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1 2 3 

4 5 6 















» I 







All anranf^ecl In thetr Appropriate Departments* \ 

BY A. W. CHASE, M. D., 








We Zjeam to Live, by Living to Leain. 



ftfUrytff ■•■^„,- 






f' V i*^|;y 


Having just reeeiyed the following Certificate, and there being 
tf> many troubled with " enlarged neck," I deem it important to 
glTe it a place even on this page. Author. 

Fort (Jratiot, Mich., July 13, '64, 

Dr. a. W. chase,- -Sir :— I have got one of your Books, and 
they are well liked here : can I obtain ten or twelve for sale, and 
at what price, &o, * * * Before closing this I think it is my 
duty to return you our hearty thanks for the benefit received from 
tiie Book. M^ wife was troubled with " enlarged neck ; " she 
follewed the directions of the Book, and I am happy to inform you 
it has made B,p&rfect cure. I have tried a great many other bf the 
" fieclpes" with the same result. I would not be witliiout the Book 

Yours truly, 


■ v-.r 

'■Jl.-P" mj^&J. ^^f 

. * ,v - 



In bringing a permanent work, or one that is derignnd so «• 
be, before the public, it is expected of the Author that he «(iVe hif 
reasons for such publication. If the reasons are founded in truth, 
the people consequently seeing its necessity, will appreciate its 
advantages, and encourage the Author by quick and extensive 
purohasos, thby alone beiag the iudges. Then : 

Fiiurr. — Much of the infoi'mation contained ilQ " Dr. Chase'i 
Recipes ; or, Information for Everybody," has never before been 
published, and is adapted to every day use. 

'.. *i-i«* ■py^i^*'.' i.^ ft' T- IK ;ti» ;w;T. •^- .-'- 

8b(^nd.— the Author, after having carried on the Drug and 
I Grocery bushiess fbr a number of years, read Medicine, after being 
38 years of age, and graduating as a Physician to qualify him* 
lelf for the Work he was undertaking ; for, having been familhir 
with Some of the Recipes adapted to these branches of trade^ 
more than twenty years, he began in " Fifty-six," seven ye«« 
ago, to publish them in a pamphlet of only a few, pages, since 
which time he has been travelling between New York and Iowa, 
selling the work and prescribing, so that up to this time, " Sixty- 
three," over tweniy4hr8e thousand copies have been sold. His 
travels have brought him in contact with all classes of Professional 
and Business men. Mechanics. Farriers, and Farmers, thus enabl- 
ing him to obtain from them many additional items, always 
having had his note-book with him, and whenever a prescription 
has been given before him. or a remark made, that would have a 
procfico; bearing, it has been noted, and at the first opportunity 
[toM, then if good, written oa| yyjfffefcliyiBW^e ejij^resBly for tlM 

' IT " ' • ' 





next editfon of this wort. In this way tliia maaa of information 
has been collected, and ought to take away an objection which 
aome persons have raised : " It is too much Kr one man to know I" 
because they did not realize that the work had been made up 
from oihArs as well as the Author's aciual every day experience, in- 
stead of from untried books. Yet from the nature of some of the 
Recipes, oue has occasionally found its way into oome of the ear- 
lier editions, which have needed revision, or to be entirely drop- 
ped. This, with a'^ desire to add to the various Departments, at 
every edition, has kept us from having it Stereotyped until the 
present, tenth edition. 

Bat now, all being what we desire ; and the size of the work 
being such that we cannot add to it without increasing tlie price. 

"We have it stereotyped, and send it out, just what wo e^ecti 
and are willing it should remain. ,, '• .^ > ^ 

Third. — Many of the Ptecipe books published are very large, 
and contain much useless matter, only to increase the number, 
consequently costing too much ; this one contains only about 
eight hundred recipes, upon only about four hundred different 
subjects, all of which are valuable in daily practical life, and at 
a very reasonable price ; many of them are without arrangement ; 
this one is arranged in regular Departments, all of a class being 
together ; many of them are without remark, or explanation; 
this one is fully explained, and accompanied with remarks upon 
the various subjects introduced by the Recipes under considera- 
tion ; those remarks, explanations, and suggestions accompanying 
the Reeipcg, are a special feature of this work, making it worth 
double itK cost as a reading book, even if there was not a prei , 
scription in it. ^ KJ- 

Fourth. — The remarks and explanations are in large type, 
whilst the prescriptive and descriptive parts are in a little smaUer 
type, which enables any one to see at a glance just what they wish 
to find. 




;-'l( ?!j; 



')■; iiiUf 

FiFTB.— It is a well known fact that many unprincipled per- 
sons go around "gulling" the people by selling single Recipes for 
exwrbi^t prices. The Author fouRd i^ tlungi joalUng himeejl, § 


man, in Battle Creek, MicWgam, selling a Washing-Fluid Beofpe 
for two dollars, which he obtained of some ; but. ff he could not 
obtain that, he would take two shillings, or any otiier sum between 
them. A merchant gave a horse for the " White Cement" Re- 
cipe. The late Mr. Andrews, of Detroit, Michigan, gave three 
hundred dollars for a Recipe, now improved and in this work, 
to cure a bone spavin upon a race mare of his. He removed 
the spavin with it and won the anticipated wager with her. The 
Author has, himself, paid from twenty-five to fifty and seventy- 
five cents, and one to two, three, five and eight dollars for single 
items, or Recipes, hoping thereby to improve his work; but 
often finding that he had much better ideas already embodied 
therein. _ ,. , , •, ^ ^,. .,);.;,, ,;^u,. 

The amount paid for information in this work, and for testing 
by experiment, together with travelling expenses, and cuts used 
in illustrating it, have reached over two thousand dollars, and all 
for the purpose of making a book worthy to be found in "Every- 
body's" library, and to prevent such extortions in the price of 

1^1 jS- 4,0 .■■>.: 

'<'f 1 

Sr(f»ni-»i • jff «ii*if^ 

Yet any cingle recipe in the work which a person may wish to 
use, will often be found worth many times the price of the book, 
perhaps the lives cf those you dearly love, by having at hand the 
necessary information enabling you to immediately apply the 
means within your reach, instead of giving time for disease to 
Btrengthen, whilst sending perhaps miles for a physician. 

Much pain and sufl'ering, also, will often be saved or avoided, 
besides the satisfaction of knowing how many things are made 
which you are eonstantly using, and also being able to avoid 
many tilings which you certainly would avoid, if joxt knew how 
they were made. . 


'[►i'f; ir "il 

Sixth.— It will be observed that we have introduced a nnmber 
of Recipes upon some of the subjects ; this adapts the work to all 
ckcumstances and places the reason for it is this : we haTO 
become acquainted with \;hem in our practice and joumeyingfi 
and know that when the articles cannot be obtained for one way, 
they may be for some other way; as alsc that ene prescription if 
better for some than for other persons; theref^ire, wo qiY9 
file variety tliat all may be benefitted as much as poflfibl«^ 







. k^!"*-.-.',- . ..V,.., .L_^\'-\*.i.r iPt.L V>, 

For lnfitane«, there are twenty different preecriptionB for iUtet 
ent diseases, and conditions of the eye ; there are also a dozed 
different liniments, &c., &c.; yet the Author feels well aspored 
that the most perfect satisfaction will bo experienced in Miem 
a whole. And although it could not be expected that special ad^ 
vantages of particular Recipes could be pointed out to any grea 
extent, yet the Author must be indulged in referring to a few, 
the TKrious Departments. All, or nearly all, Merchants and 
Grocers, as also most Families, will be more or less benefitted hj 
the directions for making or preserving butter, preserving egg 
or fruit, computing interest, making vinegar, and keeping cideij 
palatable, &c. In agu<» sections of country, none should be wUb 
out the information oo this sul^ject ; and in fact, there is not i 
medical subject introdMced but what will be found more or U 
valuable to every one ; even Physicians will be more than coi 
pensated In its perusal, whilst Consumptive, Dyspeptic, Rheu-| 
matic, and Fever patientb ouicht, by all means, to avail themselve 
of the advantages Lere pomied out 

The treatment ip Few^l-^ l>*»iUty. and the observations on thJ 
Changes in fema.e life art« ^uc^ tliat every one of them over thir-| 
teen or fourteen y*4ars of »«e slinuld not be without this work 
The directions in Pleurisy and other Inflammatory disease 
cannot fail to baaeflt eveiy tamkly into whose hands the bool 
shall fall. . . ,.4» 


Tho Good Samfrltan Liniment. w«) do not believe, has its eqnal| 
in the world, for c^jumon uses, whiM there are a number of othei 
liniments equally whU adapted to particular cases. And we would 
not undertake to rniae a family of children without our Whoopioj j 
Cough Syrup and Croup Remedies, knowing their value as we do, 
if it cost a hundred dollars to ootain them. Tannei» and Shoe 
makers, Painters apd Blacksmiths, Tinners and Gunsmiths, Cabi^ 
net Maimers. Barbers and Bakers will dnd in their various Deoar(-j 
I^e|Qlt8.Q)or^ than enough, in single Recipes, to conujenBate theo^ 
for the expense of the work ; and Farriers and Farmers who deal j 
in^bjQkrfiies and cs^ttle, will often find that denartpient to lave r 
ib,midi:9d times its cost in single cases of disease. 

A ^e&fleoMi veoently called at my Insw for coa «f ili0 

lyiBg : ** I bate come ten milei oni of 1117 wvj to 90! (t, fbr t 

id over night with a farmer who had one, and had been bene> 

more than $20, in cuHng a horse by its directions.'' A 

^eotleman near this city says he had paid oat dollars after dollart 

cure a horse of spavin, without benefit, as directed by othef 

|)Ooks of recipes ; but a few shillings, as directed by thU, onred 

i6 horse. Another gentleman recently said to me : " Tour Bye 

Fater is worth more than $20." I could fill pages of similar 

Statements which have come to my knowledge since I commenced -* 

ie publication of this work, but must be content by asking uW'A 

look over our References, which have been voluntarily acoa- 
lulating during the seven years in which the work has been in 
growing up to its present size and perfection; and the position ia 
)ciety of most of the persons making these statements is such, 
my of which are entire strangers to the Author and to each 
lother, that any person can see that no possible complicity could 
lexiBt betwwu as, even if we desired it 


Families will find in the Baking, Cooking, Coloring and M Is- 
IcellaneouB departments all they will need, without the aid of 
lany other '^ Cook Bouk ;" and the Washing-Fluid, which we 
Ihare used &.t every washing except two for nearly eight years. If 
Iworth to every family of eight or ten persons, ten times the cost 
|of the book, yearly, saving both in labor and wear of clothes. 

SuTifeMTH.— Many of the articles can be gathered from garden^ 
lAeld or woods, and the others will always be found with Drug- 
Igiits, and most of the preparations will cost only from oiM-haifto 
[as low as one-aiaieenih as much as to purchase them already made; 
land the only certainty now-a-days, of having a good article, is to 
liL^ it yourself. 

FnriTiiT.— There is one or two things fad about this book ; 
litis the biggest humbug of the day; or it is the best work of 
the kind published in the English language. If a careAil peru- 
sal does not satisfy aU that it ia not the first, but that itiathe Uutf 
then will the author be willing to acknowledge that Testing^ 
Experimenting, Labor, Travel and study, to be of no account in 
I qualifying a man for such a work, especially when that work hat 
been th» long eherished object of his life, for a ladting bene- 




fit to his fellow oreatares, saying them from extortion, in baying 
lingle reolpea, and also giving them a reliable work, for every 
emergency, more than for his own pecuniary benefit. Were It 
not so, I should have kept the work smaller, as heretotore, for 
the eighth edition of two hundred and twenty-four pages, when 
handsomely bound, sold for One Dollar ; but in this edition you 
get a dollar's worth of hook, even if common reading matter, be- 
sides the most reliable practical information, by which you will 
often save not only dollars and cents, but relieve suffering and 
prolong life. 


It is, in fact, a perfect mass of the most valuable methods ol 
accomplishing the things spoken of, an Encyclopedia upon the 
various branches of Science and Art, treated of in the work, which 
no family can afford to do without ; indeed, young and old, 
" Everybody's" book. And the " Taxes" or " Times" should not 
be for a moment argued against the purchase of so valuable a 
work, especially when we assure you that the Book is sold only 
by Travelling Agents, that all may have a chance to purchase ; 
for if left at the Book Stores, or by Advertisement only, not one 

in fifty T; aid ever see it. 

* •;■ :■, . ■ ., . 

8ome persons object to buying a Book of Recipes, as they are 
constantly receiving so many in the newspapers of the day ; but 
if they had all that this book contains, scattered through a num- 
ber of years of accumulated papers, it would be worth more than 
the price of this work to have them gathered together, carefally 
arranged in their appropriate departments, with an alphabetical 
index, and handsomely bound ; besides the advantage of their 
having passed under the Author's carefully pruning and grafting 

" To uproot error and do good should be the first and highest! 
aspiration of every intelligent being. He who labors to promote 
the physical perfection of his race ; he who strives to make man- 
kind intelligent, healthy, and happy; cannot fail t-j have reflected 
on his own soul the benign smiles of those whom he has been the 
instrument of benefitting." 

The Author has received too many expressions of gratitade, 

thankfulness and favor 'n regard to the value of " Dr. Ohase'tt 

Recipes ; or Informatio.i for Everybody," to doubt the truth of 

. the foregoing %aotaiibn ; and trusts that the followini^qaoti^tioii 



may not be set down to " Egotism" or " Bigotry," when he fflren 
It as the governing reason for the continued and permanent pub* 
lication of the work : * ' ' 

*• I llv« to UKARir their story, who suffered for in7 sake; 

To emulate their glory, and follow In their wake; ,-,/ir 

Bards, patriots, raartyra sjiges, and nobles of all ages, 
Whose deeds cruwn History's pages, and Time's great vo!unc makfli 

'• I live for those who love me, for those who knovr me true, ' ■ '' 

For the heaven that smiles above mo, and awaits ijiy spirit too; 
For the cause that lacks assistance, for the wronK that needs redl8taac0« 
For the future in the distance, and the good that I can da" 

May these reasons speedily become the governing principlea 
thioughout the world, especially with all those who have taken 
upon themselves the vows of our '' Holy Religion ;" knowing that 
it is to those only who begin to love God and right actions here, 
with whom the glories of Heaven shall ever begin. Were they 
thus heeded, we should ao longer need corroborating testimony to 
our statements. Now, however, we are obliged to array every 
point before the people as a Mirror, that they may judge «nder- 
standingly, even in matters of the most vital imj^urcance to them- 
selves, consequently we must be excused for this lengthy Preface, 
Explanatory Iiidex, and extended References following it. Yet, 
that there are some who will let the work go by them as one of 
the " Humbugs of the day," notwithstanding all that has or 
might be said, we have no doubt ; but we beg to refer such to the 
statement among our References, of the Rev. G. P. Nash, of Mus- 
kegon, Mich., who, although he allowed it thus to pass him, 
could not rest satisfied when he saw the reliability of the work 
purchased by his less incredulous neighbours ; then if you will, lei 
it go by ; but it is h6ped that all purchasers may have sufflciont 
confidence in the work not to allow it to lay idle ; for, that th» 
designed and greatest possible amount of good shall be accom- 
plished by it, it is only necessary that it should be generally 
htroduced and 4aily used, is the positive knowledge of the ' 

, {):r/>$J\ AUTHOR 






^i«>p.„j Gaa, Ek^. : * .»• " M«*od o? Keeping Z 
Premiam Honey ._* HoMy-Eioellent Hom;Z ** 

Wlie., WithontiVid; ""wfler, 

Month Glue, for twd *'-*8 

.*,,, AShIO 



• es 



peers : Root^pTnoe, or Aromatic Beer—- Lemon^Ginger 
—Philadolphia— Patent Gaa— Cora ; without Yeagt— 

Strong Beer ; EngUtfa, improved 61-63 

Coloring for Winee 74 

Oream Soda : Using Cow'b Cream for Fountains— -Cream 

Soda : witn a Fountain £7 

Cream Nectar ; Imperial 64 

Ginger Fop 65 

Ice Cream — Ice Cream, very cheap 66-67 

Lawton Blackbenrj | its Cultivation. 72 

Lemonade, to carry m t^ Poclcet 60 

Moia3SG& Candy and Pop Com Balls 58-^9 

Oyster Soup 68 

Persian Sherbet 60 

Porter, Ale or Wine ; to Prevent Flatness in parts of 

Bottles, for the Invalid 64 

Stomach Bitters, equal to Hostetter's, for one-fourth its 

cost, and Schiedam Schnapps Exposed 74 

Sham Champagne, a purely Temperance Drink 65 

JBpanish Gingerette ... 65 

Soda Water, without a Machine for Bottling 67 

Syrups— to make the various Colours — Syrups, Artificial ; 
various flavors, as Raspberry, Strawberry, Pineapple, 
Sarsaparilla, ac. — Lemon Syrup, common— Lemon 
Syrup, to Save the Loss of Lemons-»Soda Syrup, with 

or without Fountains 64 67 

Tripe, to prepare and Pickle. 68 

Wines ; Currant, Cherry, Elderberry and other Berry 
Wines — Rhubarb, or English Patent Wine— fTomato 
Wine — Wine from White Currants — Ginger Wine — 
Blackberry Wine— Port Wine— Cider Wine— Grape 

Wine.... 67 74 

Teasts ; Hop Yeast— Bakers' Yeast— Jug Yeast, without 
Yeast to start with— Yeast Cake... 66 6f 


Alcohol in Medicine, prtTerable to Brandy, Rum or Gin 
of the present day, connected with Spiritual Facts. ... 76 77 

A|pie Medicines ; Dr. Krider's Ague Pills— Ague Bitters 
—Ague Powder— Agje Mixture, without Quinine— 
A^ue Cured for » Penny— Ague Anodjrne— Tonio 
Wme Tincture, a positive cure for Ague, without Qui- 
nine 77 80 

Asthma ; Remedies 139 

iterative Syrup, or Blood Purifier — Alterative, very 
strong- AlU. 'ative Cathartic, powder— Alterative for 
Diseases of the Skin— Alterative, Tonic and Cathartic 
Bitteiv H^ 142 148 



•I- ■ 


'. t 






Artificial Skin»for Barns, Bndses, Abraslonii, Ao., Proof 

against Water « ^ />;*i ~191 

Adhesive Plaster, or Salve, for Deep Wounds, Cats, &c«, <. 

inplaceofSLltchw 163 

A Cure for Drunkenness 140 

Anodyne Pills ^ . .-^^49 

Bread-Tea, used in taking Emetics ^ t i 106 

Bateman's Pectoral Drops o .■■■» (f a^|34 

Balsams; Dr. R. W. Hutchin's Indian Healing, formerly -'j n'n 
Peckliam's Cough Balsam; Dr. Mitcbel's Balsam, for 

Cuts, Bruises, &c .190 191 

Bleedings ; In' ^mal and External Remedies ; Styptic ^fKkM 
Balsam, for Internal Hemorrhages ; Styptic Tincture, 

External Application 192 194 

Bronchocele (Enlarged Neck), to cure. * 194 

Bums ; Salve for Bums, Frost-Bites, Cracked Nipples, < ,| 
Ac., very successful ; Dr. Downer's Salve, for Burns ; v '• 
Poultice for Burns and Frozen Flesh ; Salve from the 
Garden and Kitchen, for Bums eight preparations. . . .110 111 

Camphor and other Medicated Waters ..... 

Cancers, to cure; Methods of Dr. Landolfi, Surgeon 
Creneral to the Neapolitan Army ; Dr. H. 6. Judkins' ; 
L. S. Hodgkins' ; Rev. C. C. Cuvlers' ; Great English 
Remedy; American, Red Oak Bark, Salve from 
the Ashes : Prof. R. S. Newton's ; Prof. Calkin's, &c., 
altogether fourteen prescriptions, with Cautions against 
the use of the Knife, showing when the Treatment 

should commence, &q 96 

^stiveness. Common, or very Obstinate Cases 101 

Ghronio Gout, to cure ; Gout Tincture 102 

Cathartic Syrup , 

Catarrh Snuflf ! v/t# 


lo ■■: 



Campbor-Ice, for Chapped Hands and Lips 1111$ 

Chilblains, to cure, published by cjder of the Govern- 
ment of Wirtemburg 112 

Cod Liver Oil, made Palatable and more Digestible 119 

Consumptive Symp, very successful, with directions 
about Travel; Remarks on the Use of Fat Meats as b-)IA 
Preventative of Consumption, &c.; Chlorate of Potash 
in Consumption, new remedy ; Rational Treatment for 
Consumption, claimed to be the best in the world 119 

Composition Powd^, Thompson's 

Croup, Simple but Effectual Remedy ; Dutch Remedy $ 
Croup Ointment * « « , 149 

Cough Lozenges, two preparations : Palmonic Wafers for 
oughs ; Coughs from Recent Colds ; Remedy Cough 
Mixture for Recent Colds ; Cough Candy ; Cough Syrup ; 
Cough Tincture ; Cough Pill 170 

Cholara linct^; Isthmus Cholera Tincture ; Cholei* 











Prey«fitir« ; Cholera Cordial ; German Cholera, iino- 
ture ; EgypiA&n Care for Cholera ; India Prescription 
for Cholera : Nature's Cholera Medicine 178 

Golio and Cholera Morbus ; Treatment 180 

Carminatives for Children 

Dyspepsia ; Treatment firom Personal Experience, with 
Cautions about Eating between Meals, especially 
against constant nibbling ; also, Father Pinkney's Ex- 
perience of ninely years 87 

Dyspeptic's Biscuit and Coffee, very valuable 

Dyspeptic Tea 

Delirium Tremens ; to obtain sleep ; Stimulating Anodyne 
for Delirium r 

Disinfectant for Rooms, Meat or Fish : Coffee as a Disin- 
fectant for Sick Rooms 

Deafness, if recent, to Cure ; if not, to Relieve 

Diuretic Pill ; Drops, Decoction and Tincture 143 

Dropsy Syrup and Pills ; very effectual 144 145 

Diarrhoea Cordial ; Injection for Chronic Diarrhoea ; Diarr- 
hoea Tincture, Drops and Syrup ; also for Fl?ix and 
Chronic Diarrhoea in Adults and Children, when accom- 
panied with Canker 176 

Dentrifice which removes Tartareous adhesions from the 
Teeth, arrests decay, and induces a healtiiy action of 
the Gums 

Discutients, to scatter Swellings ; Common Swellings, to 
Reduce ; . . .191 

Diphtheria ; Dr. Phinney's Tre^^ment, of Boston 

Enlarged Tonsils, to Cure. . . , 

Eiilectio Emetic <->• • • • • 

Eye Water, often acknowledge ^ be worth more than 
Twenty Dollars ; India Prescription for Sore Eyes : Dr. 
Cook's Eye Water ; Preparation for Excessive Inflam- 
mation of the Eyes ; Sailor's Eye Preparation; Father 
Pinkney's Preparation for very bad Sore Eyes ; In- 
dian Eye Water ; Poultices for the Eye ; Films, to 
remove from the Eye ; Eye Salve ; Sore Eyes, to 
Remove the Granulations ; altogether, twenty-two 
Prescriptions for different conditions of the Diseased 
Bye 164 

Essences ; very strong t , , ^, , . ^ 

Febrifuge Wine, to drive away Fever. . . . ../.!"' 

Fevers : General Improved Treatment, for Bilious, Ty- 
phoid and Scarlet Fevers, Congestive Chills, &c. ; also 
valuable in arresting Diarrhoea, Summer Complaint, 
Cholera Infantum, and all forms of Fever in Children ; *i: 

Lemonade, nourishing for Fever Patients ; Professor 
Hufeland'B Drink for Fever Paiients, or for excessive 
TJwrpt ..,...,,....,.,., , ,,.. 80 87 












Felon, if recent, to cure m Sue Hoar»-^Ponltioef for 

Felons^FeloQ Ointment and Salve IIS 

Fever-Sore Plaster or Black Salve ; has saved two dilTer- 
ent Hands that two different physicians, in each case, 
said must be cut off— Red Salve for Fever-Sores — Indian 
Cure for Fever-Sor^s — Kitridge^e Salve for Fever 
Sores — Fever-Sore Poultices, Ointments and Salve 
for Fever-Sores, Abcesa?s, Broken Breasts, &e., «2even 

preparations 159 162 

Female Debili^ and Irregularities, Explanations and 
Treatment— Female Laxative Fills — Female Laxative 
and Anodyne Pills — Pills for Painful Menstruation — 
Injection for Female Complaints— Emmenagogne 
Tincture (aiding menstruation) — Powder for excessive 
Flooding, also full explanations of the natural Turn 
with young Females, in such plain and delicate lan- 
guage, that every Girl over thirteen years of age, 

ought to have the book 208 214 

Uterine Hemorrhages, Prof. Piatt's Treatment, twenty 

Tears without a Failure 88 

Gravel and Kidney Complaints ; Imperial Drop 109 

Godfrey's Cordial 134 

Hqffhian's Anodyne or Golden Tincture 138 

Hydrophobia, to prevent — Saxon Remedy — Grecian 

Remedy — Quaker Remedy ; Mtj years successful 151 158 

Inflammation of the Throat (Laryngitis)— Gargle for 
Sore Throat— Sore Throat Liniment, with a Synopsis 
(general view) of Dr. Fitch's Treatment of Throat 

Diseases.. 92 96 

Inflammation of the Lungs — ^Inflammation of the Pleura, 
(pleurisy), with such full explanations of general In- 
flammation that no difficulty will be experienced in 

Treating the disease in any of its forms 195 208 

Liflammation of the Liver— Eclectic Liver Pill— Liver 
Pill, Improved— Liver Drops, for obstinate cases — ; 

Ointment for Ulcerated Liver, Ague Cake, &q. ; very 

successful 14^ 147 

In-Growing Toe Nail, to cure 147 

Indian Cathartic Pills 186 

Itohin^ Feet from Frost Bites, to cure Ill 

Irritatmg Plaster, extensively used by Eclectics 144^ 

Jaundice ; Dr. Peabody's Cure, tn its worst forms— ,/i 

Drink for common cases of Jaundice 130 131 

Liniments; Good. Samaritan, Improved — Liniment for 
Old Sores — Dr. Raymond's Liniment — German Bheu- 
matio Liquid or Liniment— Cook's Electro-lbgnetio 
Liniment; Liniment for S|>inal Affections; Great 
London Liniment ; Gum Liniment : Patent Liniment ; 
t«^Ua and Cayenne Liniment ; Liniment, said to be 
; John's, &c..., ,.,..,;. , U4 1W 



,.«*?l' 'tl^'j «#, 

Lftodanniii ..V\i. 
Kight Sweats, to relieve. 
Ointment for Old Sores 

■A i 

Mead'9 Salt Rheum Ointment, 


hfts proved very aucceasflil ; Judkin's ; Sisson'a Green 
Ointment, exceedingly good ; Dr. Kittridge's cele- 
brated Ointment for "Pimpled Pace," " Prairie Itch," 
&c. ; Dr. Gibson'g Ointment for very bad dltin Dia- 
eases ; Itch Ointment ; Magnetic Ointment, said to be 
Task's, with Stramonium Ointment and Tincture; 

Toad Ointment, &o I2ff 18^^ 

Oil of Spike ; British Oil ; Balm of Gillead Oil ; Harlem ..y 

Oil or Welch Medacamentum ; also Black Oils, valuable "^^ ^* 

for Persons or Animals 174 ITS 

Opodeldoc, liquid 17« 

Paralysis, if recent, to cure, if not, to relieve ; Paralytic 

Liniment... 1031 

Piles, very successful remedy ; Pile Cerate j Simple 
Cure for Piles, internal and external Remedies, eleven 

preparations , 131 138 : 

Paregoric fi,\ 133 ; 

Pills, to sugar coat. Nervous Pills • « 1^ 149 

Pain-Killer, said to be Perry Davis' i 194 i 

Poisons ; Antidote 195 

Rheumatic Ijiniment ; Inflammatory Bheumfttisnii to^ ^' 
cure ; Dr. Kittridge's Remedy for Rheumatism and 
Stiffened Joints from Rheumatism ; French Remedy 
for Chronic Rheumatism ; Bitters for Chronic Rheu- 
matism, very successful : Green Bay Indians' Remedy i 
for Rheumatism : New Remedy, &c. : t\oelve prepara- 
tions 135 138 

blck Headache, to cure ; Periodical Headache ; Headaehe 
Drops ; Tincture of Blood Root for certain Headaches ; ^ 

Charcoal for certain Headaches .... * 104 lOT^^ 

Sweating Drops ; Sweating with burning Aleohol *, 108VV 

Stimulant, in Low Fevers and after Uterine Hemorrba^ 

ges 141 

Sore Throat, from recent cold, remedy . .,,.,.. i 171 

Snake Bites ; Eflectual Remedies, for Persons and Ani- 

, mals 168 

Small Pox, to prevent Pitting the Face 

Salves ; Greet. Mountain Salve, exceedingly vatoable ; 
Conklin'S Celebrated Salve ; also Balm of Gilleaa 

Salve and Peleg White's Old Salve 162 

Sedlitz Powder, cathartic ..;........... 

Teeth, Extracting with little or no pain: Tooth I^ow- 
der, excellent ; Teeth, to remove blackness : Tooth 
Cordial, Magnetic ; Homeopathic Tooth Cordial ; 
Neuralgia, internal Remedy ; King of Oils for Neil* 

ralgia and Rheumatism ....••.184 

Tbietures, to make 




xvm p sn>iz« 

Tetfer, ttiag Wonn and Barbers' Itch ; to onre. ........ Iffi 

T^buB Fever ; to Prevent Infection 16T 

vermihige Lozenges ; Worm Tea ; Worm Cake ; English 

Remedy ; Tape Worm ; Simple but Effectual Remedies ; 

Vermiixige Oil ; Prof. Freeman's 164 170 

Vegetable Physic 184 

Whooping Cough Syrup ; Daily's Whooping Cough 

Syrup ; Soreness or Hoarseness from Coughs ; Remedy . . 173 174 
Warts and Corns, to cure in Ten Minutes ; Dr. Hariman's ^^ . 

innooent and sure cure for Warts, Corns and Chilblainfl, 

five prescriptions 113 114 

Wens,to cure 192 


Best Color for Boot, Shoe and Harness Edge, and Ink ^^^.., 

which cannot freeze ; Cheap Color for Boot, Shoe and ^, 

Harness Edge 215 

Black Varnish for the Edge 217 

Peer Skins ; Tanning and Buffing for Gloves ; three 

methods 218 

Fliench Patent Leather ; French Finish for Leather 221 

G^yn-Side Blacking, for Ten Cents a Barrel 221 

Tanning Sheepskihs ; applicable for Mittens, Door Mats, ;, 

Robes, Ac.; Tanning Fur and other Skins; Fifty -^ 
Dollar Recipe ; Tanning Deer and Woodchuck Skins, "'''*^' - 

for Whips, Strings, &o. ; Process of Tanning Calf, Kip, '*'>^* 

and Harness, in from Six to Thirty Days; Canadian ^i^^ 
Process also, with Mr. Rose's modification, of Madison, ^^ '^- ' 

Ohio .217 221 

Shsing for Treeing out Boots and Shoes 215 

Varnish for Harness, the best in use 217 

Water-Proof Oil Paste Blacking 216 

Water-Proof Paste without Rubber; Neats-foot Oil 

Paste 210 

^^■^^ PAINTERS' DEPARTMENT, ^'^i^^^^^;^- Z^ 

DiTtng on, equal to the Patent Dryers ...... . ... ....... 222 

Door Plates, to make 227 22S) 

Etching upon Glass, for Signs or Side Lights ; easy 

Method ^229 230 

Frosting Glass 226 

Fluoric Acid ; to make for Etching Purpose? 231 

Glass Grinding, for Signs, Shades, &o 230 

Japan Dryers, of the best quality 222 

New Tin Roofis, valuable process for painting 225 

Fire-Proof Paint for Rooft, &c. ; Water-Proof Oil-Rubber 

?^t;,MfP... ...... p.... ............ .-.p., i^ 


.•-^^" TAQW,^ 

Oil ; to prepare for Carriage, Wagon and Floor Painting . . 222 

Oil Paint, to Reduce with Water 223 

Oriental or Crystal Painting, with Directions to make 

various Shades, or Compound ^olours : Fancy Green, fto.226 227 

Paint Skins ; to save and Reduce to Oil 224 

Porcelain Finish ; very Hard and White, for Parlors 231 

Painters' Sanding Apparatus 224 

Sketching Paper ; to prepare 227 


' (^<: .'l^ \ 

Chrome Green ; Chrome Yellow ; Green, durable and jftiT;;? 
cheap ; Paris Green, two processes ; Prussian Blue, 

two processes : Pea Brown ; Rose Pink 232 233 


Butcher Knives ; spring Temper and beautiful Edge. • . • 238 
Cast Iron, to case harden ; Cast Iron, the hardest, to 

Soften for Drilling *40 

Files and Rasps, old ; to Re-cut by a chemical process.. 233 

Iron ; to Prevent Welding * . . , 239 

Iron 01" Wood : to Bronze, Representing Bell-metal 241 

Mill Picks, to Temper, three Preparations ; Mill Picks and 
Saw Gummers, lo Temper ; Mill Pick Tempering, as 

done by Church, of Ann Arbor , 236 237 

Poor Iron ; to Improve , , 236 

Rust on Iron or Steel ; to Prevent 234 

Silver Plating, for Carriage Work 239 

Trap Springs ; to Temper , .^ . 238 

Truss Springs ; Directions for Blacksmiths to make ; 

superior to the Patent Trusses 241 

Varnishes ; Transparent ; for Tools, Ploughs, Ac. ; Var- 
nish, Transparent Blue, for Steel Ploughs ; Varnish, 
Seek-No-Further, for Iron or Steel ; Varnish, Black, 

having a polish, for Iron 234 235 

Welding Cast Steel, without Borax ^ 235 

Welding a email piece of Iron upon a large one, witib 

only a light heat 240 

Writing upon Iron or Steel, Silver or Gold ; not to cost 

the tenth of a cent per letter 236 

Wrought Iron ;. to Case-harden 240 


Black Varnish, for Coal Buckets .*r . ; ; 243 

Box Metal, to make, for Machinery. , 244 

Britannia ^ to use Old instead of Block Tin, for Solder. . 2l5 

Copp«)r, to Tin ; for Stew Dishes or other puri^oses ...... M4 

firoDitoXiB^ for Soldering or other puipoaa* 244 




Iron, Iron Wlw or Bteel : to Copper the Surface. .i'.V. . . 244 
Japans for Tin— Black, Blue, Green, Orange, Pink, Red, 

and Yellow .. 242 

Lacquer for Tin — Gold color, Transparent, Blue, Green, 

; Purple and Rose Color — also, Lacquer for Brass 242 243 

j Liquid Glue for Labelling upon Tin 245 

Liquid to clean Brass, Door Knobs, &c 245 

Oil Cans ; Size of Sheet for from One to One Hundred 

Gallons 248 

Silver Powder for Copper or worn Plated Goods. ....... 245 

Solder for btazing Iron, Lead, Tin and Britannia 244 245 

Tinning Flux ; improved 245 

Tin ; to Pearl, for Spittoons, Water Coolers, &c 245 



t^^J lAf 


Broken Saws ; to Mend Permanently, . . , 

Browning Gun Barrels; two processes — Browning for 

TwistBarrels 246 247 

Case Hardening > 247 

Tinning ; superior to the old process 248 

Varnish and Polish for Stocks ; German 248 


Galvanizing without x Battery • -jRli 

Galvanizing with a Suilling Battery ; also, Directions to * 

M^ke the Battery 249 ^60 

Jewelry ; Cleaning and Polishing 2^0 


Broken Limbs ; Treatment, instead of inhumanly thoot • 
ing the Horse . . HO 261 

Bog-Spavin and Wind-Gall Ointment ; also go«d for 
Curbs, Splints, &o 255 

Bone Spavin ; French Paste ; Three Hundi'ed Dollar 
i Recipe ; Bone Spavin ; Norwegian Cure ; Spavin Linl; 
i> V- men t, four preparations i 264 

Bots, sure remedy . 251 

Colic Cure, for Horses or Persons ; has not failed i* 
more than Forty Trials 250 

Condition Powder, exceedingly valuable, said to b« Si. iSK-' 
{ .* John's Cathartic Condition Powder, designed for Wtm 

down Animals ; .A69 260 

DeGray or Sloan's Horse Ointment 259 

Distemper, to Distinguish and Cure 265 

; Eye Water, for Horses and Cattle 266 

^ JPounder Remedy 266 

iijOrease-Heel and Common Scratches, to Cure 262 263 

l^^eaves. Great Belief for; Six Methods for Difersat 

1^ Conmtioni .. ......264 266 



flbof-Ail in Stheept IQM remtdj «;;. 266 

LoofleneM or Scoiuring in Henes or Cattle, remedj in Hie 

over eeveu^ yean 252 1^8 

Liniment for Stiff Necks, from Poll Erils ; English Stable 

Liniment, very strong ; Liniment for one shilling a 

Snart, yalnable in Strains, Old Swellings, Ac. ; and 
ferre and Bone Liniment 268 

Poll-Evil and Fi8tR?a,.positive cure ; Poll-Evil and Fis- 
tula, Norwegian cure ; Eight Methods, all of which 
have cured many oases ; Poll-Evils, to Scatter, Ac. $ 

^: Potash, to malce, used in Poll-Evils 266 258 

Physio, Ball and Liquid, for Horses and Cattle 266 

Ring-bone and Spavin Cure, often acknowledged worth 
the value of the Horse : 0. B. Bangs' Method for Re- 
cent Cases ; Rawson's Ring-Bono and Spavin Cure, has 
cured Ring-bones as thick as the arm ; Indian Method 

also very simple 251 264 

Splint and Spavm Liniment 255 

■Sweeny Liniment 256 

Scours and Pin Worms, to cure, in Horses or Cattle. .... 259 
Saddle and Harness Galls, Bruises, Abrasions, &c., &c, ; 

Remedy 263 

Sores from Chafing of the Bits,''to Cure 268 264 

Shoeing Horses for Winter Travel 265 

Supporting Apparatus in Lameness of Animals, BT" ' 

plained 261 

Taming Wild and Vicious Horses : also showing who can 

doit 267 269 

Wound Balsam for Horses or Persons 262 


Finishing Furniture with only One Coat of Yamisbf not 
using Glue, Paste or Shellac ; very valuable • • • • 270 

Jet Polish, for Wood or Leather : Black, Red, and Bine. . 270 

Polish for New Fnmiture ; Polish for Reviving Old Fox-* ■, 
niture, equal to the "Brother Jonathan;" andPoli^ !, 
for Ramoving Stains, Spots and Mildew from Funu^^rrrv/ 
ture mVO 

Stains : Mahogany on Walnut, as natural as nature ; Roae^ 
wood Stain, veiy bright shade, used odd ; Rosewood 
Stain, Wg^t shade, used hot ; Rose-pink, Stain and Viir* 
nish ; a' so used to imitate Rosewood ; Black Walnut 
Stain ; Cherry Stain ..27|l^73 

Ygkruish, Transparent, for Wood ; Patent Varnish, for ' i 
Wood or Canvass ; Asphaltum Varnish, black 278 274 


Balm of a Thonsand Flowers 180 

IteLofnA ZsiperiAl ; Cologne for Fomily Uie, cheaper. . . .278 879 


Faded and Worn Gannents ; to renew the Color, . . 'i ,'i\ 1 278 

Hair Dye; Reliable, 274 

^jpair Restorative ; equal to Woods' for a trifliag cost ; 
four preparations ; cheap and reliable ; Hair Invigo- 
ratora, two preparations; will stop Hair fi*om Falling,276 276 
Hair Oils; New York Barbers' Star Hair Oil; Macassar ' 
. or Rose; Fragrant Home-made Pomade or Ox-Morrow, 279 

Shampooning Mixture, for Five Cents per Quart, 277 

Renovating Mixture; for Grease Spots' Shampooning , 

and Killing BedBugs; Renovating Clothes; Grentlemen's 

Wear 277 278 

Rasor Strop Paste; very nice, 280 


■ '>' 

Breads; Yankee Brown Bread; Graham Bread; London i 

Bakers' superior Loaf Bread; new French method of ^ , \ 
malungBread; Old Bachelors' Bread; Biscuit and Pie- ''^ \ 
Crust; Baking Powders for Biscuit, without Shortening290 291 

Oakes; Federal; Rough and Ready; Sponge Cake, with 
sour milk; Sponge Cake, with sweet milk; Berwick ^^ '> 
Sponge Cake, without milk; Surprise Cake; Sugar ''«'*« 
Cake; Ginger Cake: Tea or Cup Cake; Cake, without ■»?*^; 
eggs or milk; Pork Cake, without butter, milk or eggs: 
Cadet Cake; Ginger Snaps; Jell Cake and Roll Jell . : 
Cake.; Cake Table, showing how to make fifteen ^*^*N ^v 
diirei)ent kinds, as Pound, Grenuine Whig, Shrewsburry, ' ' 
Training, Nut Cake, Short, Cymbals, Burk, and 
Jumbles, Ginger Bread, Wonders, Cookies, York, >iJJH'V 
Biscuit, Common and Loaf Cakes, Molasses Cake, 
Marble Cake, Silver Cake, and Gold Cake, finishing 
with Bride and Fruit Cakes; Frosting for Cakes, &c. ; ,^ j^ * 
excellent Crackers; Sugar Crackers; Naples Biscuit: '" 
Buckwheat Shortcake, without shortening, mosi 
excellent; and Yeast Cake, , 281 289 

pies: Lemon Pie, extra nice; Pie-Crust Glaze; which 
prevents the juices from soaking into the crust; fl;^ >^ 
Apple-Costard Pie, the nicest ever eaten; Paste for 
Tarti, 293 % 

Paddings: Biscuit Pudding, without re-baking; Old , .; -^ 
Engluh Christmas Plum Pudding; Indian Pudding, to 
bake; Indian Pudding, to boil; Quick Indian Pudding; ,^ 
Flour Pudding, to boil; Potato Pudding; Gr«en Com d 
Padding; Steamed Pudding; Spreading and Dip Sauces 
for Puddings,. ., ,^«, . ^*. . .295 2Wt 


tipples: to bake steanfboat style, better than presenrei.; 
Afple Frttteifj Apples to fry, extra nice, 

■'■'*»<•« 4f, ■- 

^K:. TkQM, 

Apple Merange, • a excellent anbititntefor Fie ftPadding SM 

Back'WOodB Preberves, 299 

Bread: to fry bettor than Toast, 299 

French Hon^, 800 

Fruit Jams, Jellies and Praserves, 900 

Fruit Extracts 801 

Green Corn Omelet, £98 

Mock Oysters, 800 

Muffins, 800 

Toa8t:6ennan style 299 

•Rose and Cinnamon Waters, .' 802 


Advice to Young Men, and others out of employment, ,886 841 

Bed-room Carpets, for One Shilling per yard, 833 

Currants: to dry with sugar , 815 

Currant Catchup, 814 

Coffee: more healthy and letter flavored, for one-foorth 

the expense of common 834 

Cements: Cement for Chia'\, &c., which stands fire and 
water; Cement, cheap And valuable; German and 
Russian Cement: Cement, water oro«f for cloth and 
belting; Cement or Fuxilture Glue, for house nse: 
White Cement and Cejnent to prevent leaks about 
Chimneys, Roofs, &c. ; ficrap-Book Paste or Cement, 

always ready for use,. 817 819 

Canning Fruits: Peaches, Pears, Berries, Plums, Cherries, 

Strawberries and Ton j toes; Cement for Canning FmitsSlS 314 
Eggs: to Increase the laying; Eggs: to fry extra niee,. . . 44 

Fence Posts: to prevent rotting, SOS 

Fire kindlers, 329 

Fish art of catching, 822 

Gravel Houses: to make, proportions of lime, sand and 

gravel, ..;;..,... 324. 

Glues: Liquid Gbie; Imitations, equal to Spalding's 

Liquid Glue, and Water-Proof Glue, 828 

Grammar in Rhyme, for the Little Folks, • . , . . 341 

Musical Curiosity; Scotch Genius in Teaching, 342 

Meats : to prfperve ; to Pickle for long keeping ; 
Michigan Fanner's method; Beef, to Pickle for Winter 
or present use, and for drying, very nice; Mutton 
Hams to fiickle for drying; Curing, Smoking and 
Keeping Rams; T. E. Hamilton's Maryland Premium 
iiethod; Pork, to have fresh from winter killing, for 
summer frying; Salt Pork for fiying, nearly equal to 
fresh, Fresh Meat: to keep a week or two, in summer; 
Smok id Meat: to Preserve for years or for sea voyages: 
Ru*a) New Yorker's method, and the New England 
Fa/B*er ^' @aving his l^wfon" ,.,,,,„,,,,,,, , , $09 W 


r Vi- 


-1 'AOI. 

lUglo Paper lued to tnoMW llpires In Embrof derj, or 

ImpressioDB of Leaves for Herbariunrj! Sit 

Peroussioo Matches, best quality, 829 S31 

Preserves, Tcvnato and Watermelon Preserves, SM 

Plums and other Fruits: to prevent Insects ftom Stinging; SSS 
Pickling; Apples, Peaches, Plums and Cucumbers, verj 

nice indeed ; Peaches, to peel, 334 S3Jf 

Bat Destroyers ; Rat Exterminator ; Death for the Old 
Sly Rat ; Rats, to drive away alive ; Rat Poison from 

' Sir Humphrey Davy, 320 321 

Straw Bonnets ; to Color a Beautiful Slate ; Straw and 

Chip Hats, to Varnish Black, 322 

Stucco Plastering fbr Brick and Gravel houses, 322 324 

Steam Boilers, to Prevent Explosion, with the Reason 
why they explode ; Steam Boilers ; to Prevent Lime 

Deposits, two Methods 332 33S 

Sand Stone, to Prevent Scaling from Frosts, 836 \ 

Sealing Wax ; to Make Red, Black and Blue, 83« \ 

Starch Polish,. 82» 

Qoaps ; Soft Soap, for Half the Expense and One-Fourth 
the trouble of the Old Way ; German Erasive Soap ; 
Hard Soap ; Transparont Soap ; One Hundred Pounds v 

of Good Soap for One Dollar and Thirty Cents ; Chemi- * I v 

cal Soap ; Soap Without Heat ; Windsor or Toilet <ii' 

Soap : variegated Toilet Soap, &o 304 306 

Tallow Candles for Summer Use ; Tallow to Cleanse and 

Bleaeh, 807 

Tomato Catchup, the best I ever used, 814> 

Tomato ; Cultivation for early and late ; Tomatoes as 

Food, and Tomatoes as Food for cattle, 69 70 

Tin-Ware to Mend by the Heat of a Candle, 816 f 

Tire, to Keep on the Wheel until Worn Out, 316 ' „ 

Washing Fluid, Saving half the Washboard Labor; 
Liquid Bluing, used in Washing, never Specks the 

Cloth«8 ; 302 803 

Water Filter, Home Made, 816> 

Weeds, to Destroy in Walks, 8i7 


Brilliant Stncco Whitewash, will last on Brick or Stone 
Twenty to thirty years ; Whitewash, very nice for ,(> 

Rooms ; Paint to make without Lead or Oil ; White 
Paint, a new way of manufacturing : Black and Green v 
Paint Durable and Cheap for Out-Door Work; Milk 
Paint, for Barns, any Color, 326 32S 


Colon on Woollen Goods ; Chrome Black, Superior to 
ftta^ in 9Be ; Bl»9l^ on Wppl, for Afiztures ; Steel Mix, 






Dark ; Snuff Brown ; Madder Red \ Qtetm on Wool 
or SiVk, with Oak Bark ; Oreen with Fnstic ; Blue, 
Quick Process ; Stocking Yarn or Wool, to Color 
between a Blue and Purple ; Scarlet with Cochineal, 
for Yarn or Cloth ; Pink ; Orange ; Lao Bed ; Purple j 
Silver-Drab, Light Shade; Slate, on Woollen or Cotton ; 
Extract of lodigo or Cbemic, used in Coloring, to 
Make ; Wool, to cleanse ; Dark Colors, to Extract and 
jQsei-t Light '. ....MS 

Durable Colors on Cotton : Black ; Sky Bine ; LIbm 
Water and Strong Lime Water, to make for Coloring 
Puiiioses : Blue on Cotton or Linen, with Logwood ; 
Green ; Yellow ; Orange ; Red ; Muriate of Tin, 
Liquor to make 347 

Colors for Silk : Green, very handsome, with Oak Bark ; 
Greer, or Yellow, on Silk or Woollen, in five to fifteen 
minutes only ; Mtilberrr ; Black : Spots, to Remove 
and Prevent Spoiling when Coloring Black en Silk or, 
Woollen; Light Chemio Blue; Puiple Yellow ; Orange ; 
Crimson ; Cinnamon or Brown, on Cotton and Silk, 
by a New Process, very beautifiil, 940 850 


Interest Tables, ShoTving the Interest at a Glance : At 
Six, Seven, Eight, Nine aud Ten per Cent, on all Snm.1 
from One Dollar to One Thousand Dollars, from One 
Day to One Year, and for any number of Years ; Also, 
Legal Interest of all the Different States, and the 
Legal Consequences of taking or agreeing upon Usur- 
0U8 Rates in the Different States 36;K 



This Department embraces Tables of Rules for Adminis- 
tering Medicines, Having reference to Age and Sex : 
Ex;planations of Medical Abbreviations, Apothecaries' 
Weights and Measures ; also, an Explanation of abont 
Seven hundred Technical Terms found in Medleal 
Works, many of which are constantly occurring in the 
Common Writing and Literature of the Day, which 
are not explained in English Dictionaries, • . . Sfl S4Q 



.M■1%>.-1^•.•.I . •♦^••«»i>«t .,V'I,,M ■V« Itki^ 





Belle Biyer, Mid 

Bxtraets from Cerhfioatet and Diplomas ia tho Doetor'f PoMefwion, 
Comifletad with his Stady of Medicine : 

*' I hereby certify that A. W. Chase has prosecuted the Study 
of Medicine under my instmctioa during the term of two years 
iind sustaina a good moral character. 

l^iffned], O. B. REED, Physician. 

" UxivERsrrT op MicraoAN, ) 
^; College of Medicine and Surgery. ) 

This Certifies that A. W. Chase has attended a full Oourse of 
Lectures in this institution. 

[Signed], SILAS H. DOUGLASS, Dean. 

University of Michigan, Ann Ajrbci'." : , .. , 

BcLBcno Medicaj:. iNSTrruTB, Cin., 0. 
Know all men by thebo Presents that A. W. Chase has sus- 
tained an honorable examinaJon before the Faculty of this 
Institute, on all the departments of Medical Science, &c., * * 
Wherefore we, the Trustees and Faculty, * * * by the 
authority vested in us by the Legislature of the State of Ohio, do 
confer on liim the Degree of Doctor op Medicine. * »^*^' . *' ' ■ 

Wm. 3. PIERCE, President. 
. W, T. HURLBERT, Vice Preset. 
Jj& G. Henshall, Secretary. 

Signed also by seven Professors, embracing, the names 

CbSAX*] of Scudder , Bickley , Freeman, Newton, Baldridge, Jones, 

and Saunders.^ 


?,,*■■*» --^iK J. .S.A; 


■i'ii'» ^(^'^^iHfif)^' 

k- i'H,,t ' 



The following statements are given by my neighbors, to whom 
I had sent the eighth edition of my ^' Recipes," asking their 
opinions of its value for the people, most of whom had previoagly 
purchased earlier editions of the work, and several of them used 
many of the Recipes ; and surely their position in society must 
place their statements above all suspicion of complicity with the 
author in palming ofif a worthless book ; but are rlesigned to benefit 
the people by increasing the spread of genuine practical informa- 

Hon. AiiPEETJS Feloh, one of our first lawyers, formerly a Sen- 
ator in Congress, and also ex-Governor of Michigan, says : Please 
accept my thanks for the copy of your " Recipes," which you 
were so good as to send me. Tho book seems to me to contain 
much valuable practical information, and I liav« no doubt will bo 
oxtensively usehiL 


A. WmoBELL, Professor of Geology, Zoology and Botany, In 
UM Uniyersity of Michigan, and also State Geol<M^sfc, riys:— I nave 
examined a large number of Recipes in Dr. Chase's published 
collection, and from my knowledge, either experimental or 
theoretical, of many of them, and my confidence in Or. Chase'a 
carefttlness, judgment and conscientiousness in the selection pf 
such only as are proved useful, after full trial, I feel nohesitatt<m 
in saying that they may all be received with the utmost confidence 
in their practical value, except in those cases where tae JDcctor 
has himself qualified his recommendations. | 

James C. Watson, formerly Professor of Astronomy, and now 
Professor of Physics, in the University of Bfichigan, author cf m 
" Treaties on Comets," also of " Other Worlds, or the Wonders of 
t^e Telescope," says :— -I have examined your book of practical 
Recipes, and do not hesitate to say that so far as i2j observation 
and experience enable me to judge, it is a work which should find 
its way into every family in the land. The information which it 
contains could only have been collected by the most careAil and 
long continued research, and is such as is required in every day 
life. I can heartily recomT^end your work to the patronage of 
the public. ' f^mjc* »^-t:,m> 

Rev. L. D. Chapin, Pastoi tti the Presbyterian Church, savs^-n* 
Allow me to express to you my gratification in the perusal oxyonr 
book. I do not regard myself as qualified to speak in regard to 
the whole book, for you enter mio Departments in which I 
have no special knowledge, but where I understand the snbiect I 
find many things of much practical value for every practical man 
and house-keeper; and judging of those parts which I do not, by 
those Irhich I do understand, I think tQat you have fUmiSbed a 
book that most families can afford to have at any reasonable 

Rev. Geo. Smith, Presiding Elder of the M. R Chnrob, Ana 
Arbor, says : — I take pleasure in saying that so Hur as I have 
examined, I have reason ki believe that^our Recipes are gitauine, 
and riot intended as a caJtch-penny, but thmk any person purchasing 
it will get the worth of thtur money. 

Rev. Geo. Tatlob, Pastor of Ann Arbor and Dixboro M. IBL 
Church, writes as follows : — Aa per your request, I have careftilly 
examined your book of Reoipes, recently issued, and take pleasure 
in adding my testimony to the many you have already received, 
diat I regard it as tfie best compilation of Recipes 1 have ever 
seen. Se\\,ral of thesui Recipes we have used in our family for 
years, and count each of them worth the cost of your book. "^ 

Elder Samuel Cohneuus, Pastor of the Baptist Church, 
writes ; — I have looked over your book of " Information for 
Everybody," and as you ask my judgment of it, I say that it 
gives evidence of much industry aud care on the part of the 
compiler, and contains information which must be valuable to 



■' ;/ 




ttll efttttM of Ihftiaesi! men, In town and eotmtry, anA esfnacimiio 
all ftmilies who want to cook well, and have pleatant, healthy' 
drlnlor. eyYaps and jellies ; who wish to keep health when th^ 
enjo^ It or se^k for it in an economical way. I thank yon for the 
copy you sent to nie- and hope you may make a great many fami-^ 
lieti healthy and happy. 

ScY. F. A. Blades, of the M. E. Church, and Pastor in charge,' 
for two years of Ann Arbor Station, says : Dr. Chase — Dear Sir— 
Your work of Recipes I have examined, and used some of them 
for a ^ear past. I do not hesitate to pronounce it a valuable work, 
containing information for the million. 7 hope yon will sticoeed in 
cironlating it very generally ; it ie worthy a place in every house^ 

Thii gentleman speaks in the highest terms of the " Dyspeptic's 
Biscuit and Coffbe," as of other recipes used. 

BBfe&tACH & Co., Druggists, Ann Arbor, say : " We have been 
filling prescriptions from " Dr. Chase's Recipes," for three or four 
years, and freely say that wo do not know of any dissati^actUmi 
arising froni^ want of correctness ; but on the other hand, we know \ 
tbiit they give general satisfaction. ^ 

Rev. S. p.* tiiLDRETo, of Dresden, O., a former neighbor, inolo»- 
ing a recent letter, says : I have carefully examined your book, 
and regard it as containing a large amount of information which 
vfiW be very valuable in every household. 

*llEV. William C. Wat, of the M. E. Church Plymouth, Mich.»| 

Sys : X liave cured myself of Laryngitis, (inflammation of the^ 
roat), brought on by long continued and consknt public speak- 
^^St ^7 ^s^^S ^^- Chase's black oil, and also know a fever sore to 
have DOen cured upon a lady, by the use of the same article. ^, , 

■ ■■ -4. 'r^-;- ]: ■ _ • .• '•'^^''i 

M? '*■ 

/iiU.l ;/;. 



A Kew Book. — t)t Chase of this city, has laid on our table a 
new edition of his work, entitled " Dr. Chase's Recipes, or Infor- 
mation for everybody," for making all sorts of things, money not 
excepted.. We would not, however, convey the idea, that the Dr. 
tells you how to make spurious coin or counterfeit bills, but by 
practicing upon the maxims laid down in this work,money-making 
is tho certain result. Buy a book, and adopt tbe recipes in your 
households, on your farms, and in your business, and success is 
sure to follow. Tho work is neatly printed, beautifully bound, 
and undoubtedly embodies more information tiian any work of 
the kind now before the public. 

Students, or others, wishing to engage in selling a scdeabU work 
will do well to send for circulars describing the book, with terms 
to agentrf, Ac. for it is indeed a work which " Everybodjr" ought 
to have. — Jllichigan State News, Ann Arbor, " 



Db. a. W. chase, of this dtf, haft placed on our table • m^t 

of his " Recipes, or Infcrmation for Everybody." Beginning with 
a small pamphlet, the Doctor ha? swelled his work to a bound 
volume of about 400 pages ; an evidence that his labors are appre- 
ciated. The volume turnishes many recipes and much information 
of real practical value. — Michigan Argus, Ann Arbor, -^ , 

Db. CHASE'8 RECIPES.— The ninth edition of Dr. Chase's ' 
Recipes has been recently published, rev^ 3d, illustrated and en- 
larged ; comprising a very large collection of practieal information 
for business men, mechanics, artists, farmers, and for families 
generally. The recipes are accompanied with explanations and 
comments which greatly increase the value of the work. Xtii fii<% 
handsomely bound volume. — Ann Arbor Journal, yj >< 

Dr. chase, of Ann Arbor, has favoured us with a copy of his 
book of recipes, which has, in an unprecedented short time, reached 
the ninth edition, showing its popularity wherever it has been 
introduced. It contains " information for everybody." for making 
all sort£> of things. It is a valuable work for everyone, many 
single recipes being worth much more than the cost of the booK. 
Rev. Mr. Fraser, the gentlemanly agent for the work, is now in 
the city, and will call upon our citizens, giving them an opportu- 
nity to secure a copy. The work is neatly printed, elegantly 
bound, and undoubtedly embodies more useful information than 
any work of the kind now before the public, a better investment, 
cannot be made by any one. — Grand Bapids Mgle, ,^ 

Db. chase, of Ann Arbor, has favored us with a copy of 
Recipes which he has published, * * * ^ho claiois that 
the^ have been made up from his own and others' every day ex- 
perience. There are certainly a great many usefhl recipe* in .1 
work that might be found to richly repay its cost to ^ny Ifbmily^^ 
Michiaan thrmer, DetroU, ;: i • . , ^^ •; ; i 

The following wholesale dealenr of Detroit, and others with 
whom I have dealt for years, say : We have been acquainted with 
Or. A. W. Chase for several years in the Drug and Grocery busi- 
ness, and we are well satisfied that he would not do a bn8io<tiM 
vMch he did not know was all right. His information in ttte form 
of recipes can be depended upon. .^ .^ , ,.«,^;» ..; ', 

GEO. BEARD, Dealer in Oysters and Fruit, Detroit. 4« «« 
WU. PHELPS & CO., Confectioners, Detroit, Miohigan. ^ 
JOHN J. BA6LEY, Tobacconist, Detroit, Michigan. s* 

SAMUEL J. REDFIELD, M. D., Wyandotte, Michigaii; ' ' '** 
RICHARD MEAD, Merchant, Bark Shanty, Michigan. :J^if, 
JOHN ROBERTSON, Captain of Steamer Clifton. ,,^ ^ JJ 
f H. FISH, Captain of Steamer Sam Ward. « w« i 

0. A. BLOOD, former partner, Belle River, Miohigii«-^i#^i« 




Rkt. G p. Nash, of Muekogon, Nich., writes Dr. Cbas& Dear Sir: Some time 
rinoe one of yoar agents «anva8sed our tovni for year *'6ook of Recipes," bot 
thinking it, perhaps, one of the humbugs of the day, I neglected my oppor'jmilty 
to procure on& The IxMks, however, were sold to our neighbors about us, and 
my wife borrowed one In order to tost a tew of its Recipes; she found them all 
genaine, sofiurasshe tried them: and now very much regrets that we did not 
procure one; shu considers them invaluable. The object of this note is to inquire 
whether you have the lx)ok for sale, and whether you can procure one by sending 
yoo the necessanr fUuda If so, we will send by return of mail, upon receipt of 
jrour answer. If not, can you,— and will you be so kind as to— inform us where 
And bow we can procure one f 

P. &— Enckxsed please find a directed and prepaid envelope for your reply. 

FitKDKRioK Bitxs, Vinegar Manufacturer, of Frecport, 111., says: Dr. Chase's plan 
jtt making Vinegar is purely scientific, and I am making it with entire succesa 

'^ J. M. Chasb. Caneadea, N. T.. says: Your Vinegar is all right More than forty 
■en tasted it last ^'aturday, ana they to a mau say that it is the best and pleas- 
■ntest they ever saw. 

J. Clark, of ConneautvlUe, Pa, said to me he had made $500 in four months 
finun the Vinegar Recipe. 

L. Wbbib, Grocer, of Crestline, O., says. May 26, '59 : I purchased Dr. Chase's 
Bock about a year ago, and have made and sold the Vinegar at a profli of about 
fbrtydollars on nine barrels. These statements refer to the "Vinegar in Three 
Days Without Drugs." 

H. W. Lord and B. Fox, Grocers, of Pontiac, Mich., say: We have kept naaa 
two years by Dr. Chase's process, as good as when put down. 

L. Howard, Hotel Keeper (of the firm of Kimball & Howard), Waverly House, 
Elgin, III, says: We used eggs in Juno of this year which were laid down in May 
of last year, by a pl^ Just the same as Dr. Chase's, a^d they were Just as good as 
fkesh eggs, and as clean and nice in every way. 

Wx. BiTSS, of the firm of Robinson ti Co., Grocers, of Erie, Pa., says : I have 
tried a recipe similar to Dr. Chase's egg preserving recipe, for several years, with 
perfect success; and fkeely recommend it to any one wishing to deal in egga 

JoBR A. VAVHORir, Merchant, of Marshall. Mick, says: I have been acquainted 
with Hr. Chase's plan of keepinig eggs for five years, and know that it wiU keep 
them as nice as firesh egga 

T. L, SravBca, Merchant, of Paw Paw, Mich., says: That he is acquainted with 
Itae samie thing, and knows that it is good. 

Cbavk. & GoAviB, Grocers, at Ottawa, III., say, they paid ten dollars for the egg 
preserving recipe. I know tiro nc en, one of which paid a hundred dollars, and the 
other one hundred and twenty-five dollars for a part only of the Vinegar recipea 

HonrBRBT Ik FaUiOr, Druggists, of Bucyrus, Ohio, say: Dr. Chase's Red Ink is 
•aperlor to Harrison's Colombian Ink, and also that his Burning Fluid can have 

Uuxam it Davis, Bankers, Ann Arbor, Mich., say: We have tried Dr. Chase's 
(Pommon Inlc, and find it a good article. 

' Ro^krt Hiavt, Jr., Druggist, of Hendry sburg, O., says: I have irfed several of 
your recipes, and so far find them good. The Eye Water gives good Batisfoctioia; 
the Good (Samaritan takes the place of all otbrr Liniments in the shop ; Tho Green 
Mountain Salve takes well for plasters, and Mead's Sovereign Ointment is doing for 
■ae what no other medicine has done, it is curing a sore on my back which has baf- 
fled aN applications for more than two years; one doctor called it Tetter, another 
EiysipeiaB. It began like a Ring Worm, and slowly spread with the tnost in^lera- 
ble itohing; it is now nearly well, with only two weeks use of the ointment. 

Dr. a. & Wrtir, Eclectic Physician^ of Battle Creek, Mich., says : Either of 
Dr. Chase's preparations for the Ague is worth double what he asks tot thewholo 
list of recipes. 

Pbov. a. H. Fi^tt, M. D,, of Antiooh College, Yellow Springm^ O., says : To the 
MMiOAlftolhHloii: Tbiicerttflflt that the recipe in Dr. Ohaae'i CoUsoUob, fo| 




Some time 
tcipes," but 
»out us, and 
nd them all 

we did not 
is to inquire 
) by sending 
)D receipt of 
rm us where 

ir reply. 
Chase's plan 

re than forty 
fit aud pleas* 

fbur months 

1 Dr. Ghaae'a 
•ohi of about 
gar in Three 

re kept lOGa 

iverly House, 
down in Hay 

lys : I have 
years, with 

|n acquainted 
it wiU keep 

luainted with 

J for the egg 
War recipea 

Is Red Ink is 
id can haya 

i Dr. Gbase'i 

bd several of 
>; The Green 
, is doing for 
Iter, another 

Either of 
tor thewhola 

kyi : To the 


t^ van of ITnKani HnouiHiGn, is original with me, and hai been tiaed la my 

|)ractice for nearly twenty years, without a single fidlura 

L. S. HoDOKCis, of Reading, Mich., says: I have cured my wift of Ouoer ci 
four years' standing, with one of Dr. Chase's Cancer Cures. 1 know It lio cored 
others also. 

W. J. Cook, M. D., of Mendota, IlL, says: I have examined Dr. Chase's reeipei^ 
and find two or three worth more than he asks for the whole collection. 

T. W. Chvroh, Dentist^ of Coldwater, Mich., says: I have been ac4|fiahited with 
Dr. Chase and his book of recipes fbr about two years: all 1 have teeUid are (boBd 
to be practical; and his prescription for my father, in paralysia, was foond to bo 
Qoro effectual iu giving relief^ than that of any other Physician. 

The editor of the Ann Arbor Local News says: We have thoroughly ezamteed 
the work published by A. W. Chase, M. D., entitled " Dr. « base's Redpes," and 
believe it to be a most valuable book for everybody. There is not, in our opinkm, 
a single recipe contained in it tliat is not of great practical usei 

N. 8. Rbbd, Harness Maker, of Mansfield, Ohio, says: 7 have used Dr. Cliase's 
Tarnish Blacking for Harness, over three years, and say it is tne oest I ever osed. 

J. & D. MiMOE, Tanners, of Bucyrus, O., says: We are using Dr. Chase's tauiiBg 
and finishing recipes with good satisfaction. 

Mas. Morris, of Lima, near Ann Arbor, Mich. , says : I am nidng Dr. Chase's 
Washing Fluid, and have found it to be a very valuable recipe, and 1 would, notdo 
a washing without its aid for half the price of the book, weekly. 

Stkpher AtLRN, of Adrian, Mich., says: We have used A. W. Chase's Washing 
Fluid for two years, and my wife says she would not do without It for tea doUan 
a year, and it does not injure the clothes but saves all bleaching. 

Jacob Sohobk, of East Saginaw, Mich., says: The recipe of Dr. Chase's Wsdilag 
Fluid is genuine, and like the same which 1 manufactured and sold fbr nine yeam 
in Vienna, the capital of Austria in Europe. 

H. W. DoNNBLLT, Post Master of Parma, Mich., says : My fkmily have used a 
preparation in washing for ten years, similar to Dr. Chase's; and we know It to be 
practical and valuable Be said to a farmer, who asked his opinion of tiie book, 
buy one, says he, that recipe alone is worth the whole price a doxen iimm. 

The editor of the Country Gentleman says of the Washing Fluid, fh>m several 
years' experience, that clothes not only watsh easier, but took better, and last ft|ll/ 
as long as when washed in the old way. y 

The Author knows that shirts will last twice as long, fbr the board mbbing 
wears them out faster than body wear, and as two-thirds of that mbbing fi saved, 
the wear is of course saved. 

OiDKON Howell, of Oramel, N. T., says: I have drank. elder two yoars old (kept 
by one of Dr. Chase's recipes), as good as when put up, and did not cost one-kial' 
of a cent per barrel to prepare it 

Sebldor Berks, a f^umer of Cary, Ohio, says: I put away dder tn November, 
by one of Dr. Chase's recipea to preserve cider, and it is now, in March, as good 
_ as when first made. 

. MES8R& J. W. Bell and P. Mower. Blacksmiths, of New Vienna, Ohio, Anxnst 
< 11, 1869, says : Dr. A. W. Chase, Dear Sir— We have tried your process for ro- 
cutting files and are happy to say to you that it works weU, and we desire yon 
also to sund us the recipe for welding cast-steel without borax, which was fbrgot- 
ten when wo obtained the other. [I sold to them befbre these recipes were 
printed in the book.] 

Joff't Miser, Blacksmith, of Washingtou, Ohio, says : June 20, 1860, Dr. Chase 
tried his file cutting process in my shop last night, and I am fsatisfled that it is a 
good thing, and have purchased his book. 

Wm. Russrll. Blacksmith, of Princeton, Ind., says: May 7, 1800, 1 parohased 
Dr Chase's book of recipes this afternoon, and nave tested the redpe for temper* 
ing mill-picks to my perfect satisfaction, and also of the miller who need them, 
they out glass also very nicely. 

J. KimmuMy. MUlpr in Union Mills, Unlcm, Pa., says: Ang. 20, 1800. Mr. Todd. 
^Blockamith of this place, put one dollar in my luuidB to be given to Dr. Qum 11 




hit MU-piok foffipo^ilg tl«e!pe gave Batisflkction upon test, and tbe Dootor gained 
the money. 

' O. €. SoHonsu), or ConnefttviUe, Pa. , myn : After using Wood^s Hair Restora- 
tive wtthoui ben«nt, I hnve now a good bead of hair from using a Restorative simi- 
lar to Dr. Chase's, and I Imow his to be a superior article. 

O. B. Baxos, of Napolfaon, Mich., says: Dr. Chase, Dear Sir: Allow me to say, 

by using your Hair Restorative once a day, for two weeics, gave me a beautirul dark 

bead of faeir in place of silver-grey, which had been my coupauiun for years, and 

•Itkoagh I have not now used it in four months, yet my hair retains its beautiful 

M dark44>pearance, and is soft and pliable as iu youth ; if it was used once a day for 

J two weeks, and then two or three days only, every two months, no gray hair 

; would ever appear. The expense of it is so very trifling, also, no one would fce^ 

' ,U, as ZH pints coat only from 25 to 30 cents. 

flf ' ' -T. ShAw, Cabinet Maker, of Westfleld, N. Y., says : I have used Dr. Chase's , 
' preparation in finishing furniture, abou^ five years, and know it is good, and bet* 
r ter than any otiier thing I have used in thirty-five years. 

' Jonathan Hiogins, Farmer, of West Union, Adams Co., Ohio, says: I have need 
llr. Chase's treatment for colic in horses, for the last twelve to fifteen years, with 
perfect success, and also on myself with as perfect satisfaction; and my wife say« 
She likes Mra Quise's ijuckwheat ghort-cake better than the griddle-cake, and it 

V is not bait the trouble to make n. 
A. Fu^oa, of Jackson, O. . says : Having cured many horses of Spavins antt Big* 
head with a preparation similar to Dr. Chase's Ring-bone and Spavin cure, I am 
Dree to say that this Recipe is worth more than the whole price of the book to all 
who are dealiui? in horses. It also cures curbs, callouses, inflammations, &&, &a, 
and this I know ftom twenty years' experience in staging. 

J. U. LowBT, of Pomeroy, 0., says : I have successf lUy treated more than 90 
cases of Dots, vrith Dr. Chase's remedy for that disease. 

W. W. BoBBnni, of Millwood, O., says : I purchased one of Dr. Chase's books 
•bout two > ears ago, and have usod a nrnnlier of tbe recipes, and I find cdl I have 
tried give entire satis&otion; and I now want your last edition. 

^'■"^"^'"tL L. HuRTON, a glcve manufacturer at Oloveraville, in. Y., says : I have never 
IbBom any preparation for removing paint from clothes equal to Dr. Chase's reno« 
TStin^ Mixture. From experience. 

'i , Baux SiBSOV, an oil Farrier and Farmer of Crown Point, Essex Co., N. Y., 

' infa . I have used Dr. Chase's Kittridgb and Green OiNracENTs for several years, 

c^ H «man Flesh and on horses, iu bruises and deep sores, with better success than 

«By ether proparatioa which I have ever used, and know they are no humbug, but 

^ we worthy of very great confidence. 

Houv Storms, Dyer and Manufacturer, at Ann Arbor, August 6, 1869, says : I 
have examined and revised Dr. C^^^se's Colouring Recipes, and am satisfied that 
they >iro practical and good; I ha\ also furnished him some valuable recipes ir 
that line. | 

J t "Ite. Cbask's Recipks : or, Inpormatioit for EvBRTBony." — A work of 38^'' 
ingeif now passing through our pr?s5v, treating upon eome four hundred different 
eub(iejts— over Eight Hundred Recipes— being interspersed with suflicient Wit and 
Wisdjm to make it interesting as a general Reading Book, besides the fact that it 
embiices o:ily such subjects as have a practiciil adaptability to "Everybody's" 
JEvery-Day Use, makes it certainly worthy of univevsai favor. From the Author's 
great care and watchftilness in personally supervising its preparation for stereo- 

' (ypiog, «nd f-om the correctness of its general teachings, after examination of the 
proof sheets, we feel satisfied that no person will ever regret its purchase. As it ia 
■aid only by Itavelling Agents, and only one agent in a County, none, who can 
ponMy avoid it, should allow the work to pass without obtaining a copy. 

It Is only necessary to examine the " Descriptive Circular," to satisfy evenr 
reomiabla vonon of the truth of oar Btatemeuts, Its vaittg lutvo abwu^ readied 
9V&t 100,000 copiee— tuts being the 2itb edition. , . ,,<,« y.-' - -'> ^i • '^w^Z'^i- ^ 


16 Doctor gained 


Vb Hair Restora- 

LI low me to my, 
>n for years, and 
tins its beautiful 
d once a day for 
s, no gray hair 
> one would foej 

Bed Dr. CSiase's, 

lys: Ihavetiee<} 
rteen years, ivitb 
id my wife sayt 
idle-cake, and it 

Spavins antt Big* 
avin cure, I am 
r the book to all 
itions, &a, &;a, 

d mote than 9Q 

r. Cbase^s booki 

I have never 
Chase's reno« 

sex Co.,N. Y., 
several years, 
er success than 
ko humbug, but 

I8II>9, says : I 
satisfied thai 
table recipes ir 

Wbrk of 38*'' 
idred different 
Qoient Witand 
tbo fact that it 
Everybody's " 
n the Author's 
on for stereo- 

ination of the 
iase. As it is 

one, who can 

satisfy every 

^': -:y4,'^ :-rK 

■■> •■'•'■ . f 



:\ • 


:■:■ :<?.- > 



■:l^' ■■•! 

VINEGAB. — Merchants ^nd Grocers wlio retail vip^af 
should always have it made under their own eye, if possible, 
from the fact that so many unprincipled men enter into its 
manufacture, as it affords such a large profit. And I would 
further remark, that there is hardly any article of domestio 
use, upon which the mass of the people have as little correct 
information, as upon the subject of making vinegar. I shall 
be brief in my remarks upon the different points of the 
subject, yet I shall give all the knowledge necessary, that 
families, or those wishing to manufacture, may be able to 
have the best article and at moderate figures. Bemember 
this fact — that vinegar must have air as well as warmth, 
and especially is this necessary if you desire to make it in 
a short space of time. And if at any time it seems to be 
** Dying," as is usually called, add molasses, sugar, alcohol, 
or cider — ^whichever article you are making from, or prefer 
— for vinegar is an industrious fellow ; he will either work 
or die, and when he begins to die you may know he has 
worked up all the material in his shop, and wants more. 
.Remember this in all vinegars, and they will never die, if 
they have air. First, then, upon a small scale, for family 


To Make in Three Weeks. — ^Molasses 1 qt. ; yeast 1 pt. ; 
warm rain water 3 gala. Put all into a jug or keg and tie a 
piece of gauze over the bung to keep out flies and let in air. In 
hot weather set it iu the sun, in cold weather set it by the stove 
or iu the chimney corner, and in three weeks you will have ^jood 

Wliea this is getting low pour oiit some for use, 8^4 fiU 




vp the jug, in the same proportion as at firflt, and yoa iviU 
never have trouble for want of good vinegar. 

2. A correspondent of the Dollar Newspaper says : " The 
cheapest mode of maki^ig good vinegar is, to mix 5 qts of warm 
rain water with 2 qts, of Orleans molasses, and 4 qts. of yeast 
In a few weeks you will have the best vinegar yoa ever tasted." 
He might well say, " The best vinegar you ever tasted," for it 
would have double the necessary strength, and three or four 
times the strength of much that is sold ; yet this strength would 
cost less to make, than to buy by the quart. 

3. In Barrels Without Trouble. — Merchants and 
Grocers, who retail vinegar, can always keep a good supply 
OA hand by having about two or three barrels out of which 
to sell, by filling the first one they leli out, before quite 
empty, with 

Molasses 1 gal. ; soft water 11 gals. 

Keeping this proportion to fill the barrel; the vinegar 
and mother which is left in the barrel makes it work much 
quicker than if put into empty barrels; so pas8 around on ^ 
the next barrel as it is nearly out, having three barrels, and 
unless you sell more than a barrel a week, you need never 
be out of vinegar. Some recommend to use alum, cream 
of tartar, &c., in vinegar, but / say never. It is always 
advisable to have a hole in the top of the barrel, if standing 
on end ; if on the side, the bung out and a gauze q^er it, 
to keep ou^ flies and lei. air in. - ^ ,^ .0 

4. From Sugar, Drippings from SuoAt'Ho€li3E[EADS, 
"&0. — Dealers who retail molasses, often have from five to 

fifty pounds of sugar left in. the barrel after selling out the 
molasses. Eaci pound of this, or other sugar, dissolved in 
two gallons of soft water, makes that amount of good vine- 
gar by either of the above plans. Rinsings of molasses 
barrels or drippings of sugar hogsheads brought to this de- 
gree of sweetness, is as good for vinegar as any other mate- 
rial. Small beer, lager beer, ale, &c., which have become 
sour, make good vinegar by reducing with water; small 
beer will need but little water ; lager beer will need as much 
water as beer, or a little more ; and ale, twice as much 
water as ale ; they will all need yeast, a quart or two to . 
each barrel; unless put into barrels which have some, vino*! 


some. Tiue*; 

gar in fthem, and it will do no harm, but quicken the pro- 
cess iQ all cases if there is vinegar in the barrel. 

6. F«»oM Acetic Acid and MoLAsaES.— -Acetic acid 4 lbs. ; 
molasBCB 1 gal. ; put them into a 40 gallon cask, and fill it up with 
rain water ; shake it up and let stand from one to three weeks, 
and the result is good vinegar. 

If this does not make it as sharp as you like, add a little 
more molasses. But some will object to this because an 
acid is used ; let me say to such, that acetic acid is concen- 
trated vinegar. Take 1 lb. or 1 pt. or any other quantity 
of this acid, and add seven times as much soft water, and 
you have just as good vinegar as nan be made from cider, 
md ihsiinstantaneously. 

6. From Apple Cider. — As there are those who will 
not have any but cider vinegar, and have plenty of cider 
out of which to make it, I will give you the best plan of 
proceeding for manufacturers : 

Have a room where it will not freeze ; place on end as many 
barrels or large casks, without heads, to hold as much as you wish ^ 
to make ; fill these one-third full of soft water, and the .other two* 
thirds with apple cider ; yeast two qts. to each cask. 

In a few weeks you will have good vinegar ; without the 
yeast it would be all the season in becoming good. Then 
fill up into, barrels for sale, leaving a little, say one-eighth, 
in the- open barrels, and fill them up with water and cider 
as before, aiM it will become good much quicker than be- 
fore. If the water is objected to, use the cider without it, 
but pure cider makes vinegar too strong for any one to use, 
and requires much longer time in making. Th^se barrels 
may have boards over them to keep out flies and dirt. If 
the retailer can give it his attention, by having a barrel of 
good cider vinegar to sell out of, he can always k^ep it up, 
if, when he draws out two or three gallons of the vinegar, 
he will go to his cider, kept for the purpose, and replaco 
the vinegar with the cider; or if making with molasses 'and 
water or any other article, fill up with the same; but take 
notice, if you forget or neglect, and draw your vinegar 
nearly all out before you fill in, it does not keep to th& point 
of sharpness desired, unless you have two or three barrds, 
M mentioned in recipe No, 3. 






FdMOiui yftho have old sour cider on hand can in this^ay^ 
or as mentioned in No. 6, have good vinegar from it imme^ 
diately, as it comes around inta vinoFar much 9niAke^ than 
new cider. 




^,«, ,■ 

■ ■ 

1 . 1 



' > 



■t , 

«'■ '■ 




S'.' ^'-^ S ''■:. 






■A:' . 

■■:::: XM 

> . ..-4 •<<■■- 

• ' -v 
\r 7, I» ThrM Days WiTHbttTDRtTOs.— The p'iiloseypby 

61 xnaldng vinegar quickly is this : The means that will 

expose the largest surface of the vinegar fluid^ oi a certain 

temperature, to the air, will convert it into vinegar in the 

diortest time ; and as there is no way hy which so great a 

sorfiioe can be exposed as by the shaving process, and at 

ike same time control the temperature, that plan has been 

•dflftied^ as explained in the foUowIng descriptive note : 

!' > '^ 

\ ' .: 

DBiORiFTrnB NoTB.— Those wishing to manufttetnre, to sell at 
wholesale, will prepare a tub or square box, the taller and larger 
the tub, the quicker will the vinegar become good. The air holes 
ai^ bored through every other, or every third stave, around the 
whole tub. These holes are to be about one foot or eighteen 
indtes from the bottom ; they must also be bored slanting down 
afe you bore inward, otherwise the vinegar would run out and 
waste as it drips down the side of the tub. These tubs ought ^^ 
to be from ten to twenty feet high, according to the quantity f j 
you desire to run off daily. Now take beeob, ma|^e or bais* ^i 


wood boards, and thej are valuable in the order named, out 
them off about eighteen inches in length, and plane thick* 
heavy shavings from the edges ; and if they do not roll up and 
stay in nice rolls, you must roll and tie them Up with small cord * 
or clean corn cobs will do, but they will only last one season, 
whilst the shavings will last several years. If cobs are used, 
they must be put in layers, each layer crossing the other, to pre- 
vent their packing too close. Then wet or soak them thoroughly 
in water, and fill up the tub or tubs with them, until you are 
within two or three feet of the to]), at which place you will nail 
a stout hoop around, upon the inside of the tub, which shaU 
support the /a2.Y6 top, which has been made and» fitted for that 
purpose, through which false top you will have bored good sized 
gimlet holes about every two inches all over its whole surtace, 
through each of which holes a small cord, about four or five 
inches in length, is to be drawn, having a knot tied upon its 
upper end to keep it in its place, and to prevent the vinegar- 
{fluid from working out too fast. The size of these holes, and 
the size of the cord, must be such as to allow the amount of 
[vinegar being made to run through every twelve hours, or if 
Itime can be given to put it up so often, it may run through every 
Isiic hours. You will cork all around between the false top and 
he tub with cotton, which causes the vinegar-fluid, hereafter to 
)e described, to pass through the gimlet holes and drip from the 
Bnds of the small cords, evenly, all over the shavings, other- 
rise, if the false top was not exactly level, the vinegar-fluid 
rould all run off at the lowest point, down the side of th& lub, 
id be a very long time in becoming good, whilst if it drips 
slowly and all over and down through the shavings, it soon 
somes around into good vinegar. The holes bored for that pur- 
pose, in warm weather, oxidizes or acetifies the vinegar-fluid, by 
affording the tuoo essential points of quickly making good vinegar, 
iiat is, air and heat, without the expense of a fire to warm the 
laid, or room in which the vinegar is made. Now bore five 
)ne-lnch holes through the false top, one of them through the 
sentre, and the others two-thirds of the distance oach way, 
towards the outside of the tub, into which holes drive as many 
bins, having a three-quarter inch hole bored through them 
lengthwise, which makes them tubes ; cut the tubes off an inch 
Selow the top of the tub, so as to be out of the way of the maiis 
sover or loose boards which will be thrown over the top of the 
kib for the purpose of keeping out flies and dirt, and also to 
^eep the heated air in, which comes up through the tubes ; this 
jiir becomes heated by the chemical action of the air upon the 
inegar-fluid as it drips along down through the shavings in the 
lb, becoming so hot that it would be uncomfortable to bold the 
^and therein.^ The space between the false top and the cover 
called the vinegar-fluid space, and it must be sufficiently tight 
I the joints of the tub, or box, to hold the fluid when put in. 
I^ow take a barrel of good vinegar and pour it into the top of 

•5*94 , 

'■^si^S'S", ■ 

J ','■: 







the tub, and let it drip through the gimlet holes, from the oordfl, 
over the shavings, two or three times, each time puttiog Iq one 
gallon of hip:h wines, or two or three gallons of cider, as the case 
aay be, which soiire the shavings and greatly helps the starting 
process of the vinegar-making. Without the addition to the 
fltrength of the vinegar as it runs through, it would part with 
nearly all of its own strenglh or acidity, to the shavmgs, and 
thus lose its own life. If you have not, nor cannot obtain, vin- 
egar, to start with, you must begin with weak vinegar-fluid, and 
keep adding to it every time through until it becomes very sour ; 
then vou will consider yourself ready to begin to make vinegar in 
double quick tllne, by using any of the fluids mentioned in the 
foregoing vinegar recipes. But manufacturers generally use 
highwines thirty to forty per cent above proof, one gallon ; water, 
eleven gallons ; but persons living a great distance from market 
will find a cheaper plan by using ninety-eight per cent alcohol, 
one gallon ; water, fifteen gallons ; either of which make good 
vinegar, using yeast, of course, with either article, from one 
pinC to one quart to each barrel being made. Another tub or 
vat must be set in the ground, under the generator, or in a cellar, 
as the case may be, to hold as much vinegar as the space be- 
tween the false and real top will conta'i, or as much as you 
wish to make at one time ; from which it is to be carried up in 
buckets, (or a wooden pump havmg a leather sucker is quicker 
and easier to ra'se it), to the top of the generator, until it be- 
comes good vin<?gar, which it will do in the time mentioned at 
the head of this recipe, if passed through the generator by the 
faucet every twelve hours, which it must be ; and if the tubes are 
fifteen or twenty feet high, it will onl* need passing through once, 
or twice at most 

Some will have no vinegar but that made from apple 
oidcr ; then put in one-third water, and it makes vinegar as 
strong as anybody ought to use ; but if they will have it at 
full strength, make it so, only it requires ^ Httle longer time 

to make, .•-■.ru./ ^ • ■.,.: , " -'>;^::?r.. ,/? 

If those who have cider which has been standing a long 
time, and does not become vinegar, will reduce it one-third| 
with water, and pass it through this machine, they will 
grind out first-rate vinegar in one or two days' time. Sour 
beer or ale, the artificial cider, also, if it gets sour, make 
good vinegar when mixed with some other vinegar in mak- 
ing. Small beer, also drippings from sugar hogsheads in 
place of molasses, &o. Nothing having sugar or alcohol in 
it should be thrown away, as all will make good vinegar, 
which is as good as cash, and ought i: be saved — if for no 
other purpose than to have the more to give the worthy poor. 


It was at first thought to be absolutely necessary to make 
the vinegar-fluid of about seventy-five degrees of heat, and 
also to keep the room of tlic same temperature ; but it has 
been found that by keeping the heat in the tub by the false 
top and the loose cover, that in warm weather it does very 
well without heating up the fluid, although it would make a 
little quicker with it ; and if desired to make in cold weather^, 
you must heat the fluid and keep the room warm also. 

If families choose to try this plan, they can make all 
they will need in a keg not larger than a common churn, 
whilst wholesalers will use tubs as tall as their roome will 

The first merchant to whom I sold this recipe, made all 
the vinegar he could retail by placing strips of Doard across 
the centre of a whisky barrel, which supported the shavings 
in the upper half only, allowing the vinegar to stand in the 
lower half, as his room was so low he could only use the 
one barrel and a wash-tub at the top instead of the false top 
and space as previously represented ; it took him only a week 
to make in this way. I used the vinegar over a year. 
The strength of the fluid he used was good common whisky, 
one gal. ; water four gals. So it will be seer, that all 
kinds of spirit, or articles containing spirit, cuu be made 
; into vinegar. 

Remark. — If you wish to make 8ugar into vinegar, do not at- 
jtemp to run it through the geneuator, as it forms mother in that 
I way. and Boon fills up the little holes; but make it by standing 
[in a barrel, as mentioned under that head, No. 4. 

8. Quick Process by Standino upon Shavings.-— Take four or 

[five hogsheads or casks, and set them side by side, having a 

[faucet near the bottom ; then fill up the casks full of shavings, 

prepared as in the foregoing recipe, or clean corn-cobs, puttiug 

lOme turning shavings over the top, after having put on an old 
coffee sack to keep the fine shavings from falling down among the 
coarse ones: this is to keep in the warmth; noir sour the 
shavings with the best vinegar, by throwing it on the shavings 
and letting it stand half a day or so ; then draw off by the fau- 
cet at the bottom, and throw it on again, adding 1 qt. of high- 
wines to each barrel each time you draw it off, as the shavings 
absorb the acid, and the vinegar would become flat, but by adding 
the spirit the shavings become soured or acetified, and th« 
vinegar gets better also. When the shavings are right, take 
hwines 30 or 40 per cent, above proof 1 gal. ; molasses 1 qt j 

Pit water H gals. | (river or ;/ ell water wiU dO; but not w good 


" t — 


1)B. Phase's BEciPSS. 




for any vinegar), and put it npon the shavings, and draw off and 
'fmt on again from one to three times daily, until eufficientiy sotu 
td* barrel up. 

.^, i t.tfl ■..'w ■ 

'l\K'C^<^ ^M - i"''Vi^' 


^ Mr. Jackson, a ^.ocer, of Jackson, Michigan, has been 
making in this way for several years. He uses also, sour 
ale, rinsings of sugar hogsheads, or the drippings, and 
throws this fluid on the shavings, and draws ofl:*and return^, 
from one to three times each day until sufficiently sour to 
barrel up, which only requires a few drawings ; he then fills 
his barrels only two-tb^*rds full, and leaves the bungs out 
summer and winter, and if be finds a barrel is getting weak 
in strength, he puts in a quart of highwines, which recruitf 
the strength, or gives it work again, which, as I remarkeo 
before, if you give him stock to work on, and air, he labon 
— without both, he dies. Bear this in mind, and your vin 
egar will improve all the time, no matter how or of what ii 
13 made. He fills the tubs only one-third or one-half fuli 
when makikjg, does not heat, but uses yeast, and only worki 
them in wann weathe.*, and in winter fills the tubs witl 
good vinegar and lets them stand over until spring, wheii 
they are ready for work again. ^ -^ ^ ^- ^ ;*;;•:> 

This man, with five casks thus managed, has sold oye; 
three hundred barrels of vinegar in one season. 

It might not be amiss, in closing this long subject, to st 
that when you have no vinegar to begin with in either o 
the processes, that if you commence with tho fluid qu/tf 
weak at first, it begins to sour quicker than if begun with a| 
iull strength, then as it begins to become sour, add luore (' 
the spirit, cider, sugar, or molasses, &c., wntil you get thj 
<iesired point of strength. So you might go on until I 
swallow of it would strangle a man to death, and remo^ i 
-every particle of skin from his throat. -^ ' ^ ? ^ ' *• ' ^ -t> «i f 

^'^^uftrER.— To Pbeservb'Ant Lbnotii OP Tn«B. — ^Firet, wor 
rout all of the buttermilk. Second, use rock salt. Tbi'id, pack 
^ V^^'-tight jars or cans. Fourth, keep in a cool place, p.ndi you wi 
* '^ have nice butter )or years, if desired to keep so long. A sho 
^ ' ^ ;ecip0/ but it makes long butter. 

MerohaUvS who take in more . butter than they pan sf % 
riner the warm months, can put it into, 
Dut half an inch of lard ov^r t. 






isSfUi^ place it in the cellar] or Ihey cou put about 

I all ( 


or d 

the 1 








it fi( 





draw off and 
ifficiently sour 

in, has been 

les also, sour 

ippings, and I 

f and returi " 

ntlj sour to| 

he then fills 

c bungs out 

getting weal I 

hich recruitf 

I remarkec 

lir, he labon 

nd your vin 

OT of what i; 

one-half fuli 

d only worki 

le tubs witjj 

spring, wheif 

las sold oye; 

ibject, to ev , 
in either o 
fluid qu/ti 
egun with a| 
add iiiore (' 
you get tih 
) on until 
and remo^ u 

...,..,., f 

—First, woii 
rhi'.d, packf 
, nnd, you v 
>ng. A, she 

i (-'Km ' 

hey pan sf| 
ad coT3r m 
I of the bul 
at about 


bK or two of brine in place of the lard, and liave it do 
[well, first working out all tho buttermilk which may remain, 
when bought in. It would be well for them to have their 
[regular customers to furnish them butter, to whom thev 
furiiish the ri^ht kind of salt, as the rock, or crystal salt, 
does not contain so much lime as the commoii, which is 
evaporated by artificial heat. Let sugar, and saltpetre, and 
Jail other petres, alone, if you wish good butter, either for 
[present use or long keeping. 

2. Making— DmEcnoNS for Dairymen.— If butter makers 
or dairymen will use only shallow pans for their milk--and 
the larger *he surface, and the less the depth of the milk the 
better — xhen put into each pan, before straining, 1 qt.of cold 
spring water to every 3 qts. of milk, they will find the cream 
will begin to rise immediately, and skim every 12 hours, the 
butter will be free from all strong taste arising from leaves, or 
coanse pasturage. 

It is a fact, also, that high or upland makes better buttet 
than when the cows are kept on rich bottom pasturage. The 
object of the cold water is double : it cools the milk, so that 
the cream rises before the milk sours, (for when milk be- 
comes iour it furnishes no more cream,) and also improves 
thefiavor;' '^ : "' ' • ' ' 'J* '' 

3. Storing— The (Illinois) Prairie Farmer's Method.— First 
work the buttermilk carefully from the butter ; then pack it 
closely in jars, laying a thin cloth on top of the butter, then a 
thin layer of salt upon the cloth ; now have u. dry cellar, or make 
it 60 by drainiag, and dig a hole in the bottom of it for each jar, 
packing the dirt clusel;y and tightly around tho jar, allowing the 
tops of the jars to stand only an inch or so above tho top ot tho 
cellar bottom ; now place a board with a weight upon each jar to 
preT'ent removing by accident, and aU is safe. ' ^ ^--'^ v 

Merch^tits who are buying in butter, should keep each 
different lot separate, by using the thin cloth and salt ; then 
another cloth over the salt before putting in the next lot, fox 
mixed butter will soon spoil, besides not selling as well, and 
Anally cover the top as before described. If kegs or barrels 
are used, the outside must be as well painted as possible, to 
prevtdnt^ outside tastes^ and also to preserve the wood. ^^ . , 

FlfetntS TO KEEP.—Withodt Loss op Color or Flavor.— 
To eAtsh pound of rosin, put in 1 oz. of tallow, and 1 ob. ol 
bpe8iva]£r Melt them slowly over tae fire in an irou kettle, and 
be oareftil and not let it boil. Take the fruit separately and rub 



■ i-tX 




It ore? with whiting or fine chalk (to preTcnt fhd coatinfif from 
adhering to the fruit,) then dip it into the solution once and hold 
It up a moment to set the coaMng ; then pack away carefully in 
barrels or boxes in a cool place. When you dip oranges or lem- 
ons, loop a thread around to hold them ; for pears or apples, in- 
Bert a pointed stick to hold them by, then cut it off with a pair of 
sharp, Lieavy shears. Oranges or lemons cannot be put in boxes, 
but must be placed on Selves, as tiie accumulated weight would 
mash them down. 

It is now a well established fact that articles put up sci- 
entifically air-tight, may be kept fresh and fair for any 
lengtb of time, or until wanted for use. This composition 
makes good sealing for air-tight cans or bottles, pouring it* 
around thq top of the can cover, and dipping tiio neck of 
the bottle into it. A patent has been secured for a compo- 
sition for preserving fruit, of diflferent proportions, however, 
from the foregoing, but the a^ent, at the Ohio State Kafr, in 
1859, had such poor success in selling rights at three dol- 
lars, that he reduced the price to twenty-fivo cents, and still 
but few would take hold of it, so that I think not much 
more will be done with the patent. I purchased twenty 
recipes ^ur one dollar, but finding this composition to stick 
together, and tear off pie ies wherever they touched each 
other, I went to work to improve it as above. Tho patented 
proportions are, rosiu 5 lbs., lard or tallow 8 oz., beeswax 
4 oz. The patentee is John K. Jenkins, of Wyoming, Pa., 
and the patent was issued December 8, 1858. It does not 
work well on peaches or other juicy garden fruits. 

EQCrS. — To Peeservb for Winter Use.— For every three gal- 
lonn of water, put in 1 pint of fresh slacked lime and common 
salt A pint ; mix well, and let the barrel be about half full 
of this fluid, then with a dish let down your fresh eegs into it, tip- 

ging the dish after it fills with water, so they roll out without crack- > 
ig the shell, for if the shell is cracked the egg will spoil. ^tur, 

If fresh eggs arc put in, fresh eggs will come out, as I 

have seen men who have kept them two, and even four, 

years, at sea. A piece of board may be laid across the top 

of the eggs, and a little lime and salt kept upon it, which 

keeps tho fluid as strong at the top as at the bottom. This 

will not fail you. They must always be kept covered with 

the brine. Families in towns and cities hy this plan can 

have eggs for winter use at summer priced. I have put up 

forty dosen with entire suooess^ -^^ 


The plan of preserving eggs has undouhtedly come from 
a patent secured by a gentleman in England in 1791, 
Jaynes, of Sheffield, Yorkshire, which reads as follows : 

2. English Patented Method. — " Put into a tub 1 bu. Win- 
c^jester measure, of quick lime, (which is freah slacked lime,) salt 
32 oz. ; cream of tartar 8 6z. Use as much water as will give 
llidt consistency to the composition as will cause an egg to swim 
with its top just above the liquid. Then put and keep the 
eggs tlierein, which v«rill preserve them perfectly sound at least 2 

Persons who think it more safe can follow this Ehglisn 
plan. I desire in all cases to give all the information I 
have on each subject. Consequently I give you the follow- 
ing also : 

3. '. W. Cooper, M. D.'s, Method of Keeping and Smp» 
/^n MS Egos. — "Dissolve some gum shellac in a sufficient 
({i «'u:ifay of alcohol to make a thin varnish, give each egg a 
coat, and after they become thoroughly dry, pack them in bran 
or saw dust, with their points downwards, in such a manner 
that they cannot shift about. After you have kept them as long 
as you desire, wash the varnish carefully off, and they will be 
ia the same state as they were before packing, ready for eating or 

This would seem to bo from good authority, as Dr. 
Cooper has been engaged for the last thirty years in raising 
nothi*ig but the best game fowls, and he has frequently im- 
ported eggs. He in ^rariably directed the to be packed as 
above, and 'ilways had good success with them, notwith- 
standing t\ . *^n e and distance of the journey. He has 
also publiLl}^' -, Tork upon Game Fowls, His address is 
Medio, Dclawi^:( Co., Pa. . > 

This last plan would be a little more troublesome, but 
still would not be very much to prepare all that families 
would wish to uso through the winter, or oven for the 
retailer; as the convenience of having them in a condition 
to ship would be one inducement to use the last method, for 
with thn St they must be taken out and packed in oats or 
somethii .: f that Bort, to ship ; with the last they are 
always ready; and weather permitting, about Christmas or 
New Year's, fresh and good eggs in cities always command 
sufficient price to pay for all trouble and expenae in th© 
preservation and shipment. 





• f' ■'■'•» 

%4 ^ "^^^^ ^ 1^^ CHASITS EEOIPES. 

^^J ^Pire Sex op IBqgs.— Mr. Genin latety aidreBited tiM 
•if Academy des Sciences, France, on the subject of the sex of 
%'i eggs. He affirms that he is now able, after havirag studied 
"the subject for upwards of three years, to state with assur- 
ance that the eggs containing the germ of males have 
wrinkles on their smaller ends, while female eggs are smooth 
at the extremities. 

While on the subject of eggs you will excuse me for 
.imttlDg in a couple of ite9is more, which appropriately 
pelong to other departments : ,. > 

V 4. To Increase the Latino. — " For siBveral years past 

■ I have spent a ^ew weeVs of the latter part of August oa 
the Kennebec river, iL "^ 1 le. The ladv with whom I 
have stopped is a highly a^ aplished and intelligent house- 
wife. She supports a * hennery,' and from her I derived my 

•^^formation in the matter. She tol4 me that for many 
r ^jvears she had been in the habit of administering to her 

tliens, with their common food, — 

J^ "Cayenne pepper, pulverized, at the rate of one teaspoon each 
^ alternate day to 1 doz. fowls. , * ■ . i; 

•^' " Last season, when I was with her, each morning she 
ti^brought in from twelve to fourteen eggs, having but sixteen 
flicns in all. She again and again experimented in the mat- 
fler by omitting to feed with the Cayenne for two or three 
i^^ays. The consequence invariably was, that the prodiict of 
^^fggs fell off five or six per day. The same effect of using 
'^tne Cayenne is produced in winter as in summer." — BotUm 
r TramcripL 

6. To Fbt ; Extra Nice.— Three eggs f flour 1 tablespodn ; milk 
'I cup. 

Beat the eggs and flour together, then stir in the milk, 
^fiave a skillet with a proper amount of butter in it, made 
hot, for Trying this mixture ; then pour it in, and when one 
i^ide is done brown, turn it over, cooking rather slowly ; if a 
larger quantity is needed, it will require a little salt stirred 
In, out for this amount the salt in the butter in which yon 
fiy it, seasons it very nicely. 

' BURNING FLUID— Best in Use.— Alcohol, of 1)8 pef cent., 9 
pts. ; good camphene, 1 qt. \ or in these proportions. Shako 

easpoon each 


briskly, and it will at once become clear, wben wlthont the 
Bhaking it would take from 6 to 7 q's. of alcohol to cut the ctMik- 
pbeae, while with the least it is the best. 

These proportions make the best burning fluid which can 
be combined. Many put in oamphor gum, alum, &c., the 
first to improve its burning qualities, the last to prevent 
explosion, but they are perfectly useless for either, from the 
fact that camphor adds to the smoking properties, and noth- 
ing can prevent the gas arising from any fluid that will 
bum, from explosion, if the fire gets to it when it is con- 
fined. The only safety is in filling lamps th day-time, or 
fur from fire or lights ; and also to have lamps which are 
perfect in their construction, so that no gas may leak out 
along the tube, or at the top of the lamp ; then let who will 
say he can sell you a recipe for non-explosive gas or floid, 
you may set him down at once for a humbug, ignoramus, or 
knave. You may set fire to this fluid, and if cot con- 
fined it will not explode, but will continue to burn until aU 
is consumed. Families cannot make fluid any cheaper than 
to buy it, as the profit charged on the alcohol is usually 
more than charged on fluid ; but they will have a bet- 
ter article by this recipe than they can buy, unless it is 
made from the same, and it is best for any one, even the 
retailer, only to make small quantitiee at a time, and get 
the freshest camphene possible. When made in large quan- 
tities, even a barrel, unless sold out very soon, the last part 
is not as good as the first, owing to the separation of the 
camphene from the alcohol, unless frequently shaken, whilst 
being retailed out. 


Division, at ant Ratb Per Cent.— Multiply the amooat Ibgr Ike 
nuinl^er^f ^ays, (counting 30 days to each month.) 

i)ivided by 60 gives the interest at 6 per cent 
do 45 « « 8 

Ad 36 « « 10 

do 30 " " 12 

Example.— $150 at 3 months and 10 days, or 100 days, is 15000 
divided by 60, gives $2 60, which is the interest at 6 per Q^pt ; ox 
divided hy 45, gives $3 33 interest at 8 per cent., &o, 

I sold a gentleman, a miller, one of my books the seoo^ 
^e, as some person stole the first before he became famili^ 
witb ^ I'or^g^Dg v^Bf yfhkh Le admired too uaoh to ]o)l^ 




DB. chase's BEOIFES. 


interest on any given enm of money for any number of years, 
months or days. Reduce the years to months, add in the months, 
if any, take one-third of the days and set to the right of the 
months, in the decimal fonn, multiply this result by one-half the 
principal, and you have the interest required. 

; • ExAKPLE.— The interest required on $1,40G Tor 2 years, 3 months 
and 9 days : 
Interest on $1,400 for 2 years, 3 months and 9 days. 

27.3 ,-S.'^;^ 

"a;f;--i: ' 

T C Answer required ..$19110.0 

The above example is at six per cent. Eule to obtain the 
interest at any other rate : For seven per cent, increase the 
interest at six per cent, by one-sixth ; for eight per cent, by 
one-third ; for nine per cent, by one-half; for ten per cent, by 
two-thirds; for eleven per cent, by five-sixths ; for twelve 
per cent, multiply by two. Twelve per cent, is the highest 
rate of interest allowed by any State, except Minnesota, 
which, I believe, allows fifteen per cent. «» > i *w.s-^, 

In pointing off, persons will observe to point off as many 
figures in the product or answer as there are decimal points 
in, the multiplicand. The balance, or remainder, show you 
the dollars and cents. 

COUNTERFEIT MONEr— Seven Rules fob De- 
tecting. — First. Examine the form and features of all 
human figures on the notes. If the fornn are graceful and 
features distinct, examine the drapery — see if the folds lie 
natural ; and the hair of the head should be observed, and 
see if the fine strands can be seen. 

Second. Examine the lettering, the title of the batil^ oir 
the round handwriting on the face of the note. On aU 
genuine bills, the work is done with great skill and perfeci- 
ness, and there never has been a counterfeit but was defective 
in the lettering. 

, Third. The imprint or engraver's name. By observing 
the great perfection of the different company names— in 
the* evenness and shape of the fine letters, counterfeiters 
never get the imprint perfect. This rule alone, if strictly 
observ^, will detect every counterfeit note in existence, <^ 


Fot)RTH. — The shading in the back gronnd of the vig- 
linette, or over or around the letters forming the name of the 
{hank, on a good bill is even and perfect, on a connterfeit is 
Irr^ular and imperfect. 

Fifth. — Examine well the figures on the other parts of 
le note, containing the denomination, also the letters. Ex- 
Lmine well the die work around the figures which stand for 
Ihe denomination, to see if it is of the same character as 
lat which forms che ornamental work surrounding it. 

Sixth. — Never take a bill that is deficient in any of the 
ibove points, and if your impression is bad when yun first 
see it, you had better be careful how you become convinced 
to change your mind — whether your opinion ^s not altered 
jis you become confused in looking into the texture of the 
workmanship of the bill. ^^ 

; Seventh. — Examine the name of the State, name of the 
bank, and name of the town where it is located. If it has 
t)een altered from a broken bank, the defects can plainly be 
Been, as the alteration will show that it has been stamped. 

on. ' 

INKS— Black Copyino, or WEiriNa Fmro.—Rain water 2 gals. ; 
gum arable | lb. ; brown eugar \ lb. ; clean copperas ^ lb. : pow« 
derod nutgallo f lb. 5 bruise all, and mix, shaking occasionally for 
10 days, and strain ; if needed sooner, let it steep in au iron kettle 
until the streogth is obtained. 

-This ink can be depended upon for deeds or records 
which you may wish some one to read hundreds of years to 
come. Oxalic acid one fourth oz. was formerly put in, but 
since the use of steel pens it does not work well on them. 
If not used as a copying ink, one-fourth the gum or sugar is 
sufficient as it fiows more free without them*' 

2. Common Black. — Logwood chips 1 lb. ; boil in 1 J gals, of 
water uulil reduced to 2 qts. ; pour oflF, and repeat the boiling 
again as before ; mix the two Araters, 1 gal. in all ; then add bi- 
chromate of potash I oz. ; prussiate of potash ^ oz. ; prussiate of 
iron (Prufislan blue) ^ oz. ; boil again about five minutes, and 
strain and bottle for use. 

You will find none of the gumminess about this ink tltat 
If tbund in that made from the extract of logwood ; yet it is 
not presumed that this will be as durable as the gall inks, 
for deeds, records, &g., &c., but for schools and common use. 

^ -k 


\ .t 

I • 


^'^i^b;^ emss^mimmi. 

it ir ar gbdd as the moBt co8% inks. THis copy ws^ p^ 
pared with it^ ^ioh was made two yoare ago. 

3. RiiD— tttu VfcRV B^ST.— Take an ounce vial and put into it « 
teaspoon of aqua ammonia, gum arable the size of two peas, and 
6 gik.No. 40 cfurmine, and 5 grs. No. 6 or 8 carmine also ; fill up 
with soft water, and it is soon ready for use. 

This fonns a beantiful ruling ink. I sold the book in 

the Pike Oounty Bank, 111., from the fact that this ink was 

80 much better than what they could get of any other make. 

Speaking of banks makes me think of what a gentleman of 

Miehigan City, Ind., told me about a black ink for banking 

purposes, which would never fade, composed of two articles 


IroiP or steel fillings and simple rain water, exposing it to the sun 
for a good length of time ; pale when first written with, but be^ 
oomiog very black. 

I have tiever thought to try it, but now mention it fer 
fear it might be good, and lost to the world, unless now 
thrown to the public. 

4. Blue. — Take sulphate of indigo and put it into water until 
ou get the desired depth of color ; that sold in little boxes for 
luing clothes is the article desired. 

This does well for school children, or any writing not of 

im]:)ortanoe to keep ; but for book-keeping it is not good, 

as the heat of a safe in a burning building fades away the 


6. ]jn>ELLiBLE.-^Nitrate of silver 11 grs. ; dissolve it in 30 grs. 
(or about a teaspoon) of water of ammonia ; in 85 gts. (or 2i tea- 
spoons) of rain water, dissolve 20 grs. of gum arable. When the 
gum is dissolved put into the same vial also 22 grs. of carbonate 
of soda (sal soda). When all is well dissolved, mix both vials, 
or their contents, and place the vial containing the mixture in a 
basin of water, and boil for several minutes, or until a black com- 

{>oUnd is the result, When cold it is ready for use. Have the 
inen or other g^^ods starched and ironed, and perfectly dry ; then 
write with a quill pen. 

If twice the amount is made at a time it will not codt any 

more, as the expense is only from the trouble of weighing, 

so little is used of the materials. Soft soap and boiling 

oannot efface it, nor years of wear. Use only glass vessels. 

6. Powder.— Black.— Sulphate of copper 1 dr. ; gum arable } oz. : 
eofjperas 1 02. ; nutgalls and extract of logwood 4 ozs. each ; ail 
to Ve pulverised and evenly mixed^-^iScien^i^ Ameriom* 






Abetit oflcr oz. of tlie mkturo will be required ita eftoli 
pint of boiling water used. It will be found a valuable 
color for boot, shoe and harness-edge also. It should stand 
a couple of weeks before using, or it may be steeped a ii^^.^j 
hours if needed sooner. . . .♦ ,^ 

HONEYS.— Artificial Cuba Honey.— Good brown sugar 10 '^ 
lbs. ; water 1 qt. ; old bee bread, honey in tho comb 2 lbs. ; cream 
of tartar 1 tea-spoon: gum arable 1 oz. ; oil of peppermint 3 ^' 
drops ; oil of rose 2 drops. Mix and boil two or' thre** minutes. * 
and have ready 1 quart more of water, in which an egg is put, well 
beat up ; pour it in, and m it begins to boil, skim well, remove 
from the fire, and when a little cool, add 2 lbs. of nice bees' honey,, 
and strain. . ,^ 

This is really a nice article, looking and tasting frke 
honey. It has been shipped in large quantities under the 
name of " Cuba Honey." It will keep any length of time 
as nice and fresh as when first made, if sealed up. Some 
persons use a table-spoon of slippery elm bark in this amount, 
but it will' ferment in warm weather, and rise £o the tOpj- 
requiring to be skimmed off. If it is to be used only for 
eating purposes, the cream of tartar and gum arabio may be 
left out, also the old bee-bread honey, substituting for it 
another pound of nice honey. 

2. Domestic Honey. — Coflfee sugar 10 lbs. ; water 3 lbs. ; cream 
of tartar 2 ozs. ; strong vinegar 2 table- spoons ; the white of 1 egg 
well beaten ; bees' honey ^ lb. ; Lubin's extract of honey-^uokle 

First put the sugar and water into a suitable kettle and 
place upon the fire ; and when luke warm stir in the cream 
of tartar, and vinegar ; then continue to add the egg ; and 
when the sugar is nearly melted put in the honey and stit 
until it comes to a boil, take it off, let it stand a few n^n*> 
utes, then strain, adding the extract of honeysuokle last; 
let stand over night, and it is ready for use. This resenair 
bles candied honey, and is a nice thing. 

3. E^CEtii/ENT HoNET. — ^An article suitable fof enryw 
day use is made as follows : 

Good common sugar 6 lbs. ; water 1 qt. ; gradually bring it to a 
boil, skinuning, well ; when cool> add 1 lb. bees's honey, and 4 
drops of peppermint essence. 

If you desire a better article, use white dugar, ftttd ott^ 
half pint less water^ and one-half pound mo):9 hooej. If it 




18 deeiret* la fj\)» it the ropy appearance of bees' honey, put; 
into the «v»t)r one-fourth ounce of alum. 


4. pRBKrrjT TToyET.— Common sugar 4 lbs. ; water 1 pt. ; let 
them come to h boil, and skim ; then add pulverized alum ^ oz. ; ' 
remove from tbe lire and stir in cream of tartar J oz. ; and water ^* 
or extract of rose 1 vable-«poon, and it is fit for use. 

This took ih<i preninm at an Ohio State Fair. We use 
the recipes for cororoon sugar and the one using Lubin's 
extract of honeysuckle, and desire nothing better. 

JELLIES— Wii-noDV Fnurr.— Take water 1 pt., and add to it 
pulverized alum \ ore,, »nd boll r minute or two ; then add 4 lbs. 
of white crushed or coffee sugar, continue the boiling a little, strain 
while hot ; and when cold put in half of a two shilling bottle of 
extract of vanilla, struwiberr) , or lemon, or any other flavour you . 
deehre for jelly. \ 

This will make a jolly so much resembling that made 
from th'S juice of the fiout that any one will be astonished ; 
and when fruit cannot be got, it will take its place admira- 
bly. 1 have had neighbors cat of it and be perfectly aston- 
ished at its beauty and palatableness. 

BAKING POWDERS— Wtti'cut Dru/w.— Baking soda 6 ozs. ; " 
cream of tartar 8 ozs. ; first dry <bem from all dampness by putting 
them on a paper and placing them in the oven for a short time, 
then mix and keep dry, in bottles or boxes. 

The proper amount of this wiU be about one tea-spoon to 
each quart of flour being baked. Mix with cold water, and ' 
bake immediately. This contaiiin none of the drugs gen«< 
erally used for baking powders ; it is easy made, and does^' 
not cost over half as much as to buy them already made. 
This makes biscuit very nice without ynilk or shortening. 4 
Yet if milk is used, of course it would be that much richer.! c 
The main object of baking powders »s for those who are>' 
" Keeping bach," as it is called, or for those who are far ^ 
from oiYiiiTCd conveniences, and for there who prefer this .i 
kind of bread or biscuit to that raised wit^ yet^t or sour 
milk and saleratus. I stand among the latt«r class. 

MOUTH GLUE.— Fob Torn Paper, Notes, Ao.— Aj^ quantity i 
of glue may be used, with sugar, only half as muoh i^ of the i 

First dissolve the glue in water, and carefully <^w<)orate 
89 jfkwiti of the w^ter as you can without burning t^» ^ue ; 



then add the sugar ; if desired to have a very tiice article, 
use gelatine in place of the glue, and treat it in the same 
manner ; when the sugar is dissolved in the glue pour it into 
moulds or a pan and cut it into squares, for convenience, be- 
fore it gets too hard. This dissolves very quickly by placing 
the edge of a pieoa in the mouth, and is not unpleasant te 
the taste, and is very handy for office or house use. Use to 
stick together torn bills, paper, &o., by softening the edge 
of a piece as above, then touching the parts therewith and 
pressing together for a moment only. 


Bemarks. — If saloon keepers and grocers who deal in 
wine, beer, cider, &c., will follow our directions here, and 
make some of the following articles, they and their custom- 
ers will be better pleased than by purchasing the spurious 
». articles of the day ; and families will find them equally ap- 
plicable to their own use. And although we start with an 
artificial cider, yet it is as healthy, and is more properly a 
small beer, which it should be called, but from its close re- 
semblance to cider in taste it has been so named. 

CIDERS. — Artificial, or Cider wpthout Apples. — To cold . 
water 1 gal. put dark brown sugar 1 lb.; tartaric acid }oz.: 
yeast 3 table-spoons, and keep these proportions for any amount 
desired to make ; shake it well together. Make it in the evening 
and it will be fit for use the next day. 

? I make in a keg a few gallons at a time, leaving a few 
quarts to make into next time — not using yeast again until 
the kegs need rinsing. If it gets sour make a little more 
into it. In hot weather draw in a pitcher with ice j or if 
your sales are slow, bottle it and keep in a cool celLur ac- 
cording to the next recipe. 

2. To Bottle. — If it is desired to bottle this artificial 
cider by manufacturers of small drinks, you will. proceed a8 
follows: ' 

Put into a barrel hot water 6 gals. ; brown sugar 30 lbs. ; tar- 
taric acid I lb. ; cold water 26 gals. ; hop or brewers' yeast 3 
pti. ; work the yeast into a paste mih flour | lb. ; shake or stir 


DR. cease's recipes. 


all well together ; fill the barrel full, and let it work 24 to 48 
bourn, or until the yeant is done working out at the bung, by 
having put in a little sweetened water occasionally to keep the 
barrel full. 

When it has worked clear, bottle it, putting in two or 
three broken raisins to each bottle, and it will nearly equal 
' champagne. Let the bottles lay in a cool place on the side 
— (observe also this plan of laying the bottles upon the side, 
in putting away apple-cider or wine) — but if it is only for' 
your own retail trade you can make as follows in the next 
recipe, and have it keep until a barrel is retailed. The first 
recipe will last only three or four days in hot weather, and 
about two weeks in winter. 

3. In Barrels for Long Keeping. — If retailers wish 

to keep this cider with the least possible loss of time, or 

families for their own drink or for the harvest field, proceed 

W follows: *; 

Place in a keg or barrel^ cold water 20 gals. ; brow/i sugar 16 lbs.; 
and tartaric acid | lb. only, not using any yeast, but if you have 
them, put in 2 or 3 lbs., dried sour apples, or boil them and pouiH 
In the expressed juice ; without the yeasiii it will keep in a cool 
cellar for several weeks, even in summer. The darker the sugar 
the more natural will be the color of the cider. 

Dr. 0. B. Beed, of Bell Bivcr, Mich., with whom I 
read medicine, drank of this cider freely, while sick with 
bilious fever, knowing its composition, and recommended 
it to his patients as,soon as he got out amongst them again, 
as a drink that would allay thirst, with the least amount of 
fluid, of anything with which he was acquainted. But 
aome will prefer Prof. Hufeland's drink for Fever Patients, 
whidh see. 

4. Apple Cider to Keep Sweet, with but Tripling* j; 
DXPENSE. — Two things are absolutely necessary to pre- 
serve cider in a palatable state for any consideraole time ; 
that is, to clear it of pomace, and then to keep it in a cool 
plaee, and the cooler tne place the better. And then if kept 
air-tight, by bottling, it is also better, but farmers can- 
not take the time nor expense of bottling. Some persons 
leach it through charcoal, and others boil, or rather scald 
and skim, to get clear of the pomac^. In the first place, 
'diier, ^Hiflt'is designed to keep over wipter, should i)e 



2aiitf4i from iripe, soand^ sour apples only, and oonieqneBliy 
it will be getting oool weather, and less likely to ferment. 
Then when made : 

Stand in open casks or barrels, and put into each barrel aboai 1 
pt each of hickory (if you have them, if not other hard wood), 
ashes and fresh slacked lime ; stir the ashes and lime first into 1 
qt. of new milk, then stir into the cider. It will caude all the 
pomace to rise to the purface, from which you can skim it as it 
rises, or you can let it remain about 10 hours, then draw off Uj % 
faucet near the bottom, through a strainer, to aroid the hardened 

It ifl now ready for bottling or barreling, if too nuch 
trouble to bottle. If you barrel it, it has been found essen- 
tial to sulphur the barrel. The sulphuring is done by dip- 
ping cotton cloth into melted sulphur, and drjring it ; then 
cutting into strips about two by six inches. Put about 
three gallons of cider into the barrel ; fire one end of the ^ 
strip of the sulphured cloth, and introduce it into the bung- 
hole, and hold it by means of the bung, giving it -^ir suffi- 
t' '>nt to let it burn, keeping the smoke in as it bui iis, when 
will push the jjung in tight and shake the barrel until 
me sulphur gas is absorbed into the cider ; then fill up tihe 
bairel with cider, and if not already in the cellar, plfiee it 
there, and you have accomplished the two poin .s first spoken 
of. If the above plan is too much labor, get oil barrels, if 
possible, to keep your cider in, (as vinegar can scarcely be 
made in an oil barrel,) the oil coming out a IMe and form- 
ing an aiMight coat on the top of the oider m the bitfroL 

5. Make your cider late in the Fall, and when made, put into 
'each barrel, immediaiely, ground mustard i lb. ; salt 2 es. ; pul- 
verized chalk 2 oz. ; stir them up in a little of the cider, then poor 
into the barrel and shake well. 

I have drank cider kept in this way, in Angoflt, whkh 
^^iras made in early Spring j it was very nice. 

6. I have had cider keep venr nice, also, by keeping in a 
(«^1 cellar, and putting into each barrel : 

■ , Mustard seed 2 oz. ; allspice 2 oz. ; sweet oil ^ pi, and alcohol 1 
:Kpt. only. 

Always ship your cider, if you have cider to ship, late in 
^ &tXt otemj in Spring; /(w if taken out of a cool cellar 


BB. ohase's BECHPES* 

, in hot weather it is sure to start fermentation. If Wanted 
for medicine, proceed as in the following recipe: 

7. To Prepare for Medicine. — To each barrel of 
cider just pressed from ripe, sour apples, not watered: 

Take mastard seed, ungronnd, 1 lb. , isinglass 1 oz. ; alum pui* 
yeiized 1 oz. j put all into the barrel, leave the bung out, aod 
fifhake or stir once a day for four days, then take new milk 1 qt, 
and half a dozen eggs, beat well together, and put them into we 
cider and stir or shake a^ain, as before. Tor 2 days; then let it 
settle until you see that it is clear, and draw off by a faucet. ^ 

And if you wish to use in place of wine^ in medicine, 
put it into bottles ; but if designed for family use you can 
barrel it, bunging it tight, and keep cool, of course, and 
yOu will have a very nipe article, if the cider was nqt made 
too near a well or running stream of irater ; but it is found 
that if made too near these, the cider does not keep. Judge 
ye why I - 

In some parts of England, by using only ripe, sonad 
apples, kiting it work clear, racking off about twice, bottlingg|| 
&o.f te.f cider is kepi from twenty to thiity years. Wh^r 
cider is drawn off and bottled, it should not be corked until 
the next day after filling the bottles, as many of them will 
burst. Then lay on tb'- side. 

SYRUPS.— 1o Make the Vatjotjs Colors.-— Powder cochineal 1 
oz. ; eoft v^ater 1 pt. ; boil the cochineal in the watei* for a fbw 
minutes, Vi^jk a copper kettle ; while boiling add 30 grs. of pow- 
dered alum^uid 1 dr. of crea^ of tartar ; when the coloring mteiittei 
is all out of the cochiuea* remove it from the lire, and when a 
little cool, strain, bottle and set aside for use. 

This gives a beautiful red, and is used in the strawberry 
syrups only. Colored rather deep in shad^.. Pine apple is 
left without color. Wintergreen is colored with tincture of 
camwoodrC^ot deep.) Lemon and ginger with tineture of 
turmeric. (>^oe Tinctures.) The two laat named syrupi 
are not oolbred high — a light shade only. '' 

2. Artipiclll, Various Flavors.— The ground work oif all 
syrups ought to be the same, i. e. Simple Syrup ; to make it, 
tNce ?l lbs. of the best coffee sugar, which is found not to crya- 
talize, and water 1 pt., or what is the same, 60 lbs. sugar, water 
3 gab. 

Diibsolye the sugar in the water by heat, remaviDg-ML 



Bocm thftt forms upon it, and strain while hot. This can 
be kept in a barrel or keg, and is always ready to flavor, ag 
desired. ^ 

3. Baspbebrt — Is made as follows : 

Take orris root; bruised, any quantity, say \ lb., and just hatid- 
Bomely cover it wUh dilute Ivlcohol, [76 per cent, alcohol, and 
water, equal quantities], so that it cannot be made any stronger of 
the root • 

.^ This in calldd the '^ Saturated Tincture ; " and. use snffi- 
pent of this tincture to give the desired or natural taste of 
the raspberry, from which it^cannot be distinguished. 

4. Stbawberry — Flavor is as follows : 

The s&mrated tincture of orris, as above, 2 ozs., acetiC'ether, 2 
drs. ; mix, and use sufficient to give the desired fla7or — ^avery 
little only is required, in either case. 

5. Pine Apple flavor is made by using to suit the iast^ 
of butyric ether. If persons have any doubt of thes< " 

•pimply, try them. Some think syrups even for fotmtj 
charged with carbonic acid gas, that it is best to use ^( 
three-fourths oz. of tartaric acid to each galxon, liitt I 
prefer none unless the fountain is charged with the super- 
carbonate of soda, in which case it is necessary to use about 
threa-fourths oz. of the acid to each pound of sugar. See 
Soda Syrups. 

This, above plan, for making simple s^rup^ the true 
way of making all syrups ; but some people think they must 
use more water, that the syrup may be cheaper. Others 
will object to using artificial flavors. Oh ! they say : '^ I 
buy the genuine article." Then, just allow me to say, 
don't buy the syrups nor the extracts, fcr ninety-ii'no hun- 
dredths of them are not made from the fruit, feet are artifi- 
cial. Rather make your own, as given under the head of 
Jams and Extracts. For the more watery syrups, see : 
" Soda Syrups." 

6. SAv^fSAPARiLLA — Is Very nice as follows : 

Simple y Tttp, as above, and nice golden syrup, equal qnantitiei- 
of each, and mix well ; then use a few drops of oils of wintergreen 
and sassafras to each bottle, as used. * 

The amou?!ts for the desired favors cannot be given ex- 
wtly to suit every one, but all will wish different flavors ; 



in Bouie towns^ Tisin^ very liigliL %vory and in others snffif 
cieni to perceive it, merely. Ail will soon get a plan of 
their owp, and like it better than that of others. This 
mixture of golden syrup makes the sarsaparilla a beautiful 
dark color without other coloring. , 

7. Lbhok Strup, Common— rWas formerly made by 
disi^Mng four pounds of crushed sugar in one quart of 
water by boilinp:, and adding thr^e ounces of tartaric acid 
and ftstv^iing with the oil of lemon ; but it is best made as , 

Coffee stigar 3 IBb ; water 1% pts. ; -dissolve by gentle beat, and • 
add citric acid 3 ozs;, and flavor with oU or extract of lemon. 
See " Fjttracts." 

8. Or a very nice lemon i^rup is made as follows : Take cit* » - 
ric acid in powder \ oz. ; oil of lemon 4 drops ; simple syrup 1 

Bul^ the acid and oil in three or four spoons of the syrup,>| „; 
then add the mixture to the remainder, and dissolve with 
geiitle heat. Citric acid is not as likely to cause inflamma- 
tioB of the stomach as the tartaric, hence, its better adapta- 
tion to syrups calculated for drinks, and especially in disease. 

9i I^akoir Striip— To Savb the Loss op Lemons — Where you;. 
hav<3 lemons that are spoiling or drying up, take the insides whicti,i.i 
are yet sound, squeeze out the juice, and to each pint put 1^ lbs* 
white sugar, and a little of the peel ; boil a few minutes, strfdn and 
cork) for use; ^(p 

Thiff will not reqttire any acid, and one-half tea-spoon of' 
soda to three^fourths of a glass of water with two or three '' 
table-spoons of syrup, makes a foaming glass. Some per- i' 
eons think they ought to put in water, but if water is added "^ 
the fp^p will not keep as well, and takes more of it. .'* 

10. SoDAi Stedp, With or WrraouT Fountains- — ^The common 
or ihore watery syrups are made by using loftf or crushed sugar 
8 Vb».] pure water 1 gal. ; gum arabic 2 ozs. ; mix in a brass or * 
copper Icettle ; boil until the gum is dissolved, then skim and 
strain through white flannel, after which add tartaric acid 6^ oz. ; 
dissolve in hot water ; to flavor, use extract of lemon, orange, 
rose, pine apple, peach, sarsaparilla, strawberry, ^., ^ oz. to eacli^ 
bottle, or to your taste. 

Now use two or three table-spoons of the syrup to ihre^ 
fourths of a tumbler of water and one-half tea-spoon of 

BAIXX^ 1DEfiBKlCBirr« 



finper-csffbonate of ^oda, made fine ; stir well and be ready to 
drink, or use the soda in wciter as mentioned lii the**' Im- 
perial Cream Nectar ;" the gum arabio, however, holds the 
carbonic acid so it will not fly off as rapidly as common 
soda. The above is to be used without fountains, Ukat ip %o 
make it up as used, in glasses, or for the cheaper fountains 
which have an ounce of super-carbonate of soda/tathe gal« 
Ion of water ; but for the fountains which are charged, in 
the citie?<, with carbonic acid gas, no acids are used in ihe 

11. Cream Soda, IJsnca Cow's Cream, for Fountainb.— Nice 
loaf sugar 6 lbs. ; sweet rich cream 1 qt. ; water 1^ gills ; warm 
gradually so as not to burn ; extract of vaiiUla | oz. ; extoiflt ot 
nutmeg i oz. 

Just bring to boiling heat, for if yon cook it any length 
of time it will crystalize ; use four or five spoons of this 
syrup instead of three, as in other syrups. If used without 
a fountain, tartaric acid one quarter pound is added. The 
tendency of this syrup is to sour rather quicker than other 
syrups, but it is very nice while it lasts ; and if only made 
in small quantities and kept cool, it more than j[)ays for the 
trouble of making often. 

12. Cream Soda wttbout a Fountain.— Coffee sugar 4 lbs ; 
7 water 3 pts. ; nutmegs grated 3 in number r hitea of 10 eggs 

well beaten ; gum arable 1 oz. ; oil of lemon 2 ns - or extract 
equal to that amount. By using oils of other fruxu yifH can make 
m many flavors from this as you desire, or prel^L 

Mix all and place over a gentle fire, and stir well bout 
thirty minutes ; remove from the fire, strain,.and divide into 

•' two parts ; into one-half put super-carbonate of soda 
eight ounces ; and into the other half put six ounces tartaric 
acid ; shake well, and when cold they are ready to use, by 
pouring three or four spoons, from both parts, into separate 
glasses which are one-third full of cold water ; stir each and 

:< pour together, and you have as nice a glass of cream soda as 
was ever drank, which can also be drank at your kisure, as 
the gum and eggs hold the gas. 

13. Soda Water Without a MAcmNS for BoTTLnia.— In each 
;:^ gallon of water to be used, carefully dissolve ^ lb. of crushed 

Bugar, and 1 oz. of super-carbonate of soda ; then fill half- 
jfiiA jbottles iritb this watery have yoor corks ready ; now 4rup 



into each bottle ^ dr. of citric acid in crystals, and immediately 
cork and tie down. 

These bottles must be handled carefully without shaking, 
and kept cool until needed ; a little more or less sugar can 
be used to suit tho taste of diiferent persons. 

OYSTER SOUP.— To each dozen or dish of oysters put a half 
pint of water ; milk 1 gill ; butter ^ oz. ; powdered crackers to 
tbicken. Bring the oysters and water to a boil, then add the 
other ingredients previously mixed together, and boil irom 3 to 5 
minutes culy. 

Each one will choose to add salt, pepper, &c., to their 
own taste. Keep about these proportions if you should 
haze to cook for an oyster supper for parties, &o. 

TSIPE.— To Prepare and Pickle.— First sew it up, after it is 
tamed inside out ; be careful to sew it up tight, that no lime gets 
into it ; now have a tub of lime water, the consistence of good 
thick whitewash ; let it remain in from 10 to 20 minutes, or until 
when yovi take hold of it, the dark outside skin will come off ; 
then put it into clean water, changing three or four times to 
weaken the lime, that the hands be not injured by it ; then with a 
dull knife scrape off all the dark surface, and continue to soak ^^ 
and scrape several times, which removes all offensive substances 
and smell. After this, let it soak 20 or 30 minutes in 2 or 3 hot 
waters, scraping over each time ; then pickle in salt and water 12 
hours, and it is ready for cooking ; boil from three to four hours, 
cut in strips to suit, and put it into nice vinegar with the various 
epices, as desired j renew the vinegar at the expiration of one 
week, is all that will be required further. 

Many persons stick up their nose when tripo is spoken 
of J but if nicely prepared, I prefer it to any dish furnished 
by the beef. 

quantities of brown sugar and molasses, and put *hem into 
a suitable kettle — copper is the best — and when it begins to boily * 
skim it well, and strain it, or else pour it through a fine wire 
sieve to free it of slivers and sticks which are often found in the 
sugar ; then return it to the kettle and continue to boil, until, 
when you have dipped your hand in cold water and passed one 
or two fingers through the boiling candy and immediately back 
to the cold water., what adheres when cold will crush like dry 
egg shells aud does not adhere to the teeth when bi' ien. When 
done, pour it on a stone or platter which has been greased, and 
as it gets cool begin to throw up the edges and work it by 
pulling on a hook or by the hand, until bright and glistening 
Jike £old ; the hands should have a little flour on them ocoasiuo^ 




ally; now keep the mass by a wann stoye, if mnoh is made at 
one time, and draw it into stick size, occasionally rolling them to 
keep round, until all is pulled out and cold, then with shears clip 
a little upon them, at proper lengths for the sticks, and they wiu 
snap quickly while yet the stick will bend ; no color, no butter, 
no lard or flavor is used or need be, yet any oil can be used for 
flavoring, if desired, when poured out to cool. 

Sugar left, in molasses 1)arrels works very nicely in this 
preparation. Pulverized white sugar sprinkled amongst it , 
will prevent it from sticking together. | 

2. Candy Perfectly Whive. — If it io desired to hxve 

candy that is perfectly white, proceed as follows : 


Best cofi'ee sugar 2} lbs. ; the nicest syrup U pts. ; boil verj 
carefully, until when tried as above, it crisps luce egg shells or 
flies like glass ; then draw and work upon the hook until very 

3. Molasses Gandt Wrraour SnGAit.~Porto Rico moUwaes 
boiled and worked as above, has a cream shade according to tiie 
amount of pulling, and most persons prefer it to tiie mixture of 
sugar and molasses, as in the first. 

i 4. Pop Gobn Bai^ls.— Pop the com, avoiding all that is not 
nicely opened ; place J bu. of the cor^ upoiva table or in a large 
dripping pan ; put a little water in a suitable kettle with sugar 1 
lb. ; and boil as for candy, until it becomes quite waxy in water, 
when tried as for candy ; then remove from the fire and dip into 
it 6 to 7 table spoons of thick gum solution, made by pouring 
boiling water upon gum arable, over night, or some hours before ; 
now mp the mixture upon different parts of the corn, putting a 
stick, or the hands, under the com, lifting up and minng until 
the com is all saturated with candy mixture ; then with the hands 

1>ress the corn into balls, as the boys do snoW'balls, b^ing quick, 
est it sets before you get through. 

This amount will make about one hundred balls, if prop- 
erly done. - White or brown sugar may be used. And for 
variety, white sugar for a part, and molasses or syrup for 
another batch. Either of these are suited to street ped- 

Action of Sugar or Candy on the Teeth. — M. 
Larez, of France, in the course of his investigations on t|i9 
the teeth, has arrived at the following condusions : f ' 

■%^ First— That " refined sugar, either ftom cane or beet, is inyiA' 
Otis to healthy teeth, either by immediate contact with these 
organs, or by the gas developed, owing to the stoppage In the 



DIt OIUfiB'8 

Btemadik* SeeMMt-^ilmt if a tooth it macerated in ft JtftiUNiM 
Mirtlott of engar, it is to ranch altered in the chemioal luompoain 
tion that it becomes gelatinous, and its enamel opaque, nfonffy^ 
' and easily broken. This modification is due not to free aeid, but 
to a tendenov of sugfff to combine with the GtUcareoa& baaif^ of the* 

I have destroyed my own teeth, I have no doubt now, by 
doiiitaibtly eataiYg oaiidies, while in the grocery business, be- 
fore I lok&w its injurious effects^ and I believe it to hove 
destroyed the first teeth of all my ohildreu which were bom 
during my candy^ating propensities. What say our candj- 
eating gentry to the above ? 

LEMON ADE->To Gabbt'ix the Pooket.— Loaf sugar 1 lb. ; rub 
St down finely in a mortar, and add citric acid ioz. ; (tartario 
acid will do), and lemon essence ^ oz. and continue the txituration 
unfiil all is intimately mixed, and bottle for use. It is best to 
dry the powders as mentioned in the Persian Sherbet next 
Ibtloii^g : 

j^^ rounding tablespoon can be done up in a paper and 
carried conveniently m the pocket when persons are going 
into out-of-the-way places, and added to half pint of cold 
water, when all the^beauties of a lemonade will stand before 
you, widting to be drank, not costing a penny a glass. This 
e^n ba m^de sweeter or more sour if desired. If any, how- 
' ever, should prefer an evervescing drink, they can follow the 
diittotions given in the next recipe. r*v^r--. 

PliltsiAiT Shbbbet. — Pulverized sugar 1 lb. ; super-carbonate of 
iodift 4 ozEL ; tartaric hcid 3 ozs. ; put all the articles into the 
^0 stove oven when moderately warm, being separate, upon paper 
< ' 6Y pliates, let them remain sufficiently long to dry out all damp- 
ness absorbed from the air, then rub about 40 drops of lemon 
oU (or if preiterred, any other flavored oil,) thoroughly with the 
sugar in a mortar— wedgewood is the best — then add the soda, 
and acid, and continue the rubbing until al! are thoroughly 

Bottle and cork tight, for, if any degree of moisture is 
permitted to reach it, the acid and soda neutralize each 
other, and the virtue is thus destroyed. A middling sized 
taUo^poon or two teaspoons of this put into a half pint 
glass and nearly filled with water and quickly drank, makes, 
an agreeable summer beverage ; and if three or four glasses 
of it are taken within a short time, say an hour o' two, it, 
has the ^fectof a gentle oathartic, hence for those habit* 

SALOON PEPjaiamfi^ 


xailytosiive it trbuld be found nearly or quii^eqoalioihe, 
8ei<klits powder, and for children it would be tbe pleasanter 
of the two. [The printers have tried it, and can bear to»> 
timonj to its good qualities.] 

BEERS.— Root Beer. — For et. • gallon of water to b9 uieU/ 
take hops, burdock, yellow doc£, sarsaparilla, dandelion, and 
spikenard roots, bmised, of each § oz. ; boil abou| 20 minutei>, 
and stram while hot, add 8 or 10 drops of oils of spmCe '•^d'"' 
sassafras mixed in equal proportions, when cool enough not to 
scald your band, put in 2 or 3 table-spoons of yeast ; molasses § of* 
a pint, or white sugar ^ lb. gives it about the right sweetness. 

Keep these proportions for as many gallons aa you wisK 
to make. You can use more or less of the roots to. suit^:; 
your taste after trjdng it ; it is best to get the dry root&, or jj 
dig them and let them get dry, and of course you can add | 
any other root known to possess medicinal properties dcsited, > 
in the beer. After all is mixed, let it stand in a jar with a^ . 
cloth thrown over it, to work about two hours, tiien bottle ; 
and set in a cool place. This is a nice way to take altofa- 
tives, without taking medicine. And families ought to 
malce it every Spring, and drink freely of it for several 
weeks, and thereby save, perhaps, several dollars in doctors' 

2. Spruce or Aromatic Beer.— For 3 gals, water put in 1 qt ' 
and one ^ pi molasses, 3 eggs well beaten, yeast 1 gllL Into 3 
qts. of the water boiling hot put iSfty drops of any oil you widithe 
flavor of; or mix 1 ounce ea^^h, oils sassafraSi spriUi^ 9i^^ ijdii^r- 
green, then use 60 drops of the mixed oils. ■ ^^-jr^*-;- -^-^ *- . 

Mis all, and strain ; let it sttod two hours, ihen bottl^ W 
bearing in mind that yeast must not be put in when the 
fluid would scald the hand. Boiling water outs oU ^oc 
beers,, equal to alcohol. ''^-^ ■';-''•• >ii^'^Mi"i-ri jc'i'i>;a>ir'i ■ . 

8. Lemon Beer. — Water SO gals.; ginger root hmiBeA 8 oo. ; 
cream of tartar \ lb. feoffee sugar 13 lbs. ; oil of lemon 1 oz. ; of 
^ oz. of the oil may be used, and 6 good sized lemons, sUoed ; 
y«ast 1^ pts. 

Boil the ginger and cream of tartar, about twenty to thirty 
minutes, in two or three gallons of the water ; then strain it 
upon the sugar and oils or sliced lemons, which have been 
rubbed together, having warm water enough to make the 
whole thirty gallons just so you oan hold your band in it 
ndthout biasing, or nboot seventy degrees of heat; ithen 


BB. chase's BEOIFES. 



work up the jcaat into a paste, as for the cider, with five or 
six ounces of flour. Let it work over night, skimmino^ off 
the yeast, or letting it work over as the cider, then strain 
and bottle for use. This will keep fifteen or twenty days. 
The Port Huronites think it a splendid drink. 

4. Ginger I^br.— White sugar 6 lbs. ; lemon juice 1 gill ; hoHey 
I lb. ; ^ger, oruised, 6 ozs. ; water 4} guls. 

Boil the ginger thirty minutes in 3 quarts of the water-; , 
then add the other ingredients, and strain ; when cold, put 
in the white of an egg, well beaten, with one teaspoon of 
lemon essence — let stand four days, and bottle. It will 
keep for months — much longer than if yeast was used ; the 
honey, however, operates mildly in place of yeast. 

5. Philadelphia Bebe.— Water 30 gals: ; brown sugar 20 lbs. f^^ 
ginger, bruised, 1^ lbs.; cream of tartar j lb. ; super-carbonate of 
soda 3 oz. ; oil of lemon, cut in a little alcohol, 1 teaspoon ; w]ilt<)8 
of 10 eggS; well beaten ; hops 2 oz. ; yeast 1 qt. 

The ginger root and hops should be boiled twenty or 
thirty minutes in enough of the water to make all milk 
warm, then strained into the rest, and the yeast added and 
allowed to work over night ; skimmed and bottled. 

6. Patent Gas Beer. — Ginger 2 ozs. ; allspice 1 oz. ; cinnamon 
I oz. ; cloves \ oz. ; all bruised or ground.* "nolasses 2 qts. ; cold 
water 7J gals, j yeast 1 pt. 4., 

Boil the pulverized articles, for fifteeu or twenty minutes 
in the molasses ; then strain into your keg, and add the 
water, then the yeast; shake it wefl together and bung 
down. If made over night it will be ready for use the next 
day. There ought to be a little space in the keg not filled 
with the beer. This beer is ahead of all the pops and min* 
eral waters of the day, for flavor, health or sparkling quali- 
ties or speed in making. Be careful you do not burst the 
keg. In hot weather, draw in a pitohef with ice. I have 
Bold this in the principal towns of Ohio, Indiana and Michi- 
gan, travelling with a caravan, and obtained two dollars for 
the recipe from the man who kept the inside stand, and who 
blew the head but the first keg of it which he made. 

7. Corn Bber, Without Yeast.— Gold water 6 gals. ; sonnA 
nice com 1 qi ; molasses 2 qts. ; put all into a keg of this siza ; 
shake weU, and in 2 or 3 diays a fermentation ^11 Imve be«k 
brought on as nicely as with yeast. Keep it bunged tight 



It may be flavored with oils of sprnoe or lemoiv, if desired, 
by pouring on to the oils one or two quart* ot the water, 
boiling hot. The corn will last five or pit makings. If it 
gets too sour add more molasses and water in the .same pro- 
portions. It is cheap, healthy, and no bother with yeast. 

8. Strong Beer, English Improved. — Malt i^ peck; coarse 
brown sugar 6 lbs. ; hops 4 oz. ; good yeast 1 tea-c&p ; if you have 
not malt, take a little over one peck of barley f twice the amount 
ot oats will do, but are not as good,) and put it into an oven after 
the bread is dr<iwn, or into a stove oven, and steam the moisture 
from them. Grind coarsely. 

Nov7 pour upon the ground malt 3^ gals, of water at 170 or 
172® of heat The tub in which you scald the malt should have 
a false bottom, two or three inches from the real bottom ; the false 
bottom should be bored full of gimlet holes, so as to act as a 
strainer, to keep back the malt meal, When the water is poured 
on, stir them well, and let it stand 3 hours, and draw off by a 
feucet ; put in 7 gals, more of water at 180 to 182 <^ : stir it well, 
and let it stand 2 hours, and draw it off. Then put on a gal. or 
two of cold water, stir it well and draw it off : you should have 
about 6 or 6 gals. Put the 6 lbs. of coarse brown sugar in an 
equal amount of water ; mix with the wort, and boil 1^ to 2 hours 
with the hops ; you should have eight gals, when boiled ; when 
cooled to 80 *=* put in the yeast, and let it work 18 to 20 hours, 
covered with a sack ; use sound iron hooped kegs or porter bot- 
tles, bung or cork tight, and in two weeks it will be good sound 
beer, and will keep a loag time ; and for persons of a weak habit 
of body, and especially females, one glaf» of this with their meals 
is far better than tea or coffee, or all the ardent spirits in the 
universe. If more malt is used, not exceeding A a bushel, the 
beer, of course, would have more spirit, but this strength is sufEl- 
cient for the use of families or invalids. 

9. Ale, Home-Brewed — How it is Made. — The fol- 
lowing formula for the manufacture of a famous home-brewed 
^ ale of the English yeomanry, will convey a very clear idea 
of the components and mixture of ordinary aleSc The 
middle classes of the English people usually make their ale 
in quantities of two barrels, that is seventy-two gallons. 

For this purpose a quarter of malt (8 bus.) is obtained at the 
malt-house — or, if wished to be extra strong, nme bushels of malt 
— are taken, with hops, 12 lbs. ; yeast, 6 qts. 

The malt, being crushed or ground, is mixed with 72 ^rals. of 
water at the temperatu]^e of 160®, and covered up for 3 hours, 
when 40 gallons are drawn off, into which the hops are put, 
and Uit to infuse. Sixty gallons of water at a temperat\tre of 
Xjoo g^Q ^QQ added to tiie malt in the mash-tub, and wsU 





iDfzed, and »fter otaodiog 2 bourd, Bizty gallons are drawn off 
The ,wort|rom tbese two maehes is boiled with the bops (or two 
hours, and after being cooled down to 65 '^ , is strained tbrpngh a 
flannel bag into a fermenting tub, where it is mixed with the 
Teast and left t(> work .for 24 or 30 hours. It is then run into 
lianrels to oleanse, a few gallons being reserved for filling up the 
oasKs as the yeast works over. ., 

I Of <X)arse when the yeast is worked out it must be bunged. 
If one half a pint of this was taken each meal by men, and 
-^f that amount by females, and no other spirits, tea noi^ 
coffee, during tho day, I hesitate not in saying that I firmly 
h^eye it would conduce to health. I know that this, which 
.^ man makes himself, or some of the wines mentioned in 
this work, home-made, are all that any person ought to allow 
themselves to use in th^se days when dollars and cents are 
f^ governing influences of all who deal in such article?. 

10. Porter, Ale, or Wine, to Prevent Flatness in 
'P^;rs>,P Bottles for the Invalip.— gjck persons who 
l^e recommended to use ale, porter, or wine, and can only 
take a small glass at a time, nearly always find the last of 
the bottle flat or stale. 

To prevent this, put in the cork firmly, and turn the corkrend 
ydownwards in a large tumbler or other vessel nearly filled with 

This plan prevents communication with the external air. 

11. Crbam Nectar, Impe3ial.— First, take water 1 gal. ; loaf 
BUga^ ^ lbs. ; tartaric acid 8 oz. ; gum arable 1 oz. ; put into a 
suitable kettle and place on the fire. 

Second, take flour 4 teaspoons ; the whites of 4 eggs well beaten 
together with the flour, and add water A pt. ; when the fii-st 
is oiood warm put in the second, and boil tnree minutes, and it la 

Directions. — Three table-spoons of the syrup to a glass 
half or two'thirds full of water, and one-third teaspoon of 
super-carbonate of soda, made fine ; stir well, and drink at 
your leisure. 

I^In getting up any of the soda drinks which are 
spoken of, it will be found preferable to put about eight 
ounces pf super-carbonate, often called carbonate of soda. 
Into one pint pf water in a bottle, and shake when you 
wish to make a gloss of soda, and pour off this into the glass 
until it foams well, instead of using the dry soda as directed. 


«ii«n DBMBSianx. 


ISL Qofawn P©p.— Witer 6* gftli. ; ^ger root, brnfied, J lb. : 
tartaric acid ^ oz. ; white 8uj?ar 2J lbs. ; whites of 3 eggs, well 
beaten ; lemon oil 1 teaspoon ; yeast 1 gill. 

Boil the root for ililrty minutes in one gallon of the 
water, strain off, and put the oil in while hot ; mix. Make 
over night, and in the morning skini and bottle, keeping 
out sediments. 

13. Spanish Ginobr<ttb. — To each gal. of water put 1 lb. of 
white sugar; ^ oz. best b iiised ginger root ; 4 oz. of cream of 
tartar, and 2 lemons sliced. 

DiRECTtoNs.— In making 6 gals, boil the ginger and lemons 10 
minutes in 2 gals, of the water ; the sugar and cream of tartar to 
be dissolved in the cold water, and mix all, and add | pint of 
good yeast; let it ferment over night, strain and bottle in the 

This is a valuable recipe for a cooling and refreshing bev- 
eriige ; compounded of ingredients highly calculated to 
assist the stomateh, and is reeommeMded to persons suffering 
with Dyspe^a or Sick Headache. It is mut»b used in Ea- 
rop«ati (Countries, and persons having once tested its virtues 
will oon^tantiy use it as a common drink. And for saloons, 
or groceries, no temperance beverage will set it afiide. 

acid 1 oz. ; one good sized lemon j ginger root 1 oz. ; white sugar 
1^ lbs. ; water 2^ gals. ; yeast 1 gill. 

Slice the lemon, and bruize the ginger, mix all, except the 
yeast, boil the water and pour it upon them, and let stand until 
cooled to blood heat ; then add the yeast and let it stand in the 
sun tbrcHgh the day ; at ni^bt, bottle, tidng the corks, and in two 
days it Will be fit to use. — Mrs. Beecher, 

Be Bute and not drink over three or four bottles at one 

YEASTS— Hop YBAST.—Hops 1 oz. ; water 3 pts. ; flour 1 tea- 
cnp ; brown sugar 1 tablespoon ; salt 1 teaspoon ; brewers' or 
bakers' yeast 1 gill. 

Bt)il the hops twenty minutes in t^e water, strain into a 
jar, and stir in the flour, sugar, and salt, and when a little 
cool add the yeast, and after four or five hours cover up, 
and stand in a cool place or on the ice for use. 

The above makes a good family yeast, but the following 
is the ireguiar bakers' yeast, as they always keep t.he raalt on 





0B. chase's bxoipbs. 

2. Bakibrs* TEAST.—Hops 2 oz. ; water 1 gal. ; wheat flonr 2 Ibe. ; 
malt flour 1 pt. ; stock yeast | pt 

Boil the hops for thirty minutes in the water, strain, and 
let cool until you can well bear your hand in it ; then stir 
in the flour and yeast ; keep in a warm place until the fer- 
mention is well under way, and then let it work in a cooler 
place six or eight hours, when it should be put in pint bot- 
tles about half full, and closely corked and tied down. By 
keeping this in a very cool cellar, or ice house, it will keep 
for months, fit for use. But as it is often troublesome to 
obtain yeast to start with, I give you i^e *^ Distillers' Jug 
Yeast," starting without yeast. 

3. Juo Yeast, WnraouT Yeast to Start Wrra.— Hops } Ib.j 
water 1 gal. ; flue malt flour ^ pt. ; brown sugar ^ lb. 

Boil the hops in the water until quite strong, strain, and 
stir in the malt flour; and strain again through a coarse 
cloth, and boil again for ten minutes ; when lukewarm, stir 
in the sugar, and place in a jug, keeping it at the same 
temperature until it works oyer; then cork tight, and keep 
in a cool place. 

4. Yeast Cake.— Good sized potatoes 1 doz. ; hops 1 large 
handjfbl ; yeast ^ pt. ; corn meal sufficient quantity. 

Boil the potatoes, after peeling, and rub them through a 
cullender ; boil the hops in two quarts of water, and strain 
into the potatoes ; then scald sufficient Indian meal to make 
them the consistence of emptyings, and stir in the yeast and 
let rise ; then, with unscalded meal, thicken so as to roll 
out and cut into cakes, dry quickly, at first, to prevent 
souring. They keep better, and soak up quicker, than if 
made with flour. 

ICE CREAM.— Fresh cream } gal. ; rich milk I gal. ; white ' 
sugar 1 lb. ; some do use as much as 2 lbs. of sugar to the gallon, 
yet it leaves an unpleasant astringency in the turoat after eating 
thci cream, but please yourselves. 

Dissolve the sugar in the mixture, flavor with extract to suit 

Jour taste, or take the peel from a fresh lemon and stieep one- 
alf of it in as little water as you can, and add this—it makes the 
lemon flavor better than the extract— and no flavor will so univer- 
sally please as the lemon; keep the same proportion for any 
amount desired. The juice af strawberries or raspberries gives a 
Iwaoltfttl color and flavor to ice creams ; or about } «& of essence 



9r eztnots to a gallon, or to suit the taste. Have jonr ioe well 
broken ; 1 qt lalt to a backet of io^^ 

About half an bonr's constant stirring and oooasional 
scraping down and beating together, will freeze it. The 
old-fashioned freezer which turns in a tub of ice, makes 
smoother and nicer ice-cream than all the patent freezers I 
have seen ; and the plan of using the genuine cream and 
milk gives sufficient profit ; but I will give y in the best 
substitutes there are, in the following recipe, but the less 
jou eat of either the better will it be for your health, 

2. loB Cream, Ybbt Cheaf. — Milk 6 qts. ; Oswego com starch 
half a pound. 

First dissolve the starch in one quart of the milk, then 

mix all together, and just simmer a little (not to boil). 

Sweeten and flavor to suit your taste, as above ; or— 

3. Irish moss 1^ oz. ; milk 1 gal. ' 

First boak the moss in a little cold water for an hour, and rinse 
well to clear it of sand and a certain peculiar taste ; then steep it 
for an hour in the milk just at the boiling point, but not to boil ; 
it imparts a rich color and flavor without eggs or cream. The 
moss may be steeped twice. 

It is the Chicago plan. I have eaten it and know it to 
be very nice. A few minutes rubbing, at the end of freei- 
ing, with the spatula, against the side of the freezer, ^ves 
ioe cream a smoothness not otherwise obtained. 

WINES.— rCuBRANT, Ohebby, and othxr BxB&r 
Wines. — The juice of either of the above fruits can be 
used alone, or in combinations to make a variety of flavors, 
or suit persons who have some and not the other kinds of 

Express all the juice you can, then take an equal amount of 
boUing water and pour on the pressed fruit, let stand two hours, 
«queeze out as much as there is of juice, and mix, then add 4 lbs. 
of brown sugar to each gallon of the mixture ] let stand until 
worked, or 3 or ^ weeks, without a bung in a keg or barrel, 
simply putting a piece of gauze over the bung-hole to keep out 
flies ; when it is done working, bung it up. 

A oool ceUar, of coarse, is the best plaoe for keeping' 
innes, as they mast be kept where they will aofc ftina. 
Some pMBOBS ase only ooe-foarth jaioe, ia making friit^ 
^wiass,M4thna4milh8 water, bat you wiU bearinanaid 





f. 'i 


%i| the vine TPfU b^ good or }>ad, jusi in pvapovdon to %b 
water and sugar used. If oare is taken when you 6Z?>re8B 
ibe juice, to prevent the pulp or seeds from entering or 
remaining in the juioe, no other straining or racking TyiU be 
needed. Most persons also recommend putting in bran ly, 
but if anj spirit is used at all, let it be pure alcohol from ofte 
gi^, to one-half pint only per gallon, but the strength of 
juice I recommend, and the amcmt of sugar, remove nil 
necessity for any addition of spirit whatever. Bear in mind 
that all fruit of which you are to mskq wine ought to be 
perfectly ripe, and then make it as soon as possible there- 
after, not letting the juice ferment before t^e additiwi of 
the S4gar. If bottled, always lay them on the side. 

2. Ehubasb, or English Patknt Wine. — An agree- 
able and healthful wine is made from the expraeaed juioe of 
the garden rhubarb. 

To each gal. of jiiice, add 1 gal. of scrft water, in which 7 lbs. of 
thrown augar has been dissolved ; fill a ke^ or a barrel with this 
pri(»p()rtlt^, leaving the bung out, and keep it filled withaweetened 
water as it work*) over, until clear } then buqg down or bottie as 
you desire. 

These stocks will furnish about three-fowrths their'w^ight 
in juice, or from sixteen hundred to tfeo thousand gallons 
of wine to each acre of well cultivated plants. Fill the bar- 
rels and let them stand until spring, and bottle, as any wiao 
will be better in glass or stone. 

3. Some persons give Mr. Cahoon, of Kenosha, Wis., 
credit for originating pie-plant wine, but that is a mistake ; 

„4t has long been made in England, and has even been pa- 
tented in that country. They first made it by the following 
directioqs, which also makes a very nice article, but more 
applicable for present use than for keeping. 

For everv 4 lbs. of the stocks cut fine, pour on 1 gal. of boiling 
Water, adding 4 lbs. of brown sugar ; let stand covered 24 hours ; 
having also added a little cinnamon, allspice, cloves and nutmeg, 
braised, as may be dedred for flavoring ; then siraiit and let work 
a few days, and bottle. 

4. Tomato Winh.-— Express the juice from clean, ripe toniatoea, 
iBdto each gallon of it, (without any water,) imt brown sugar i 

I ifv^. Itvc'i.iA.r .uL>' 



aiLooK nmtsisiasst. 


bejgitaA-^tiiil otfg^t to be done in nuiking onyfhUt^ine. 
Sometbing of the character of a cheese preefi, hoop and 
cloth, is the best plan to squeeze out the juice of tomatoes 
or other fruits. Let ilie wine stand in a keg or barrel for 
two or three months ; then draw off in bottles, carefully 
avoiding the sediment. It makes a most delightful wine, 
having all the beauties of flavor belonging to the tomato, 
and I have no doubt all its medicinal properties also, either 
as a tonic in disea^, or as a beverage for those who are in 
the habit of using intoxicating beverages, and if such per- 
soDb would have the good sense to make some wine of this 
kind, and use it instead of rot-gut whisky, there would not 
be ooe-bundredth part of the '' snakes in the boot" that now 
curse oiir land. It must be tasted to be appreciated. I 
have it now, which is three years old, worth more than 
much pretended wine which is sold for three or four shilUiigB 
a pint. 

6. Tomato Cultivation, for Eably and Latb.— The "W^crrHrig 
Farmer says of the tomato plailt :— '' That It bears 80 per cent, of 
its fruits within IS inches of the ground, while more tl^an half 
tiie plant is above that part When the branehea are cut they dp 
not bleed, and they may therefore be shortened immedlaj.el^ above 
the large or eariy-settlng fruii-'^-^ --* *- « «*4»,. ,^a «*U''^" / b- 

" The removal of the small fruit on the entfe of the 
branches is no loss, for the lower fruit will swell to an un- 
natural size by trimming, and both a greater weight and 
measure of fruit will be the consequence, besides obtaining 
a large portion five to fifteen days earlier. The trimming 
should be done so as to have u few leaves beyond the fruit, 
to insure perfect ripening. The imporiance of early manur^^ 
iug is too evident to need comment. The burying of the^ 
removed leaves immediately around the plant is a good 
practice, both by insuring full dibturbance of the soil, and 
by the presenting of a fertilizer progressed pi cisely to the 
point of fruit making. The portions buried decay rapidly, 
and are rapidly assimilated." If wanted very early and 
large, trim off all except two or three upon each plant. ^ 

6. To ripen late tomato< h, pull the plants having green toma- 
toes un them, before the coqmieucem«int uf trosts, and hang then 
in a well ventikiL«»d cellar, i** J, .^^^^^ ^^^^JUi *t»J rr^u^r-i ;3r;i 

^ The fruit will continue to ripen until early winter, espe^ 
cially y£ the oelkr is eool ao^dainp*^ %- .v vf^f; *^my^^,^t , 







7. Thb Tomato as Food. — Dr. Bennett, a professor of 
some celebrity, considers the tomato an invalnable article of 
diet, and ascribes to it various important medical properties. 

^ I%r8t — ^That the tomato is one of the most powerful aperients for 
the liver and other organs ; where ccdomel is mdicated, It is proha- 
bly one of the most effective and least harmftil remedial agents 
known to the profession. Second— Hi&t a chemical extract wul be. 
obtained from it that will supersede the use of calomel in the cure< 
of disease. Third— ^Q.t he has successftilly treated Diarrhcea 
with this article alone. Iburih—Hiat when used as an article of 
diet, it is an almost sovereign remedy for Ih/spepsia, and indigestim. 
F\ifOir-i\idA it should be constantly used for daily food, either 
cooked or raw, or in the form of catchup ; it is the most healthy 
article now in use. 

Knowing personally the value of the tomato in disease, 
for food and wine, I freely give all the information regard* 
ing it which I can, that others may make as free use of it as 
health and economy demand, consequently, I give you the 
next item, which I have learned just as the type were being 
set, upon this subject in 1860. - ' ' ^ 

8. Tomatoes as Food for Cattle. — Mr. Davis, the 

editor of the ^' Michigan State News,'' Ann Arbor, Mich., 

says, ^' that he has fed his cow, this season, at least ten 

bushels of tomatoes." , ^ ^ 

His plan is to mix a little bran with them (3 qts. to a half bushel 
of tomatoes, when fed ;) they cause an excellent flow of rich and 
delicious milk. 

He did not think of it until after the frosts, when ob- 
serving them going to waste, he thought to see if she would 
eat them, which she did freely, from the commencement. I 
^have also known pigs to eat them, but this is not common. 
In 1862, 1 found my cow to eat them as freely as spoken 
of by Mr. Davis. » 

9. Wine, from Whitb Curbamts.— -Ripe, white currants, any quan* 
tity ; squeeze out the juice, and put on water to get out as much 
more as there is of the juic^, and mix the two, and to each gallon 

^^ put '6\ lbs. of sugar ; let it work without boiling or skimming for 
2 or three months, then rack off and bottle. 

The white currant has less acidity than the red, and does 
not reqmre as much sugar. I have ns^er tasted currant 
wine equal to this. 

10. GiNOBB WiNB.— Alcohol of 98 per cent 1 qt ; best ghiger 





loot, braised, 1 oz. ; cayenne 5 grs ; tartaric add 1 dr. ; let Btand 
1 week and filter, or draw off hj faucet above the sediment. 
Now add 1 gal. of water in which 1 lb. of crushed sugar has 
been boiled. Mix when cold. To make the color, boil ^ oz. of 
cochineal, f oz. of cream of tartar, | oz. of saleratus, and | oz. 
of alum, m 1 pt. of water until you get a bright red color, and 
[use a proper amount of this to bring the wine to the desired 
I color. 

i , .'■^■ 

This wine is suitable for nearly all the purposes for which 
any wine is used, and a gallon of it will not cost more than 
a pint of many wines sold throughout the country for med- 
icinal purposes, represented to be imported from Europe. 
Let a man, suffering with a bad cold, drink about half a 
I pint of this wine ^'ot, on going to bed, soaking his feet at 
the same time in hot water fifteen or twenty minutes, and 
Uovering up warm and sweating it out until morning, then 
[washing off his whole body with cool or cold water, by 
means of a wet towel, and rubbing briskly with a coarse dry 
towel for four or five minutes, will not be able to find his 
cold or any bad effects of it in one case out of a hundred. 
[Ladies or children would take less in proportion to age and 
strength. Females in a weakly condition, with little or no 
ippetite, and spare in flesh, from food not properly digest- 
ing, but not yet ripened into actual indigestion, will find 
Imost entire relief by taking half a wine-glass of this wine, 

renty minutes before meals, and following it up a month 
)r two, according to their improved condition, ifi'or family 
it is just as good without color, as with it. 

11. Blacsberbt WiNE.^Ma8h the berries, and pot.^ 1 qt. of 
)iliDg water to each gal. ; let the mixture stand 24 hours, stir- 
Qg occasionally ; then strain and measure into a keg, adding 2 

[bs. of sugar, and good rye whiskey 1 pt, or best alcohol § pt. to 

toch gal. 

Cork tight, and let it stand until the following October, 
md you will have wine fit for use, without further straining 
>r boiling, that will make lips smack as they never smocked 
mder its influence before. 

I feel assured that where this fruit is plenty, that this 
fine should take the place of all others, as it is invaluable 

sickness as a tonic, and nothing is better for bowel dis- 
I therefore give the recipe for making it, and having 
ried it myselfi X speak advisedJj on the sul^eott t 



' ? 

- TOb Z>«>27<«f Tlvtm^ Cinomnatl, 0., fitst pnblislled this 
itoipe, hot ttsing any spirits, but I find tbat it will often 
sour Without it. 

' 12. Lawton Blaokbbrrt— Its Ottltivation.— An 
editor at Cold water, Mich., says of this fruit ; — '* That where 
it is best known it is one of the most popular small fruits 
that has ever been cultivated. It has been known to pro- 
duce over one thousand full-grown ripe berries in one season 
on a single stalk ; the average size of fruit being from three- 
fourths to one and a half inches in diameter ; quality excel- 
lent, very juicy, seeds very small, and few in number. Five 
quarts of berries will make one gallon of juioe, which, 
mixed with two gallons of water and nine poimds of refined 
sugar, will make three gallons of wine, equal in quality to 
the best grape wine. Professor M^es, and many others, 
who have tested the qualities of the same as a wine fruit, 
speak of it in terms of the highest praise. 

13. Port Winb.— Fully ripe wild grapes 2 bu. } best alcohol 3 
gals. ; sugar 25 lbs. ; water to fill a barrel. 

Mhsh the grapes without breaking the seed ; then put 
them into a barrel with the sugar and aleohol, and fill up 
with rain water, and let it lie a few weeks in the sun ; or if 
die weather has become cold, in a warm place, then in the 
cellar until spring ; then rack off and bottle, or place in per- 
feotty clean kegs or barrels, and you have a better article 
than nine-tenths of wh6t is represented as impoiied Port: 

14. Cider "WlNlll. — Prof. Horsford, a celebrated chemist, 
communicated the following recipe to the Hortioultural 
'Sopiefy of Massachusetts, and recommends it foir general | 


' " Let the new cider from sonr apples (riite, souad fimit preferred) 
femsffiot from oae to three weeks, as tbe we^er ItB warm or cool. 
Whea it has ftttfuned to a lively fermentatida asdd to eao^ gallon, 
accbrdiog to ltd acidity, from \ a lb. to 2 lbs. of white cru^ed 
sugar, and let the whole ferment until it possesses precisely 
the iaite wMeh it is desired ^mild be pertna'nent. In ^his con- 
ditioju pour out a quarl of the eider, amd add tbr each ^lon \ j 
ez.' of ftvLlphiie of lime, not <9ulphate. Stir the poir'^w and cid<!f 1 
u'ntii tntimafely mixedf, and return the emulsion to tlie ferment- ' 
log liquid. Agitate briskly and thoroughly to'x a f&w moments, 
And then let the nid^ settle Fcdnneiitott^ji WHl ^eilfl^'iit onc«. 



»t alcohol 3 

folly, to ay 

_^^, t a few dajs, tiie o{d9r bas become Dlear^ draw off CM«r 
__y7to'aVoid the eediment, an3 bottle. If loosely corlk^d, wpf^h ^ 
is better, it will become a sparkling cider wine, and may he ifi^i ^ 
indefinitely long- 

This has been tried with varied success ; those wlio dQ not 
think it too much to follow the directions^ obtain a eood j 
article, but others, supposing it to do just as well witTioat ^ 
sugar, or drawing off, or bottling, have found but little sat*' I 
isfaction— tb^ -bave no i^ason to expect any ; and jet tbiiy 
might be wefi satisfied to obtain a good wine freni the-, 
orchard, even witb all the above requisitions. 

15. Grapb WmB. — "Ripe, freshly picked, and selected, tamft'^ 
grapiea, 20 lbs. f put th«m into a stone jar and pour over them S 
qtl. of boiling soit water ; when sufficiently cool to allow it, you - 
wUil aqneese them thoroughly with the hand; after wMeh allow^ 
them to stand S days on the pomace witb a cloth thrown over 
the jar, &en squeeee out the juice and add 10 lbs. of nies crushed ^r 
sugar, and let it remain a week longer in the jar ; then take off ^ 
the scum, strain and bottle, leaving a vent, until done fermentmg, 
when stmin apun and bottlo tig&t, and lay the bottles on the 8idA# 
in a cool place." 

This wine is the same as used by the Rev. Orrin Whtt- 
more, of Saline, Mich., for sacramental purposes. I have 
tast^ it myself, and would prefer it for medicinal uses to 
uiiierteQths of tJie wino sold in this country. With age, it 
is nie«. I am of the opinion that^ it might just as well ro> 
main in the jar until it is desired to bottle, and thus Save the 
trouble of the extra straining. For I have now wine, font 
ye^trsold in my cellar, made in Evansville, Ind., f^om the ; 
gr^i wbjiob was made without the addition of any particllB , ' 
of matter whatever. Simply, the juice pressed out, hauled 
in ft«m the vinery, put into very large easks in a oool cellar, 
not even racked off again under one y^ar from the time 
of making. It taatea exactly like the grape itself; this, you 
will perceive, saves much trouble in racking, straitiing, &o. 
I am told by otJier wine makers also, that if care is obscrvecl ^ 
wben the juice is pressed out to keep dear of the pomace, i|, 
thflA wine is better to stand without racking or straining^ 
and' that nothing is found in the barrels, after the first year, 
save the crude tartar or wine-stone, as some call it, which all 
grape wine deposits on th^ side of the cask. Tliese wiqes 
ire W9t^ \f«f Impropriate lor sa^raweatal and ai^iouaiii 


i »ftiJ J~- ' - 




li :i! 

pnrp0668, And far more pure than can be pvrolifuied onoe in 
a hundred times^ and if one nakes their own, they have the 
latisfaotion of knowing that their wines are not made of 
what is vulgarly, yet truly called, '' Rot gut whisky." 

16. CoLOBiNO FOB WiNES.— White sugar, 1 lb. ; water 1 gill : put. 
into &n iron kettle, let boil, and burn to a red black, and tniok ; 
remove from the fire and add a little hot water to keep it from 
hardening as it coolb ,* then bottle for use. 

Any of the foregoing wines can be colored with this, 99 
desired, but for family use I never use any color. 

17. Stomach BrrrERS Equal to Hosteters', for One-Fourth rrs 
Cost, and Sohssdam Schnapps Exposed. — ^European Gentian root, 
1 1-2 oz. ; orange peel 2 1-2 oz. ; cinnamon 1-4: oz. ; anise seed 1-2 
oz. ; coriander seed 1-2 oz. ; cardamon seed 1-8 oz. ; ungronnd 
Peravian bark 1-2 oz. ; gum kino 1-4 oz. ; bmise all Uiese artioles, 
and put them into the best alcohol 1 pt. ; let it stand a week and 
pour off the clear tincture; then boil the dregs a few minutes in 
1 qt of water ; strain and press out all the strength ; now dissolve 
loaf sugar 1 lb., in the hot liquid, adding 3 qts. cold water, and mix 
with the spirit tincture first poured off, or you can add these, and 
let it stand on the dregs if preferred. 

18. NOTR— ScHnsDAM Schnapps, Fai^elt so CALLBn.-<-It is gene* 
rally known that in Schiedam, Holland, they make the best quality 
of Gin, calling it " Schiedam Schnapps,'' consequently it might be 
expected that unprincipled men would undertake its imitation; 
bat hardly could it have been expected that so base an imitation 
would start into existence under the guidance of a man, wJio, at 
least, calls himself Aono}(2{)Ze. ; . 

Take gentian root 1-4 lb. ; orange peel 1-4 lb. ; puds 1-2 lb. ; 
(bat if this last cannot be obtained, poma aurantipr, unripe 
oranges), or agaric 1-4 lb. ] best galMigal 1-4 lb. ; centaury 1-4 
lb.— cost $1 20. Pnt pure spirits, 10 gals., upon them and let 
them steuid 2 weeks ,* stir it every day, and at the end of that time 
put three . gallons of this to one barrel of good whisky ; then bot- 
tle and label ; and here follows the label : 

OnjBBTio, Anti-Dtspbptio, and iNVioonATiNO CoBouu — This Medi- 
OAL Bevbraob is manufactured at Scheidam, in Holland, and is 
warranted free from every injurious property and ingredient, and 
•f the best possible quality. 

Its extraordinary medicinal properties in Gravel, Goat, Chronic 
Rheumatism, Incipient Dropsy, Flatulency, Cholio Pains of the 
Stomach or Bowels, whether in adults or infants. In all ordi- 
nary coses of obstruction in the Kidneys, Bladder,* and Urinary 
organs, in Dyspepsia, whether Acute or Chronic, in general 
Debittly, flnggiih C^utotion of the Blood, libdeqaate /nliai-; 




ladon of Food, and Exhansted Vital Energy, are acknowledged by 
the wbole Medical Faculty, and attested in tbeir highest written 

I purchased the foregoing recipe of an eztensiye dealer in 
EvansTille, Ind. ; he put up Sie stuff in quart bottles, and labeled 
it as I have shown you ; his label was got up in splendid style, 
bronzed Idtera, and sent out to the world as pun " Schiedam 
Schnapps" at $1 per bottle. 

I have given you the whole thing, that the thousands into 
whose hands this book may &11 shall know what confidence, or 
that no wr^idence whatever, can be placed in the ** Advertised 
Nostrums " of the day, but that tl^e only security we have is to 
fMke our own or go to those persons whom we know to be scientiflc, 
(Main their prescription and fcnoua their counsel. Every person 
knows that real Holland Gin possesses diuretio and other valuable 
properties; and who would not suppose he was getting a genuine 
article firom this Flaming t Bronte-crested Ldhd^ pointing outespeci- 
ally all the complaints that Sehitdamilonws are vxmt to complain of t 
An6L yet not one drop of gin to a barrel of it And my excuse for 
this estpoaure is that theu and aU who may have oocMion to use 
such articles may know mat " good whisky " ought to be afforded 
at less than $4 per gallon, even if $1 2Q worth of bitter tonics are 
put into ^ barrels of the precUms stiuff. 

Then take our advice where gin or otber liquor Is need9d| M 
me&tioaed in the firat redpe in the Medical Department 




I would give an introdnotory word of Oandion in this 

Whenever yon bny an article of medicine which is not 
regularly labeled by the Druggist, have him, in all cases, 
write the name upon it. In this way yon will not only 
save numey^ bnt perhaps life. Arsenic, phosphorus, lauda- 
num, acids, &c., shoula always be put where children cannot 
eet at them. And always purchase the best quality of 
umgs to insure success,, 

Alcohol— In Medioinis, Prefibablb to Bkandt, 
fk^y oj^ Gin of ths Present Dat.— There is no one 
UuDg doing so much to bolster up the tottering yet strong 
tower of Intemperance, as the vld Fogy Physicians, who 
lie QODstaatly pvefionbiug theee articles to their patieoifl^ 



VWD' ' iWkiiSl'A UMH0IM 

[ !l 


' ^1 

iiiid iwje^bftlf of the iWdii fev it tttb cover iH Mlfs of 
their own conStfttit use of these beverages. This nnneotts- 
sary call for these articles thus used ^a a medicine, keeps up 
a large demand; and when we take into consideration the 
almost iijjpossibility of obtaining a genuine article, the sin 
of prescribing them becomes so much the greater, when it 
is also known by all really scientific men that with alcohol 
(which is pure) and the native fruit wines, cider, and cider 
wines, (which every one can make for themselves, and Can 
thus know their purity,) that all the indications desired to 
be fulfilled in' curing disease can be acoomplisbed without 
•their use. 

Then, wben !t is deei^ed advisable to use epirito to preserve 
%ny bittipr? or syrups from souring, instead of 1 ql. of brandy,' rum 
or ^in, use the best alcohol ^ pi, with about 2 or 3 ozs. of crusbftd 
Bttjj^ar for this amount, increasing or lewening according to the 
aip9un,t desire^ in these proportjiorDs. If a diuretic efibct is de- 
sired, wl^ich is calculated to arise where gin is prescribed, put 1 
;dr. of oil of juniper into toe alcohol befor^ rednoing with the 
"#titer ; 6r if the preparation admits of it, you may put in fhom 1 
to 2 ozs. of juniper berries instead of the oil. If the ctsiringeni 
'it0iei is desired, ds f rom brandy, use, say, | ^z; of gum tlno or 
catch a, either, or ^ hM,& of each Inaybfi u^. If the MMHrtg Or 
opening properties are required, as indicated by the prescription 
of rvtm, sweeten with molasses in place of the sugar, and use 1 dr. 
of oil.of caraway, or 1 to 2 om. of the seed for &e above amount, 
as the jumper berries for gin. 

If the strength lof wine only is fle^Fed, an 1; qt. of the ginger 
wine, or if that fl%VOir ts tidt fahcied, use any ouer of the wines oa 

IjMpnted by^thepjifipi*. ,. -fir^qul ^ -li^ ' '-A ^''^\ ■' 

But no one should use any of the descriptions of f^HMNMi fif b 
constant beverage, even in medicine, unless a^^vised to do so by a 
ptijamBji fJD^'is not hifMi^ a toper, ' ' ' ' 

17 ^ihtlies will fbliow the dlreotioiifl above giteh, audi 
ti#'pfojfei^ c^rei in making s6me of the various fruit wines 
its^ivei) itt this book for medical use, pi^paring cider, &c. 
wIMf'fe often used in prescriptions, they \fould seldotn. if 
evei», be obliged to call for the pretended pure br^ndie&i, 
rums, gins, &c., of commerce, and intemperance w6uld die a 
paturad death fbr want of support 

Aitd ynu will please allow me here to correct a cbntttitm 
•yi«r, with regard to the pri»etied of aeidohol in win^; It 
l»^n«»aliy supposed that winfe made from Mit, Withont 
|R|t<!iiij9|oi^ kiAds lyf iplrkf ilitdii})'iM«^^ dVoMtt^ 

afedhdli fe^t ttpettvt teA^Mks aoM iM»#«xi«t in tbe world. 
Any £r«it, Che Juitib of Whiflh Will not paflg htto the Vinous 
fermeiiialion by whieh aWiol is produced, will not make 
^ine at all ; distillation will produce brandy or aloobol from 
any of these fermeoted liquors^ 

There is no wiVe of niiy note, coniofniolg less thein 10 parts of 
alcohol to 190 parts of th6 wine ; and firom that amonnt np to 2$^^ 
parts ; cntraitt 20| ; gtatfihenh^ llf J citter from 6 to 9 parts'; 
porter 4^ ; even small beer 1^ pa#ts or qta to 100 qts. 

So it will be se^ thftt ^teiry quart of ffnit wiod not macle 
fi>r medioiii^ or aMraraeBtal purpoeeS) helps to build up the 
cause (iat^mpetaftoe) whi^ we lUl so muoh desire not to 
enOoOKige^ And for those who take any kind of spirits &r 
tb^ ««i(rt ef the spirit, let me give yeu the fbllowiog : 

2. 8]^iBiT<rAi< Faots.^— That whis^key is the kegf by 
which BMiiy giJn entninee into our prisons and almEouses. 

d. That brandjf hraiidt the noses of all thote who cannot 
goforn Ih^ lippotites. 
>^^4. Tfatit jtaMo^ is the oftnse of many «n-fdend1y jnmdUf. 

ff, Thtt dfe cMiMS the tMmgi^ while h^er hrinf to the 

^ TkUt minieumm mta^ to taks a wMmg way home. 

7. Thit 4siUil»t*pigBe is the souree of milny real pains* 
'a ^FkK»tf(Mlj|^hftve **«&»ved" more than "si^t^^ 

hAGUS IGBDIOINBS^-Dr, Kiuboer's PxLLS.-^Qttinine 20 grs. ; 
Dover's powders 10 grs. ; sub-carbonate of iron 10 grs. ; mts with 
ifiuoifage Of mn ar{»)ic &nd fbnh into 20 pills. Doss— Two each 
hcror, cofBmeltcinif 5hcuM b^fbre th« chili should set in. Then 
ta&e one night and mnrlumi^, until all are taken. 

'I oofed myself of Agne with this pill after having it hang 

on to me for three years with all the common remedies o£ 

the day, five w^ks being the bngest I could keep it off, 

until I obtained the above pill. This Was before t had 

studied medicine. I have cured many others with it afeo/ 

never having to repeat the dose only in one case. 

In attacks of Ague, it is best to take an active cathartio 

immediately after the first ' fit/ unless the bowels are lax, 

whieh is not generally the oade^ and by the time Uie cathar- 

%it'\m wpikiwl off welly yon will be prepared to go ahead 

with the ' oore^ as soon as yoa kxiow its feriiodioal xetiixn« 


SB. obasb's Bsams. 




I i 



2. For very yonng ohXidrmi nothing is better than 6 or 9 gt. of 
qninine in a 2 oz. vial with 1 tablespoon of white sugar, then (111 
with water. Doss — A teaspoon given as above, as to time. A 
thick solution of licorice, however, liides the taste of the qnhiine 
quite effectnally. 

5. AfiUB BiTTEBs.— Qoinine 40 grs. ; capsicnm 20 grs. ; doves 
4 oz. ; cream of tartar 1 oz. ; whiskv 1 pt. ; Mix. Dose^I to 2 
tablespoons every 2 hoars, beginDing 8 honrs before the chill 
oomes on, and 3 times daily for several days.^ Or, if preferred 
without spirits, take the following : 

i. AouB PowDEB. — Quinine 10 grs. : capsicum 4 grs. : mix and 
divide into 3 powders. Direotions — Take one 4 hours oefore the 
chill, one 2 hours, and the third one hour before the chill ihonM 
conunence, and it will very seldom commence again. Or 

6. Agub Mixture withottt Quinine. — Mrs. Wada- 
worthj a few miles soutli of this city, has been using tho 
following Ague mixture over twenty years, oaring, she saySj 
more than forty cases, without a failure. She ta]^e8 — ^ 

Mandrake root, fresh dug, and pounds it ; then squeezes out tiie 
juice, to obtain 1| table-spoons ; with which she mixe the same 
quantity of molasses, dividing into 3 equal doses of ^le-spoon 
eaoh, to be given 2 hours apart, commencing so as to ..«ike all an 
lionr before the chill. 

It sickens and vomits some, bat she says, it will soaroely 
ever njsed repeating. Then steep dog-wood bark, (some 
call it box-wood,) m&ke it strong, and continue to dni)k it 
freely for a week or two, at least. " r-i; 

6. Ague Cure, bt a Olairyotant. — There is nodoabt 
in my mind but what there is much virtue in the following 
clairvoyant prescription, for I have knowledge of tJie value 
of one of tho roots. See Cholio remedy : 

Bine vervain, leaf and top, 1 lb. ; bone set i lb. ; t^ rye 
whiskey 1 gal. 

The dose was not given, but most persons would take a 
wine glass five or six times daily. 

7. Ague Cured for a Penny. — It has been discovered 
that nitric acid is of great value in the treatment of Inter- 
mittent Fever, or Ague. A physician adminis^tered the 
ftrticle in twenty-three cases of such fever, and it was sue- 
liesflful in all but one, in interruptiDg the paroj^rauiy and 
tibere occurred no relapse. 



In the minority of oases, ft or 6 drops of the Ktrong add, gbea 
In a little gum maoflu^e, every 2 hoars, until 60 drops had been 
taken, were found student to break the fever, and restore tb« 
patient to health. The foregoing confirms the following : 

8. AouB Amodtnb.— Muriatic acid and laudanum, of each } oz. ; 
quinioe 40 grs. : brandy 4 ozs. Take 1 teaspoon, 9, 6, and 3 hours 
before the chill, until broken ; then at 17, 14, and 21 days after, 
take 3 doses, and no relapse will be likely to occur. 

I am well satisfied that any preparation of opimn, as lau- 
danum, morphine, &c., which affect the nerves, are valuable 
in ague medicine, from its intimate connection with, if not 
entirelv confined to, the nervous system ; hence the advan- 
tage of the first Ague pill, the opium being in the Dover's 

I have given this large number of preparations, and fol- 
low with one or two more, from the fact that almost every 
physician will have a peculiar prescription of his own, ana 
are generally free to contribute their mite for the benefit of 
the world ; and as I have seen about as much of it as most 
book-makers, I have come in for a large share. The nature 
of the articles recommended are such also as to justify their 
insertion in this work. 

9. Febbifugb Wine.— Quinine 25 grs, ; water 1 pt. ; snlphnrio 
acid 15 drops ; epsom salts 2 ozs. ; brandy 1 gill ; loaf sugar 2 ozs. ; 
color with tincture of red sanders. Doss— A wine glass 3 timet 
per day. 

This is highly recommended by a regular practising phy- 
sician, in one of the ague holes (Saginaw) of the west. It, 
of course, can be taken without any previous preparation 
of the system. 

10. ToNio Wine TmoruBX.— A podtive cure for Ague without 
quinine. Peruvian bark 2 ozs. ; wild cherry tree bark 1 oz. : cin- 
nanum 1 dr. ; capsicum 1 teaspoon ; sulphu; 1 oz. ; port wme 2 
qts. Let stand a week, shal^mg occasionally. All the articles 
are to be pulverized. Dose — A wine glass every 2 or 3 hours 
through the day until broken, then 2 or 3 times per day unUl all is 

Always buy your Peruvian bark, and pulverize it your- 
self, as most of Uie pulverized article is generally adulterated. 
This is the reason why more cures are not pei^ormed by it^ 

11. Soot Coffee — Has cured many cases of ague, after 
''(Bv^rythiog dsc" had failed ; it is made as follows ; 



Hi i 

) I 

i 1 
i ' ! 






n^idMnnm 'n fiBaBEMk ' 

Soot Mrop^ fr«m » cbiiooey (that frofivMoi^e^plMf dooa «<H 4^^), 
1 tablespoon, steeped in wiiter 1 pt., uid settled with 1 egg beaten 
up in a little water, as for other coffee, with sugar and cre^m ; 3 
times daily with the meals in place of other coffee. 

It has oome in very muoh to aid reatoratioa in Tjph<Hd 
Fever, bad casea of Jaundice, Dyspepsia, &o., &e. 

Many person! will stick up their noses at tbese " Old 
GrandmoUwr pfescriptions," but 1 tell many " upstart Phy- 
aiciaDS," that our grandmothers are carrying i^ore informa- 
tion out of the world by their deaths than will ever be 
possessed by this clsfis of '' snilTers,*' apd I really thank 
Qodj so do thousands of .others, that He has enabled me, in 
this work to redeem such an amount of it for the bene^t of 
the world. 

12. Balmony } of a pint baein of loqae leaves* All with boiling \ 
water and steep ] dripK the whole hi the course of the day, and 
repeat 3 or 4 days, or until well. 

It has cured many cases of Ague. It is v&bu&Uo in 
Jaundice and all diseases of the Liver; and also for wormSy 
by the mouth and by injection. It is also valuable in Dys- 
pepsia, Inflammatory and Febrile diseases genendly. 

NIGHT SWEATS— To Beliuve.— After Agues, Fe- 
vers, ^0., and in Consumption, many nersons are troabldd 
with '' Night Sweats ;" they are caused hy wenkjiiiift cf g@llo 
eral debility. For its relief: 

Take Ess. of T%nsy I oz. ; alcohol ^en. ; water | o& j qilLililne 15 
gn, ; muriate aoid 80 drops ; mix, Dosn-nOne watpcHPn in a gill 
of oold aajilfe tea. 

It should be taken two or three times during the di^« lai4 
at bed time ; and the cold sage tea should be used freely as 
a drink, also, nntil eured. It will even cure A^e, <Uso, by 
repeating the above dose every heur^ beginning twelve to 
flueen hours before the chill. 

FEYEHS— General Impboyib Tabatmiciit vobBxl* 

I0IT8, Typhoid, and Soaelet Fevees, CoNGE^T^v■ 


YEB IN Chijj>bin. — ^The symptoms gf Fever are generally 
understood, m^ 1 will g^\» thip ph»ro(|tei:i9tio £ei9^iiire4 by 

KIM0AI< t1ipp%y f^yf?fF^ 

a hot alun ; a quiokened pulne, with a weak and Ungnid 

feeling of distreFS ; also, loss of appetite, thirst, restlansDeas, 
Bounty excretions ; iu fact, every functiun of the body is 
more or less deraaged. Of coarse, then, that which will 
restore all the different machinery to healthy action, will 
restore health. That is n^iat the following febrifuge has 
done in hundreds of cases — so attested to by " Old Doctor 
Cone," fVom whose work oo '^ Fevers and Febrile Diacases," 
I first, obtained the outlinea of the treatment, and it givea 
me pleaeufe to aeknowiedge my indebtednesa to bim tkrougli 
fourteen veara of neighborhood aequaintanee, always findine 
him a^ Willing to communicate, ^s qualified to pra^tioe, and 
daring, in breaking away Irom '* Medioal Society Bttlaa," to 
accomplish good. 


V8RMiFDOfl FOB Fkvbm iN (sriDimitAT^^Gatboftate 6f antn^ia 
2 dfg. ; alom 1 dr. ; capsicum, foreign gentian. Colombo root and 
Pfuisia^ 4)f iron, all pulverized, ot «ach i dr. ; mix, by puttiiig 
into a Dot tie. adding cold wat^T 4 ozfi. Poas— One tea9ppon to a 
grown person, every two hours, in common cases ot fever, It may 
be sweetened if preferred. Shake well each time befcHie giving, 
and ke^p the battle tightly porked. 

The philosophy of this treatment is, the carbonate of am- 
monia neutralises the acidity of the stomach^and ^jb^^riHiinps 
to, and ralaxes the surface ; and with the capaiouih if i|r1>Qn- 
dred per cent, more efficient The alum oonstringea, sobtbea, 
and aids in relieving the irritated and engorged poucoua mem- 
brane of the stomach, and finally operates a? a gentle laxa- 
tive. The Colombo and gentian are gently astringent and 
stimulating, but chiefly tonic, and the Pmssiate of iron is 
tonic: and in their combination are, (as experience will nnd 
has proved) the most affieient and safe Febrifuge, in ill 
forms and grades ^f fever, yet known. We th6i-e£»i« wish to 
state that) after twenty-five years' experience in the treat- 
ment of disease, we have not been able to obtain a know- 
ledge of any oeanse of treatment that will begin to oompave 
\nm 0hat given above, for the certain, ^eedy and eifeoiaal 
oarooif all forms of ^ver; and all that is roquiaite, is, to 
have sufficient confidence in the course of tveatmeni iooom- 
moDdf^; jlo'^se it from three to ^ve, tmd In ^exlreine oaaciB, 
mm da-ys^ a« directed, and that oen^denoe will bo inapired 
iftaU >wlbo iiae U, iih0th«r Physioia^ (if ii»{ir$|^diof4^ pv 

I' ' 

■ p 



paiient, or tho heads of families ; remembef all pnoesseB in 
nature require time for their aocomplishment. 

After the patient has heen twenty-four hours without 
fever, or if the patient he pale, hlanohed, with a oool sur- 
face and feehle pulse, at the commencement of feyer, pre- 
pare the following : « 

2. Febrifugb Tea.— Take Virginia snake root and valerian root, 
of eacb 2 drs. ; boiling water 1 pt Pour the boiling water on the 
rootc d steep half »^^i hour, and give a teaspoon of the Febrifage 
and tablespeon of this Tea together, every 2 hours, and after he 
has been another 24 hours witi^out fever, give it every three or 
four hours, until the patient has good appetite and digestion, then 
three limes daily, Jast before meals, until the patient has gained 
considerable strength, when it may be entirely discontinued ; or 
he may continue the simple infusion to aid digestion. 

A strong tea of wild cherry hark makes the host suhsti- 
tute for the snake root tea, and especially if mercury has 
heen previously used in the case, and if it has, it is hest to 
ocntiuue the cherry hark tea ointil the patient is entirely 

A patient using this treatment, if hilious, may vomit hile 
a few times, or if there is congestion of the stomach, he will 
probably vomit occasionally for a few hours, but it will soon 
subside. It will not purge, except a patient be very bilious, 
in which case there will probably be two or three bilious 
disohai^ges ; but it gives so much tone to the action of the 
stomach and bowels ae to secure regular operations ; but if 
the bowels should not be moved in two or three days, give 
injections of warm water, or warm water with a little salt 
in it 

Give the patient all the plain, wholesome diet, of any 
kind, he will take ; especially broiled ham, mush and rich 
milk, boiled rice, milk or dry totist, hot mealy potatoes, 
boiled or roasted, with good fresh butter, &c., hi. ; and good 
pure ooid water, or tea and coffee, seasoned to the taste, as 
drinks, and keep the person and bed clean, and room quiet 
and undisturbed by conversation, or any other noise, and 
see that it is well ventilated. 

If the>e should be extreme pain in the head when the 
fever is at the highest, or in the back or loins, and delirium 
ftt i%hty with intolerance of light and noise | in such cases. 



in addition to keoping the room oool^ dark and qniet, as:d 
giving the febrifuge regularly, as above direoted, take tibe 

following : 

3. Fever LiNiMBNT.--Sa1pbario ether and aqna ammonia, of each 
1 oz. : muriate of ammonia ^ oz. ; mix and shake the bottle, and 
wet toe scalp and all painftil parts, every 2 or 3 honni, until the 
pain abates. Keep Ughtly corked. 

After the application of the liniment, fold a mnslin o^th 
four or five thiokneases, dip it in cold water, end apply it 
to the head or anv ^t afflicted with eevere pain ; or to the 
pit of the stomacn, if there be much vomiting ; and it may 
be renewed eveiy three or four hours. 

Besides the above treatment, dip a towe* in oold water, 
and rub the patient off briskly and thoroughly, and be care- 
ful to wipe perfectly dry, witi a clean, hot and dry towel ; 
this may be repeated every three or four hours, if the skin 
be very hot and dry ; but if the surface be pale, cool, moist, 
livid, or lead-colored, omit the general sponging ; but the 
face, neck and hands may be washed occasionaUv, but be 
sure to wipe perfectly dry with a clean, hot and dry towel. 
But if he be very pale and blanched, with a cool or cold 
surface, or have a white circle around his mouth and nose, 
or be covered with a cold clammy perspiration, eive the 
Febrifuge every hour, until the above symptoms disappear, 
giving the patient hot coffee or tea, pennyroyal, sa^'e, Imm, 
or mint tea, as hot as he can sup them, and m freely as pos- 
sible, and make hot applications to hi^ person, and put a 
bottle of hot water to the soles of his feet ; and after this 
tendency to prostration is overcome, then give the Febrifuge 
onco in two hours as before only. 

Children will use the medicine in all respects as directed 
for grown persons, giving to a child one year old a fourth of 
a teaspoon ; or fifteen drops; if under a year old, a little 
less, (we have frequently arrested Cholera tnfantum with the 
Febrifuge, in children under six months old, and in some in- 
stances under a month old,) and increase the dose in propor- 
tion to the ag^ above a year old, giving half a teaspoon to 
a child from three to six, and three-fourths of a teaspoon 
from six to ten years old, and so on ; and be sure to offer 
obiidren some food iscveral times a day, the b^t of which is 
broiled smoked hsm, good stale wheat bread boiled in good 

•' liraLii 


i I 


k vfaoSfs'B MKSFBft 



tlifli miik, ttittfih aitd ndflt, Mled rice, efNj. ; bttt *Tiittttft di«t 
agrees best, and Especially in cases cf Siitttmcr Gotophittt, 
or Cholera Infantum, the diet had better be almost exclu- 
sively animal. It \riU be difficult to use the infusion of 
snake root with children that are too younf{ to obey the 
mandute of parents, and the Febrifuge may be made sWeet, 
with white or loaf sugar, for young children, so as to cover 
it» taste as much as possiMe, bttt ofiet cWldi^n will be bene- 
fitted very much by the use df the iaftffiion tff snake root 
and valerian, and should take it as pretfCribed fct adiilttf, cf 
eotiirse adapting the dose to the age of tiie patient. 

4. No^i>.~l'fie vibofe treatment. If p# itwf%Otd M lot « Aort 
tlm«, is eflTcetual in wrreBtiof Diarrhefi, Suraiaer Complaint, Chol- 
era Infantum, and all forms of Fever in chiklrefi. Give li everr 
tw<» hou«-^, or if the p-atient be vei*y feeble and corpieiUke, give rt 
ev^rybour nntil Hew fe reaetion, and th^n givft tt et*i*y twb 
boMra^ as prescribed for t^ver in geaeral, and fotk wiU be fMltefivd 
wioh 1,\m result after a short tmi«. 

5. TrpHoiD PtVKR.-^If tBepatiefttbeT¥]^ho4a,thidjiii, 
if his tonfeue be broWn or black, and dfy in tMdeiitl^, with 
gl'wsy red edgtes ; if he have Biarrhea*> witb tbln irat^ry, tJr 
m»jddy stbohi, and a tutntd or swolleti b^Hy, he will prbwiMy 
h^ve a rapid, or frequent, and small pitls^, and be deliliotxiB 
{ti><l r^ biit little at higbt ; under these ctrdnmstances, give 
F»»brift^ in the tea, No. fi. as for fevers in general, eve^ 
two hours, and give, also, ine fbllowing : 

_' ^. Febrifi^qb Baia^m.— Gum camphor 30 grs. ; balsam eopai- 
150., sweet splrilfl of ilitre, cOtapound spirlfe of lavender, of each 
J oa. 

Shake the vial, and give forty drops evety four hdnn, in 
w\th the other medicine, until the tongue becomes moisti 
and the Diarrhea pretty well subsided. When you will dis- 
continue this preparation, and continue the Febrifuge and 
snake root tea, as directed for fever in general* 

NoTf). — We do not believe that one case of fever In a thousand 
will develop Typhoid sympto^is, unless such cases have been in* 
jured in the treatment of the first sta^e, by a reducing course ol 
medicine, as bleeding, vomiiing, especially emetic tartar, purging, 
especially with talomelf and compound extract of coJooynto, 
er oil, ffalia, or hifiiSioB df »efina, and the cowmott ooolfaif pow- 
der» whkh i» composed of saltpetrs or nitre, ond ^rtar emetic 
or ipecab, ail of Which Irritate thd antotts Aiemtlfind of Ue 


WMffll^i iiBi4B9Eiair« 

^biSmc^ mft hcrneln, md ctmi^i^Ditlf pi*0ditt^'A(e^¥rittilliiii 
of blood to these patia, Ibet results iti urritation, engorgoment, 
ooogestibA, ioflamicatum, and oonee^ently, Typhoid Fever. 

* If fever is attended with ByBcntery, or Bloody Flux, it 
should be treated in the same manner precisely as Typhoid 
Fever, as it is nothing but Typhoid Fever with inflammation "' 
of the large, and sometimes small bowels. The treatment 
given for Typhoid Fever above, will cure all forms of Dyd- 
entery as it does fever, but the bloody arid slinnr dischiirgcs 
will continue for t^ or three days after the rovier is sub- 
dued, and the itppetite and digestion are restored, and at 
times, especially if the patient discharge bile, ^hich will be 
green, there will be a good ddai of pain at dtool^ wbi«h, how- 
ever, will soon subside. 

^ 1. SoAELET Fever. — tf you have Scarlet &ever, treat it 
in all respects as fever in general, and if the patient's throat 
should show any indications of swelling, apply the Fever 
Liniment No. 3, and make the application of cold water in 
the same manner as there directed ; and it had better be re- 
peated every three or four hours until the swelling is entirely 
subdued, when the wet cloth should be substituted by a 
warm, dry flannel one ; but if the patient's throat should 
ulcerate, give a few drops of the Febrifuge every' half houi;) 
or hour, until the dark sloughs separate, and the throaib 
looks red and clean, when you need only give the mf^didne 
at regular intervals, as recommended for fever ia general, 
that is, every two hours. If this treatment be pursued at 
the onset, the throat will seldom, if ever ulcerate. 

8. CoNaESTivE OR Sinking Chill.— In Case of Con- 
gestion or Sinking Chill, give the Febrifuge as directed for 
fever in general ; but if the patient be infeenteible and cbld, 
or drenched in a cold perspiration, give the Febrifuge itr a 
tablespoon of the snake root and valerian tea every hour 
until the patient becomes warm, and then give it every two 
hours to within twelve hours of the time he anticipatet 
another chill, when you will give the following : 

9. Stimuiati^O Tonic. — Sulphate of quinine 20 gra. ; pulverized 
capsicuia 30 grs. ; pulverized carbonate of ammonia 90 gra.; 

Six 9,nd put into a bottle, jind ad'^ 15 teaspoons of cold water, 
Id glv« «k teaspou^, tog<«tliefr WhL &, tdtu^^maat m I%»rllige, 




I •■ t 



every hour, either alone, or what is better in a teaflpoon of the 
Bnake root and valerian tea, tor 15 hours. 

The patient should lie in bed and drink freely of penny- 
royal tea, or hot coffee, or some other hot tea, and after the 
time has elapsed for the chill, give the same aa for fever 
in general, until the patient is entirely recovered. The 
above treatment will arrest any form of ague, and the after 
treatment will, with any degree of care, prevent its return. 
Or the Ague may be arrested most speedily, by taking one 
grain of quinine in a teaspoon of the Febrifugo every hour 
for six hours preceding a paroxysm, and then pursue the 
above tonio course. 

I have given the foregoing treatment for fevers because I 
know that it is applicable in all cases, and that the articles 
are kept by all druggists. But there is a better, becaus^ 
quicker method of cure, and I am very sorry to say that for 
want of knowledge in regard to the value of the medicine, 
it is not usually kept by druggists. I mean the Tincture of 
Qeliaeminum. It is an unrivalled Febrifuge. It relaxes the 
system without permanent prostration of strength. Its 
specific action is to cloud the vision, give double-sightedness 
and inability to open the eyes, with distressed prostration ; 
which will gradually pass off in a few hours, leaving the 
patient refreshed, and if combined with quinine, completely 
restored. To administer it: 

10. Take the tincture of gelseminum 50 drops, put Into a vtal, 
and add 5 teaspoons of water ; quinine 10 gro. Shake when ubed. 
Bosk — One teaspoon in half a glass of sweetened water, and repeat 
every two hours. 

Watch carefully its action, and as soon as you disoover its 
Bpeoifio action as mentioned above, give no more. ^ 

Dr. Hale, of this city, one of the more liberal class of 
physicians (and I use the term liberal as synonymous with 
the term successful), prefers to add twenty-five drops of 
the tincture of veratrum viride with the gelseminum, and 
give ajs there directed. And in case that their full specifio 
action should be brought on, give a few spoons of brandy, to 
raise the patient from his stupor, or what is preferable : 

11. Carbonate of ammonia I otu ; water 4 ozs. ; mix. Dosb~] 
Kable^poou every 16 or twenty minutes, until revived. 

If Bt, Mm^'b addiUon should be uaed, it will bd kmi 

\m 'ill 




ftpplioable in all oases of fever, except in Typhoid Motmpva^ 

iocl with its own ezoessive prostration ; wiUiout the addition 

of the veratrum it is applicable in all cases of fevers above 

described. Of course, in all cases where the fever is thus 

subdued, you will continue quinine, or some other appropri-r 

ate tonic treatment, to perfect a cure, and prevent a relapse.- 

And it might not be amiss here to give a plan of preparing"^ 

a nourishing and agreeable lemonade for the sick, and espe* 

cially for persons s&ioted with fever : ^' 

4 Lemonade, NomtismNo, for Fever Patisnts. — ^Arrow-root 2 or 
8 teaspoons, rubbed up with a little cold water, in a bowl or pitcher, 
which will hold about 1 qt. ; then uqneeze in the juice of haJf of a 
good sized lemon, with 2 or 3 tablespoons of white sugar, and 
pour on boiling water to fill the dish, constantly stinrlng whitoi . 
adding the boiling water. | 

Oover the dish, and when cold, it may be freely drank tot^ 
allay thirst, as alec to nourish the weak, but some will pre«''^ 
fer the following : 

13. Prof. Hufland's Drink for Fever Paitents or Excessivi ^ 
Thirst.— Cream o£ tartar ^ oz. : water 3 qts. ; boil until dissolved ; ^ 
after taking it from the fire add a sliced orange with from U to 3 
ozs. of white sugar^ according to the taste of the patient ; bottle 
and keep cool. 

To be used for a common drink in fevers of all grades, 
and at any time when a large amount of drink is craved by 
the invalid. Neither is there any bad tAste to it for thoee 
in health. 

UTERINE REMOBRHAGES.~Prof. Platt's Treatment Twen- 
ty Years Without a Fatixbb. — Sugar of lend 10 gri. ; ergot 
10 grs. ; opium 3 grs. : epicao I gr. : ail |)ulvi)ils#d rikI well 
mixed. Doss.— 10 to 12 grs. ; give^^ in a little honey or syrup. 

. In very bs "^ cases after child-birth, it might be repeated 
in thirty minutes, or the dose increased to fifteen or eigh- 
teen grains ; but in cases of rather profuse wasting, repeat 
it once at the end of three hours, will usually be found all 
that is necessary, if not, repeat occasionally as thd urgenoy 
of the case may be seen to require. 

Prof Piatt is connected with Antioch CoU^, 0., and 
has been a very successful practitioner. 

PYSPEPSIA.— In the good old days of corn bread imd 



^" ;,'»-- 




DB. cEuun^ vaasnt. 


oiwst eoiee; tli^ i^as bui little teouble wHh Byflpepdft ; lifti 
since the dajs of fashionable intemperance, both in eating 
aod drinking, suoh as spirituous liquors, wines, beers, ale, 
tea and coffee, hot bread or biscuit, high seasoned food, over- 
loading the stomach at meals, and constant eating and 
drinking between meals, bolting the food, as called, that is, 
swallowing it without properly chewing, exoessive venery, 
want of oulrtdoor exercise, with great anxiety of mind as to 
how the means can be made to continue the same indulgen- 
ces, &o., all haye a tendency to debilitate the stomach, and 
bring oq or eauge Dyspepsia. 

4,im1 it would se^n to the Author that tho simple state- 
metEit of its oattse, the tn}th of which no one can reasonably 
(kmbt-rwoold be Buffieiotit to, at least, suggest its cure. But 
I am willing to state that, as a genera] thing, this over- 
ip4u|geD9e waqjd nojt be continued, nor would it have been 
allowed had they )(nown its awful consequences. I know 
that this was true in my own case, in all its points ; this was, 
of course, before I had studied, or knew but little of the 
power of the human system or the pi^tice of medicine, and 
It was for the purpose of finding something to cure myself 
that I commeneea its study ; for it was by years of over- 
indulgence at table, and between meals, in the grocery busi- 
ness which I was carrying on, that I broaght on suoh a 
ociit^itum of the ttemach that eating gave me the most in- 
toleval^l^ (SPi^tng — a fueling abnost imposdible to desoiibe ; 
first a feeling of goneness, or want of support at the stomach, 
heat, lassitude, and finally pain, until a thousand deaths 
fVQafd have been a great relief; drink was oraved, and the 
hi;n« t firank the more intolerable the sufferiug-^apple 
filmt, ^imiiui mil} water, made palataWe with sugar, excepted. 
It Slight be fi&ked at tills Drjfrft, what did I dd? I would < 
ftsl^, ih\h^% eottid I do I JBat, I oould not ; drink, I could 
not) then ^hat elm was to be doae, only to do without 
ei^r. Wh#, et«irve? No. 

TRSATAiHifV.-^Tiike — no, just stop taking, " Throw all 
medicine to the dogs" — yes, iiad fooa also. What, starve ? 
Np, but simply get hungry ; whoever heard p^ a dyspeptic 
being hungry ? at least those who eat thWe meals a day. 
They eat because the victuals tatiU ^oo4— mouth-hun^^er, 

[> fl P | n XtMff' 

The last yea^ or two of *mV dyspepde lif<l, I oniy hti be- 
eause I was eating time, and supposed I must cat or dio, 
when I only died forty deuths by eating. 

All physicians whose books T have read, and all whose 
prescriptions I have obtained, «ay : '^ Eat little and often ; 
drink little and often." I say eat a little, and at the right 
time, tiiat is, when hungry at the stomadi ; drink a little, 
and at the right time, that is, after digestion, and it is of 
just as much importance to eat and drink the right thing,, 
as at the r%ht time. 

_^^ Persons haVe been so low in Dyspepsia, that even one 
teaspoon of food on the stomach would not rest ; in such 
cases, let nothing be taken by mouth for several days ; but 
inj^ict gruel, rice water, rice broths^ &o. ; but these cases 
occur very seldom. 

. First. — Then, with ordinary cases, if there is muich heat 
tof the stomach, at bed time, wet a towel in cold water, 
wringing it out that it may not drip, and lay it oyer the 
stomach, having a piece of flannel over it to prevent wetting 
the clothes. This will soon allay the heat, but keep it on 
during th<> uight, and at any subsequent time, as may be 

S£CONI).-»In the morning, if you have been in the habit 
of eating about two large potatoes, two pieces of steak, two 
slices of bread, or from four to six hot pancakes, or two to 
four hot biscuits, and drinking one to three cups of hot tea 
or cdffee — hold, hold, you cry ; no let me go on, I have 
many times seen all these eaten, with butter, honey or mo- 
lasses, too large in amount to be mentioned, with a taste of 
every other thing on the table, such as cusumberS; tomatoes, 
. &c., &o., and all by dyspeptics ; but. 

You will stop this morning on half of one potato, two 
inches square of steak, and half of one slice of cold, wheat 
bread — or I prrfer, if it will agree with you, tlwit you use 
the "Yankee Brown Bread," ol y the same quantity; eat 
very sloWj chew perfectly fime^ and twallow it without voaterj 
teOf or coffee ; neither must you drink any, liot a dlTdp, tmtil 
one hour before meal time again, then as little as jj^saible, 
so as you think not quite to choke to death. 

THia©.^— The question now to be settled is, did you ifuffer 
ftcm the iMkimdance oi yoor breakfrnt, or ffom the kmdoS 



■■ I 


■ 1 

» 1 








DB. ohase's BixnnEs. 


food taken ? If yon did, take less next time, or change 
the kindf and so continue to lessen the quantit^y or change 
the^ kind until you ascertain the proper quantity and kind, 
which enables you to overcome this exceeding sufiering 
after meals ; nay, more, which leaves you perfectly oom/ort- 
able after meals. . « i 

"' Lastly — You now have the whole secret of curing the 
worst case of dyspepsia in the world. You will, however, 
bear in mind that years have been spent in indulgence ; do 
not therefore expect to cure it in daysj nay, it will take 
months, possibly a whole year of self-denial, watchfulness, 
and care; and even then, one overloading of the stomach 
I at a Christmas pudding will set you back again for months. 

Make up your mind to eat only nmple food, and that, in 
small quantities, notwithstanding an over-anxious wife, or 
other friend^ will say, now- do try a little of this nice pie| 
pudding or other dish, no matter what it may be. Oh f 
now do have a cup of this nice coffee, they wiU often ask : 
bi>t no, NO must be the invariable answer, or you are again 
a ^' goner." For there is hardly any disease equally liable 
tc relapse as dyspepsia ; and indulgence in a variety of food, 
or over-eating any one kind, or even watery vegetables or 
fruit, will be almost certain to make the patient pay dear 
for the whistle. 

Then you must eat only such food as you kno# to agree 
with you, and in just as small quantities as will keep you in 
health. Drink no fluids until digestion is over, or about 
four hours after eating, until the stomach has become a 
little strong, or toned up to bear it, then one cup of the 
<* Dyspepsia Coffee," or one cup of the "Coffee Made 
Heaitby," may be used. But more difficulty is experienced,' 
from over-drinking, than over-eating. Most positively must 
Dyspeptics avoid cold water with their meals. If the saliva 
and gastric juice are diluted with an abundance of any fluid, 
they never have the same properties to aid, or carry on 
digestion, which they had before dilution ; then the only 
hope of the Dyspeptic is to use no fluid with his food, nor 
xmtil digestion has had her perfect work. 

Caution.-^I may be allowed to give a word of caution 
lo mothers; as well as to all others. One plate 9f food iA< 


mgpirffAT. JftBKBSmWST 


enough for heftM— two, tnd evten ihree, am often eaten. 
Most persons have heard of the lady who did not want a 
<* oart load/' hut when she got to eating, it all disappeared, 
and the retort, " Back np your oart and I will load it again," 
was jnst what I would have expected to hear if the los^ had n 
been given to a Dyspeptic, which it no doubt was ; then 
learn the proper amount of food necessary for health, and 
when that is eaten, by yourself or child, stop. If pudding 
is on the table and you choose to have a little of it, it is aU 
right — have some pudding ; if pie, have a piece of pie ; or 
(^e, have a piece of cake ; but do not have all, and that 
after you have eaten twice aa much meat victuals as health 
requires. If apples, melons, raisins or nuts are on the table, 
and you wish some of them, eat them before meal, and never 
after it ; if surprise is manifested around you, say yon eai 
to live, not live to eat The reason for this is, that persons 
will eat all they need, and often more, of common food, then 
eat nuts, raisins, melons, &c., until the stomadi is not only 
£lled beyond comfort, but actually distended to its utmost 
capacity of endurance ; being led on by the tosfe, when if 
the reverse course was taken, the stomach becomes satisfied 
when a proper amount of the more common food has been 
eaten, after the others. ^^«-'^^-''?^l'*r«'''*^'^^ 

Are you a Grocer, and constantly nibbling at raisins, 
candy, cheese, apples, and every other edible ? Stop, until 
just before meal, then eat wbat you like, go to your meal, 
and return, not touching again until meal-time, and you are 
, safe ; continue the nibbling, and you do it at the oaorifioe of 
future health. Have you children or other young persons 
under your care? See that ihey only eat a reasonable 
quantity at meals, and not anything between them ; do thii, 
and I am willing to be called a fool by the younger ones, 
which I am sure to be ', but do it not, and the fool will 
mffer for his folly. 

You may consider me a hard Doctor — be it so then ; the 
drunkard calls him hard names who says give up your 
*' cups ;" but as sure as he would die a drunkard, so sure 
will you die a dyspeptic unless you give up your over-eatinff 
and over^rmking of water, tea^ coffee, wine, beer, ale, ifi. 
Now you hmw we consequenoeii wit yourselves j but I 






Aft OBASB^ ueom. 

■'5 . 

iMp^pf^^.lpO dti^jiov my ozperienoe not to 'Kit a wtMlQg 
v9Wft^i» «q^« ^e guUty. ^ *' , 

Xq rao6iftt <)a«es, aud in cases broaglit on by orer-inJuIg* 
eace ^^t ioiue extra rioh lueal, you will find the " Uyti^ytio 
Tea," made from ■ Thoiupson's Composition," wili le all 
tittf^cionty afi spoken of under thai head ; which «ee. 

2. The wild black cherries, put into Jamaicti rum is 
bjgbly repomnaendod, made very strong with the cherries, 
,ftnd without sugar ; but I should say put them InU) some of 
the domestio wines, or wbft would be still beuer, make a 
yrjaiQ direptjly from tbeu, according to the directions under 
the b^^ of Fruit Wineg. f»j mj*r^ ^^r, » * j^ **.<rM 

3. jOW " ?i>*W Pinkney," a gentfeman ovist 90 ymn of 
nge, ^^UH^cp me thi^ he has cured many bad eases of Dys- 
myffi»f where tibf^jr would give up their oyer indulgenoes^ 

Bluft fli^!xoot,w«8hed olean^, (i^<i free fronf specks and rotten 
lKl49filil,.ilj#^ jjpuBdiBg It and puttiog into a little warm water, 
jftn^ 8trainiQ|F P^ ^ ualky juice, and adding suflScient pepper- 
lUince^tom^kie^lt.aliii^ j^pt Boss— one table-«poon three times 

^ Ijb beBQ0t» by ito fMitiOD on tbe li^er, and it would be goiod 
in tiiver Complaints, the pepper also stimulating the stomaoh. 
See ^* Soot Oo^j^e" No. 12, amongst the a^e mpdipines. 

, J^IlYN<iITIS--l«ai';.-^MMATioN OP THE Throat.— 
ThfW compi£^nt, in a chronic form, has become very preva- 
lent, and ia a disease which is aggravated by every change 
of weathejr, mpxQ especially in the fall and winter months. 
It is considered, and that justly, a very hard diseaae to 
cure, but with c^utioi), ^p m^ a rational courae qf , treat- 
pient, it, oan be cured. Mi-i'A^'— ;^' i'^/v ^■hrrj''>i^'.^-:'.r^t-''i^^riti^^.tf-fi- ' 

^l The dif&culty with most persons is, they think that it is 
an uncommon disease, and consequently they must obtain 
some uncommon preparation to cure it, instead ot\ which, 
fome of the more simple remedies, as follows, will cure 
neurly every case, if persevered in a sufficient length ol 
time. First, then, take the : / _ .*,..# .^«.^-. 

Alterative fob Di:^easbs of the Skin.— Co(Bppunj4 Tincture 
of Peruvian bark 6 oz. ; fluid ei^tract of sairaaparillu 1 lb. j 
«xtraot of ooniom A oz. ; iddide of potash, (often called hydrio- 
da^ii (^ { iodiae} dr. ; disseke the extract of conium and the 

^loonii Sttmes dsSty. ?)ef^e inefa]B;iinurail la ti9S^ dnalke W 
bottle well before using. 

In the nefltt place, take the : *' ' *"^' '*^ 

2. Gargle for Sore Throat. — Very strong sage tea } pt.* 
(ttraiDed honey, common salt, and strong vinegar, of each 2 tapJe' 
gpoon» \ cayenne, the pulverized, one rounding teaspoou ; steeping 
tbe oayonne with the sage, etrain, mix and bottle for use. gargUni^ 
from 4 to a dozen times daily aocording to th^ aeyerlty of the 

This is one of the very best gargles in use. By persever- 
ing some tbjcee n^onths, I eured a case of two years staudiag 
where the moutliis of the Kustac]iiau tubes oonstaiitly dis- 
charged matter at their openinga through the tonsils into the 
patieot's mouth, he having previously been quite, %^f, th« 
whole throat being also diseased. I used the preparatiop 
for '^ Deafness " also as mentioned under that head. 

^ ^Bemembeiing always to jbr^tbd through uni^-s channel 
fot the breath, the nose. 

^ Beudes the forj^lAg, jou will woab the w^ole ^rfhee 
imnQ a week witb plenty of the '^ Toilei Sq«^/' m w»lm, 
wiping dry, than with a ooMse drytowal rub the KRbole sur- 
face fbr ten minutes at least, and accomplish thecQi^rae towel 
part of it avery night and morning until thaskiu ^U remain 
through the day "^ith Its flushed an r face, ^i^d gep^al heat; 

-his CU^Ws the blood from the thro and other internal or- 
gans, or in other wo ds equalizes the "irculati n- kuow, a^<^. 
act, upon this fact, and no inflammation c- ''♦^ •»* >***«= 
matter where it is located. Blood acp**i ' ^' '^*^» ^^^^ . 
in^me$l, bUit l^t it flow evenjj througn ouu wmuic ojouKOUf 
imd of of;wfl^ ti)«w csm be no infl^k-nmation. ^^^^^ 

You will also apdv to the throat and biriast tha fijlow- 

3. SflW T«R04tT LiNijpjirr.— Gum Camphor f oz. ; castile 
soap, rfiaved fine, 1 dr. j 'ill *f turpentine 1 table-epoon ; oil of 
origanum * oz. ; opium i >& : loohol 1 pint In a week or ten 
days it will ba t^ for use^ Vmh^ bathe the paiHs feebly |«j0rr3 times 
daily. ., 

> '(j^hiailiiiinent wiU be found «s«ful m ^isfimism tto^t or 

i«lisr ilh»a«feiil|fir& ^ iPi:^W«Q4 a^pU«a^ipi».i«iglvttlih9^ 
JaftihiAnKii^MitBiafeBAiMkiihaiiU failt itJmrft ia nn altorniifiy* 




milli$l$M#iit»itmimim^t> •< <mit 









1.25 1.4 1.6 

-< 6" 




WEBSTER/l.Y. 14S80 
'Iii) 672-4S03 








ij4fe t)HA8B's BEcmea^ 



Imt to briim^iii emetiw with the other ti*eatm6Bt| and oon- 
tinue them Tor a long time. 

I mention the emetic plan last, from the fact that bo many 
people utterlT object to the emetic treatment. Bat when 
eveiything else fails, that steps in and saves the patient, 
which goes to show how unjust the prejudice. By the 
phrase, a long time, I mean several weeks, twice daily at 
first, then once a day, and finally thrice to twice a week, &c. 
A part of this course you will see, by the following, is cor- 
roobrated by the celebrated Lung and Throat Doctor, S. S. 
Sltch, of New York, who says ^4t is a skin diseasr), and that 
purifying medicines are necessary to cleanse the blood — 
taking long, full breaths,'' &o. Tlua is certainly good sense. 
His trev^ent of throat diseases is summed up in the toU^ 
lowing " 

Nora.—'' Wear but litUe clothing around the neck—chew often 
a little nut^ll and swallow the juice— wear a wet cloth about 
the throat at night, having a dry towel over il— -bathe freelv 
all over as in oonstonption, and especially bathe the throat with 
cold water every mormng, also wash out the inside of the throat 
with cold water-T-avoid crowded rooms— gargle with a very weak 
ioiatioB of nitrate of silver— chewing gold tlvead mid swallowing 
the jtticc and saliva from it— borax and honey occasionallv, and 
gum ambio water, if much irritation — use the voice as Utile as 
posdble until well, also often using a liniment externally.'' 

• >evt> 

I had hoped for very much benefit from using oroton oil 
externally, out time has shown that the advantage derived 
from it is not sufficient to remunerate for the excessive irri- 
tation caused by its continued application. 

4. Smoking dried mullein leaves in a pipe not having 
been used for tobacco, is said to have cured many oases of 
Laxyngttis. And I find in my last Eoleotio MedicMil Jour- 
nal BO strong a corroboration, taken from the Medical and 
Snxgical Beporter, of this fact, that I cannot refirain from 
giving the quotation. It says : " in that form of digease in 
whioh thinre is dryness of the trachea, with a constant desire 
to clear the throat, attended with little expeetoration, and 
oonaideiable pain in the part affeoted, the mullein smoked 
throQgh a pipe, aets like a eharm, and alfords inataBt relief. 
It mm» to act as an anoydynci iff aHayiag imtiltoiii niia- 
it ywMM ttif mmatita, unAmmmm ik» fffMmmwimm^ 


whieh gathers in the larynx, and at the uame time, by tome 
unknown power, completely changes the nattire of the dis- 
ease, and, if persever^ in, will produce a radical core." 

We read in a certain place of a gentleman who was walk- 
ing around and through a great c^ty, and he came across an 
inscription ** To the tmfjnoton Qoa" — and directly we find 
him explaining that unknown being to the astonished in- 
habitants. And I always feel, like this old-fashioned gen- 
tleman, to cry out, upon every convenient occasion, my be- 
lief, that it was that God's (j/reat wisdom, sedng what was 
required, and His exceeding goodness, providing aocordinig 
to our necessities, this wonderful, and to seme, that imibioion 
power in the thousands of plants around us. l^hat matters 
it to us how it is done ? If the cure is performed, it is suf- 

Since the publication of the forgoing, in the ninth edi- 
tion, I hrve been smoking the dried mullein, and recom- 
mending it to others. It has given general satisfaction fox 
coughs, and as a substitute for tobacco in smoking, exhilarai' 
ing the nerves, and allaying the hacking coughs from recent 
colds, by breathing the smoke into the lungs. In one in- 
stance, after retiring, I could not rest from an irritation in 
the upper portion of the lungs and throat, frequently hack- 
ing without relief only for a moment ; I arose, filled my pipe 
with mullein, returning to bed I smoked the pipeful, drawing 
it into the lungs, and did not cough again during the night 

An old gentleman, an inveterate smoker, from my sugges- 
tion, began to mix the mullein with his tobacco, one-fourth 
at first, for a while ; then half, and finally three-fourths; at 
this point he rested. It satisfied in place of the full amount 
^of tobacco, and cured a cough which had been left upon him 
efter inflammation of the lungs. The flavor can hardly be 
distinguished from the flavor of tobacco smoke, in rooms. 

It can be gathered any time during the* season, the centre 
stem removed, carefully dried, and rubbed fine, when it is 
ready for use. It gives a pipe the phthysic, as fast as it 
cures one in the patient ; but the clay pipe, which is to be 
used, can be readily cleansed by burning out. 

Here is the " Substitute for Tobaooo" for which tiie 
f lenohhftFe Qfkted ^0|000 foam. 



1n& flHASS'8 SXCtVlft 


p. ' 


It eain be itiade into clgnts by xxsits^ a t<^baoco-]6ftf Wfff^rjwf . 

Catarrh is ofton more or less conDeeted with that disease. 
In sudi eases, in connection with the above treatment^ take 
Bever.U times <iaily of the following: 

Gatabrs Skoff.— Scotch sttnff 1 o& ; cUlor}^ of limb, dried and 
pnlverifed, 1 rotoding tea^oon; mix, and bottle, poricing 

The smxff has a tendency to aid in the secretion from the 
parts; and the chloride corrects unpleasant fetor. 

CANCfiRS.^To Cube— MiTHOD op Db. LandoIiPI, ' 


sxvEBAL 80oosfi8PUL Amseioan Msthodb.— The princi- 
ple npon which the treatment is based, coosists in transftM^- 
ing a tumor of a malignant character, by confemng upon it 
a character of benignity, which admits of cure. This tra)$fl- 
formaJtion is effected by cauterization with an agent looked 
upon all a- speeilfio, vis. : chloride of bromine, combined or 
not, ^ith other substances, which have already been tried, 
but htive hitherto been employed separately. The internal 
treatni€st is merely auxiliary. (Cancers may be known 
from other tumors by their shooting, or lacinafing pains; 
and if an open sore, from their great fetor. — AuTHOB.) 
ihfi formulas for the caustics are, with the ezoeption o£ a 
few cases, the following : 

Equal parts of the c!ik)rides of zinc, gold, and antimony, mixed 
with a BuMcieut quaatiiy of iioar to form a viscid ppBte. 

At Vienna, he used a mixture of the same eubetances in different 
proportions, chloride ot bromine 3 parts ; chloride of zinc 2 p^rts; 
chlonde of gold and antimony, each 1 part ; made into a thick 
paste with powdered ll(K)ricc root This preparation ehonld be 
made in an open place, on account of the gasea which are 

The essential element is the chloride of bromine, wiiich hae 
often been employed alone ; thus, chloride of bromine from 2| to 
4 dm. ; and put lioorice root as much as sufficient. 

The chloride of zino is ittdlspensible in ulcerated cancers, 
In vhich it acts as a hcmastatic, (stopping blood.) The 
ohlorM« of gold is only useful in oases of ^ncephaloid, 
(brain lilce) CaDoera, in which it exercises a special, if not a 
specific action. Oancei^c of the skin, (epitheliomas,) lupus, 
and small oystosaroomas, (watery or bloody tumors,) are 
Ueated with bromine mii»d inth basilMoa^intMdiit ia the 



it^ take 

ied and 

'om the 

l) AND 

> princi- 

lipon it 
is trai1)B- 
t looked 
pitied or 
8n tried, 

e known 
g pains; 


lion of a 

cy, mixed 

1 dififerent 
c 2 parts ; 
a thick 
Bhonld be 
(diich are 

iviiich has 
from 2 J to 

proportion of one part of bromine to eight of the ointment ; 
the application should not extend to the healthy parts, its 
action being often propagated through a space of one or two 
lines. The paste is only allowed to remain on about twenty- 
four hours ; on removing the dressing a line of demarkation 
is almost always found ^parating the healthy from the mor- 
bid parts. The tumor is itself in part whitish and part 
reddish, or marbled with yellow and blue. The caustic is 
replaced wit^ the poultice, or with compresses smeared with 
basilion ointment only, which are to be removed every three 
hours until the scar is detached ; the pain progressively di- 
minishing in proportion as the mortification advances, the 
line of demarkation daily becomes more evident ; about tho 
fourth or fifth day the cauterized portion begins to rise, and 
from the eighth to the fifteenth day it becomes detached, or 
can be removed with forceps, and without pain, exposing 
a suppurating surface, secreting pus of good quality and 
covered with healthy granulations. If any points remain 
of less satisfactory appearance, or present traces of morbid 
growth, a little of the paste is to be again applied, then dress 
the sore as you would a simple ulcer ; if the suppuration 
proceeds too slowly, dress it with lint dipped in the follow- 
ing solution : 

Chloride of bromine 20 or 30 drops ; Goulard's Extract from 1 
to 2 drs. ; distilled water 16 ozs. 

In the majority of cases healing takes place rapidly, cica- 
trization progresses from the circumference to the center, no 
complications supervene, and the cicatrix (scar,) resembles 
that left by a cutting instrument. His int.ernal remedy, to 
prevent a relapse, is, ; 

Chloride of bromine 2 drops ; poWfl^r ot the se^e^ of Water 
fennel 23 grs. j extract of hemlock (Conium Maculatum) 12 gre. ; 
mix and divide into 20 pills ; one to be taken daily for 2 months, 
and after that, 2 pills for a month or two longer, 1 night and 
morning, after meals. 

In any case of Cancer, either the foregoing, internal rem- 
edy, or some of the other Alteratives, should be taken two 
or three weeks before the treatment is commenced, and 
should also be continued for several weeks after its cure. 

2. Db. H. G. Judkins' Method.— This gentleman of 
Malaga, Monroe Co., 0., takes: 





. # 


Chloride of zinc the size of a hazel nut, and pats enough watet 
with it to make a thin paste, then mixes it with equal parts of 
flour, and finely pulverized charcoal, sufficient to form a tolerable 
stiff paste. . ji 

lie spreads this on a soft piece of sheepskin, sufficiently 
large to cover the tumor, and applies every two days until 
it is detached, then dresses it with " Judkins' Ointment," 
which see. Again — 


3. L. S. HoDGKiNs' Method. — This gentleman is a mer- 
chant, of Ecading, Mich. The method is not original with 
him, but he cured his wife with it, of cancer of th3 breast, 
after having been pronounced incurable. Some would use 
it because it contains calomel — others would not use it for 
the same reason ; I give it an insertion from the fact that I 
am well satisfied that it has cured the disease, and from its 
singularity of composition. ' Jv 

Take a white oak root and bore out the heart and burn the 
chips to get the ashes, \ oz. ; lunar caustic ^ oz. ;; calomel J oz, : 
salts of nitre (salt petre) J oz. ; the body of a 4,iiousand legged 
worm, dried and pulverized, all to be made fine and mixed with 
i lb. of lard. 

Spread this rather thin upon soft leather, and apply to the 
cancer, changing twice a day ; will kill the tumor in three or 
four days, which you will know by the general appearance ; 
then apply a poultice of soaked figs '.latil it comes out, fibres 
and all; heal with a plaster made by boiling red beech 
leaves in water, straining and boiling thick, then mix with 
beeswax and mutton tallow to form a salve of proper con- 
sistency. To cleanse the system while the above is being 
used, and for some time after : 

Take mandrake root, pulverized, 1 oz. ; epsom salts 1, oz. ; pu<' 
into pure gin 1 pt, and take of this three times daily, from 1 tes^ I 
to a table-spoon, as you can bear. He knew of several other curer 
from the same plan. 

4. The juice of pokelt)erries, set in the sun, upon a pewtei 
dish, and dried to a consistence of a salve and aj^plied as t 
plaster, has cured cancer. 

5. Poultices of scraped carrots, and of yellow dock root, 
have both cured, and the scraped carrot poultices, especially, 
not only cleanse the sore, but remove the very offoasiv? 
^mell of fetor^ whioh is characteristic of cancers. 



6. A gentleman in Ohio cures them by making a tea of 
the yellow dock mt, and drinking of it freely, washing the 
Bore with the same several times daily for several days, then 
poulticing with tho root, mashed and applied twice daily, 
even on the tongue. 

7. Eev. C. C. Cuyler, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., says he 
has known several cases cured as follows : 

Take the marrow leaved dock-root and boil it in soft water until 
very strong, wash the ulcer with this strong decotion 3 times in 
the 24 hours, fill the cavity also with the same 2 minutes, each 
time, th^n bruize the root, and lay it on guaze, and lay the gauze 
next to the ulcer, and wet linen cloths in the decoction, and lay 
ever the poultice ; and each time let the patient drink a wine-glass 
of the strong tea of the same root, with J of a glass of port wine 
sweetened with honey, rj 

i-^ .rut'i^.i 

• ■■.'»**,?■ .WVv*^ . 

8. Dr. Buchan's work on Medicine, gives the case of a 
person who had cancer of the tongue, cured in fourteen 
days, as Mows : ^ jy^-j^^^^ g^.m i5T.Q'azj!ai{ itimi^^ i 

Dilute nitric acid 1 oz. ; honey 2 ozs. ; pure water 2 pts. ; mix. 
Dose. — Threo tablespoons frequently ; to be sucked past the teethf 
through a quill or tube. 

Opium was given at night, simply to keep down pain. 

Great English Remedy — by which a brother of Lowell 
Mason was cured, is as follows : 

Take chloride of zinc, blood-root pulveiized, and flour, equal 
quanties of oach, worked into a paste, and applied until the mass 
comes out, then poultice and treat as a simple sore. 

The Rural New Yorker, in reporting this case, says, in 
applying it, " First spread a common sticking plaster, much 
larger than the cancer, cutting a circular piece from the 
center of it a little larger than the cancer, applying it, which 
exposes a narrow rim of healthy skin ; then apply the can- 
cer plaster and keep it on twenty-four hou'rs. On removing 
it the cancer .will be found to be burned into, and appears 
th j coloF of an old shoe-sole, and the rim outside will 
appear white and par-boiled, as if burned hy steam. 

" Dress with slippery elm poultice until suppuration takes 
place, then heal with any common salve." 

10. Aemenian Method.— In Armeaia, a salve, made by boiling 
olive oil to a proper consistence foir the U8e> is reported by an 
eastern traveler to have cured very bad cases. 



l '■ ? 





11, Figs boiled in new milk until tender, then eplit and apj^Iied 
bot— changing twice daily, washing the parts every change, with 
some of the mik — drinking 1 gill of the milk also as often. 

And continuing from three to four months, is also re- 
ported to have cured a man ninety-nine years old by using 
only six pounds, whilst ten pounds cured a case of ten years' 
standing. The first application giving pain, but afterwards 
relief, every application. 

12. Red Oak Bark. — A salve from the ashes, has long 

been credited for curing cancer, and as I have recently seen 

the method given for preparing and using it, by Isaac Dil- 

Ion, of Oregon, published in a paper near him, I cannot 

keep the benefit of it from the public. The directions 

were sent to him by his father, John Dillon, sen., of Zanes- 

ville, 0., and, from my knowledge of the Dillon family,, I 

have the utmost confidence in the prescription. It is as 


Take red oak bark ashes one peck ; put on to them, boiling water 
€ qts. ; let it stand 12 hours ; then draw off the ley and boil to a 
thick salve ; spread this, pretty thick, upon a thick cloth a little 
larger than the cancer, and let it remain on 3 hours ; if it is too 
severe, half of that time ; the same day, or the next, apply again 
3 bo^rs, which will generall;;^ effect a cure ; after the last plaster, 
wash the sore with warm milk and water ; then apply a healing 
salve made of mutton tallow, bark of elder, with a little rosin and 
bees-wax (some root of white lily may be added), stewed over a 
slow fire ; when the fore begins to matterate, wash it 3 or 4 times 
daily, renewing the salve each time ; avoid strong diet, and strong 
drink, but drink a tea of sassafras root and spice wood tops, for a 
week before and after the plaster. 

13, Prof. B. S. Newton, of Cincinnati, uses the chloride of zinc, 
a saturated solution (as strong as can be made), or makes the chlo- 
ride into a paste, witJi thick gum solution. ^^pv^^ : ^ :;i 

In cases of large tumors he often removes thd bulk of^ 
thorn with a knife, then applies, the solution, or paste, an he 
thinks best, to destroy any remaining roots which have been 
severed by the knife. 

14. Pbop. Cai^ins, of Philadelphia, prefers a paste made from 
yelloW'doQl!;,jpe<i clover, and poke, using the leaves only of either 
article, in equU quantities. 

Boiling, straining and simmering to a paste, applying 
from time to time, to oauoerous growths or tumors, until the 
entire maes is destroyed, then poultioe and heal aaiWQi|^j^ 


V " 


But Dr. Bench, of N. Y ., who is a man of mnch ezperi- 
enoe in cancers, says beware of the knife, or any plaster 
which destroys the cancer or tumor ; but first use disci. Lien ts, 
(medicines which have a tendency to drive away swellings,) 
unless already ulcerated, then, mild poultices to keep up a 
discharge from the ulcer, with alteratives, long continued, 
keeping the bowels regular, &c., &c. The Vienna physi- 
cians, as well as Dr. Beach, allow the inhalation of a few 
drops of chloroform where the pain is excruciating. Ai:d. I 
would say, apply a little externally, also, around the sore. 

Cancers should not be disturbed as long on they do not 
grow nor ulcerate, but as soon as either begins, then is the 
time to begin with them. 



'W ■h> ' ■ 

ir^-j.^L,-:4*i^^r r: yf^i 

;? :b£') i :,.i. 




^xo i: 




COSTIVENESS--T0 CtTRE.—. Costive habits are often 
brought on by neglecting to go to stool at the usual time, 
for most persons have a regular daily passage, and the most 
usual time is at rising in the morning, or immediately after 
breakfast ; but hurry, or negligence, for the want of an un- 
derstanding of the evil arising from putting it oflF, these 
calls of nature are suppressed; but let it be understood, 
nature^ like a good workman or student, has a time for each 
duty ; then not only let her work at her own time, but if 
tardy go at this time, and not only aid but solicit hor call, 
or in other words : 

When natore calls jit e^er door, do not attexnt>t td blaff her ; 
But hasteraway, night or day, or health is sure to suffer. 

The above, with attention to diet, using milk, roasted apples, 
and if not dyspeptic, uncooked apples, pears, peaches, &c., at meal 
time, " Yankee Brown bread," or bread made of unbolted wheat, 
if preferred, and avoiding a meat diet, will, in most cases, soon 
remedy the difficulty. However : 

2. In vert Obstinate Cases — Take extract of henbane J dr. ; 
eictract of colocynth | dr. ; extract of nux vomica 3 grs. ; carefully 
work into pill mass, and form into 15 pills. Dose — One pill night* 
and morning. 

Continuo their use uittl the diffionlty is overooiae^ ait 
tho same timei following the previous direotionSi futhfyiyi* 




With many persons the following will he found all sufficient : 

3. Brandy—^ pt. ; and put into it rhubarb-root, bruised, 1 dr. j 
hiera-picra 1 oz. ; and fennel seed J oz. ?>/' 

After it has stood for several days, take a table-spoon of 
it three times daiV, before eating, until it operates, then 
half the quantity, or a little less, just sufficient to establish 
a daily action of the bowels until all is taken. Or, the 
second pill under the head of Eclectic Liver Pill may be 
taken as an alterative to bring about the action of the liver, 
which is, of course, more or less inactive in most cases of 
Jong continued costiveness. 

4. Corn Meal — 1 table-spoon stirred up in sufficient cold water 
to drink well, and drank in the morning immediately after rising, 
has, with perseverance, cured many bad cases. 

6, A Fresh Egg — Beat in a gill of water and drank on 

rising in the morning, and at each meal, for a week to ten' 

days, has cured obstinate cases. It might be increased to 

two or three at a time as the stomach 'vill bear. 

CHRONIC GOUT— To Cure.—" Take hot vinegar, and put into 
it all the table salt which it will dissolve, and bathe the parts 
affected with a soft piece of flannel. Bub in with the hand, and 
dry the foot, &c., by the fire. Repeat this operation four times in 
the 24 hourtj, lo minutes each time^ for four days ; then twice a 
day for the same period ; then onee, and follow tnis rule whenever 
the syasptoms show themselves at any future time." ;^|r 

The philosophy of the above formula is as follows : Ohronio 
gout proceeds from the obstruction of the free circulation of 
the blood (in the parts affected) by the deposit of a chalky 
substance, which is generally understood to be a carbonate 
and phosphate of lime. Vinegar and salt dissolve these ; 
and the old chronic compound is broken up. The carbonate 
of lime, &c., become acetate and muriate, and these being, 
soluble, are broken up by the circulating system, and dis- 
charged by secretion. This fact will be seen by the gouty *' 
joints bbcoming less and less in bulk until they assume their 
natural bize. During this process, the stomach and bowels 
shouid be occasionally regulated by a gentle purgative. Ab- 
stinence from spirituous libations ; exercise in the open air, 
and especially in the morning ; freely bathing the whole 
surface; eating only the plainest food, and occupying fhe 
time by study, or useful employment, are very desirable as- 




2. GoDT TiNCiTiEE. — ^Veratrum viride, (swamp hellebore) ^ oz. ; 
opium ^ oz. ; wine ^ pt. ; let tbcm stand for several days. Dos&^ 
16 to 30 drops, according to the robustness of the patient, at 
intervals of two to four hours. 

M. Husson, a French officer, introduced this remedy in 
gout some sixty years ago, and it became so celebrated that 
it sold as high as from one to two crowns a dose. It is Con- 
sidered valuable also in acute rheumatism. In gout it re- 
moves the paroxysms, allays pain, and procures rest and. 
sleep, reduces the pulse and abates fever. ] 

3. Coffee has recently been recommended, not only for 
gout, but gravel also. Dr. Mosley observes, in his " Trea- 
tise on Coffee," that the groat use of the article in France is 
supposed to have abated the prevalence of the gravel. In 
the French colonies, where coiuce is more used than in the 
English, as well as in Turkey, where it is the principal bev- 
erage, not only the gravel but the gout is scarcely known. 
Dr. Faur relates, as an extraordinary instance of the effect 
of coffee on gout, the case of Dr. Deveran, who was attacked 
with gout at the age of twenty-five, and had it severely till 
he was upwards of fifty, with chalk stones in the joints of 
his hands and feet; but for four years preceding the time 
when the account of his case had been given to Dr. Faur to 
lay before the public, he had, by advice, used coffee, and 
had no return of the gout afterward. 

' PARALYSIS— If Recent— To Cure.— When paiily- 
sis, (numb palsy) has existed for a great length of time, but 
little benefit can be expected from any treatment ; but if 
recent, very much good, if not a perfect cure will be the re« 
suit of faithfully governing yourself by the following direc* 
4ions with this : "^"^ ^ "!^ 

Parajtho LiNiMBNT.—Sulphurio ether 6 ozs. ; alcohol 2 ozs. ; 
laudanum 1 oz. ; oil of lavender 1 oz. ; mix and cork tightly. In 
fa recent case of paralysis let the whole extent of the ijumb surface 
ibe thoroughly bathed and rubbed with this preparation, for several 
jminutes, using the hand, at least three times daily, at the same 
Atitie take internally, 20 drops of the same, in a little sweetened 
'Water, to prevent translation upon some internal organ. 

It may be used in old oases, and, in many of them, will 
undoubtedly do much good ; but I do not like to promise 
iwhftt there is no reasonablo chance to perform«^It kmU, 

f^ ^ __.„, , ,_.._. i - ,.. - . >.- i», m a .11 , ,<^ 




DB. chase's BEOtPES. 

in very recent oases to keep the parts covered with flannels, 
with a larj^e amount of friction by the hand ; also, electricity 
scientifically applied, that is by a physician, or some one 
who has studied the nature and operations of the electrical 


This liniment should be applied so freeiy that about an 
ounce a day will be consumed on an arm or leg, and if a 
whole side is palsied, proportionally more. In cases of 
pains in the stomach or side a teaspoon will be taken with 
unusual success ; or for pain in the head, apply to the sur- 
face, always bearing in mind that some ehould be taken in- 
ternally whenever an external application is made. In 
sprains and bruises, where the suface is not broken, it will 
be found very efficacious. It may be successfully rubbed 
over the seat of any internal disease a<;com2)anicd with p^in. 

ENLARC^ED TONSILS— To Cure.— Where the ton- 
0ils are enlarged from colds, or epidemic sore throat. 

Take No. six 1 oz. ; molasses 2 ozs. ; and hot water 4 ozs. ; mix 
an.d sip a little into the throat often, swallowing a little also ; it 
keeps up a discharge of saliva from those parts, and thus relieves 
their swollen condition ; and stimulates to renewed healthy action. 

It has proved very efficacious in the above epidemic cases, 
^hich leave the tonsils much indurated (hardened), as well 
as swollen, with a tendency to chronic inflammation of the 
whole larynx, or throat, often witli little ulcers. In that 

Put 10 grs. of nitrate of silver to 1 oz. of water, with 3 or 4 
drops of creosote, and swab the throat with it, and lay a flannel 
wet with turpentine upon the outside. 

The worst cases will shortly yield to this mild treatipent. 
Should there, however, be a disposition to fever, you might 
also put tho feet into hot water fifteen or twenty minutes, 
with occasional sponging the whole surface. 

SICK'HEADACHE.— To Cure.— Sick h|B{^3ache, pro- 
per, arises from acidity, or over-loading the stomach; when 
It U not from over-eating, all that is necessary is to soak the 
feet in hot ater about twenty minutes, drinking at the same 
tipae-some uf the herb teas, such as pennyroyal, catnip, or 
l^i^t; &().| t^&i^ iaj^ b€i4 epvfo: up warm ^d kjoop up a 



rs' ' 


sweatfftg pW)dess for abouc an hour, by ^hiisb t'Me r6fief 
will have been obtained; but when food has been taken', ;:^ 
which remains in the stomach, it is much the best way to \ 
take an emetic, and the following is the ^ 

2. EoLEono Emetio. — Which is composed of lobelia, and ipecac ! 
cuanha, equal parts, and blood root half as much as of either of r 
the others, each pulverized separately, and mix thoroughly. Dose— 
Halfacommon teaspoon every 15 or 20 minutes in some of thid^' ! * 
warm teas, for instance, camomile flowers, pennyroyal, or boneGet ft '' 
drinking freely between doses of the same tea in which yon take^ 
it ; continue until you get ^ free and full evacuation of the contentp ^ 
of the stomach. ;. ^ ^, , 

Afler the operation, and when the stomach becomes a 
little settled, some nourishment will be desired, when any '. 
of the mild broths, or gruel, should be taken, in small quai]b-4,i ^ 
titles, without fear of increasing the difficulty. >: 

" There is, probably, no emetic surpassing this, either in '' 
efficacy of action, or efficiency in breaking up morbid, uu- ,^ 
healthy conditions of the system generally ; and exciting «^%,i :i 
healthy action. It is excellent in croup, chronic affecticnsr^'v* ' 
of the liver or stomach, &o., and in fact when and wheref 
ever an emetic is nefeded." — Beach, i^ nj!^ -iv ^'-^ 

B^t after a full trial of both, upon my oWn person and . \ 
others, I prefer lolftlia seed alone, pulverized when used,* ■ 
The manner of administering them has been the cause of ^^ 
bringing the lobelia emetic into disrepute. I take '^ Thomp-f ' 
son's Composition " tea, made as there directed and drink ' % 
two saucers of it, fifteen minutes apart, and with the third 
I stir in one rounding teaspoon of lobelia seed, pulverized, > . 
and drink it; then every fifteen minutes I t^e another 
saucer of the tea until free vomiting takes place, not taking 
any more of the lobelia ; by this course I think it more effi- 
cient and thorough than the mixed emetio, and entirely freo 
from danger of the " alarming symptoms," as they are called, 
brou^t on by continuing to give the lobelia every few min- 
utes mstead of waiting its action, and all for want of know- [ 
ledge as to what that action should be ; but if you give it its \ 
own time, continuing the stimulating tea, it will have its s 
apecijic action, whioh is to vomit, no matter at which end it 
is intr&dtioed. When it begins to vomit it will generally > 
continue its action until it empties the gtouaohi then I 
begio' tb< imlMBtitu)l«> tJ^e composition with : 





DB. chase's BEOIPmS. 



3. BfiBAD TsA, Used in Takino Eiibtics.— Made by taking a piece 
of dry bread and crumbing it into a bowl, with a little salt, pepper 
and butter, to suit the taste, then pouring boiling waiter upon it ; this 
Goon allays the retch' ig, and strengthens the stomach to renewed 
healthy action. 

Periodical Headache. — There are those who have sick 
headache coming on at periods of from a few weeks to two 
or three months, lasting two or three days, accompanied 
with nausea, and occasionally with vomiting. In these cases, 
after using the emetic to relieve the present attack, take the 
Cathartic Syrup next foUowing : 

4. Cathartic Strdi'.— Best senna leaf 1 oz. ; jalap J oz. ; butter- , 
l»ut, the inner bark of the root, dried and bruised, 2 ozs. j pepper^*; 
mint leaf, ^ oz. ; fennel seed ^ oz. ; alcohol ^ pt. ; water 1^ pts. ; 
sugar 2 lbs. ; put all into the spirit and water, except the sugar, 
•nd let it stand 2 weeks, then strain, pressing out from the dregs, I 
Adding the sugar and simmering a few minutes only, to form the ' 
flyrup. If it should cause griping in any case, increase the fennel 
seed and peppermint leaf. Dose— one table-spoon, once a day, or 
less often if the bowels become too loose, up to the next period 
when the headache might have been expected, and it will not be 

This is a mild purgative, and especially pleasant. Most 
persons, after a trial of it, will adopt it for their general 
cathartic, and especially for children. licrease or lessen 
the dose, according to the effect desired. 

Females in a weak and debilitated condition, often have..; 
% headache which is purely sympathetic ; this they will dis-'«v 
tinguish by their general weakness, irregularities, and light-' ;- 
headedness, often amounting to real pain; in saoh cases 
take the following : 

5. Headachb Drops. — Castor, gentian, and valerian roots, 
bruised, | oz. ; laudanum 1 oz. ; sulphuric ether 1^ oz. ; alcohol } ' 
pt. ; watex* ^ pt. ; put all into a bottle and let stand about 10 
da^s. Doss. — ^A teLrpcon as often aa required, or 2 or 3 times 

6. Tincture op Blood Root.— Made by putting I oz. of the 
(dried, bruised root, to 1 pt. of gin, and taking 1 teaspoon before 
catiiig, every morning, and only a reasonable amount of easily 
digested food. 

Hfts worked wonders in cases where headaches had heen 

of very long standing. And it might not be amiss to say 

that ti^e majority of headaches are fou;*d ^mongst those who 

m disposed to Dyspepsia, by long contmuod oyer-eatbg, 



tiien reducing the gastrio juice by over-drinkiiig, (pren 
of water, tea or cofFee. 

A Niles paper gives one which is easily tiled. li Is as 
follows: , , 

7. " Charcoal, a Cube fob Sick HBADACHB.--It is stated tlia* 
two teaspoons of finely powdered charcoal, drank in half » tum- 
bler of water, will, in less than 15 minutes, give relief ito the sick 
headache, when caused, as in most cases it is, by superabundance 
of acid on the stomach. We have tried this remedy time and 
again, and its efficacy in every instance has been signally satis- 

When headache has been brought on by eating too freely 
of boiled beef, cabbage, &o., or any other indigeatfible din- 
ner, one cup of ^' good tea," at tea time, eating only a slice 
of dry bread, will often allay the nervousness, quiet the 
head, and aid in getting to sleep. The " Good Samaritan'' 
applied to the head is also good. 

DELIRIUM TREMENS.— To Obtain Sleep.— Give an emetic 
of ipecacuanha, then give 15 to 18 grs. of the same, every 2 hours, 
using the shower bath, and giving all the beef tea the patient 

The jail physician of Chicago reports thirty-six favorable 
cases treated as above. In Boston, at the " House of Cor- 
rection," the danger arising from the sudden loss of their 
accustomed stimulus, according to Puritanic economy, ia 
overcome by administering freely, a strong decoction of 

2. Stimulatino Anodyne.— Sulpnate of quinine 12 grs. ; sulphate 
of morphine 1 gr. ; mix, and divide into 6 powders. DOss— One 
powder every hour. 

Prof. King, of Cincinnati, 0., says that from two to four 
powders of the above anodyne, will nearly every time pro- 
duce sleep in this whisky delirium. 

TYPHUS FFVER.— To Pbevent Infection.— Take nitre, (salt 
petre,) pulveri?jed, | oz. ; oil of vitrei | oz. ; put the nitre into a 
teacup and set it on a red hot shovel, addiiig the vitriol one- 
sixth at a time, stirring it with a pipe stem ; avoiding the fumes 
as they rise ft-om the cup ; no danger, however, in breathing the 
air of the room. 

The above amount is sufficient for a room twelve by six- 
teen fe'^t, and less or more according to the size of othiPr 
rooms. Dr. J. C. Smithy of London; is said to haye ^*^ 





DB. chase's maaw. 

ceived firom Parliament £6000 ^r making this reeip€^blio. 

2. ?o purify the air from noxious effluvia in sick rooms, 
not of contagious character, simply slice three or four 
onions, place them on a plate upon the floor, changing thorn 
three a four times in the twenty-four hours. ^ 

3. Disinfectant for Rooms, "Meat, and Fish. — Common salt 
I a teacup ; sulphnric acid 2 or 3 ozs. ; put about J oz. of the acid 
upon the salt at a time, every 15 minutes, stirring until all 

put on: • . :r,,ii^^/x-^;,-:i^ }m::^^:i^^^^^ 

Which will purify a large room ; ^nd for meat or fish, 
hang thr:ii up in a box having a cover to it, and thus confine 
the gas, and tainted articles of food will soon be purified, by 
ithe same operation. And notwithstanding so much was 
paid for the <^ Smith Disinfectant," the above will be found 
equally good. \ 

4. Coffee, dried and pulverized, then a little of it 
sprinkled upon a hot shovel, will, in a very few minutes, 
elear a room of all impure effluvia, and especially of an ani- 
mal character. 

^. Chloride of Lime. — Half a saucer of it, moistened 
wi^ au equal mixtui^e of good vinegar and water, a few 
drops at a time only, will purify a sick room in a few 

anha, saffron, Virginia snake root, and camphor gum, each 2 ozs. ; 
opium ^ oz. ; alcohol 2 qts. Let stand 2 weeks, shaking occasion- 
ally. Dose — ^A teaspoon in a cup of hot pennyroyal, spearmint, 
AT c&tnip tea, every half hour, until perspiration is induced ; then 
once an hour, for a few hours. 

It is excellent in colds, fevers, pleurisy, inflammation of 

the lungs, &c. It is good to ^0{^ t^e feet in hot water at 
the same time. ,.,.,, ,,.,^^^^^^^ 

2. Sweating with Burninq alcohol. — ^Pour alcohol into a 
sancer, to about half fill it ; place this under a chair ; strip the 
person to be sweated, of all clothing; auu place him in the chair, 
putting a comforter over him, also ; now light a match and throw 
Into the saucer of alcohol, which sets it on fire, and by the time 
the alcohol is burned out he will be in a profuse perspiration, if 
not, put in half as much more of alcohol and fire it agahi, which 
wUi accomplish the otgect ; then rise up and draw the comforf;er 
around you, and get into bed, following up with hot teas aad 
•wtating drops, as In the first above. 



This last plan of sweating is also good in recent colds, 
plearisy, inflammation of the lungs, and all other inflam- 
matory diseases, either in recent attacks, or of long standing ' 
complaints. See the closing remarks after the treatment of # 
<' Pleurisy," also " Ginger Wine." ^ *?^ f^ ' ''i mi^vw^in ^ 

IMPERIAL DROP,— For Gravel and Kidnet Complaints.— 
Take saltpetre 1 oz. j putting it into an iron mortar, dropping in a v 
live coal with it, wbich sets it on fire ; stir it around until it all 
melts down into the solid form, blow out the coals and pulverize 
it: then take an equal amount of bi-carhonate of potassia, or 
saleratus, and dissolve both in soft water 2 ozs. Doss— from 20 to 
SO drops, morning and evening, in a swallow of tea made from flax 
seed, or a solution of gum arabic. . 

In connection with the drops, let the patient take from a 
table-spoon to two or three table-spoons of onion juice — 
that is, all the stomach will bear — eating all the raw onions 
he can, and continue it until free of the complaint. I have 
seen gravel the size of a common quill, crooked, and one 
and one-fourth inches in length, which a lady passed from 
the bladder, and smaller bits almost innumerable, by the 
simple use of onion juice alone. 

The onion juice, (red onions are said to be the b^st,) has 
and may be injected through a catheter, into the bladder ; 
have no fears to do this, for I know a physician, of forty 
years* practive who has done it five times with success — a 
physician, however, would have to be called to introduce , 
the catheter. '*•.' 

2. In what is termed " Fits of the Gravel," that is, where ' 
small gravel has become packed in the ureter, (tube which 
leads &om the kidney to the bladder,) causing excruciating 
pain in that region, a pill of opium must be given, varying 
in size horn one to three grains, aocording to the pain, 
strength, and age of the patient. 

8. A strong decoction made by using a large handful of smart 
weed, adding a gill of gin, and a gill each of horse mint and onion 
juices, and toking all in 12 hours, has been known to discharge 
gravel in large quantities. — Philadelphia Eclectic Joumd. ;j . 

The surest sign of gravel is the dark appearance of the 
urine, as if mixed with cofifee grounds, and a dull pain in 
the region of the kidney — if only inflammation, the dark- 
ness will not appear. See the closing remarks upon Grout. 

€AM]PHOE ICE,— For Ghaffjcbd Hands or LiFs.---^permacetio . 






DQ( oo&^'i^ lUEioross* 

f dlTow 1^ 00. ) oil of sweet almonds 4 teaspoons ; gank camphor | 
oz. ; made fine. Set on the stove until dissolved, constantly stir- 
ring. Do not use only just sufficient heat to melt them. 

^ Whilst warm, pour into moulds if desired to sell, then 
paper and put up in tin foil. If for your own use, put up 
in a tight box. Apply to the chaps or cracks two or three 
times daily, especially at bed time. 

BURNS.— Salve for Burns, Frost-Bites, Cracked Nipples, &o; 
— ^Equal parts of turpentine, sweet oil, and beeswax ; melt the oil 
and wax together, and when a little cool, add the turpentme, and 
stir luitil cold, wMch keeps them evenly mixed. 

Apply by spreading upon thin cloths — linen is the best. 
I used this salve upon one of my own children, only a year 
and a half old, which had pulled a cup of hot coffee upon 
itself, beginning on the eyelid, and extending down the 
face, neck and breast, also over the shoulder, and in tw(^ 
places across the arm, the skin coming ofif with the clothes ;, 
in fifteen minutes from the application of the salve, the child 
was asleep, and it never cried again from the bum, and not 
a particle of scar left. h *Kv vn 

It is good for chaps on hands or lips, or for any other 
Bore. If put on burns before blistering has taken place, 
they will not blister. And if applied to sore or cracked 
nipples every time after the child nurses, it soon cures them 
also. For nipples, simply rubbing it on is sufl&cient. I find 
it valuable also for pimples, and common healing purposes ; 
and I almost regret to add any other preparations for the 
game purposes, for fear that some one will neglect this ; but 
as there may be cases where some of the following can be 
made when the above cannot, I give a few others known to 
be valuable. The first one is from Dr. Downer, of Dixboro, 
within six miles of our city ; he used it in a caso where a 
boy fell backwards into a tub of hot water, scalding Ae 
wbole buttock, thighs, and privates, making a bad scald in^ 
bad place, but he succeeded in bringing him successfully 
through, and from it contayiing opium, it might be prefer- 
ably to the first in deep and very extensive burns, but in 
that^ case the opium might be added to the first. It is aa 

2. Db. Downer's -Salve fob i>miNS.— Beeswax 4 ozs. ; opium 
i oz. } gugar of l64d 1 oz. ; melt the beeewaz, aad ral). th^ |«a4^ 

SBDiOAii sxpisnma. 


%p !n the was, then the opinin, and finally add about ft gill of sweet 
oil, or sufficient to make a salve of proper consistence. < 

Spread lightly on cloth — no pain, he says, will be felt 
Tinder its use. He highly recommends it for the pain and 
inflammation of Piles, also. 

3. Poultice for Burns and Frozen Flesh.— A Bronson, of 
Meadowville, Pa., says, from 15 years' experience, that Indian meal 
poultices covered with Young Hyson tea, moistened with hot 
water, and laid over burns or frozen parts, as hot as can be borne, 
will relieve the pain in 5 minutes, and thai blisters, if they 
have not, will not arise, and that one poultice is usually suffi* 

4. Salve for BuRNS.--Beeswax, Burgundy pitch, white pine pitch, 
and rosin, of each J lb. : mutton tallow J lb. ; goose oil 1 gill ; tai 
^ gill, mixed and melted togeUier, and used as other salves. 

This was used successfully on a very bad case, burned all 
over the face, neck, breast, bowels, &c., soothing attd quiet- 
ing pain, giving rest and sleep directly. 

Garden and Kitchen Salve for Burns and Frost Bites.— 
Liveforever and sweet clover leaves, cammomile and sweet elder, 
the inner bark, a handful of each ; simmer them in fresh butter 
and mutton tallow, of each J lb. ; when crisped, strain out, and^ 
add 2 or 3 ozs. of beeswax to form a salve. Spread very thin on 
thia cloth. 

Mrs. Miller, of Macon, Mich., cured a bad case with this, 
burned by the clothes taking fire, nearly destroying the 
whole surface. She speaks of it in equal praise for cuts and 
frost bites. See the Green Ointment also for Chilblains. 

6. The white of an egg beat up, then beat for a long 
time with a table-spoon of lard, until a little water separ- 
ates from them, I have found good for burns. 

^ 7. Th^ white oxide of bismuth, rubbed up in a little 
'lard, is ak^o u good application in bums. 

8. Glycerine and tannin, equal weights, rubbed together 
into on ointment, is very highly recommended for sore or 
cracked nipples. See Dr. Raymond's statement in connec- 
tion with the treatment of Piles. 

ITOfflNG FEET FROM FHOST BITES.— To Cure.— Take hy- 
drochloric acid 1 oz. ; rain water 7 ozs. ; wash the feet with it 2 
or 3 times daily, or wet the socks with the preparatiop until ^ 
^Bved. ^ 



DB. chase's BEOIFB0 

*.-■■■ A ' tL.' fct 

^ A gentloman whose feet had been ftozdii; m Hid Alps, 
eight years before, and aDother man's had been frozen two 
years before on the Sierra-Nevada mountains, were effectu- 
ally cared by its use. 

CHITjBLAINS.— To Cure.— Published by Order of the Go- 
vernment OF WiRTBMBURO. — Mutton tallow and'Iard, of each f lb. ; 
melt in an iron vessel and add hydrated ozyde of iron 2 oz. ; 
Btirring continually with an iron spoon, until the mass is of an 
uniform black color ; then let it cool and add Venice-turpentine 2 
oz. ; and Armenian bole 1 oz. ; oil of b^rgamot 1 dr. ; rub up the 
bole with a little olive oil before putting it in. . 

Apply several times daily, by putting it upon lint or linen 
— hoaJs the worst cases in a few days. V. 

Chilblains arise from severe cold to the part, causing 
inflammation, often uloeratiQg, making deep, and very 
troublesonuJ, long continued sores. .; ,: 

FELONS.— If Recent, to Cure in Six Hours.— Venice turpen- 
tine 1 oz. ; and put into it half a teaspoon of water, and stir with 
a rough stick until the mass looks like candied honey, then spread 
a good coat on a cloth and wrap around the finger. If the case is 
oidy recent, it will remove tho pain in 6 hours. . 

2. A poke root poultice on a felon cures by absorption, 
unless matter is already formed ; if it is, it soon brings it to 
a head, and thus saves much pain and sufleriqg, :f^^j:^\ 

3. Blue flag and hellebore roots, equal parts, boiled in 
milk and water, then soak the felon in it for twenty minutes, 
as hot as can be borne, and bind the roots on the pajrts for 
one hour, has cured many felons, when commenced in time. 

4. A poultice of clay, from an old log house, made and 
kept wet with spirits of camphor, is also good. 

6. Felon Ointment. — Take sweet oil i pint, and stew a S cent 
plug of tobacco in it until the tobacco is crisped ; then squeeze it 
out and add red lead 1 oz., and boil until black \ when a little 
cool, add pulverized camphor gum 1 oz. 

Mrs. Jordan, of Clyde, 0., paid ten dollars for this recipe, 
and has cured many Dad felons, as well as bad fellows, with 
it. Bad fellows because they did not pay her. Certainly, 
this is a rational use of tobacco. 

6. Felon Salve. — A salve made by burning one table- 
spoon of copperas, then pulverizing it and mixing with the 
yolk of an egg, is said to relieve the pain, and cure the &loo 





in twdnly-fbur honra*; then heal with cream two pftTts, and 
soft soap one part. Apply the healing salve daily after 
soaking the part in warm water. 

DEAFNESS.— If Recent, to Cure, if not, to Reiievb.— Hen'0 
oil 1 gill ; and a single handful of the eweet clo^c^ raised in gar- 
dens ; stew it in the oil until the juice is all out, strain it and 
bottle for use. 

Where deafness is recent, it will be cured hy putting threa 
or four drops daily into the ear, but if of long standinff, 
much relief will be obtained if continued a suffioiont longui 

2. Much has been aaid in France about sulphuric ether, 
fiiBt tried by Madam Gleret, of Paris ; and, altiiough she 
lost her reason by the elation of feeling brought on, no 
doubt, by the honor given her for the discovery, yet the 
continued trial of the article does not give the satisfaotion 
*which had beep hoped for from its first success. 

WARTS AND CORNS.— T9 Cube in Ten Minutes.— Take a small 
piece of potash and let it stand in the open air until it slacks, 
then thicken it to a paste with pulverized gum arable, which pre- 
vents it from spreading where it is not wanted. 

Pare o£r the seeds of the wart or the dead skin of the 
corn, and apply the paste, and let it remain on ten minutes ; 
wash off and soak the place in sharp vinegar or sweet oilj 
either of which will neutralize the alkali. Now do not jam 
nor squeeze out the wart or corn, like ^< street-comer ped« 
dlers," but leave them alone and nature will remove them 
without danger of taking cold, as would be if a sore is 
made by pinching them out. Corns are caused by pressure j . 
in most cases removing the pressure cures the corn. Nine of 
every teix corns can be cured by using twice, daily, upon it,: 
any good liniment, and wearing loose shoes or l)Oots, 809 
Good Samaritan. ,^ ^ ^ L v . * 

2. OuBB FOB OoBNS. — If a cripple will take a lemtyOy 
out off a piece, then nick it so as to let in the toe with the 
corn, the pulp next the corn — tie this on at night, so thai 
it cannot move— he will find next morning that, with a blunt ini) 
knife, the corn will come away to a great extent. Two or 
three applications of this will make a ** pooar oripple*' hsfff 



DB. chase's KEOIPEadM 


3. AoETio AoiD, touched to bard or soft odrns, night and 
morning, for one week, will cure them. So will the Samari- 
tan liniment, which gee. 

4. Db. Hariman's Innocent and Sure Cube for Corns, Warts 
4ND fiwTT.m.ATvH. — ^Nitric and muriatic acids, blue vitriol and ealto 
of tartar, of each 1 oz. ; add the blue vitrei, pulverized, to either 
of the acids, and in the same way add the salts of tartar ; when/ 
done foamipg add the other acid, and in a few days it will be fi^ 
for use. . ^j j 

Directions. — For frosted feet, rub them with a swab oi 
brush, Wet with this solution very lightly, every part that 
is red and drv j in a day or two, if not cured, apply again 
ns before, ^or corns, apply in like manner, scraping off 
dead skin before using. For warts wet once a week until 
they disappear, which will be soon, for it is a certain cv:e 
in all the above cases, and very cheap. So says the Doctor, 
of Anderson, Ind. 

5. A gentleman in Ohio offers to pay ten dollars a piece 
for all corns not cured in three days by binding a bit of 
cotton batting upon it, and wetting it three times a day 
with spirits of turpentine. 

6. I am assui d by a gentleman of Syracuse, N.Y., that a 
plaster of the " Green Mountain Salve," put upon a com, 
will completely cure it by the time it naturally comes off, 

LINIMENTS- — Good Samaritan— Improved.— Take 98 per cent 
alcohol 2 qts., and add to it the following articles : Oils of sassa- 
fras, hemlock, spirits of turpentine, tinctures of cayenne, catechu, 
guaicaci, (guac,) and laudanum, of each 1 oz. ; tincture of myrrh 
i osis. ; oil of origanum 2 ozs. ; oil of wintergreen ^ oz. ; gum 
camphor 2 ozs. f and chloroform 1^ ozs. 

I have used the above liniment over five years, and can- 
not Bpeak too highly of its value ; I have cured myfeelf of 
two severe attacks of rheumatism with it, the first in the 
knee and the last in the shoulder, three years after ; my 
wife has cured two corns on the toes with it, by wetting 
them twice daily for a few days ; and it is hard to think of 
anything which it has not cured, such as sprains, bruises, 
cuts, jams, rheumatism, weak back, reducing swellings, 
curing leg-ache iii children from over-playing, for horse- 
flesh, &c., &c. But you will allow me one remark about 
^ni|i^ents->the^ ought in all cases to la«i put on and rubbecf 







>it of 


in from twenty to thirty minutes, and laying the hand on 
the part until it burns from its effects, instead of one or two 
minutes, as is the usual custom ; and if made by the quart, 
you can use them, freely, as the cost is not more than about 
one-eighth as much as to purchase the two shillinpj bottles. 
Wetting flannel with the liniment, and binding on, is a good 
manner of application. Dr. Hale, of this city, has adopted 
this liniment for general use ; but for headache and neural- 
gia, he takes eight ounces cf it and adds an ounce of chlo- 
roform, and half an ounce of oil of wintergreen, rubbing 
upon the head, holding to the nostrils, &c. The full pre- 
scription will usually cost about two dollars. 

'' 2. Liniment for Old Sores.— Alcohol 1 qt. ; aqua ammonia 4 
ozs, ; oil of origanum 2 oz3. ; camphor gum 2 ozs. ; opium 2 ozs. j 
gum myrrh 2 ozs. ; common salt 2 table-spoons. Mix, and ehakii 
occasionally for a week. 

This was presented for insertion by H. Loomis, of Ed- 
wardsburgh, Mich., hoping it might do many others as much 
good as it had done himself and neighbors. He showed me 
scars of an eld sore on his leg which he had cured with it, 
after years of suffering ; and also called up a young man 
whose father he had cured of a similar sore, years before, 
which had never broken out again ; he used it twice daily. 
His leg became sore after a protracted fever. I have great 
confidence in it. Ho uses it also for cuts, bruisef?, horse- 
i^esh, inflammatory rheumatism, &o., &c. 

3 3. Dr. Raymond's Liniment. — Alcohol 1 qt. ; oils of origanum 2 

■iftzs., and wormwood 1 oz. ; with camphor gum 2 ozs. ; spirits of 

turpentine 2 ozs. ; and tincture of cautharides 1 oz. Mixed and 

used as other liniments. ,i ■. H,5 :^.yk,u ^t ! \r m v? :r y 

ni Dr. D. W. Raymond, of Conneaut, 0., thinks that the 

last is the best liniment in the world. .,|^. ^,, 

4. German Rheumatic Fluid. — Oils of hemlock and cedar, of 
each \ oz. ; oils of origanum and sassafras, each 1 oz. ; aqua am- 
monia 1 oz. ; capsicum, pulverized, 1 oz. ; spirits of turpentine and 
gum camphor, each ^ oz. ; put all into a quart bottle, and fill with 
95 per cent, alcohol. 

The Germans speak equally in praise ef this fluid, as a 

liniment, as Dr. Raymond does of his, besides they say it is 

very valuable for cholic in man (^ horse. Dose.— For colic, 

for man, half a teaspoon ; for a horse, one-half to one ounce 

in a little warm water; every fifteen minutes, until reliere^* 



A gontldman purchased a horse for seventy-firo dollars, 
whinh had heen strained in one of the fetlocks, worth before 
the strain one hundred and twenty-five dollars. He cured 
him with this liniment, and sold him for the original value. 
Ho cured his wife also of neuralgia, with the same, since I 
have published this recipe. Judge ye of its value. 

5. Cook's Electro-Maonetio Liniment.— Best alcohol 1 gal. ; 
-oil of amber 8 ozs. ; gum camphor 8 ozs. ; castile soap, shaved fine, 
-J CKs. ; beef a gall, 4 ozs. ; ammonia, 3 F's strong, 12 oza. ] mix, and 
•bake occasionally for 12 hoarn, and it is fit for use. 

This will be found a strong and valuable liniment, and 
«lso cheap. It may be used in swellings, strains, &o., and 
rubbed upon the throat, breast and lungs, in asthma, sore 
throat, &c. 

Liniment fob Spinal Affections.— Take a pint bottle and put faito 
it^ll of origanum, wormwood, spirits of turpentine and gum cam- 
jpbor, of each 1 oz., and fill it with best alcohol. 

Mr. Barr, a gentleman with whom I have been acquainted 
fbr some four years, has been troubled with spinal well- 
ness and pains, and he finds great relief from the use of tMs 
liniment ; and his daughter took it internally for a cough, 
also, with success. 

rithT. ■ii.»» 

7. Great London Liniment. — Take chloroform, olive oil, atid 
aqua ammonia, of each 1 oz. ; acetate of morphia, 10 grs. Mix and 
use as other liniments. Very valuable. 

8. Gum Liniment— Take gum myrrh, gum camphor, and gum 
opium, of each ^ oz. ; cayenne pepper ^ oz. ; alcohol 1 pt. ; mix. 

This liniment is ready for use in three or four days, and 
is very highly recommended by E. Burrows, of Matamora, 
Lapeer Co. Mich. He prefers rum, if a good article can 
be got, in place of the alcohol. This would be excellent ir 
oolic, or diarrhea also. % 

9. Patent Liniment. — In order that those who pur- 
chase the patent liniments may know what they are buying, 
I give a formula, from which over twenty thousand dollars 
worth of liniment was sold in two years' time, but one of 
the partners going out of the firm and into the livery busi- 
ttess, gave me the plan as follows: 

Take whisky 16 gals., and put into it 2 lbs. of capsicum, pul- 
T^riised, let stand 10 days and percolate, or draw off the wh|«ky, 
"P^e^ tbe fiOdivent $ in the meantime take 1 gai. of spirits oi tur- 


.lognoKL tastsooBTt 


put into 
m cam- \ 

pentine, and put into it oils of origaniun, horse-mint, (MtaBafirMi Mid 
bemlock, 6 ozs. each ; add gum camphor 2 lbs. Mix and it ia ready 
to sell, for the purpose of gulling those who suppose everybody to 
be honest because they are themselves so. 

But that no loss ma^ arise from the space this liniment 
recipe occupies here, I will tell you how to make a good 
liniment, by using a part of that with the following : 

Take of the patent liniment 8 ozs. ; sweet oil and oils of origa- 
num, sassafras and aqua ammonia, of each 2 ozs., and mix, shaking 
well as used, and this mixture will make a splendid horse liniment, 
with which you can easily blister, by bandaging the part if detdred, 
and wetting the bandage with it. 

The first would cost less than $1 per gallon, whilst the 
retail price, two shillings per bottle, makes i^ oyer $2 per 
quart. See where your money goes. 

'^UO. LoBBLLi AND Catennb Linimbmt.— Take a quart bottle and 
put into it \ oz. of Cayenne, pulverized, then put in 2 ozs. of lobe- 
lia herb, and fill up the bottle with whisky; in two weeks it is 
readv for use, and applicable for cuts, bruises, strains, sprains, i&o.: 
and it will heal cork cuts in the feet of oxen or horses, witiioui 
stopping them from labor, and with but very little soreness, by 
applying 2 or 3 times daily. 

I know a gentleman who had a gash cut in his scalp, fbur 
inches in length, and to the skull in depth, by a falling limib, 
which by the use of this liniment only, as strange as it may 
appear, it healed without pain or soreness. But some may 
object to it as a whisky liniment. I admit it to be 8uo|iy 
but by knowing how to make it yourselves, you get it for a 
whisky price, and if it be not found as good b» one-hfllir of 
the two-shilling-a-bottle liniments, then you may t^ll me 
that I do not know when I have a good thing. 

11. Liniment—Said to be St. JoHN's.^For 70 doz. botflee take 
spirits of turpentine and seneca oils, of each 4 gals. ; linseed or 
sweet oil, 2 gals. ; oils of origanum, hemlock, juniper, amber, aUd 
laudanum, of each 3 qts. ; spirits of ammonia 1 qt. ; tincture of 
arnica 2 gals. ] camphor gum 1 lb. Put all into a keg and shake 
well ; when you wish to fill into small bottles, shake it well, 
and draw into a convenient bottle or pitcher to pour from ; and 
shake it well every time you fill five bottles; and shake tibe 
bottle whenever you use the liniment ; thus it might be called 
" Shaking" Liniment. No matter what you call it, however, it is a 
jopd one. 

I obtained the recipe of a young gentleman who worked 
4n MrdBt.^ John's i^bove o?er ayeiur^yetmttcLearewMit&ken 



to preventthe knowledge of its exact composition, from l)6ing 
found out by assistants ; it is a well known fact, however, 
that an observing mind can learn much, although not ez< 
pressed in words. Perhaps he will blame me for publishing 
information gained in that way, but I obtain knowledge for 
the benefit of the people ; and as I have called on the Doc- 
tor two difFerent times to sell my work, but could not suc- 
ceed, I do not feel under any special obligations to him, and 
if I did, I go in for the greatest good to the greatest num- 
ber. Were it not so, I should not publish much that is 
contained in this work, for there are many persons who have 
and aro making fortunes out of single recipes, now published 
for the benefit of the world. t/it 

Because I could nob sell my Recipes to I. L. St. John, a 
druggist, of Tiffin, 0., however, is not saying that I do not 
sell them to druggists generally, as I do. In Aurora, Ill.,\ 
I sold to six, and in Pomeroy, 0., to seven, every one in 
either place, which is not common. They are, however, not 
only anxious to obtain information generally, but also willing 
to impart it to others ; and how Mr. St. John shwdl^- li^ve 
obtained as good recipes as the ones here attribute: vi'to', Mm, 
without sometime having bought, is a little surprising ; for 
as a general rule, those who put out " Patent Medicines," 
are not themselves the originators of the recipes ; even Dr. 
Jayne is reported, I know not how truly, to have picked up 
the recipe in an out-house, for his celebrated Alterative. I 
say, then, am I not justified in publishing these recipes ? 
Nay, more! am I not honorable in thus benefitting the 
people? 1 rest the matter with them, always willing to 
abide their decision. ^ 

Persons only wishing to put up for their own use, will 
take one-seventieth of the various amounts, which will be 
about as follows : ^fci^J1^ :ij ^A 'r 

Turpentine and Seneca oil?, of each, 7| ozs, ; sweet oil and 
tincture of arnica, of each, 3f ozs. ; oils of origanum, hemlock, 
juniper, amber, and laudauum, of each, 1 J ozs. ; spirits of ammo- 
nia \ oz., find gum camphor ^ oz., which makes a little leas than 1 
qt., there being 64 qts., besides the gum camphor, in the whole 

This calculation will be sufficiently near for all practical 

r hare sold the condition powder and liniment^ out of the 




drag store, made by the Doctor, which has always giveu 
good satisfaction. And I think any one who tries both will 
bo as well pleased with those made by these recipes as with 
that which is sent out from Tiffin, and make it for one- 
fourth the cost of the other. 

COD LIVER OIL.— Made Palatable and more Dioestiblb.— 
To each bottle, add flue table salt 1 oz. Mix well. 

By this very simple plan cod liver oil has its peculiar un-'* 
pleasantness overcome, as well as made far more easy for the ** 
stomach to dispose of. But even with this improvement, I 
do not consider a table-spoon of it equal, for consumption, to . 
a glass of rich, sweet cream, with a teaspoon of best brandy ' ■ 
in it, to be drank at each meal. 



Successful. — Take tamarao 

baA, without rossing (the moss may be bruised oflF)> 1 peck:** 
gpinkenard root i lb.; dandeloin root J lb.; hops 2 ozs. Boil'" 
these suflSciently to get the strength, in 2 or S gals, of water, straiu'^"^' 
and boil down to 1 gal. ; when blood warm add 3 lbs. of honey 
and 3 pts. of best brandy ; bottle, and keep in a cool place. Dose. — 
A wine glass or a little less, as the stomach will bear, 3 or 4 times 
daily, before meals and at bed time. 

Consumption may justly be called the king of diseases, 
but he has, many times, been obliged to haul down his col- 
ors, and give place to health, and consequent happiness, when 
he came in contact with the above syrup. It does not, how- 
ever, contain any of the articles usually put into syrups for 
this disease — this of itself ought to obtain for it a considera- 
tion. I have been told, and that by a professional, man, that 
there was not an article in it of any value for consumption, 
i have acknowledged it does not contain any articles 
commonly used for that disease ; but allow me to ask if they 
cure the disease in one case out of a hundred ? The answer 
is. No. I am now using this on a case within a few miles of 
the city, who had called one of our Professors. Ho promised 
bsnefit, and did benefit about one week ; subsequently, two« 
other physicians were also called without any lasting benefit. 
Ho had not cut his wood for nearly a year, nor done otheiji 
labor to any extent ; he has now taken our syrup nearly threes 
months ; he was weak, spare in flesh, and coughed very 
much, with cold feet and surface ; he is now stout, fleshy, 
and scarcely any cough ; surface and feet warm. Wba| 




I>B< CBAStfB JXE(3tP&&, 




mate oduld be asked ? Tet he is very careless, for I called 
on hitn on a cold, snovTy day lately, and he was in the woods, 
foif wood. Do I need better proof of its value? No one 
wotdd expect sickness of the stomach to arise from its use," 
from the articles of which it is composed, but the first dose 
usually makes the person rather sick at the stomach, and 
sometimes vomits, but don't fear to continue its use. I had 
rather trust to tamaraok-bark tea than thi-ee-fourths of the 
consumptive syrups of the day. Let every one who is 
a^cted with cough, be careful to avoid exposure as much 
as possible. Ilemember, with this syrup, as long as there 
is me, there is hope. 

But it would be deceptive and wicked to hold out to all 
consumptives the idea that they could be cured — facts 
speak like this, although I have never seen it in print, nor 
heard the remark, but my own observation says that nine 
out of every ten hereditary consurfiptives, will, in the end, die 
of the disease, while an equal number of those whose dis- 
ease is brought on by colds being neglected, or from neglect 
of acute inflammations, &c., may be cured. Then those 
who know their parents or others in their family to have 
gone with this disease need hardly expect a cure, notwith- 
standing much benefit may be derived from care, with the 
ftbove treatment, good diet, and out-of door exercise^ while 
those who3e systems are not tainted from parents may ex- 
pect a permanent cure, . * = ^ :: , 

I shall now throw in a few ttioughts ct my own, and from 
the experience of many others in the profession, which I 
hope may benefit all, needing light on the subject. 

First, ijien — Do not g( South, to smother and die ; but 
go North, for cool, fresh air, hunt, fish, and eat freely o^. 
the roasted game ; cast away care, after having trusted all in' 
Christ, that it may be well, living or dying. Take a healthy, 
faithful friend with you, to lean upon when needed, in your 
rambles. So shall it be well with many who would other- 
wise sink to the consumptive's grave. Have your potatoes 
with you, and roast them in the embers ; your corn meal 
also, which you will mix with cold water, having a little salt 
in it, and bake on a board before the fire, and then say you 
cannot make out a good flavoured meal, and a healthy one 
9iB^f from ^our rr^t Yenison, or broiled fish, with roast pota- 








toes and johnny cake^ I will then acknowledge that you are 
indeed far gone on the consumptive's track, and espeeially 
if you have been wandering over hills and through the yal- 
leys of our northern country in pursuit of the game of which 
you are about to partake. 

Secondly — Do not leave home after having tried every- 
thing else in vain, and just ready to wrap the mantle of |he 
grave around you ; then you need all the care of mi^ny 
friends, and a quiet place to die ; but, strike oat the Qrst 
thing when you become certain that permanent disease has 
fastened upon the lungs ; then you may not only reasonably 
expect a cure, but be almost certain. Have the means with 
you to avoid getting wet by rains ; but often waeh and rub 
the whole surface, wearing flannel next the skin, and clothe 
yourself according to the weather and sex ; for there is no 
reason why females should not pursue about the same course. 

They can dress a la Bloomer j and with their father, hus- 
band, brother or other known friend, derive the same bene- 
fit from out-door exercise, like field or forest rambles, botan- 
ical huntings, geological surveys, or whatever ^orts or 
realities may give just t^e amount of exercise not to fatigue 
the invalid. ji..«.ii'Vfv\.- .■,(:?. -'t;'_- ;.,,*>/rL,-;irti,.i'v 

For females who have families and cannot leave them, 
gardening will be the best substitute for the travel, or of 
all the employment which can be engaged in. 

Lastly — Those who are already far down the corsump- 
tive track and confined at home, will derive much benefit by 
using, at each meal, half a pint of rich, fresh cream. In all 
cases it is ahead of Cod-Liver Oil, with none of its disagree- 
ableness. And if it can be borne, ** tea, tp ^ tea9||09Q of 
, the best brandy may be added. • . ".' 

Much is being ?;aid now-a-days, aoout the necessity of 
constant inflation of the lungs by long drawn breaths, hold- 
ing the breath, also, as long as possible, when thus fully 
inflated ^ but for thoee whose lungs are extensively diseasedf, 
it is not only useless but very dangerous, from the liability 
to uurst blood-vessels in the lungs, causing hemorrhage, if 
not instant death. In the comjiencement'of the disease, 
however, or for those in health, the practice is decidedly 
( 2, Bfdf a pinVof um vd^t wiUi a wiae-ghuBS of expressed 



DR. chase's RECIPfiS. 



juice of green hoarhouncl, each morning for a month, is said 
to have worked wonders in relieving the soreness of the 
lungs, and giving tone to the general health in this disease. 

3. Chlorate of Potash, for Consumption. — A gen- 
tleman of ijiwa read a paper about a year ago before the 
" American Medical Association," upon the subject of Chlo- 
rate of Potash in Consumption, giving the history of a few 
oases only. For the want of a more extended trial of it, 
the Association thought best not to publish his paper, but 
referred it back to him, and f o the consideration of the other 
members for further test. 

Amongst those members is Dr. A. H. Palmer, of this city, 
one of the Vice-Presidents of the Association, and Profes- 
sor of " Practice, Materia Medica," &c., in the University 
of Michigan, at Ann Arbor — by the way, a gentleman and a 
scholar. Having had much experience in practice, he saw! 
fit to give it a trial. He has used it in about thirty cases, 
and with a single exception with marked success ; and in 
that case there was at first much improvement, but the pa- 
tient was a German who does not understp.nd our language 
very well, and from this fact when he found that it caused 
a heat or burning sensation in the siomach instead of going 
to the Professor and have the quantity lessened, he aban- 
doned it altogether. But through Prof. Palmer's kindness 
I have been permitted to Ksfer to other cases where a very 
marked amelioration has taken place. One of these, a mar- 
ried lady, although her lungs were full of tubercles, with 
much coughing, soreness of the lungs, with sharp pains upon 
full breaths being taken, &c., finds her cough loose, soreness 
all gone, and that full breaths can be taken without pain, 
(or stitching, as commonly called.) and fully believes that if; 
she could have had this prescription earlier in the disease, 
she would now have been well, yet derives much relief from 
its use. Another lady has been using it only a few months, 
and finds that her symptons are nil very much relieved, and 
she has gained seventeen pounds in flesh. > iiv;^^ ■ 

The Professor assures me that in the first few canes where 
he prescribed the "Jilorate, the benefits were so marked, it 
was really astonishing ; which, of course, caused him to go 
on in its usp, until, as before remarked, about thirty cases 
iiayo been more or les8 benefitted by its use, under his care 



le, fsorencss 

His method of giving it is to put about a teaspoon of the 
chlorate into a glass of water, which is to be drank a little 
at a time, in from six to twenty-four hours, with other ap- 
propriate treatment. 

If in any case the chlorate should cause a heat or burning 
sensation at the stomach, lessen the quc\ntity ; and unless 
this does occur, no apprehensions need be felt in using it. ■ 
It improves the general sympton-j, lessening the pulse, &c., 
whilst the Cod-Liver Oil has never done anything more than 
to benefit merely as food ; and from its very disgusting smell 
and taste, and the almost impossibility of keeping it upon i 
the stomach, I greatly prefer the fresh sweet cream men- 
tioned above, or the fat meat, as mentioned below. 

The hyper-phosphates have been extensively used, but 
Prof. Palmer tells me that in Paris and other parts of 
Europe, where he traveled during the past summer, that not 
one well authenticated case of cure by them can be pro- 
duced. But he feels much encouraged to hope that the 
chlorate will prove itself worthy of great confidence. 

The above was written one year ago; and the reports 
coming in since then, both in America and from Europe, 
more than confirms the expected benefits and hoped for ad* 
vantages from the use of the chlorate in this disease. 

4. Remarks on the Use op Fat Meats — Prvbn-' 
TiVE OF Consumption. — There is so much said against the 
use of fat meats, and especially pork, as an article of diet, 
that I cannot better close my remarks upon thi- -nbjeot' 
than by giving the opposite opinions of those in high places^ 
corroborated also by my own experience. ^^^'^^ ' " -^^r^^m 

Dr. Dixon, of the Scalpel, some time ago, assumed the 
position that " the use of oils would diminish the vic- 
tims of consumption nine-tenths, and that that was the 
whole secret of the use of Cod-Liver Oil, to take the place 
of fat meats." 

Dr. Hooker's observations on the «uie of fat meats, con- 
nected with consumption, are as foilowfl : 

" FmsT — Of all persons between the ages of 15 and 22 years 
more than one-fifth eat no fat meat. Second— Of persons at Hhe 
age of 45, all, excepting less than 1 in 60, htvbitiially use fat 
meat. TAird — Of persons who, between the ages of 15 and 22,' 
avoid l&t meat, a few acquire an appetite for it, and liv9 to ai 


I II I 11 mimmm^f'mmimim 




1 M 

' Mfgi 



^ 1 


x>& 0]iiysi^VBBeii»a9i^' 



g^fiii.'t\9'B!^i^\\(it ^ gr^&ter portion die with phdtesifl (con- 
sumption) befbro 35. Fourth— Of persons dying with phthesia 
between the ages of 12 and 45, nine-tenths, at least, have never 
used fat meats. . h 


. " Most individuals who avoid fat meat, also use little but' 
t«r or oily gravies, though many compensate for this want 
in part, at least, by a free use of those articles, and also 
milk, eggs, and various saccharine substances. But they 
constitute an iiuperfect substitute for fat meat, without 
which, sooner or later, the body is almost sure to show the 
offieote of deficient calonfication." 

A lady^leoturer recently said in this city^ in one of her 
lectures — ** Set a piece of pork before a lady : oh, horrible I 
the^ dirty, nasty, filthy stuff; give us cAic^ — clean, nice 
cfaictoi." Now this lady, certainly, was no fanner's wife, 
or she would have observed that the habits of chickens are^ 
ten times more filthy than that of the hog, if it be possible; 
lax even the hogffl leavings and droppings are carefully over- 
hauled by them, and much of it appropriated to " ladies' 
meat." But their filthinees is no argument in either case; 
for nattxre's strainer (the stomach), throws off all impurities. 
Why do so many young ladies, young clergymen^ and stvr 
dents die of consumption ? Simply because chicken or other 
lean meats, hot biscuit, &c., without exercise, make up the 
Bums of their diet ; when, if they would eat fu* meats, with 
bread not less than one day old, scrub floors, saw woo<l, or 
other arm exercipe, according to sey, an hour at each end 
of each day, they might be spared for years — perhaps to long 
lives of usefulnesSjto their families,congregations,or the world. 

So- far as pork is concerned as food, the following rule 
may be safely followed : If it agrees with the. stODkach, 
which is known by its digesting without " Risings," as it is 
called, its use may be continued, but if it rises, lessen the 
quantity, and if it still rises abandon its use altogether : t>ut 
it digests better with me than mutton, or chicken, and I 
have been trying tliefa for nearly fifty years. Tne same 
rule is good for all articles of food. As to exercise, for men 
who ore not regular laborers, wood sawing is the best, next, 
ho]'&6-back ridhig, then walking; for women, hoeing in the 
garden or field, next swedpiog,. dusting, &6.) then horse- 
bode ridingj wakbg, &o^ . ,. . , 

" \ V 



Is (con- 
re never 

itle but- 
ts want 
,nd also 
ut they 
low the 

3 of her 
Lorrible 1 
jan, nice 
r's wife, 
kens are\ 
possible ; 
illy over- 
« ladies' 
ler case ; 
and stii- 
I or other 
te up the 
jats, with 
woo<l, or 
sach end 
ps ta long 
the world, 
ving rule 
I," as it is 
iesse» the 
ither: t>ut 
en, and I 
Tno same 
le, for men 
Dcst, next, 
ing in the 
Ida hor^e- 



6. But I have recently seen a piece going the yomd^-of 
the papers as the best cure for consumption in the world^^ 
which contains so much good sense that I will dose my re- 
marks on the subject by giving it a quotation, and let every 
one judge for themselves, which to try, if they see* fit to. 
give either a trial It is represented as coming from an. 
eaxharige only, but from its style of remark, I think it must 
have started from Hall's Journal of Hoalth : . ... . .*„,^„ , 

" Eat all that the appetite requires of the most nom^Iitngi fobd^ 
such as fresh beef, lamb, oysters, raw eggs, fruit, vegetables, and 
three times a day take a glass ot eg^-nog, made as rich as thft 
patient can bear. Avoid all other alcoholic drinks. B^tbe twice: 
a week in water made agreeably warm, and in a wannroom-i 
after bathiog rub the body and limbs with sweet cream or sweet 
oil. Exercise daily in the open air ; walking is the best. Stii,zid^ 
erect, exercise the arms and lungs freely, keep the mind chejerfol ;■ 
take freely of the best cough syrup, and consumption wUl be a~ 
stranger to your household. 

"For making the best cough syrup, take 1 oz. of thoroughwort ; 
1 oz. of slippery elm ; 1 oz. of stick licorice, and 1 oz. of flasc 8e«d \ 
simmer together in 1 qt. of water until the 'strength is entirely, ex-^ 
tracted. Strain carefully, add 1 pt. of best molasses, and j^ lb. oi. 
loaf sugar: simmer them all well together, and when cola bottle 
tkht. This is the cheapest, best, and safest medicine now or ever 



*^ A few doses of one table-spoon at a time will alleviKte 
the most distressing cough of the lungs, soothes and allayv 
irritation, and if continued, subdues any tendency to con- 
sumption ; breaks up entirely the whooping cough, and no 
better remedy can be fouud for croup^ asthma, ^onoMtl^' 
and all affections of the lungs and thtoat. Thoi£8«eidS'oi 
precious lives may be saved every year by this cheap- and 
simple remedy, as well aa thousands of dollars which would 
otherwise be spent in the purchase of nostrums which are 
both useless and dangerous." — Exchcmge, FOr egg-nog 
see " Stimulant in Low Fevers." 

OINTMENTS.— For Old SoRES.—Red precipitate^ o». : sugar 
of lead ^ oz. ; burnt alum 1 oz. ; white vitriol \ oz., or a little lew ; 
all to be very finely pulverized ; have mutton tallow made warm } 
lb. ; stir al; in, and stir until cool. 

Mr. Brownell, of Dowagiao, Mich., thinks there is no 
ointment equal to this for fever or any other -old sore«, from 
actwU trial) a&k mupU 8Q as Mr» Loomisdoesof hi9>XijuittOii| 







PB^ Ohasb's ^OIPES* 


^^/ JtTDKiNri' Ointment. — This Ointment has been long 
celebrated through Ohio and the Eastern States. It was 
invented and put up by an old Doctor of that name, whose 
family took to the profession of medicine as naturally as 
ducks to water. I obtained it of one of the sons, who is 
p'^otising at Malaga, Ohio, from whom I also obtained 
Landolfi's and his own method of curing cancer, (see those 
recipes,) and he always uses this ointment to heal cancers 
and all other sores : .,^ t^i ^ ^^ r ^mym. t 

Linseed oil 1 pt. ; sweet oil 1 oz. ; and boil them in a kettle on 
coals for nearly 4 hours, as warm as you can ; then have pulver- 
ised and mixed, borax ^ oz. ; red lead 4 ozs., and sugar of lead. 
I^ ozs. ; remove the kettle from the fire and thicken in the pow- 
der ; continue the stirring until cooled to blood heat, then stir in 
1 oz. of spirits of turpentine ; and now take out a little, letting 
it get cold, and if not then sufficiently thick to spread jipon thin, 
soft linen, as a salve, you will boil again until this point is 
reachedl ' 

He says, and I have no doubt of it, that it is good for all 
kinds of wounds, bruises, sores, burns^ white swellings, 
rheumatisms, ulcers, sore breasts, and even where there are 
wounds on the inside, it has been used with advantage, by 
applying plaster over the part. . 

3. Sisson's Ointment. — Best brandy J pt. ; turpentine 1 gill ; 
oamphor gum 1 oz. ; beefs gall ^ pt. ; (beefs gall bottled with J 
alcohol will keep nice for future use,) neats-loot oil 1 pt. Mix. 

This ointment, or probably liniment, is probably not equal- 
^ for reducing swellings which arise from bad bruises, or 
swellings of long standing ; rub it in for quite a length of 
time, i£en wet a flannel in it and wrap around the parts. 

4. Green Ointment. — White pine turpentine and lard } lb. each ; 
honey and beeswax \ lb. each ; melt all together and stir in ^ oz. 
of very finely pulverized verdigris. 

In deep wounds and old sores this works admirably, it 
keeps out proud flesh, and heals beyond all calculation, keep- 
ing up a healthy discharge. It was used on a horse, which 
had run upon a fence stake, the stake entering under the 
shoulder blade and penetrating eighteen inches alongside of 
the ribs ; the ointment was introduced by stiffening linen 
cloth with warm beeswax, and rolling it up into what is 
called a tent, then smearing the ointment upon the tent and 
pushing it to the bottom of the wound, which kept tha out- 





ably, it 
1, keep- 
ier the 
^side of 
ig linen 
^bat is 
int and 
h» out- 

side from healing until it healed from the bottom, and thus 
saved the horse, which everybody said must die ; and of 
course everybody always knows. The man owning the horse 
was thrown from his buggy whilst the horse was rurtningy 
and had a leg broken ; the horse was well before the man» 
Hiram Gisson, an old farrier and farmer, of Crown Point, 
Essex Co., N. Y., has used this and the one bearing his 
name, No. 3, several years, and speaks of them in the high- 
est terms. Mr. Wykoff, a few miles north of this city, has 
used this green ointment for several years, curing a deep cut 
in the thigh of a friend in a few days with it, which induced 
him to pay ten dollars to an English lady for the recipe j 
since then he cured a bad case of chilblains with it, upon a 
German boy who had not worn boot or shoe for three years 
on their account. I have now known it for two years, curing 
outs on horses' feet, from stepping over corn stubble in 
spring ploughing, by only a few applications. It is worth 
more than the cost of this book to any family who has not 
got it. 

This mixed with equal parts of the Magnetic, No. 11, and 
the world cannot beat it for general use. 

6. Green Ointment.— Honey and beeswax, of each ^ lb. ; spirits 
of turpentine 1 oz. ; wintergreen oil and laudanum, each 2 cm. ; 
verdigris, finely pulverized, ^ oz. ; lard IJ lbs. j mix by a stove 
fire, a copper kettle, heating slowly. 

■'•■»'• :j>..^; 

I have given this green ointment, varying somewhat from 
the first, obtained of a gentleman at Jamestown, N. Y., who 
was selling it in large quantities, as he uses the spirits of 
turpentine instead of the white pine, for that frequently is 
hard to get, and by some this will be preferred, for the flesh 
of a few persons will inflame under the free use of verdigris, 
and it will be seen that this last recipe has not near as mach 
ofit in as the first. ^^ nt^sv^ >aivnni> 

6. Dr. Kfttredgb's Celebrated OiniMent. — ^For " PrnPLfiD* 
Face," " Prairie Itch," «fcc.— Take a pint bottle and put into it 
nitric acid 1 oz."; quiclcsilver 1 oz.;* and let stand until the silver 
is cut; then melt lard | lb. in an earthen bowl and mix all 
together, and btir with a wooden spatula until cold. 

^ Old Dr. Kittredge is an Allopathic Physician, liut lis 
ointment has been known over the whole State as death to 
the *^ Michigan or Prairio Itch," and the doctor recommends 








i% for Cancerous, Scrofulas, and Syphilitic Ulcers, also Salt- 
rheum, Ring-worms, ** Pimpled Face,'/ Ohronic Inflamma- 
tion of the eyelids, &o. Application — For cutaneous erup- 
tions, scratch off the scab, warm the cerate, rub in thoroughly 
once a day ; for running ulcers, spread a thin plaster, and 
' not change oftener than once in thirty-six or forty-eight 

' 7. HifsAD's Salt-Rhbum OnmiENT. — ^Aquafortis 1 oz. ; quicksilver 
^ 1 02. ; good hard soap dissolved so as to mix readily 1 oz. ; prepared! 
cb^k 1 oz., mixed with 1 lb. of lard ; incorporate the above by 
,^ putting the aquafortis and quicksilver into an earthen vessel, and "^ 
when done effervescing, mix with the other ingredients, putting 
the o|ii^ in last, and add a little spirits of turpentine, say half a 
table-spoon.?..^, 4 

Mr. Meacf is aiesident of this city, advanced in age, over 

ninety years, and great confidence may be placed in this 

recipe. He sent it for insertion in the seventh edition^ of 

thia wor^, and many have tried it with satisfaction. He first 

proved it on himself, after suffering with Salt-rheum for ten 

years ; at first it came back after two years ; he theu cured 

It again, and now has been free from it about fourteen years. 

m His only object in presenting me the recipe was to do good 

to his fellow-creatures. Some physicians think that if nitrio 

acid one ounce, and three drachms, was put upon the quick* 

• silver and cut or dissolved by gentle heat, that it would be 

,,j abetter way to prepare it; but I never wish to change when 

an article works as well as this does. 
^' 8. Br. Gibson, of Jamestown, Pa., says he has never failed 

Itk curing salt-rheum or leprosy, (meaning very ))ad skin 
diseases) with the following : ' ' 

First, wash the part with Castile soap and water, dij with a 
t soft cloti), then wet the parts erupted witii the tincture of iodine, 
and fl^r this gets dry, anoint with citron ointment. When the , 
eruption ^ ists about parts not covered with clothing, use the' 
following vyash alternately with the tincture : Corrosive sublimate 
1 dr. ; sugar of lead 3 ozs. ; white vitriol 2 scruples ; salammoniac 
8 drs. ; common salt 2 drs. ; soft water 1 pint ; mix. 

He had a case — a young gentleman who was engaged to 

be married, but the lady would not marry him till cured, 

, ] from the fact that a sore of a leprous or obstinate character 

surrounded his head where the hat came in contact with it. 

But patience and nine months perseverance removed the 

mh from his crowo, and crowned him with ft help-meet. 



tiet me here say that in any disease of long Btanding, 
nse some of the alterative medicines to cleanse the blood, 
while using the outward applications. The " Cathartic Al- 
terative" is especially adapted to these skin diseases, and 
should be continued some time, even if you are not anxious 
to get married. The Citron Ointment is kept by nearly all 

9. White lead in sweet oil, used as an ointment, cured a 
lady in Lafayette, Ind., of a bad case of Salt-Bheum. 

10. Itch OiNTMBNT.--Un8alted butter 1 lb, ; Burgundy pitch 
2 oz!>. ; spirits of turpentine 2 ozs. ; red precipitate, pulverized, 
l\ oz. ; melt the pitch and add the butter, stirriDg well together : 
then remove from the fire, and when a little cool add the spirits of 
turpentine, and lastly the precipitate, and stir until cold. 

This will cure all cases of psora, usually called ^' The 
Itch," and many other skin eruptions^ as pip^pi^i bjiQtQbes, 
&o. • '- ■■''' - ' ■'-■I'- '^ ■'' 

Dr. Beach thinks the animal which infests the »kin in real 
itch, is the result of the disease, whilst most authors think 
it the cause. .^i * 

11. Maonetio Ointment.— Sato to be Tbask's.— Lard, raisins, 
cut in pieces, and fine-cut tobacco, equal weights ; simmer well 
together, then strain and press out all fi;om the dregs. # 

The above is an excellent ointment, and looks like its ^ 
namesake, and its action is really magnetic. Mix this in 
equal parts with the first Green Ointment No. 4, and it will 
make a good application in Piles, Salt^Eheum, and all cuta- 
neous or skin diseases, as well as cuts, bruises, &c. If used 
in Salt-Bheum, some of the alterative remedies must be 
taken at the same time, and long continued. 

12. Stramonium Ointment. — The probability is, that 
for general use, no ointment will be found superior to this, 
when properly made. It is kept by most druggists, but it 
is not half as good generally as if made by the following 
directions. I give largo proportions, from the fact that it 
will be used in large quantities. Stramonium is known by 
the names of ** Jimpson," " Stink Weed," ' Thorn Apple," 
&o., from its thorny burr. 

Pick about a bushel of the leaves, while yet green, having a 
Bidtable iron ketUe placed over a slow fire ; put in a few of the 
leaves and mash them as you keep adding until you get tben 




m, chase's beoifes. 


'!r I 


all maahed into a pulpy mass, then put in lard 5 Ibs^., and 
Blew to, a crisp ; then strain and box for use. Those who live in 
towns and prefer to malje it with less trouble, will purchase 1 dr. 
of the soft extract, kept by druggists, rubbing it with a little 
water until it is of such a consistence as to allow it to be nibbed 
into an ointment with lard 1 oz. This will be better than the 
sale ointment; but not as good as the '' Home Made," above. 

It is anodyne, (relieves pain,) in bums, scalds, old irrita- 
Lie ulcers, skin diseases, painful hemorrhoids, (Piles,) and 
is discutient, (driving .away swellings,) and very strengthen- 
ing to broken limbs, i. c, after the bones are healed to rub 
over the limb freely, and thoroughly ; it reduces the swell- 
ing, and gives tone to the muscles, tendons, &c. 

We have recently known two cases of fracture, one a 
compound fracture of the ankle, the other of the wrist, both 
in persons well advanced in life; in both cases strength re- 
turned .very slow, but with double speed by the free appli- 
cation of this ointment j and in the first case it undoubtedly 
prevented mortification. It is valuable, nlso, in painful or 
swelled rKeumatism. Or, perhaps wha^j would be prefera- 
ble, in such cases, is a tincture made of the seeds from the 
thorny burr, two ounces, to alcohol and water, of each, a 
half pint, if it is not found ahead of the " Tincture of 
Arnica," I will give you my head for a " Foot-Ball." In 
applying it, wet cloths or brown paper, and bind upon the 
parts, keeping them well wet. To make this tincture, see 

13. Toad Ointment. — For sprains, strains, lame-back, 
rheumatism, caked breasts, caked udders, &c., &c. 

Good sized live toads, 4 in number, put into boiling water and 
cook very soft ; then take them out and boil the water down to I 
J pint, and add fresh churned, unsalted butter 1 lb. and simmer | 
together ; at the last add tincture of arnica 2 oza. 

This was obtained from an old Physician, who thought 
more of it than of any other prescription in hip possession. 
Some persons might think it hard on toads, b^t you could 
not kill them quicker in any other way. ' -"^ ,. >: , ,:. 

JAUNDICE.— Br. Peabody's Cure. — In its WoEsy Forms.- I 
Red ioJide of mercury 7 grs. ; iodide of potaspluni '9/gi's. ; aqmj 
dis. (distilled water) 1 oz. ; mix. Commence* by ^|ting 6 drops! 
3 or 4 times a day; increasil% one drop a d^y until 12 or l^j 
drops are given at a dose. "^iJlve in a little ^ater immediutel/l 






aflor meals. If it causes a griping sensation in the bowels, and 
fullness in the head when you get up to 12 or 15 drops, go baclc 
to 6 drops, and up again as before. 

In two very bad cases of jaundice, I have known the 
above to be entirely successful. 

I am aware that many persons will not use any prepara- 
tion containing mercury in any of its forms, while there are 
many others wlio would use them for that very reason j my 
object is to benefit all, without strengthening the prefu>- 
dices of any ; for this reason I give you the following : 

2. Drink fob Jaundice. — Tie up soot and saffron, equal parts, 
ia a cloth to the size of half a hen's egg, let it lie in a glass of 
water over night ; in the morning put the yolk of an egg, beaten 
into this water, and drink it. Do this 3 mornings, skipping 3, until 
9 doses have been taken. 

I am assured that it has proved successful in many bad 
ca^es. See also Soot Coffee, No. 12, amongst the Ague 
remedies. ■'>> • -^ ^ 

PILES. — Successful Remedies.— Internal REMEDY.—Cream of 
tartar, jalap, pulverized, senna and flowers of sulphur 1 oz. each ; 
nitrate of potash (saltpetre), ^ oz. ; golden seal 1 oz., thoroughly 
pulverize all together, in a mortar, and give a teaspoon three times 
every day, or the dose may be varied to suit the condition of tho 
patient, taking more or less to suit circumstances, keeping the 
bowels in a solvent state. ]^ y, pj.^j,-% •, ji, ■ ; i • v^j * «v,^ ij^ ,* { 

External Appucation. — Inner bark of the white oak tree, boil 
and strain, and bo}« again until you obtain ^ pint of the extract, 
very thick ; then add I pint of the oil of the oldest and strongest 
bacon you can procure ; simmer together until a union takes 
place when cold. Then apply by the finger up the rectum 4)very 
night until well. Be very strict to abstain from strong and stimu' 
lating diet. The above is a sure cure for blind or bleeding piles, 
in all cases, sooner or later. • „ , . , v^.^-;^^ ^^-^ 

Dr. Harriman, of Andersontown, Ind., has been very 
successful with this plan of treating Piles ; and since I ob- 
tained the plan, now two years, i bate iiad one opportunity 
of proving its eflficiency upon a gentleman who had be^n 
laid up for days, and sometimes weeks, with the complaint ; 
by a few applications of the external remedy he has been 
enabled to keep directly along with his labor. 

2. Pnji Cesiatf — Carbonate o ^ad ^ oz. ; sulphate of morphine 
15 grs. ; Btrammonium ointment Jp^oz. ; olive oil 20 drops. Mix» 
«nd apply ti)!^ times a day, or a^ occasion and pain may require* 





This cerate has been highly oelebratea as a remedy in 
Piles. It will reKeve the pain most assuredly. Piles have 
been cured with lamp oil applied to the parts two or three 
times a day. Even tallow, or any simple ointment, is good 
for dry Piles, that is, for pain in those parts, coming on 
often in the dead of night, without apparent cause. 

3. For External Piles. — The foiiowing is very highly 
spoken of: Take oyster shells, wash and bum them, then 
finely pulverize and rub up with fresh lard ; anoint with 
this, and take internally sulphur one ounce, mixed with 
three ounces of pulverized rosin ; take night and morning 
what will lay on a five cent piece. Take every day for the 
first week, then every three or four days, until well, con- 
tinuing the ointment. 

Mrs. Morehead, of Danville, Ind., cured hersolr of 
Piles by simply sitting in a hip-bath of warm water, every 
time the pains would come on, after stools or any other 
time, remaining in the bath until the pains left her. Her 
husband cured himself by sitting in cold water, and using | 
upon ^/he parts an ointment made by stewing celendine m \ 
fr^h lard. I give these various plans, so that if one fails, i 
a remedy may certainly be found amongst the many givcD. 

0. P. Rogers, of Irontown, 0., has known cases cured 
by u»ing the following ointment: Powdered opium and 
powdered rosin, one ounce each, toaXed With one ounce of| 
tallow, and anoint ad required. 

6. Bb. D. W. Raymond, of Conneattt, 0., says : Equal I 
weights of glycerine and tanT3fn will otii^ Piles, by anoint- 
ing with it, and that very speedjly ; also cures sore at cracked! 
nipples in twenty-four hour^ and is remarkably ^ood foil 
any excoriation, or sore, of the eOdn. I know that sample 
tallow introduced into the rectum is exceedingly beneficialj 
in Plies, which satisfies me that any preparation containiDgl 
oil or any kind of grease, is good. 

7, I have found in the scrap of an old newspaper, the] 
following, and it is so ea^ly tried, and speaks with so muc 
certainty, and is so simple, that I give it an insertion. 

<' Simple Gubx fob Plll&s.. — Miz one table-spoon of i 
phor with half a pint of milk, to be taken erety day 



ftvorabld flymptoms appeftr, and then occasionally, as the 
case may require. The above is a cheap, simple, and most 
infallible cure for that most painful and unpleasant disorder. 
It has been used with complete success in old and inveterate 
cases where individuals had spent scores of dollars in medi- 
cal advice. It is equally used as a preventive. It will in- 
jure none, and only requires a trial." . 

8. Paschal. Mason, living near this city, cured a South-' 
em ladv visiting in the neighborhood, who was confined to 
the bed with them, by making a strong tea of the wild 
swamp-currant root, drinking occasionally for a few days 

9. JmPSON Leaves and parsely, a handful of each, 
stewed in lard, one pound, and used as an ointment, has 
cured many cases. 

ANODYNES— Hofbman's Anodyne, ob Golden Tinotdbb.— 
Sulpburio ether 2 ozS, ; alcohol 4 ozs. ; and etherial oil | dr. ; mix. 
Dose— From half to two teaspoons ; (^ dr. to 2 drs.) accordmg to 
the urgency or pain for which it is given. 

It is given in a little sweetened water, and much pre- 
ferred by the Germans to laudanum, especially where lauda- 
num causes sickness of the stomach. It makes an excellent 
local application in neuralgia and other painful affections, 
being second cousin to the Magnetic To^'th Cordial and 
Paralytic Liniment. 

2. Laudanitm.— Best Turkey opium 1 oz. ; slice uid pour upon it 
boiling water 1 gill, and work it in a bowl or mortar until it is 
dissolved ; then pour it into the bottle, and with alcohol of 76 per 
ceat. proof ^ pt., rinse the dish, adding the alcohol to the prep«r 
ration, shakmg well, and in 24 hours it will be ready for use 
Dose— From 10 to 30 drops for adults, according to the strength 
of the patient, or severity of the pain. 

Thirty drops of this laudanum will be equal to one grain 
of opium, and this is a much better way to prepare it than 
putting the opium into alcohol, or any other spirits alone, 
for in that case much of the opium does not dissolve. See 
the remarks occuring after Godfrey's Cordial. 

3. PAREQonio.— Best opium | dr., dissolve it in about 2 table- 
spoons of hoiling water ; then add benzoic acid ^ dr. ; oil of anise 
' a fluid dr. ; clarified honey 1 oz. ; camphor gum 1 scruple ; alco- 

ol, 76 per cent., 11 fluid ozs. ; distilled water 4 J fluid ozs. ; 
macerate, (keep wann,) for 2 weeks. Doss— For children, 5 to 20 
" ips ; adults, 1 to 2 teaspoons. 





SWS' . 

TB, chase's recipes. 

.. f Used as an anodyne and antispasmodio, aJIays cough, re- 
lieves nausea, and slight pain in the stomach and bowels, 
checks diarrhea and procures sleep. Used principally for 
children. See the remarks after No. 5, below. 

4. Batebian's Pi "DEAL Drops. — Opium in powder, catechu in 
powder, camphor gum, red saunders, rasped, of each A oz. ; oil 
of anise 1 dr. ; dilute alcohol [alcohol of 76 per cent., aud waterm 
equal proportions,] 1 gal. Keep warm for 2 weeks. '1^ 

Thp opium st length of this is about equal to paiejgorio, 
and it is used for similar purposes, and doses. See the re- 
marks below. '":,,|:' ''-^ J ■,■::*, :*iy'^-'^:-^^'''-r..:^^ 

6. (jtodfrey's Cordial. — Dissolve pure carbonate of potassa 1 oz.; 
in water 6 qts., and add nice golder <3yrup or oest molasses 3 qta., 
and heat until they begin to simmer ; take oflP the scum, and add 
laudanum 9 ozs., and oil of sassatras 1 dr. Mix well. Use similar 
to the two last. i 

Kemarks. — It is a well known fact that much injury ia 
done to children by the use of anodynes, such as the above, 
and " Mrs. Winslow's soothing syrup," which is now taking 
the place, to a great extent, in towns, of the foregoing, for I 
noticed a short time ago eighty seven empty bottles with 
Mrs. Winslow's Jabel upon them, sitting on a counter of one 
of our drug stores, which led me to ask if they put up her 
syrup. The answer was no, a lad^ in this city has fed that 
much to one child within the past eighteen months. 

The question might be asked, why do we tell people how 
to make any of these anodynes ? Because they are good in 
proper cases, when properly used, and to give a place for 
these remarks ; for those who are evil disposed will find a 
way to accomplish their designs, whilst the "weil di£ posed 
Tvill, or caa, act only from knowledge, and if they do noil 
know the evils arising from the constant use of anodynes ouj 
children, are as liable to do evil as the evU disposed. 

Then let it be remembered that the constant use of opium I 
in any of its preparations on children, or adults, disturbs the 
nervous system, and establishes a nervous necessity for its 
continuation. Then use them only in severe pain, or extrem" 
nervousness, laying them by again as soon as possible under 
the circumstances of th^d case. Of course we do not give a| 
recipe ibr the Soothing Syrup spoken of, as its e^a't com- 
position has not yet come out to the publ^o ; lut that ital 






)ta8sa 1 oz.; 
asses 3 qts., 
m, and add 
Use similar 

1 injury 18 
the above, 
aoT7 takir^ 
roing, for I 
ottles with 
nter of one 
put up her 
las fed that 

ittt tkat ita 

soothing properties are owing to opium, there is not tho 
least doubt. See " Carminatives," which are preferable to 
opiates, especially for children. 

RHEUMATISMS.— lNPLAMMATo?.r Rheumatism— Bill Wbiqht's 
AND OTHER CuRES.— SulphuT and Saltpetre, of each 1 oz. ; gum :■: 
guaiac 1-2 oz. ; colchicum root, or seed, and nutmegs, of each -^ 
\ oz. ; all to be pulverized and mixed with simple syrup of molas- 
ses 2 ozs. Dose. — One teaspoon every 2 hours until it moves the 
bowels rather freely j then three or four times daily until cured, j 

Mr. Wright, of the Niagara Ht al, Toledo, 0., has several 
time^ proved this to be an excellent medicine, and since I 
obtained it I found a man at MarshaU, Mich., one Saturday 
evening, with his feet and legs so swollen with this disease 
that he could but just crawl with two crutches. I filled this 
prescription and gave him a teaspoon of it every two hours 
until it moved his bowels, then every fo^ir hours, and on 
Monday noon he could walk quite comfortably without cane 
or crutch, the medicine costing only twenty cents. 

2. Rheumatic Alterative. — In Rheumatism of long 
standing the following preparation has often proved very 

Colchicum seed, and black cohosh root, of each 1-2 oz., the root 
1j be bruised ; best rye whisky 1 pt. ; put . )gether and let stand 
3 or 4 days. Dose — From one teaspoon to a table-spoon 3 limea 
daily, before meals. 

The action will be to loosen the bowe^':/, or cause a little 
sickness at the stomach ; and the dose may be modifi<^ not 
I to cause too great an effect upon the patient either wqy, but 
inr^reasing the dose if necessary untU one of these specific 
lactionb is felt, and lessening it if the action is too great in 
[any case. 

3. Rheukatio LiNiMSNT.-— Olive oil, spirits of camphor, and 
Ichloroform, of each 2 ozs. ; sassafras oil 1 teaspoon. First add the 
|oil of sassafras to the olive oil, then the spirits of camphor, and 
shake well before putting in the chloroform, shaking when used, 
Tieepmg it corked, as the chloroform evaporates very fast if lefb 
Dpen. Apply 3 or 4 tunes daily, rubbing it well, and alwajrs to- 
wards the body. 

I had a brother-in-law cured of a very bad case of inflam ♦ 
iatcry, or sweUing rheumatism, by the' use of this liniment . 
-ftccomplished in aboutfour uays, without other troatment.j 





m cfi^'s ^^j^. 

He paid five dollaw for the reqipe after the * cure. But 1 
would recommend tbe use of this in connection with "Bill 
Wright's Cure/' above, feeling perfectly assured that no 
attack will stand before the internal and external combina- 

4. J. B. HrKn^coGX, Ypsilanti, Mich., uses spirits of turpentine 
1 pt. ; tar 2 teaspoons ; oil of vitriol 1 teaspoon, mixing in a i 
mag ; th^n sets theiji on fire, letting it burn 15 minutes, aud { 
bottle for use. 

He bathes the parts freely twice daily with this prepara-l 
lion, then bind3 on the mashed tory weed, as mentioned 
under the head of " Reducing Swellings/' and gives a Httlej 
spirits of turpentiue internally. 

5. ALViiH Raymond— Takes rum 1 pt. ; neats-foot oil ^ pt., prill 
the joint is stiff, skunk's oil instead of the other ; spirits of tuipeii>| 
tine 1 gill, and simmers them together, and bottle for use, r^bliitfl 
it in thoroughly 3 times times daily. 

He also directs to soak the feet in hot water, fecrapiUj^ m 
bottoms of the feet with an old knife ; then he has pobl 
root roasted and madhed, mixing with it tar and sulphur ttl 
form drafts for the feet. With this method of treatmeDll 
he assures me he h^ been successful for 30 years. Andilj 
bears so F<)rong a resemblance to Dr. Kittredge's preparatid 
ne7.t following, for stiffened joints in rheumatism, that ij 
gives me double confidence in them both. 

6. Dr. Kfttredob^'s Remedy for Rheumatism and Stiff Jop':J 
-^Strong camphor spirits 1 pt. ; neats-foot, coon, bear, or skunk' 
oil 1 pt. : spirits of turpentine | ^t. Shake the bottle when mi 
and apply 3 times daily, by pouring on a little at a time and rulj 
bing in all you can for 20 to 30 minutes. 

The old doctor recommends this as a sure cure for chronil 
' • rheumatisms, sprains, stiff joints where they have not formef 
an anchylosis, that is, if the bones have not actually gro>| 
together ; and as remarked in oonneotion with his obitmeii 
No. 6, he has been a very celebrated physician for mad 
years ; but like many other men With superior minds, ol| 
how fallen. Bum, apd its acly9C^|^s,Ji|%ye got a most fsi 
'„ fu\ account to balance. . ; . i i 

7. Feinoh and other Bemedies for Gsbonio Ki 
MAXXf^T^pf. Bonnet, of Graulbet, Fraiio^, states in I 
letter tc^i^o AbelUd ^ledioak, tliat , he '^^ has bpealoogj 










uEDioii, DSPABnmnf 



«fhe essential oU of turpentine for frictions against rlieuinatism. 
And that he has used it himself with jperfect success, having almost 
iDstantaneous!y got rid of rheumaiiu pains in botii knees and in 
the left shoulder." 

He was led to make the prescription fVom having nsed 
the oil of turpentine to wash coal-tar and other sticking 
mixture from his hands. After having washed his hands in 
Boap and water, and drying them, a pricking sensation like 
an electric spark upon the knuckles from a machine, lasting 
about two hours, was always experienced, and it is to this 
exciting action that- he attributes its efficacy. It may be 
used twice or thrice daily. 

8. Chronic rheumatism' Ifli been cured in twenty-four 

[ hours, after two years' sufibring, by using alcohol, spirits of 
turpenti?e^ sweet spirits of nitre, and oil of juniper, equal 
I parts of each, mix ; rub well into the parts, and take, ten 
{drops at bed time in water. 

9. Bmsns for Cmiomo RHi!i7MATiSM.->Prickly-ash benies, 
[spikenard root, yellow poplar and dog- wood barks, of each ^ lb. ; 

all pulverized and put into a gallon jug, and fill it up with brandy. 
I Dose— A Wine-glass of it is to be taken 3 times daily before meals. 

A baker of Laf&yet'te, Ind., was cured by the use of this 
{amount, of a very bad case cf this disease of long standing. 

10. DAvm MowRT, of GrenvlUe, Ohio, says :— yellow poplar, 
I dog-wood, prickl]r-ash, wild cherry and white-ash barks of the 
trees, equal quantities of each, a good large handful, uoiled in 2 
gal$. of Wate^, to 1; and add 1 gal. of good old rye, will, if taken 
freely ? ^lineii daily, cnve l^e worst ^flammatory rheur^AtiBm in 

'^ >'''^ ts no question but what both of these preperiations, 
{ai6 irxt also, are good, if made sufficiently strong with 
I the h&ii . But I should consider them much more appli« 
cable in chronic cases, or rheumatism of long standing ; and 
in these cases very applicable indeed, and I am well satis- 
[tied that no one will take tiiem for the spirits. 

11. Ohbonio Bheumatism, has been cured by taking 
[the bark of a bearing crab-apple tree, and putting a suffi- 
li^hui amount of it into whisky to make it very strong, then 

.ing a wine-glaeit) three times daily, until a gallon was 


12. QmOaf Bay Indiak's Rbmbdt for Rheumatisii.— Wahoo, 
|l>&rk of the root, 1 oZ. i blood root I Qz, ; black cohosh root 2 oj», | 

( ■■■! . 





twamp hellebo)*c $ oz. ; pncklj-aah, bark or berries, 1 oz. ; poke 
root, cut fine, 1 oz. ; rye whiskey 1 qt. ; let stand a few days before 
usinfif. Dose — One teaspoon every 3 or 4 hours, increasing the 
dose to 2 or 3 teaspoons, as the stomach will bear. 

Soak the feet well ai^d go to bed, covering up warm, and 
taking the " Sweating Drops" between each dose, as there 
directed, for three or four hours, and repeat the sweating 
every day until the disease surrenders to the treatmeht. If 
at any time the head feels too full, or the stomach sickens 
too much, drop down to the first dose of a teaspoon, or even 
less, if necessary. 

This prescription is from Jacob S. Cornelius, an Indian 
of Green Bay, who was very successful in Illinois, with it, 
in this disease. 

13. I know an old physician who assures me that he has 
cured cases wht ^ nil other remedies failed, with saltpetre, 
beginning with \>j ' grains, and doubling the dose eve^-y 
three or four hours, atil it Reached half an ounce, in a ve^y 
robu^ and plethoric patient; but this dose would be too 
large to venture upon by persons not of a plethoric habit. 
But as it is mostly prescribed, by putting a table-spoon to a 
pint of whiskey, then a teaspoon for a dose ; . you might as 
well expect to dip the Atlantic into the Pacific with a tea- 
spoon, as to cure rheumatism in that slow way. It may be 
taken in quantities from half an ounce to an ounce and 
a half in the twenty-four hours, being largely diluted with 
water. If pain should come on in the stomach, under its 
use, stop it at once, and give large quantities of mucilagi- 
nous drinks, such as slippery-elm water, gum-arabio water, 
flax-seed tea, &o. 

14. Nbw Remedy.— Kerosene oil 3 ozs. ; skunk's oil 1 oz. ; mix 
and shake when applied. Put it on quite freely, and'heat it in by 
the stove, or by means of a hot shovel. 

A firm of grocers, Slawson & Qeer, of this city, have been 
using this mixture during the past winter upon their own 
persons, and have recommended to many others amongst 
them, one of the Clergymen, and also the President of the 
University, and so far as they know, it has proved very suo- 
eessfui, relieving the pain directly. 

15. One of our physicians in the city has used a prepara^ 
tjion yer^ nearly resemHing the above,but varying aufficieot tp 





satisfy myself that any other animal oil will do as well as 
that from the highly flavored one, above mentioned. 

He used kerosene oil 2 ozs. ; neats-foot oil 1 oz. ; oil of ongannm 

1 oz. : mixed and shaken as used. 

The smell of the kerosene is not very pleasant, but if a 
pair of ankles and feet, badly swollen, so much so that you 
could not walk on them for months, could be. cured in two 
or three weeks, as it was in this case, it might be well to 
put up with its disagreeable smell. !]Elub and heat it in 
thoroughly twice daily. 

ASTHMA.— REMEDPiis. — Elecampane, angelica, comfrey, and 
spikenard roots, with hnarhound tops, of each 1 oz. ; bruise and 
Bteep in honey 1 pt.. Dose — ^A table-spoon taken hot every few 
minutes, until relief is obtamed, then several times daily until a 
care is effected. 

It cured a young lady near the " Falls o^ the Ohio," 
whom the doctors said it was wicked to disturb ; " let her 
die in peace," was their advice*to the parents. An old lady, 
instead, let her live in peace. It wfU be found very oxeel- 
lent in any cough, even low consumptives will find great 
relief from its use. 

2. Dr. J. K. Finley, of Pittsburgh, cured a lady with 
whom I afterwards became acquainted, and from the com- 
pleteness of the cure I was induced to write to the doctor 
and obtain the prescription. It is as follows : 

Oil of taii 1 dr. ; tiuctare of veratriun viride 2 drs. ; simple syrup 

2 drs. ; mix. DosE->-For adults 15 drops three or four times diuly. 

I have very great confidence in this prescription. 

3. A lady at Yellow Springs, O., tells me that she cured hersel' 
of Asthma by using for her common drink a tea made of the 
leaves of common chestnut, which had fallen from the tree in 
autumn ; sweeten well, and continue its use for 2 or 3 months. 

She used it for a month at first, and it returned, when 
she continued its use for two months ; and ten years have 
elapsed without its return. It is certainly safe as well aa 
wmple, and of easy trial. 

Lobelia is considered by some a specific in asthma, but 
the prejudice against it is so great I forbear speaking fur- 
ther of it, but : ' 

4. Iodide of potassium has cured a bad case of asthma bf* 


DB. OfliSE'S BE0IFE6. 


taking 6 gr. doses, 3 times daily. Take i oz. and pnt it into a 
vial, and add 32 teaspoons of water ; then 1 teaspoon of it will 
contain the 5 grs., which, put into i gill more of water, and drink 
before meals. 

COMPOSITION POWDER.— Thompson's.—" Bayberry bark 2 
lbs. ; hemlock bark 1 lb. ; ginger root 1 lb. ; cayenne pepper 2 
ozs. ; cloves 2 ozs. ; all finely pulverized and well mixed. Dose— 
One-half of a teaspoon of it, and a spoon of sugar ; put them into 
a teacup, and pour it half full of boiling water ; l^t it stand a few 
minutes and fill the cup with milk, and drink freely. If 4M> milk is 
to be obtained, fill up the cup with hot water. -^ >■--'■ 

*^ This, in the first stages and less violent attacks of dis- 
ease, is a valuable medicine, and may be safely employed in 
all cases. It is good id rela^t, pain in the stomach imd 
bowels, and to remove all obstructions caused by cold. A 
few doses the patient being in bed with a steaming stone at 
the feet, or having soaked the feet fifteen or twenty minutes 
in hot water, drinking freely of the tea at the same titne, 
will eure a bad cold, and oftan throw ofif disease in its iirst 
stages." I use it, taking, or giving lobelia emetics, as men- 
tioned under the head of '^ Eclectic Emetics." I use jit 
idso, as a : 

2. Dyspeptic Tba. — Where an attack has been brought 
on by over-indulgence at an extra rich meal, you will find 
immediate and generally perfect relief by having a cup of 
this tea made, and drinking about one-half of it fifteen min- 
utes before meals, and the balance just as you sit down to 
the meal, not takir^ any other fluid at all until after diges- 
tion is over^ following up the same plan for a few days or 
weeks, as may be necessary. It stimulates the stomach to 
.action, causing digestion and absorption, preventing also the 
accumulation of gas, which is the cause of eructations of 
wind from the stomach, commonly called belching, and gives 
tone to the whole system. 

A cup of this tea taken when going out into extreme oold, 
will be found a better warmer than the whiskey or any other 
ardent spirit, which so many resort to upon such occasions ; 
and, what is best of all, it will be found : 

,3* A PfiRVEOT Cure for DauNKBNNis8.^--Let those 
.who are accustomed to the excessive use of ardent spirits, 
and who wish to stop the practice, I say, let such have a 
pup of this tea made, as above directed, and drink a part of 



it immediately on rising in the morning, and the balance 
just before meal time, keeping entirely away from the 
places of temptation, they will find a warm, healthy glow '•'' 
spreading from the stomach over the whole system, with a 
desire for food, instead of " rot gut." Follow this up faith- 
fully two or three times daily, or whenever the craving begins 
for the accustomed stimulus, for a few days or weeksy if 
necessary, and it will be found that the cayenne, which is 
the purest stimulant in the whole Materia Medica, with its 
assistant, the bayberry, which stimulate without an after 
prostration f have gradually supplied and satisfied the previ- 
ous false appetite or cravings of the stomach; whilst the 
combination has toned up the stomach together with the / 
whole system, and again you find yourself a man. 
But remember, oh, remember ! your only safety is in keep- 
ing entirely away from places where intoxicating spirits 
are kept or sold ! 

A humed child will not play with fire. I would to God 
that a burned man was equally wise. For not one in a thoU' 
sane2 can resist the solicitation of enemies (called friends), 
to take a glass, just one, and that one glass acts like fresh 
coals upon extinguished brands, and the fire goes ahead 
again with a hundred fold more energy than if thrown upon 
wood which had never been charred ; hence the propriety of 
the sentence '^ plucked as a brand from the everlasting burn- 
ings " — for ifre-kindUd^QXQ is but little prospect of another 
extinguishment of the raging fire. Dr. Thompson, notwith- ' 
standing all that has been said against him, has done more 
good than any other medical man that ever lived; for he set 
the people to studying for themselves. ' 4 

STIMULANT— In Low Fevers, and after Uterine Hemorr- 
hages. — MiSTURA Spiritus vini Gallici. — ^Best hrandy, and cin- 
namon water, of each 4 fluid ozs. ; the yolks of 2 eggs, well 
beaten ; loat;8ugar J^ oz. ; oil of cinnamon 2 drops : mix. Dose — 
From A to 1 (fluid) oz. ; as oflien as required. This makes both 
eat and drink. Of course, any other flavoring oils can be used, if 
preferred, in place, of the cinnamon. 

The mixture is an imitation of the well-known compound 
termed *' egg.flip." It is an exceedingly valuable stimulant 
and restorative, and is employed in the latter stages of low 
fevers, and in extreme exhaustion from uterine hemorrhages. 





It may be used in place of the " egg-nog " spoken of in the 
treatment of consumption, No. 6. 

ALTERATIVES— Syrup or Blood Purifier.— Honduras sarsapa- 
rilla 12 ozs. ; guaiacum shavings 6 ozs. ; wintergreen leaf 4 ozs. ; 
sassafras root bark 4 ozs. ; elder flowers 4 ozs. ; yellow dock 3 ozs. ; 
Ijurdock root 4 ozs. ; dandelion root 6 ozs. ; bittersweet root 2 ozs. ; 
all bruised. Place these ingredients in a suitable vessel and add 
alcohol 1 pt., with water sufficient to cover handsomely, set them 
in a moderately warm place for 3 or 4 days, pour off 1 pt. ol the 
tincture and set it aside until you add water to the ingredients 
and boil till you obtain the strength, pour off and add more water 
and boil again, then boil the two waters down to 1 qt. ; strain, 
and add the liquor first poured off, and add 2 1-2 lbs. crushed or 
coffee sugar, and simmer to form a syrup ; when cool, bottle and 
seal up for use. Dose — One to 2 table-spoons, according to the 
age and strength of the patient, half an hour before meals and at 

This, or any other alterative, when given, should be fol- 
lowed up for weeks or months, according to the disease for 
which it is prescribed, as scrofula, and for every disease de- 
pending upon an impure condition of the blood. It ought 
to be used in sore eyes of long standing, old ulcers, salt- 
rheum, &c. I would not give this for Jayne's Alterative, 
nor Swain's, Townsend's or Ayre's Sarsaparillas, because I 
know it is good, and we also know what it is made of. 

2. Alterative, Vert Strong. — Poke, mandrake, yellow dock, 
sassafras, blue flag, roots, and bark of the roots, guaiac wood 
raspings, and sweet elder flowers, of each 4 ozs. ; caraway seed 
3 ozs. ; bruise the roots, and put to the whole, alcohol 1 qt., and 
water to cover all handsomely ; let.stand 3 or 4 days in a warm 
place as the last recipe above, making every way the same, except 
to pour off 1 qt. instead of 1 pt., as in the first, of spirit; then 
boil the waters to 1 qt., adding 4 lbs. of sugar with the quart of 
spirit tincture. The dose being only 1 table-spoon 4 times daily 
as above. 

But if that anxount should make the bowels too loose, re- 
duce the quantity ; and if that amount does not act upon 
the bowels at all, increase the dose to keep the bowels solv- 
ent. This may be used in the most inveterate diseases of 
long standing, syphilis not excepted. v 

3. ALTBRA.nvE Cathartic — Powder. — Rochelle salts, 6 ozs. } 
cream of tartar 2 ozs. ; sulphur 1 oz. ; [epsom salts may be usedj 
but are not quite as good,] place the salts in a dripping-pan and 
Bet in the stove oven until all the water of crystalization is dried 
(^ttt I then place all in a mortar and rub finely and t]ioroughl;| 



togdfher. Dose— Mix up a few spoons of the powder with mo- 
lossea ; then take a teaspoon every three or four hours until a 
cathartic action is kept up for 24 to 36 hours ; then take once or twice 
daily only, to act on the blood, increasing once in ten days to get 
up the cathartic action, as at first. ,- 

This alterative is especially valuable in any disease of 
the skin, as itch, pimples, salt-rheum, and any other erup- 
tions where an outward application is being made, or is 
about to be made, also valuable in sore eyes. 

4. Alterative, Tonic, and Cathartic Bitters.— Best rye 
whisky, and water, of each 1 qt. ; best unground Peruvian bark, 
Colombo root, and prickly-ash berries, of each 2 ozs. ; prickly- 
ash, black cherry, and poplar barks, of each 1 oz. ; all to be the 
dry articles, and all to be pulverized before putting into the spirits ; 
shake every day for a week, by which time it will be ready for 
use. Dose — One or two table-spoons at morning and evening 

Although tliis alterative is mentioned last in the list, yet 
it is not least in value. I first made this prescription for 
my own use, feeling that I needed something of just such a 
nature, and it worked so admirably that I gave it to others. 
It has given such entire satisfaction that I am now at the 
tenth edition giving it a place to do a greater good than if 
kept from the world. 

If, in any case, it causes <iny griping sensations, or too 
great action upon the bowels, lessen the dose, and if neither 
of these actions are felt, increase the dose, or take it three 
times daily. I think any of the fruit wines will do in 
place of the spirits and water, by adding alcohol one-half 

It will be found very valuable in all cases of weakness 
. from general debility, and especially so when the liver is 
inactive, known by constant costiveness. 

After using out the spirits, it may be filled again in the 
same way. It will be found very valuable in ague, and 
after all fevers, preventing relapse, and strengthening up the 
general system. 

DIURETICS.— Pill, Drops, Decoction, &c.— Solidified co- 
paiba 2 parts ; alcoholic extract of cupebs 1 part ; formed into 
pills with a little oil of juniper. Dose — 1 or 2 pills three or four 
times daily. Druggists can obtain them of Tilden & Co., New 




* ■ 





DB. chase's REOIPES. 



The pill liaB been found very valuable in a£Rj<Jtront of the 
kidneys, bladder, and urethra, as inflammation from gravel, 
gonorrhea, gleet, whites, lucorrhea, common inflammations, 
&c. For giving them a sugar coat, see that heading, if 

2. Diuretic Drops.— Oil of cubebs ^ oz. ; sweet spirits of nitre ^ 
oz. : balsam of copaiba 1 oz. j Harlem Oil 1 bottle ; oil of lavender 
20 drops ; spirits of turpentme 20 drops ; mix. DosE—Ten to 25 
drops, as the stomach will bear, 3 times daily. .. 

It may be used in any of the above diseftS^ tlriltlfi giykt 

3. DiDRBTic Decoction.— Queen of the meadow, dwiarf elder, 
yellow dock and poke-roots, of each 1 oz. ; dandelion, burdock, 
American Sarsaparilla, and blue-flag roots, of each ^ oz. ; grind or 
pound all up, and thoroughly mix. Dose — Take up a pinch with 
the ends of the fingers and thumb of one hand, say ^ to ^ oz., and 
pour upon it 1 pt. of boiling water, steeping a while ; wnen cool, 
take a swallow or two sufficiently often to use up the pt in the 
course of the day. 

Follow this plan two or three days,or as may be necessary, 
resuming the course once in ten or twelve days. It may be 
used in all obstructions of the kidneys, where the urine is 
high colored or scanty. 

4. Diuretic TiNCTURE.—Green or growing spearmint mtui'heii', 
put into a bottle and covered with gin, is an excellent diuretic. 

6. Diuretic for Children. — Spirits of nitre ; a few drops in a 
little spearmint tea, is all sufficient. Fo^ very young diildren 
pumpkm seed or watermelon seed tea is perhaps the best 

DROPSY — Syrup and Pills.— Queen of the meadow root, dwarf 
elder flowers, berries, or inner bark, juniper berries, horse-radish 
focf-, pod milkweed or silk weed, often called, root of eabh 4 ozs. ; 
prickly-ash bark or berries, mandrake-root, bittersweet bark, of 
the root, of each 2 ozs. ; white mustard seed 1 oz. ; Holland gin 

Pour boiling water upon all, except the gin, and keep hot 
for twelve hours j then boil and pour off twice, and boil 
down to three quarts and strain, adding three pounds of 
sugar, and lastly the gin. Dose — Take all the stomach 
will bear, four tiL js daily, say a wine-glass or more. This 
will be used in connection with the following : 

2. Drofst Pills.— Jalap 50 grs. : gamboge 30 ^rs. ; podo- 
physliin 20 grs. ; elaterium 12 grs. ; aloes 30 grs. ; cayenne 35 grs. ; 
castUe soap shaved, dried and pulverized, 20 grs. ; croton oU 90 





droi»0 ; p6#aer an flnely, and mix thorongniy ; then fomi into £j| 
pill mass by using a thick mucilage made of equal parts of guni 
arabio aud tragacanth, and divide into 3 gr. pills. Dose — One pilt*"^ 
every 2 days for the first week, then every 3 or 4 days until the 
water is evacuated by the combined aid of the pill with the above 

in this disease the work must be very thorough, and I 
am inclined to think that if our directions are followed, that^^i^^'^ 
whoever find themselves under the operations of the medi**^ 
cine will consider the work to be about as thorough as wtf*^^ 
expect; Some sickness of the stomach may be expected^ 
under the operation of the pill, but never Mind it, go ahead/ 
and four or five days will satisfy most persons of the value 
of the treatment; for you may expect to sne the greatiBst- 
evacuation, front and rear, that you ever have witnessedi 
If the patient should become weak and exhausted under the 
continued treatment, slack una little and throw in beef tea, ^ 
wine, &c., with rich, nourishing diet, and no danger need.*^^ 
be apprehended. The above pill will be found very valu- 
able in bilious colic, and other cases hard to operate upon. 
They have operated in fifteen minutes, but not usually so 
quick, of course ; but it will generally be found best not to 
venture over one pill at a dose ; two have been taken, how- 
ever ; but they made a scattering among the woate p&peij . 
causing fourteen evacuations, having to call for the se^onqi^^ ' 
*' chamber " the first fire. Som6 have called them the " Irisbf ^^ ' 
Pill," from their resemblance to the Irish girl with her brush 
and scrub broom; They make clean work. 

IRRITATING PLASTER— BxtensiveltUsed by Eclectics— Tar 
1 lb. ; Burgundy pitch ^ oz. ; white pine turpentine 1 oz. ; rOsin 2 ' 
ozs. Boil the tar, rosiii and gum together a short time, remove 
from the fire, and stir in finely pulverized mandrake root, blood , 
root, pok^ root, and Indian turnip, of each 1 oz. 

' This plaster is used extensively in all cases where counter 
irritation or revulsives pre indicated ; as in chronic affec- 
tions of the liver and lungs, or diseased joints, &c. It is 
applied by spreading it on ^loth and over the seat of pain, 
renewing it every day, wiping off any matter which may be 
on it, and also wining the sore produced by it with a dry 
cloth, until relief is obtained, or as long as the patient can 
bear it Always avoid wetting the sore, ad it will cautie vkr . 
flammation, apd you will be obliged to )iea) it up immedi- 





ately, instead of which the design is to keep a rnnning sore 
as long aa may be necessary, using at the same time consti- 
tutional remedies as the case may require. 

INFLAMMATION.— Of the Liver.— Inflammation 
of the liver, or as it is generally called, '' Liver complaint," 
is of two forms, acute and chronic. The acute form is 
known by a sense of weight and paia in the right side, un- 
der the short ribs, and often in that fhoulder, or between 
the shoulders, pale or yellow appearances, often great depres- 
sion of spirits, not much appetite, costiveness, high colored 
urine, &o., and often much fever, and sometimes with pain 
similar to that of pleurisy, difficult breathing, dry cough, 
and sometimes sickness, with vomiting. 

In thfe chronic, or long standing complaint, in addition to 
tha above, there is generally flatulence, with pain in the i 
stomach, foul breath and mouth, coated tongue, indigestion, ^ 
eyes yellow, stools clay colored, with great weakness and slow 
emaciation, frequently going on to ulceration, giving symp- 
toms as mentioned under the head of " Ointment of Ulcer- 
ated Liver," &c. \: : 

In the acute form you will pursue the same course as 
mentioned under the head of " Pleurisy," besides taking 
either of the Liver Pills or Liver Drops mentioned below, in 
full cathartic doses, until relieved ; but in the chronic form, 
the Pills, in connection With the " Ointment," or " Irrita- 
ting Plaster," will be found all sufficient, unless Jaundice 
has already set in ; then look to the directions under that 

2. BcLBcno Liver Pill.— Podophyllin 10 grs. ; leptandrin 20 
crs. 'y 8anguinarine<> 10 grs. ; extract of dandelion 20 grs. ; formed 
into 20 pUls, by being moistened a little with some essential bil, as 
cinnamon or pepperment, &c. Dose— In chronic diseases of the 
liver, take 1 pill at night, for several days, or two may be taken at 
first to move the bowels ; then 1 daily. 

In connection with the pill, wear the " Irritating Plaster" 
over the region of the liver, washing the whole body daily, 
by means of towels, and rubbing dry, being careful. not to 
wet the sore caused by the plaster ; as an active cathartio 

* NOTE.*-T^ese articles are kept by Ecleotlc FbysiciaQS, andare beginning to b^ 
1^ b^ Dnij^sts ^eheraU^. 



from two to three pills may be taken in all oases where cal- 
omel or blue pills are considered applicable by ** Old Scliool 
Physicians." I 

3. Liver Pill Improved— Leptandrin, 40 grs. ; podophylin and 
cayenne 30 grs. each ; sanguinarino iridin and ipecac 15 gvB. each ; 
Beo that all are pulverized and well mixed ; then form into pill- 
mass by using 1-2 dr. of the soft extract of mandrake and a few 
drops of anise oil, then roll out into three-grain pills. .4.> 

Dose — Two pills tJiken at bedtime will generally operate 
by morning ; but there are those who will require three, 
whilst one pill every night on retiring, will be found the 
best corrective of the liver of anything now in use, for com- 
mo 1 cases ; but in very bad cases where the pill does not 
arc use the liver to action, take the following : 

f:. Liver Drops for Obstinate Cases. — Tinctures of mandrake 
and blue flag roots, of each 1-2 oz. ; and of culvers, root 2 oz. 
Dose— For adults, 1 toappoon every 3 to 6 hoars, increasing tibio 
dose gradually until you reach two or three teaspoons, if the 
mouth does not become sore, and the stomach not sickened, not 
the bowels moved too freely. 

These drops are especially applicable in ''ver and spleen 
enlargements, and cases of very long standing disease of 
these organs ; and in such cases it may be well to use exter- 
nally, over the liver and spleen, especially if there is believed 
to be ulceration, the following : p 

6. Ointment for Ulcerated Liver, Agob Case, Ac— Take a 
good handful of smartweed, wormwood, a ad the bark of snirac 
root, boil all together to get the strength, then strain and boil 
down carefully to 1-2 pt., adding lard J lb., and simmering to- 
gether ] when nearly cool add a teaspoon of spirits of turpentine. 

Apply at night, by rubbing it o7er the liver or other 
organ which may have pain or disease located upon it, heat- 
ing it in well by the stove or by a heated iron, putting it on, 
rubbing, and heating it in three or four times each applioa- 

tioii:^ '^ '^ -"^"^.f: 

I obtained this prescription from the Rev. Mr. Fraser, of 
this city, whose nephew was so afflicted with ulceration of 
the liver that a council of doctors said he must die ; the 
pain was situated just under the short ribs of the right side, 
completely bowing him together, like the one of old, who 
could ^' in no wise lift up herself.'' He had Had a mt$^^ 



m* (mma 


\f^o died some y^ars before ; but at this junctuce of the case 
t^e iavali^ Q^iTQamed of lueeting her, and she gave hip; this 
prescription, which he told his mother in the morning ; and 
she ^ould not re^t iintil it was tried, and it entirely cured 
the patient. The Elder tells me he has given it to a great 
many persons, for pain& of internal organs, ague cakes, &c., 
and that it has given great satisfaction — a perfect cure. Hhe 
two first named articles I know to be good for what they are 
hstfi recommended, but they are generally used by boiling 
and hjm^ the herbs over the afi^ted parts, or by sfeami^g 
the p^rts over the herbs. I Bee no reason why spirits from 
fth9 other world shou^ not be permitted to commiyiicf^te 
mtk the spirits of friends here; but tb^t they axe $>o p!E';r- 
mitted to coniinunicate in puch a way to be li^pderstood 
by ^s frail mortals, I never did nor do I now believe, neither 
4p I believe this to be the first dream of this character 
which has proved valuable. There are many things of ^^ 
similar character in the history of a number of individuals 
in the range of my acquaintance, more singular and more un- 
accountable than the above, which would be very interesting 
to relate, biH the naturo of this work does not admit. ^If 
this shall benefit any, i shall b*? satisfied. '".■) 

PILLS— Nervous Pili^.— Alcoholic extract of the Ignatia 
Amara (St. Igna^los bean), 30 grs. ; powdered gum arak/ic lb grs. 
Make into 40 Jills. 

Dc^E — One pill to be taken an hour after breakfast, and one aa 
hour before retiring at night. Half a pill is enough for young, or 
▼enr old or very delicate persons. The pills may be easi^ put if 
jaid oii« damp cloth for a few moments. 

These pills will be Ibund applicable in \ ad Dyspepsia, 
l^ervoas b9a4ach9, sleeplessness, palpitation of the heart, oon- 
fjiision of thought, determination of blood to the head, fail-' 
ure ef )memory. and' all othe" ^-^'•ms of general nervout? de- 
liility, no matter of how long standing. Where a promjtnent 
advantage to discover in two weeks from the commence- 
ment of the medicine, one a day will suffice until all are 

The extract is made by pulverizing the seed or bean, and 
putting it into alcohol from ten to fourteen days, then evap- 
^icating to the oon^iateBoe for working into pill mass with the 




"K^tirod Phisifliiii," bwwgbt out in 1S&4, iip4 to wy li^ 
tB^^ipn, wdd that of the meSie»l oUao, hj Brqf' F^lmer^ lii 
the University of Michigan, m tho Tf inter of 'M^7. M^ iWld 
whiep tl^^ prescription ^-st came out he was priustiainj^ in 
GUcago, and many persons sent for the pills, i^^d d^ivied 
mfth berefit firom their use, at first, but soon after thegr 
seenied w lose their efficacy, and he presumed the reason to 
be tjuit the demand was so great that som/^thing else wa^ 
substituted in plape of the ei^tract. This being lihe.cfii;^ 
druggists ought to prepare the extract themselves, m as to 
furnish patients wiUi the genuine article for home uso. It 
is undoubtedly a splendid prescription, if put up withlid^tj. 

2. Pills — To Sugar Coat.— rPills to be ^miguricoatotl 
must be very dry, otherwise they will shrink awi^ from itbe 
coating, and leave it a shell;, easily cru^ed off. When the^ 
are d^, you will : 

Talte staroh, gom arable, and white sugar, equal parts, Tabbing 
tbetai very fine in a marble mortar, and if damp, they jatist Imd 
dried b^re rubbing together ; then put the powder iato a salt- 
able pan, or box, for shaking ; now put a few pills into aismalL.tilii 
box paving a cover, and pour on to them just a little Dimple syrup, 
shaking well to moisten the Huiface only, then throw into liiebcc 
of powder and keep in motion until complefeii-y eoated, idcy JUill 

If yon are not very caonful you will get too much mop 
upon the pills ; if you do, put in more and be qnitik Jt poi^ 
it to prevent moistening the pill too much, getting diem iflto 
the powder as €oon as poseible. 

3. Anoptne PujLS.— Morphine 9 grs.; eiictract of stramonium 
and hyosciamus, of each 18 grs. ; forni^ into pUl-m^SS by tt^^'si^ 
Intionof gum arable and ^tragacantli, ^tdto thick. Divlderlnto 
40 pills. DosB — In case of severe; pain or nervousness, 1 piUi tajki^ 
at bjedthne will be found to give a quiet n^ht of rest 

The advantage of this pill over those depending entbrdly 
upon opium cr morphine for their anodyne projperties, is, 
that they may be taken without fbar of constipation. 

^ROU?.— Simple, but Effectual Remei>t.— This 
disoase is attended with inflammation of the windpipe, spasms 
t>i *\e museles of the throat, occasioning a peculiar sound, 
h^U||o be described, but when onoe ]^trd..l^ « mot|i0i| 






•DB. chase's macttPEs; 

iitftver to b6 forgotten ; cough, difficult respiration, and fever. 
The phlegm or mucrus often filling, or very much obstruct- 
ing the throat, and ti;?ally forming a false membrane which 
cuts off all possibility of breathing. 

, The first thing to be done is to get hot water ready as soon as 
possible, having always on hand a bottle of emetic tincture, com- 

Sosed of equal parts of the tincture of lobelia and blood-fbot. 
•osE— According to the age of the child ; if 2 .years old, about 1 
teaspoon every 10 to 15 minutes until free vomiting takes place ; 
if 5 years old 2 teaspoons, and increasing in proportion to age 
to 1 table-spoon for a child of 10 years, decreasing for very young 
children, say of 4 to 8 months, only 8 to 12 drops. Place the feet 
as soon fts possible into hot water, and keep them there until 
vomilang. takes place, laying cloths wrung out of hot water upon 
the breast and throat, changing sufficiently often to keep them 
hot. The next morning give sufficient ot the " Vegetable Physio " 
to move the bowels rather freely. The emetic tincture should he 
{^ven in some warm tea. 

Repeat the emetic as often as the returning symptcmB 
demand it, which usually occur the following night, repeat- 
ing the cathartic every second or third day, and I will 
guarantee success if commenced in any kind of reasonable 
time ; but usually no repetition will be needed if parents 
keep the preparation in the house, so as to begin with the 
heginping of the disease. u 

2. Dutch Remedy. — Goose oil, and urine, equal quantities. Dose 
— ^From a tea to a table-spoon of the mixture, according to the 
age of the child. Repeat the doae every 15 minutes, if the first 
dose does not vomit in that time. 

This remedy will be found valuable in mild oases, and 
where the first is not at hand; and I know it to have saved 
a child when one of their best Doctors said it must die \ but 
bear in mind he had not used our first prescription ; yet an 
old Dutch woman came in at the eleventh hour, from the 
next door neighbor's waph-tub, and raised the child with 
what she called " p — 8 and goose grease." I have used it 
with success. 

3. Croup Ointment. — ^Take mutton suet and nice lard, •of 
•ach ^ lb. ; spermacettf tallow ^ oz. ; melt them together and add 
I pt. of the best vinegar, and simmer until the vinegar is nesA-ly 
evaporated, skimming well, and constantly stirring, until it be- 
ghis to graduate : then add oils of amber and spruce, and pul- 
verized sugar of lead, of each^ oz. ; now remove from the fire 
and 8th: it until cool PosiB-^^r a child of two yean old, give 




» soon as 

from I to 1 tdftspoon every ^ hour, until relief is obtained, or until 
vomiting «Akes place ; at the same time rubbing it tipon the chest, 
and over the throat aad lungs, freely. 

Dr. , of Finley, 0., says, from m» dxperienoe, he 

knows it will cure as often as quinine will break up the 

vent, AND Cfre.— A. Hubbard, of Boone Co., Dl., in a 
letter to the St. Louis Republican, says : " Eighteen years 
ago my brother and myself were bitten by a mad-dog. A 
gheep was also bitten at the same time. Among the many 
cures offered. for the little boys, (we were then ten or twelve 
years old,) a friend suggested the following, which he said 
would cure the bite of a rattlesnake : 

'' Take the root of the common upland ash, commonly called 
black ash, peel ofif the bark, boil it to a strong decqction, and of 
this, drink freely. Whilst my father was preparing the above, 
the sheep spoken of, began to be aflflicted with hydrophQbia, 
When it had become so fatigued from its distracted state as to 
be no longer able to stand, my father dreuched it with a pint of 
the ash root ooze, hoping to ascertain whether he could depend 
upon it as a cure for his sons. Four hours after the drench had 
been given, to the astonishment of all, the animal got up and 
went quietly with the flock to graze! My brother and mpelf 
continued to take the medicine for 8 or 10 days. 1 gill 3 times 
daily. No eflfects of the dread poison were ever discovered on 
either of us. It has been used very successfullv in snake bites, to 
my knowledge." 

There is no doubt in the author's mind but what this 
gentleman has made a mistake in the kind of a^h iucant, as 
the upland ash is white-ash, from which flooring is made, 
having a thick, rough outside bark, whilst the black has a 
smooth bark, and grows in low, wet land, and is the same 
from which the flour barrel hoop is extensively manufacturer' 
It is the upland, white-ash that is to be used ; it is known, 
as he says, to cure rattlesnake bites, and a gentleman of this 
place has tried with success in rheumatism, boiled very 
strong, and taken in half gill doses. Msiy vomit and purge 
if taken too freely. Yet a moderate action, either up or 
down, will not be amiss. I have cured a case of rheumatism, 
in a boy twelve or fourteen years of age, with tho abov©^ 
miOQ it came to m^ knowledge. 



z>t. chase's beoifes. 




% Saxon Bbisedt. — Gastell, a Saxon ibrester, nxm of 
th*e venerable age of eighty-two, unwilling to take to the 
graye with him a secret of so muoh importance, has made 
public in the Leipsic Journal the means which ho has used 
fifty ydars, and whenwith he affirms he has rescued many 
human beings and cattle from the fearful death of Hydro- 

take iiiimedlfttely after the bite, warm vinegar or te|)!d w&ter, 
vrMk the wound dean therewith, and dry it, then pour upon the 
woimd a few drops of hydrochloric add, because mineral acids 
destroy the poison of the saliva. 

^. G&B014M Bem£0t.— Eat the green shodtsc^ asparagus raw , 
sleep and piersniration will be induced, and the disease can be thus 
cui-ed in any ^ge of canine madness. 

A writer in the Providence Journal says, a man in Ath- 
fmh; 0reOoe, WM cured of hydrophobia by this reniedj , even 
after the paroxysms had commenced. 

4t QETAKSft Remedy— Fifty Years StJCOEgSFmi.— i 
JaJtob*E!y, a good old honest Quaker merchant, of Lloyds- 
viHe) 0., gave me the following plan which his father had 
us6d nnoe 1806 T^ith success, to hiF> knowledge, both on 
petBdbfi and dbmesfic animals ; and the New York Tribune 
has recently published something of the same character. 

The dried root of elecampane ; pulverize it and measure out 9 
besting table-ml>oons, and mix it with 2 or 3 teaspoons of pulver- 
ized gum arable ; then divide into 9 equal portions. When a per- 
son is bitten by a rabid animal take one of these portions and 
stefep it in 1 pt. of new milk, until nearly half the' quantity of 
mitk is evaporated; theii strain'^ and drmk it in the morning, 
fiftstteg for 4 or & hours' aflier. Thie same dose is to be repeated 
3 mornings in snccession, then skip 3, and so on until the 9 doses 
are taken. 

i The patient must avoid get ing wet, or the heat of the 
Bun^ and abstain from high seasoned diet or hard exercise, 
and, if costive, take a dose of salts. The above quantity is 
for an adult — children will take less according to age. The 
Tribum's publication is as follows : 

5i TamitNB's Cure FOR Hydrophobia. — The follow- 
ing/ wa« sent to the N. Yc !Fribune, by J. W Woolston, of 

" Recife.— First dose, 1 oz. of etecftmpane rot v. boiled in 1 pi 
of mUk until reduced to } pt. $econ4 dose, do be takea two 





'' daya after the first) l^ ozs. of elecampane root, boiled in 1 pi of 
milk, eame as the first. Third dose, same as the secqnd, (to be 
' taken two days after) — in all, three doses. 

If there is any virtue in the elecampane, at all, the pref- 
erence, of course, is to be given to the Quaker's ^aU) which 
gives nine instead of three doses. But it substantiates Mr. 
Ely's plan, as it comes from the place of his father's former 
residence. Consequently it would seem to strengthen con- 
^ fidence in the first. 

^ 6. Snake Bftes. — In case of being bitten by any of the jpoiaon- 
ous snakes, the best plan is to wash off the place immediately, 
then if the position of the wound is such that you can get the 
mouth to the spot, suck out all the poison in that way^ oir if any 
other person is present, whose mouth is not sore, no danger need 
be apprehended. ,, ; 

For all the poison may be upon the outside, and washed 

t off, yet most likely penetrates more or less into the wound, 

/'if a snake bite, as the arrangement of their teeth is such 

that the poison comes out near the point, and when in the 

woundj thus you see the propriety of suoking it Oiatr, Or : 

7. Spirits of ammonia, a small vial of it can be carried in the 
pocket, and if bitten, sharpen a little piece of wood to a small 
point, dipping this stick into the ammonia, and then penetrating 
the wound with it. A piece of lunar caustic can be carried in 
the pocket, and sharpened, if needed, and used the same as the 
stick and ammonia — and one of the celebrated English fimrier«i 
' has reported that this caustic, used freely on the bite of tJie mad 
4og, destroys the poison ; but to insure even a reasonable l|ope 
of success, it must be used immediately. This holds goofi in any 
of the sucking or caustic applications. 

All persons working on or near marshes, or wherever the 
uassasauger is known to inhabit, should always have one 
of these caustics with them. 

8. But when a person is bitten in |;he absence of all these 

■caustics, and not being able to reach the spot to suck out 

the poison, he must drink whisky enough to get as drunk 

as a fool, or his whole dependence must be upon the asl^ 

asparagus, or elecampane. 

The National Intelligencer, a year or tw6 since, published 
a recipo for the cure of the rattlesnake bite, which it 
claimed was infalliable, it naving been tried in a number of 
eases, and always with success. It was nothing more nor 
im than the use of whisky as above xeoommended, and it 




is but justice to say that a daughter of Wm. Reid, of the 
town of Pittsfield, in this county, who was bitten •ou the 
arm some three years ago, was cured by drinking whJjky 
until drunkenness and stupor were produced, and she has 
never felt any inconvenience from the bite since, which 
goes to show that the bite of the DcuiVs, tea is worse than 
tiie bite of a rattlesnake. . , 

9. I know an old physician who was called to a boy bit- 
ten by a rattlesnake, and in the absence of all other remedies, 
he cured him upon the principle that " The hair of the 
dog will cure his bite," taking a piece of the snake about 
two inches long, splitting it upon the back, and binding it 
upon the bite. It cleansed the wound very white, and no 
bad effects were seen from it. 

10. Salerator, moistened and bound upon the bite ; then dis-1 
solve more, and keep the parts wet with it for a few hours, has 
cured many ma£«asauger bites, as also bee stings. 

11. Snake BiTtEN Cattle. — Remedy.— Cattle or 
horse« are usually bitten in the feet. When this is the case, 
all that is necessary to do is to drive them into a mud-hole 
and keep them there for a few hours ; if upon the nose, bind 
the mud upon the place in such a manner as not to interfere 
with their breathing. And I am perfectly satisfied that 
soft clay mud would be an excellent application to snake 
bites on persons, for I know it to draw out the poisoning 
from ivy, and have been assured that it has done the same 
for snake bites, of persons as well as for cattle. 

EYE PREPARATIONS.— Eye Water.— Table salt and white 
vitriol, of each one table-spoon ; heat ihem upon copper or earth- 
en un^l dry ; the heating drives off the acrid or biting water, called 
the water of crystalization, making them much milder in theii 
action ; now add them to soft water I pint ; putting in white sugai 
1 table-spoon ; blue vitriol a piece the size of a common pea. If 
it should prove too strong in any case, add a little more soft water 
to k vial of it. Apply it to the eyes 3 or 4 times daily. 

If the eyes^ are very sore, or if the soreness has been of 
long standing, take the "Alterative Syrup," or the " C?ithar- 
tic Alterative," continuing them for several weeks, accord- 
ing to the necessities of the case. I find it an excellent 
plan, in using any preparation for sore or week eyes, to 
apply it again about twenty minutvo from tho first applica^ 





tion^ More than double speed is made by this repetition. 
For inflammation of any part of the body, apply this by 
wetting cloths. Even for sores about the ears ana groins of 
babes, reduce it, ami three or four applications will oore 
them. I have also found it valuable for horses, as a wash, 
when they got the 03 injured by straws, or otherwise, whioh 
causes the eye to wat*-/, or matterate, using it freely. 

The use of this eye water enabled me to lay by the spec- 
tacles after four years' wearing, and I have,>since studied 
medicine and graduated as a physician, without resorting 
again to their use, by the occasional application of the eyei 
water. But I need not have resorted to the use of the eye 
water again, had I not done in study, as I do in all things 
else, that is, when I have anything to do, I do it with Si 
my might. I read steadily, day by day, sixteen hours- 
more than five other students read altogether, who roomed 
at the same house. Yet this counted in the end ; fbr when 
the class began to inquire and look around, near the end of 
the term, for one to deliver the Valedictory^ on their behalf, 
which is the custom in the Eclectic Medical Institute, I re- • 
ceived that, the first honor of the class. I do n^ot mention 
this to boast, by no means, but to show the necessity, as well 
as the advantages, of hard study, especially to those who 
begin their studies late in life, and are obliged to pay their 
way with their own hands, and support a famUy also. 1 his 
was my case exactly. In the commencement of my medlr 
cal studies, I worked all day, reading half of the night^ 
copying all the latin terms, with their significations, on a sUp 
of paper, which I carried in my pocket during the next day, 
looking at two or three of the terms at a time, through the 
day, until all were committed. And thus I accomplished 
no more than what any other man may do, if he goes at it 
with a will, and does as I did ; and that some one mav bo 
stimulated to this course is the only object of this recital. 
See " Advice to Young Men." 

2. Dr. Raymond, of Grass Lake, Mich., who obtained 
the above prescription of me, adds to each ounce of water 
used, one grain of morphine, and he tells me he has great 
suooess with it ;^ the addition of the morphine making it 
nearly resemble the celebrated prescription used by the £og« 
Uah surgeQUB in India, which is as foUowa : 


iM' oBiSBlj i^xmm- 


i fmi Tiisl6MH!mt FOlt Sorb Erss.— Sii]]^]fftt«i of sine, 2 gn. t 
OtKitfiie of optam (laudanam), 1 dr. ; rose Water, 2'obi. ; mix. Put 
4 dro|^ or tWo in tbe eye, two or three times daily. 

4. An En: Booros^ of Xenhi, 0., makes gr^ use of 

' I^Mphate of zli&c, wMW6t l«)&d, atitf rd)(^ oilt, otiM i4SM:) 
loaf sugar, I ozv; soft water, 12 mi ; mijt wit&oat Dieat, and use as 
otiMP eye wttteiBt 

fl^. %i GiOlolt!^ of A^i^btdia, 0., ttakeB and sells large 
mmms, Tiii^ tbB h^HA of '' 06(Alt's Eye Water;" It is 

^ iSixIpIittte of zindf 1. oz. j'Sngar of lead, 1-2 oi. ; precipitated car- 
9,0I^W df irbti, 1-2'oz.: salt add dttgar, of each 1 table-spoon ; the 
WSilisS'df tkh^gfSs {mft'lkaiibX, 32 osis.; mix the Whites of the eggs, 
aino, sa&, lead; sugso*, and iron, well together, then add ^e 
Wator»- \ 

6(FeK EidGp^sivB Jmnj^MMATiotf of ths Etes.— Poultice by 
boipiis a hinmlAl of hops in water, putting in from 1-2 to 1 dr. of 
OpitiKil; Wlnl^ b6iliti^ ; When still waim lay tho hops over the 
e^ili an? k^ thesb^ wet with the water in which they wore 

A My iii^ hiid been ))llstetidd and statted, adeoi^ing to 
iJteold fjaii, is tMs disMse, was soon oared by tbis poul- 
Mibgi'iM wiping the eyes often ^itH the hop-water ooti- 
filil%'tti«ro^illD^y WHU genetiDds diet, Sto., eofiti-ary to the 
eM|)^ta^Oi^W £^ttdi»,«iidl!M) prediotieiis of eiieinieS) to tlie 

t; ff stn^ flyeS" Acta mttch water, put a little of the oxide* of 
ifiie kiW%v^atin»BtitaAm9>it rather freely— it Will soon core 
WWiMMINrityi , j. ..-.,•:. x i^. 

.. jii .f!iinml48.aii#watfr lias oorea sore eyes of long standing; 
aod'UHKMl quite strong it makes an- excellent application in erysip- 

6; CfA^EN Khu^abb. — Tbe juice of the root applied 
to tlie eye has cured bad ca^s* 

10. Boil an egg, remove the yolk, and have ready equal parfs 
of BUlj^iM^ of sine and loaf so^ar, pulverized ; fill the place oc- 
cupied by the yollt. and squeeze out the oil tbrou^ a liaeu cloth, 
#nfle hot, and'ia|)piy as ueefe^ed. If two strong, add a tittle rain 


1 8(!9a'a Mbtjlt tb a Mifs. Johnston, in Wayne €o., Mieh., 
who bad iu(ed tMs prepaTfttion very sueoessmlijr ft»r Bev«<al 
years, and had I itot have alteady had it ih my Mk, I 


■■(■ > , 



oouM not have purchased it of her for less than fi'Ai dollars, 
and she regretted very much that I was taking Irom her a 
source of profit by selling ike books in her netgbborbood 
containing the recipe. 

11. Sailors' Etb Preparation — ^Bum alum, and nbc it with 
the white of eg;gs, and put between two cloths and lay it ajion the 
eye^ ; ttfklng salts and cream of tartar, equal piirts, to cleaiise the 

This was given to me, and very highly recommended, by 
an old Scotch sailor, with whom I have had much enjoy- 
ment, talking over the sufiferings of the sea, he having used 
it many tinies in places where nothing else coiiid be ob- 

12. Father Piy^NBT's Preparatiov for Vert Bad Sore Eyes. — 
Castile soap, striped fine, and lialf the qnantliy of very finely 
pulverli^d chalk *, Wet thetti up to a paste with stmng juide of 
tobaoco ; when denred to apply to the eye, drop t^ or Ihree drops 
of brandy into the box of paste ; then take out a bit of it where 
the brandy was dropped, equal in size to the fourth of a grain of 
wheat, to the diseased eye ; wet it on a bit of glass, and put ii 
into tkce eye witirv camaePs hair pencil. 

A^ly it twiie daily at first, and frbm that to only once 
in two days, for from one to two weeks^ will and has cured 
wretched bid citit^s ; so says old Father Pifikney, df Wayne 
Co., Mich., who has used it ovcf fifty ye«rs, he ikiiiig over 
ninety year^ of agr. His only objeet in gtviitg h to ii^er- 
tion hei^ is to do good to his fellow creatute^; and »i8» for 
nmnitdi) it being equaliyt applieabie ttr horses or eat^ 

13. BfeixJt EJt^ "WU:ti6R.— Soft wdtfer 1 pt. ; gtaf oirti*«6 f d#. ; 
iifM^ tlMdl 1 on. ; nne salt ^ teaspoon ; put all Mto a bdiile 
and shake until dissolved. Put into the eye just as jgu rotito to 
bed./' ;.;. . .'• /.,.:'..■•::? 

i pai4 Mrs Pinny, Soiltti of Yp^ilkliti, lUcH., ffl^ denta 
for this prescription. She would not, however, let her own 
family know its composition. ' Her husband had removed 
films from horses' eyes with it, and cured Mr. Ghidister, a 
merchatt of Ypsilanti, by' only two applications^ as the say- 
ins^ is, after he had '' tried everything else." It came from 
an old Indian, but my knowledge of the airtidos would laftd 
me to say for oommo% »t least, it w^uld requite to be re- 
daoed oi^-half. 

14. Tobacco Ihrs: Wateb,— Fine cut tobacco th^ vlbki 6t k 







oommon hic^ry nut ; sugar of lead equal in bulk ; rain water k ' 
0Z8. ; opium the size of a pea. Reduce iu with more water if necec- 

. 16. Vbboigris AND HoNBT have cured inflamed eyes, by uning 
just sufficient yirdigris to color the water a grass color, then making 
it one-third honey. It is also said to prevent scars by using upon 

16. Raw Potato Poultice, for inflamed eyes, is one of the very 
best applications in recent cases, scraping fine and applying fre- 

17. SuppBRT Elm Poultices are also an excellent application, 
used as above. 

18. Films — To Remove from the Eye. — Wintergreen leaf, bruised, 
and stewed in a suitable quantity of hen's oil to make the oil 
strong of the wintergreen — strain and apply twice daily. 

The above oured a boy of this city, and I am satisfied 
that the hen's oil has cured recent cases, without the winter^ 
green, but with it, it has cured beasts also. For cases or 
a year or two's standing, however, it is best to use the fol- 
lowing: , :'^,^ ,,, :..,,,;,,.„,... 

19. Limb Water 1 pt. ; finely pulverized verdigris | oz. ; set on 
embers for 1 hour, then strain and bottle tight. Touch the film 
aver the pupil, or on the speck, 2 or 3 times daily, by putting the 
point of a small camel's hair pencil into the preparation, then to 
the eye, holding away the lids for a short time by placing the 
•^umb and finger upon them for that purpose. 

^ i i'V: 


It will be found necessary to persevere for twa or three 
months with this application, and also to use one of the Al- 
teratives to cleanse the blood. This course, pursued for 
three months, gave sight to a young lady who had not seen 
light for two years, which doctors could not do,, nor were 
willing for others to do. 'f^-^ «& j1»>r 

20. Etb Salve.— Take white precipitate 1 teaspoon, and rub it 
faito a salve with 3 teaspoons of fl'esb lard, and applied upon the 
outside of the lid of the worst chronic [long continued] sore eyes, 
has cured them when they were so bad that even the eyelashes 
JoiJia] had fallen out from the disease. 

A physician was cured with this eye salve when Jie could 
not cure himself. If red percipitate will cure the itch, why 
should not the white cure disease of the eye. 

21. SoEB Etbs— To Remove the Granulations.— Crystalized 
nitrate of silver 2 grs. ; morphia 1 gr. ; blue vitriol 1 gr. ; saU 
uuBOBMO 1 gr. ; pulverize eaph one separately, and xnts. Ap*^ 




far* ^A 

ply one* <lAil7, by putting a Bmall bit of the mixture upon a pleoe 
of glas^, moistening it witii a little water, and patting into the eye 
by means of a email camel's hair pencil. 

22. Another Mkthod. — ^Is to take a stick of tag-alder about 3 
feet long, boring a hole nearly through the middle of the stick, 
crosswise, filling it with salt, and pluggingit up ; then put one 
end into the fire and charr it nearly to tide salt, then the other end, 
the same way and finally pulverizing and applying the salt, ihe 
same as the above, once daily only. 

In either case after the granulatious (little lumps^ are re- 
moved from th eye, or eyes, finish the cure by using any 
of the foregoing eye waters which you may choose ; all the 
time using some of the alteratives for cleansing the blood. 

Sweet oil, linseed oil, and red lead pulverized, of each 1 oz. [or 
in these proportions.] Pitt all into an iron dish over a moderate 
fire, stirring constantly, until you, can draw your finger over a drop 
of it oh a board when a little cool, wi^^out sticking. Spread ou 
cloth and apply as other salves. 

My brother, J. M. Chase, of Caneada, N. Y., says he has 
lused this salve about fifteen years, and knows it to be one 
of the best in the world for all kinds of old sores, as ulcers, 
fever sores, and all inflamed parts, cleaning, or taking out 
redness or inflammation, causing a white, healthy appearance 
in a short time, and a certain preventive of mortification, &o., 
&o., as well as to prevent soreness in more recent cuts and 
bruises, also ; and from my own knowledge of a salve which 
is very similar, I have introduced it into this work, -fueling 
assured that whoever may have occasion to try it, will not 
regret the space it occupies, especially after reading the fol- 
lowing : A gentleman said to me during the past sunmier, 
" I will give you one of the most valuable salves in the world, 
for I cured a man's hand with it which was so swollen that 
it looked more like a ham than a hand j and two Doctors 
said it must be out ofi'^ also ulcerated." When he told me 
how it was made, I opened my book to the above salve, 
which was precisely the same as the one he used. 

2. Bed Salve. — Some prefer to prepare the salve as 

follows : 

Red lead 1 lb. ; beeswax and rosin,. of each 2 ozs. *, linseed and 
sweet oi)s, of each 3 table-spoons ; spirits of turpentine 1 teaspoon j 
melt all, except the first and last, together, then stir in the lead 
sad stir until qqqI, adding \jiq turpentine. 



TTscd upon fover and all other sores of an inflammaiorr 
Oiiaraoter; at the same time taking the following pill to 
purify the blood. 

3. Mandbajob root, dried and ptUTerueed, 1*2 oz. ; blood root, 
ia the eame way, 1-4 oz. ; form into pills wit|i extract of dandelion. 
BosB— Three piys may be tak?n at bed-time for 2 or 3 days, 
then add anotber pill, aad at the end of a week take any cathar- 
tic jou choose ; th^ntake iodide of potash 10 gr8.,and put it into 
a vial with 1 oz. of water, and take 20 or 30 urops of it in a little. 
more water, instead of the .mw4li:a]l|:e,pJiU».for 9 er 4. days: thea' 
•that pill again, as at first. -^^^ '^ - ' * " • ^';> ' ^;•^ '^^ j.| 

BV the tilne vou have gone around thre^ or four times, 
^e blood will be pretty thoroughly cleansed — ^do not be 
afraid of the mandrake pill, as it will not aci^ as a cathartic, 
but simply work upon the blood — if it dop, reduce the 
number. Yovl will be pleased with the mejthod of purifi- 

4. Indian Cube.— G. A. Paterson, of Ashtabula, \0., 
was cured by an Indian physician, in Cleveland, of one of 
the worst fever sores almost ever known* j^he muscles of 
his leg were so contracted that no use could be made of his 
log ;in getting about. Four months, and the following treat- 
ment, did the work : 

A syrap of Wahoo (Euonymus Atroparpurens)— aad here let 
nie say ^at the Wahoo is the great Indian remedy for purifying 
tilie blood— was outde by bollihg very strong, then molasses and 
rum added to make it palatable and keep it from souring ; this 
was used sufficient to keep the bowels solvent, sometimes chewing 
the' bark of the root from which the syrup is made, preferring it a 
part of the time to the sjnip. The sore was dressed with the fol- 
lowing salve : rpsin 1 lb. ; mutton tallow 1 lb. ; beeswax 1 lb.; 
linseed oil 1 pt. ; ambrosial (highly flavored) soap 1 1-2 ozs. ; to 
make it, mix in an iron kettle and simmer 2 hours, stirring all the 
time. Spread on a cloth and appl^ as needed. The contractedij 
muscles are anointed with skunk's oil only. , T ral 

Mr. Faterson also extols it Mny highly for all common I 

purposes. And as I have a few other recipes for fever sores 

which have been so highly: recommended by those who have 

used them, I cannot omit their insertion, and I would espe-| 

^aily recpQimend the next one following, cal)ed^: /j 

6. KriRrooE's Salve. — ^Bitter-sweet and sweet elder roots, of I 
€Ach 1 1-2 lbs. ; hop vines and leaves, and green plantain top andf 
root, of each 1-2 lb. ; tobacco 1 three cent plug. Boil all in raiol 
Wttter to^get .put the etreogtb, thvn put the Wbs in a thiick clotlil 



1 1-2 ozs. : to 

and press out the juice, and boil down careftilly to 1-2 pi; then add 
unsalted batter 1 lb.; beeswax and rosin, of each 1 oz., and sim- 
mer over a slow ffre until the water is all out. 

I obtained the above from S. B. Newton, a farmer doctor 
near Moore ville, Mich., who had cured fever sores with it 
of thirty-five years' standing ; used it also on swelling ia 
every case, once upon a boy who had an eye kicked out and 
swelled very bad ; he keeps it in his stable all the time for 
wounds of horses and cattle, in castratioDj &o., &o. I know 
it must be a very valuable salve. 

6. Fever Sorb Poultice. — Sassafras, huiK of the root, dried and 
pulverized very fine ; make a bread and milk poultice quite thin, 
and stir in ot the above powder to make it of proper consist- 
ence, applying 3 times in the 24 hours for 3 weelcs ; then heal 
with a salve made by thickening honey to a salve with wheat 

If there are loose bones it will be quite sore while they 
are working out, but persevere. A case was cured by it of 
twelve years' standing ; the same man cured eight other 
cases, never having a failure, and it has proved successful on 
an abcess of the loins also. 

7. Yeast Poultice.— Fresh yeast, the thick part, thickened 
with flour and applied to fever sores has proved very valuable, 
continuing it for several weeks, touching any points, which do 
no I, heal readily, with finely pulverized verdigris rubbed up with 
■1 ]\J\e lard ; then putting the poultice directly over the whole 

This heaU, leaving the parts white and natural, instead of 
dark, as I have seen many cases which had been cured. 

8. Salve for Fever Sores, Abcesses, Broken Breasts, &o. — 
Thoroughly steep tobacco 1-2 oz., in soft water 1 pt., strain- 
ing out from ibe tobacco and boiling down to 1 gill ; then have 
melted, lard, rosin, and beeswax, of each 1-2 oz., simmeriQf to a 
thick salve, then stirring in 1 gill of old rum, and, if nece«6ary, 
continuing the simmering a little longer. To be used as other 

9. OiMTiBKNT.— Sweet clover [sown in gardens] stewed in lard ; 
then add beeswax and white pine turpentine, equal parts, to form 
an ointment, is highly recommended. 

10. Salve for Fever Sorbs, Cuts, &c.— Spuits of turnentina^ 
and hon«>y, of each 1-2 pt., simmered over a slow fire unol they 
unite by stirring ; theu set aside to cool until you can put in the 
yolk of an egg without its being cooked by the heat ; stir it in 
and return it to the fire, adding camphor gum ^ oz., suumev aa4 
jUruatU well mixed. 




i)R. chase's REcirfi^. 

-By putting '.n tlie ogg when cool, it combine^l Mhh. tlic 
otii«r, but if put in wliilc the salve is hot it cooks, but does 
not combine. This is very highly recommended, as above 

11. William Howell, a firmer living about six milea 
from Jacksou, Mich, says he had a fever kiore on his shin 
for twenty years, sometimes laying him up for nonths, and 
at one time preparations were made to cut off the limb, but 
i.n old man in New Jersey, told him to : 

Scrape a tresh turnip and apply it every 4 hoars, night and day, 
until healed, which cured him. iv;;. 

And he feels assured from using it in other cascLs, that all 
will be plefli=od with it who have any occasiou.foi its use. 
Apply it oftener if it becomes too offensive.. 

SALVES.— Green Mountain Salve. — Eosin 5 lbs.; Burgundy 
pitch, beeswax, and mutton tallow, of each J lb. ; oil of hemlock, 
balsam of fir, oil of origanum, oil of red cedar, and Venice tur- 
pentine, of each 1 oz. ; oil of wormwood i oz. ; virdigris, very 
tiaely pulverized, 1 oz. ; melt the first articles togeth(;r, and add 
the oils, having rubbed tho verdigris up with a little of the 
oils, and put it in with the other articles, stirring well ; thea 
pour into cold water, and work as wax, until cool enough to 

This salve has no equal for rheumatic pains, or weakness 
in the side, back, shoulders, or any place where pain may 
locate itself. Where the skin is broken, as in ulcers and 
bruises, I use it without the verdigris, making a white salve, 
even suporicjr to '* Peleg White's old salve." It is valuable in 
Dyspepsia, to put a plaster of the green salve o"S^er the sto- 
mach, and wear it as long as it will stay on, upon the back 
also, or any place where pain or weakness may locate. In 
cuts, bruises, abrasions, &c., spread the white salve upon 
cloth and apply it as a sticking plaster until well ; for rheu- 
matism or weakness, spread the green salve upon saft leather 
and apply, letting it remain on as long as it will stay. For 
corns, spread the green salve upon cloth and put upon the 
corns, lei;ting it remain until cured. It has cured them. 

A* gentleman near Lancaster, O., obtained one •f my 
books having this recipe in it, and one year afterwi'-rds he 
told me he had sold over four thousand rolls of the salve, 
ctuisg an old lady of rhQumatism in six weeks, 'wjbo had 

* . 






been confined to her bed for seven weeks, covering all tlie 
large joints with the salve, without other treatment. 

2. Coxklin's Celebrated Salve. — Rosin 4 lbs. ; bees-wax, bur- 
gundy pitch, white pine turpentine, and mutton tallow, each 4 lb. ; 
camphor gum and balsam of fir, of each |- oz. ; sweet oil J oz. ; and 
alcohol ^ pt. Melt, mix, roll out, and use as other salves. Won- 
ders have been done with it. 

3. Balm of Gilbad Salve. — Mutton tallow i lb ; balm of gilead 
buds 2 ozs. ; white pine gum 1 oz. ; red precipitate ^ oz. ^ hard 
'floap J oz. ; white sugar one table-spoon. Stew the buds in the tal- 
low until the strength is obtained, and press out or strain, scrape 
the soap and add it with the other articles to the tallow, using 
sufficient unsalted butter or sweet oil to bring it to a proper con- 
sistence to spread easily upon cloth. When nearly cool, stir in 
the red precipitate, mixing thoroughly. > 

This may be more appropriately called an ointment. It- 
is used for cuts, scalds, bruises, &c., and for burns by spref»a- 
ing very thin — if sores get proud flesh in them, sprirMj a 
little burned alum on the salvo before applying U. It has 
been in use in this county about forty years, with the gieat- 
est success. 

4. Adhesive Plaster, or Salve for Deep Wounds, Cuts, &v,., 
•IN Place op Stitches. — White rosin 7 ozs. ; bees-wax and mutton 
tallow, of each ^ oz. ; melt all together, then pour hxt& cold \»ater 
and work as wax until thoroughly mixed, then roll <mt into suit- 
able sticks for use. * 

It may be spread upon firm cloth and cut into narrow 
strips. In case of deep wounds, or cuts, it wih be found to 
firmly hold them together, by first pressing ope- end, of a 
strip upon one side of the wound until it adheres, then draw 
the edges of the wound closely together, and press down 
the other end of the strip until it adheres also. The strips 
should reach three or four inches upon each side of the cut, 
and run in different directions across each other, to draw 
every part of the wound firmly in contact. It will crack 
easily after being spread until appliet. to the warm flesh, yet 
if made any softer it cannot be depended upon for any 
length of time, but as it is, it has been worn as a strength- 
ening plaster, and remained on over a year. 

6. Peleg White's Old Salve. — This, formerly cele- 
brated, salve was composed of only three very simple surtioles. 







DB. chase's BEOIFES. 


Our " Gfreen Mountain Salve " is far aheaa of <t, yet for 
the satisfaction of its old friends, I give you its coinposi- 

Bosin 3 lbs. ; mntton tal!3W and beeswax, of each \ lb. ; melted 
together and poured into cold wator, then palled, and workeci as 
ehoentaker's wax. 

It was recommended for old sores, cuts, bruises, rhoama. 
tic-plasters, &c., &c. 

The apparatus for making salves and lozenges consists of 
a board prepared with strips upon it of the desired ihick- 
ness for the diameter of the rolls of salve, al&o a picc4 of 
board with a handle, with which to roll the salve when 
properly cooled for the purpose. The salve is laid between 
the strips, which are generally one inch tlu<*k, then with the 
handle piece, roll it until that board comes down upon the 
strips which makes the rolls of one size, use a little tallow to 
prevent sticking to the boards or hands ; then cut off the 
desired length and put a label upon them, to prevent them 
^ticking to each other. 

A roller and tin cutter is also necessary to complete the 
apparatus, with which, and another board, having thin 
strips upon it to correspond with the thickness of lozenges 
required, you can roll the mass down until the roller touches 
the strips ; and thjus you can get them as well as the salve, 
of uniform thickness; then cut out with the cutter, lading ] 
them upon paper until dry. 

VERMIFUGES.— Santoninb Lozbnoes— Santonine .60 grs, ; pul- 
verized sugar 6 ozs. ; mucilage of gnm tragacanth sumciratj 
to make into a thick paste, worked carefully together, that t' 
•antonine -fball be evenly mixed throughout the whole dumI|| 



HEDIOAIj defabxhent. 


Uien, if not in too great a hurry, cover up the mortar in which 
you have rubbed them, and let stand from 12 to 24 hours to tern- 
per ; at which time they will roll out better than if done immedi- 
ately ; divide into 120 lozenges. See apparatus, above, for roll- 
ing, and cutting out. Dose — For a child one year old, 1 lozenge, 
flight and morning ; of 2 years, 2 lozenges ; of 4 years, 3 ; of 8 
years, 4 ; of 10 years or more, 5 to 7 lozenges ; in all cases, to be 
taken twice daily, and continuing until the worms start on a voy- 
age of discovery. 

A gentleman came into the drug store one morning, with 
the remark '* Do you know what your lozenges have been 
doing ?" As though they had killt J some one, the answer 
was, no, is there anything wrong ; he held up both hands 
together, scoop shovel style, saying, " They fetched away 
the worms by the double handful." It is needless to at- 
tempt iD «;ive the symptoms by whicli the presence of worms 
might be distinguished ; for the symptoms of nearly every 
other disease is i'^metimes manifested by their presence. 
But if the belly be quite hard, and unusually large, with a 
peculiar and disagreeable breath, iu the morning foul or 
furred tongue, upper lip swollen, itching of the nose and 
anus, milky white urine, boweL sometimes obstinately cos- 
tive, then as obstinately loose, with a craving appetite, then 
loathing food at times; rest assured that worm medicine 
will not be amiss, whether the person be child, or adult. It 
would be well to take a mild cathartic after four \o six days 
use of the lozenges, unless the worms have passed off suffi- 
ciently free before that time, to show their general destruc- 
tion. Very high praise has also been given to the follow- 

2. Vebmifuge Oil— Prof. Freeman's. — In the May 
number of the Eclectic Medical Journal of Cincinnati, 0., 
I find so valuable a vermifuge from Prof. Z. Freeman, that 
I must be excused for its insertion, as the articles can alyraya 
be obtained, whilst in some places you might not be able to 
get the santonine called for in the lozenges. His remarks 
following the recipe will make all needed explanations, and 
give contidence in the treatment. 

The explanations in brackets itre my own, according to 
the custom through the whole work. 

, " Tak« #vil of chenopodii, \ oz. (oil of worm seed) ; oil of tere- 
bhith, 2 dn. (oil of turpenone) ; oil of rioini, l\ oas. (castor 





oil) ; fluid extract of gpigelia, J oz. (pink) hydrastin 10 graing ; 
syrup of menth. pip. | oz. (syrup of peppermint.) Dose — To a 
"child 10 years of age, a teaspoon 3 times a day, 1 hour before 
' each meal ; if it purges too freely, give it less often. 

" This is an excellent vermifuge, tonic, and cathartic, and 

' has never failed (as well as I can judge), to eradicate worms, 

if any were present, when administered for that purpose. 

I have given no other vermifuge for the last five years, and 

■} often on^ teaspoon has brought away from three to twenty 

of the lumbrica. Only a few days ago I prescribed one 

fluid drachm of it (about one teaspoon), and caused the 

i=^ expulsion of sixty lumbricoids, and one fluid drachm, taken 

*) a few days afterwards, by the same child, brought away 40 

* more, some of them six inches in length. Where no worms 

^ are present, it answers the purpose of a tonic, correcting the 

oottdition of the mucus membrane ,of the stomach and 

bowels, improving the appetite and digaation, and operalting 

J as a mild cathartic." -m.^RfU' ■ : i^-'j-f^jy^i^),:^ vv/x i^y ; 

3. Worm Tea. — Carolina pink-root, senna leaf, manna and 
American worm-seed, of each J^ oz. ; bruise and pour on boiling 
water 1 pt., and steep without boiling Sweeten well, add half 
as much milk. Dose— A child of five years may take one gill 
three times daily, uefore meals, or sufficient to move the bowels 
rather freely. . 

If this does not carry off any worms, wait one day and 
repeat the operation ; but if the bowels do not move by the 
first day's work, increase the dose and continue to give it | 
until that end is attained before stopping the medicine. 
This plan will be found an improvement upon the old,j 
where the lozenges or oil cannot be obtained, as above. 

4. Worm Cake. — English Remedy. — Wheat flour and jalap,, 
of each | lb. ; calomel, grain-tin, and ginger, of each 1 oz. Mix 
thoroughly and wet up as dough, to a proper consistence to roUJ 
out ; then roll out as lozenge cakes, to three-sixteenths of an inch] 
hi thickness ; then cut out to ^-4 inch square and dry them. Dosk 
/--For a child from 1 to 2 yeara, 3-4 of a cake ; 4 to 5 years, 1 cake; 

5 bora 5 to 7 years, 1^ cakes ; from 7 to 10, 1 1-2 ; from 10 to 12, 
1| ; from 12 to 1-1,2; from 14 to 17, 2^ ; from 17 to 20 years, 
and all above that age, 2^ cakes, but all men above that age,3| 

" Children may eat them, or they can bd shaved off veni 
fine and mixed in a little treacle, honey or preserves. u\ 
after taking the first dose, they do not work as you deein 




increase the dose a little. The patient to take the medicine 
twice a week — Sundays and Wednesdays. To be taken in 
the morning fasting, and to be worked off with a little warm 
tea, water-gruel, or warm broth. N. B. — -Milk must not be 
used in working them off, and be careful of catching cold.— 
Smodin, Printer, Oahham, EngP 

I obtained the above of an English family who praised H 
very highly as a cathartic for common purposes, as well as 
for worms. And all who are willing to take calomel^ I have 
no doubt, will be pleased with its operations. 

TAPE- WORM — Simple, but Effectual Remedy. — 
This very annoying and distl-essing worm has been removed 
by taking two ounce doses of common pumpkin seeds, pul- 
verised, and repeated every four or five hours, for four or 
five days ; spirits of turpentine, also in doses of one-half to 
two ounces, with castor oil, have proved very effectual ; the 
root of the male fern, valerian, bark of the pomegranate 
root, &c., have been used with success. But my chief object 
in speaking upon this subject is to give the successes of .Drs. 
Beach, of New York, and Dowler of Beardstown, 111., from 
their singularity and perfect eradication of the worm, in both 
cases : The first is from " Beach's American Practice, and 
Family Physician," a large work of three volumes, costing 
Twenty Dollars, consequently not generally circulated ; 
[whilst the latter is. taken from the "Eclectic Medical and 
College Journal," of Cincinnati, and therefore only taken 
by physicians of that school. The last was first published 
Iby the " New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal." First 
[then, Dr. Beach says : 

" The symptoms of a tape-worm, as related to me by Miss 
)umouline, who had suffered with it for twenty-five years, 
re in substance as follows : It commenced at the age of 
ten, and afflicted her to the age of thirty-five. The worm 
3ften made her distressingly sick at the stomach ; she would 
^ometimes vomit blood and be taken suddenly ill, and occa* 
loonally while walking, li «aused symptom^ of many other 
Wases, great wasting of the flesh, &o. Her appetite was 
^ery capricious, being at times good, and then poor for 

lonths, during which time her symptoms were much aggra- 
vated) BioknesS; Youuting; great paia ia the ohest^ stooMoli 




168 - DB. CHASE'S REOIPi!S* |.. i , 

"'*? and side, motion in the stomach, and also in the bowels, witiBbJ 
pain, a sense of fullness or swelling, and beating or throkBT 
^\ bing in the same, dizziness, heaviness of the eyes, — and sliilba 
was altogether so miserable that she feared it would d^ 
stroy her. When she laced or wore anything tight, it pi^i 
duced great distress. The worm appeared to rise up in h% 
throsit and sicken her. Her general health was very 1 
At intervals, generally some time after taking medicine 
pieces of the worm would pass from the bowels — often jj 
\ ;^ many as forty during the day, all alive, and would swimiil 
water. s 



" Treatment. — Miss Dumouliae stated that she had employ, 
twenty physicians, at dififerent periods, and taken a hundred diffoj 
ent kinds ot medicine without expelling the worm. She 1 
taken spirits of turpentine, but could not retain it uponi 
stomach. Under these circumstances 1 comnlenced my treatmei 
Co wage stripped from the pod, a small teaspoon three tim^i a< 
to be taken fasting, in a little arrow-root jelly ; then occasion! 
a purgative of mandrake. In connection with this, I directed 1 
to eat freely of garlic and common fine salt. I gave these ludi 
the belief that each article possessed vermifuge propen 
without ever having administered them for the tape-won 
After having taken them for some time, all her unfavor 
symptoms ceased, and subsequently the remaining portion^ 
the worm passed lifeless from her — an unprecedented circi 

" She immediately recovered, and has since retained 1 
health, and there is no evidence that there is any remaini^ 
The patient stated that the worm which passed from^ 
during the time she was afflicted with it, would fill a| 
measure, and reach one mile in length. Her relief) 
gratitude may be better imagined than described. I hail 
portion of this worm in- my possession. When oncef 
tape-worm begins to pass the bowels, care must be takenj 
to break it off, for it will grow again — it has this pecij 

2. Secondly, Dr. Dowler says : " The subject ofl 
notice is a daughter of Mr. E. Fish, of Beardstown,[ 
about six years old. The only point of special intera 
the case consists in the efficiency of ^he remedy— 1( 
wholly new, and accidentally brought to my notice— i 
was used in its treatment. 

" I wa3 treating 9 brother of this patient ; a parti 




















presoription for whom was, as & drink, the mucilage of elm 
bark, made by putting pieces of the solid bark into water. 
The girl was seen to be frequently eating portions of the 
bark during the day ; the next morning after which, upon 
Ly visiting the boy, the mother, with much anxiety, showed 
xne a vessel containing something that had that morning : 
passed the girl's bowels, with bits of the elm bark, enTeloped 
I in mucilage, which, upon examination, proved to be about 
three feet of tape worm. As 1 supposed the passage of the , 
worm was accidental, and had occurred from the looseness 
caused by the bark, I proceeded to prescribe what I sup- 
posed a much more potent anthelmintic, a large dose of tur- 
pentine and castor oil. The turpentine and oil were given 
Ueveral times during the three consecutive days, causing 
hjretty active purging, but with no appearance of any por- 
rHons of the worm. The girl being slender, and of irritable 
temperament, I was forced to desist from further active 
inedications ; and partly to allay irritation of the bowels, and 
partly to test the influences of the bark on the worm, I di- 
rected that she should resume the use of the bark as before, 
by chewing and swallowing in moderate quantities. 

'' On visiting her the succeeding morning, I was shown 
portions of the worm, mostly in separate joints, that had 
been passed over night. Feeling now some confidence in 
the anthelmintic powers of the elm bark, I directed the con- 
tinued use of it in the solid form, as before, while there 
should be any portions of worm passing. In my daily calls 
for some days, I had the satisfaction to learn that portions 
of the worm continued to pass, from day to day, and some- 
I times several times a day. 

" I now ceased to visit my little patient, intending only 
|an occasional visit ; but my confidence in the efficacy of the 
[elm bark being so well established, I advised its use to be 
continued for even two or three days after any portions of 
[the worm should be seen in the evacuations. The portions 
lof the worm expelled — even the separate joints — ^were alive, 
Ishowing more or less motion ; a sense of their presence in 
[the rectum, from their action, seemed to urge the patient to 
|go to stool for their removal. = ;»^ ?* * 

"Having given direction for the links or joints to be 
[counted, care was t^eu to do 00, by the mother; and from 

■ FT. 






my notes of tlie case, I find that during about seven weeks 
of the intervening time, there had been expelled, by esti- 
mate, (taking the average lengths of the joints,) about forty- 
five feet of worm. At this time there had been no portions 
of the worm passed for two weeks, during which time the 
use of the bark had been omitted. The head of the worm, 
with about fifteen inches of the body attached, had been 
expelled ! But thinking that all portion of the worm or 
worms might not have been removed, I advised that the 
patient should resume the use of the bark. Very soon the 
next day, after doing so, further portions commenced com- 
ing away, among them one about six feet long, tapering to 
a thread like termination. 

" The next time I took notes of the case, my estimate of 
the entire length of the worm, that had been expelled, foot- 
ed up one htmdred and thirty-five feet^ whether one or 
more worms, I am unable to say, as in the portions I saw, 
there were a head and tail, of what I supposed one worm. 
Since the last estimate, there have been joints occasionally 
evacuated. . • 

" This patient, when first treated, was thin in fiesh — ^had 
been growing so for some two years — attended with the 
usual nervous symptoms, starting out of sleep, variable ap- 
petite, etc., but with no great departure from good health. 

" As to the influence of this very blank agent in the dis- 
lodgment of the tape-worm, in this case, I think there can 
be no doubt, whatever may be the theory of its action. 

^^ ^^ ^^ *^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

" The passage of portions of the worm, so promptly, on 
the use of the bark, and the ceasing to do so on the dis- 
continuance of its use— even while active purgative anthel- 
mintics were used — leave no room to doubt its effectiyeness 
in at least this case as a worm expelling agent. 

" It seems probable that the bark, with its thick mucil- 
age, sa interposes between the animal and the inner surface 
of the bowels, as to prevent its lateral grasp on their surface, 
in consequence of which it is compelled to yield to the forces 
naturally operating, and is carried out with the discharges. 
But as my object was simply to state the practical facts in 
this case, I will offer no further reflections." 

COlTGHS.-~€ouon Lozsi^ojss.—- Powdered ipecacuanha ^5 



grfl ; kermes mineral 60 grs. ; sulphate of morphia, 8 gn, : powder- 
ed white sugar, gum arable, and extract of licorice, or each 1^ 
ozs. ; oil of anice 20 drops j syrup of tolu suflBcient to work Into 
mass form ; roll out and cut into 160 lozenges. Dose — One lozenge 
three times daily. — Parish's Pharmacy. 

The above is the prescription of tlie " regulars," but there 
arc those, perhaps, who would prefer the iDore rational pre- 
scription of the " irregulars," next following; and there are 
those who would prefer the " Cough Candy" in place of 
either of the lozenges. By the insertion of the variety, all 
can please themselves. '^■'^■ 

2. Cough Lozenges. — ^Another valuable lozenge is made as fol- 
lows : — Extract of blood-root, licorice, and black cohosh, of each 

1 oz. ; tinctures of ipecac and lobelia, with laudanum, of each i 
oz. ; cayenne, powdered, 10 grs, ; pulverized gum arabic and 
starch, of each, f oz. ; mix all together, and add pulverized sugar 
3 ozs. If this should be too dry to roll into lozenges, add a thick 
solution of gum arabic to give it that consistence ; and if it should 
be yet too moist, at any ttme, add more sugar. Divide into 320 
lozenges. Dose — One, 3 to 6 times daily, as needed. 

3. PuijtfONio Wafers. — Pulverized sugar 7 ozs. ; tincture of 
ipecac 3 drs. ; tincture af blood-root and syrup of tolu, of each 

2 drs. ; tincture of thoroughwort J oz. ; morphine 1\ grs. Dis- 
solve the morphine in water \ teaspoon, having put in sulphurio 
acid 2 drops ; now mix all, and add mucilage of comfrey root or 
gum arabic, to form a suitable paste to roll and cut into common 
sized wafers or lozenges. DmEOTioNS — Allow 1 to dissolve in the 
mouth for a dose, or dissolve 6 in 3 table-spoons of warm watej^^ 
and take ^ of a spoon 6 times daily, or oftener if need be. 

4. Coughs prom Recent Colds— Remedy.— Linseed-oil, honey, 
and Jamaica rum, equal parts of each ; to be shaken when used. 

This has given very general satisfaction in recent coughs, 
but the following m^ probal^ly give the most general Batii»- 
faction: , t [- 

5. Cough Mixture for Recent Colds. — Tincture of 
blood-root, syrups of ipecac and squills, tincture of balsam 
of tolu, and paregoric, equal parts of each. DosB — Half 
of a teaspoon whenever the cough is severe. It is a very 
valuable medicine. • . 4i>'K. 

6. Cough Candy. — Tincture of squills 2 ozs.; camphorated 
tincture of opium, and tincture of tolu, of each ^ oz. ; wine of 
ipecac ^ oz. ; oils of gultheria 4 drops, sassafras 3 drops, and of 
aniseed oil 2 drops. The above mixture is to be put into 5^ 

■ A 





lbs. of candy which is just ready to take from the fire, continning 
the boiling a little longer, so as to fonn into sticks.— Parisy^'^ 

* Druggists will get confectioners to make this for a trifle 
on the pound over common candies, they, of course, furnish- 
ing their own compound. • , . 

7. CouQE Strd^. — Wahoo, bark of the root, and elecampane 
root, of each 2 ozs. ; spikenard root, and tamarack bark (unrossed, 
but the moss may be brushed off), of each 4 ozs. ; mandrake root 
^ oz. ; blood-root \ oz. ; mix alcohol 1 pt., with sufficient water to 
coyer all handsomely, and let stand 2 or 3 days ; then pour off 1 
qt., putting on water and boiling twice, straining the two waters 
and boiling dowH to 3 pints | when cool add 3 lbs. of honey, and 
alcoholic fluid poured oflf, with tincture of wine of ipecac 1^ oz. : 
if the cough should be very tight, double the ipecac, and wash tiie 
feet daily in warm water, rubbing thorn thoroughly with a course 
towel, and, twice a week, extending the washing and rubbing to 
the whole body. Dose — One table-spoon 3 to 5 times daily. \ 

If the cough is very troublesome when you lie down at 
night or on waking in the morning, put tar and spirits of 
nitre, of each one teaspoon into a fort* ounce vial of water, 
shaking well ; then at these times j. sip about a teaspoon 
from the bottle without shaking, which will allay the tick- 
ling sensation causing the cough. 

I have cured a young lady, during the past winter, with 
the above syrup, whose cough had been pretty constant for 
over two years ; her friends hardly expected it ever to be 
any better, but it was only necessary to make the above 
amount of syrup twice to perform the cure. 

8. Cough Tincture. — Tincture of blood-root and bal- 
nam of tolu, of each four ounces ; tinctures of lobelia and 
digitalis, of each two ounces ; tinctur8f)f opium (laudanum) 
one ounce ; tincture of oil of anise (oil of anise one-half 
teaspoon in an ounce of alcohol) one ounce. Mix. Dose 
— About one-half teaspoon three times daily, in the same 
amount of honey, increasing to a teaspoon if needed to 
loosen and lessen the cough. It has raised cases which 
doctors said must die, causing the patient to rais^ matter 
resembling the death smell, awful indeed. It will cure 
cough, not by stopping it, but by loosening it, assisting the 
lungs and throat to throw off the offending matter which 
causes the cough, and thuf> soientifically making the cure 



perfect ; while most of the cough remedies kept for sale, 
Btop the cough by their anodyne and constringing effects, 
retaining the mucus and all offending matters in the blood, 
csuBing permanent disease of the lungs. 

But, notwithstanding the known value of this " Cough 
Tincture," where the tamarack and other ingredients can be 
obtained, I must give my preference to the " Cough Syrup," 

No. 7. '' "'-"':-■ 

9. Cough Pill. — Extract of hyoscyamus, balm of gilead buds, 
with pulverized ipoeac, or lobelia, and balsam of fir, of each \ oz. ; 
oil of anise a few drops to form into common sized pills. Doss — 
One or two pills 3 or 4 times daily. 

Dr. Beach says he endeavored for more than twenty-nve 
years to obtain a medicine to fulfil the indications which 
are effected in this cough pill, particularly for ordinary colds 
and coughs ; and this admirably answers the intention, ex- 
celling all others. It allays the irritation of the mucus 
membrane, the bronchial tubes, and the lungs, and will be 
found exceedingly valuable in deep-seated coughs and all 
diseases of the chest. The bad effects of opium (so much 
used in coughs) are in this pill entirely obviated, and it is 
altogether better than the Cough Drops, which I now dis- 
pense with. — Beaches American Practice. 

WHOOPING COUGH— Syrup.— Onions and garlics sliced, of 
each 1 gill ; sweet oil 1 gill ; stew them in the oil in a covered 
dish, to obtain the juices : then strain, and add honey 1 gill ; pare- 
goric and spirits of camphor, of each ^ oz. ; bottle and cork tight 
for use. Dose— For a child of 2 or 3 years, 1 teaspoon 3 or 4 times 
daily, or whenever the cough is troublesome, increasing or lessen- 
ing, according to age. 

This is a granny's prescription, but I care not from what 
source I derive information, if it gives the satisfaction that 
this has done upon experiment. This lady has raised a 
large family of her own children, and grand-children in 
abundance. "We have tried it with three of our children 
also, and prescribed it in many other cases with satisfaction, 
for over seven years. It is excellent also in common colds, 
attended with much cough. This is from experience, too, 
which I have found a very competent teacher. 

It is said that an European physician has discovered that 
tho dangerous symptoms of whooping cough are due to sup* 





proeeed «utaneous eruptions, and that an external irritant 
or artifiijial rash, is a sure remedy. See " Small Pox." 

2. DAn^ET's Whoopino Cough Strut. — Take the strongest West 
India rum 1 pt. ; anise oil 2 ozs. ; honey 1 pt. ; lemon juice 4 
ozs. ; miA. Dose — For adults, 1 table-spoon 3 or 4 times a day, — 
childf*i2, 1 teaspoon, with as much sugar and water. 

He safs that he has successfully treated more than one 
hundred cases with this syrup. 

.3. SomiNEss OK Hoarseness from Cocgus — Remedy. — Spikenard 
root, bruised and steeped in a teapot, by using half water and 
half spirilla ; then inhaling the steam, when not too hot, by breathing 
through the spout, will relievo the soreness and hoarseness of the 
lungs, or throat, arising from much coughing. 

IN-GUOWING TOE NA|L— To Cure.— We take the 
following remedy for a very common and very painful afflic- 
tion, from the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal : 

" The patient on whom I first tried this plan was a youn^ 

lady who had been unable to put on a shoe for several 

months, and decidedly the worst I have ever seen. The 

edge of ihe nail was deeply undermined, the granulations 

formed a high ridge, partly covered with the skin ; and pus 

constantly oozed from the root of the nail. The whole toe 

was swolIeB and extremely painful and tender. My mode 

of proceeding was this : 

" I put a very small piece of tallow in a spoon, and heated it 
until it became very hot, and poured it on the granulations. 
The effect was almost magical. Pain and tenderness were at 
once relieved, and in a few days the granulations were all gone, 
the diseased parts dry and destitute of all feeling, and the edge 
of the nail exposed so as to admit of being pared away without 
any inconvenience. The cure was complete, and the trouble never 

" I have tried the plan repeatedly since, with the same 
satisfactory results. The operation causes but little pain, if 
the tallow is properly heated. A repetition in some cases 
might be necessary, although I have never met with a case 
that did not yield to one application. It has now been 
proven, in many other cases, to be effectual, accomplishing 
in one minute, without pain, all that can be effected by the 
painful application of nitrate of silver for several weeks." 

OILS — Britjsii Oils.— Linseed and turpentine oils, of each 8 ozs. ; 
oils of amber and juniper, of each 4 ozs. ; Barbadoes tar 3 ozs. j 
fenaeoa oil I oz. j mix. 



This ffl ail old prescription, but it is worth the wliolo 
cwt of this book to any one needing an application for cats, 
bruises, swellings, and sores of almost every description, oa 
persons, horses, or cattle ; so is the following also : 

2. Balm op Gilead On..— Balm of Gilead buds, any quantUy ; 
place them in a suitable dish for stewing, and pour upon ilicm 
BuflScient sweet oil just to cover them ; stew thoroughly and jpress 
out all of the oil from the buds, and bottle for use. 

It will be found very valuable as a healing oil ; or lard 
can be used in place of the oil, making an excellent ointment 
for cuts, bruises, &c. 

3. Harlem Oil, or Welch Medicamentum. — Sublimed or flowers 
of sulphur and oil of amber, of each 2 ozs. ; linseed oil 1 lb. ; 
Bpirits of turpentine sufficient to reduce all to the consistence of 
thin molasses. Boil the sulphur in the linseed oil until it is dis- 
solved, then add the oil of amber and turpentine. Dose — from 15 
to 25 drops morning and evening. 

Amongst the Welch and Germans it is extensively used 
for strengthening the stomach, kidneys, liver and lungs, 
asthma, shortness of breath, cough, inward or outward 
sores, dropsy, worms, gravel, fevers, palpitation of the heart, 
giddiness, headache, &c., &c., by taking it internally ; and 
for ulcers, malignant sores, cankers, &c., anointing externally 
and wetting linen with it and apylying to burns. In fact, 
if one-half that is said of its value is true, no other medicine 
need ever be made. It has this much in its favor, however 
— probably no other medicine now in use has been in use 
half so long — over 160 years. The dose for a child is one 
drop for each year of its age. 

4. Oil of Spike.— The genuine oil of spike is made from the la- 
veiidula spica (broad leaved lavendar), but the commercial oil of 
spike is made by taking the rock oil, and adding 2 ozs, of spirits 
of turpentine to each pint. 

The rock oil which is obtained in Ohio, near Warren, is 
thicker and better than any other which I have ever used. 

6. Black Oils. — Best alcohol, tincture of arnica, British oil and 
oil of tar, of each 2 ozs. , and slowly add sulphuiic acid 1-2 oz. 

These black oils are getting into extensive use as a lini- 
ment, and are indeed valuable, especially in cases attended 
with much inflammation. 

6. Another Method — is to take sulphuric acid 2 ozs. ; nitric 
p.cid 1 oz. ; quicksilver 1-2 oz. ; put them together in a quart bottle, 




or an open crock until dissolved; then slowly add olive' oil and 
spirits of turpentine, of each | pt., putting in the oil first. Let the 
work be done out of doors to avoid the fumes arising from the mix- 
turo : when all is done, bottle and put in all the cotton cloths it 
will dissolve, when it is fit for use. 

The mixture becomes quite hot, although no heat is used 
in making it, from setting free what is called latent, or 
msensible heat, by their combining together. Rev. Mi*. 
Way, of Plymouth, Mich., cured himself of sore throat, 
by taking a few drops of this black oil upon sugar, letting 
it slowly dissclve upon the tongue, each evening after 

Breaching, also wetting cloths and binding upon the neck, 
t will be necessary to avoid getting it upon cotton or linen 
which you would not wish to show a stain. A colt which 
had a fistulous opening between the hind legs, from a snag, 
as supposed, which reduced him so that he had to be lifted 
up, when down, was cured by injecting twice only, of thi^ 
oil to fill the diseased places. Also a very bad fever sore, 
upon the leg, ah ! excuse me, upon the limb of a young 
lady, which baffled the scientific skill of the town in which 
she Uved. In case they bite too much in any of their ap- 
plications, wet a piece of brown paper in water and lay it 
over the parts. 

OPODELDOC— LiQuro.— Best brandy 1 qt. ; warm it and add 
gum camphor 1 oz. ; salammonlac and oil of wormwood, of each \ 
oz. ; oils of origanum and rosemary, of each ^ oz. ; when the oils 
are dissolved by the aid of the heat, add soft soap 6 ozs. 

Its uses axe two well known to need further description. 
DIA.RRH(EAS— Cordial. — The best rhubarb root, pulver\z«d, 1 

oz. ; peppermint leaf 1 oz. ; capsicum \ oz. ; cover with boiling 
water and steep thoroughly, strain, and add bi-carbonate of potash 
and essence of cinnamon, of 'each A oz. ; with brandy (or good 
whiskey) equal in amount to the whole, and loaf sugar 4 ozs. Dose 
— For an adult 1 to 2 iable-spoons, for a child 1 to 2 teaspoons, 
fiom 3 to 6 times per day, until relief is obtained. 

This preparation has been my dependence, in my travels 
and in my family for several years, and it has never failed 
us ; but in extremely bad cases it might be well to use, after 
each passage, the following : 

2. Injection for Chronic Diarrhoea. — ^New milk, with thick 
mucilage of slippery elm, of each 1 pt. ; sweet oil 1 gill ; molasses 
\ pt. ; salt 1 oz. ; laudanum 1 di*. Mix, and inject what the bowels 
will retain. 




Very many children, as well as grown persons die, anrni' 
ally of this disease, who might be saved by a proper use of 
the above injection and cordial. The injection should 
sever be neglected if there is the least danger apprehended. 

Although I believe these would not fail in one case out 
of one hundred, yet I have some other prescriptions which 
are so highly spoken of, I will give a few more. The first 
from Mr. Hendee, of Warsaw, Indiana, for curing Diarrhoea, 
or Bloody Flux, as follows : 

3. DiAREHOSA. Tincture.— Compound tincture of myrrh, 6 
ozs. ; tincture of rhubarb, and spirits of lavender, of each 5 ozs. ; 
tincture of opium 3 ozs. ; oils of anise and cinnamon, with gimi 
".amphor and tartaric acid,* of each J oz. Mix. Dose — One 
teaspoon in J a tea-cup of warm wCov sweetened with loal 
sugar ; repeat after each passage. .' 

He says he has cured many cases alter given up by phy- 
sicians. It must be a decidedly good preparation. Or, 

4. DiARRHCEA Drops.— Tincture of rhubarb, and componnd 
spirits of lavender, of each 4 ozs. ; laudanum 2 ozs. ; cinnamon 
oil 2 drops. Mix. Dose — One teaspoon every 3 or 4 hours, 
according to the severity of the case. 

This speaks from ten years successful experience. 

6. Diarrhoea Syrup.— For Cases brought on by Long CoNTiNfUiD 
Use op Calomel.— Boxwood, black cherry and piickly ash barks, 
with dandeliou root, of each 2 ozs. ; butternut, bark 1 oz. ; boil 
thoroughly, strain and boil down to 1 qt.; then add loaf sugar 2 
lbs., and alcohol 1 gill, or brandy ^ pt. Dose— A wine-glass from 
3 to 5 times daily according to cirnimstances. 

This regulates the bowels and tones up the system at the 
game time, no matter whether loose or costive. In one case 
of costiveness it brought a man round all right who had 
been sewed up tight for twelve days. On the other hand, 
it has regulated the system after months of calomel-diarrh<»a. 

6. Wintergreen Berries have been found a valuable corrector 
of Diarrhoea brought on by the long continued use of calomel in 
cases of fever, eating a quart of them in three days time. 

The gentleman of whom I obtained this item tells me 
that wintergreen essence has done the same thing, when the 
berries could not be obtained. In the first place, " every- 
thing else," as the saying is, had been tried in vain, and the 
man's wife, id coming across the woods^ found these berries 







and picked them, which when the husband saw, he craved, 
and would not rest without them, and, notwithstanding the 
fears of friends, they cured him. Many valuable discove- 
ries are made in a Similar manner. 

7. Dried Whortlebereies, steeped, and the juice drank 
freely, has cured Diarrhoea and Bloody Flux, both in children and 

8. DiARRHCEA AND Canker Tea. — Pulvcrized hemlock bark, 
(it is generally kent by Druggists,) 1 table-spoon, steeped in half 
a tea-cup of water. 

For young children, in Diarrhoea, or Canker, or when they 
are combined, feed a teaspoon of it, or less, according to 
the child's age, two or three timea daily, until cured. To 
overcome costiveness, which may arise from its use, scorch 
fresh butter, and give it in place of oil, and in quantities 
corresponding with oil. Children have been saved with\ 
three cents worth of this bark whom " Alopath " said must 
die. If good for children, it is good for adults, by simply 
increasing the dose. 

9. Sumac bobs, steeped and sweetened with loaf sugar, has 
been found very valuable for Diarrhoea ; adding in very severe 
cases, alum pulverized, a rounding teaspoon, to 1 pt. of the 
strong tea. Dose — A tea, to a table-spoon, according to the age 
of the child, and severity of the case. 

It saved the lire of a child when two M. D.'s (Mule Dri- 
vers,) said it could not be saved. 

Cholera TINCTURu:.— Select the thinnest cinnamon bark, 
cloves, gum, gauiac, all pulverised, of each 1 oz. ; very best 
brandy 1 qt. Mix, and shake occasionally for a week or two. 
Dose— A teaspoon to a table-spoon lor an adult, according to 
the condition and robustness or strength of the system. It may 
be repeated at intervals of 1 to 4 hours, if necessary, or much 
more often, according to the condition of the bowels. 

This I have from an old railroad boss, who used it with his 
men during the last Cholera in Ohio, and never lost a man, 
whilst other jobbers left the road, or lost their men in abund- 
ance, thinking the above too simple to be of any value. 

2. IstHMua Cholera Tincture. — Tincture of Rhubarb, cayenne, 
opium, and spirits of camphor, with essence of peppermint, 
equal parts of each, and each as strong as can be made. Dose — 
From 6 to 30 drops, or even to 60, and repeat until relief |f 
obtained, every 6 to 30 minutes, 




C. H. Cuyler, who was detained upon the Isthmus during 
the cholera period, was saved by this prescription, as also 
many others. 

3. Cholera Preventive. — Hoffman's anodyne and essence of 
peppermint, of each 2 ozs. ; tincture of ginger 1 oz. ; laudanum, 
spirits of camphor, and tincture of. cayenne, of each \ oz. ; mix. 
Dose — For an adult, from a tea to a table-spoon, according to 

4. Cholera Cordlal. — Cyoroform, spirits of camphor, lauda- 
num and aromatic spirits of ammonia, of each 1 dr. ; cinnamon 
water 2 ozs. ; mix. Dose — From 1 tea to a table-spoon, to be. well 
shaken, and t^en ■with sweetened water. 

6. German Choijera Tincture.— Sulphuric ether 2 ozs. ; and put 
it into castor and gentian, of each \ oz. ; opium and agaric, each 
1 dr. ; gum camphor ^ oz. ; let them stand 2 days, then add alco- 
hol 1 qt., and let stand 14 days, when it is ready for use. Dose — 
One teaspoon every 15 or 20 minutes, according to the urgency of 
the case. * 

I procured this prescription of a German at Lawrence- 
burg, Ind., who had done very much good with it during 
the last cholera period in that place. 

6. Egypi'lan Curb for Cholera. — Best Jamaica ginger root, 
bruised, 1 oz. ; cayenne, 2 teaspoons ; boil all in 1 qt. of water to 
J pt., and add loaf sugar to form a thick syrup. Dose — One table- 
spoon everjr 15 minutes until vomiting and purging ceases, then 
follow up with a blackberry tea. 

The foregoing was obtained of a physician who practiced 
in Egypt (not the Illinois Egypt) during tLe great devas- 
tation of the cholera there, with which he saved many lives. 

7. India Prescription for Chotjbra. — ^First dissolve gum cam- 
phor I oz., in li ounces of alcohol. Second, give a teaspoon of 
spirits of hartshorn in a wine glass of water, and follow it every 6 
minutes with 15 drops of the camph®r in a teaspoon of water, for 
3 doses, then wait 15 minutes and commence again as before, and 
continue the camphor for 30 minutes, unless there is returning heat. 
Should this be the case, give one more dose and the cure is effect- 
ed ; let them perspire freely (which the medicine is designed to 
cause) as upon this the life depends, but add no additional clothing. 

Lady Ponsonby, who had spent several years in India, 
and had proved the efficacy of the foregoing, returned to 
Dublin in 1832, and published in the Dublin Mailj for the 
benefit of her countrymen, declaring that she never knew 
it to fail. 



DB. chase's BEOIPES. 

> W 

i; I would say, be very sure you have the cholera, as the 
teaspoon of hartshorn would be a double dose for ordinary 
oases of disease. 

8. Nature's Cholera Medicine,— -Laudanum, spirits of camphor, 
and tincture of rhubarb, equal parts of each. Dose — One table- 
spoon every 15 to 30 minutes until relieved. 

In attacks of cholera, the patient usually feels a general 
uneasiness and heat about the stomach, increasing to actual 
distress and great anxiety, finally sickness, with vomiting 
and purging, surface constringed, the whole powers of the 
system concentrated upon the internal organs, involving the 
nervous system, bringing on spasms, and in tne end death. 
Now, whatever will allay this uneasiness, drive to the sur- 
face, correct the discharges, and sooth the nerves, cures 
the disease. The laudanum does the first and the last, the 
camphor drives to the surface,^and the rhubarb corrects 
the alimentary canal ; and if accompanied with the hoi 
bath, friction, &c., is doubly sure. And to show what may 
be done with impunity in extreme cases, let me say that 
Merritt Blakely, living near Flat Rock, Mich., came home 
from Detroit during the last cholera season, having the 
cholera in its last stage, that is with the vomiting, purging, 
and spasms ; the foregoing medicine being in the house, 
the wife, in her hurry and excitement, in place of two-thirds 
of a table-spoon, she read two-thirds of a tea-cup; and 
gave it accordingly, and saved hia life ; whilst if taken in 
the spoon doses, at this stage of the disease he would most 
undoubtedly never have rallied from the colapse int, which 
he was fast sinking; vet in the commencement they wouH. 
have been as effeQtual ; so, mistake, would be generally ac- 
credited for saving the patient. I say Providence did the, 

Five to ten drops would be a dose for a child 2 to 5 years, and 
in this dose it saved a child of 2| years in a bad case of bloody 

If any one is permitted to die with all these prescriptions 
before them, it must be becanse a proper attention is not 
given ; for God most undoubtedly works through the use of 
means, and is best pleased to see his children wear out, 
rather than break by collision of machinery on the way. 




— Cholera morous arises from a diseased condition of the 
bile, often brought on by an over-indulgence with vegetables, 
especially unripe fruits ; usually commencing with sickness 
and pain at the stomach, followed by the most excruciating 
pain and griping of the bowels, succeeded by vomiting and 
purging, which soon prostrate the patient. The person finds 
nimself unavoidably drawn into a coil by the contraction of 
the muscles of the abdomen and extremities. Thirst very 
great, evacuations first tinged with bile, and finally, nearly 
all, very bilious. 

Treatment.— The difficulty anses from the acidity of the bile j 
then take saleratus, peppermint leaf, and rhubarb root, pulverized, 
of each a rounding teaspoon, put into a cup, which you can 
cover, and pour upon them boiMng water J pt. ; when nearly cold 
add a table-spoon of alcohol, or twice as much brandy or other 
epirits. Dose— Two or 3 table-spoons every 20 or 30 minutes, as 
often and as long as the vomiting and painful purgations con- 
tinue. If there should be long continued pain about the navel, 
use the " injection " as mentioned under that head, in connection 
with the above treatment, and you will have nothing to fear. If 
the first dose or two should be vomited, repeat it immediately, 
until retained. 

The above preparation ought to be made by every family, 
and kept on hand by bottling ; for diseases of this character 
are as liable to come on in the night as at any other time ; 
then much time must be lost in making fires, or getting the 
articles together with which to make it. 

2. Common Colio. — There is*a kind of colic which 
some persons are afflicted with from their youth up, not 
attended with vomiting or purging. I was afflicted with it 
from my earliest recollection until I was over twenty years 
of age, sometimes two or three lUiim .^Murly. 

In one of these fits, about thai age, a neighbor woman came In, 
and as soon as she found out what wa4 th'a matter ^ith me, she 
went .ut and pulled up a bunch of blue vervain, knocked the 
dirt from the roots, then cut them off and put a good handful of 
them into a basin, and poured boiling water upuu them, and 
steeped for a short time, poured out a saucer of the tea and gave 
me to drink, asking no questions, but simply sayiig : "If you 
will drink this tea every day for a month, you w»U never have 
colic again as long as you live.'' I drank it, and in 15 mintjtes 
I was perfectly happy ; the transition from extreme pain to imme- 
diate and perfect relief, is too great to allow one to find words 
adefiuate to describe the difference. -' "^ 








I continued its use as directed, and have not had a colic 
pain since, nearly thirty years. I have told it to others, 
with the same result. It also forms a good tonic in agues, 
and after fevers, &c. 

CARMINATIVES.— -For the more comm'dn pains of the 
stomach, arising from accumulating gas, in adults or child- 
ren, the following preparation will be found very valuable, 
and much better than the plan of resorting to any of the 
opium mixture^ for a constant practice, as many unwisely, 
or wickedly do. See the remarks after " Godfrey's Cordial," 
and through this subject. # » . t *; v I' 

Compound spirits of lavender, spirits of camphor, and tincture 
of ginger, of each 1-2 oz.; sulphuric ether and tincture of cayenne, 
of each 1-2 oz. Mix, and keep tightly corked. Dose— For an 
adult, 1 teaspoon every 15 minutes, until relieved ; for a child of 
2 years, 5 drops ; and more or less, according to age and tta 
severity of the pain. ,A 

2. CARMiNATrv^ FOR CHILDREN. — Angelica and white roots, 
of each 4 ozs. ; valerian and sculcap root, with poppy heads, of 
each 2 ozs.; sweet flag-root f oz. ; anise, dill, and fennel seed, 
with catmint leaves and flowers, motherwort and mace, of each 
1 oz.; castor and cochineal, of each 1-2 oz. ; camphor gum 2 scru- 
ples, benzoic acid (called flowers of benzoin) J oz. ; alcohol and 
water, of each 1 qt., or rum, and brandy 2 qts.; loaf or crushed 
(Sugar 1 lb. Pulverize all of the herbs and roots, moderately fine, 
and place in a suitably sized bottle, adding the spirits, or alcohol 
and water, and keep warm for a week, shaking once or twice 
every day ; then filter or strain, and add the camphor and ben- 
zoin, shaking well ; now ^solve the sugar in another quart of 
water, by heat, and add to the spirit tincture, and all is complete. 
Dose — For a very young child, from 3 to 6 drops ; if 1 year old, 
about 10 drops, and from that up to 1 teaspoon it 2 to 5 years old, 
Icic. For adults, from 1 to 4 teaspoons, according to the severity 
of the pain— to be taken in a cup of catmint or catnip tea for 
ad (lite, and in a spoon of the same for children. It may be repeated 
every 2 ^o 6 hours, as needed. 

Uses. — It eases pain, creates a moderate appetite and 

{)erspiration, and produces refreshing sleep ; is also excel- 
ent for removing flatulence or wind colic, and valuable m 
hysteria and other nervous affections, female debility, &c., in 
place of the opium anodynes. 

SEDLITZ POWDERS.—GBNUiNE.—Rochelle salts 2 drs.; 
bi-carbonate of soda 2 scruples ; put these into a blue paper, and 
put tartaric acid 35 grs. iut» a white paper. To use, put each 



Into different tumblers ; ffll J with water, and put a little loaf sugar 
in with the acid, then pour together and drink. 

* This makes a very pleasant cathartic, and ought to be 
used more generally than it is, in place of more severe 
medicines. Families can buy three ozs. of the Rochelle-salts, 
and 1 oz. of the bi-carbonate .of soda, and mix evenly to- ' 
gether, using about 2 teaspoons for 1 glass, and have the 
tartaric acid by itself, and use a little over J a teaspoon of ' 
it for the other glass, with a table-spoon of sugar, all well 
dissolved, then pour together and drink while effervescing ; 
and they will find this to do just as well as to have them 
weighed out and put up in papers, which cost three times as 
much, and do no better. Try it, as a child will take it ' 
with pleasure, as a nice beverage, and ask for more. 

A lady once lost her life, thinking to have a little sport, ' 
by drinking one glass of this preparation, following it i 
directly with the other ; the large amount of gas, disen- 
gaged, ruptured the stomach immediately. • 

DIPTHERIA — Dr. Phinney's Remedy, of Boston 
— Dr. Phinney, of IJoston, furnishes the Journal of that 
city, with a recipe for diptheria, which has recently been 
re-published by the Detroit Daily Advertiser^ containing 
so much sound sense, and so decidedly the best thing that 
I have ever seen recommended for it, that I cannot forbear 
giving it an insertion, and also recommend it as the de- 
pendence in that disease. 

He says " the remedy on which I chiefly depend is the 
Actea Racemosa, or black snake-root, which is used both 
locally as a gargle and taken internally. 

" As a gargle, 1 teaspoon of the tincture is added to 2 table- 
spoons of water, and gargled every hour for twenty-four hours, or 
till the progress of the disease is arrested ; after which the intervals 
may be extended to an hour and a half, or more, as the symptoms 
may justify. In connection with the use of the garjle, or separ- 
ately, the adult patient should take internally to the amount ot/ 
two or three teaspoons of tine. are in the course of twenty-four 

" In addition to the foregoing, give 10 drops of the muriated 
tincture of iron 3 times in the 24 hours, and a powder from 3 to 6 
grains of the chlorade of potash in the intervals. 

" Under this treatment a very decided improvement takes 

uje within the first twenty-four hours, the ash colored 




DB. chase's BEOIPES. 



membrane disappears usually within two days, and the 
patient overcomes the malignant tendency of the disease. 

*^ The foregoing doses are for adults, for children they 
should of course be diminished according to age, &c. It 
will be observed that great importance is attached to the 
frequent use of the gargle — that is every hour — in order t-> 
overcome the morbific tendency of disease by a constantly 
counteracting impression. In order to guard against a re- 
lapse, an occasional use of the remedies should be continued 
for several days after the removal of the membrane and 
subsidence of unpleasant symptoms. To complete the cure, 
a generous diet and other restoratives may be used; as the 
intelligent practitioner shall direct." 

CATHARTICS— Vegetable Phtsic— Jalap and peppermint leaf, 
of each 1 oz. ; senna 2 ozs. ; pnlverize all very finely, and sift 
through gauze, bottle it and keep corked. Dose— Put a rounding 
teaspoon of the powder and a heaping teaspoon of sugar into ai 
cup, and pour three or four spoons of boiling water upon them ; 
when coot atir it up and drink all. The best time for taking it is 
in the morning, not taking breakfast, but drinking freely of corn- 
meal gruel. If it does not operate in 3 hours, repeat the dose 
antil a free operation is obtained. 

Dr. Beach first brought this preparadon, nearly in its 
present proportions, to the notice of the Eclectic practition- 
ers, who have found it worthy of very great confidence, and 
applicable in all cases where a general cathartic action is re- 
quired. It may be made into syrup or pills, if preferred. 

2. Indian Cathartic Pills. — Aloes and gamboge, of each 1 oz. ; 
mandrake and blood-root with gum myrrh, of each \ oz. ; gum 
camphor and cayenne, of each 1^ drs. ; ginger 4 ozs. ; all finely 
pulverized and thoroughly mixed, with thick mucilage (made by 
putting a little water upon equal quantities of gum arable and 
gum tragacanth,) into pill mass ; then formed into common sizedl 
pills. Dose — Two to four pills, according to the robustness of the\ 
patient. , , / 

Families should always have some of these cathartics, as 
well as other remedies, in the house, to be prepared for acci- 
dent, providence, or emergence, whichever you please to call 
it. They may be sugar-coated, as directed under that head, 
if desired. 

Tooth Cobdial and Pain Killer. — Best alcohol 1 oz. ; 
laudanum f oz. ; chloroform, liquid measore, | oz. ] giua cam- 




phor i oz. ; otl of cloves J dr. ; snlpinric ether | oz. ; anfl oil of 
liivenaer 1 dr. If there is a nerve exposed this will quiet it Ap- 
ply with lint. Rub also on the gums and upon the face against 
the tooth, ireely. , i,. 

"Ttie raging toothache why now endure, when there is fonnd a perflact cure, 
Which saves the touth ani stops the pain, aud gives the sufferer ease a^Un." 

In the case of an ulcerated tooth at Georgetown, Ohio, 
Mr. Jenkins, the proprietor of the " Jenkins' House," had 
been suffering for eight days, and I relieved him by bathing 
the face with this preparation, using a sponge, for two or 
three minutes only, taking a teaspoon or two into the mouth, 
for a minute or two, as it had broken upon the inside. The 
operation of the cordial was really magical, according to old 
notions of cure. 

I offered to sell a grocer a book, at Lawrenceburgh, Ind. 
He read until he saw the ** Magnetic Tooth Cordial " men- 
tioned, then he says, "If you will cure my toothacVe, I 
will buy one." I applied the cordial, it being late Saturday 
evening, and on Monday morning he was the first man on 
hand for his book. ., . 

The Sheriff of Wayne Co., Ind., at Centreville, had beer 
suffering three days of neuralgia^ and I gave him such de- 
cided relief in one evening with this cordial, that he gave 
me a three-dollar piece, with the remark, " Take whatever 
you please." 

In passing from Conneatville, Pa., upon a canal boat, the 
cook (who was wife of one of the steersmen), was taken, 
after supper, with severe pain in the stomach. There being 
no peppermint on board, and as strange as it may appear, 
no spirits of any kind whatever ; I was applied to as a phy- 
sician to contrive something for her relief; I ran my mind 
over the articles I had with ue, and could not hit upon any 
other so likely to benefit as the " Tooth Cordial," arguing 
in my mind that if good for pain where it could be applied 
to the spot externally, I could apply it to the point of pain 
internally in this case (the stomach), as well. I gave her a 
teaspoon of it in water, and waited five minutes without 
relief, but concluding to go "whole hog or none," I re- 
peated the dose, and inside of the next five minutes she was 
perfectly cured. Her husband, the other steersman also, 
and one of the drivers, bought each a book, a^id the next 
week; in Erie, one of her neighbors bought another, upon 


t>B. chase's BEOtI>I!S. 


her recommendation ; eince which myself and agents have 
freely used it, and recommend it for similar conditions with 
equal success. 

The cases are too numerous to mention more. I mention 
these to give confidence to purchasers, that all, who need it, 
will not fail to give it a trial. It is good for any local pain, 
wherever it can be applied. Pain will not long exist under 
its use. 

2. HoMBOPATmo Tooth Cordial.— Alcohol J pt. ; tincture of 
arnica and chloroform, of each, 1 oz. ; oil of cloves J oz. Mix and 
apply as the other. 

There are many persons who would prefer this last to the 
foregoing from the presence of arnica ; and it is especially 
valuable as a liniment for bruises involving effusion of blood 
under the skin. 

- 8. Ne[7ralgu — Internal Remedy. — Sal-ammoniac ^ dr. ; dissolve! 
in water 1 oz. Dose — One table-spoon every three minutes for 20 
minutes, at the end of which time, if not before, the pain will have 

The foregoing is from a gentleman who had been long 
afflicted with the disease, who found no success with any 
other remedy. Instead of common water, the " Camphor 
Water " or " Mint Water " might by some be preferred. 
The ammonia is a very diflfusable stimulant, quickly ex- 
tending to the whole system, especially tending to the sur- 


■:h i; w 

4. King qp Oils, for Neuralgia and Rheumatism. — ^Burning fluid 
1 pt. ; oils of cedar, hemlock, eassafras, and origanum, of each 2 
ozs. ; carbonate of ammonia, pulverized, 1 oz. : mix. Directions. 
— ^Apply freely to the nerves and gums, around the tooth ; and to 
the face, in neuralgic pains, by wetting brown paper and laying on 
the parts, not too long, for fear of blistering,— to the nerves of teeth 
by lint. 

A blacksmith of Sturgis, Mich., cured himself and others, 
with this, of neuralgia, after physicians could give no relief. 

5. Several years ago, I was stopping for a number of 
weeks at a hotel near Detroit ; whilst there toothache was 
once made the subject of conversaiion, at which lime the 
landlady, a Mrs. Wood, said she had been driven by it to 
an extreme measure — no less than boiling wormwood herb 
ifi alcohol and taking a table-spoon of it into the mouthy 




hoiling hot, immediately closing the mouth, turning the 
h^ad in such a way as to bring the alcohol into contact with 
all of the teeth; then spitting it out, and taking the second 
immediately, in the same way, having the boiling kept up 
by sitting the tin containing it on a shovel of hot coals, 
bringing it near the mouth. She said she never had tooth- 
ache after it, nor did it injure the mouth in the least, but 
for the moment she thought her head had collapsed, or the 
heavens and earth come together. And although the 
lady's appearance and deportment were such as to gain gene- 
ral esteem, I dared not try it, or recommend it to others. 
But during the last season I found a gentleman who had 
tried the same thing, in the same way, except he took four 
spoons in his mouth at a time, and did not observe to keep 
his mouth closed to prevent the contact of the air with the 
alcohol, the result of which was a scalded mouth, yet a per- 
fect cure of the pain, and no recurrence of it for twelve 
years up to the time of conversation. And I do not now 
give the plan, expecting it to become a general favorite, but 
more to show the severity of the pain, forcing patients to 
such ftxtremfi remedies. It would not be applicable only in 
cases where the pain was confined entirely to the teeth. 

6. tToRSE-EADiSH Root, bruised, and bound upon the 
face, or other parts where pain is located, has been found 
very valuable for their relief. And I think it better than 
the leaf for drafts to the feet, or other parts. 

.- jt^ 

.-TitrA V^ 




7. TEFfH ExTRActiN withICjittle oJetNo Pain.-^ 
Dr. Dunlap, a dentist of Chillicothe, 0., while filling a tooth 
for me, called my attention to t .^e f )llowing recipe, given 
by a dental publication, to prevent pain in extracting 
teeth. He had used it It will be found valuable for all 
who must have teeth extracted, for the feeling is sufficiently 
unpleasant even when all is done that can be fcr its re- 
lief: -.Oi.t.H-iy*^' ¥^ ' 

l^lA!^ - 

TmcTDRB of acortte, cblorofi)rm, and alcohol, of each 1 oz. ; mor- 
phine, 6 grs. ; miiL, B'anner op Appucation —Moisten two pledgets 
of cotton with ti^ic^ ii juid, and apply to the gums on each side of 
the tooth to be t "t oted, holding them to their place with pliers 
or Bomeiother comcnient instrument for 5 to 15 minutes, mbbing 
the gum freely inside and out. 











1.0 !fi 




t lis, 12.0 



1.25 1.4 1 A 

■• 6" 





WEBSYER.N.Y. 14580 

(716) 872-4503 






My wife has had six teeth taken at a sitting, bnt thelaft 
two she wished to have out, she could not make up hec 
mind to the work until I promised her it should not hu::t 
in the extraction, which I accomplished by accompanying 
her to Dr. Porter's dental office, of this city, and adminis- 
tering chloroform in the usual way, just to the point of 
nervous stimulation, or until its effects were felt over the 
whole system, at which time the teeth were taken, not 
causing pain, she says, equal to Ipothache for one minute. 
Not the slightest inconvenience was experienced frqm the 
effects of the chloroform. I consider this plan, and so 
does Dr. Porter, far preferable to administering it until 
entire stupefaction, by which many valuable lives have been 

8. DEMTamoB which Removes Tabtabeous Adhesions, Abbests 
Deoat, and Induces ▲ Healtht Action of the Gums.— Dissolve 
1 ounce of borax in 1^ pints of boiling water, and yraen a little 
cool, add 1 teaspoon ot the tincture of myrrh and 1 table-spoon of 
the spirits of camphor, and bottle for use. DiitECTiONS. — At bed- 
time wasl) out the mouth with water ; using a badger's hair brash 
(bristle brushes tear the gams and shonld never be used) ; then 
talce a table-spoon of the dentriflce with as much warm water, and 
rub the teeth and gums well each night until the end is attained. 

9. Tooth Wash— To Bjshovb Blackness.— Pure muriatic acid 1 
oz. ; water 1 oz. ; honey 2 ozs. ; mix. Take a tooth brush and wet 
L freely with this preparation, and briskly rub the blaok teeth, and 
in a moment's time they will be perfectly white ; then immediately 
w^ah out the mouth with water, that the acid may not act upon 
the enamel of the teeth. 

It need not be used often, say once in three or foar 
months, as the teeth become black again, washing out 
quickly every time. Without the washing after its use, it 
would injure the teeth, with it, it never will. This black- 
ness is hard to remove, even with the brush and tooth 

10. Dr. Thompson, of Evansville, Ind., gives the above 
in twenty drop doses, three times daily, for laryngitis or 
bronchitis, taken in a little water, throwing it back past the 

11. Tooth Powder— Excellent.— Take any quantiJy of finely 
pulverized chalk, and twice as much finely pulverized charcoal ; 
make very fine ; then add a very little suds made with Castile 
•oap, and sufilcient spirits of oampbor to wet all to a thi^ paste. 





Apply with the finger, rubbing thoroughly, and it will whiten 
the teeth better than any tooth powder you can buy. 

I noticed the past season, a piece going the rounds of the 
papers, " That charcoal ought not to be used on the teeth." 
I will only add that a daughter of mine has used this pow-* 
der ovt-r six years, and her teeth are very white, and no 
damage to the enamel, as yet. Six years would show up 
the evil, if death was in the pot. Coal from basswood or 
other soft wood is the easiest pulverized. 

ESSENCES. — Druggists' rules for making essences is to 
use one ounce of oil to one quart of alcohol, but many of 
them do not use more than half of that amount, whilst most 
of the pedlars do not have them made of over one-fourth 
that strength. I would hardly set them away if presented. 
I have always made them as follows : 

Peppermint oil 1 oz.; best alcohol 1 pt. And the same amount 
ot any other oil for any other essences which you desire to mtd^e. 
DasE— A dose of this strength of essence will be only from 10 
to 30 drops. 

With most essences a man can drink a whole bottle with- 
out danger, or benefit. Peppermint is colored with tincture 
of tumeric, cinnamon with tincture of red sandal or sanders 
wood, and wintergreen with tincture of kino. There is no 
color, however, for essences, so natural as to put the green 
leaf of which the oil is made into the jar of essence, and 
let it remain over night, or about twelve hou."S ; then pour 
off, or filter if for sale. But if families are making for 
their own use they need not bother to color them at all. 
But many believe if they are high colored they are neces- 
sarily strong, but it has no effect upon the strength what* 
ever, unless colored with the leaf or bark, as here recom- 
mended. Cinnamon bark does in place of the leaf. See 
" Extracts." 

TINCTURES. — In making any of the tinctures in com- 
mon use, or in making any of the medicines called for in 
this work, or in works generally, it is not onlyexpected, but 
absolutely necessary, that the roots, leaves, barks, &c., 
should be dry, unless otherwise directed ; then : 

Take the root, herb, bark, leaf or gum called for, 2 ozs.; and 
broisa it, tiien pour boiling water \ pi upon it, and when cold 



.. ft.; 


81 I 

V <j>add best alcohol J pt., keeping warm for from 4 to 6 days, or let- 
'■^ ting it stand 10 or 12 days without warmth, shaking once or twice 
jf daily ; filter or strain ; or it may stand upon the dregs and be 
carefully poured off as needed. 

With any person of common judgment, the foregoing 
directions are just as good as to take up forty times as much 
space by saying — take lobelia, herb and seed, 2 ozs. ; alcohol 
i pt. ; boiling water J pt., — then do the same thing, over 
and over again, with every tincture which may be called for 
or at least those who cannot go ahead with the foregoing in- 
structions, are not fit to handle medicines at all ; so I leave 
the subject with those for whom the given information is 

In making compound tinctures, you can combine the 
simple tinctures, or make them by putting the diflferent arti- 
cles into a bottle together, then use the alcohol and water it 
would require if you were making each tincture separately. 

Take the best Cuba cigars, smoke one a suflBcient length of time 
to accumulate J or J inch of asheo upon the end of the cigar ; 
now wet the whole surface of the sore with* the saliva from the 
mouth, then rub the ashes from the end of the cigar thoroughly 
into, and all over the sore ; do this three times a day, and in- 
side of a week all will be smooth and well. 

I speak from extensive experience ; half of one cigar 
cured myself when a barber would not undertake to shave 
me. It is equally successful in tetters on other parts of the 
body, hands, &c. r ^^r ^ ' .»^ 4^- ■ T:?v , / - 

Tobacco is very valuable in its place (medicine) — like 
spirits, however, it makes slaves of its devotees. .^^ ,- 

2. Narrow-Leaved (yellow) dock root, sliced and soaked 
. in good vinegar, used as a wash, is highly recommended as 
a cure for tetter, or ring-worm. ^ 

BALSAMS— Dr. R. W. Hutchins' Indian Hiulino, poriterly 
Peceham's Couou Balsam.— Clear, pale rosin, 3 lbs., and melt it, 
adding spirits of turpentine 1 qt. ; balsam of tolu 1 oz. ; bal- 
sam of fir 4 ozs.; oil of hemlock, origanum with Venice tur- 
pentine, of each 1 oz. ; strained honey, 4 ozs. ; mix weWi and 
bottle. Dose — Six to 12 drops ; for a child of six, 3 to ft drops, 
on a little sugar.. The dose can be varied according to tiie 
ability of Uie stomach to bear it, and the necessity of the case. 

It is ft valuable preparation for ooughs, internal p«iii0, or 
Btrains, and works benignly upon the kidneys. 



, or l6t- 

)r twice 
and be 

s much 
iw, over 
died for 
oing in- 
) I leave 
lation is 

bine the 

•ent arti- 

\«ater it 


► Cure.— 
th of time 
[he cigar; 
, from the 
y, and in- 

jne cigar 
to shave 
its of the 

ae)— like 

id soaked 
lendcd as 

[id melt it, 

oz. ; bal- 
l^'enice tur- 

weWi ftnd 
6 drops, 
|ng to the 
\e case. 

p«lii0, or 

2. Doctor Mitchel's Balsam, for Cuts, Bruises, Ac— Fenugreek 
seed and gum myrrh, of each 1 oz. ; sassafras root bark, a good 
handful j alcohol 1 qt. Put all into a bottle, and keep warm for > 
5 days. 

Dr. Mitchel, of Pa., during his life, made great use of 
this balsam for cuts, bruises, abrasions, &o., and it will be 
found valuable for such purposes. 

ARTIFICIATj SKIN— For Burns, Bruises, Abrasions, &g. , Proof 
Against Water. — Take gnu cotton and Venice turpentine, equal 
parts of each, and dissolve them in 20 times as much sulphuric 
ether, dissolving the cotton fu:st, then adding the turpentine ; 
keep it corked tightly. 

The object of the turpentine is to prevent pressure or 
pinching caused by evaporation of the ether when applied 
to a bruised surface. Water does not affect it, hence its 
value for cracked nipples, chapped hands, surface bruises, 
etc., etc, . ' . 

DISCUTIENTS— To Scatter Dwellings.— Tobacco and cicuta 
(water hemlock) leaves, of each 2 oz. ; stramonium (jimpsom), 
and solanum nigrum (garden night shade, sometimes erroneously 
called " deadly " night shade), the leaves, and yellow dock root, 
of each ^ozs.; bittersweet, bark of the root, 3 ozs. Extract the 
strength by boiling with water, pressing out and rebelling, strain- 
ing and carefully boiling down to the consistence of an ointment, 
then add lard 18 ozs., and simmer together. 

It will be used for stiff joints, sprains, bruises attended 
with swelling when the skin is unbroken, -for cancerous 
lumps, scrofulous swellings, white swellings, rheumatio 
swellings, &c. It is one of the best discutients, or scatter- 
ers in use, keeping cancers back, often for months. 

SMALL POX — To Prevent Pitting the Face.— A 
great discovery is reported recently to have been made by a 
surgeon of the English army in China, to prevent pitting or 
marking the face. The mode of treatment is as follows : 

When, in small-pox, the preceding fever is at its height, and 
just before the eruption appears, the chest is thoroughly rubbed 
with Croton Oil and Tdrtaremetic Ointment. This causes the 
whole of the eruption to appear on that part of the body, to the 
relief of the rest. It also secures a full and compleio erupnon, 
and thus prevents the disease from attacking the internal organs. 
This is said to be now the established mode of treatment in the 
English army in^bipa; by general orders, and is regarded as per- 
fectly effectual 


f SB. chase's beoipis. 




It is a well known fact, that disease is most likely to 

imake its attack upon the weakest parts, and especially upoi^ 

1^ places in the system which have been recently weakened hy 

% previous disease ; henc(», if an eruption (disease) is caused 

'£t by the application of croton oil mixed with a little of the 

Tartaremetio Ointment, there is every reason to believe that 

the eruption, in small poz, will locate upon that piirt instead 

of the face. The application should be made upon the 

breast, fore part of the thighs, &c., not to interfere with the 

posture upon the bed. 

It has been suggested that a similar aDplication "vt ill re- 
lieve whooping cough, by drawing the irritation from the 
■ lungs ; if so, why will it not help to keep measles to the 
surface, especially when they have a tendency to the inter- 
. nal organs, called, striking in. It is worth a trial, in any of 
these cas(is. See ^' Causes of Inflammation," unden the 
head of " Inflammation.'* ,11 , , \ 

2. Common Swellings, to Reduce.— Tor^-weed pounded so as 
to mash it thoroughly and bound upon any common swelling, will 
very ooon reduce the parts to their natural size. 

This weed may be kno^yn from its annoyance to sheep 
;?* raisers, as it furnishes a small burr having a dent on one 

side of it. There are two species of it, but the burr of the 
' oiher kind has no dent— is round. It will be found very 

valuable in rheumatism att'^nded with swellings. 

WENS— To Cure. — Dissolve copperas in water to make it 

•■ very stroiig ; now take a pin, needle, or sharp knife and prick 

or cut the wen in about a dozen places, just 8u£C[cient to cause it 

to bleed ; then wet it thoroughly with the coppe.?as water, once 

' daily. '-f :;■■&■:■■?.. 

This followed for four weeks, cured a man residing within 
four miles of this city, who had six or eight of them, some 
of them on the head as large as a hen's egg. The prepara- 1 
tion is also valuable as a wash in^rysipelas. 

BLEEDINGS— Internal AND External— Styptic I 

Balsam. — For internal hemorrhage, or bleeding from the 

. lungs, stomach, nose, and in excessive menstruation or I 

bleeding from the womb is made as ibllows : 

Put sulphuric acid 2J drs. by weight, in a Wedgewood mortarj 
and slowly add oil of turpentine 1 fluid dr., stirring it constantlyj 
with the pestle ; then add slowly ag^in, alcohol 1 fluid dr., a ' 

IIEMC5AL impAmamcr. ' ^ JS^ 

66tLtinne to stir as long as any fumes arise from the mixture, then 
bottle in glass . gronnd stoppered, bottles. It dhonld be a clear red 
color, like dark lood, but if made of poor materials it will be a 
pale, dirt^ red, and unfit for use. Dear — To be given by putting 
40 drops into a teacup and rubbing it thoroughly with a teaspoon 
of 7 Town sugar, and then stir in water until the cup is nearly fhll, 
and drink immediately— repeat every hour for 3 or 4 hours, but its 
use should be discontinued as soon as no more fresh blood ap- 
pears. Age does not fijure it, but a skin forms on the top whioi 
]b to be broken through, using the medicine below it. 

This preparation was used for thirty years, with aQifon|ii 
success, by Dr. Jas. Warren, before he gave it to the pub- 
lic ; since then, Dr. King, of Cincinnati, author of the Bp- 
cletic Dispensatory, has spread it, through that work, and 
many lives have been saved by it. It acts by lessening the 
force of the circulation (sedative power), as also by its as- 
tringent effects in contact with the bleeding vessels. An4 
* the probability is that no known remedy can be as safely 
depended upon for more speedy relief, or certainty of core, 
especially for the lungs, stomach, or nose ; but for bleedings 
from the womb, or excessive menstruation, I feel to give 
preference to Prof. Piatt's treatment as shown in the reoipe 
for '^ Uterine Hemorrhages." No relaxation fropi business 
need be required, unless the loss of blood makes it necessary, 
nor other treatment, except if blood has been swallowed, or 
if the bleeding is froin the stomach, it would be well to g^ivii 
a mild cathartic. Bleeding from the stomach will be dis- 
tinguished from bleeding from the lungs by a sense of weight, 
or pain, and unaccompanied by cough, and discharged b^' 
vomitiDg, and in larger quantities at a time than from the 
lungs. The blood will be darker also,' and often mi.xe4 
with particles of food. 

Exercise in the open air is preferable to inaotiyity ; and if 
any symptoms of reourning hemorrhage show thempelves, 
begin with the remedy without loss of time, and a reason- 
able hope of cure may be expected. * 

2. External Sttftic Remedies.— Take a glazed earthen vessel 
that will stand heat, and put into it water 2^ pts. : tincture 
of benzoin 2 uzs. ; alum ^ lb., and boil for 6 hours, replacing the 
water which evaporates in boiling, by pouring in boiling water 
BO as not to stop the boiling process, constantly stirring. At the 
end of ^.he six hours it is to be filtered, or carefully strained and 
bottled, also in glass stoppered bottles. ArPLiGiTio^--Wet l|i|| 






and lay npon tlid wound, binding with bandages to prevent the 
thickened blood (coagnla) from being removed from the months 
ot the vessels, keeping them in place for 24 to 48 hours will be 

. JIf any doubt is felt about this remedy, pour a few drops 
of it into a vessel containing human blood — the larger the 
quantity of the styptic the thicker will be the blood mass, 
until it becomes black and thick. Pagliari was the first to 
introduce this preparation to public notice. — Eclectic Dis- 
pensatory, e$f|f*?r 

. V S. Styptic Tixctorb— External Application.— Best brandy 2 
ozs ; finely scraped Castile soap 2 drs. ; potash 1 dr. ; mix all and 
shake well when applied. Apply warm by putting lint upon the 
cut, wet with the mixture. 

;* I have never had occasion to try cither of the prepara- 
tions', but if I do it will be the ** Balsam," or " External. 
Styptic" first, and if they should fail I would try the " Tjnc- 
ture," for I feel that it must stop blood, but I also am cer- 
tain that it would make a sore, aside from the cut ; yet, 
better have u sore than lose life, of course. These remedies 
are such that a physician might pass a lifetime without OC' 
casion to use, but none the less important to know. 

BRONCHOCELE— Enlarged Neck— To Curb.— Iodine of potas- 
■ium (often called hydriodate of potash) 2 drs. ; iodine 1 dr. ; water 
2| ozs. ; mix and shake a few minu^, and pour a little into a vial 
for internal use. Dose — Five to 10 drops before each meal, to be 
taken in a little water. External Application. — With a feather 
wet the enlarged neck, Irom the other bottle, night and morniDg, 
until well. • r- t/ 

It will cause the scarf skin to peel off several times be- 
fore the cure is perfect, leaving it. tender ; but do not omit 
the application more than one day at most, and you may 
rest assured of a cure, if a cure can be performed by any 
means whatever ; many cures have been performed by it, 
and there is no medicine yet disoovered which has proved 
fne-hundredth part as suocessful. 

2. But If you are Mriinng to be longer in performing ine cure, iw 
•void the Boreoeas, dissolve the same articlea in alcohol 1 pt., and 
use tne same way, as aoove aescrioea, {i. e.) bocn internal ana 
external. , 

PAIN KILLER— Said to be Perry Davis'.— Alcohol 1 qt. ; gum 
coaiac I oz. ; gums myrrh aud camphor, and cayenne pulver- 
Swd, of each ^ oz.) mix. Shake occasionally Sot a week or 




10 days and let filter and settle for use. Apply freely to smfoc^ 
pains, or it may be takea in teaspoon doses for internal pains, and 

repeat according to necessities. \ > 

If any one can tell it from its namesake, by its looks or 
actions, we will then acknowledge that the old minister, from 
whom it was obtained, was greatly deceived, although he 
was perfectly familiar for a long time with Mr. Davis, and 
bis mode of preparing the pain-killer. 

POISONS— ANxmoTE. — ^When it becomes known that a poison 
had been Bwallowud.stir salt and .ground mustard, of each a heap- 
ing teaspoon, into a glass of water, and have it drank immediately. 
It is the quickest emetic known. , * 

It should vomit in one minute. Then give the whites of 
t.wo or three eggs in a cup or two of the strongest coffee. 
If no cofifee, swallow the egg in sweet cream, and if no 
oream, sweet milk, if neither, down with the egg. 

I have used the mustard, with success, in the case of my 
own child, which had swallowed a '' Quarter" beyond the 
reach of the finger, but remaining in the throat, which to 
all appearances, would soon have suffocated him. I first 
took "granny's plan" of turning the head down and patting 
on the back ; failing in this, I mixed a heaping teaspoon of 
mustard in sufficient water to admit its being swallowed 
readily ; and in a minute we had the quarter, dinner, and 
all ; without it, we should have had no child. 

I knew the mustard to work well once upon about twenty 
men in the boat-yard, on Belle River, Newport, Mich. I 
had been furnishing them with " Switchel" at twenty 
cents per bucket, made by putting about a pound of sugar^ 
a quart of vinegar, and two or three table-spoons of ginger 
to the bucket of water, with a lump of ice. An old man, 
also in the grocery business, offered to give it to them at 
eighteen pence per bucket, but by some mistake, he put in 
mustard instead of ginger. They had a general vomit^ 
which made them think that Cholera had come with the 
horrors of " Thirty-Two,'\but as the downward effects were 
not experienced, it passed off with great amusement, safely 
establishing my custom at the twenty cents per bucket. 

fore I attempt to speak of the inflammation of particular 
VfftOf 1 ahaU UMk^, <^||i^;|^s^to "opon the subject in gen- 





ataif ifhiA. will throw out the necessary light for those Hot 
ftlready informed ; and I would be glad to extend my treat- 
ment to all of the particular organs of the body, but the 
liini^ of the work only allows me to speak of Pleurisy, Iq. 
flamifiation of the lungs, «&c., yet, Eclectic ideas of inflam- 
niaiion are stich, that if we can successfully, treat inflam- 
liiatiou in one part of the system (body), we can, with but 
little modification, succeed with it in all its forms. And 
my general remarks shall be of such a nature as to enable 
iiny judicious person to, successfully, combat with inflamma- 
tions in every part of the system. Then : 

FnUiT. — Inflammation is, generally, attended urith pain, 
iiicfttupd heatj redness^ and swelling. Some, or all of thes^ 
ft%n» dhtays accompany it, according to the strmtwre of the 
organs af^ted. ; %^^'li#p?'') 

6bcond. — The more loose the structure of the organ, 
thd less severe will be the pain ; and the character df the! 
structure also modifies the character of the pain. In mucout 
membranes, it is burning or stinging. In se.-0Ms membranes 
it is lancinating, and most usually very sharp and cutting. 
In jlhroui structures it is dull, aching, and gnawing. In 
nehidus structures, it is quick, jumping, and most usually 
excruciatingly severe ; and in nearly all structures more or 
less soreness is soon present. 

Third. — To make the foregoing information of value, 
it becomes necessary to know the structure of the various 
l^arts of the system. Although the ultimate portions of 
miUolb or flesh, as usually called, is fibrous, yet there is a 
tocfae isdtuhr structure blended with it, which fills up and 
rounds the form to its graceful beauty — hence, here, we 
Lave more swelling, and less severity of pain. With the 
1066, 6r red of the lips, commences the mucoids membrane, 
^hioti forms the lining coat of the mouth, stomach, &c., 
through the whole alimentary canal, also lining the uretha, 
bladder, ureters, vagina, womb, fallopian tubes, &c., hence 
the heat always felt in inflammation of these organs. The 
whole internal surface of the cavity of the body is lined bj 
a terpu$ membrane, which is also reflected ot fold^ upon 
Ihe lungs— bore called pleura (the side}^ hencd i^Uuris;^ 
<^iiiiltiimati<^ of tlie {Heuir a m iidd), afid aisb M§^ vgm 



the tipper side of the diaphragm ; the diaphragm forming a 
partition between the upper and lower portions of the cavity 
of the body, the upper portion containing the lungs, heart, 
large blood vessels, &c., called the chest, more commonly the 
breast — the lower portion containing the stomach, liver, 
kidneys, intestines, bladder, &c., called the abdomen — more 
commonly the bowels. The sides of the abdomen are cov- 
ered with a continuation of this serous membrane, which is 
also reflected upon the lower side of the diaphragm, liver, 
stomach, small and large intestines, bladder, &c., — ^here callea 
peritoneum (to extend around), in all places it secretes^ 
(furnishes) a moistening fluid enabling one organ of the 
body to move upon itself or other organs without friction. 
This serous membrane is thin, but very firm, hence th^' 
sharpness of the pain when it is inflamed, afl it cannot yield r 
to the pressure of the accumulating blood. [ 

Fourth. — The ligaments or bands which bind the differ*; 
ent parts of the body together at the joints, and the grace- 1 
fully contracted ends of the muscles (called tendons) which* 
pass the joint, attaching themselves to the next bone above 
or below, and the wristlet-like bands which are clasped ^ 
around the joints through which these tendons play, as over ' 
a pally, when the joint is bent, are all of a fibrous construe- 1 
tion, hence the grinding or gnawing pains of rheumatism^ 
(inflammations), and injuries at or near joints, and it also 
docounts for that kind of pain in the latter stages of iutestinftl 
inflammations, as the stomach, intestraes, &c., are composed 
of three coats, the external, serous — middle, fibrous, internal, . 
mucous, and when inflammation of the external, or inter- - 
nal, cbats ai'e long continued, it generally involves the middle ; 
—fibrous layer. .„ :, \,.'..s^.,h,r^r .<-,. . 'i,% ^^^.w^^v^M'^ ■ : 

i . . . ■ 1 

Fifth. — The greatest portion of the substance of the 
lungs is Q^ fibrous tissue, consequently, dull or obtuse pain^i 
only, is experienced when inflamedt> ;^t!**;>^ , «^ f 

Lastly. — The nervous system, altJrough of a fibrous 
character, is so indescribably fine in its structure that, like 
the telegraph wire, as soon as touched, it answers with a 
bound to the call ; qtiick as thought, whether pain or pleasure,' 
jumping, bounding, it goes to the grand citadel (^the brain) 
Whioh everiookf the n^Ssst of the wMc \)m^, '^■ 



DR. chase's BEOIPES. 


In genera], the intcneity of the pain attending inflamma- 
tions will surely indicate the violence of the febrile (sympa- 
thetic) reaction ; for instance, in inflammation of the bron- 
chial tubes, the pain is not very severe, consequently not 
much fever (reaction) ; but in inflammation of the pleura 
(pleurisy) the pain is very severe, consequently the febrile 
reaction is exceedingly great. 

Oaubes of Inflammation. — In health the blood is 
carried evenly, in proportion to the size of the blood vessels, 
to eyery part of the body. And the vessels (art'Cries and 
veins) are proportioned in size to the necessity of the sys- 
tem for vitality, nutrition and reparation. Whatever it may 
be that causes the blood to recede from the surface, or any 
considerable portion of it, will cause inflammation of the 
weakest portion of the system ; and whatever will draw the 
blood unduly to any part of the system, will cause inflamma- 
tion of that part, — for instance, cold drives the blood from 
the surface, consequently, if sufficiently long continued, the 
internal organ least able to bear the accumulation of blood 
upon it will be excited to inflammation — a blow upon any 
part, if sufficiently severe, will cause inflammation of the 
injured part. Also mustard poultices, drafts to the feet, &c., 
hence the propriety of their proper use to draw the blood 
away from internal organs which are inflamed. A check of 
perspiration is, especially, liable to excite inflammation, and 
that in proportion to the degree of heat producing the per- 
spiration and the length of time which the person may be 
exposed to the cold. The object of knowing the cause of 
disease is to avoid suffering from disease, by keeping clear 
of its cause ; or thereby to know what remedy to apply for 
its cure or relief. 

There is a class of persons who claim that causes will have* 
their legitimate effects, physical or moral ; physicians know 
that it is absurd physically; that is, when philosophically 
and scientifically combated with, — for instance, a person is 
exposed to cold ; the blood is driven in upon the internal 
organs, and the one which is the least able to bear the pres- 
sure gives way before the invading enemy, and an inflamma* 
tion is the result ; which, if left to itself, will terminate in 
death , out heat and moisture are applied to the oonstringed 
surfaee — the. blood is brought back and held there, and a 



cure is speedily effected-— the natural or physical cffttt of 
the cause is obviated or avoided. 

Then why should it be thought impossible with God that 
a 'nwral remedy should be provided against moral evils ? 
Thanks be to God, it has been provided to the willing and 
ohedienty through our tiord Jesus Christ, but onhf to the 
willing and obedient, morally as well as physically, for if a 
person will not permit a proper course to be pursued to 
overcome the consequences arising to his body from cold, ho 
must suffer, not only the inflammation to go on, but also 
guilt of mtnd for neglecting his known duty. The same is 
true in cither point of view, only it looks so curious that 
there should be those who can reason of physical things, but 
utterly refuse to give up their moral blindness ; the conse- 
quences be upon their own heads. 

Just in proportion to the susceptibility of an organ to take 
on diseased action, is the danger of exposure ; for example, 
if a person has had a previous attack of pleurisy, or inflam- 
mation of the lungs, those organs, or the one which has been 
diseased, will be almost certain to be again prostrated, usually 
called relapse ; which is in most cases, ten Hmes more severe 
than the first attack ; then be very careful about exposures 
when just getting better from these, or other disease. 

Inflammation terminates by resolution^ effusion^ tuppunrob- 
tioUy or mortification. By resolution is meant that the parts 
return to their natural condition; by effusiony that blood 
may be thrown out from the soft parts, or from mucous 
membranes — that lymph^ or serum^ a colorless part of the 
blood may be thrown out by serous membranes, which often 
form adhesions, preventing the after motions of the affected 
parts— and here what wisdom is brought to light, in the 
'fact that whatever is thrown out from the mubctms surface 
never, or at least very seldom adheres or grows up ; if it did, 
any part of the alimentary canal from the mouth to the 
•tomach, and so on through the intestines, would be con« 
•tantly adhering ^ so, also, of the lungs ; for these various 
«rgans are more frequently affected by inflammations than 
any other parts of the body — by sujypurationy when abcesses 
are formed containing pus (matter), or this may take place 
upon the surface, when it is usually called canker, or corroding 
nlceis, cancers, ^. \ by gangrene (mortifioatioD) when deat£ 

Q8. chask'b I^QVia.. 



i\ ^ 

pf itlHl P^l9 takes pJaQe ; in this case, if the part is sofficiently 
eztensive, or if it is an internal part, death of the whole 
bodt, if not relieyed, is the result. 

The methods of inflammatory termination is believed to 
result fiom the grade of inflammation — for instance, at the 
jdroumferenoe of a boil, the inflammation is weak, serum is 
thrown oat; near the centre, where the inflammation is a 
litjble higl^er, lymph is poured out and adhesion takes place ; 
—next pits — at the centre, mori^cation and consequent 
, Aloughiqg takes place. 

* In boils J the tendency is to oappuration ; in carbuncles j the 
tendency in to mortification; but in rheumatism, mumps, 
&o., there is a strong tendency to resolution ; and it is o^n 
- very diCcult to avoid the natural terminations. 

The five different tissues of the body also modify the ip- 
flammation according to the tissue inflamed, viz : the celluhr 
(fleshy) tissue, is characterized by great swelling, throbfeiDg 
pain, and by its suppurating in cavities — not spreading all 
over that tissue. Inflammation of the serous tissue, has 
sharp lancinating pain, scarcely any swelliug, but much 
xeaotion (fever), throws out lymph, and is very liable to 
form adhesion — not likely to terminate in mortification, ex- 
cept in peritonitis ( inflammation of the lining membranes of 
the abdominal cavity), which sometimes terminates thus in 
a few hours, showing the necessity of immediL'-e action. 
Inflammation of the mucous tissue, is characterized by 
burning heat, or stinging pain (hence the heat of the stom- 
aoh, bowels, &o.) — without swelling, not much febrile re- 
action, and never terminates in resolution (health) without 
a copious discharge of mucous, as from the nose and lungs, 
in ooldS) catarrhs, coughs, &c. Inflammation of the dermoid 
(skin) tissue, as in erysipelas, is characterized by burnin* 
pain-rrspreads irregularly over the surface, forming blisters 
bontaialng a yellowish serum, but never forms adhesions, 
nor suppurates in cavities but upon the surface. Inflamma- 
tion of the fihrqus tissue, or rheumatic inflammation, is 
■ characterized by severe aching or gnawing pain— is not 
liable to terminate in suppuration nor raortilication — nearly 
always throwing out a gelatinous serum, often causing siiff- 
iointfi, or depositing earthy matter, as in gout — is peculiarly 
, wle ^ o^Dge its pl^CGi l^o^i ;.yery datigerousif it changes 


imaoMi DsofiarxiEBNi^. 


fa iiiy of the ^t&l organs, as the braih, heftrt, sfomabfe^ ftoty 
and in the aoute form the febrile reaction is usually quite 
severe. Internal inflammation will be known by the con- 
stant pain of the inflamed part, by the presence of f«rver, 
which does not generally attend a spasmodic or norvous 
pdin, and by the position chosen by the patient, to avoid 
pressure upon the afflicted organs. 

Inflammation is known under two heads, dtute and chrMc, 
The first is generally rapid and violent in its course and 
, characteristics. The last is usually the result of the fiiBt—- 
is more slow and less dangerous in its consequencer^ 

Treatment. — Sound philosophy (Eclecticism) teadhes*, 
that if cold has driven the blood (consequtntly the heat) 
from the surface, heat will draw it back ; and thus relieve 
the internal engorgements (over-full organs), and if held 
there, sufficiently long, entirely cure the difficulty (inflam- 
mation) ; upon the same ground, if a person is cold, war^ 
him ; if wet and cold, warm and dry him ; if hot, cool him ; 
if dry and hot, wet and cool him — equalize the circulation 
and pain or disease cannot exist. 

The foregoing remarks must suffice for general directions \ 
bat the following special application to pleurisy andMnflam- 
mation of the lungs shall be sufficiently explicit to enablia 
dll to make their general applications. 

2. Pleueisy. — Pleurisy is an inflammation of the seroitt 
membrane enveloping (covering) the lungs, which is also tq^ 
fleeted (folded) upcKi the parieties ^ sides or walls) of the 
chest [but I trust all will make themselves familiar with 
thd description of '^ Inflammation in General," before fhey 
proceed with the study of pleurisy], attendied with sharp, 
lanciiiating pain in the side, difficult breathing, fever, with 
a quick, full, and hard pulse, usually commencing with a 
chill. In ihany oas6s the inflammation, consequently the 
pain, is confined to one point, most commonly about the 
short ribs J but often gradually extends towards the 
shoulder and forward part of the breast ; the pain increas- 
ing, akid often becoming very violent. It may not, but 
usually if 1, attended with cough, and the expectoration is 
seldom mixed with blood, or very free, but rather of a glairy 
or mucous character. As the disease advances, the pfiiu is 
wmpared tp » stab with a sharp instrument, fuJJ of breathing 

( ( 




'■ : 

not BeiAg indulged in, from itd increasing ild diffidtuty ; the 
cough also aggravates the pain ; great prostration of strength, 
^he countenance expressing anxiety and sufifering. The 
breathing is short, hurried, and catching, to avoid increase 
of pain ; in some cases, tho cough is only slight. It may 
Le complicated with inflammation of the lungs, or bronchial 
tubes, and if so complicated, the expectoration will be 
mixed or streaked with blood. Yet it makes but very little 
difference, as the treatment is nearly the same — ^with the 
oxeeption of expectorants, quite the same; although ex- 
pectorants are not amiss in pleurisy, but absolutely neces- 
W.J in inflammation of the lungs. Even Mackintosh, of 
the '^ Regulars," says : '' It must be recollected that pneu- 
monia (inflammation of the lungs) and pleuritis (pleu- 
risy) frequently co-exist (exist together) ; but neither 
is that circumstance of much consequence, being bo^h 
inflammatory diseases, and requiring the same general 
remedies." But there I stop with him, for I cannot go the 
bleeding, calomel and antimony. I have quot^ed his words 
to satiny the people that the " Kegulars " acknowledge the 
necessity of a similar treatment in all inflammatory diseases, 
the difference between the two branches of the profession 
existing only in the remedies used. 

Causes of Pleurisy. — Cold, long applied, constringes 
(makes smaller) the capillaries (hair-Uke blood-vessels) 
which cover as a net-work the whole surface, impairing the 
circulation, driving the blood internally, causing congestion * 
(an unnatural accumulation of blood) upon the pleura, hence 
pleurisy. Exposures to rains, especially cold rains, cold, 
wet feet, recission (striking in) of measles, scarlet fever, 
rheumatism, &c., often cause inflammation of this char- 

Indioations. — Eelax the whole surface, which removes 
the obstructions — restore, and maintain, an equal circulation, 
and the work is accomplished. The temperature of the 
surface and extremities is mucli diminished, showing that 
the blood has receded (gone) to the internal, diseased, or- 
gans, the temperature of which is much increased ; for with 
the blood goes the vitality (heat j of the body. This condi- 
tion of the system clearly indicates the treatment, vii. : the 
}^pplio^^on of the boat to the surface in, such a w^y M ^: 



('.• .j-.-„ 

. tv 

be able to keep it there until nature is again capable 
ing on her own work, in her own way. 

Treatment. — It has been found that the quickest and least 
troublesome way in which heat could be applied to the whole 
surface, io by means of burning alcohol, formerly called a " Rum 
sweat," because rum was stronger than at present, and more 
plenty than alcohol ; but now alcohol is the most plenty, and 
much the strongest and cheapest. It should always be in the 
house (the 98 per cent.) ready for use as described under the head 
of " Sweating with Burning Alcohol," (which see) or if it is day 
time, and fii'es are burning, you caa give the vapor-bath-sweat, 
by placing a pan, half or two-thirds foil of hot water under the 
chau*, having a comforter around youj then putting into it oc- 
casionally a hot stone or brick, until a frerf perspiration is 
produced and held for from 15 to 30 mhiutes, according to the 
severity of the case ^ and if this is commenced as sbon as the 
attack is fairly settled upon the patient, in not more than one 
c&se out of ten will it be necessary to do anything more ; but if 
fairly established, or if of a day or two's standing, then, at the same 
time you are administering the sweat, place the patient's feet in 
Y ater 3S hot as it can be borne ; have also a strong tea made of 
equal parts of pleurisy-root and catnip, (this root is also called 
white root — Doctors call it asclepias tuberosa)— into a saucer of 
this hot tea put 2 teaspoons of the " Sweating Drops," drinking 
all at one time, repeating the dose every hour for 6 or 6 
hours, using only 1 teaspoon of the drops at other times, except 
the first, giving the tea freely once or twice between doses. As 
soon as the sweating is over, place the patient comfortably in bed 
so as to keep up the perspiration from 6 to 12 hours, or until the 
pain and uneasiness yield to the treatment. If necessary, after 
the patient takes the bed, place bottles of hot water to the feet 
and along the sides, or hot bricks, or stones wrapped with flannel 
wet with vinegar, to help to keep up the perspu'ation. Mustard 
may also be placed over the seat of pain, and upon the feet, also 
rubbing the legs and arms with dry flannel, which very much aids 
the process when the attack. is severe. If the pain continues 
severe, and perspiration is hard to maintain, steep cayenne, or 
common i;ed peppei's in spirits, and rub the whole surface with it, 
well and long, and 1 will assure the blood to come out soon, and 
see what ia going on externally. Keep the patient well covered 
all the time, and avoid drafts of cold air. As the painful symp- 
toms begin to subside, the doses of medicine may be lessened, and 
the time between doses lengthened, until the disease ia fairly under 
control ; then administer a dose of the " Vegetable Physic," or some 
other cathartic, if preferred, or if that is not at hand, this coarse may 
be repeated or modified to meet returning or changing symptoms. 

Wetting the surface daily, with alcohol and water, equal parts, 
will be found an excellent assistant in treating any disease, esp**- 
cially internal inHammations, as Pleurisy, Inflammation of tbf 
LoDgB, Comumption, Bronchitis, &o., &o. > 







Tbo plei^y root is almofiit a specifio in pletirisy or in« 
flammation of the lungs ; no other known root or herb is 
e^ual to it for producine and keeping up perspiration (drug. 
gi9ts nsually keep it), but if it cannot be got, pennyroyal, 
sage, <&o., or one of th«3 mints, must be used in its place. 
The only objection to the foregoing treatment is this, the 

Heigh I I gaess he voen't very sick : / 

^or 866 1 he's round in « doable qnick:'' 
Bat alopath holds 'em for weeks, six or seven, 
When bleeding, ca'omel, and antimony are given. 

To illi^stiate : I awoke one night with severe pain in the 
loft idde (I had been exposed to cold during the afternoon), 
ooidd not move or draw a ^11 breath without very much 
Increasing the difficulty ; the night was cold and fires all 
liqwn, I studied my symptoms for a few minutes, and also 
l^eflected upon the length of time which must elapse, if I 
waited for fires to be built ; then awoke my wife, saying ' Bo 
pot be frightened, I have an attack of Pleurisy j you will 
^t me a comforter, saucer, and the alcohol, and return to 
bed without disturbing any one.' With persuasion, or almost 
compulsion, she did so ; for she desired to build a fire and 
make a more thorough work of it ; but I had'^adp up my 
mi^td and resolved to carry out the experiment upon myself, 
«nd now had the only chance. I arose and poured the 
saucer nearly full of alcohol, and set it on fire ; wrapping 
the comforter around me, I sat down upon the chair, over 
ft, and continued to sit until the alcohol was all burned ont, 
and I in most profuse perspiration ; the pain and diffi- 
cult breathing having nearly all subsided ; I then returned 
to bed, the perspiration continuing for some considerable 
time longer, by retaining the comforter around me to avoid 
cheipking it as I returned to bed, during which timo I again 
fell asleep. When I awoke in the morning I could jusi 
reaKze a little pain, or rather uneasiness, upon taking a 
fuU breath, but did nothing more, being very careful about 
exposure however, through the day ; but at bed time I took 
another alcohol sweat, and that was the last of the pleurisy. 
n : Mr. , a medical student, rooming in the 

8^me house where I lived, awoke in the night, attacked 
sjj^ l4eurisy, the bame as myself, after exposure ; but as 
^&e waa attending thejootoies of alopathio profeiasora; of 

Doarse, hfi must haye one of them to attend tiim ; one ^^ 
oalledf. three pints of blood were taken, calomel and ai^mnony ' 
were freely given, and in about three or four days the 3is- 
ease gave way to time, or the treatment; bT]^t a oodomel- 
Diarrhoea set in, and came very near terminating his life, 
and kept him from college and his studies over six T^edui ; 
and he said if he was ever calomelized again, he would pro- 
secute the doer to the end of his life ; but he graduate^ in 
tha^ school of medicine, and no doubt is now expecting to 
go and do the same thing. Choose ye your servant 'O^p^l 
he be reason, with common-sense results, or shall be h^ 
Bilver-slippered fashion, with his health-daetroyitig pbHcy-? 
It need not be argued that these were not parallel caMS, for 
I had iixe pleuri&y when young, and was treated in ^ 
fashionaole style, and was constantly liable to> and )M 
£requent attacks of it during my earlier life. 

In chronic cases, which sometimes occur, and fireqil(9if)(jr 
under other treatment, it will be necessary not ^oaIt to liiQ 
the foregoing treatment, but to add to it an emetip |i^ut 
once a week, alternating with the sweating process, ^ith 
much external friction, occasionally, with the pepper ancL 
spirits, to hold the blood to the surface. ' ' 

Sinqe the publication of the foregoing^ I have seen 
a«statemeut going the rounds of the '< Papers,'* that ^ b^ 
case of burning had taken place in N. Y., by the ^con^l 
process of sweating, calling it new ; but it has been in UBje 
more than /or(y yeais ; I have used it, I speak safely, more 
than a hmdrediimtsa, and never before heard of its injuring 
any ope ; but still it is possible that some accident maV haVe 
oocorred in its use, or that some one has undertaken it wIm) 
was not capable of prescribing ; but if calomel would elaim 
ow year's use under its most accomplished prescribeirs ,witli 
"•no case of injury, 1 would say, let' it be continued,; btit 
in place of pne it is huna/reds ; further comment is untiece'»- 

But those who preter, or from the absense of alcphdl, or 
other necessities, can take " grandmother's plan," i.e., place 
the feet into hot water, and drink freely of pennyroyal, sage, 
or other hot teas, for til teen to twenty minutes ; then get 
into bed, continuing the teas for a short time, renpiaining tn 
bed for a few hours ; which, if commenced soon afte^ iL9 

1 1 


Dfi. chase's beoipsis; 


. attack of oolds, or even more severe diseases, will, in nine 
oat of ten cases, not only relieve, but prevent days, perhaps 
weeks, of inconvenience and suffering. 

Where there are complications with the substance of the 
lungs, yoa will find explanations under the next head. 

3. Inpt A.MMATION OP THE LuNGS — Is uBually, by phy- 
sicians, called Pneumonia, from the Greek, Pneumon, the 
Lungs. It may involve the whole lung, on one or both 
sides, but is more generally confined to one side, and to the 
}ower portion, than to the whole lung. 

OAtnsES. — ^Exposures to cold, wet, cold feet, drafts of air, 
especially if in a perspiration, recession of eruptive diseases, 
JJBc^, and conseqaently more liable to ccme on in the winter, 
or cold wet changes of spring, than at any other time ; and 
upon those whose lungs are debilitated by previous attacks, 
or are predisposed to, or actually suffering under disease. 

Symptoms. — Inflammation of the Lungs, like other dis* 
eases of an inflammatory character, nearly always commen- 
ces with a chill, soon followed by fever, more or less violent, 
according to which, the severity of the case may be some- 
what predetermined, unless of a congestive character ; in 
which case, instead of a hot and fevered surface, there Will 
be a cold, clammy feel to the hand, as well as unpleasant to 
the patient. There will be difficulty in taking full breaths, 
as well as an increased number of breaths to the minute, 
which in healthy persons is generally about twenty. Lull 
pain, with a tightness of the chest, short and perpetual hack- 
ing cough, scanty expectoration, which is tough, and sticks 
to the vessel used as a spittoon, and is more or less streaked 
with blood, or more like iron rust in color, and may have so 
much blood in it as to make it a brighter red. The pulse is 
variable, so much so that but little confidence can be placed 
. in it. The tongue soon becomes diy and dark ; but a dry, 
and glossy tongue, with early delirium, are considered dan- 
gerous symptoms, that is, under " Old School Treatment." 
Sut with our rational treatment we very seldom have a fatal 
termination, yet it is occasional, and really wondei^t);! that 
it 18 not more frequent, when wo take into accoiint the 
nef^eot of some physicians and imprudence of max^ patiento. 



Indications. — As the blood has receded from tho sur- 
face and centered upon the lungs ; the indications are to 
return it to its original vessels, by judiciously applying heat 
and moisture, which is sure to relax their oonstringed con- 
dition, instead of cutting a hole and letting it run ^hU 
[bleeding], which prostrates the patfcst and retards his 

Treatment. — The treatment of Inflammation of the Longs fai 
recent cases, will be at first the same as for " Pleurli j," tiiat is to 
produce free perspiration — soak the feet in hot water while admln- 
^tering the '^ Alcohol Sweat," or Vapor Bath, as there directed, 
with the white-root tea and " Sweating Drops,'' for several houn, . 
with bottles of hot water or hot bricks to the feet and sides, mus- 
tard-drafts to the feet also, as they can be borne ; and after 6 or 8 
hours, the "Vegetable," or other cathartic should be adminis- 
tered, and great care not to expose the patient to drafts of aur dur- ' 
ing its operation, especially if in perspiration. If this course is 
faithfully persevered in, it will call the blood to the surfaoe — 
prevent congestion of the lungs (unnatural accumulation of blood) 
—lessen the fever — ease the pain, and aid expectoratioo. But u 
the expectoration becomes difficult, and the disease should not 
seem to yield in from 8 to 12 hours at farthest, or by flie time the 
cathartic has freely operated, then, or soon after, give the "Eoleo- 
tic," or " Lobelia-seed Emetic," as directed under that head : and 
if called to a oase which is already confirmed, it is best to begin 
with the emetic, then follow up as above directed in recent oases. 
An expectorant, in confirmed (established) cases will be needed — 
let it be composed of tincture of lobelia 1 oz. ; tincture of IpeoM f 
oz. ; tincture of blood-root \ oz. ; simple syrup or molasses 2Loz8. ; 
mix. Dose — One teaspoon every 2 hours, alternately witih the 
white-root tea and " Sweating Drops," except the first dose may 
be 2 teaspoons. The case must then be watched carefully ; and 
any part or all of the treatment maj be repeated, lesBi^edi 
increased, or modified, to suit returning or remaining sympf , 

Persons having this book in the house, and being governed 
by it, having also the leading medicines on hand ; and eom* 
mencing with this disease, or inflammation of any other 
organs, modifying f£e treatment by common sense, aerord- 
ing to the remarks on " General Inflammation," will not 
have to repeat the course in one case out of ten. 

In inflammation of the stomach, known by heat, aofHurd- 
ing to the degree of tho inflammation, drinks of slipperr-elm 
water, or mucilage of gum arable, &c., may be freely 
taken ; and in inflammation of other organs, other mMifi- 
cations will be i'e(][ ; as for D^senterj, wbigh is tin, in* 



taT^hkmbn 6f tlie laifee intestines, the " rnjechon '''^ must 
b^ ifret^ty liked, aid ailso the per8])iring proocs^s in all oases. 

Iti^ plifonid inflammation, the emetic should be given 
oii^' af week, and some ether times during the week, the 
B#e^t!n^' sheuld be gone through also, with dry friction to 
tfie whole surface, by means of a coarse towel, foi' fifteen to 
twenty minutes each time, twice daily ; and if the feet are 
bftt)ittt&l)y edld, wash them in cold water and wipe them 
dj^ fit b0d tipie, then rub them with a coarse cloth or the 
diy.lMMiird until they are perfectly warm and comfortable; 
and it niay be expected that these long-standing citses will 
80(Ofii yield to this rational course. 


evident fact that the finer the work, and the more compli- 
cated a piece of machinery, the more liable is it to beeome 
deranged or out of order ; and the more skillful must oe 
the mechanic who undertakes to make any necessary re- 

Upon this oonsidei'ation I argue that the system of the 
female i^ t^e finer and morQ complicated, having to perform 
a didiibie work (child-bearing), yet confined to the same or 
IdBS <?*mensions than the male. And to perform this double 
function of sustaining her own life, and giving. life to her 
specie, it becomes necessary, in the »7isdom of God, to give 
her such a peculiar formation, that between the ages of 
fourteen and forty-five, or the child-bearing period, she 
should have a sanguineous (blood-like) monthly discharge, 
from the organs of generation, known under the various 
nameis of monthly sickness, menses, catamenia', courses, 
n^eDBtruation, &c. Why it should have be^n so arranged, 
or nyo^issaiy, npihe can tell. We are left to deal with the 
eti^ie fkct ,' and it would be just as wise in us to say that 
iif^wks' nbt i6, as to say there was no ^i^e who planned it, 
<#itt[j^ bt&er thing, because we cannot see or fully under- 
BtdM th4 great first cause. The blood discharged usually 
amounts ^ from four to six ounces, and should coniimie 
onlyl^om fbur to five days. And as this bookwiUTall 
t6 yerV niany families who will have no other medical woj^k 
for reibi^iicei upon this subject, it will not be iBiimy|;me 
to giv^ tlib necessary instructions here that all NHHW® 
10 iin^iify them^lves to meet the exigencies (mlllpof 

imaoiL DKPARntEHt.' 


all casds. Previous to menstruation, pain or uneasiness ia 
fait in the back, loins, thighs, and a sense of heaviness in' 
the womb, which lies in the lower part of the abdomen. 
Some are verj' nervous at these periods, others with flushed 
face, accompanied with dizziness and headache, sickness at 
the stomach, &c. In young girls, these new feelings pro- 
duce uneasiness, for want of knowledge as to their cause 
and I'esult, and should lead them to seek maternal advice 
and counsel, unless they have some book of this kind which 
dplain^ the whole matter. The breasts, at this period, e^- 
large and often become the seat of uneasiness, or actual 
pain. Let no real danger be apprehended, for these un- 
pleasant sensations will continue until in healthy young 
females there will be a few drops of reddish fluid, resem- 
bling blood, pass from the genital organs, affording imme- 
diate relief, not from its quantity, but from the accomplish- 
ment of their natural work. Owing to their better general 
health, which is improved by the style of living, some girls 
raenstruete a few months, or a year, perhaps, earlier thtal 
others. When they take an active part in the labors, 1^ 
the house, freely romping, playing, &o., their health 06(4 ' 
strength become fully developed, and menstruation comes 
on a little earlier, and is more healthy and regular. 

Allow me here to give a word of caution about taking 
cold at this period. It is very dangerous. I knew a young 
gifl, who had not been properly instructed by her moth^ 
u^n this subject, to be so afraid or ashamed of being fornnd 
\ritli stains upon her clothes, which she did not know* 
the meaning of, that she went to a brook and washed her- 
self and clothes — took cold and immediately became insane 
— remaining so as long as I knew her. Any mother w*ho 
so neglects ner duty to her child, in not explaining these 
things, is verily guilty. 

After this discharge takes place, the unpleasant fe^ling^ ' 
naturally subside, and the health again becomes good for the ' 
month, when all the foregoing sensations reeur ajM|n, 
with a larger flow and longer continued, recui'ring e^ry 
fo6r weeks, and is then called menses or monthly couri^. 

Thi function of the female system, from the fitienCss 
and ccadplication of its structures Js yerj Uuble to become ' 
dera^g^ ju y^rious way/l. ' 





It may be entirely stopped, called amenorrhea (green 
sickness, suppression of the menses, &g.), — it may become 
painful and imperfect (dysmenorrhea)^ — ^it may be very free 
or excessive {menorrhagia)^ like hemorrhage; or it may bo 
irregular in its recurrence and duration (leucorrhea). 

But as this monthly discharge is absolutely necessary to 
health, between these periods of life — its suppression — 
painfulness — excessive flow, or irregularity, will soon produce 
general female debility. 

Causes. — The female organism is such that what^afifeots 
the general system of the male, much more frequently af- 
fects the organs peculiar to her system only. No reason can 
be given for it, except the wisdom of the Creator, or the 
necessities of her construction. But this debility and irreg- 
ularity are so interwoven together that what causes one must 
aecessarily affect the other. \ 

In the good old grandmother-days^ of girls helping with 
the work of the household ; warm but loose clothing, plain 
food, good thick-soled shoes, and absence of novels to excite 
sexual thoughts, &c., such a thing as a feeble, debilitated 
woman or girl was hardly known, but now sedentary habits, 
stimulating food, every conceivable unphysiological style of 
dress, paper-soled shoes, checking perspirixtion, excitable 
reading, repeated colds by exposure going to and from par^ 
ties thinly clad, standing out talking with supposed friends 
(real enemies) when they ought to be by the Are or in bed*, 
masturbation, excessive co-habitation, miscarriages, &c., all 
tend to general debility ; and the real wonder is that there 
are so few cases. 

Symptoms. — The very word debility, shows plainly the 
leading symptom — ^weakness. She appears pale, especially 
about the ears, lips, nose, &c., with a bluish circle about the 
dyes, which appear rather sunken from the fact that the 
eonntenonce is generally bloated, leading her friends to feel 
not over-anxious about her, supposing her to be in good 
health, as she still appears in good flesh ; but if you td^e 
hold of it, it will be found soft and flabby ; she feels dull, 
languid, and drowsy, stomach out of order, nausea, often 
wit^h fluttering about the heart ; the nervous system sfHue- 
tildes beeoraing so much involved as to bring on fits of ^ 
4||«Dfid6noy, leading many to attempt, ^d oocasioDally 86909^ 



in taking their own lives. The feet and limbs may become 
swollen, restless in sleep, often craving unnatural food, on 
clay, soft stones, tea-grounds, &c. There may be a dis- 
charge from these organs of a glairy or whitish fluid, resem- 
bling the white of an egg, the disease taking the name, ia 
this complication of Whites^ fluor alhus or Leucorrheaj &o. ; 
it is more common among married females, but often ocourg 
before marriage. There may also be a sensation of bearing 
down, or even falling of the womb (prolapsus uteri) which 
is much the most common also amongst the married. The 
bowels usually costive, but often griping pains which cause 
much suffering. Pains may occasionally be experienced in 
the head and back ; but instead of being looked upon as 
unfavorable, they rather show that nature is trying to bring 
about the natural <^ischarge, and needs the assistance of 
rational remedies. 

It is not to be supposed that every patient will experience 
all of these symptoms, at one, or all of the time ; but they 
commence as pointed out, and if allowed to go on without 
proper correction, they will increase in severity until they 
may be all experienced in a greater or less degree. 

IndIoations. — The symptoms indicate ( point out) the 
treatment, that is, if there is debility, tonics are required : 
paleness shows that the blood has left the surface and must be 
brought back by heat, friction, &c. The softness of the flesh 
indicatesia more nutritious diet. The dullness and drowsy 
languidness indicate active exercise. Stomach and heart in- 
dicate an alterative cathartic. The nerves require soothing 
and quieting remedies, travel, agreeable company, &c., to 
draw the mind away from self. The glairy mucous discharge, 
indicates an inflammation, and calls for washings of the parts 
by cooling and astringent injections, both as an act of clean- 
liness, as also of cure. The falling of the womb points out 
the necessity of a pessary support, until the general treai> 
ment relieves the difficulty. Costiveness points out laxatives, 
whilst nature's efiforts, shown by pains in the head, back, 
&c., clearly indicate the whole general remedies abQVe 
pointed out ; and which shall be a little more partioukriy^d 
in the following: 

Tbbatment.— For the weakness and general debility of ^ 
j^atiMt^ let the "Tonic Wine Tincture '^ be freely taken inoo4> 






neotion with Iron to strengthen and invigorate the svstera ; bcth- 
root, [often called birtb-root, Indian-balm, gronnd-lily, Ac], the 
root is the part used, Solomon's seal and columbo, spikenard, 
comtrcj, f>^entian, the roots, with comomilo flowers, of each 1 oz. ; 
with a little white oak bark, may be added to the wine tincture 
to adapt it to tbfse particular cases, taking a wine-glass, if it 
can be borne, from 3 to 5 times daily. Domestic wine may bo 
used in place of the Port. The best way to take the iron is to 
have a toot or two of nail rod heat, then filled up, mixing with it 
as mqcb ground ginger, rubbing them thoroughly together. 
DosB— Qalf of 1 teaspoon 3 times daily, in a little honey or 
molasses, increasing or lessening the dose to produce a black- 
ness of the stools ; and continue these preparations for 2 or 3 
months at least, or until well. Using for the paleness, warm 
jb^thing once or twice a week with dry hard rubbings of the 
who][9 surface, night and morning, which brings the blood to the 
surftce, relieving the engorged fnternal organs. Moderate quan- 
tities of broiled pork, roast beef, mutton, &c., with cold bread 
and roast or baked potatoes, to overcome the softness of 'the 
flesh, and give strength for tho necessary exercise which i will 
renove the dullness and drowsy languid feelings. This exercise 
may be labor about the house, but better to be out of doors, as 
g&rdening, romping, swinging, singing and riding, or running 
when it can be borne, with agreeable company, travel, &o. For 
th^ stomach, heart and costiveness, make the following : 

2. Femalu iiAXATTVE PiLL. — Aloes, macrotin, and cream of tar- 
tar, of each 2 drs. : podophylin, 1 dr. ; make into common sized 
pills by usin^ oil of peppermint 15 to 20 drops and thick solution 
of gum mucilage. Dose — One pill at bed-time, and sufficiently 
often to keep the bowels just in a solvent condition. 

If the aloes should not agree with any, they may use the follow* 

3. Female Laxative and Anodtne Pill. — ^Macrotin and rhubarb, 
of each ten grs. ; extract of hyoscyamus 10 grs. j Castile soap 40 
028. ; scrape the soap and mix well together forming into common 
Bizea pills with gum solutioQ. Dose — One pill as the oth^, or 
Bufficienily open to keep the bowels solvent, but not too fi'ee. The 
hyoscyamus tends^tp quiet t|ie nerves without constipating the 
bowels. / 

To sooth and quiet the nervous system and pains, if v6ry violent, 
when th0 courses commence or during their progress, make the 
following : 

4. Pill for Painful Menstruation. — ^Anodyne.— Extract of 
jBtramonium and sulphate of quinine, of each 16 grs. ; macrotin* 
6 grs. ; morphine 1 ^r. ; make into eight pills. Dose— One pill, 
repeating once or twice only, 40 to 60 minutes aparb, if the pain 
does not subside before this time. The advantage of tbis pill is 
that costiveness is not increased, "nd pain must ^.u]bsid)9 un^e/r its 

^tfoxi.<--]liu}iotin; PodophyUn, fta, are Kq;>t by aU Edectio FbTRiciaaa 




6. Tba^— iNJicmoN FOR Lkuoorbhba.— When the glairy mncnB 
discharge is present, prepare a tea of hemlock, inner bade, aQd 
fdtch hazel (often called spotted alder), leaves and bark, have a 
female syringe sufficiently large to fill the vagina; and inject the 
tea, twice daily ; and occasionally, jn bad cases, say twice a we<^.!*;| 
Iniject a syringe of the following : 

6. Injection for Chronic, Female Complaints. — White vitriol 
and sngar of lead, ^ oz. ; common salt, loaf sugar, and pulverized 
alum, of each ^ dr. ; soft water 1 pt. Simmer all over a slow fire 
for 10 or 16 minutes ; when cool strain and bottle for use, keeping 
well corked. Inject as mentioned in the paragraph above, hol(^ 
ing the syringe in place for a minute or two at least. This iigec- 
iion is valuable for G — p, with males, as also, for females. 

7. In cases of falling of the womb ; not only the cheapest, bat 
the best pessary will be found to be a piece of fine, firm sponge, 
cat to a proper size to admit, when damp, of being pressed up the 
vagina to hold the womb to its place. The sponge should have a 
Btout piece of small cord sewed two or three times through its 
centre, up and down, and left sufficiently long to allow of its bemg 
taken hold of to remove the sponge, once a day or every other 
day at farthest, for the purpose of washing, cleaning, and using 
tiie necessary injections ; and this must be done while the patient 
is lying down to prevent the womb from again falling or prolap- 
sing. After having injected some of the "Tea" as above, wet the 
sponge in the same, and introduce It sufficiently high to hold the 
womb to its piuce. 

But in the less complicated cases, when the pain in the heaA, 
back, loins, &o., indicate that nature is making an effort to bring 
on the courses ; besides the tonic bitters, iron-filings, tepid bal- 
ing and friction, exercise, &c., the difficulty being more in th« 
constiinged condition of the vessels of these organs, I woul^ say, 
a few days oefore the period when the menses should appear, ha?e 
prepare'', the following : 

8. Emenagooue Tincture. — Alcohol 1 pt. ; re^ oxide of iron 1 ok ; 
oils of juniper and savin, of each | oz. ; oil of tanzy ^oz. ; tinctiire 
of ergot 3 drs. : tincture of Spanish flies ^ oz. } mi^ all and fl^alfe 
wl^en taken. Dose — One teaspoon three times daily, to Jt^o ial^en 
hi mucilage of slippery elm or gum arable, and drink freely of 'the 
mucilage also, through the day. Or the following : 

9. Emenaoogue PiLL.-*-Precipitated carbonate of iron and gum 
myrrh, of each 2 drs. ; aloes, and tincture of Spanish flies, of each 
1 dr. ; and oil of savin ^ dr. All to be pulverized and made into 
one hundred pills by using thick gum solution. Dose. — One pill, 
from one to 3 times daily, but not to move the bowels unpleasantly. 

If the patient is troubled, in the least, with piles, the 
"Tinoture" of the preceding recipe will be preferable ; if 
not, the " Pill " is best. 




One thing is very evident in these cases of debility ; the 
blood is deficient in iron ; consequently that article should 
enter largely into any medicine intended for its relief; and 
in most cases the iron filings and ginger will be found, con* 
tinned for two or three months, all the medicine required; 
and that must not be omitted nor neglected, in any case 
whatever. Iron is the main spoke in these female wheels, 
-and very valuable in general debility of males as well as 

For real hemorrhage, which may be known by the coagu. 
lation (clotting) of the blood, as the menstrual fluid does 
not copgulate but is absorbed into the clothes, see " Uterine 
Hemorrhage," or the " Styptic Balsam," but for profuse or 
long continued flowing or wasting, use the following : 

10. Powder for Excessiyb Flooding.— Gums kino and catchu, of 
eaeh 1 dr. ; sugar of lead and alum, of each ^ dr. ; pulverke all 
and thoroughly mix, then divide into 7 to 10 grain powders. 
DfNSE— One every 2 to 3 hour** until checked, then less o. 9n, merely 
to control the flow. 

If any female into whose hands this book shall come, will 
oarefully study and use the foregoing remarks and prescrip- 
tions, and is not an hundred times better pleased with the 
resnlts than she would have been by calling half the physi- 
cians of the day, I should be very much disappointed, and 
I would be sure that the remedies did not have their com- 
mon effects ; which I feel will not be the case from the great 
good they have many times already done ; besides, they 
save the delicacy of exposures, in many instances, and always 
SAve the delicacy of conversing with and explaining their 
virious feelings and conditions, to ond of the opposite sex. 
^ So highly it portant is this fact, and that the information 
should become general, every girl over thirteen years of 
oi^t to be fumished with one of Dr. Chase's boojjk 

.§^f ■■ "^ 

,.'j' '^tt 


■*-*.itUt!r..*'<i-:- «-«».«..»« 

. .v»,. 

t.MA .»M 



OOLORS.^Best Color for Boot, Ssots, and Harness Edob, 
AND Ink which cannot Fueeze. — Alcohol 1 pt : tincture of iron li 
oz. ; extract of logwood 1 oz. ; nutgalls, pulFerized, 1 oz. ; aon 
water, \ pt. ; mix. Or : 

2. Take alcohol, 1 pt: extract of logwood and tincture of iron, 
of each 1 oz. : nutgalls. pulverized, 1 oz. ] and sweet oil ^ oz. ; 

mix. >^.-^-^ 

I have found Bhoemakers using these colors^ each think- ^ 
ing he had the best color in the world. The sweet oil is * 
believed to prevent the hot iron froiu sticking, and to make 
a better polish. . 

The first one makes a very passable ink for winter use, 
by carrying a quick hand to prevent it from spreading in 
the paper, from the presence of the alcohol, which, of course, 
is what prevents it from freezing, and that is the only arga- 
ment in favor of it as an ink for writing purposes. 

8. Cheap CoiiOR for the Edqe. — Soft water 1 gal. j extract ol 
logwood 1 oz.; and boil them until the extract is dissolved, then 
remove from the fire and add copperas 2 ozs. ; bi-chronwte of pot- 
ash and gum arable, of each ^ oz. ; all to be pulverized. 

This makes a cheap and good color for shoe or harness 
edge, but for cobbling or for new work, upon which you do 
not wish to cse the " hot kit," but finish with heel ball, you 
will find thii'<. if, as you pour this out into the bottle to use, you 
put a table-s})oon of lamp-black to each pint of it, it wiU 
make a blacker iivnd nicer finish. It makes a good color for 
cheap work, bu^: for fine work, nothing "will supersede the 
first colors given. This also makes a very good ink for 
writing purposes, if kept corked to avoid evaporation, which 
makes it gummy or sticky. Sec also " Grain Side Blacking." 

4. Sizing for Boots and Shoes, in Treeing-out.— Take water 
1 qt, and dissolve in it, by heat, isinglass 1 oz.. adding more 
water to make up for evaporation ; when dissolved, add starch 
6 ozs. ; extract of logwood, bees'vax, and tallow, of each 2 ozs. ; 
and continue the heat until all is melted and well n^ixed. Rub 
the starch up first, by pouring on sulQcient boiling waTe^ f^r th%| 




II MikeB boots and shoes soft and pliable, ^^PPlying it 
when treeing-out, and is especially nice to clean up work 
which has stood long en the shelves. •.. i.. 

6. WatbrtProop Oil-Pastb Blackino.— Take camphene 1 pt.> 
and put into it all the India-rubber it will dissolve ; when dis- 
Rolved, add curriers^ oil 1 pt. ; tallow 6 lbs. ; lamp-black 2 ozs. ; 
mix thoroughly by heat. 

This is a nice thing for old harness or parriage-tops, as 
well as for hoots and shoes. Or you can dissolve the rubber 
iin the oil by setting them in rather a hot place for a day or 
two ; and save the expense of camphene, as that is of no use 
only as a solvent to the rubber. There are those, however, 
kWho do not like to use the rubber^ thinking it rots the 
leader; then use the following: 

6. Water-Proop Paste without Rubber. — Take tallow 1 lb.; 
beeswax \ lb. ; castor or neat's foot oil ^ pt. ; and lamp-black \ oz. ; 
mix by beat. Or: ' 

7. Neat's-Foot Oil, brought to a proper consistence with 
a little beeswax and tallow \ colored with lamp-black, will be 
£>and proof against snow or water. 

8. Some, however, may prefer the following manner of 
preserving their boots and shoes, from a correspondent of 
the Mechanics^ Gazette ; but if they do the boots must be 
made large, from the fact that the preparation has a ten- 
dency to shrink the leather. He says : — " I have had only 
thiree pairs of boobs for the last six years (no shoes), and I 
think I shall not require any more the next six years to 
oomOj the reason is, that I treat them in the following man- 

I " I put 1 lb. of tallow and \ lb. of rosin in a pot on the fire ; 
When melted and mixed, I warm the boots and apply the hot staff 
with a painter's brush, until neither the sole nor the upper will 
Boak in any more. If it is desired that the boots should immedi- 
ately take a polish, dissolve 1 oz. of wax in spirits of turpentine, 
to which add a teaspoon of lamp-black. A day after the boots 
havi) been treated with the tallow and rosin, rub over them this 
wax in turpentine, but not before the fire. 

" Thus, the exterior will have a coat of wax alone, and 
will shine like a mirror. Tallow or any other grease becomes 
rancid, and rots the stitching as well as the leather, but the 
rosin gives it that antiseptic quality which preserves the 
T»hole. Boots and shoes should b« wade so large »g to ad- 



ke tallow 1 lb.: 

mit of working cork soles. Cork is so bad a conductor of 
heat, that with it in the boots, the feet are always warm on 
the coldest stone floor." 

9. Black Varnish for Edge.— Take 98 per cent, alcohol 1 pt : 
Bhellac 3 ozs. ; rosin 2 ozs. ; pine turpentine 1 oz ; lamp-black J 
oz. ; mix, and when the gums are all cut, it is ready to use ; but 
bear in mind that low proof alcohol will not cut gums properly, i 
for any varnish. .4: 

This applied to a boot or shoe edge, with a brash giveq 
it the shining gloss res*. sibling much of the Eastern work. 
It is also applicable to wood or clotb requiring a gloss, 
after having been painted. ^ ^ . , ■- 

10. Varnish for Harness, the Best in Us«. — Take 98 per cent, 
alcohol 1 gal. ; white pine turpentine 1^ lbs. ; gum shellac 1} 
lbs. ; VeDice turpentine. 1 gill. Let this stand in a jug in the sun 
or by a stove until the gums are dissolved, then add sweet oil 1 
gill, and lamp-black 2 ozs. ; rub the lamp-black first with a little 
of the varnish. 

This varnish is better than the old style, from the fact 
that its polish is as good, and it does not crac^ when tli6 
harness is twisted or knocked about;"^^ ''' ''^ ♦^^'^ ^^ 

If you wish a varnish for fair leather, make it as the 
ibove, in a .clean jug, but use no lamp-black. The pine 
lurpentine and sweet oil make it pliable, yet not sticky. 

fyp, AND Harness, in from Six to Thirty Days. — For a 12 lb. 
£alf skin, take terra-japonica 3 lbs. ; common salt 2 lbs. ; alum 
1 lb. ; put these into a. copper kettle with sufOicient water to dis- 
Bolve the vhole by boiling. 

The skin, or skins, will first be limed, L. ed, and treated 
in every way as for the old process ; then it will be put 
into a vessel with sufficient water to cover it, at which time 
you will put in one pint of the composition, stirring it well ; 
adding the saiLe amount each night and morning for thr^ 
days, when you will add the whole ; handling two or three 
times daily all the time tanning ; you can continue to use. 
the tanning liquid by adding half the quantity each time^ 
of new liquor, and by keeping these proportions for any 
amount, and if you desire to give the leather the appearance 
of bark color, you will put in one pound of Sicily sumac.'* 

Kip skins will require about twenty days, light horse 
bides for hurness, thirty days, to make good leather, whib 

' "■^.."rrA, :; 





calf skins will only require from .six to ten days at most. 
The japonica is put up in large cakes of about one hundred 
and fifty pounds, and sells, in common times, at about four 
oonts per pound in New York. 

Byron Eose, a tanner, of Madison, 0., says that one 
quart of oil of vitriol to fifty sides of leather, with the japon- 
ica and alum, as above, leaving out the salt, will very much 
improve it ; the acid opens the pore«, quickening the process 
without injury to the leather. 

2. Canadian Process.— The Canadians make foui* 
liquors in using the japonica : r ' 

The FWST liquor is made by dissolving, for 20 sides of upper ; 
15 lbs. of terra japonica in sufBcient water to cover the upper 
being tanned. The SECOND^liquor contains the same amount of 
japonica and 8 lbs. pf saltpetre also. The Tiintn contains 20 lbs. 
of japonica, and 4^ lbs. of alum. The F(xurtb liquor contains only 
15 lbs. of japonica, and 1^ lbs. of sulphuric acid ; and the leather 
remains 4 days in each liquor for upper ; and for sole, the quanti- 
ty and time are both doubled. They count 50 calf slsins in place 
of twenty sides of upper, but let them lie in each liquor only 

3. Dbbr Skins— Tannins and Buppino i^or Glov^S,— For each 
skin take a bucket of water, and put into it 1 qt. of lime ; let the 
skin or skins lay in from 8 to 4 days ; then rinse in clean 
wa;ter, hair and grain ; then soak them in cold water to get oat 
the glue ; now scour or pound in good soap suds, for half an 
hour ; after which take white vitriol, alum and salt, 1 table- 
spoon of each to a skin ; these will be disbolved in 8ufi9cient water 
to cover *the skin and remain in it for 24 hours ; wring out as 
dry as convenient ; and spread on with a brush | pt. of curriers' 
oil, «nd hang in the sun about 2 days; after which you will 
scour out the oil with soap suds, and hang out again until pe^ 
fectly dry ; then pull and work them until they are soft ^ and if 
a reasonable time does not make them soft, scour out m suds 
again as before, until complete. The oil may be saved by pour* ^ 
ing or taking it from the top of the suds, if left standing a short 
time. The buff color is given by spreading yellow ochre evenly 
AVer the surface of the skin, when finished, rubbing it in well 
With a brush. -^ ; . ^,.. ... 

The foregoing plan was pitrsucu for a ni. nber oi years Dy 
• brother of mine, and I have worn the gloves and know 
the value of the recipe ; but there are plans of using acid, 
and if the quantity is not too great there is no reason in the 
world why it may not be used, the only caution necessary is 
to see that the strength of acid does not kill the nature of 




the leather ; in proper quantities it tans only, instead of 
destroying the fiber. I will give a couple of the most yala- 
ablo methods. 

4. Tanning wtth Acid.— After having removed the Iiahr, scour- 
ing, soaking, and pouadiog in the Buds, &c., as in the last recipe, 
in place of the white vitriol, alum, and salt, as there mentioned, 
take oil of vitriol (sulphuric acid), and water, e^ual parts of each, 
and thoroughly wet the flesh-side of the slcin with it, by meaifS of 
a sponge or cloth upon a stick ; then folding up the skin, letting it 
lie for 20 minutes only, having ready a solution of sal-soda and^ 
water, say 1 lb. to a bucket of water, and soak the sidn or skins 
in that for 2 hours, when you will wash in clean water and apply 
a little dry salt, letting lie in the salt over night, oc that length of 
time ; then remove the flesh with a blunt knife, or, if doing busi- 
ness on a large scale, by means of the regular beam and flesh- 
knife ; when dry, or nearly so, soften by pulling and rubbing with 
the hands, and also with a piece of pumicenstone. This, of course, 
is the quickest way of tanning, and by only wetting the skins with 
the acid, and soaking out in 20 minutes, they are not rotted*^ 

6. Another Method. — Oil of vitriol } oz. ; salt 1 teacup ; milk 
sufficient to handsomely cover the skin, not exceeding 2 qtB. ; warm 
the milk, then add the salt and vitriol, stir the skin in the liquid 40 
minutes, keeping it warm ; then dry and work it as directed in 

No. 4. ; jteJ-.ji r,,xv ,<S.)^^^iii •; 

6. Tanning Shbep-Skins, Applioable fob Mittbns, 
Door-Mats, Bobes, &o. — For mats, take two long-wooled 
skins, make a strong suds, using hot water ; when it is oold 
wash the skins in it, carefully squeezing them between the 
hands to get the dirt out of the wool ; then wash the soap 
out with clean oold water. Now dissolve alum and salt, of 
each half a pound, with a little hot water, which put into a 
tub of cold water sufficient to cover the skins, and let them 
eoak in it over night, or twelve hours, then hang over a pole 
to drain. When they are well drained, spread or stretch 
carefully on a boai-d to dry. They need not be tacked if 
you will draw them out, several times, with the hand, while 
drying. When yet a little damp, have one ounce, each, 
of saltpetre and alum, pulverized, and sprinkle on the flesh- 
side of each skin, rubbing in well ; then lay the flesh-sides 
togecher, and hang in the shade for two or three days, turn- 
ing the under skin uppermost every day, until perfectly dry. 
Then scrape the flesh-side with a blunt knife, to remove any 
remaining scraps of flesh, tdm off projecting points, and rub 

I /. 

sift- ^ itti. cmsE*s beomis. )^ ^ 

iiand ; they will be very white and beautiful, suitable for 
a foot-mat, also nice in a sleigh or waggon of a cold day. 
They also make good robes, in place of the buflfalo if col- 
ored, and Bfewed together. And lamb-skins (or sheep-skins, 
if tbe Wool is trimmed off evenly to abott one-half or three- 
fourths of an inch in length), m^e most beautiful and warm 
mittens for ladies and gentlemen. 

f ' 7. Tanning Fur and Other Skins.— Fifty Dollar 
itsciPE. — First, Kemove the legs and other useless parts, 

%t^ soak the skin soft; then remove the fleshy substancefc 
and sojJt in vraim water for an hour j now : 

Take for each skin, borax, saltpetre, and glauber-salts, of each | 
oz.» and diaeolve or wet with warm water sufScient to allow it to be 
spread on the flesh-side of the Bkia. ., . , ^ ^ , ' 

Put it Oil with a brush, thickest ih tfi^ i^iitre Ar ihicl^est 
part of the skin, and double the skin together, flesh-side in, 
keeping it in a cool place for twenty-four hours, not allow- 
ing it to freeze, however. 

Second, — Wash the skin clean, and then : ^^ ^^ ^^ 

Take sal-soda 1 oz. ; borax ^ oz. ; refined soap 2 ozs. (Colgate's 
white soap is recommended as the best, but our " White Hard 
S6ap " Is the same quality) ; melt them slowly together, being 
Cftrefiil not to allow them to boil, and appl;^ the mixture to \M 
flesh-Bide as at first — ^roU up again and keep in a warm place for 
24 hours. 

Third, — Wash the skin clean, as above, and have salerit- 
tus two ounces, dissolved in hot rain water sufficient to well 
saturatd ihe skin, then : 

Talfce atum 4 ozs. ; salt 8 o^s. : and dissolve in hot raih Wat6r ; 
%hen sufficiently cool to allow tne handling of it without scalding, 
ptit*!u tbe skiii for 12 hours ; then wring out the water and hang 
up for 12 hours more to dry. Repeat this last soaking and drying 
from 2 to 4 times, according to the desired softness of the skin 
when finished. 

Lastly, — Finish by pulliiig, working, &c., and finally by 
rubbing with a piece of pumice-stone and fine sand-paper. 

This works admirably on shpep-skins as well as on fur- 
skins, dog, cat,. or wolf-skins also, making a durable leather 
well adapted to washing. 

A ilian in our county padd fifty ddllars for (Ms recipe, aiid 


fidS^iWade his money out of it maiif tiM^. t#i fiy^^u- 


—Prepare the skin according to the last recipe, then : 
Take oil of vitriol 1 02. ; salt 1 pt. ; milk 3 qts. ; mix. 

Now dip the skin in warm rain water, having sufficient 
sileratus m it to make it rather strong, or as in the third 
head of last recipe, and work and squeeze it well for a few 
minutes^ then wring dry as convenient and put it into the 
vitriol mixture for fifty minutes, stirring all the time ; now 
wring out and soak awhile ; and finally dry and wotk uhti) 

barrel and put into it quite a quantity of old iron, east or wrought, 
then fill nearly fiill of soft water, and add 1 pt. of oil of vitriol ; 
stir it up well, and in a month or two you have just as good 
blackiog for the grain-side as could be made by using vinegar in 
place of water. 

This makes good blacking for boot, shoe, or harness edge, 
also. The acid used is so trifling that no injury will arise 
to the leather. 

Tanners will, of course, first apply the urine before ap- 
plying the blacking, saving from ten to twenty dollars 
yearly, in this way, instead of the old plan of using vitiegar. 

iO. FBEsfoH FjNiBH FOR Lba*h!er. — Take a common 
wooden pail of scraps (the legs and pates of calf-skins ai*© 
the best), and put a handful each, of Salt ahd pulverize^} 
alum amongst them and let them stand three days ; then 
boil them utftil you get a thick paste ; in usiilg you will 
warm it ; in the first application, put a little fallow with it, 
aiid fo5f tfre second, a little soft soa^, and nsd iiitt the iiftgi- 
lar m'f of finishing, andyOur leathei* will be soft and plia|ley 
like the French calf-skin. }.,,<;. ,fu 

t httvB no doubt that this would m^ke a good preparatiofl^ 
fo^ ehOemakeris to use in treeing-out, leaving a soft pliable^ 
ness^ not otiberwise obtained. 

li. S*aiNO]^ I*Atent 1jea1p6er.— Thft process which hai 
been so successfully adopted by the French artizans in glaz- 
ii^ l^t^t, so a^ to give it the repute for dupelrid^ eualiiy 
aid Uiidf MWk it no^ tznii^aj]^ swltaim, is m fcttoWs ; 



\ ( 







Work into the skin with appropriate tools three or four succes* 
Bive coatings of drying varnish, made by boiling linseed oil, with 
white-lead and litharge, in the proportion of one pound of each of 
the latter to a gallon of the .^rmer, and adding a portion of chalk 
or ochre — each coating being thoroughly dried before the applica- 
tion of the next lyorj^ black is then substituted for the chalk or 
ochre, the varnish thinned witi spirits of turpentine, and five 
additional applications made in the same manner as before, except 
Chat it is put on thin and not worked 5a. I'he leather is rubbed 
down with pumice-stone, in powder, and then planAii in a room at 
90 degs., out of the way of dust. The last varnish is prepared by 
boiling } lb. of asphaltum with 10 lbs. of the drying oil used in 
the iSrst step of the process, and then stirring in 5 lbs. of copal var- 
nish and 10 lbs. of turpentine. 

It must have a month's age before it is fit for use, in 
order to exhibit its true oharaoteristios. — U, S» Gazette. 


•«•*..■.. 'Jl'sl 



DRYING OILS.— To Prepare for Carrugb, Wacm>n, and Floob 
PAiM-nNO.— Take linseed oill gal., and add gum shellac 2 lbs.; 
litharge i lb. ; red lead \ lb. ; umber 1 oz. Boil slowly, 2 or S 
hQurs, until the gums are dissolved. 

Qrind your paints in this (any color) and reduce with 
turpentine. Yellow ochre is used for floor painting. This 
dries quick and wears exceedingly well. . ^, ^ , _ 

* " " .,4iF,j^ i;tUiii .^;^^, i,i^.. 

;2. Drtdjo Oil, Equal to the Patent Dryers. — ^Linseed oil 2 
gals., and add litharge, red-lead and umber, of each 4 ozs., and 
sugar of lead and sulphate of zinc, of each 2 ozs. 

Boil until it will scorch a feather. Use this or either of 
the others, in quantity Josmttibie^ object of th§ woirk being 
dcae. ..•^.■. --, 

4>, VTapan Dryer op the Best Qdality.— Take linseed oil 1 gal. 
and put into it gum shellac f lb. ] litharge and burned Turkey 
umber, of each ^ lb. : red-lead \ lb., and sugar of lead 6 ozs. 
Boil in the oil until all are dissolved, which will require about 4 
bpun ; remove from the fire, and add spirits of tur^en^e 1 gal., 
and it is done. 

While in Princeton, Ind., after Belling one of my boob 
to T. & J. T. Ewing, extensiye oariiage ma&u&cituiers of 



that place, I dbtainecl the foregoing recipe. It was pub- 
lished in a work printed in Columbus, 0., devoted to the 
art of painting. From this fact, and also ^.hat the gentle- 
men from whom I obtained it, had tested it, and were using 
it, I have not myself tried il, but know, from the nature of 
the articles used, that nothing; better will be required. 

4. Another.— Another dryer is made by taking linseed oil 5 
gal8., and adding red-lead and litharge, of each 3^ lbs. ; raw 
umber 1^ lbs. ; sugar of lead and sulphate of zino, of each ^ lb. ; 
pulverize all the articles together, and boil in the oil until dis* 
solved ; when a little cool, add turpentine, 5 gals., or to make it 
of a proper consistence. 

The gentleman of whom I obtained this recipe paid ten 
dollars for it. He was using it successfully, and said he 
used two or three drops of it to a quart of varnish aHadj and 
especially when the varnish did not dry readily. 

OIL-PAINT— To Reduce wrra Water.— Take gum shelhc 1 lb.; 
gal-soda } lb.: water 3 pts.; put all into a suitable kettle and boil, 
Btlrring till all is dissolved. If it does not all dissolve, cM a little 
more sal-soda ; this, when cool, can be bottled for use. If it 
Bmells bad when opened it docs not hurt it. 

Directions for Using. — Mix up two quarts of oil paint 
as usual, except no turpentine is to be nsed — ^any color de< 
sired. Now put one pint of the gum shellao mixture with 
the oil paint when it becomes thick, and may be reduced 
with water to a proper consistence to lay on with a brush. 
Two coats will be required, and with the second coat, sand 
may be applied if desired. I used this upon a picket-fence 
with white lead and yeDow ochre for the body and a little ^■ 
lamp-black, to give it a dark shade, putting on sand with 
the second coat. It is still firm and good, the work being 
done nearly four years ago. 

The sand was applied with a tub-like box, with many 
small holes to allow the even spreading of the sand, as with 
a pepper-box. I do not regret using this kind of paint, not 
Ihd sanding, as it adds much to the durability of any out- 
door painting. But a better plan of sanding is represented 
*a the "Paintsrs* Sanding Apparatus " below. 

2. Another Method. — Take soft water 1 gal., and dissolve in ii 
pearlat^ 3 ozs. ; bring to a boil, and slowly add shellac 1 lb.; when 
cold it is ready to be added to oil-paint, in eq^ual proportions. The 
«xpeiue of these is only one-third of oil-paint. 






DB. OfiAB£'S BEOIf £6. 

Some |)Q|«6tt& Uiay think it bad pojicy to Jeai^n painters to 
reduce oil-paint trith water, but I think every man should 
be told of the plan, who ia going to have a job of work 
done, and if he makes up his mind to try anything of the 
kind, it is then his own business ; and I am perfectly sincero 
in recommending it, for if there wa^ any great fault in it. 
four years would show it. 


3. Painters' Sanding Apparatus.— It is made of tin , 
the tube enters upon the nozzle of a small bellows ;^the sand 
is put into the funnel, which stands perpendicular upon the 
i^pparatus when the broad mouth-piece is held level ia 
using. The funnel discharges the sand, just before the noz- 
iie of the bellows; and bjf working the bellows the sand is 
blown evenly upon the freshly put on paint, through tho 
mouth-piieco, the escape orifice not being over the sixtcentli 
part of an inch in depth, and may be made two and a hall 
or three inch^ wide. . .-. 


Many persons like the plan of sanding generally, after 
pttintiBg, but from the fact that when it is desired to renew 
the paint, brashes cannot last long upon the sand, I think it 
only proper to sand fences or fronts, where boys' knives 
woukl he too freely jise<i. 



■ »t-.j .;:■''<•;•' 




PAINTrSKINS - To Save and Redccb to Oil.- 
I lb., in rain water 1 gal. 

A;;i;J fc;AfV «"t^ 

-Dissolve sal-soda 


U3-S. ,fi i 


. "■■■'■ ^ I 

The skins that dry upon the top of paint, which has been 
left standing for any length of time, may be made fit for use 
again by covering them with the sal-soda-water and soakind 
them therein for a couple of days; tlien.heat them,iadtliod 
oil to reduce the mixture to a proper consistence for paint- 
, fjng, and straining. Painters who are doing extensive bua| 
Jicss ^fill save naany dollars yearly by this simple process. 



NEW TIN ROOFS— Valuable Prooess for Paint- 
(SQ, — Scrape off the rosin as olean as possible and sweep 
thereof; now: 

Dissolve sufficient sal-soda in a bucket of ^uter to make it qmt;« 
jtrong ; wash the roof thoroughly with the soda-water, and let it 
remain until it is washed off by the raias, or after a few hours, 
flashing off with clean water, virming well. 

"When dry give it one coat of pure Venetian-red, mixed 
with one-third boiled, and two-thirds raw linseed oil ; the 
second coat may be any color desired. The soda-water dis- 
solves the rosin remaininc; after scraping ; destroys the ^ 
greasy nature of the solder, and of the new tin, so that there * 
will be sufficient " Grip " for the paint to adhere firmly. 
The pure Venetian-red is one of the most durable paints for 
metallic-roofs, but is often rejected on account of its color. 
The above mode of painting will set aside this difficulty. 

2. Fire-Proof Paint— For Roofs, &c. — Slack stone-lime by 
putting it into a tub, to be covered, to keep in the steam. When 
Blacked, pass the powder through a fine sieve ; and to each 6 qts. 
ol it add 1 qt. of rock-salt, and water 1 gal. ; then boil and skim 
clean. To each 5 gals, of this add pulverized alum 1 lb. ; pulver- 
ized copperas ^ lb. ; and still slowly add powdered potash f lb. ; 
then fine sand or hickory ashes 4 lbs. 

Now add any desired color, and apply with a brush — ^looks 
better than paint, and is as durable as slate. It stops small 
leaks in roofs, prevents moss, and makes it incombustible ; 
and renders brick impervious to wet. — Maine Farmer. 

3. Water-Proof, Oil-Rubber Paint. — Dissolve about 6 lbs. of 
India rubber in 1 gal. of boiled linseed oil, by boiling. If this is 
too thick, reduce with boiled oil ; if too thin, use more rubber. 

Especially applicable to cloth, but valuable for any other ■ , 

material. ", ^ +; - i ^ • i ... ^*' /i 

Frosting Glass. — The frosty appearance of glass, which 

we often see where it is desired to keep out the sun, or 

r Man's observing eye," is done by using a paint composed 

|fts follows: >,, , ... 

Sugar of lead well ground in oil, applied as other paint ; then 
[)Ounded, while fresh, with a wad of batting held between the 
\mab and finger. 

fter which it is allowed to partially dry ; then with a 
raight edge laid upon tiie sash, you run along by the side 



of it, a stick sharpened to the width of line yon wish to aj^ 
pear in the diamonds, figures, or squares, into which you 
choose to lay it off; most frequently, however, straight imea 
are made an inch or more from the sash, according to the 
size of light, then the centre of the light made into dia^ 

( ORIENTAL — Crystal Painting. — The colors used 
are Prussian-blue, crimson, white, anJ yellow-lakes, Kos- 
8can, white-zinc, and No. 40 carmine. Druggists keep them, 
in small tubes. They must be mixed with Demar-varnish, 
rubbing with a table-knife or spatula upon glass. 


Proportion them about aa follows — for green 1-5 blue ; 4-5 yellow- 
purple, 1-6 blue, 6-6 crimson-orange, ^ crimson, ^ yellow-wine- 
color, 1-12 blue, 11-12 crimson-pink, add a little crimson to white 
zinc ; brown, mix a dark purple and add yellow according to the 
8ha4e desired ; black, add crimson to dark green until the ^hade 
euile yon ; to make the compound colors lighter, add the lightest 
color in it, and make darker by using more of the darkest color in 
the compound. For backgrounds, white, white zinc, or pink white 
with turpentine and bol^^d linseed oil and Demar-varnish ; black, 
lamp-black, with asphaltum-varnish and boiled linseed oil and tur- 
pentine in eiyiaX quantities ; llesh-color, white zino with a small 
piartion of crimson and chrome yellow to suit. For sketching out 
the figures on the ground-work, use a little lamp-black with asphal- 
ttfm-Tamish, turpentine, and boiled linseed oil to make it flow 

Directions for Painting. — Make your glass perfectly 
olean^ and place it over the picture you wish to copy ; then 
with the sketching preparation, trace on the glass all the 
linefl eonneoted with the figures of the picture which you 
fare oopying, being careful to sketch vines very distinct; 
when the sketching is done and dry, proceed to lay on the/ 
backgrnoDds inside of tb/j sketched lines until all the sketch- 
ing is dosed ; and when the background is dry, proceed to 
put on the colors, commencing with green, if any in the 
ifigti^tM, ending with yellow. When the colors are all laid. 
put the background upon the balanco of the ^lassj and 
vbf n all is dry have tin-lOii crumpled very n[iucn in your 
band, aud then partly straightened out, and lay it over the 
Ufjure, and keep it in its place by pasting paper over it k 
0uch a manner that it cannot slip away, letting the paper 
cover the whole b^pk of the qIssb, or a wood-baok em h 



placed behind the glass, and all is complete, and will look 

well or ill, according to the practice and taste of the painter, 

2. Fancy Green. — Unscorched, pulverized coffee, put 

into the white of an egg will, in twenty-four hours, produce 

a very beautiful green for fancy* painting — proof of poison, 

in unbrowned coffee. 

SKETCHING PAPER — To Pbepare. — Bleeched llnseed-oll, 
turpeniine and balsam of fir, equal parts of each ; mix. 

Have a frame of a little less size than the paper to be- 
prepared, and apply paste or thick gum solution to one side. 
and the outer edge of it ; wet the paper in clean water and 
lay it upon the frame and press it down upon the pasted 
side of the frame, and turn the outer part of the paper over 
the outside of the frame upon the paste there, which holds 
it firm ; and when it becomes dry it is tight like a drum- 
head ; whilst in this condition, with a brush saturate it with 
the above mixture ; three or four coats will be needed, giv- 
ing each one time to dry before applying the next. Only 
sufficient is needed to make it transparent, so that when you 
wish to sketch a rose, or other flower or leaf, from nature, 
the paper can be placed upon it like the glass in the ^' Ori- 
ental Painting ;" then trace the lines and finish it up in the 
same way also, as there described ; or that you may see 
through it in taking perspective views of distant scenery. 

DOOR PLATES— To Make.— Ovt. your glass the right size, 
and make it perfectly clean with alcohol or soap ; then cut a 
strip of tin-foil sufficiently long and wide for the name, and with 
apiece of ivory or oth<>r burnisher rub it lengthwise to make it 
smooth ; now wet the glass with the tongue, (as saliva is the best 
sticking substance), or if the glass is very large, use a weak solu- 
tion ot gum arable, or the white of an egg in half a pint of 
water, and lay on the foil, rubbing it down to the ^la(l» with a bit 
of cloth, then also with the burnisher ; the more it is burnished 
the better will it look ; now mark the width of the foil which is to 
be the height of the letter, and put on a straight edge and hold 
it flnnly to the foil, and with a sharp knife cut the foil and take 
off the superfluous edges ; then either lay out the letters on the 
back of the foil (so that they shall read correctly on the front), by 
your own judgment or by means of pattern-letters, which can be 

gurchased for that purpose ; cut with the knife, carefiilly hold- 
>g down the pattern or straight edge, whichever vou use ; then 
rab down tiie edge of all the letters with the baek of the knife, 
or edge of the burnisher, which prevents the black paint or 
iapan which yo'i next put over the back of the plate, from get- 
iider the foil ; having put a line above and one below the 


D9. chase's begipes. 

name, or a border aroand the whole plate or not, as jou bargain 
for the job. The japau is m^de by die-solving asphaltum in just 
enough turpentine to cut it (see " Asphaltum Varnish ") ; apply 
with a brush as other paint over the back of the letters and over 
the glass, forming a background. This is used on the iron frame 
of the plate hIso, putting it on when the plate is a little hot, and 
as soon as it v;ool8 it is dry. A little lamp-black may be rubbed 
Into it if , ju desire it any blacker than it is without it. 

If you choose, you can remove every other foil letter, 
after the japan is dry, and paint in ils place, red, blue, or 
other colored letters, to make a greatfir variety out of which 
'■ for yonr customers to choose, as the one they desire you to 
' follow iiJ gettiBg up their plate. Tin. foil being thicker 
. than silver or gold foil, will not show the paint through it 
in little spots as they do ; but if these foils are desired to 
be used, you can put c: two thicknessejj by proceeding as 
follo'.ro, which prevents the paint from showing tl^rough 
them : Lay on the first coat of these foils the same las di- 
rected for the tin-foil and smooth it down by rubbing on 
the front of the glass ; then breathe on it until a dampness 
is caused ; now put on the second and burnish well, having 
paper over it ; but instead of the knife to cut around your 
pattern or straight edge, take a sharp needle, using the point, 
make lines through the leaf around the pattern letter or 
Straight edge j then with a bit of Jewelers' wood, or other 
hard wood, made to a narrow and sharp point, remov all 
up to the lines, both in and around the letters, as these 
foils have not the substance to peel off as the tin-foil, japan- 
ning over them the same as the oiher letters. Paper letters 
can be cut out of advertisements and put on by wetting the 
glass the same as for the foil, japanning over them, and 
when dry, removing them and paintin^' «he places out ot 
which they came with varioui? colors ab desired, as the japin 
will not peel, but makes a sharp and distinot edge ; and 
these painted letters look well, in this way ; and by taking 
advantage of printed letters, saves the skill and time neces- 
sary to form them. 

To illustrate : in the name given below, A may be gold- 
foil ; W will be blue ; C, red ; H, black j A, gold-foil ; S, 
•blue; E, red; H, black; and again 1>, gold-foil which any 
«ie can see makes a platd bmm Aaaj than if ,«U verc (X 
,#110 foil, or o&d color. ^ . . 


paintbeb' department. 


Set your glass in the frame with putty, and put a thin 
coat of putty over the whole plate, as the plaster of Paris 
filling which is generally used soon eats out the japan or 
paint, and spoils the job. Persons with any ingenuity can 
very soon make a nice plate if they will pay attention to this 
above rules, as well as to pay five dollars for instructionp, 
as a little practice iriUst ba had to become perfect, even if 
you do pay five dollars for an hour or two's telling and 
showing. Shellac varnish colored with lamp-black is good 
in place of the Japan See " Varnish — Traiusp^entj for 





Side Lights. — Take the " Asphaltum Varnish," and with a small 
pencil lay out the name or design, not putting the varnish upon 
the letters, but around it, leaving the space which the letters oi 
the sign are to occupy, free and clear. The varnish is to cover 
the black surface in the sign or name. When the varnish is dry, 
have some melted bees-wax, and as it begin» to cool, with a ^nife 
take some of it up and scrape i-t off upon the edge of the glass, 
being etched, so aa te form a wall to hold the acid upon the glass 
while etchiDg ; now lay the glass and pour a little flouric acid 
on to the name, letter, or design ihus prepared, and let it remain 
oa for one hour, not allowing the glass to be touched or moved 
for that time ; then pour off the acid into your bottle, and it can 
be used again. The asphalt pretcnts the acids from eating or 
etching only the letter, and the wax wall prevp*nts the acid from 
flowing of and being wasted. When j ou pour off the acid, wash 
the glass with a little wftter, scrape off the wax, and remove th« 
asphalt with a little tukpeatinj, and all is done. 

•i '.-- 

The above directions are for piam glass ; but if you desire, 
you can gild the letter which is etched (eat out,) or you oafi 
|ild all except the letter, if desire i, as described in the reoipe 
nr '< Boor Plates^" Oi you iian griod the turfaoe ^"^ tiie giosii 



as described under the head of " Glass-grinding for Signs, 
Shades," &c. This applies equally well to " flashed," or 
what is called '* stained glass," worked in the same way as 
above, putting the design or letters upon the stained side, 
which eats away the color and leaves the design clean and 
white ; or you can etch only a part of the way through the 
stain, which shows up the letter -or flower lighter in color 
than the rest of the glass, which makes it look very beauti. 
ful for side-lights in halls, lamps, druggists' windows, &c. 

There are two kinds of colored glass — one is called " Pot- 
metal," t-ie other " Flashed." The pot-metal glass is made 
by mixing the stain or coloring with the melted glass, while 
making, and consequently is alike all the way through. 
The stained glass is made by applying the color to one side 
of the glass after it is made, then applying sufficient heal 
to allow it to take hold of the glass only — the color i^ all on 
•one side ; this is the kind desired. ' 

If it is desired to etch upon druggists' or ohe ^rs, it 
can be done by preparing the name to be put oj aicu the 
varnish and wax ; then have a lead box without top or bot- 
tom ; in shape on the lower edge to fit the shape of the jar, 
and press this down upon the wax to make it tight ; then 
pour your acid into the box which keeps it in Hs place the 
isamo as the wax does or. a flat surface. Ornaments or 
flourishes can be put on as well as letters. 

The old plan was to cover the whole surface with wax, 
then remove it from the letter, which was very ^.low and 
troublesome, and if a bit of wax remained upon the bottle, 
the acid could not cut where the wax remained, then to 
hold the glass over the fumes of the acid, instead of putti., 
the acid upon the glass. 

2. Glass-Grinding for Signs, Shades, &c. — Afte^ 
you have etched a name or other design upon uncolored 
glass, and wish to have it show off to a better advantage by 
permitting the light to pass only through the letters, you 
can do so by : Hf= 

Take a piece of flat brass suflSciently large not to dip into 
the letters, but pass over them when gilding upon the surf?" of 
the glass j then with flour of emery, and keeping it wet, yi -a 
grind the whole surface very quickly, to look like the gi- l 
glase globes, often seen upon lamps, except the letter whica l^ 
eaten b«low the general surface. ^ v ^ ,. ^ ■*- hs^ » 



Whole lights of glass can be ground in this way instead 
of frosting, or the frosting can be done here in place of the 
grinding, if preferred. 

3. Fluoric Aan, To Make for Etching Purposes. — You can 
make your own fluoric (sometiraea called hydro fluoric) acid, 
by getting the fluor or Derbyshire spar, pulverizing it and put- 
ting all of it into sulphuric acid which the acid will cut or dig- 


Druggists through the country do not keep this acid gen- 1 
erally, but they can get it in the principal cities and furnish i 
it for about seventy-five cents per ounce, and that ounce* 
will do at least fifty dollars' worth of work. It is put up inv 
gutta-percha bottles, or lead bottles, and must be kept inns 
them when not in use, have corks of the same material.^ 
Glass, of course, will not hold it, as it dissolves the glass,. 
otherwise it would not etch upon it. . < 

PORCELAIN FINISH— Very Hard and White, forPablobs.— - 
To prepare the wood for the finish, if it be pine, give one or two 
coats of the " Varnish — Transparent for Wood," which preventsi 
the pitch from oozing out causing the finish to turn yellow ; next,, 
give the room, at least, four coats of pure zinc, which may be^ 
ground in only sufficient oil to enable it to grind properly, then' 
mix it to a proper consistence with turpentine or naptha. Give* 
each coat time to dry. When it is dry and hard, sand-paper- 
it to a perfectly smooth surface when it is ready to receive the» 
finish, which consists of two coats of French .zinc ground in, and 
thinned with Demar-varnish, until it works properly under thoi 

Ml'. Miles, of this city, one of our scientific painters, has 
been sufficiently kind to f'"*nish me this recipe prepared ex-< 
pressly for this^work, therefore, the most implicit confidence* 
■^ nay be placed m it, yet any one can judge for themselves, 
v^ V :T<,m the nature of the articles used, that it must be white* 
u(l hard. He goes on to say that rC the French zinc iu* 
vii.nish cannot be procured, the varnish may be whitened 
with zinc ground in oil as a very good substitute, being" 
careful not to use too much, in which case it will diminish 
the gloss, and be more liable to turn yellow. A little tur- 
^ntine or DiU[>iba niAy be added, if too thick to work well^ 
Out in no instance should oil be used to thin the paint. 

This fin^^dh, if properly applied, is very beautiful, and 
alihough purely white, may be kept clean more easily than 
Other Mads of painting by simply using a dusting brush ; ok\ 


pp. chase's heoipes. 

if soiiltH!, a sponge wet in cold soft wate without soap, is 
the better way. >a .'^ - *^ ' > ;n .^ > ' ,^ 

'K N.B — Not a particle of white-lead should be used where 
this finish is to be applied, either in the priming or any sub- 
sequent coats, or a brush used that has been in lead without 
being thoroughly cleansed, as a yellow hue will soon present 
itself which is caused by a chemical change taking place 
between the lead and zinc. .. ^^ 

, Blub. — Ist. Take nitric acid, any quantity, and as much iron 
i Bbavings from the lathe as the acid will dissolve ; heat the iron aa 
^ hot as can be handled with the hand ; then add to it the acid in 
^ small quantities as long as the acid will dissolve it, then slowly 
add double the quantity of soft water that there was of acid, and 
put in iron again as long as the acid will dissolve it. 2nd. Take 
prussi"te of potash, dissolve it in hot water to make a strong solu- 
tion, a ? i"ke sufficient of it with the first to give the depth of 
tint deBu nd the blue is made. Or : \ 

2. Anothjla Method. — A very passable Prussian blue is made by 
tftkittg sulphurate of iron (copperas) and prussiate of potaoh, equal 

: parts of each, and dissolving each separately in water, then mixing 
the two waters. 

3. Chrome Yelix)w. — 1st. Take sugar of lead and Paris white, 
of each 6 lbs. ; dissolve them in hot water. 2nd. Take bi-chromate 
of potash 6 J ounces., and dissolve it in hot water also, each article 
to be dissolved separately, then mix all together, putting in the bi- 
chromate lost. Let stand 24 hours. 

4. Chrome Green. — Take Paris white 6 J lbs. ; sugar of lead and 
blue vitriol, of each 3| lbs. ; alum lO^ozs. ; best soft Prussian blue 
and chrome yellow, of each 3J lbs. Mix thoroughly while in fine 
powder and add water 1 gal., stirring well, and let stand 3 or 4 


5. Green, Durable and Cheap. — ^Take spruce yellow and color 
it with a solution of chrome yellow and Prussian blue, until you 
give it the shade you wish. 

6. Parts Green. — Take unslacked lime of the best quality, slack 
it withs hot water ; then take the finest part of the powder and add 

'* alum Walter as strong as can be made, sufficient to form a thick 

' paste, then color it with bi-chromate of potash and sulphate of 

copper, untfil the color suits your fancy. N.B. — The sulphate o( 

copper gives the color a blue tinge — the bi-chromate of potash a 

yellow. Observe this and you will never fail. 

7. Another Method.— Blue vitriol 6 lbs. ; sugar of lead 6 J lbs.; 
arsenic 2^ lbs. ; bi-chromate of potash IJ ozs. ; mix them thoroughly 
in fine powder, and add water 2 pte., miidng well again and U 



8. Pea Brown.— 1st. Take Sulpliate of jopper, aiiy qflltittlty, afll 
dissolve it in hot water. 2nd. Take pmssiate of potash, dissolve 
!t in hot water to make a strong solution ; mix of the two Bola« 
tions, as in the blue, and the color is made. „, ^r' 

9. Rose Pink. — Brazil wood 1 lb., and boil it for 2 hours, having 
1 gal. of water at the end : then strain it and boil alum 1 lb. in 
the same water until dissolved ; when sufficiently cool to admit 
the hand, add murate of tin f oz. Now have Paris white 12| lbs., 
moisten up to a salvy consistence, and when the first is cool stir 
them thoroughly together. Let stand 24 hours,. 



:.rjfe^ iiyi'il^vf 

When any of the above mixtures have stood as mentioned, 
in their respective recipes, all that is necessary is to drain 
off the wate: by placing the preparations into muslin bags 
for that purpose, and then exposing the mixture to the airy 
to dry for use. 

Glass, stone, or wood vessels only should be used, as the 
acid soon works upon iron, tin, copper, &c., giving you a tinge 
not (iesired in the color, and always observe that if water is 
to be mixed with strong acids it must be added slowly, 
especially if in light vials, or you will break the vessels by 
means of the great heat which is set free by the combina>- 
tion. Painters can use their own judgment about making 
these colors j but if they dq. not do it for profit there will bS 
plessure in testing them, even in vials-full only, as the oheuv* 
ioal action is just as fine in small as in large quantities. . . 


:■ in 


FILES AND RASPS~To Rb-Cut by a Chemical Prooess.— 
Dissolve saleratus 4 ozs., to water 1 qt., sufficient to cover the 
flies, and boil them in it for half an hour : then take out, wash 
and dry them, now stand them in a jar, filling it up with rain 
water and sulphuric acid, in the proportion of water 1 qi, to acid 
4 ozs. 

If the files are coarse, they will need to remain in about 
twelve hours ; but for fine files, six or eight hours will be 
all-sufficient. When you take them out, wash them clean, 
dry quickly, and put a little sweet oil upon them, to prevent 
trust. ■ .FM^it vi'j.' ■ '' 

This plan is applicable to blacksmiths, gun-smiths, tin- 
[aers, copper-smiths, machinists, &c., &o. Copper and tin 


DB. chase's BEOIPES. 

Vforkers will only wqm-e a short time to take the articles 
out of their files, as mS soft metals with which they become 
filled^ are soon dissolved, leaving the files about as good as 
new. For blacksmith* and saw-mill men, it will require 
the full time. 

They may be re-cut two or three times, making in all 
more service than it took to wear out the file at first. 
; The preparation can be J^ept and used as long as you see 
action take place upon putting the file into it. Keep it 
covered when not in use. 

If persons, when filing, would lift up the file, in carrying 
back, there would be no necesoity of a re-cutting, but in 
drawing it back they soon turn a wire-edge, which the acid 
removes. It also thins the tooth. Many persons have 
doubted this fact ; but I know that the common three-square 
file (used for sharpening saws), when worn out and thrown 
by for a year or two, may be again used with neatly the 
same advantages as a new one. Tho philosophy of it is this 
—the action of the atmosphere act? 'ipon the same principle 
of the acid, corrodes (eats off) the surface, giving anew, a 
square, cutting edge. Try it, all ye doubtful ; I have tried 
both, and know their value. Boiling in the saleratus- 
water removes grease, and allows the ^id to act upon the 

steel. ' ''^'■^'■■-'■■[ ■■'- ■■■^./'i ,-■■.:■.■..': ■-. 1:^.-;: r—^^':.- '/< 

VARNISHES— To Prevent Rust on Iros or Steel.— Tallow 2 
ozs. ) rosiii 1 oz. ; melt and strain while hot. 

Apply a light coat of this, and you can lay away any ar- 
ticles not in constant use, for any lengtji of time, such as 
knives and forks, or mechanics' tools which are being laid 
by or much exposed. But for axes or other new tools, 
which are exposed to the -air before sold, you will find the 
following varnish preferable ; ,»,, 

2. Transparent for Tools, Ploughs, &o.— Bes*^ alcohol 1 gal. ; 
gum sandarach 2 lbs. ; gum mastic | lb. Place all in a tin cao 
which adniits of being corked ; cork it tight, and Bhpke it fre- 
quently, occasionally placing the can in hot water. When dittiolred 
it is ready for use. • ^ . \ . i j.c>; .c 

This makes a very nice varnish for new tools, which are 
exposed to dampness ; the air, even, will soon (more ox less) 
tarnish new work. 

S. Sb)bk-no-Fa9Ther, for Irok or Steel.— Taxb best ^ 



varnish, and add sufficient olive oil to make it feel a little greasy ; 
then add nearly as much spirits of turpentine as there is of varnish, 
and you will probably seek no farther. ,, ...,,., 

4. Transparent Blue for Steel Ploughs. — Take Demar-vamish 
j^ gal. ; finely ground Prussian blue ^ oz. ; mix thoroughly. ,• 

For ground steel ploughs, or other ground steel, one or two 
coats of this will be found sufficient to give a nice bhie ap- 
pearance, like highly tempered steel ; some may wish a little 
more blue ; if so, add the Prussian blue to your liking. 
Copal varnish is not so transparent as the demar, but if 
you will have a cheap varnish, use No. 4. 

6. Black, Having a Polish, for Iron.— Pulverized gum asphal 
turn 2 lbs. ; gum benzoine \ lb. 5 spirits of turpentine 1 gal. ; to 
make quick, keep in a and shake often j shade to suit 
with finely ground ivory black, •■^^'•i 'y';:':,, ' ."■ ^^'^ alH 

Apply with a brush. And it ought to be ^d on iron 
exposed to the weather as well as on inside worlatdesii;jyig a 
nice appearance or polish. Or: * . v.. . i3» / ,, :'S'\ 

6. Varnish for Iron. — Asphaltum 8 lbs. ; melt it in an iron 
kettle, slowly adding boiled linseed oil 6 gals. ; litharge 1 lb. ; and 
sulphate of zinc ^ lb. ; continuing to boil for three hours ; then add 
dark gum amber 1^ lbs., and continue to boil 2 hours longer. 
When cool reduce to" a proper consistence, to apply with a brush, 
with spirits of turpentine. „• ; > . '? . " 

7. I WISH here, also, to state a fact which will benefit 
those«»wishing to secure vines or limbs of trees to the side of 
a white house, with nails, and do not wish to see a streak 
of rust down the white paint, as follows : ' ^ 

Make a hole, in which to start the nail, putting a little srtrip of 
zinc into the hole, and drive the nail in contact with the dno. 

The electrical action of the two metals, in contact, pre- 
vents- rust, proven by over eight years trial. 

WELDING— Cast Steel Without Borax.— Copperas 2 ozs. j 
saltpetre 1 oz. ; common salt 6 ozs. ; black oxide of manganese 
1 oz. ; Frussiate of potash 1 oz. ; all pulverized and mixed with 
nice welding sand 3 lbs. ; and use it the same as you would sand. 

Higher tempered steel can be used with this better than 
with borax, as it welds at a lower heat — such as pitchfork 
tines, toe-corks, &c. The pieces should be held together 
while heating. I have found some blacksmiths using it 

i^-'i ■ 




without the manganese ; but from what I know of the pnri. 
fjing properties of that article upon iron, I am sure it must 
be preferable with it, as that is the principal purifyer in 
the next recipe.' :: > > < riv s^i 

^ POOR IRON— To Improve.— Black oxide of manganese 1 part; 
copperas and common salt 4 parts each ; dissolve in soft water 
and boil until diy ; when cool pulverize and mix quite freely with 
nice welding sand. 

When you have poor iron which you cannot afford to 
throw away, heat it, and roll it in this mixture, working foi 
a time, re-heating, &c., will soon free it from all impurities, 
which is the cause of its rottenness. By this process you 
can make good horse-nails, even out of only common iron. 

^ WRITING UPON Iron or Steel, Sjlver or Gold, Not to Cosi 
THE Tenth Part of a Cent Per Letter. — Muriatic acid 1 oz.; 
nitric acid J oz. Mix, when it is ready for use. . , i ^ 

y Directions. — Cover the place you wish to mark Or write 
upoif, with melted bees-wax; when cold, write the name 
plain with a file point or an instrument made for the pur- 
pose, carrying it through the wax and cleaning the wax all 
out of the letter ; then apply the mixed acids with a feather, 
carefully filling each letter ; let it remain from one to ten 
minutes, according to the appearance desired ; then put od 
some water, which dilutes the acids and stops the process, 
Eithet of the acids, alone, would cut iron or steel, but it 
requires the mixture to take hold of gold or silver. Aftei 
you wash off the acids it is best to apply a little oil. 

MILL PICKS— To Temper.— To 6 qts, of soft water put in pul- 
verized corrosive sublimate I oz. and two hands of common salt; 
when disholved it is ready for use. The first gives toughness to 
the steel, whilst the latter gives the hardness. I have found those 
who think it better to add sal-ammoniac, pulverized, 2 ozs., to the 

above. ;•.-•., '^i'v'i'j'-c^'i^f!!'* =?;,,•■■■'■'' ';'''?*^ '"Jj:'f ' ^ .' ^V'' ?v;r'''^""" 

Directions. — Heat the picks to only a cherry red ad 
|)lunge them in and do not draw any temper. In working 
mill-picks, be very careful not to over-heat them, but work 
them at as low a heat as possible. The reason why so many 
fail in making good picks, is that they don't work them at 
as low a heat as they should. With care upon that point, 
and the above fluid, no trouble will be experienced, even 
^pon the best ^l^pi^ond b^rr^. ^e surQ to keep the pi6pax» 



tion covered when not in use, as it is poison. Pigs or dogs 
might drink of it if left uncovered. This is the mixture :' 
which has gained me the name of having the hest prepara- '* 
tion in use for mill-picks, and the certificates on this subject, ' 
but as I have some others which are very highly spoken of, 
I give you a few others. >, . 

2. An English miller, after buying my book, gave me 
the following recipe, for which he paid ten dollars. He 
had used it all his life, or from the time he began business 
for himself (about thirty years), and he would use no 

Salt ^ teacup ; saltpetre ^ oz. ; alum, pulverized, 1 teaspoon ; 
soft water 1 gal. ; never heating over a cherry red, nor drawing 
any temper. .,1 

3. Saltpetre, sal-ammoniac, and alum, of each 2 ozs. ; salt 1^ 
lb. ; water 3 gals. ; and draw no temper. 

There must be something in this last, as the next one I 
obtained at least five hundred miles from where I did this, 
and both from men who knew their value, and yet they re- . 
Bemble each other near enough to be called " the twins." 

4. MttirPiCKs AND Saw Gummies, TO TEMPER.— Saltpetre and" 
alum, each 2 ozs. ; sal-ammoniac ^ oz. ; salt IJ lbs. ; soft water'^ 
3 gals. Heat to a cherry red and plunge them in, and draw no ' 
temper. •;- -^-vi. ;' . ■, ;:-..,.-• k-'^.u \i 

The steel must never be heated above a cherry-red, and in 
working and drawing the picks there ought to be quite an - 
amount of light water-hammering, even after the steel i^ -^ 
quite cool. Once more and I am done ; yet it may be pos^ 
sible that the last in this case may be the best. Head it : 

Mnii-PicK Tempering as Done by CmjucH, of Ann Arbor. — 
Water 3 gals.; salt 2 qts. ; sal-ammoniac and saltpetre, of each 2 
ozs.; ashes, from white ash bark, 1 shovel, which causes the picks 
to scale clean and white as silver. i t r {?; ■ j 

I obtained this recipe of a blacksmith who paid young 
Mr. Church five dollars for it, he coming into the shop and 
showing him how to work the picks, as also the composi- 
tion — his instructions were not to hammer too cold, to avoid 
flaws ; not to heat too high, which opens the pores of the 
Bteel, nor to heat more than one or two inches of the pick 
when tempering. The gentleman says, if care is taken in 
heating and working, that no other tempering liquid will 




ecmal it, yet he spoiled the first batch by over-heating, even 
alter Mr. Church had taken all pains to show him. They 
(the Messrs. Church) have picks sent to them for tempering, 
mm Illinois and even Wisconsin. 

BUTCHER KNIVES— Sprino-Temper and Beauti- 
FUL Edge. — In forging out the knife, as you get it near to 
its proper thickness, be very careful not to heat it too high, 
and to water-hammer it as for mill-picks ; when about to tem- 
per, heat only to a cherry-red, and hold it in such a way that 
you can hold it plumb as you put it in the water, which 
prevents it from springing — put it plumb into the water 
and it will come out straight. 

Take it from the water to the fire and pass it through the blaze 
until a little hot ; then rub a eandle over it upon both sides, and 
back to the fire, passing it backward and forward in the blaze, 
turning it over often to keep the heat even over the whole euffactt, 
until t£e tallow passes off as though it went into the steel ;, then 
take out and rub l^e candle over it again (on both sides each time) 
and back to the fire, passing it as before, until it starts into a 
blaze, with a snap, being carefiil that the heat is even •ver the 
whole length and width of the tool, then rub the tallow over it 
again and back, for three times, quickly, as it bums off; and 
lastly rub the tallow over it again and push it into the dust of tho 
forge, letting it remain until cold. 

If these directions are followed with dexterity you will 
have the temper alike from edge to back ; and the edge will 
be the best you ever saw ; as Davy Crocket used to say, " It 
will jump higher, dive deeper," shave more hogs, bend far- 
ther without breaking, and give better satisfaction than all 
other knives put together. ' 

It works equally well on drawing-knives and other thin 

tools; ""nd for trap-springs which are to be set on dry 

ground ; but if set in water, " pop goes the weasel " the first 

time the trap is sprung ; but the following is the plan for 

tempering springs for general trapping : 

2. TRAP-SPRINGS— To Temper.— For tempering cast steel trap 
springs, all that is necessary is to heat them in the dabk just that 
vou may see it is red, then cool them in lukewarm water. Ihk 
is a short recipe, but it makes long-lasting springs. \ 

The reason why darkness is required to temper springs is 

that a lower degree of heat can be seen in the night than by 

daylight ; and the low heat and warm water give the desired 



SILVER PLATING— For Carbiaob Work.— First, let the parta 
which are to receiye the plate be filed very smooth ; then apply 
over the sarface the muriate of zinc, which is made by •Mssolyin^ 
zino in muriatio acid ; now hold this part over a dish containing 
hot soft solder (pewter solder is probably the softest), and with a 
swab apply the solder to the part, to which it adheres ; brash off 
ail superfluous solder, so as to leave the surface smooth ; yon will 
now take No. 2 fair, silver plate, of the right wm to cover . 
the surface of the part prepared with solder, and lay the plate 
upon it, and rub it down smooth with a cloth which is moistened 
with oil, then, with a soldering-iron, pass slowly over all the 
Burface of the plate, which melts the solder underneath it, and 
causes the plate to adhere as firmly as the solder does to the iron ; ^ 
then polish the surface, finishing with buckskin. , ^ ^ 

The soldering-irons must be tined, and also kept very 
smooth, and used at about the same heat as for soldering 


IRON— To Prevent WBLDmo.—Where it is desired to weld two 
bars of iron together, for making axletrees or other purposes, 
through which you wish to have a bolt hole, without punching out 
a piece of the iron, you will take a piece of wet pasteboard, the 
width of the bar and the length you desire not to weld, and place 
it between the two pieces of iron, and Iiold them firmly upon the 
pasteboard while taking the heat, and the iron will weld up to 
the pasteboard, but not where it is ; then open the hole, with 
Bwedge and punch, to the desired size. 

In this way blacksmiths' tongs may be relaid, without the 
trouble of cutting the joints apart and making a new jaw. 
Simply fit two pieces of iron, the thickness you wish to add 
to the jaw of the tongs, have them of the right length and 
width also, then take them both between the jaws and heat 
them so you can pound them together, that they will fit 
closely for a weld ; now put a piece of the wet pasteboard 
hetween the pieces which you are to weld, having the 
handles of the tongs stand sufficiently apart that you may 
put on a link or ring to hold all firmly ; then put into the 
fire, and take a good welding heat ; and yet they do not 
weld where the paper was between them ; if they stick a 
little at the end, just put them on the swedge and give them 
a little tap with the hammer, and they will fly right apart 
as nice as new. I am told that the dust from the ground 
or floor of the blacksmith shop is as good as the pasteboard, 
|et I have not seen that tried ; but I know there is no mis* 


DB. chase's BEOIPEfl. 


take in the other ; and yet I have found one blacksmitn 
who declared he would not believe it could be done, even if 

he eaw it. ^ - - , n;j j .. ^^^.f n ., iv 

CAST-IRON — To Case-Harden. — Cast-iron may be case- 
hardened by heating to a red heat, and then rolling it in a com- 
position composed of equal parts of prussiate of potash, sal- 
ammoniac, and saltpetre, all pulverized and thoroughly mixed, 
then plunge while yet hot, into a bath containing 2 ozs. of the 
prufislate, and 4 ozs., of the sal-ammoniac to each gal. of cold 
water. — Scieniific Artisan. 

2. Casi-Ibon — The Hardest, to Soften for Drillino. — Heat to 
a cherry red, having it lie level in the fire, then with a pau* of 
cold tongs, put on a piece of brimstone, a little less in size than 
you wish the hole to be when drilled, and it softens entirely 
through the piece ; let it lie on the fire until a little cool, when it 
is ready to drill. 

Sleigh-shoes have been drilled, by this plan, in five min- 
utes,/ after a man had spent half a day in drillii^g one- 
fourth of an in<}h into it.. It is applicable to any article 
which can be heated without injury. ' ■" * 

WROUGHT-IRON— To Case-Harden.— To case-harden wrought 
iron, take the prussiate of potash, finely pulverized, ar '' roll the 
article in it, if its shape admits of it, if not, sprinkle powder 
upon it freely, while the iron is hot. 

This is applicable to iron axletrees, by heating the axle- 
tree and rolling the bottom of it in the powder, spread out 
for that purpose, turning it up quickly and pouring cold 
water upon it, getting it into the tub of cold water as quick 
as possible. They will wear for years without showiDg 
wear. ^vr. ^ •.-:.•' . -.;-n' ;: ■?'; .'•:[ 
' 2. "Welding a Small Piece op Iron Upon a Large 
One, with Only a Light Heat. — It is often desirable 
to weld a small bit of iron upon a large bar, when the large 
piece must be heated equally hot as the small one. To 
save this: ; , . . . 

. _ . ' • -■..'.-. -■ ^ ' *■ ■. • - . 

Take borax 1 lb. ; red oxide of iron 1 to 2 bzsf. ; melt them to- 
gethei in a crucible ; and when cold, pulverize and keep the 
powder dry for use. 

When you want to perform the operation, just bring the 
large piece to a white heat, having a good welding heat up- 
on the small slip ; take the large one from the fire, and 
sprinkle some of the powder upon the plaoej and bring the 



ofHer upon It, applying the hammer smartly, an! the weld 
will be as good as could be made with the greater heatj 
without the powder. 



U .f 

•/ «'„i 


■•'■ I 

-, I .. 

BRONZING— For Iron or Wood.— First, make a black paint ; 
then put in a little chrome yellow, only sufficient to give it a dark 
green shade ; apply a coat of this to the article to be bronzed ; 
vhen dry give it a coat of varnish, and whcm the varnish is a little 
dcy, dust on bronze by dipping a piece of velvet into the bronze 
and shaking it upon the varnish ; then give it another coat of 
vai-nish, and when dry all is complete. 

Cast-iron bells, which are now being extensively intro- 
duced to the farming community, will be much improved 
in their appearance by tliis bronzing, and also protected from 
rust, without injury to. their sound. Iron fences around yards, 
porches, verandas, &c., will be much improved by it. It 
mav also be applied to wood if desired. . , -^ o^lxnKi ■ ' 


■,"■■( ;t 

^ilj ;!. 

t: IJ 



TRUSS SPRINGS — Directions for Blacksmiths 
TO Make — Better than the Patent Trusses. — After 
having tried the various kinds of trusses, over t\;o years, 
having to wear one upon eaoh side, I gave them all up as 
worse than useless. ,.< - ^ .1 

. * -.»>•« . - . • _ \ iUi" - 

I then went to a blacksmith and had springs made. They were 
bont to suit the shape of the body, and to press upon the body 
only sufficient, after the pads are put on to hold back that which 
would otherwise protrude. The pad upon the back end of the 
Bpringlmake of sole leather, covered with cotton or linen cloth, 
haying stuffed in a little batting to make it rest as easy as 
possible. The front pad I make by having a piece of wood 
turned the shape and size of a small hen's egg, sawing it through 
the centre lengthwise, putting two screws into it through holes 
perforated in the end of the spring for that purpose. The back 
p&d is secured by one screw only. The spring is oiled, then 
I covered with sheep skin, to prevent rusting. Then it is secured 
Around the body with a leather strap an4 buckle, or with a piece 



DB. chase's BEOIPES. 


of cloth sewed into a string of suitable width to sit easy where it 

' hears upon t^ d hip, in passing to tie upon the other end of tb'^j 

, spring, just back of the front pad. The bend which is given the 

spring, before it is bent to the chape of the body, gives it room k 

rise when the leg is raised, Without lifting the pad fi .m ii 

position, saving th3 necessity of another strap to pass around 

under the thigh, as with the patent truss, which is very annoying 

to the wearer. Make the springs of spring steel, about ^ or 4 (^ 

'-■ an inch in width, and about 1-16 in thickness, and of sufQcient 

length to have a bearing just short of the spine. 

I now speak from eight years personal experience, which 
^ ought to be a euffioient length of time for an experiment to 

S\ be well established 





BLACK VARNISH— For Coal Buckets.— Asphaltum 1 lb.; 
lamp-black \ lb. ; rosing lb. ; spirits of turpentine 1 qt 

Dissolve he asphaltum and rosin in the tur|>entine ; then 
rub up t:ie lamp-black with linseed-oil, only sufficient to 
form a paste and mix with the others. Apply with a bnuh. 

JAPAN FLOW FOR TIN— All Colors.— Gum sandarach 1 lb. j 
balsan^ of fir, balsam of tolu, and acetate of lead, of each 2 oz8.j 
linseed-oil ^ pt. ; spirits of turpentine 2 qts. 

Put all into a suitable kettle, except the turpentine, over 
a slow fire, at first, then raise to a higher heat until all are 
melted ; now take ^rom the fire, and when a M'JIq cool, stir 
in the spirits of turpentine and ^rain through a fine cloth. 
This is transparent ; but by the following modifications any 
or all the various colors are made from it. 

2. Black.— Prussian blue^ oz. ; asphal'^um 2 ozs. ; spirits of tu^ j 
pontine ^ pt. 

Melt the asphaltum in the turpentine ; rub up the blu? | 
With a little of it, mix well and strain ; then add the who 
to one pint of the^r*^, above. 

9f. Blub. — Indigo and Prussian blue, both finely pulverized, of | 
each j| oz. ) spirits of turpentine 1 pt. Mix well and strain. 

Ad4 of this to one pint of the /irst until the color suitt. i 





*• ■. 

4 Red.— Take spirits ottorpeatiae i pt.; aad cochineal } oe.; 
I«t stand 15 hours, and strain. 

Add of this to the first to suit the fancy. 

6. Yellow. — Take 1 oz, of palverized root of cnrcnma, and Btii 
)f it into 1 pt. of the first, until the color pleases you, let stand 
lew hours and strain. 

6. Green.— Mix equal parts of the blue and yellow togelhert 
tien mix with the first until it suits the fancy. 

7. Orange. — Mix a little of the red with more of the yellow, and 
then with the first as heretofore, until pleased. 

8. Penk.— Mix a little of the blue to more in quantity of the red, 
and then With the first until suited. €T«; 

In this simple and philosophical way you get all the 
various colors. Apply with a brush. 

GOLD LACQUER FOR TIN.— Transpaeent, All Colors.— Al- 
cohol in a flask ^ pt. ; add gum shellac 1 oz. ; turmeric ^ oz. ; red- 
Banders \ oz. Set the flask in a warm place, shake frequently lor 
12 jiours or more, then strain off the liquor, rinse the bottle and 
return it, corking tightly for use. 

When this varnish is used, it must be applied to theworl: 
freely and flowing, or, if the work admits of it, it may b<> 
dipped into the varnish, and laid on the top of the stove to 
dry, which it will do very quickly ; and they must not be 
rubbed or brushed while drying ; rr the article may ba hot 
when applied. One or more coats may be laid on, as the 
color is required more or less light or deep. This is applied 
to lanterns, &o. If any of it should become thick from 
evaporation, at any time, thin it with alcohol. And by the 
following modifications, all the various colors are obtained. 

2. Rose Color. — Proceed as above, substituting i oz. of finely 
ground, best lake, in place of the turmeric. 

3. Blue.— The blue is made by substituting pulverized Prussian 
blue J oz. in place of the turmeric. , ,; jWii <» 

4. Purple. — ^Add a little of the blue to the first. 

5. Green.— Add a little of the rose-colcr to the first. 

Here again philosophy gives a variety of shades with 
I only a slight change of materials or combinations. 

LACQUERFORBR ASS.— Transparent.— Turmeric root, ground 
Ifike, 1 oz. ; best dragon's blood ^ dr. ; put into alcohol 1 pt. ; place 
[in a moderate^heat, shake well for several days. It must be 
iBtraiDed through a linen cloth, and the bottle, and 

Iftdd powdered gi'<iD Rbellao S in a warm 

< f 





plapie for several days, freq^uej^tly shaken ; tben again strainod, 
bottled and corked tight. 

Lacqt er is put upon metal for improving its appearance 
and preserving its polish. It is applied with a brush when 
the metal is warm, otherwise it will not spread evenly. 

IRON. — To Tm for Soldeeeno or Other Purposes. — ^Take any 
quantity of muriatic acid, and diseolvo all the zinc in it that it will 
cut ; then dilute it with one-fourth as much soft w;ater as of acid, 
and it is ready for use. ;. L .. 

This rubbed upon iron, no matter how rusty, cleanses it 

and leaves some of the zinc upon the surface, so that solder 

readily adheres to it, or copper as mentioned below for cop. 

pering iron or steel. 

2. Iron, Iron WmE, or Steel, to Copper the Subpaoe.— Rain 
water 3 lbs. ; sulphate of copper 1 lb. Dissolve. 

Have the articles perfectly clean ; then wash it with thiu 
solution, and it immediately exhibits a copper sur&c^. 

Lettering on polished steel is done in this way ; 'flower- 
ing or ornamenting can also be done in the same way. 
Sometimes dilute muriatic acid is used to clean the surface; 
the surface must be clean by filing, rubbing, or acid ; theo 
cleaned by wiping oS, ,i v ,; ?* r »? f^,? r^ ^ ; : - ^^^ 

COPPER.— To Tin for Stew-Dishes or other Purposes.— Wash 
the surface of the article to be tinned, with sulphuric acid ; and 
rub the sur&ce well, so as to have it smooth and free of blaoknesa 
caused by the acid ; then sprinkle calcined and finely pulverized 
sal-ammoniac upon the surface, holding it over a,fire where il will 
become sufficiently hot to melt a bar of solder which is to be rubbed 
over the sur&ce ; if a stew-dish put the solder into it and swab it 
about wl^n melted. r;^i-u^\h] : ^:x^ y.^t T -. ••.:■:•,';> .v. '-.r-^-sr •<,? ^r 

You will wipe off any surplus solder, and also for the 

purpose of smoothing the surface, by means of a tow or cot- 

tx)n swab, tied or tacked to a rod. In this way any dish or 

copper article may be nicely tinned. / * 

BOX-MET AT I. — To Make for Machinery. — Copper 4 parts ; lead 
1 part — zinc is sometimes substituted for the lead — either makes a 
durable box for journals. 

Printers' worn out type in place of the lead, makes an 
improvement. . *. , ^,J',f.,, . , 

SOLDERS— For Brazdjo.— Copper 3 parts ; zinc 2 parts, or sheet 
brass 3 parts ; zinc one part. ^ 

2. Solder for Lead. — Take tin 1 part ; lead 2 parts. 
* 9» Bolder fob Tin.—- Lead 10 parts : tin 7 parts* 

TunixBs' sspAfixiCBm.' 


4. Sou>SR ^R Bbitaiinu.— Bismuth ^ of one part ; tin 1 part ; 
lead 1 part 

BRITANNIA— To Use Old instkad of Block Tin, in Soldbr.— ' 
Take old Britannia and melt it ; and >vl«lld hot sprinkle sulphur 
over it and stir for a short time. 

This burns out the other articles in it, and leaves the 
l)lock «in, which may now be used for making solder as good' 
as new tin. , ,. 

TIN— To Pearl or Ohrtstalize.— Sulphnrio acid 4 ozs. ; soft 
yf&ies 2 to 3 ozs., according to strength of acid ; salt 1 oz. ; mix. 

Heat the tin quite hot over a stove or heater ; then with 
a sponge wet with the mixture, washing off directly with 
cliin water. Dry the tin ; then varnHh it with Demar- 

This brings out the chrystaline nature of the tin. Used 
in making water-coolers, spittoons, &o. 

2. Tinning Flux — Improved. — It has been customary for tinners 
to use the muriate of zinc only ; but if you take lib. of muriatic 
acid, and put in all the zinc it will cut ; then put in 1 oz. of sal- 
ammoniac, you will have no more trouble with old dirty or greasy 

seams. •■ ^ .\ ^^AO* -'■'■w'l^'i •» 

Sometimes I think it is still improved by adding to it an. 
(Hjual amount ©f soft water. - .^; ^ . , .. ? Afj.^ 

3. Liquid Glue for Labelling upon Tin. — Boiling' 
I water one quart; borax, pulverized, two ounces; put in thS 

borax; then add gum shellao four ouuces, and boil until 

Labels put upon tin with commoi gh\^ or common past« 
I will not stick long. But this prepa^ration oL^ates the di£Qi- 
I culty entirely. 

SCOURING LIQUID— For Brass, Door-Knobs, &c.~Oil of 
I vitriol 1 oz. ; sweet oil 1-2 gill ; pulverized rotten stone I gill j 


[rain water 1 1-2 pts. ; mix all, and shake as used. ? 

Apply with a rag, and polish with buckskin or old wool- 
lien. This makes as good a preparation as can be purchased/ 
land for less than half the money. It does not give at- 
ling, but is simply a scourer and polisher. The following 
[gives it a silver coating : , !^^^^:^: v- *^ *^^'-^ 

feate of silver and cjmmon salt, of each 30 grs. ; cream^ 
)f tartar ^ drs., pulverized finely, pix. tboroujghly and bottle 
for use. " ^ vi^i uvk^^: 








When desired to re-silver a worn spoon or other article 
first clean them with the " Scouring Liquid ;" then moisteu 
a little of the powder and rub it on thoroughly with a piece 
of buck-skin. For Jewelry, see " Jewelry Department." 

OIL CANS. — Size of Sheet, for from 1 to 100 Gallons.— 

For 1 

gallon, 7 


20 inches. 





















25 gallons, 30 by 56 inches. 
40 " 36 by 63 " 
50 " 40 by 70 « 
75 " 40 by 84 « 
100 V 40 by 98 " t 

This includes all the laps, seams, &c., which will be found 
sufficiently correct ftr all practical purposes. • 


\ • • 

^^ '-i 


GUN-BARRELS— Browning Process.— Spirits of nitre 1 lb. ; 
alcohol 1 lb. ; corrosive sublimate 1 oz. ; mix in a bottle and keep 
corked for use. 

Directions. — Plug Doth ends of the barrel, and let the 
plug stick out three or four inches, to handle by, and also 
to prevent the fluid from entering the barrel, causing it to 
rust; polish the barrel perfectly; then rub it well with 
quick-lime by means of a cloth, which removes oil or 
grease ; now apply the browning fluid with a clean white 
doth, apply one coat .and set in a warm, dark place, until a 
red rust is formed over the whole surface, which will re- 
quire, in warm weather, from ten to twelve hours, and in 
cold weather, from fifteen to twenty hours, or until the rust 
becomes red ; then card it down with a gun-maker's card 
and rub oflF with a clean cloth ; repeat the process until the 
color suits, as each coat gives a darker shade. . . 

2. Quicker and less Laborious Process.— While in 
Evansville, Ind„ I sold one of my books to C. Keller, a 
man who carries on gunsmithing, extensively. He gave 
me the fotiowing, which he war using, and says it makes a 
dark brown, with but little labui' compared with the first. 

Soft watdr 1 qt., and dissolve it au blue vitriol 2 ozs. ; corrosi?9 





gnblimate 1 oz. ; and add 1 oz. of spirits of nitre. Have fhe bar- 
rel bright and put on one coat of the mixture : and in one hour 
after, put on another, and let the barrel ^tand 12 hours : then oil 
it and rub it with a cloth, ot course LaTing the ends of the barrel 
tightly plugged, as in the first place. 

But Mr. Sutherland, the gunsmith of this city, says the 
brown from this recipe will soon rub off; none being per- 
manent unless carded down properly, as directed with the 
first recipe, that mixture being also superior, 

Brownino for twisted Baerels.— Take spurits of nitre f oz. ; 
'tincture of steel f oz. (if the tincture of steel cannot be obtained, 
the unmedicated tincture of iron may be used, but it is not bo 
good) ; black brimstone \ oz. ; blue vitriol ^ oz. ; corrosive subli- 
mate i oz. ; nitric acid 1 dr., or 60 drops ; copperas J oz. ; mix 
with 1| pts. of rain water, keep corked, also, as the o^^er, and 
tlie process of applying is also the same. ■ '■. . ', / '■'' ■ 'Uf,v>:.<x 

You will understand this is not to make an imitation of 
twist barrels, but to be used upon the real twist barrels, 
which brings out the twist so as to show ; but if you use 
the first upon the real twist barrels, it will make the whole 
surface brown like the common barrel. 

CASE-HARDENING— For Lock-work.— Take old boots an^ 
shoes and lay them on a fire, and burn them until charred ; now 
put them into a clean kettle and pulverize them coarsely, 
while hot; be careful not to get any wood coals mixed with 


Directions. — Take the pulverized leather and place in a 
sheet-iron box, placing the articles to be hardened in the 
centre of the box, or amongst the pulverized leather, and 
cover with a sheet iron cover ; or make the box so as to 
shut up ; now blow up a fire of very dry charcoal ; the 
coarser the charcoal the better ; then open the fire and place 
the closed box in the centre, cover it up and let stand from 
forty to sixty minutes, not blowing ; but if the coals burn 
off md leave the box exposed, you will put no more ; at the 
expiration of the time, take the box and pour its contents 
into clean, moderately cool or cold water — never use warm 
water ; these articles will now be found very hard, and will 
easily break ; so you will draw the temper to suit. 

BROKEN SAWS— To Mend Permanently. -Pure silver 10 
parts ;^ i)ure copper one part ; pure brass two parts ; all are to h» 
filed into powder and intimately mixed. If the 8a>v is not re- 
cently broken, apply the tinning preparation of the iiext recipe,. 



Place the saw level upon the anvil, tfie broken" edges in 
"^ close contact, and hold them so ; now put a small line of 
the mixture along the seam, covering it with a larger bulk 
of powdered charcoal ; now with a spirit lamp and a jewel- 
ers' blow-pipe, hold the coal-dust in place, and blow sufficient 
to melt the solder mixture ; then with a hammer set the joint 
smooth, if not akeady so, nnd file away any superfluous 
solder ; and you will be surprised at its strength. The heal 
upon a saw does not injure its temper as it does other tools, 
^m the fact that the temper is rolled in, in place of by 
v> nl^eat and water. 

■^ TINNINGr— SuPERTOB TO THE Oli> PROCESS.— Take first, the same 
^as the old way ; that is, muriatic acid 1 pt., and as much pure 
block or sheet zinc as it will cut, in an o^en dish, a bowel, or 
something of that character, as much heat is set free, and bottles 
are often broken by it ; now take sal-ammoniac 4 ozs., pulverize it 
and add to the other, and boil ten minutes in a copper \ kettle- 
bear in mind, only copper is to be used to boil in. 

You will find this will cause the solder to flow right 
along without difficulty. Keep corked tight when not in 

^ .use. -'-f^ ■'■':" . ■'■' ■■• "'■ '•■ 

lac 10 ozs. ; gum sandarach 1 oz. : Venice tiurpentine 1 drachm ; 
alcohol, 95 to 98 proof, 1 gal. ; snake the jug occasienally for a 
day or two, and it is ready for use. 

After using a few coats of this, you can nave a German 
polish, by simply leaving out 8 ozs. of the shellac ; and a 
coat or two of the polish makes an improvement on the 
varnish, and does not require the rubbing, that it would if 
the full amount of shellac was used, in the last coat or two. 
It is recommended also to put upon cu^ sores, &c., burns 
excepted. '^-^ ' "^ '^ V' ' ■ ;^ - ■; ^- '' ^''' ^/ :%: , 





GALVANIZING — Withodt a Battery.— Dissolve cyanuretof 
potassium I oz., in pure rain or enow water 1 pint, to whidi 
add a I dr. bottle of the chloride of gold, and it is ready to use, 
Scour the article to be plated, from all dirt and grease, 
"^biting, chalk, or rotten stone, pulverisie4, and put in 



using a good bnish — or the " Polishing Componnd " No. 3 j if 
there are cracks it may be necessary to put the article in a solu- 
tion of caustic potash — at all events, every particle of grease and 
dirt must be removed ; then suspend the article to be plated in 
the cyanuret of gold solution, with a small strip of zinc cut about 
the width of a common knitting needle, hooking the top over 
a stick which will reach across the top of the jar holding Uie solu- 
tion. \ 

^^P^. \m:^^^\ 

Every five to ten minutes, the article should be taken. 
out and brushed over with the scouring preparation ; or on 
Bmooth surfaces it may be rinsed off, and wiped with a piece 
of cotton cloth, and return until the coating is sujBiciently 
heavy to suit. ". X 




f i. - ( k;i.iM ,»^s^A,mfti. ifi'iifcJii'S 


When the plating fluid is not in use, bottle it, keeping it 
corked, and it is always ready for use, bearing in mind that 
I it is as poisonous as arsenic, and must be put high out of the 
way of children, and labeled — Poison, although you will 
I have no fears in using it ; yet accidents might arise if its 
nature were not known. The zinc strip, as far as it reaches 
I into the fluid, will need to be rubbed occasionally, until IH 
is bright. 




2. Galvanizino with a Shilling Battery.— I have ' 
jfound some persons who thought it much better to use a^, 
flimple battery, made by taking a piece of copper rod about 
{three-eighths of an inch in thickness, and about eighteen or 
twenty inches long, and bend it as directed below : 



The rod should be about 4 or 5 inches in the circle or bend, 
[(hen run parallel, having 5 strips of sheet zinc, an inch wide, and 

to 8 inches long, bent in their centre around the copper, with a 
rivet through them, close to the rod, as shown above ; these strips 
)f zinc are to be placed into tumblers, the rod resting on top of 
Ihe tumblers, which are to be nearly filled with rain water ; then 
Sour into each tumbler a little oil of vitriol, until you see tiiai it 
^^08 to work a little on the zlne. 


t>tt. chase's beoipes 

<^ \ 

The article to be plated is to be suspended upon the striji 
of zinc fastened upon the long end of the rod, which is to 
be placed as before spoken of, in a jar containing the gold 
solution, instead of having it upon the stick spoken of when 
plating without the battery. And all the operations are tho 
same as before described. 

V JEWELRY— Cleaning and Polishino Compound. — Aquft ammo- 
nia 1 oz. ; prepared chalk ^ oz. ; mix and keep corked. 

To use for rings or other smooth-surfaced jewelry, wet a 
bit of cloth with the compound, after having shaken it, and 
rub the article thoroughly ; then polish by rubbing with a 
silk handkerchief or piece of soft buckskin. For articles 
which are rough-surfaced use a suitable brush. It is applj. 
cable for gold, silver, brass, Britannia-plated goods, &c. 



COLIC— Cure for Horses or Persons.— Spirits of 
turpentine 3 ozs. '; laudanum 1 oz. ; mix, and give all for a 
dose, by putting it into a bottle with half a pint of wailn 
water, which prevents injury to the throat. If relief is not 
obtained in one hour, repeat the dose, adding half an ounce 
of the best powdered aloes, well dissolved together, and 
have no uneasiness about the result. 

Symptoms. — The horse often lies down, suddenly rising again, 
with a spring ; strikes his belly with his hind feet, stamps with hia 
fore feet, and refuses every kind of food, &c. I suppose there is 
no medicine in use, for colic, cither in man or horse, equal to this 

For persons, a dose would he from 1 to 2 teaspoons ; children' 
or weak persons, less, according to the urgency of the symptoms ; 
to be taken in warm water or warm tea. I have been familiar 
with it for about 5 years, and know that it has been successful in 
Biany cases, all where it has been used. Many think it the best 
•olic remedy in the world. 

2. Another. — Imuuannm jj oz. ; suipnuric ether 1 oz. Mix, and 
for a horse give all at a dose, in warm water as above. Dose foi 
a person, as the first. 

A Mr. Thorpe, of whom I obtained this recipe, tells me 
lie lifts cured colio in horses, in every case, with the M 



dose, except one, and in tLau vnao oj repeating the uose 
thirty minutes after the first. There is no question but 
what it is good, and some would prefer it to the turpentine. 
I know it is valuable. 

BOTS — Sure Remedy. — ^When a horse is attacked with 

hots it may be known by the occasional nipping at their own 

sides, and by red pimples or projections on the inner sur- i 

face of the upper lip, which may be seen plainly by turning ' 

up the lip. ■ i 

FiBST, then, take new milk 2 qts. ; molasses 1 qt. ; and give the > 
horse the whole amount. Second, 15 minutes afterwards, give 
very warm sage tea 2 qts. Lastlt, 30 minutes after the tea, you 
will give of curriers' oil 3 pts. (or enough to operate as physio.) 
Lard has been used when ^e oil could not be obtained, witii the 
game success. 

The cure will be complete, as the milk and molasses cause 

the bots to let go their hold, the tea puckers them up, and 

the oil carries them entirely away. If you have any doubt, 

one trial will satisfy you perfectly, In places where the 

curriers' oil cannot be obtained, substitute the lard, adding 

three or four ounces of salt with it ; if no lard, dissolve 

a double handful of $&lt in warm water three pints, and 

give all. ^' ' ' ' '' 

RING-BONE AND SPAVINS— To Cure.— Egyptiacum and wine 
vinegar, of each 2 ozs.; water of pure ammonia, spirits -of turpen- 
tine and oil of origanum, of each 1 oz.; euphorbium and canthar- 
ides, of each ^ oz. ; glass made fine and sifted through gauze 1 dr. ; 
put them in a bottle, and when used let them be well shaken. 
This is to be rubbed upon the bone enlargement with the hand or 
spatula, for half an hour each morning, for six or seven mornings 
in euccossion. Let the horse be so tied that he cannot get his 
mouth to the place for 3 or 4 hours, otherwise he will blister his 
mouth and blemish the part. Then let him run until the scab 
comes off of itself without scraping, which injures the roots of the 
hair. Then repeat as before, and follow up for 3 or 4 times blis- 
tering, and all bone enlargements will be re-absorbed, if not of 
I more than a year or two's standing. 

It is also good for callous sinews^ and strains of long 

I standing, spavins, big-head, &c., but if there are ring-bones 

or spavins of so long standing that this does not cause theif 

[cure, you will proceed as follows : 

2. Add to the above compound, corrosive sublimat^^ in powder 
U oz., oil of vitriol ^ oz.; and common salt j^ oz.; when it is again 
[ready for use, always shaking well as you uso either preparation. 


Dit. (MA«E*e mown^. 


Now clip the hair and priok the bone or callous part at 
* fnll of holes as you can with a pegging-awl, which is jugi 
long enough to break through the callous part only. Or a 
better way to break up this bony substance is to have a han- 
dle like a pegging-awl handle, with three or four awls in it 
then tap it in with a stick and give it a wrench at the same 
time, which does the hurting part with more speed. This 
, done, bathe the part with vinegar, until the blood stops 
flowing J then apply the double compound as at first, for four 
, or five mornings only, repeating again if necessary ; and 
,^ ninety-nine out of every hundred ring-bones or spavins will 
, be cured ; and most of them with only the first preparation. 
The Bgytiaoum is made as follows : 

8. Take verdigris and alum in powder, of each 1 J oza. ; blue 
vi^iol, powdered, i oz. ; corrosive sublimate, in poT^der, ^oz.; 
vinegar 2 1-2 ozs.; noney 1-2 lb.; boil over a slow fire until of a 
Jjropep consistence. Wien used it must be stirred up well, as a 
eediment will deposit of some of the articles. 

If the hair does not come out again after using the last 
blister, use the " Good Samaritan Liniment " freely, on the 
cart, but the first will never distui])) the growth of hair. 
It is best always to commence this kind of treatment early 
/ in the seasoUj so as to effect a cure before cold weather 
comes QD. 

4. O. B. Bangs* Curb for Ring-Bonb and Spavin. — Take o 
cantharides pulverised, British oil, oil of origanum, and amber, 
«nd of spirits of turpentine, of each 1 oz.; olive oil 1-2 oz.; oil 
of vitriol 3 drs.; put all, except the vitriol, into alcohcl, etir the 
mixture, then slowly add the vitriol and continue to stir until ih 
mixture is complete, which is known by its ceasing to smoke, 
Bottle for use. 

• '^'Directions. — Tie a piece of sponge upon a stick and rub 
the preparation by this means, upon the spavin or ring-bone 
as long as it is absorbed Ji)to the parts ; twenty-four hours 
after, grease well with lard ; and in twenty-four hours more, 
wash off well with soap-suds. Mr. Bangs lives at Napoleon, 
^JiiiehM and has sold books for rae nearly two years. Ho 
says one application will generally be sufficient for spavins, 
but may nped twoj ring-bones always requrre two or three 
applioatiiOQa, three or four days apart, which prevents the 
iMsof hair; if not put <9d oftoner ihaa pace in three ot 



fmt days, the hair not oomfng out at all. Said to ctre 
wind-galls, flints, ^c. He obtained five dollars for curing 
a neighbor's horse of ring-bone with this preparation j stop- 
ping all lameness, but not removing the lump. 

5. In very bad cases of long standing, he thinks it pre- 
ferable to first apply the following : 

Take alcohol 1 pt. ; sal-ammoniac, corrosive sublimate, and oil 
of fipike, of each 1 oz ; mix. 

Apply ^y washing off and using lard afterwards, as above 
directed, washing also forty-eight hours after ; and when dry 
apply the first liniment once or twice, according to directiens. 
The object of this last is to open the pores of the skin and 
soften the himp. ; ^ • - , 

' ■■»',»' ( 

6. RiNG-BoNE Remedy. — Pulverized cantharides, oils of Bpike, 
origanum^ amber, cedar, Barhadoes tar, and British oil, of each 2 
ozs. ; oil of wormwood 1 oz. ; spirits of turpentine 4 ozs. ; common 
potash ^ oz. ; nitric acid 6 ozs. ; and oil of vitriol (sulphuric acid) 
4 6z3. ; lard 8 lbs. 

Directions. — Melt the lard and c;lowly add the acids. 
I Btir well and add the others, stirring until cold. Clip off 
t the hair and apply by rubbing and heating in ; in about 
three days, or when it is done running, wash off with suds 
i and apply again. In old cases it may take three or four 
weeks, but in recent cases two or three applications have 
[cured. It has cured long standing cases. 

7. Rawson's Rmo-BoNE and Spavin Cure.— Venice litirpentine 
land Spanish flies, of each 2 ozs. ; euphorbimn and aqua ammonia, 
[of each 1 oz. ; red precipitate 1-2 oz. ; corrosive Bublimate jf oz. ; 
[lard 1 1-2 lbs. Pulverize all and put into the lard ; simmer 
[Blowly over coals, not scorch or biu:n, and pour off fi'ee of sedi- 

Directions. — For ring-bones, cut off the hair and rub 
tlie ointment well into the lumps once in forty-eight hours. 
lor spavins, once in twenty-four hours for three mornings, 
lag perfectly cured them. Wash well each application, with 
puds, rubbing over the place with a smooth stick to squeeze 

it a thick yellow matter. ' . » ■ 

Mr. Rawson, of Hawsonville, Mich., has cured some ex- 
ceedingly bad cases of ring-bones, one as thick as a man's 
rm; and spavins as unpromising in size. 1£ ftoj^ly 

iked it will foam like boiling sugar. -?%,#, ^ ti^,^^^^ >^,^ 





8. Indian Method.— Bind a toad upon it ] or two, U one doei 
not cover it, and keep it on from 8 to 10 dajs. 

An Indian cured a horse in this way, near St. Louis, for 
"whioh he coveted, and received a rifle. The cure proved 
permanent. ^ > , 

9. Bonb-Spavins— Fbbncw Pastb— $300 Recipe.— Corrosive sub- 
limate, quicksilver, and iodine, of each 1 oz. ; with lard only gi^ 
fioient 4o form a paste. 

DiA£0TiONS. — Rub the quicksilver and iodine together, 
then adding the sublimate and finally the lard, rubbing 
thoroughly. ,> 

"^ - Shave ofif the hair the size of the bone enlargement; 
then fffceBse all around it, but where the hair is shaved off; 
this prevents the action of the medicine, only upon the 
spavin ; now rub in as much of the paste as will lie on a 
three cent piece only, each morning for four mornings only; 

^ in from seven to eight days the whole spavin will c^me uui; 

then wash out the wound with suds, soaking well, for u \ 

f hour or two, which removes the poisonous eflfects of 

medicines and facilitates the healing, which will be 
by any of the healing salves ; but I would prefer 
green ointment to any other in this case. 
. . Mr. Andrews, late of Detroit, who, during his life, kn^^wl 
/ a good horse, and also desired to know how to take ^ 
oiire of them, did not hesitate to pay three hundred doUiud 
for this recipe after seeing what it would do; he removed | 
■ a spavin from a mare's l^g with it, and she afterwards 
him more than the expense. 

- 10. Bone-Spavins. — Norwegian Cure. — S. B. Marl 

shall, the Champion Horse-Shoer and Farrier, of Whitel 

Pigeon, Mich., obtained this plan of an old Norwegian Far[ 

rier, and also his plan of curing poll-evil, which see, a 

assures me that he had been very successful with them. II 

obtained them of him for the purpose of publication, a 

sincerely think I can reccommend them to all who neei| 

^ ' them : 

Take dog's grease 1-2 pt. ; best oil of origanum 1 1-2 ozs. ; pil'l 
verized cantharides 1-2 oz. Mix and apply each morning, fortbi 
mornings ; heating it in with 'a hot iron each time ; then skip 
mornings, and apply again, as before, until it has been applied I 
^ times ; after which wait about ten days, and if it is not all go 
go over again in the same way. 



He says it does not remove the hair, but that it cures the 
taigest and worst cases. lie gives a test for good oil of 
origanum, saying that much oi it is reduced with turpen- 
tine ; and if so reduced, that it will spread on the skin, like' 
turpentine; but if good, that it does not spread on the skin, 
but stands, like other oil, where a drop is put on. I am 
Dot certain about the genuinf^ness of this test ; yet I find 
quite a difference in the spreading of the oils ; for that 
which is known to contain turpentine spreads fast and 
I freely ; whilst that which is bfJeved to be pure, spreads 
very slowly, yet does finally spread. The pure is of a dark 
wine color, whilst the poor is of a lighter shade, and some- 

11. Spavin Linimint. — Oils of spike, origanum, cedar, British 
land spirits of turpentine, of each 1 oz. ; Spanish-flies, pulverized, 

iJoz. ' ' - , . . ■ * , :. . 

Apply once in six to nine days only-^remove the lump 

|of spavins, splints, curbs, &c., if of recent occurrence; and 
le man of whom I obtained it, says he has scattered poll- 
evils before breaking out, with cedar oil, alone. 

12. Another. — ^Alcohol and spirits of turpentine, of each } pt. : 
am camplior, laudanum, and oil of cedar, of each 1 oz. : oils of 

Eemlock and rhodium, and balsam of fir, of each ^ oz. ; iodine 1 

''.jinix. ,,„i::; -,_ ■■?;': 

Apply night and morning, first washing clean and rub* 

bing dry with a sponge ; then rub the liniment into the 

^pavin with the hand. It causes a gummy substance to 

316 out, without injury to the hair — has cured ring-bones, 

Jso removing the lumps in recent cases. It cured the 

leness in a case of three years standing. 

13. Splint and Spavin Liniment. — Take a large mouthed bottle 
id put into it oil of origanum 6 ozs. ; gum camphor 2 ozs. ; mer- 
irial ointment 2 ozs. ; iodine ointment 1 oz. ; melt by putting the 

(ottle into a kettle of hot water. , . 

Apply it to bone-spavins or splints twice daily, for four 
five days. The lameness will trouble you no more. I 
WQ had men cure their horses with this liniment and re- 
lark that this recipe alone was worth more than the price 
the book; 

|U. Bog-Spavin and Wind^Jall Ointment, amo good for 

I, Splints, Rino-Bones, and Bone Spavin.— Take pulver- 

pd «aiitharidea 1 oxv | m«r«anal ointment 2 ozs. ; tincture of 







JOB. CHARES bechpes. 

iodine if oz : spirits of turpentine 2 ozs. : corrosive (mblimate l^ 
drg. ; lard 1 lb. 

Mix well, and when desired to apply, first cut off the 

hair, wash well and anoint, rubbing it in with the hand 

or glove if preferred. Two days after, grease the part with 

lard, and in two days more, wash off and apply the oint- 

ment again^ Bepeat the process every week, as long aa 
necessary.' ^.-...i^,.-;; j^; ^y ..y^r,,,^.,,^^ 

SWEENY. — Liniment.— Alcohol and spirits of turpentine, of 
each 8 ozs. ; camphor gum, pulverized cactharides, and capsicum, 
ofeach 1 oz. ; oil of spike 3 ozB. Mix. *' 

s^ Perhaps the best plan is to tincture the capsicum first, 

and use the tincture instead of the powder, by which means 

you aie free of sediment j bathe this liniment in TTith a hot 

Iron. The first case has yet to be found where it has not 

cured this disease when faithfully followed. ' 

2. Another. — Sal-ammoniac 2 ozs. ; corrosive sublimate 1 oz. ; 
alcohol 1 qt. ; water 1 qt., pulverize and mix. V^ 

This last recipe cured many cases of sweeny, and also kid- 
ney complaints, known by a weakness in the back, of horsesi 
or cattle. Bathe the loins with it j and give one to two 
bable-spoons at a dcse, daily. 

POLL-EVIL AND FISTULA— Positive Curb.— Common pot- 
ash I oz. ; extract of belladona ^ dr. ; gum arabic ^ oz. Dissolve 
the gum in as little water as practicable ; then havmg pulverized 
the potash, unless it is moist, mix the gum water with it, and it 
will soon dissolve ; then mix in the extract and it is ready to use: 
and it can be used without the belladona, but it is more painM 
nrithout it, and does not have quite as good an effect. 

Directions. — The best plan to get this into the pipes is 
by means of a small syringe, after having cleansed the sore 
with soap-suds ; repeat once in two days, until all the cal- 
lous pipes and hard fibrous base around the poll-evil or fis- 
tula, is completely destroyed. Mr. Curtis, a merchant of 
Wheaton, 111., cured a poll-evil with this preparation, by 
only a single application, as the mare estrayed and was Dot 
found for two months — then completely sound j but it mil 
generally require two or three applications. '^ ' •• ^ ^ ^ 

This will destroy corns and warts, by putting a little of 
it upon the wart or corn, letting it remain from five to ten 
minutes, then wash off and apply oil or vinegar, not squecj 
iog them out, but letting nature remoTe them. 

•( 'I 




ilimate 1|| 

t off the 
the hand 
part "With 
the oint- 
J long aa 

pentine, of 
I capsicum, ^j 

oum first, 
lich means 

it has not 

[mate loz.; 

ad also kid- 
k, of horsej 
one to tw 

ommon pot- 
>z. Dissolve 
_^ pulverized 
rti it, and it 
[eady tOTiae: 
lore painful 

I the pipes is 

3d the sore 

all the cal- 

[l-evil or fis- 

jerchant oi 

)aration, by 

tnd wasDOt 

but it ^1 

a little ol 

five to ten 

not equeca- 

2. Potash, to Make.— If yoa cannot buy the potash, called for 
in the last recipe, you can make it by leaching best wood ashes 
and boiling down the ley to what is called black salts, and con- ' 
tinning the heat in a thick kettle until they are m<^ited ; the heat 
burns out the blaek impurities and leaves a whitish grey substance 
called potash. 

This pot^h, pulverized and put into all the rat holes < 
about the cellars causes them to leave in double quick time, 
as mentioned in the '^ Eat Exterminator." The black salts 
trill do about as well for ra^s, but is not quite so strong. 
They get their feet into it, which causes a biting worse than 
their own, and they leave without further ceremony. 

Potash making in timbered lands is carried on very ex* 
tensiveiy ; using the thick, heavy potash kettle to boil and 
a^elt in ; then dipping it out inio three and five pail iron 
kettles to cool. 

8. PoLL-Evn. AND Fistula— Norwegian Curb.— Covjr the head 
ind neck with two or three blankets j have a pan or kettle of the 
best warm cider vinegar ; holding it under the blankets ; then 
iteam the parts by putting hot stones, brick, or iron, into the vine- 
l&x, and continue the operation until the horse sweats freely, 
doing this 3 mornings and skipping 3, until 9 steamings have been 

Mr. Marshall says, the pipes by tliis time, will seem to 
raised up and become loose, except the lower end, 
vhich holds upon the bone or tendons, like a sucker's 
mouth ; the apparent rising being caused by the going down 
dF the swelling in the parts ; now tie a skein of silk around 
I the pipes and pull them out ; washing the parts with weak 
copperas water until the sore heals up and all is well. He 
I lid me that he cured, in this way, a horse which had inter- 
fered until a pipe had formed at the place of isiterference, 
apoQ the leg, that when drawn out was as long as his finger.' 
[See the ** Norwegian Cure for Bone-Spavin." . : r l ' 

4. Another. — ^Rock salt and blue vitriol, of each 1 oz. ] coppert;s 
oz. ; pu^erize all finely and mb well. , . ,; ^, 


Pill a goose quill with the powder, and push it to the 

}ttom of the pipe, having a stick in the top of the quill, 

that you can push the powder out of the quill, leaving it 

kt the bottom of the pipe ; repeat again in about four days, 

[nd in two or three days from that time you fctn take hold 

' the pipe and removo it without trouble ..,.,. 


















5. FoLL-Bvit, TO Scatter.— Take a quantity of nuuddrakd root 
in.iSii, and boil it ; strain and bell down until rather thick ; thed 
lorm an ointment bj simmering it with sufficient lard for that 
purpose. „,,.\„ ,..,.,....;.-,...:- ■^, ..... 

s Anoint the Bwelling once a day, for jsevenu days, until 
well. It has cured them after they were broken out, by 
putting it into the pipes a few times, also anointing around 
the sore. 

6. Another.— Poll-evils and Fistulas have been cured by pushing 
a piece of lunar caustic into the ptpe, then filling the hole yrm 
curriers' oil. Or: ,^y.-^:^^:.>j^.^-:'.^',-.'^*:->^^^'^^''^y^^'^'^-yi ■„■ 

7. Another.— Corrosive sublimate, the size of a common bean 
pI2lverized and washed in tissue paper, and pressed to the bottom 
Qf the pipes, leaving it in eight days, then take out, and 
applying the blue ointment (kept by druggists) has cured them. 
Or: , 

8. Another.— Arsenic, the size of a pea, treated in the^ sanie 
way, has cured the same disease. But if the Norwegian plan will 
work as recommended, it is certainly the best of alL 

9. Another. — Oil of vitKiol put into the pipes has cured many 
poll-evils. , .; V .... 

I found one man, also, who had cured poll-evil by placing 
a barrel of water about fifteen feet high, on a platform, upon 
two trees — administering a shower bath daily upon the sore ; 
drawing the water by a faucet, through a dinner horn placed 
little end down ; tying the horse so as to keep him in posi- 
tion until all the water runs out. Fifteen or twenty baths 
cured him, but it broke out again the next season, when a 
few more baths made a final cure. 

CJsB OVER Seventy Years. — Tormentil root, powdered. Dose for a 
horse or cow 1 to 1 1-2 ozs. It may be stirred in 1 pt. of milk and 

r'ven, or it may be steeped in 1 1-2 pts. of milk, then given fros 
to 6 times daily until cured. 

It has proved valuable also for persons. Dose for a per* 
fon would be from one-half to one j;easpoon steeped in milk; 
but if used for persons I should recommend that half ai 
juach rhubarb be combined with i^ ^ >^ v;^.^ -h ^ti > 

An English gentleman from whom it was obtained, had 

been familiar with its use nearly eighty years, and nevef 

/mew a failure, if taken in any kind of seasonable time< 

*Xhe tormentil^ or septfoil, in au European plant, and very 


■'*,vrt*. #•« •»».■••« 



•"i •\ 




2. Beef Bones for Scours. — Bum the bones fhoronghly, and 
pulverize finely^ ; then give one table-spoon in some d^ feed, 3 
times daily, until checked. >. sts— ., 

This preparation has thirty years experience of an Amer- 
ican gentleman, near Fcntonville, Mich., to recommend it 
to general favor. . ,».- ,„ 

3. Scours and Pei-"Worms op Horses and Cattle.— White 
ash bark burnt to ashes, and made into rather a strong ley ; then 
mix ^ pt. of it with warm water 1 pt., and give all 2 or 3 timea 
daily. . ...^ .. ..,,.. \/ .. ■ ^/ -r. .T .... ,■ '^"' ' ' ^•■- T v -^ i ' ' i\ nf) TT " ■ ■ :■ 

Whenever it becomes certain that a horse or cow is 
troubled with pin-worms, by their passing from the bowels, 
it is best to adminster the abovd, as they are believed to bd 
the cause, generally, of fyjours, and this remedy carries off 
the worms, thus curing the inflammation by removing the 

HOR'^i: OINTMENT.— De Gray or Sloan's.— Rosin 4 obs. ; 
bees-wax 4 ozs. ; lard 8 ozs. ; honey 2 ozs. Melt these articlBs 
slowly, gently bringing to a boil, and as it begins to boil, remove 
from the fire and slowly add a little less than a pint of spirits 
of turpentine, stirring all the time this is being added, and stir 
until cool. 

This is an extraordinary ointment for bruises, in flesh or 

hoof, broken knees, galled backs, bites, cracked h«>els, &o., 

&o. ; or when a horse is gelded, to heal and keep away flies. 

It is excellent to take fire out of burns or scalds in buma« 

flesh also. ^ , / ./ 

CONDITION POWDERS.— Said to be St John's.— Feaugreek. 
cream of tartar, gentian, sulphur, saltpetre, rosin, black Mutimony, 
and ginger, equal quantities of each, say 1 oz. ; all txt be fi^^e^y 
pulverized ; cayenne also fine, half the quantity of asy one of the 
etiiera, say ^ oz. Mix thoroughly. ' '"-• ■*i 

It is used in yellow water, hide-bound, coughs, colds, dis- 
temper, and all other diseases where condition powders are 
generally administered. They carry off gross humors and 
purify the blood. Dose — In ordinary cases give two tea- 
spoons once a day, in feed. In extreme cases give it twice 
daily. If these do not give as good satisfaction as St. 
John's or any other condition powder that costs more than 
double what it does to make this, then I will acknowledge 
that travel and study are of no account in obtaining infor- 






2. GATSAATto CoMsmoN PowDBB.->€rftmbop;e, alnm, saltpetre, 
rosin, copperas, ginger, aloes, gum myrrh, salts and salt, and if the 
horse is in a very low condition, put in worm-wood, all the same 
quantities, viz., 1 oz. each. Dose— One table-spoon in bran twice 
daily ; not giving any other grain for a few days ; then once a daj 
with oats and other good feed. - y r?; n 

This last is more applicable for old worn-down horsee 
which need cleaning out and starting again into new life ; 
and in such cases, just the thing to be desired. , ^ ,k. 

HOESE LINIMENTS— For Stipf-Neok prom Poli 
Evils. — Alcohol one pint ; oil of cedar, origanum, and 
gum-camphor, of each two ounces; oil of amber one ounce; 
use freely. - .... 

2. EnglishStableLiniment— Vert Strono.— Oil of spike, aqmi 
ammonia, and oil of turpentine, of each 2 ozs. ; s^eet oil and oil 
of amber, of each li^ ozs. ; oil of origanum 1 oz. Mix. 

Call this good for any thing, and always keep it in the 
stable as a strong liniment ; the Englishman's favoiite for 
poll-evils, ringbones, and all old lameness, inflammations, 
&c. ; if much inflammation, however, it will fetch the hair, 
but not destroy it. 

3. NEii/B AND Bone Ltntment.— Take beefs gall 1 qt. ; alcohol 
1 pt. ; volatile liniment 1 lb. ; spirits of turpentine 1 lb. ; oil oi 
origanum 4 ozs. ; aqua ammonia 4 ozs. : tincture of cayenne j[ pt ; 
oil of amber 3 ozs. ; tincture of Spanish flies 6 ozs. ; mix. 

"^ Uses too well known to need description. This is more 
jtarticularly applicable to horse flesh. 

4. LiNDfEMT FOB Onb Shimjno A QuART.— Bcst vinogaT 2 qls.: 
salipetre, pulverized ^ lb. ] mix and set in a warm place until 

dissolved. ■-.■■,;., ^Ar-^^' . .r,cs. ,. ■':!■*■■• 

'T( .■ ^ 

■;••'. i.V'H 

It will be found valuable for spavins, sprains, straina. 
bruises, old swellings, &c. , , -r .' /;r : 

BROKEN LIMBS—Trbatment, Instead or iNmniAiJLT Shootinq 
THE Horse. — ^In the greater number of fractures it is only ne- 
cessary to partially sling the horse by means of a broad piece 
of sail or other strong cloth (as represented in the figure), 
placed under the animal's belly, furnished with two breecbmgs 
and two breast-girths, and by means of ropes and pulleys 8^ 
tached to a cross-beam above, he is elevated or lowered, as maybe 

It would seldom be necessary to raise them entirely oi 

Jlksit feet^ aa the/ will Im BMnre quiet, generally, whfli 




allowed to touch the ground or floor. The h«ad-stall shomid 
be padded and ropes reaching each way to the stall, as well 
as forward. Many horses will plunge about for a time, but 
soon quiet down, with an occasional exception [ when they 
become quiet, set the bone, splint it well, padding the splints 
with batting, securing carefully, then k^ep wet with cold 
water, as long as the least inflammation is present, using 
light food, and a little water at a time, but may be given 

'A V 

■..1' V 


'.!.^U^is .■■■J*>i i'i'-it- <* 

. ,tv/ 




The use of the different buckles and straps will be easily 
understood. .,■-'- -i;,v;*-. W'^^it-'-.^ \.. •.A...--\,\vm^fj 


-'ii') *ir 4\ .•»r.'i', ^ ''v.v V /J 

h. .! 

•U^ 1!!';^V;' 

../; ;' .>•* 

6f:|.«i.f^/ \^'^'l.^J. ^5 rt^, ;; ■; 

.^■,« :■■(• 

■■:s#'? fcfti ^j -'• 

•i: '. 

. 1 1 

If he is very restive, other ropes can be attached to iKo 
corner nngs, which are there for that purpose, and will 
afford much additional relief to the horse. , . ^ 

''%!'?? !#SB ,ifj; 

'^^^aii^vr ; .;<»;;> 

t';r;;'''''\i f ,4.'iii-ri,v, A 



I knew a horse's thigh to crumble upon the race-oonrsid, 
without apparent cause, which lost him the stake he would 
have easily won ; he was hauled miles upon a sled, slung, 
and cured by his humane owner. Then let every fair 
tieans be tried, before yoa wueat to take the life, even of 
• brokun-lefQs^lMttie. . 


DB. chase's tUEOIPES.' 


l>i WOUND BAI^AM— For Hobsb or Human Fijbsb.— Gnin ben- 
■oine, in powder, 6 ozs. ; balgam of tolu, in powder, 3 ozs. ; giun 
Ctoraz 2 ozs. ; frankincense, in powder, 2 ozs. ; gum myrrb, in 
powder, 2 ozs. ; Socotoriae aloes, in powder, 3 ozs. ; alcohol 1 gal. 
Mix them all together and put them in a digester, and give them a 
gentle heat for three or four days ; then strain. 

A better medicine can hardly be found in the Materia 
Medica for healing fresh wounds in every part of the body, 
particularly those on the tendons or joints. It is fre(]ueQt- 
ly given internally along with other articles, to great ad- 
vantage in all colds, flatulency, and in other debilities oi 
the stomach and intestines. Every gentleman, or farmer, 
ought to keep this medicine ready prepared in his house, as 
a fimily medicine, 'for all outs, or recent wounds, either 
among his cattle or any of his family. Thirty or forty 
drops, on a lump of sugar, may be taken at any time, for 
flatulency, or pain at the stomach; and in old age, where 
nature requires stimulation. — Even/ Man his Own JFhnier, 

Ley made from wood ashes, and boil white-oak bark in it until it 
it is quite strong, both in ley and bark ooze ; when it is cold, it ia 
ready for use. 

First wash off the horse's legs with dish water or oastile 
soap ; and when dry, apply the ooze with a swab upon a 
stick which is sufficiently long to keep out of his reach, as 
he will tear around like a wild horse, but you must wet all 
well once a day, until you see the places are drying up. 
The grease-heel may be known from the common scratches 
by the deep cracks which do not appear in the commoo 
kind. Of course this will fetch off the hair, but tbf disease 
has been known to fetch off the hoof; then to bring on the 
hair again, use salve made by stewing sweet elder bark in 
old baoon ; then form the salve by adding a little rosin ao 
cording to the amount of oil when stewed, a1)0ut a quarter' 
of a pound to each pound of oil. 

2. Another.— Verdigris i oz. ; whisky 1 pt, are highly recom- 
mended for grease-heel. 

: '. 3. Common ScRAXcnES.— Use sweet oil 6 ozs.: borax 2 ozs.; sugar 
of lead 2 ozs.; mix, and apply twice daily, after washing off with 
dish-water, and give time to allow the legs to dry. 

* These plans have been used for years, by George Clemm, 

of Logansport, Indiana, and he assured me that the worst 

will be oured| of either diseasei ia a-veif^i^^a^ 



VABBiBBs' jtsBisnaurv. 


4. Another.— Copperas and chamber-ley are knnwn to be good 
for common scratcbes, applied, as the last, after washing with 
dish-water and drying. This last can be tried first, as it is easily 
obtained, and if it does not succeed you will not foil with tihe 

SADDLE AND HARNESS GALLS— Bruise8, Abrasions, Ac.— 
RsMEDT. — White lead and linseed oil mixed as for paint, is almost 
iflvuluable in abrasions, or galls from the saddle or collar, or from 
any other cause, it will speedily aid the part in healing. • 

Applied with a brush to the leg of a horse, thd cater 
coating of hair and skin of which was torn off, caused it to 
heal and leave no scar. It is good for scratches and aU 
sores upon horses, or other anim&ls, and equally good foiy 
men. It forms an air-tight coating/ and soothes paia« 
Every farmer should keep a pot and brush ready for usew 
White lead is the carbonate of the metal, and when pure ii 
7ery white. That having a greyish tint is impure, being ^ 
generally adulterated. For use as a paint, a lead color ii 
produced by adding lamp-black, an(^ i drab or stone color, 
by adding burned umber. 

In applying it for scratches, first wash them clean with 
soap and water, then apply. Some persons prefer lamp-oil. 
If that is used, you will mix both together until the oU as- 
sumes a light straw color. When the horse comes in at 
oight his legs should be washed perfectly clean and rubbed 
perfectly dry. Then apply the mixture, rubbing it well to 
the skin. Two or three applications are sufficient to effect a 
perfect cure, no matter how bad the <iase may be. — Correg* 
pondence of the Country Gentleman, , m • ' i»* ij 

To give confidence in this, I would say that a laay, at 
Lafayette, Ind., told me she cured herself of ialt-rheum 
with white-lead and syreet oil only. 

2. Another. — Alcohol and extract of lead, of each, S! ozs. ; son 
water 4 ozs. ; spirits of sal-ammoniac 1 oz. \ white copperas } oz. 
Mix all, and shake as used. 

'^Enowlson's Complete Farrier' ' speaks veiy highly of 
!^is last prepantioDy whkii 9sni be tried, ehouid t£e first 
Above fail. 

3. Sores from CBAFm6 of the Bits.— Chloroform and sulphurio 
ether, equal ports of each. Keep closely corked. 

SpoDge off the mouth with water every time the bitijat^ 







ikken oat; then wet well with the mixture. It win also 
! )e found valuable to remove soreness from any cause, on 
.nan or horse. ^ 


4. Another.— White ashes and spirits of turpentine, of each 
1 1-2 table-spoons ; black pepper, ground, 1 table-spoon ; lord to 
make 1 pt. of all, mix well and anoint. 



' HEAVES. — Great Relief. — Heaves, the common 
name for any difficulty in the breathing of a horse, is sus- 
ceptible of great alleviation by attention to the character and 
j quantity of food to be eaten by the animal, as every one 
knows. If a horse suffering from this disease, is allowed to 
distend his stomach at his pleasure, with dry food entirely, 
and then to drink cold water, as much as he can hold, he is 
nearly worthless. But if his food be moistened, and he bo 
allowed to drink a moderate quantitv only at a time, the 
. disease is much less troublesome. 

i" t »-( 

A still further alleviation may be obtained ft'om the use; of bal- 
sam of fir and balsam of copabia, 4 ozs. each ; and mix with 
calcined magnesia sufficiently thick to make it into balls ; give a 
middling sized ball night and morning, for a week or ten days. 
Thia gives good satisfaction, and is extensively sold by Eberbaeb 
& Co., druggists, of this city. 

2. Another. — An old Farrier assures me that lobelia 
one teaspoon, once a day, in his feed, for a week, and then 
once a week; that you can hardly tell whether the horsfs 
ever had the heaves oi not. 

- 3. Another. — H. Sisson, another Farrier, gives rae a 
cure which somewhat resembles the ball first given under 
this head, and thus each one supports the other, r > 

* ' Ho takes calcined magnesia, l)alsam of fir, and balsam of 
'copabia, of each 1 oz. ; spintd of turpentine 2 ozs. : and puts them 
«U into one pint of cider vine^jj*, and gives for a doso 1 table- 
spoon in his feed, once a day for a week \ then every other day for 
two or three months. '■' : y ; : * \', "^ ' , , . .. 

The horse will cough more at first, but looser and looser 
until cured. Wet his hay with brine, and also wet his 

iced* ;■■»:. V ■^•' , ' i» - .■' -r-r '■ .V.-, .'.-/.-■ ; . • - 

4. Another. — )il[r. Bangs highly 'recommerids the following: 
Lobelia, wild turnip, elecampane, and skunk cabbage, equal parts 
of each. Make into balls of common size, and give one for a dose, 
or make a tincture, by putting four ounces ot the mixture into 2 
qts. of spirits ; and after a week put 2 tablespoons into their fee^ 
puce A oaj lor A montb or two. 

VABBEBBa' VBPAbilllSini 


5. AN0THKB.-~0y8ter shells 1 peck ; bum into lime an^l phU^ 
verize ; mix a single bandfiil of it with | gill of alcohol, then miS' 
it with the o^ts each morning until all is given. . ^^ , 

Tills, for bellows heaves, has done very much good. 
Horse radish grated and put in with the feed has benefitted.* 
Cabbage, as common feed, is good to relieve, or any juicy; 
food, lilte pumplcins, &o., &o., will be found to relieve veiy' 
much. Farmers who have their horses always at home can 
keep them comfortable with some of the foregoing direc- 
tions ; but broken-winded horses might as well be knocked 
in the head as to attempt to travel with them, expecting any 
satisfaction to horse or driver. 

6. Another. — ^A correspondent of the Country Gentle" 
man says that ^' heaves may be greatly alleviated by feeding 
raw fat pork. 

" Commence with a piece of pork, say a cubic inch, chopped 
yery fine, and mixed with the wetted grain or cut feed, twice a • 
day, for two or three days. Then from day to day increase the 
quantity and cut less fine, until there is given with each feed such 
a slice as usually by a farmer's wife is cut for frying— nearly as 
large as your hand, cut into fifteen or twenty pieces. 

" Continue this for two weeks, and the horse is capable of 
any ordinary work without distress, and without showing 
the heaves. I have experience and observation for the past 
ten years as proof of the above." — [J., of BurUngtoUj Vt, ■ 

DISTEMPER— To Distinguish and CuRB.—If it is 
thought that a horse has the distemper, and you do not 
feel certain, wet up bran with rather strong weak ley — if 
not too strong they will eat it greedily ; if they have the ' 
distemper a free discharge from the nostrils and a conse- * 
qaent cure will be the result, if continued a few days ; but 
if only a cold, with swellings of the glands, no change will 
be discovered. ^^.^ ^ , . . 

SHOEING HOIISES---F0R Winter Travel.— N.i>.! 

Willis, of the Home Journal, in one of his recent Idlewild 

letters says: „y^^ 

" You have discovered, of course, that you cannot have unin- 
terrupted winter riding with a horse shod in the ordinary way. 
The sharp points of the frozen mud will wound the lirog of th« 
foot ; and with snow on the ground, the hollow hoof soon col- 
a hard ball, wbicli ^nakes the footing very insecure. Bat 

11 f 



SB. (babb's monsa. >'^ 



these erlia fM?e remedied by a piece of sole leather nniled on nnder 
theidioe — a protection to ihe hoof which malces a surprising differ- 
ence in the confidence and sure-footedness of the animal's step." 

. FOUNDER— Remedy.— Draw about 1 gal. of blood from the 
neck ; then drench the horse wiih linseed oil 1 qt. ; now rub the 
fore legs long and well, with water as hot as can be borne without 

Tlu0 remedy entirely cured a horse whioh liad been 
fovpd^red on ^heat two days before the treatment began. 

PHYSIC — Ball for Horses. — Barbadoes aloes from 4 to 6 or 6 
dfB. (according to the size and strength of the horse) ; tartrate of 
potassia 1 dr. ; ginger and castile soap, of each 2 drs. ; oil of anise 
or pepi)ermint 20 drops ; pulverize, and make all into one ball 
wUh thick gum solution. 

Before giving a horse physic, he should be prepared for 
it by feeding scalded bran, in place of oats, for two days at 
least, giving also water which has the chill taken ofiC and 
continue this feed and drink, during its operation. If it 
b1^uI4 not operate in forty-eight hours, repeat half the dose. 

2. Pbtsio for Cattle.— F attle, take haJf only of the dose, 
above, for a horse, and add to ^ glauber salts 8 ozs. ; dissolve all 
in gruel 1 qt., and give as a drench ; for cattle are. not easily 
maiiaged in giving balls, neither is their construction adapted to 
d|7 medicine. 

'^ There is not the ^eed of preparation for cattle, generally, 
as for horses, from the &ct of their not being kept up to 
graip, if they are, however, let the same precautions be ob< 
servfed as :in < * Physio Ball for Horses." T in ; f ? v 

' «HOQF-AIL IN SHEEP— Sure Rbmedt.— Muriatic acid and but- 
ter of antimony, of each 2 ozs. ; white vitriol, pulverized, 1 oz. 

J>paOTl0m*-^hii^ the fpot and drop a little of it upon 
the boM^oJu. It will need to bfi applied only once or twice 
a week — as often only as they limp, which shows that the 
foo^ is beopming tender again,, It kills the old hoof, and a 
new on^ |90on takes its place. Have no fears about the re- 
sult : apply the medicine as often as indicated, and all k 

It has proved yaluable in growing off horse's hoofs^ when 
iDaggl^, or contraction piade it necessary. ;>.^ 

-BYE-WATER— For Horses and Cattle.— Alcohol 1 tabl$^ 
Ip09ll I •Xtr^pt of lead 1 teaspoon ; rain water 1-2 pi -^-A-f 




Wteh tbe eye freely, ttb oi* three timea daily. Btil I . 
preftr the " Eye Water" as pepftred for persons ; and alldW 
me here to say that ifhat is good for man, in the line of 
medicine, is good for a ^orse, by inereasing the doM to 00^- 

TAMING — PRiNoiPr.EB Applied to Wild and Vu 
oious IIoRSES; — I havo thought, in closing up this 1)6- 
partment, that I could not devote a page to a better pur- 
pose than to the so-Oalled secret of taming. For it iH a 
siecrel, but it lies in a different point from what is getieTinlly 
believed, which I will attempt to show. * *-; 

Several persons are advertising books for t&ttilkg i^ 
horses, and other persons are going about teaching the art 
to classes in private. Probably the pupils get their money's 
worth. But, why do so many fail ? The whole secret licfs 
in this, that many persons can never handle a horse, with all 
tbe instruction in the world — it is not in them. They dannot 
establish a sympathy between themselves atd the horse, 
and if they become horse trainers, they have only mistaken 
their calling, and the money they laid out is perhups Ifei 
cheap a way as they could be taught their mistake. ^ -^^ <^ 

To be a suooessful horse trainer, he must have a tt^'^i- 
thy with the horse and a personal power of control. This 
reminds us of an old gentleman's remarks on the subjecft 
of sweeny. He said : " There were a great many rebipcfa 
of penetrating oils, applications, etc., but the great secret 
was in faith," without which no person will persevere it 
sufficient length of time with either of them. This holdb 
good in all diseases, as well as in handling or taming b 
horso. , ■--■:''.' '■ ■ ■■■ ■• '^"'i -•;/.;'»«• 

The mystJBTy or secret, then, is in knowing how, aHid hav- 
ing the stamina (power) to do it. 

As for recipes, they consist in using the horse-dastoit (ft 
wort, which grows upon the inside of the leg, grated fitid, 
oil of cumin, and oil of rhodium, kept separate in air-tight 
bottles ; these all possess peculiar properties for attraetii^ 
and subduing animals. 

" Rub a little oil of cumin upon your hand, and approach 
the horse in the field, on the windward side, so that he can 
ipell the cumin. The horse will let you come up to hila 

■ f 








\ " Immediately rub yonr hand gently on the home's nose, 
getting a little of the oil on it. You can then lead him 
: an3rwhere. Give him a little of the castor on a piece o( 
. loi^ sugar, apple, or potato. 

'' Put eight drops of the oil of rhodium into a lady's 
. thimble. Take the thimble between the thumb and mid- 
.€lle finger of your right hand, with the ^ore finger stopping 
.Ihe mouth of the thimble to prevent kUo oil from running 
^<out, whilst you are opening the mouth of the horse, r 
', '* As soon as you have opened the horse's mouth, tip tlio 
ihimble oyer upon his tongue, and he is your servant. He 
J will follow you like a pet dog. Very doubtful. — ^Author. 

'' Hide fearless and promptly, with your knee pressed to 
the side of the horse, and your toes turned in and heels out; 
then you will always be on the alert for a shy or sheer from 
ithe horse, and he oan never throw you. 

" If you want to teach him to lie down, stand on his nigh 

or left side ; have a couple of leather straps, about six feet 

long; string up his left leg with one of them around his 

neck ; strap the other end of it over his shoulders ; hold it 

in your hand, and when you are ready, t^il him to lie down, 

at the same time gently, finnly, and steadily pulling on the 

jtrap, touching him lightly with a switch. The horse will 

immediately lie down. Do this a few times, and you oan 

.make him lie down without the straps. 

t " He is now your pupil and friend. Yott oan teach him 

anything, only be kind to him — be gentle. Love him and 

he will love you. Feed him before you do yourself. She!- 

,ter liim well, groom him yourself, kee*^ him clean, and at 

night always give him a good bed." , 

It will be perceived, by reference to the following 
item from Bell's LifCy that the secret for taming horses, by 
which Mr. Barey has made himself so rich and famous, 
instead of being a divination of his own, waHi probably ob< 
iained by him through some accidental contact with an old 
volume, which had long disappeared frop observation, and 
hardly held a place in public libraries : » -\ '"Sf^rf ' 

A correspondent sends us the following : " In the Gen- 
.'tlemen's Farriery, by Bartlett (sixth edition), published in 
.1762 (one hundred years ago), page 293 is the following: 
^ The method proposed by Dr. Bracken is to tie np one iA 



the foro feet close, and to fasten a cord or small rope about 
the other fetlock, bringing the end of it over the horse's 
shoulders ; then let him be hit or kicked with your foot 
behind that knee, at the same time pulling his nose down 
Btrongly to the manger. You will bring him upon his 
knees, where he should be held till he is tired, which can- 
not be long, but if he does not lie down soon, let him be 
thrust sideways against his quarters, to throw him over ; by 
forcing him down several times in this way, you may teach 
him to lie down, at the same words you first used for that 
purpose." You will see that Mr. Barey's system is exactly 
the same. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that he obtained the 
knowledge, and naturally possessing the firmness, fearless 
energy and muscle sufficient to back the whole, he has be* 
come the horse tamer of the world. 

Without all these qualifications no one need undertake 
the business, no matter how often he pays five dollars for 
recipes or instruotions 



POLISH. — For New Fdrniturb. — Alcohol, 98 per cent, 1 pt. ; 
gums copal and shellac, of each 1 oz.; dragon's blood, ^ oz. Mix 
and dissolve by setting ia a warm place. - ; , ? > 

Apply with a sponge (it is best in the sun or a warm 
room) about three coats, one directly after the other as fast 
as dry, say fifteen to twenty minutes apart ; then have a 
fpall bunch of cotton batting tied up in a piece of woollen ; 
t^l^ this in alcohol and rub over the surface well ; now go 
OTer the surface with a piece of tallow, then dust on rotten- 
itone from a woollen bag and rub it with, what is often called, 
the heel of the hand ; now wipe it oflF with cotton cloth, and 
the more you rub with this last cloth, the better will be the 

Although this professes to be for new work, it does not 
hurt the looks of old, not the least bit j try it all who want 
their furniture to show a gloss and answer the place of look 

*»«i(f *■*/) 


BB. chase's BBOIFES. 


' If soldiers win try it on their gun-stooks, they will find it 
jnst the thing desired. 

2. Polish for Revivino Old Furnitdrb, Equal to the "Bro- 
ther Jonathan." — Take alcohol 1^ ozs.; spirits of salts (muriatic 
t4oid)>} oz.; linseed oil, 8 ozs. ; best vinegar, \ pt. ; and butter of 
antitnony, 1^ ozs.; mix, putting in the vinegar last. 

It is an excellent reviver, making furniture look nearly 
equal to new, and really giving polish to new work, always 
shaking it as used. But if you cannot get the hutter of 
aottiirony, the following will he the next hest thing : 

3. Polish for Removino Stuns, Spots and Mildevt from Furni- 
ture. — Take ot 98 per cent, alcohol, J pt.; pulverized rosin and gum 
shellac, of each \ oz. Let these cut in the alcohol ; then add 
linseed oil, ^ pt; shake well and apply with a sponge, brush or 
cotton flannel, or an old newspaper, rubbing it well after the 
application, which gives a nice polish. - . 

These are just the thing* for new furniture when sold and 
ahout to he taken out of the shop ; removing the dust and 
giving the new appearance again. 

4. Jet, or Polish for Wood or Leather, Black, Red, or Blue.-— 
Alcohol (98 per cent.), 1 pt.; sealing-wax, the color desired, 3 
sticks dissolved by heat, and have it warm when applied. A 
aponge is the best to apply it with. 

For hlack on leather it is hest to apply copperas water 
first to save extra coats ; and paint wood the color desired 
also, for the same reason. On smooth surfaces, use the tal- 
low and rotten-stone, as in the first polish. It may be 
applied to carriage-bodies, cartridge-boxes, dashes, fancy 
baskets, straw bonnets, straw hats, &c. 

FURNITURE.— Finishing with only One Coat op VARNisn, 
not using Glue, Paste, or SnELLAC.—Take boiled linseed wil and 
give the furniture a coat with a brush ; then immediately sprinkle 
dry whitiiig upon it and rub it in well with your hand, or a brush 
which is worn rather short and stiflF, over all the suiface ; the 
whiting absorbs the oil, and the pores of the wood are thus filled 
with a perfect coat of putty, which will last tor ages j and water 
will not spot it nor have any effect upon it. 

For mouldings and deep creases in turned wprk, you can 
mix them quite thick, and apply them together, with the 
old brush, but on smooth surfaces, the hand and dry whit- 
ing are best. If black walnut is the wood to be finished, 
you will put a trifle of burned umber in the whiting — ^il 
for cherry, a little Yonetian red \ bee ^h or maple will re» 



quire less red. Only sufficient is to boused, in either case, 
to make the whiting the color of the wood, being finished. 
Bedstead-posts, bannisters, or standards, for bedsteads and all 
other turned articles can have the finish put on in the lathe, 
in double quick time ; spreading a newspaper on the lathe 
to save the scattering whiting, applying it with the hand or 
hands, having an old cloth to rub off the loose whiting 
which does not enter the pores of the wood ; the same with 
smooth surfaces also. 

This preparation in cheap ; and it is a wonder that furni- 
ture men have not thought of it before. Three coats of 
varnish without it is not as level as one with it, from the 
fact that some of the varnish enters the pores of the wochI 
and does not dry smooth ; >. ut with the pores filled with thia 
preparation, of course it must dry smooth and level, with- 
out rubbing down. 

STAINS — ^Mahogany on Walnut, Natural as Nature.— 
Apply aqua fortis by means of a rag tacked to a stick ; for if you 
use a brush it will very soon destroy it. Set the furniture in the 
hot sun to heat in the aqua fortis, if no sun, heat it in by a stove or 

It is better if heated in, but does quite well without heat- 
ing. Finish up in every other way as usual. 

This finish is applicable to fancy tables, stands, lounges, 

coffins, &c., and equally beautiful on knots and crotches, 

giving walnut the actual appearaijce of mahogany, and as 

it is appearances only that most people depend upon, why 

will this not do as well as to transport timber from beyond 

fclie seas? 

RosE-WooD Stain, Vert Bright Shade, Used Cold.— Take Al- 
eohol 1 gal. ; camwood 2 ozs. ; let them stand in a warm place 24 
tours ; then add extract of logwood 3 ozs. ; aqua fortis 1 03. ; and 
when dissolved it is ready for use ; it naakes a very bright ground, 
like the most beautiful rose-wood — one, two, or more coats, as you 
desire, over the whole surface. 

This part makes the bright streaks or grains ; the dark 
ones are made by applying, in waves, the following : 

Take iron turnings or chippings, and put vinegar upon them j 
l«t it etand a tew hours and it is ready to apply over the other, 
by means of a comb made for graining ; or a comb made from 
tbmnish India rubber ; the teeth should bo rather good length ; 
say half an inch, and cut close together or further apart as de- 
aii'ed ; and with a little praqtipe. ei^ceUent imitation will be ^ade, 

. if^^^nnf-iam-' 



VB. chase's decifes 


' ThiS; for chairs, looks very beautiful to apply the darken* 
ing; mixture by means of a flat, thin-haired brush, leaving 
only a little of the red color in sight ; and if you wai?'* to. 
make the cringles, as sometimes seen in rose-wood, it is 
done with a single tooth or pen, bearing on sometimes hard 
and then light, &c., &o. All can and must be got by prac- 

The above stain is very bright. If, however, you wish a 
lowe'^ shade, use the next recipe. > 

3. Rosewood Stain — Light Shade. — Take equal parts of log' 
wood and redwood chips, and boil well in just suffieient water to 

^. make a strong stain ; apply it to the furniture while hot ; 1 or 2, 
*^ or even 3 coats may he put on, one directly after the other accord- 
ing to the depth of color desired. 

For the dark lines use th« iron chippings as in the above 
recipe. Or, if a rose-pink is desired, use the following : 

4. RosE-PiNK, Satin and Varnish, also used to imtfatje Rose- 
Wood. — Put an ounce of potash into a quart of water, with red- 
Sanders 1| oz. ; extract the color from the wood and strain ; then 
add gum shellac ^ lb. ; dissolve it by a quick fire — used upon log- 
wood stain for rose-wood imitation. 

5. Black Walnut Stain. — Whenever persons are 
using walnut which has sap edges, or if two pieces are being 
glued together which are different in shade, or when a pop- 
lar pannel, or other wood is desired to be used to imitate 
black walnut, you will find the following to give excellent 
satisfaction; ^ ' " 

Spirits ot turpentine 1 gal. ; pulverized gum asphaltum 2 lbs. 
Put them into an iron kettle and place upon a stove, whieh pro- 
vents the possibility of fire getting at the turpentine, dissolve by 
heat, frequently stirring until dissolved. Put into a jug or caa 
while hot. 

When desired to use any of it, pour out and reduce with 
turpentine to the right shade for the work being stained. 
With a little practice you can make any shade desired. If 
used with a brush over a red stain, as mentioned in the rof"! 
wood stain recipes, especially for chairs and bedsteads, d 
very nearly resembles that wood. Mixing a little varp'Ish 
with the turpentine when reducing it, prevents it from spot- 
ting, and causes it to dry quicker. By rubbing a lilie 
lamp black with it you cau mako a perfect b^^ck; if |9- 




)ly the darken- 
brush, leaving 
f you wair'tf to 
ose-wood, it is 
lometimes hard 
be got by prao- 

?er, you wish a 

,al parts of log- 
flffieient water to 
v^hile hot ; 1 or 2, 
the other accord- 
as in the above 
e following : 

ro IMITATJE Rose- 

water, with red- 

aod strain ; tbeu 

-used upon log- 

er persons are 

pieces are being 

or when a pop- 

sed to imitate 

give excellent 

asphaltnin 2 lbs. 
jtove, whieh pro- 
itine, dissolve by 
ito a jug or can 

tind reduce witli 
being stained. 
|ide desired. K 
oned in the rop'*. 
Id bedsteads, d 
[a little varp^sh 
Ints it from t f 


l-ubbing a Ufi« 
let black, if le- 

6. Cherry Stain. — Take rain water 3 qts. ; anotta 4 ozs. ; boll 
in a copper kettle until the anotta is dissolved ; then put in a 
piece of potash the size of a common walnut, and keep it on the 
lire about half an hour longer, and it is ready for use. Bottle for 

This makes poplar and other light-colored woods so near ' 
the color of cherry that it is hard to distinguish j and even 
improves the appearance of light-colored cherry. 

VARNISHES— Black, with Asphaltum.— Spirits of turpentine 
1 gal. ; pulverized gum asphaltum 2| lbs. ; dissolve by heat over 
u stove fire. .• • — 

It is applied to iron, frames of door plates, back-grounda 
in crystal painting, etching upon glass, and also for fence- 
wire, or screens which are to go into water above mills to 
turn leaves and drift-wood, &o. 

2. Patent Varnish for Wood or Canvas. — Take spirits of tur- 
penthie 1 gal. ; asphaltum 2-^ lbs. ; put them intb an iron kettle 
which will fit upon a stove, and dissolve tlie gum by heat. When 
dissolved and a little cool, add copal varnish 1 pt, ond boiled 
llngeed-oil ^ pt. ; when cold it is ready for use^ Perl'ips a little 
lamp-15lack would make a more perfect black. 

If done over a common fire, the turpentine will be very 
likely to take fire and be lost ; and, perhaps, fire the house 
or your clothes. 

This is valuable for wood, iron or leather; but for cloth 
first make a sizing by boiling flax seed one quart, in water 
one gallon ; applying of this for the first coat ; the second 
I coat of common thick black paint ; and lastly a coat of the 
varnish. Some think that sperm oil, the same quantity^ 
j makes a little better gloss. , ; 

3. Varnish Transparent for Wood. — Best alcohol 1 gal. ; nice 
I gum shellac 2 1-2 lbs. Place the jug or bottle in a situation to 
Ikoop it just a little warm, and it will dissolve quicker tlian if hot, 
|or left cold. 

This varnish is valuable for ploughs, or any other article 
riiere you wish to show the grain of the wood, and for pine, 
vhen you wish to finish up rooms with white, as the " Por- 
celain Finish ;" a coat or two of it effectually prevents the 
pitch from oozing out, which would stain the finish. 

If this stands in an .open dish, it will become thick by 
Evaporation ; in such cases add a littlo more alcohol, and it 

as good as before. Some do use as much as throe and a 

■ i •«i 



.sue : fc L > 

- '-n togftlfiii . 





half pounds of shellac, but it is too tbiok to spread well ; 
better apply two or more coats, if necessary. When a 
black varnish is wanted, you can rub lamp-black with this, 
for that purpose, If preferred before the aspboltum, 


!•" <. . . . . « It 

■ ^- •*' ■■.:i:W-.:i^:„^^, .'■■■<' .•■■ .;;...;. • ' 



HAIR DYE— In Two Numbers.— No. 1. Take gallic acid Joz.} 
alcohol 8 ozs. ; soft water 16 ozs. ; put the acid in the aleoboi^ 
then add the water. ' 

No. 2. Take for No. 2, crystalized nitrate of silver 1 oz. ; ammo- 
nia, strongest kind, 3 oz3. ; gum arable ^ oz. ; soft wal^r 6 ozs. 
Observe, in mt^ing it, that the silver is to be put into the ammo- 
nia, and not corked until it is dissolved ; the gum is to be dis- 
solF6d in the #ater, then all mixed, and it is ready for use. 

Barbers will probably make this amount at a time, as it | 
oomes much cheaper than in small quantities ; but if fami- 
lies or others, for individual use, only wish a little, take 
drachms instead of ounces, which, you see will make only 
onenfjghth of the amount. 

Directions for Applying. — First, wash the whiskers I 
or hair with the "shampoo," and rinse out well, rubbing 
with a towel until nearly dry ; then with a brush apply No. 
1, wetting completely, and use the dry towel again to rfr| 
move all superfluous water, then with anot^^^r brush (iooth- 
brushes are best), wet every part with No. 2, and it become! | 
instantaneously black ; as soon as it becomes dry, wash 
with hard water, then with soap and water; apply a little I 
oil, and all is complete. ' ' ' 

The advantages of this dye arc, that if you get any staiaj 
upon the skin, wipe it off at the time, and the washing re- 
inoyes all appearances of stain, and the whiskers or bairl 
never turn red, do not creek, uud are a, beautiful LLck. 

However, cyanuret of potasium 1 dr., to 1 oz of water,! 
will take off any stain upon the skin, arising from uitr8te| 
of silver ; but it is poison, and should not tOUQb ^Ot^ 
Aor be left where children may get at it, 

, .Ma-A.:^, ik. ..^if.■^.L^ 

.^./^u*iJILC^..v. . Wj- 



l>ersons whose hair is prematurely grey, will nnd djt 
less trouble in using, than the restoratives ; for when one€ 
applied, nothing more needs being done for several weeks ; 
whilst the restoratives are only slow dyes, and yet need 
eeTeral applications. But that all may have the chance of 
choosing for themselves, I give you some of the best resUv 
ratiycs in use. 

Wood's, fob a Tbifling Cost.— Sugar of lead, borax, and lac- 
snlphur, of each 1 oz. ; aqua ammonia 1-2 oz. ; alcohol 1 gill. 
These articles to stand mixed for 14 hours ; then add bay rum 1 
gill ; fine table salt 1 table-spoon ; soft water 3 pts. ; esseuc* ol 
bergamot 1 oz. 

This preparation not only gives a beautiful gloss, but will 
sause hair to grow upon bald heads arising from all common 
lauses, and turn grey hair to a dark color. ./.:,, 

Manner of Application. — When the hair is thin or 
bald make two applioations daily, until this amount is used 
ap, unless the hair has come out sufficiently to satisfy you 
1 before that time ; work it to the roots of the hair with a 
joft brush or the ends of the fingers, rubbing well each 
I time. For grey hair one application daily is sufficient. It 
1 18 harmless, and will do all that is claimed for it, doei not 
[cost only a trifle in comparison to the ad^^ertised restora- 
tives of the day ; and will b"" found as good or better than 
Imost of them. 

2. Invioobatob. — Vinegar of cantharides 1 oz. ; cologne-water 1 
loz. ; and rose-water 1 oz., mixed and rubbed on the roots of th6 

hair, until the scalp smarts, twice daily, has been very highly 
{recommended for bald heads, or where the hair is falling out. 

If there is no fine hnlr on lli^i Mimln. no restorative, nor 
linvigorator on earth can give a head or iioir. See remarks 

lafter No. 8. 

3. ANOTHEB.-~Lac-sulphur and sugar of lead, of each 1 dr. j 
Itannln and pulverized copperas, each 32 grs. ; fise water 4 ois. } 
{wetting the hair once a day for 10 or 12 days, then once or twic« 
|aweek will keep up the color. 

If it is only desired to change grey hair to a dark color 
|tbe last will do it ; but where the hair is falling out or has 
ftlready fallen, the first is required to {itimuiate the- scalp to 
Wealthy action. . ' r 

i. AjioTmsR.->Lac-fiulphur and sugar of lead, of each 1 oc ; 





pulverized litliarge, (called lithrage) 1 1-2 ozs. ; rain water 1 qt. ; 
applying 3 mornings and skipping 3, until 9 applications— gives a 
nice dark color. 

I obtained this of one of the Friends, at Richmond, Ind., 
and for turning white or grey hair, it is a good one. The 
litharge sets the color as the sulphate of iron does in the 
next. There is but little choice between them. 

6. Another. — Bain water 6 ozs. ; lac-sulphur 1-2 oz. ; sugar of 
lead 1-4 oz. ; sulphate of iron (copperas), 1-8 oz."^ flavor with ber- 
gamot essence, if desired ; and apply to the hair daily until suffi. 
ciently dark to pleaie. 

All the foregoing restoratives will change, or color the 
grey or white hair black, or nearly so ; but let who will tell 
you that his restorative will give your hair its original color, 
just let that man go for all he is worth at the time ; for as 
time advances his worth will be beautifully less. \ 

6. Hair In vigor ator. — A Wheeling barber makes usj 
of the following invigorator to stop hair from falling out, or 
to cause it to groF in ; it is a good one, so is the one fol> 
lowing it : 

Take bay rum 1 pt. ; alcohol 1-2 pt. ; castor oil 1-2 oz. ; carbo- 
nate of ammonia 1-4 oz. ; tincture of cantharides 1-2 oz. Mix, and 
ihake when used. Use it daily, until the end is attained. 

7. Another. — Carbonate of ammonia 1 oz. ; rubbed up in 1 pt 
of sweet oil. Apply daily until the hair stops falling out, or it 
BufBciently grown out. 

' This last is very highly spoken of in England, as a pro- 
ducer of hair, "where the hair ought to grow," and does 
not. , ; 

8. Strong sage tea, as a daily wash is represented to 
itop hair from falling out ; and what will stop it from fall- 
Jog, i« an invigorator and consequently good. 

There is not a liniment mentioned in this book, but whici 
if well rubbed upon the scalp daily for two or three month?, 
will bring out a good head of* hair ; when the scalp has be- 
come glossy and shining, however, and no fine ha'r growing, 
you may know that the hair follicle or root is dead ; and 
nothing can give a head of hair in such cases, any imn 
than grain can grow from ground which has had none scat 
tered upon it. This condition may be known by the shin- 
ing or glistening appearance of the soaJp ^ 



All heads as well as bodies should be often washed with 

goap and clean water ; but if that is neglected too long, it be* 

comes necessary to use something stronger to remove the 

grease and dandruff — then the following will be found just 

the thing to be desired. 

SHAMPOOING MIXTURES— For FrvB Cents per Quart.— 
Parifled carbonate of potash, commonly called salts of tartar, 1 oz. ; 
rain water 1 qt. Mix, and it is ready for use. 

Apply a few spoons of it to the head, rubbing and work- 
ing it thoroughly ; then rinse out with clean soft water, and 
dry the hair well with a coarse, dry towel, applying a little 
oil or pomatum to supply the natural oil which has been 
i saponified and washed out by the operation of the mixture. 
I A barber will make at least five dollars out of this five cents 
I worth of material. , ' 

Another excellent shampoo is made by using aqua ammonia 3 
lozs. ; salts of tartar 1-4 oz. ; alcohol 1-2 oz. ; and soft water 2 1-2 
; and flavoring with bergamot. In applying, rub the head 
I until the lather goes down ; then wash out. 

The next recipe also makes as good a shampoo mixture 
las I wish ; for it kills so many birds at one throw that I do 
I not wish to throw any other. ' •- 

RENOVATING MIXTURES.— For Grease Spots, Shampooino, 
liND KmLiNO Bed-Bugs. — Aqua ammonia 2 ozs. ; soft water 1 qt. ; 
{saltpetre 1 teaspoon ; variegated shaving soap 1 oz. ; or one 3 cent 
cake, finely shaved or scraped ; mix all, shake well, and it will be 
la little better to stand a few hours or daya before using, which 
[gives the soap a chance to dissolve. , "' ' 

Directions. — Pour upon the place a sufficient amount 
[to well cover any grease or oil whi«h may get spilled or 
[daubed upon coats, pants, carpets, &c., sponging and rub- 
bing well, and applying again if necessary to saponify the 
rease in the garment ; then wash off with clear cold water. 
Don't squirm now, for these are not half it will do — 
flome people fly entirely '>ff the handle when a preparation 
|s said to do many things — for my part, however, I alway«i 
plmire an article in proportion to the labor which can be 
performed by it or with it. This preparation will shampoo 
ike a charm ; raising the lather in proportion to the amount 
tf grease and dandruff in the hair. It will remove paint, 
pen from a board, I care not how long it has been applied, 
oi] W83 uised in the paint — and yet it doea not injure the 




1 1 .-. 



DB. chase's EBCIPESi "^ ■^^'^ 

flnest textures, for the simple reason that iti3 affinity is for 
^ grease or oil, changing them to soap, and thus loosening 
any substance with which they may be combined. 

If it is put upon a bed-bug he will never step afterwards; 
and if put into their crevices, it destroys their eggs ami 
thus drives them from the premises. 

A cloth wet with it will &*»on remove all the grease and 
dirt from doors which are much opened by kitchen-hands. 

2. Ebnovatino Clothes— Geni'Amen's Wear.-»-To warn soft 
wafer 4 gals., put in 1 beefs gall ^ ^&^aratus ^ lb. Dissolve. 

Lay the garment on a bench. And scour every part 
thoroughly by dipping a stiff brush ikio the mixture ; 
of grease and the colar must be done more thorough, 
longer continued than other parts, and rinse the garment 
in the mixture by raising up and down a few tii^es, then 
the same way ia a tub of soft cold water ; press out the water 
and hang up to dry ; after which it needs brushing the way 
of the nap and pressing well under n. damp cloth. 

Beef's gall will set the color on silks, woollen, or cotton- 
one spoon to a gallon of water is sufficient for this purpose; 
Spotted bombazine or bombazette washed in this will alsd 
look nearly equal to new. 

8. Faded and Worn Garments — To Renew thb Color.~To| 
alcohol 1 qt., add extract of logwood i lb. ; loaf sugar 2 ozs. ; blnij 
titriol I oz. 'j heat gently until all are dissolved ; bottle for use. 

DiBEOTiONS. — To one pint of boiling water put three or 
four teaspoons of the mixture, and apply it to the garment 
>rith a clean brush ; wetting the fabric thoroughly ; let dry; 
then suds out well and dry again to prevent crocking ; brush 
with the nap to give the polish. This may be applied to 
eilks and woollen goods having colors; but is most applicable 
to gentlemen's apparel. 

COLOGNES— Imperial.— Take oils of bergamot 1 oz. : nerolill 
dr. ; jesamine ^ oz. ; gttrden lavender 1 dr. : cinnamon o dropsjl 
tincture of benzoin 1} oz. ; tincture of musk'| oz. ; deodorizedoi| 
cologne alcohol 2 qts. ; rose water 1 pt. Mix. 

f* Allow the preparation to stand several days, shaking m 
tasionally, before filtering for use or bottling. This is ratli*| 
expensive, yet a very nice article. See ** Rose Water." 

% CoLOOME FOu F^mhj Use--Ch£afeb.— Qib di tmM 

^ 'A-^h.Jt£^J!JiMiiiLt^aitl\ji^:-^iiLfr. I 


and lemon, each 1 oz. ; bergamot and lavender, each 1 dr. ; e!a- 
namon 6 drops ; clove and rose, each 15 drops ; common alcohol 
2 qts. Mix, and shake two or three times daily for a week. 

Colognes need only be used in very small quantities ; the 
game is true of highly flavored oils or pomades, as too much 
even of a good thing soon disgasts those whom they wore 
intended to please. . 

HAIB OILS— New York Barbers' STAR.~Ca8tor oil 6 J pts.: 
alcobol U pts. ; oil of citronella i oz. ; lavender i oz. : mixed {tna 
Bbaken when used, makes one of the finest oils for the hair now io 

'use. ' 

I have been told this amount of alcohol does not out 
the oil. Of course, we know that ; that is it does not bo- 
come clear, neithe? do we want it to do so ; it combines with 
the oil, and destroys all the gumminess and flavor peculiar 
to castor oil, by which it becomes one of the best oils for 
the ^air which can be applied. Gills, spoons or any other 
measure will do as well, keeping the proportion of flavoring 
oils ; and if the citronella cannot be got, use some other oil 
in its place ; none are equal to it, however. 

2. Magassar, or Rose. — Olive oil 1 qt. ; alcohol 2| ozs. ; rose 
oil ^ dr. ; tie chipped-alkanet root 1 oz., into 2 or 3 nttle muslin 
bags ; let them lie in the oil until a beautiful red is manifested ; 
then hang them up to drain, for if you press them you get out a 
Bediment you do not wish in the oil. 

3. Fragrant, Home-Madb.-— Collect a quantity of the leaves 
of any of the flowers that have an agreeable fragrance or fra- 
grant leaves, as the rose, geranium, &c. ; card thin layers of cot- 
ton, and dip into the finest sweet oil ; sprinkle a small quantity 
of salt on the fiowers ; a layer of cotton and then a layer of flowerg 
uQtil an earthen-ware vessel, or a wide mouthed glass bottle is 

Tie over it a piece of a bladder ; then place the vessel in 
the heat of the sun ; and in fifteen days a fragrant oil 
may be squeezed out, resembling the leaf used. Or, an ex- 
tract is made by putting alcohol upon the flowers or leaves, 
in about the same length of time. These are very suitable 
for the hair, but the oil is undoubtedly the best. 

4. Pomade — Ox-MARROW.—One of the most beautiful 
imades, both in color and action is made as follows : 

Take beef's marrow 1 lb. ; alkanet root, not chipped, 1 oz. ; put 
(l^m into a suitable vessel and stew them as you would render 
low ; BtraiQ through tT^o or three t|llck^e88es of muslin, ao4 



t 'K 


T ^•^'' DB. chase's RECIttEft. 

then Arid, of castor oil j^ lb. ; bav rum 1 gill ; which takes m^y 
the peculiar freshness of the marrow ; then use the extract of the 
common rose-geraneum to give it the flavor desired. 

Half as much suet as marrow, also makes a very nice 
article ; and can be used nliere the marrow is not easily ob- 
tained. ■ :.,..-■> iit ■■■ ■■ '^J ■ 

as it may seem, some of the most astonishingly named arti- 
cles, are the most simple in their composition. Although 
thousands of dollars have been made out of the above 
named article it is both cheap and simple. 

Deoderized "loohol 1 pt. ; nice white bar soap 4 ozs. ; shave tbe 
soap when put in ; stand in a warm place until dissolved ; tben 
add oil of citronella 1 dr. j and oils of neroli and rosemary, of 
each ^ dr. '. ' . 

It is recommended as a general perfume ; but it ' is more 
particularly valuable to put a little of it into warm water, 
with which to cleanse the teeth. 

RAZOR STROP PASTE.— Take the very finest superfine flour 
of emery and moisten it with sweet oil ; or you may moisten the 
surface of the strop with the oil, then dust the flour of emery upoD 
it, which is perhaps the best way. ^ ; 

Nothing else is needed. You must not take any of the 
coarse flours, nothing but the finest will do. It is often 
mixed with a little oil and much other stuff which is of no 
use, and put up in little boxes and sold at two shillings, not 
havivjf more than three cents worth of emer^ 

m i.'^v 


BCMARES. — It may not be considered out of place to 
make a few remarks here, on the art, as also on the princi- 
ples, of cookery, for nearly all will acknowledge cooking 
not only to be an art, but a science as well. To know how 
to cook economically is an art. Making money is an art 
Now is there not more money made and lost in the kitchen 
than almost anywhere else ? Doca not many a hard-wort 
\nz man have his substance wasted in the kitchen ? Poes 



not many a shiftless man have his substance saved in the 
kiiohen ? A careless cook can waste as much as a man can 
earn, v/hich might as well be saved. It is not what we 
earn as much as what we save, that makes us well off. A 
long and happy life is the reward of obedience to nature's 
laws ; and to be independent of want, is not to want what 
wc do not need. Prodigality and idleness constitute a cri. je 
against humanity. But frugality and industry, combined 
with moral virtue and intelligence will insure individual 
happiness and national prosperity. Economy is an institute 
of nature and enforced by Bible precept : " Gather up the 
frap;nient8, that nothing be lost." Saving is a more diffi- 
cult art than earning ; some people put dimes into pies and 
puddings, where others only put in cents ; the cent dishes 
are the most healthy. 

Almost any woman can cook well, if she have plenty with 
which to do it ; but the real science of cooking is to be able 
to cook a good meal, or dish, with but Httle out of which 
to make it This is what our few recipes shall assist you 
in doing. 

As to the principles of cooking, remember that water 
cannot be made more than boiling hot — no matter how 
muti. you hasten the fire, you cannot hasten the cooking 
of meat, potatoes, &c., one moment ; a brisk boil is suffi- 
cient. When meat is to be boiled for eating, put it into 
boJing water at the ^ beginning, by which its juices are prie- 
, served. But if you v sh to ejf tract these juices for soup or 
broth put the meat, m small pieces, into cold water, ^d 
I let it simmer slowly. 

The same principle holds good in baking, also. Make 
I the oven the right heat, and give it time to bake through, 
is the true plan; if you attempt to hurry it, you only 

burn, instead of cooking it done. 


If you attempt the boiling to hurry, the wraoi on.y Is wasted 

But, in attempting the baking to hurry, the food, as well, isn't fit to be tasted. 

CAKES- 7 'iiRAL Cake.— Flour 2 1-2 lbs. ; pulverized white 
Ifingar 1 1-4 ; bj?. fresh butter 10 ozs- ; 5 eggs well beaten ; carbon- 
ale of ammcivla '} oz. ; water 1-2 pt. ; or milk is best, if you h&ve it. 

Grind down the ammonia, and rub it with the sugar, 
lub the butter into the flour; now make a bowl of the 
Dur (unless you choose to work it up in a dish); and put 





1.0 fJ^ IIM 



Ml 1^ 
t lis. 











^ ? 














WE&STEB.N.Y. 1 .580 

J/, 6) r7i.4S03 



















DB. chase's mOtPTSB* 

in the eggs^ milk, sngar, &c., and mix well, and roll out U 
about a quarter of an inch in thickness ; then cnt put with 
a round cutter, and place on tins so they touch each other; 
and instead of rising up thicker, in baking, they fill up the 
space between, and make a square looking cake, all attached 
together. While they are yet warm, drench over with 
white coarsely pulverized sugar. If they are to be kept in 
a show-case, by bakers, you can have a board aa large as the 
tin on which you bake them, and lay a dozen or more tins* 
txl on top of each other, as you sprinkle on the sugar. I 
cannot see why they are called *' Federal/* for really the; 
are good enough for any " Whig." 

Ammonia should be kept in a wide-mouthed bottle, 
tkghtly corked, as it is a very volatile salt. It is known hy 
various names, as ** volatile salts," '' oai-volatile/' ^* harts- 
horn," '' hartshorn-shavings," &c., &o. It is used fox 
smelling bottles, fainting, as also in baking. 

i 2. Eouoh-akd-Readt Cake.— Butter or lard 1 lb.; molasses 1 
qt. ; soda 1 orj. ; milk or water 1-2 pt. ; ground ginger 1 table- 
spoon ; and a little oil of lemon ; flour sufficient. ^ 

r Mix up the ginger in flour, and rub the butter or lard m 
also ; dissolve the soda in the milk or water ; put in tho 
molasses, and use the flour in which the ginger and buttei 
are rubbed up, and su£icicnt more to make the dough of i 
proper consistence to roll out; cut the cakes out with along 
'and narrow cutter, and wet tho top with a little molasses 
and water, to remove the flour from the cake ; turn the top 
down, into pulverized*white sugar, and place in an oven snt- 
fieiently hot for bread, but keep them in only to bake, not 
to dry up. This, and the " Federal," are great favorites in I 
Pennsylvania, where they know what is good, and have the^ 
means to make it; yet they are not expensive. ^ ^^:^ . 

8. Spongk-Caee with Sour Milk.— Flour 3 cups; fine whiUl 
•agar 2 cupi ; 6 eggs ; sour milk 1*2 cap, with saleratua 1 toi-| 

Distolve the saieratus m tne milk: ; beat the eggs sepa- 
rately ; sift the flour and s'lgar ; first put the sugar int«j 
the milk and eggs, then the flour, and stir all well together,! 
using any flavoring extract which you prefer, 1 toaspooD-l 
kmoUf however, is the xaoit eoxomon. As soon m the flovl 



BAXEB8' AinO €00KIfir6 DVPASTMSm. 963 

oil out U 
b out with 
ich other; 
fill up the 
11 attached 
over with 
be kept in 
Eirge as tho 
more tins* 
sugar. I 
really thej 

iied bottle, 
? known hy 
e," **hMtg. 

, ; molasses I 
jiger 1 table- 

er or lard in 
put in the 
: and buttei 
dough of « 
t witb along 
:tle molasses 
turn the top 
an oven sul- 
to bake, not! 
|,t favorites in' 
ind have theJ 

, ; r*. 

Lb: fine wl»ito| 
jleratuB 1 ^ 

le eggs sepa- 

[e sugar int« 

fell together, 

II tcaspooD- 


jB ttirriid in, put it immediately into a qoiok oyen ; and if 
it is all put into a common square bread-pan, for which it 
makes the right amount, it will require about twenty to 
thirty minutes to bake; if baked in small cakes, propor- 
tiooately less. 

4. Spongb Gaks with Sweet Milk.— As sour milk 
cannot always be had, I give you a sponge cake with sweet 

Nice brown sngar 1^ cups ; three eggs ; sweet milk 1 cup : flour 
8^ oups ; cree^m of tartar and soda, of each 1 teaspoon } lemoa 
li^ce I tearepoon. ' i 

Thoroughly beat the sugar and eggs together ; mix the 
pnam of tartar and soda in the m?&, stirring in the flavor 
ilflo; then mix in the flour, remembering &at all cakes 
ought to be baked soon after making. This is a very nioe 
sake, notwithstanding what is said of " Berwick," beiow. 

5. Berwick Sponob Cakb Without Milk.— ^iz eggs ; pow- 
flered white sugar 8 cups ; sifted flour 4 even cupS ; cream of 
tartar 2 teaspoons ^ cold water 1 cup ; soda 1 teaspoon ; oiie 


^irst, beat the c'ggs two minutes, and put in the sugar 
and beat five minutes more ; then stir in the cream of tar- 
^ faid two cups of the flour, and beat one minute ; now 
^Ive the 9oda in the water and stir in, having grated the 
rind of the lemon, squeeze in half of the juice only ; and 
Hyilly add the other two cupa of flour and beat all one min- 
fite, jiifid put into de^p paqs in a moderate oyen. There is 
coQ^idepjbie beating about this cake, but if itself does not 
air the sponge cakes you ever beat, we wiU soknow- 
|ledge it to 1^ the b^ten cake, all around. 

6. SuBP9i^B Oakb.— One egf; ; sugar one cup ; bntter 1-2 cup ; 
liweet milk 1 cup : soda t teaspoon : cream of tarUur 2 tea* 

Flavor with lemon, and use sufficient sifted flour to make 
jthe proper consistence, and yoti will really be surprised to 
~ Its bulk and beauty. ,^1^ 

7. SuoAB Cake.— Take 7 egjjj^Va beat the whites and yolks 
btafy ; then beat well t(^[etber ; now put into fliem sifted^ 1 lb.; with melted i9l|er>2 lb., ^nd asmaU teaspoon 
f Ipf^d c$vrbdnate of f i9Qfj||k 

J^ im^ 9i^f(afi^t H%d flftctr. to aUqw of ito bekm 
o«t aid cut ute oakes; 





384 .xJ-^^MT DBi CHASE'S BEOIPESi-^^^- 

'*^ 8. GmoBB GAEE.~MoIfU3se8 2 cups ; butter, or one-balf lard if 
you choose, 1 1-2 cups ; sour milk 2 cups ; ground ginger 1 tea. 
spoon : saleratus 1 heaping teaspoon. ;, ,. ,(.>«.n r/f^'si^v- 

Mash the saleratus, then mix all these ingredients together 
in a suitable pan, and stir in flour as long as you can with a 
Bpoon ; then take the hand and work in more, just so you 
can roll them by using flour dusting pretty freely ; roll out 
thin, cut and lay upon your buttered or floured tins; then 
mix one spoon of molasses and two of water, and v^ith a 
email brush or bit of cloth wet over the top of the cakes; 
this removes the dry flour, causes the cakes to take a nice 
brown and keeps them moist ; put into a quick oven, and 
ten minutes will bake them if the oven is sufficiently hot. 
Do not dry them all up, but take out as soon as nicely 

We have sold cakes out of the grocery for years, kt 
never found any to give as good satisfaction as these, either j 
at table or counter. They keep moist, and are sufficieatljf 
rich and light for all cake eaters. - v/i. i \ vt- 

9. Tea or Cup Cake. — Four eggs; nice brown sugar 2 cups; 
ealeratus 1 teaspoon ; sour milk 3 cups ; melted butter or half I 
lard 1 cup ; half a grated nutmeg ; flour. 

Put the eggs and sugar into a suitable pan and beat to- 1 
gether; dissolve the saleratus in the milk and add to the I 
eggs and sugar ; put in the butter and nutmeg also ; stir 
well; then sift in flour sufficient to make the mass to 8i:ftli| 
a consistence that it will not run from a spoon when lifted 
upon it. Any one preferring lemon can use thatiQ«,placeof| 
nutmeg. Bake rather slowly. •; " * »- > ^n , 

10. Cake, Nice, withqut Eggs or Mile,— A verj| 

nice cake is made as follows, and it will keep also : 

Flour, 3 i-2 lbs.; sugar, 1\ lbs.; butter 1 lb.; water 1-2 pt.; liaT| 
ing 1 teaspoon of saleratus dissolved in it. , ^ ,<■.,, .^^ ,^^ 

., Koll thin, and bake on tin sheets. , ,, .... i' 

11. Pork Cake, withmjt Butter, Milk ob Eggs.-| 
A most delightful cake Is $l&de by the use of pork, whicbj 
saves the expense of butter, eggs and milk. It must be tastedj 
to be appreciated \ and another advantage of it is that 
can make enough some leisure day to last the season through;! 
for I have eaton ii two montha aift«r it wm b<ik«d, tiiU '" 
«id moist. ' :>Mi£;'; '^ii). tm : -" 

\ ;<•'?■;' 



Fat salt pork, entirely free ef lean or rind, chopped so fine as 
so be almost like lard 1 lb. ; pour boiling water upon it ^ pt. ; 
raisioa seeded and chopped 1 lb. ; citron shaved into shreds \ lb. ; 
sugar 2 cups ; molasses 1 cup : saleratus 1 teaspoon, rubbca fine 
and put into the molasses. Mix these all together, and stir in 
gifted flour to make the consistence of common cake mixtures ; 
then stir nutmeg and cloves fineij ground 1 oz. each ; cinnamon, 
also fine, 2 sozs. ; be governed about the time of baking it by put> 
tiDg a sliver into it— when nothing adheres it is done. It should 
b« baked slowly. 

You can substitute other fruit in place of the raisins, if 
desired, using as much or as little as you please, or none at 
all, and still have a nice cake. In this respect you may call 
it the accommodation cake, as it accommodates itself to the 
wishes or circumstances of its lovers. * i ,htiu^t .r { 

When pork will do all we here claim for it, who will 
longer contend that it is not fit to eat ? Who ? - » i 

12. Cider Cake.— Flour 6 cups ; bugar 3 cups : butter 1 cup ; 4 
eggs ; cider 1 cup ; saleratns 1 teaspoon ; 1 grated nutmeg. 

Beat the eggs, sugar and butter together, and stir in th^ 
flour and nutmeg ; dissolve the saleratus in the cider, and 
btir into the mass, and bake immediately, in a quick oven. 

13. GiNOER Snafs. — Butter, lard and brown sugar, of each | 
lb. ; molasses 1 pt. : ginger 2 table-spoons ; flour 1 qt. ; saleratus 2 
I teaspoons ; sour milk 1 cup. 

Melt the butter and lard, and whip in the sugar, molajs- 
I sdB and ginger ; dissolve the saleratus in the milk, and put 
in; then the flour, and if needed, a little more flour, to en- 
able you to roll out very thin; cut into small cakes and 
I bake in a slow oven until snappish. ,., ^^^.. 

U. Jkllt Gaxe.— Five eggs ; sugar 1 cup ; a little nutmeg ; sil- 
jeratos 1 teaspoon ; sour milk 2 cups ; flour. 

Beat the eggs, sugar and nutmeg together ; dissolve tbe 
[saleratus in the milk, and mix ; H^en stir . in flour to make 
lonly a thin batter, like pan-cakes ; three or four spoons of 
rhe batter to a common round tin ; bake in a quick oven. 
[Three or four of these thin cakes, with jelly between, forms 
m oake, the jelly being spread on while the cake is waim. 

15. Roll, Jsllt Cake. — Nice brown su^ar 1} cups ; 3 e^^ ; 
l^feet skim milk 1 cup ; flour 2 cups, or a little more only ; cream 
ft' tartar and soda, of each 1 teaspoon ; lemon essence 1 teaspoon. 

Thoroughly beat the «sgs and sugar together ; mix th« 

^. ■ 






■ ^-v . 

oream of tartar and soda urith the milk, stirring in the fltTor 
also; DOW uiix in the flour, remembering to bako soon, 
spreading thin upon a long pan ; and as soon as done spread 
jelly upon the top and roll up; slicing off only as used ; the 
jelly does not oome in oontaot with the fingers, as in the 
bst, or flat oakes , , ,« 


i • .■■■■; 'av( 




18. Poimd. 1 lb. 1 lb. 1 lb. ~ 8 rose-water threel 

s T% jspooBB, ^ace, && 

17. Gennine Wh|gr2 " 8 ozs. 8 ozs. 1 pt, — ruse with yeast. 

18. Shrewsbuiy, 1 " 1 lb. | lb. — — rose-water*| Ac. 

19. Traiaing, 3 " a « | « __ _ cin'n, nutmeg. 

20. NutrCake, 7** |« 2" — 7 cinnamon, wet i 


milk, raise with 

'^^' yeast, or wet and 

fl;i ( ' U;!vvu» :: . t^oraise with sour 

milk &> saleratiu. 
5 " Soffi. f *' — 8 rose-water, and i| 

'f Nutmeg. 
2 M %« J rt — g rose-water, and i| 

little spice. 
.6" 8« J" ,lj>t ;,9 rpsc-^ater, raiiel 

;■. with yeast. ^ 
5 *' 1 lb. 2 << — 6 roll out in loall 

J « — 3 yolks only— ginger] 
to suit. 
— 10 cimiamon. 

3 or without egg»~| 
'^"' wet up, raise witi 
, saleratusandsou 

la York Bfacdt, 5 " 1 «• | •• — — wet up, and wImI 
Ih vnffmvra TM^ vfv -iit ■.:»;?•' V-- ■■■■■ -'f^'-wim Bour milll 

and saleratuB. 
12 " 8 '< 3 '< 2 qts — yeast, spice to tsst&l 
5flts.3" 4" 1 gal.— Wine 1 pint, 

rJi. . . . . .Ji. -pint. 

21. Shortcake, 

22. Cymbals, 

Hi Jui^les, 

J6. Ginger-Bread, 1 ^* 

86. Wonders, 
17. lOooldeB, 

29. Goqunpn, 

2 " 


: • -^ir 

*'81. Molasses Cake.— Molasses 1 1-2 oups; saleratus 1 t»| 
'^oon :' soui^ milk 2 ocps : 2 eggs ; butter, lard, or pork gnTTtl 
ifm pVL woMd tdi»ti$ OB ai^on; If T^u i^^lafif. add ap 

Mix all by biatiii^ a mmifc*^ or tiro WA k spM^ Ss-' 
'solving the saleratus in the milk ; then «tir in floor to (i^vj 
the consistence of soft cake ; and put direcUy into a hot 
oven, being careful not to dry them up by OTer-bakii%, 
it is a soft, moist eake, that we are after. 

32.— Marbled Caki.— rThose having any curiosity to 

gratify upon their part, or on the part of frienilsy irill 

be highly pleased with we contrast seen whe^i they take a 

piece of cake made in two pitrts, dark and light, as follows : 

Light ?ABT.—Wbi(e sugar 1^ cups ; butter ^ cup f sweet mlui: 
1-2 cup-; soda 1-2 teaspoon ; cream of tartar one>teaspoon ; whites 
of 4 eggs ; flour 2 1-2 cups ; beat and mixed as " Gold Cake." 

Dabx PABT.--Brown sugar 1 cup ; molasses 1-2 cup ; Gutter 1-2 
eap ; sour milk 1-2 cap ; sodat 1-2 tea«pooQ ; cream of tartar. 1 tea- 
flpoon; flour 2 1-2 cups; yokes o^ 4 eggs; doves, all^ice, dor 
fiamon, and nutmeg, ground, of each hi teaspoon: peat and 
liDized as " Gold Cake.''^ t ::" , r , .«. .^ .,..fa 

j)iB£OTioNS. — ^When eaok part is ready, drop a spoon of 
liM, then a spopn of light, over the bottom of the dish, in 

which it is to be baked, and so proceed to fill Up the pan, 
I dropping the light upon th^ dark aa you continue with the 

different layers. j^., ,,,, 

33. Sn.v£B GAKE.^Whites of 1 doz. eggs; flour Ave cups: 
wMte sugar and butter, of each 1 cup ; cream or sweet milk, i 
cap ; cream of tartar 1 teaspoon ; soda 1-2 teaspoon ; beat and 
mix as the " Gold Cake." Bake in a deep pan. . ^^^ 

3i. Gold Cake. — ^Yokes of 1 doz. eggr ; flour five cups j whito 
lagar three cups ; butter 1 cup. ; cream or sweet milk 1 1-2 cups ; 
BOda 1-2 teaspoon ; cream of tartar 1 teaspoon. Bake in a deep 
lloafpau. , , ' 

Beat tho'ifeggfl with the stigar, having the' Ballet Bflli^^V 
[by the fire ; then stir it in; put the soda and cream of tar- 
tar into the cream or milk, stirring up and mixing all to- 
gether; then sifl and stir in the flour. ^ 
I The gold and silver cakes dropped as directed in t]|d 
'"Marbled Cake,'* gives you still another variety. ' '^^ym 
35. Bride Cake. — Presuming that this work may ti^ 
itb the hands of some persons who may occasionally have 
i wedding amongst them, it would be imperfeet witnout a 
' wedding cake,'' and as I have lately had an opportunity 
test this one, upon ^ such an occasion," in my own family, 
[«anbear testimony^ so ean the "printtr/Vto its adapt%- 
' i^r alUbaOtt £^::)Uy0. 

^,M { ; 




DB. chase's MSOMIS. *^|r: r: /it 

^ Take batter 1 1-2 lbs. : sngnr 1 3-4 lbs., half of which is to be 
Orleans sugar , eggs well beaten 2 lbs. ; raisins 4 lbs ; having the 
seeds taken oat and chopped ; English currants haying the grit 
picked out and nicely washed 6 lbs.; citron, cat fine, 2 lbs.; 
sifted floor 2 lbs. ^ nutmegs 2 in aumber, and mace as much in 
balk ; alcohol 1 gill to 1-2 pint, in which a dozen or fifteen drops 
of oil of lemon have been put «v, ,", • 

When ready to make your dake, weigh ydtxt batter and 
cut it in pieces, and put it where it will soften, but not melt. 
Next, stir the butter to a cream, and then add the sugar, and 
work till white. Next beat the yokes of the eggs, and put 
them to the sugar and butter. Meanwhile another person 
should beat the whites to a stiff froth and put them in. Then 
add the spices and flour, and, last of all, the fruit, except the 
citron, which is to be put in about three layers, the bottom 
layer about on^ inch from the bottom, and the top one an 
inch from the to*^, and the other in the middle, smoothing 
the top of tht Ae by dipping a spoon or two of water 
upon it for that purpose. 

The pan In which it is baked should be abdut thirteen 
inches across; the top, and five and a half er six inches deep, 
without scollops, and two thrce-qriart pans also, which it will 
fill ; and they will require to be slowly baked about three to 
four Hours. But it is impossible to give definite rules as to 
the time required in baking cake. Try whether the cake is 
done, by piercing it w'^h a broom splinter, and if nothing 
adheres it is done. 

Butter the cake pans well ; or if the pans are lined with 
buttered white paper^ the cake will be less liable to burn. 
Moving cakes while baking tends to make them heavy. 

The price of a large " Bride Cake/' like this, would be 
aibout twelve dollars, and the cost of making it would be 
about three dollars only, with your two small ones, which 
would cost as much to buy them as it does to make the 
whole three. 

^i4'--i* **r'.. 

.^f 41 

The foregoing was written and printed over a year 
The daughter came home, and took dinner with us, one year 
from the marriage ; and her mother set on some of the cake 
as nice and moist as when baked. 

36. Fruit Cake. — As side accompaniments to the Bride 
Cake you will require several Fruit Cakes, which are to b 
mMl« 00 fellows; ... 


to be 
ig the 
le grit 
) lbs.; 
uch in 

ir and 
b melt, 
id put 
, Then 
one an 
f water 

es deep, 
three to 
Ics as to 
e cake is 

led with 
to burn. 

rould be 

^ould be 


Batter, sugar, English corrants, eggs and floor, of each 6 lbs. 
Mix 38 in the " Bride Cake." - 

Bake in about six cakes, which would cost from one dol- 
lar and fifty cents to two dollars a piece, if bought for the 
occasion. ., , 


37. Fbostino, or lomo, for Cakes.— The whites of 8 eggs 
beat to a perfect froth and stiff; pulverized white sugar 2 lbs. : 
fitarcli 1 table-spoon ; pulverized gum arabio 1-2 oz. ; the juice of 
1 lemon. 

Sift the sugar, starch, and gum arable into the beaten egg, 
and stir well and long. When the cake is cold lay on a coat 
of the frosting ; it is best not to take much pains in putting 
on the first coat, as little bits of the cake 'will mix up with 
it, and give the frosting a yellow appearance ; but on the 
next day make more iVosting the same as the first, and 
apply a second coat, and it will be white^ clear and beauti- 
ful. And by dipping the knife into cold water as applying, 
you can smooth tie frosting very nicely. 

38. ExcBLLEMT CiucKBBS.— Butter 1 cup ; salt 1 teaspoon ; flour 

Rub thoroughly together with the hand, and wet up with. 
cold water ; beat well, and beat in fiour to make quite brittle 
I and hard ; then pinch off pieces and roll out each cracker by 

I itself, if you wish them to resemble bakers' crackers. 

39. SuoAR Crackers. — Flour 4 lbs. ; loaf sugar and butter, of 
[eacu 1-2 lb. ; water 1 1-2 pts. Make as above. 

40. Naples Bisooit.— White sugar, eggs, and flour, of each 

I I lb. 

If properly pulverized, sifted, beat, mixed, and baked the 
I size of Boston crackers, you will say it is nice indeed. 

41. BucKWHBAT Short-Caki. — Take 3 or 4 tea-cups of nice 
iBOor milk, 1 teaspoon of soda-saleratus dissolved in the milk ; if 

., Jthe milk is verj sour, jou must use saleratus in proportion, with 
lake tno h^ \h^^\q g,j^ . jqi^ ^p ^ ^ough with buckwheat flour, thicker than 

rear ago. 
one year 
the cake | 

the Bride 
lare toi|8| 

m would mix the same for griddle-cakes, say quite stiff ; put 
into a buttered tin, and put directlj into the stove oven and 
bake about 30 minutes ; or as you would a short-cak« from com- 
mon flour. 

It takes the place of the griddle-cake, also of the shoi^ 

ake, in every sense of the word — nice with meat, butter, 

^ooejr, oiolasseSi &c. No tbhortening is used, and no need 

' mhg yoitf 4iflh of iMMer 9?«: luc^i, for i drunkia 



tusband to set his foot in. Wet the top a little, and warm 
it up at next meal, if any is left — it is just as good as when 
first made, while gnddle-cakes have to be thrown away. It 
is also very good, cold. ' •' "' ' •" ' -- .. ■ 
" Were the beauty of this cake known to the majority of 
persons throughout the country generally, buckwheat would 
become as staple an article of commerce as the common 
wheat. Do not fail to give it a trial. Some persons in 
trying it, have not had good luck the first time j they have 
failed from the milk being too sour for the amount of 
saleratus used, or from making the dough too thin. I 
think I can say we have made it hundreds of times with 
success, as I could eat it while dyspeptio^ when I could eat 
no other warm bread. ' :.-;*:, ^- .. 

42. Yeast Cafe. — Good lively yeast 1 pt. ; rye or whe^t flour 
to form a thick batter ; salt 1 teaspoon ; stir in and set to rise ; 
when risen, stir in Indian meal, until it will roll out good. 

When again risen, roll out very thin ; cut them into 
eakes and dry in the shade ] if the weather is the least 
damp, by the fire or stove. If dried in the sun, they will 
. fitment. ^.v •,; y "■■■ 

y f To use : Dissolve one in a little warm water, and stir in 
a couple of table-spoons of flour ; set near the fire, and 
when light mix into the bread. If made perfectly dry, 
fchey will keep for six months. 

BREADS. — Yankee Brown Bread. — For each good sized loaf| 
being made, take IJ^ pts. corn meal, ard pour boiling water upon 
it, to scald it properly ; let stand until only blood warm, then i 
put about 1 qt. of rye flour upon the meal, and pour in a good 
Dowl of emptyings, with a little saleratus dissolved in a gill of 
water, kneading in more flour, to make of the consistence of com- 1 
mon bread. If you raise it with yeast, put a little salt in the meal, I 
but if you raise it with salt-risings, or emptyings, which I prefer,' 
jao more salt is needed. 
t Form into loaves, and let them set an hour and a half; or I 
until light ; in a cool place, in summer, and on the hearth, 
or under the stove, in winter ; then bake about two hours. 
Make the dough fully as stiff as for wheat bread, or a little 
harder ; for if made too soft it does not rise good. The oldl 
style was to use only one-third rye flour, but it does notj 
wear if made that way ; or, in other words, most persoM 
get tired of it when mostly corn nieal; but I never do 
aalosUy rye flour. 


rbeat flour 
et to rise ; 


them into 

tho least 

, they will 

I sized loaf 
water upon 
warm, then 
rin a good 
ia a gill of 
jnce of coin- 
ill the meal, L 
ich I prefer,'! 

Let all persons bear in mind that bread should neve/ be 
eaten the day on which it is baked, and positively must this 
be observed by dyspeptics. Hotels never ought to t,^ with- 
out this bread, nor families who care for health. 

2. Graham Bread. — I find in Zions Herald, of Boston, ( 
edited by the Rev. E. 0. Haven, formerly a Professor in the 
University at this city, a few remarks upon the " Different 
Kinds of Bread," including Graham, which so fully explain 
the philosophy and true principles of bread making that I 
igive them an insertion, for the benefit of bread makers. It 

" Rice flour added to wheat flour, enables it to take up 
an increased quantity of water." (See the " New French 
Method of Making Bread.") " Boiled and mashed potatoes 
mixed with the dough cause the bread to retain moisture, 
and prevent it from drying and crumbling. Rye makes a 
dark colored bread ; but it is capable of being fermented 
and raised in the same manner as wheat. It retains its 
freshness and moisture longer than wheat. An admixture 
of rye flour with that of wheat, decidedly improves the latter i 
ia this respect. Indian corn bread is much used in this 
country. Mixed with wheat and rye, a dough is produced 
capable of fermentation, but pure maize meal cannot be fer- 
mented so as to form a light bread. Its gluten lacks the 
tenacious quality necessary to produce the regular cell-struc- 
ture. It is most commonly used in the form of cakes, madv^ 
to a certain degree light by eggs or sour milk, and saleratus, 
and is generally eaten warm. Indian corn is ground into 
meal of various degrees of coarseness, but is never made so 
fine as wheaten flour. Bread or cakes from maize require 
a considerably longer time to be acted upon by heat in the 
baking process, than wheat or rye. If ground wheat be 
unbolted, that is, if its bran be not separated, wheat meal 
or Graham flour results, from which Graham or dyspepsia 
bread is produced. It is made in the same general way as 
other wheaten bread, but requires a little peculiar manage- 
ment. Upon this point Mr. Graham remarks : ^ ^ ^ >;i4 ; ' 

" The wheat meal, and especially if it is ground coarselj', swells 
considerably in the dough, and therefore the dough should nolf 
at first be made quite so stiff as that made «f sape^ftae flour \ and 
1 wka it !• nmii if it i» MMi fH jHt iH:i^iNil4;W«U, a.JHMto 






.B. ohabe's BEOTPES. 


more me&l may be added. It •honld be remarked that donghi 
made of wheat meal will take on the acetous fermentation, orj 
become eour sooner, than that made of fine flour. It requires 
hotter oven, and to be baked longer, but must not stand so Iodi 
after being mixed before baking, as that made from floor. 

3. Brown Bread Biscuit. — Take corn meal S qts. ; rye flour 
pts. j wheat flour.l pt.; molasses 1 table-spoon ; yeast 3 table-spooiu 
navmg soda 1 teaspoon mixed with it. 

Knead over night for breakfast. If persons will cat wanol 
bread, this, or buckwheat short-cake, should be the on[ 
kinds eaten. 

4. DisPBPTios' BiacDTT AND CoppBB.-— Take Graham flour (wheal 
fX)arsel7 ground, without bolting), 2 qts.^ com meal sifted, 1 qt 
batter 1-2 cup ; molasses 1 cup ; sour milk to wet it up with sali 
ratuB, as for biscuit 

Boll out and cut with a tea-cup, and bake as other biscuit 
and when cold they are just the thing for dyspeptics. Am 
if the flour was sifted, none would refuse to eat them: 

For the Coffee. — Continue the baking of the abo 
biscuit in a slow oven for six or seven hours, or until the; 
are browned through like coffee. 

Directions.— One biscuit boiled f of an hour will be plenty foi 
2 or 3 eups of coffee, and 2 for six persons ; serve with cream aDi 
ngar as other coffee. 

Dyspeptics should chew very fine and slowly, not drinkii 
until the meal is over ; then sip the coffee at their leisi 
not more than one cup, however. This will be found vei 
nice for common use, say with one eighth coffee added 
hardly any would distinguish the difference between it an 
that made from coffee idone. The plan of buying groQDi 
coffee is bad ; much of it is undoubtedly mixed with 
which you can raise for less than fifteen or twenty coots 
pound, and mix for yourself. > . ■ them 

5. London Bakers' Superior Loaf Bread.— Til bottles t 
Michigan Farmer gives us the following; any one oanH' Use 
that it contains sound sense : ■ baked : 


" To make a half-peck loaf, take | lb. of well boiled me 
potatoes ; m>ish them through a fine cullender or coarse lie^ 
ad I part of yeast, or | oz. of German dried-jeast, and 1| pf 
i.' lukewarm water (88 deg. Fahr.), together with f lb. of flour,| 
^^ ' wnder the mixture the consistence of thin batter ; this mil 
" 'Is to1t)e set aside to ferment ; if set in a warm place it will i 
^ Jb^lMB than 2 hours, when U regemblea jeost, except in 

Old wal 


brown « 

I table-spol 


.:v■:^•:-■>i,•i^::-'3^^ -^ 



The sponge ao made is then to be mixed \fith 1 pt of water, nearly 
blood warm, viz., 92 dog. Fahr, and poured into half peck of 
flour, which has previously had 1^ oz8. of salt mixed into it ; the 
whole should then be kneaded into dough, and allowed to rise in a 
warm place for 2 hours, when it should be kneaded into loavoe and 

The object of adding the mashed potatoes is to increase 
the amount of fermentation in the sponge, which it does to 
a yery remarkable degree, and consequently, renders the 
bread lighter aad better. The potatoes will also keej^ the 1 
bread moist. ^ ■ ■ -■■ • -^j- •■..; ■ nv':%>:ui v>i;K., j 

6. Old Bachelobs' Bread, Biscurr, or Pie-Crust.— Flonr 1 qi : ! 
cream of tartar 2 teaspoons ; soda f teaspoon ; sweet milk to wet 
up the flour to the consistence of biscoit dough. 

Bub the flour and cream of tartar well together ; dissolve 
the soda in the milk, wetting up the flour with it and bake 
immediately. If you have no milk, use water ia its place, 
adding a spoon of lard to obtain the same richness. It 
does well for pie-crust where you cannot keep up sour milk. 

7. New French Method of Making Bread. — Take rice | lb. ; 
tie it up in a thick linen bag, giving ample room for it to swell ; 
boil it from 3 to 4 hours, or until it becomes a perfect paste ; mix 
this whi'e warm with 7 lbs. of floiAr. adding the usual quantities of 
yeast and salt ; allow the dough to work a pioper time near the 
&re, then divide into loaves. Dust them in, and knead vigor* 
ously. ., 

This quantity of flour and rice makes about thirteen and 
one-half lbs. of bread, which will keep moist much longer 
than without the rice. It was tested at the London Poly- 
techuio Institute, after having been made public in France, 
with the above results. , • 

8. Baking Powders, fob Biscuit Without Shortening.— Bi- 
earbonate of soda 4 ozs. ; cream of tartar 8 ozs. ; and properly dry 
them, and thoroughly mix. It should be kept in well corked 
bottles to prevent dampness which neutralizes the acid. 

* Use about three teaspoons to each quart of flour being 
baked ; mix with milk, if you have it, if not, wet up with 
wld water and put directly into the oven to bake. 

PIES- -Lemon Pie, Extra Nice. — One lemon; water 1 cup; 
brown sugar 1 cup ; flour 2 table-spoons ; 5 eggs ; white sugai^ i 

I table-spoons. ' . i 

Grate th^ rind from the lemon, squeeze out the juioe, 



DB. chase's EEOIPES. WI 


add the water, brown sugftTi and flour, working tne mass 
into a smooth paste ; beat the eggs :.nd mix with the paste, 
saving thg whites of two of them; make two pies, baking 
with no top crust ; while these are baking, beat the whites 
of the two eggs, saved for that purpose, to a stiflF froth, and 
8tir in the white sugar ; when the pies ai'e done, spread 
frosting evenly over them, and set agadn in the oven 
brown slighly. 

2. Pie-Crust Glaze. — In making any pie which 
juicy mixture, the juice soaks into the crust, making it 

. l^oggy and unfit to eat ; to prevent this : 

Beat an egg well ; and with a brash or bit of cloth, wet the 
crust of the pie with the beaten egj^t just before you put in the 
pie mixture. , .^,.j. . .^, ,^^,,..,.^ r,,,. . ^,,5. ,.. ■ ^. 

For pies which have a top crust also, wet the ^p witk 
the sa^e before baking, which gives it a beautiful yellowl 
brown. It gives beauty also to biscuit, ginger cakes, andj 
is just the thing for rusk, by putting in a little sugar. 

3. Apple Pie which is Digestible. — Instead of mix-} 
ing up your crust with water and lard, or butter, making it 
very rich, with shortening, as customary for apple pies : 

' ' Mix it up every way just as you would for biscuit, using sonrl 
milk and saleratus, with a little lard or butter only ; miz thej 
dough quite stiff, roll out rather thin, lay it upon y^iir tin, 
plate ; and having ripe apples sliced or chopped nicely and k 
on, rather thick, and sugar according to the acidity of the apples, 
theh a top crust, and bake well, putting the egg upon the crasts,! 
as mentioned in the " Pie Crust Glaze," and you have got a pii 
that is fit to eat. 

But when you make the rich crust, and cook the 
and put them on, it soakes the crust which does not 
and no stomach can digest it, whilst our way gives you 
nice light cri^st, and does not take half the shortening d 
the other plan ; yet perhaps nothing is saved pecuniarilj, 
as butter goes as finely with the biscuit-crust pies, when boi 
Qs it does with biscuit ; but the pie is digestible, and 
it is cold, does not taste bad to cut it up on your pk 
with plenty of sweetened cream. 

' . 4. Apple Custard Pie— The Nicest Pie J&iVBR Eaten.— P< 
■our apples and stew until soft and not much water left in theoi| 
then rub them through a cuihinf'.er : beat three eggs for each p' 

. to be baked, and put in at the itire of one cup of butter and ooe 

t)«igar Ibv tli»«^ ^ ccamff with nataifli. 

>li. ;„•''':-,'! 


^AtJSEtS* AND OOOEINa tmASfnossX. --• 295 

My wife has more recently made them with only 1 egg to each 
^ie, with only half of a cup of butter and sugar each, to 4 or 5 
pies ; but the amount of sugar must be governed somewhat by 
the acidity of the apples. 

Bake as pumpkin pies, which they resemhie in appear- 
lance; and between them and apple pies in taste, very nice 
indeed. We find them equally nice with dried apples by 
I making them a little more juicy. 

If a frosting was put upon them, as in the '* Lemon Pic/ 

I the:, returned, for a few minutes, to the oven, the appear- 
[ance, at least, would be improved. ^ ^.i; .. . ..m,« t. -,a ... ^i 

6. Applb Custard, Yebt Nice. — Take tart apples, that are 
Iqnite juicy, and stew and rub them, as in the recipe above ^ and to 

II pt. of the apple, beat 4 eggs and put in, with 1 table-spoon of 
jgagar, 1 of butter, and ^ of a grated nutmeg. 

Bake as other custards. It is excellent ; and makes a 
)d ..ubstitute for butter, apple butter, &o. 

6. Paste for Tarts. — Loaf sugar, flour, and butter, equftl 
Iweights of each ; mix thoroughly, by beating with a rollmg pin, 
or half an hour ; folding up and beating again and again. 

When properly mixed, pinch off small pieces and roll out 

ch crust by itself, which causes them to dish so as to hold 

lie tart-mixture. And if you will have a shor^ piecrust, 

is the pla^ to make it. •-» . -^ v . ;.• >« v 

PUDDINGS— BiscDTT Pudding, Without Re-Baeino.— Take 
ater 1 qt. ; sugar | lb. ; butter the size of a hen's egg, floor 4 
able-spoons; nutmeg, grated, 1-2 of one. ji 

Mix the flour with just sufficient cold water to rub np m 

[lie lumps while the balance of the water is heating, mis 

11. and split the biscuit once or twice, and put into this 

ivy while it is hot, and keep until used at table. It 

es up cold biscTiit, and I prefer it to richer puddings. It 

9 indeed worth a i^rial. This makes a nice dip-gravy alao 

prother puddings. -'- ''^^' ^'• 

2. Old English Christmas Plum Pudding.— Thd 

larrisburg Telegraph furnishes its readers with a recipe 

|)rtho real "Old English Christmas Plum Pudding." 

'^^l having given this pudding a fair test, I am willing to 

jdorse every word of it ; and wish for the holiday to oomo 

'sner tlm once a year : 

lv^.i^e what isjDA^^ take cf nUor 

\ > 





:t^^ CHASES TIECIPEB. ^l^j- " 

well stoned, but not chopped, currants thoroughly washed, 1 lb. 
each ; chop suet 1 lb. '^ery finely, and mix with them ; add 1-4 It 
of flour or bread very fiuely crumbled ; 3 ozs. of sugar ; 1 1-2 ozs. 
of grated lemon peel, a blade of mace, 1-2 of a smak nutmeg, f i 
ieaspoon of ginger, 1-2 doz. of eggs, well beaten ; work it welj 
together, put it in a cloth, tie it firmly, allowing room to swell. 
put it into boiling water, and boil not less than two hours. It] 
should not be suffered to stop boiling. 

The cloth, when about to be used, should be dipped into! 
boiling water, squeezing dry, and floured; and when the! 
pudding is done, have a pan of cold water ready, and dip! 
it in for a moment, as soon as it comes out of the pot, whicli| 
prevents the pudding from sticking* to the cloth. For al 
dip-gravy for this or other puddings, see the ''Biscuitl 
Pudding, without Re-Baking," or " Spreading Sauce for| 
Puddings." r ; , v |i 

3. Indian Pudding, To Bake.— Nice sweet milk 1 qti ; butterl 
1 oz. ; 4 eggs, well beaten ; Indian meal 1 tea-cup ; raisins 1-2 lb.| 
iftugar ^ lb. 

Scald the milk, and stir in the meal whilst boiling ; theni 

let it stand until only blood-warm, and stir all well togetherj 

and bake about one and a half hours. Eaten with sweet', 

/ ened cream, or either of the pudding sauces mentioned iij 

the " Chr^tmas Pudding." ,(,,'. 

4. Indian Puddino To Boil.— Indian meal 1 qt., with a little salt] 
6 eggs ; sour milk 1 cup ; saleratus 1 teaspoon ; Taisins 1 lb. 

Scald the meal, having the salt in it ; when cool stir iJ 

the beaten eggs ; dissolve the saleratus in the milk and sti( 

in also, then the raisins ; English currants, dried curranb 

or dried berries, of any kind, answer every purpose, am 

are, in fact, very nice in place of the raisins. Boil aboi( 

one and a half hours. Eaten with sweetened cream or i 

of the pudding sauces. Any pudding to be boiled musti 

be put into the water until it boils, and taken out as so 

as done, or they become soggy and unfit to eat. 

(,. 6. Quick Indian Pudding. — Take 1 1-2 cups of sour milk ; 2ep 
well beaten ; 1 small teaspoon of saleratus ; dissolved in the mill 
then sift in dry corn meal, and stir to the consistence of coi 
' bread ; then stir in 1-2 lb. of an^ of the fruits mentioned aboTtj 
or, if you have no fruit, it is quite nice without. 

j^J Tie up and boil one hour ; sweetened cream with ali^ 
"^"'^xiutmeg makes anice sauce. As I have just eaten of ti 

jfor my dianeri X throw it ia^ extvA, for it is worthy. 






6. Flour Puddino, to Boil. — When persons hav« 
plenty of dried apples or peaches, and not much of the 
smaller fruits; or desire to change from them in puddings. 

Take wheat flour BufBcient to make a good pan of biscuit, and 
mix it up as for biscuit, with sour milk, ealeratus, and a little 
batter or lard, roll out rather thicker than for pie crust ; now, 
having your apples or peaches nicely stewed, wet the crust over 
with the " Pie Crust Glaze," then spread a layer of the fruit upon 
it, adding a little sugar, as it lies upon the table ; and if you 
cboose, scatter over them a handful of raisins, or any other ol 
the dried iruits mentioned ; roll up the whole together, and boil 
1 Lour. --i ;.u; r-, '.„ v> ■ :■ 5 ■:';■■■-'■' -•. ' -■ '•- s-.'--- -*..' " 

Eaten with any sauce which you may prefer. But the 
com meal puddings are much the most healthy, and I pre- 
fer their taste to those made from flour. 

7. Potato Puddino.— Rub through a cullender 6 large or 12 
middle-sized potatoes ; beat 4 eggs, mix with 1 pt. of good milk ; 
Btir in the potatoes, sugar and seasoning to taste ] butter the dish ) 
bake half an hour. ., « 

This recipe is simple and economical, as it is made ol 
what is wasted in many families, namely, cold potatoes; 
which may be kept two or three days, until a sufficient 
quantity is collected. To be eaten with butter. 

8. Green Gobn Puddino. — Green corn, raw, 2 doz. ears ; sweef 
milk 3 to 4 qts. ; 6 eggs ; sugar 1 to 2 cups. Salt to suite the taste. 

Split the kernels lengthwise of the ear with a sharp knife ; 
then with a case knife scrape the corn from the cob, which 
leaves the hulls on the cob ; mix it with the milk and other 
iirticles, and bake from two to three hours. To be eat^n 
with butter and sugar. * 

9. Steamed Pudding.— Two eggs ; sugar 1 cup ; sour milk 1 cup; 
laleratus 1-2 teaspoon ; a little salt ; dried whortleberrieSi qui^ 
rants, raisins, or other fruit, 1 cup ; flour. , .' i ; ,: » 

Beat the eggs and Htir in the sugar ; dissolve the salcratua 
in the milk, and mix in also the fruit and salt ;. then thicken 
with flour rather thicker than for cake ; put into a two-quart 
pan and set in the steamer, and steam an hour and a half; 
and I think it will crack open on the back — if not, try again. 
It is worth the trouble, especially if you have plenty of 
Bweetened cream. 

10. SPBSADiNa Saucb, for Puddings.— Batter 4 ozs. ; sugar 6 ozi«i' 
1 nutmeg* . , ,. „ s 



'^**"-wB. CHASSIS mmm,'^^^ 

M - 

' Grato the nutmeg and rub all together ; these are about 
the proper proportions, but more or less can be made, as 
desired, and more or less nutmeg can also be used ; or any 
other flavoring in their place. This sauce is nice on baked 
puddings, hot or cold ; and to tell it all, it is not bad on 
Sread. See the "Biscuit Pudding," for dip-sauces. 

'DOMESTIC DISHES— Green Cobn Omelet.— Green corn boiled 
1 doz. ears ; 5 eggs ; salt and pepper to suit the taste. 

1^ Bemove the corn from the cob, as mentioned in the 
" Green Corn Pudding." The splitting allows the escape 
of the pulp,^whilst the hull is held by the cob ; season, form 
into small cakes and fry to a nice brown, and you have a 
very nice omelet. , >;- 


2. APPLES — To Bake— Steamboat Style— Better than Pe& 
SERVES. — Take moderately sour apples, when ripe; and ^ with a 
pocket-knife cut out the stem, and flower end also, so as to re- 
move the skin from these cup-shaped cavities ; wash them, and 
place them in a dripping-pan ; now fill these cavities with brown 
sugar, and pretty freely between them also, with sugar ; then lay 
on a few lumps of butter over the sugar : place them thus ar- 
ranged, into the oven when you begin to heat up the stove for 
breakfast or dinner, and keep them in until perfectly baked through 
and soft. 

Take them up on plates, while hot, by means of a spoon, 
and dip the gravy, arising from the apple juice, sugar and 
butter, over them. Should any of them be left after the 
meal is over, set them by until the next meal, when they 
may be placed in the stove oven until hot, and they will 
have all the beauty of the first baking. Or perhaps some 
person^ may prefer them fried, as follows : . 

t^Z. Fried Apples— Extra Nice. — Take any nice sour cooking 
apples, and after wiping them, cut into slices about one-fourth oi 
an inch thick ; have a frying-pan ready, in which there ia a 
small amount of lard, saj j^ or | of an inch in depth. The lard 
must be hot before the shoes of apples are put in. Let one side 
of them fry until brewn ; then tu^n, and put a small quantity of 
sugar on the browned side of each slice. By the time tho other 
side is browned, the sugar will be melted and spread over the 
whole Burfiaoe. ;. ..: ^^^n,,; .:•• ,^,, ,,.^,|,, --^ y^A't^i-^t :;-t^!J "' 

l( Serve them up hot, and you will have a dish good 
enough for kings and queens, or any poor man's breakfast; 
and I think that even the President would not refuse a few 
liioes^ if properly cooked. There is but little ohoice be* 



tnreen fryj^ng and bakiog by thes^ plaBS ; oltiher one is very 

4. Apple Fritters.— Sour milk 1 pt,; saleratus 1 teaspoon; 
goiir to make a batter not very:8tiff ; 6 'applies parad and corod ; 

Dissolye tlie saleratus in the milk; beat the eggs and put 
in ; then the flour to make a soft batter ; chop the apples to 
about the size of small peas, and mix them well in the batter. 
Fry them in lard, as you would dough-nuts. Eaten with 
battor and sugar. 

6. Apple Meranqe.— An Excellent Substttdtb for Pee or Pud- 
DCfQ. — First take a deep dish and put a bottom crust into it, as 
for a pie ; have nice sour apples, pared, sliced and stewed, sweet-' 
ening slightly ; place a layer of the stewed apple upon the crust. 
Bay about half an inch in thickness ; then put on a layer of nice 
bread, spread with butter as for eating, then another layer of the 
a^e ; now place in an oven and ba^c as a pudding or pie ; when 
done, have the whites of eggs beaten and mixed with a little 1<mS 
or other white sugar, say 2 eggs for a 2-quart dish ; place this 
upon the merange and return it to the oven for a few minutes, to 
brown the egg mixture or frosting. Serve with sugar dis^solved itt 
a little water, adding a little butter, with nutmeg or lemon, as de- 
sired or preferred. 

5. Bread, to Fry— Better thin ToAST.—Take brea^. that iSdry, 
the dryer the better, so it is not mouldy ; first dip it rather quickly 
into cold water, then into eggs which are well beat, having a little 
salt in them; then immediately fry for a short time in hot lard 
until the surface is a pretty yellow or light brown, accordkig to* 


the heat of the lard. « ,. ,- » «. <tv 

I have never eaten bread cooked in any form whidb suitS; 
m^ as well as this. But the following is very nice: 

7. Toast— German Sttle!— Bakers' bread* 1 loaf, cut into slices » 
1-2 inch in thickness ; milk I qt.; 3 eggs, and a little salt ; beat; 
the e^gp and mix them with the milk, and flavor as for custard^, 
not cooking it, however. Dip the sliced bread into the mixture, 
occasionally until it is all absorbed; then fry the pieces - upon a^ 
buffered griddle. S'^'-ve for dinner with sugar syrup, flavored 
with lemon. 



This is the German style of making toast; but is quite 
good enough for an American. And I have no doi^bt that 
, home-made bread will answer all purposes — our's does, cer- 
tainly. . 

8. BAtiKwoODs' PrbservbS.— Moderately boil a pint of ffl««* 
I latp, from 5 to 20 minutes, according to its oopmsteAOy , tha^ 

J I 




add 8 eggs, tborougbly beaten, hasifly stirring fbem fn, and eoih 
tinue to boil a few minutes longer ; then season with a nutmeg or 

• ^ Do not fail to ^ve it a trial. h > . ^^^v * 

9. French Honey.— White sngar 1 lb.; 9 eggs, leaving out 
the whites of 2 : the juice of 3 or 4 lemons, and the grated iind of 
2 ; and ^ lb. of butter. Stir over a slow fire until it is about the 
consistency of honey. 

This and the last will be found to come much nearer 
what they represent, than the Yankee "wooden nutmegs" 
did, upon trial. 

10. Muffins.— To each qt. of sweet milk add 2 eggs well beaten; 
a lump of butter, half the size of an egg, and flour enoagh to make 
a stiff batter. Stir in 1-2 pt. of yeast ; let them stand until perfectly 
light, and then bake on a griddle, in tin rings made for that 
purpose. ' : r; \ 

i? These are merely strips of tin, three-quarters of an inch 
vide, made into rings from two and a half to three inches 
in diameter, without bottom — the ring being simply placed 
on a griddle, and the batter poured in to fill it. ;^ , „> 

11. Mock Oysters.— Six nice, plump, ears of sweet com, 
uncooked ; grate from the cob ; beat one egg, stirring into it floor 
and milk, of each 1 table-spoon ; season with a little salt and 
pepper. Put about a teaspoon of butter into a suitable pan for 
frying, haying mixed in the corn, also, drop the mixture kxto the 
hot butter ; one spoon of it in a place, turning them so as to fiy 
brown. Serve hot, for breakfast. 

Whether they imitate oysters or not, no one need regret 
giving them a trial. 

12. Fruit Jams, Jellies j^t> Pheserves.— The 
difference between common preserves, jellies and jams, ia 
this : Preserves are made by taking fruit and sugar, pound 
for pounds and simply cooking them together untU the fruit 
is done. « "> ' . < : ■ 

-< 13. Jellies are made by squeezing and straining out 
the juice only, of the fruit ; i,hen taking p pound of sugar 
for a pound of juice, and cooking until it jells, which is 
told by taking out a little upon a cold plate. . 

"^ 14. Jams are made by weighing the whole fruit, wash- 
ing, slicing, and putting in sufficient water to cook it well; 
then when cool, rubbing it through a fine sieve, and with 
this polpi putting in as much sugar as there^was of thfi 

baeebb' Ain> oooEiNa depabtmeitt. 801 

fruit only, and cooking it yery carefully, until the weight of 
ths jam is the same as the fruit and added sugar , the water 
you see is all gone ; and this is easily told by having pre- 
viously weighed the kettle in which you are cooking it. 
The jam, if uicely done, contains more of tho fruit flavor 
than the jell, and is as vu'aable as the jell to put into water 
as a drink for invalids ; and better for flavoring syrups for 
Boda-fountai^s, &c. Strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, 
peaches, and^ine-apples, make very nice jams for flavoring 
hyrups. Much of the flavor of the fruit resides in the skin, 
pits, &c. And jams made in this way from the blackberry, 
[are good for sore mouth, diarrhoea, dysentery, &c. , _ , 

15. Frutt ExTRACTS.—Best alcohol 1 pt. ; oil of lemon 1 oz. ; 
peel of 2 lemoD8. 

Break the peels, and put in with the others for a few 
days ; then remove them and you will have just what you 
desire for a trifling cost compared with the twenty-five cent 
bottles, which are so prominently set out as the nicest thing 
in the world. • 

This rule holds good fot all fruit oils ; but for fmits, such 
IS peaches, pine-apples, strawberries, raspberries, blackber- 
ries, &c., you will take alcohol and water equal parts, and 
put upon them sufficient to handsomely cover ; and in a few 
days you have the flavor and juices of the fruit, upon the 
principle of making " Bounce," which most men know 
more or less about. If persons will act for themselves, 
using common sense, working from known facts like these, 
they will not need to run after every new-fangled thing 
which is seen blazing forth in almost every advertisement 
of the day. ; ' -— ^ . ' .^ 

Vanilla, nutmeg, mace, cinnamon, &c., are made by cut- 
ting up the vanilla bean, or bruising the nutmegs, cinnamon, 
&o., and putting about two ounces to each pint of puro 
spirit, or reduced alcohol, frequently shaking for about two 
weeks, and filtering or pouring off very carefully j if for 
sale, however, they must be filtered ; for coloring any of the 
extracts see the " Essences" and " Syrups," For cakes and 
pics, however, it is just as well to pulverize nutmegs, mace, 
cinnamon, &c., and use the powder, for the qujintity re- 
quired is 80 small that it will never bo seen in the cake or 
ipie, ',. , ■ 




r^ }'^ C... 



MEDICATED WATERS— Rose Wa'?^.— fafe^ Cftt1)0iiiilft of 
magnesia | oz. ; oil of rose 30 drops ; drop the oil upon the ir«ag- 
nesia, and rub it together; then add, rubbing all the time, of 
distilled water, if you can get it, 1 qt., if not take the purest ram 
or snow water, — n porcelain mortar is best, but a bowl does very 
well,— then filter through filtering paper. 

The magnesia breaks up the oil globules and enables the 
water to take it up ; and the filtering removes the magnesia. 
>•» 2. Cinnamon Water. — Use the same amount of oil magnesia, 

"^ . and water, and treat the same as the " Rose Water." 

3. Peppermint, Spearmint and Pennyroyal Waters are made 
the same as above. 

4. Camphor Water. — To make camphor water, yon must first 
put on a few drops of alcohol ; say 40 or 60 drops, to camphor gum 
\ oz. ; and rub the camphor fine, which enables you to work it up 
with magnesia k oz. .; then gradually add water 1 qt., as mentioned 
in the waters above, and filtered. 

The rose and cinnamon waters arc. used for cooking ; but 
the others for medical purposes. 

.^ t ■' 

■ >' 

Jig'' ■ 

t^i ;.:i {''<■■ 


> Ki; 

Washing fluid— saving hai.p the wash-board labor.- 

Sal-soda 1 lb. ; stone lime ^ lb. ; water 5 qts. ; boil a short time, 
stiiring occasionally ; then let it settle and pour off the clear fluid 
into a stone jug and cork for use 5 soak your white clothes over 
night, in simple water ; wring out, and soap wrist-bands, collars, 
and dirty or stained places ; have your boiler half filled with water, 
and when at scalding heat, put in one common teacup of the 
fluid, stir and put in your clothes, and boil for half an hour : then 
rub lightly through one suds only, rinsing well/in the blumg 
water, as usual, and all is complete. u ■( v 

If you wish to wash on Monday, put warm suds to the 
clothes whilst breakfast is being got ready ; then wring out 
and soap as above, will do just as well as soaking them over 
night, and my wife thinks better. V- v ^ 

For each additional boiler of clothes add half a cup of 
the fluid only ; of course boiling in the same water through 

washed fl 
in some € 
then was] 
fluid brig 

This p 
give their 
Boap — do( 
two rubb 
moving gi 
move tar 

I hope 
will give i 
years, noi 
clothes, hi 
easier thai 
a sufficien 

The ho 

I have : 
monia, cai 
of them 
man }ost 
fluid cent 
pecially, t 
the person 
OS also to 

And hi 
allow the 
warm anc 
this to be 
repeated c 
that two 
end, a co 

blueing sc 

the wliole washing. If more water is needed in the boiler ■ ^'^^^^ tbi 
for the last clothes, dip it from the sudsing tub. Soak ■ Take be 
your woolen and calico in the suds from which you have ■ pul^eriaed 


washed the white clothes, whilst hanging them out, dipping 
ia some of the boiling water from the boiler, if necessary ; 
then wash out the woolen and calico as usual — of course, 
▼ashing out woolen goods before you do the calico. The 
fluid brightens instead of fading the colors in calico. 

This plan not only saves the two rubbings which women 
give their clothes before boiling, and more than half of the 
Boap — does not injure the clo*-hcs, but saves their wear in 
two rubbings before boiling ; and is a good article for re- 
moving grease from floors, doors, and windows, and to re- 
move tar or grease from the hands, &o. ' 45»«*/ vft.7 if 

I hope every lady into whose hands this recipe may fall, 
will give it a trial, as my family have now used it over seven 




only two washings. It does not rot 

clothes, but makes them wash full or more than one-half 
easier than the old way. Seven years ought to be considered 
a sufficient test. 

The honor of this recipe is accredited to Prof. Liebig, of 
(Jermany. '* ' 

■I have found many women using turpentine, alcohol, am- 
monia, camphor gum, &c., in their washing fluids ; but none 
of them ought ever to be used for such purposes (one wo- 
man Jost the use of her arm, for six months, by using a 
fluid containing turpentine) ; the turpentine and alcohol, es- 
pecially, tend to open the pores of the skin, and thus mako 
the person more liable to take cold in hanging out the clothes, 
OS also to weaken the arm. 

And hear let me say, if it is possible to avoid it, never 
allow the woman who washes the clothes, and thus becomes 
warm and sweaty, to hang them out ; and especially ought 
this to be regarded in the winter or windy weather. Many 
consumptions are undoubtedly brought on by these frequently 
repeated colds, in this way. It works upon the principle 
that two thin shoes make one cold, two colds an attack of 
bronchitis ; two attacks of bronchitis one consumption — the 
end, a coffin. 

LIQUID BLUEING— For Clothes.— Most of the 
blueing sold is poor stuff, leaving specks in the clothes. To 
avoid this : 

Take best Prussian-bliie, pulverized, 1 oz. ; oxalic acid, also 
pttlveriaed, ^ oz. ; soft water 1 qt. Mix. The acid dissolves iiii 

) I 


I i 


bine and holds it in evenly in the Trater, so that specking will 
never take place. One or two table-spoons of it is sufficient for a 
tub of water, according to the oize o^ '\o tub. 

Chinese-blue, when it can be got, is the best, and only 
costs one shilling an ounce, with three cents for the acid, will 
give better satisfaction than fifty cents worth of the common 
blueing. This amount has now lasted my family over a 

SOAPS— Soft Scat— For Half the Expense axd One-Fourth 
THE TaeuBLB OP THE Old Way. — Take white-bar soap 4 lbs ; cut 
it flne and dissolve, by heating in soft water 4 gals. ; adding sal- 
soda 1 lb. When all is dissolved and well mixed, it is done. 

Yellow soap does very well, but Colgate's white, is said 
to be the best. But our ^^ White hard soap" is the same 

kind. :: ,::4._ V..X u 


This soap can be made thicker or more thin, by using 
more or less water, as you may think best after once making 
V it. Even in common soft soap, if this amount of sal-soda 

is put into that number of gallons, washing will be done 
much easier, and the soap will more than compensate foi 
the expense and trouble of the addition. 

2. German Erasive, or Yellow Soap. — Tallow and Bal,8oda, o( 
each 112 lbs. ; rosin 56 lbs. ; stone lime 28 lbs. ; palm-oil 8 lbs. ; 
soft water 28 gals. ; or for small quantities, tallow and sal-soda, 
of eacli 1 lb. ; rosin 7 ozs. ; stone lime 4 ozs. ; palm-oil 1 oz. ; soft 
water 1 qt. 

Put soda, lime, and water into a kettle and boil, stirring 
well ; then let it settle and pour qff the ley. In another 
kettle, melt the tallow, rosin, and palm-oil ; having it hot, 
the ley being also boiling hot; mix all together stirring 
well, and the woi|j^ is done. 

3. Hard S)ap, with Lard. — Sal-soda and lard, of each 6 lbs.; I 
Btone lime 3 lbs. ; soft water 4 gals. ; dissolve the lime and soda 

.i. in the water, by boiling, stirring, settling and pouring off; then | 
return to the kettle (brass or copper) and add the lard and boil un- 
;; til it becomes soap ; then pour into a dish or moulds, and wlieo 
cold, cut it into bars and let it dry. 

' This recipe was obtained by finding an over-coat with it 
in the pocket, and also a piece of the soap ; the man kept it 
with him, as it irritated his salt-rheum so much less than 
other soaps. It has proved valuable for washing gonerollji 



aid also for shaving purposes. It would be better than 
lalf the toilet soaps sold, if an ounce or two of sassafras 
ol was stirred into this amount ; or a little of the soap 
might be put in a separate dish, putting in a little of the 
oil, to correspond with the quantity of soap. ' ' - 

4. White Haud Soap, with Tallow.— Fresh slacked lime, sal* 
sola, and tallow, of each 2 lbs. ; dispolve the soda in 1 gal. boiling 
tot water ; now mix in the lime, stirring occabionally for a few 
hours ; after which let it settle, pouring off the clear liquor and 
loiling the tallow therein until it is all dissolved ; cool It in a flat 
box or pan, and cut into bars or cakes, as preferred. 

It can be flavored with sassafras oil, as the last, by stir- 
ring it in when cool ; it can be colored also, if desired, as 
mentioned in the " Variegated Toilet Soap." 

When any form of soda is used in making soap, it ia 
nec08sary to use lime to give it causticity; or, in other 
words, to make it caustic ; which gives it much greater 
power upon the grease, by removing the carbonic acid; 
lieDce the benefit of putting lime in the bottom of a leaoh 
when making soap from common ashes. 

6. Transparent Soap. — Take nice yellow bar soap, 6 lbs. : cut it 
thin, and put into a brass, tin or copper kettle ; with alcohol 1-2 
gal. ; heating gradually over a slow fire, stirring until all is dis- 
(olved ; then add an ounce of sassafras essence, and stir until well 
mixed ; now pour into pans about 1 1-2 inches deep, and when 
cold, cut into square bars, the length, or width of the pan as de- 

This gives yon a nice toilet i$fp for a trifling expense, 
and when fully dry it is very transparent. 

6. One Hundred Pounds op Good Soap for $1.30.— Take pot- 
asii 6 lbs., 74 cts. ; lard 4 lbs., 50 cts. ; rosin ^ lb., 5 cts. 

Beat up the rosin, mix all together, and set aside for Ats 
then put the whole into a ten gallon cask of warm 
water, and stir twice a day for ten days j at the expiration of 
which time you will have one hundred pounds of excellent 

7. Chemical Soft Soap.— J. Hamilton, an English 
gentleman, and proprietor of the Eagle Hotel, Aurora, In- 
diana, makes his soap for house use, as follows : 

Take grease 8 lbs. ; caustic soda 8 lbs. ; sal-soda 1 lb, ; melt the 
greose \a a kettle, me}t the sodas in soft water 4 ^als. and pour 




all into a barrel holding 40 gals., and fill up with soft water, and 
the labor is done. 

When the oaustio soda cannot be obtained of soap-makeis, 
▼ou will make it by obtaining soda-ash and fresh slacked 
lime, of each eight pounds; dissolving thom in the water 
with the sal-soda, and when settled, pouring off the clear 
liquid as in the *' White Hard Soap with Tallow." 

8. Soap without Heat. — Mr. Tomilson, writing to 
Judge Buel, says : " ' ;' 

" My wife has no trouble about soap. The grease is put into a 
cask, and strong ley added. During the year, as the fat incroases, 
more ley is stirred in ; and occasionally stirred with a stick that la 
kept in it. By the time the cask is full, the soap is made for use." 

There is no mistake about this manner of making soap: 
The only object of boiling is to increase the strength of 
weak ley and hasten the process. ♦ * 

9. Windsor, or Toilet Soap. — Cut some new, white bar soap 
into thin slices, melt it over a slow fire, and scent it with oil of 
caraway ; when perfectly dissolved, pour it into a mould and let it 
remain a week, then cut it into such sized squares as you may re< 

10. Variegated Toilet Soap. — Soft water 3 qts. ; nice white bar 
Boap 3 lbs. ; sal-soda 2 oz<3. ; Chinese vermillion and Chinese blue, 
of each, as much as will lie on a 5-cent piece ; pil of sassafras 

Shave the soap fine and put it into the water as it begins 
to boil ; when dissolved, set it from the fire ; take out a cup of 
the soap and stir in the vermillion ; take out another cup of 
the sofip and stir in the blue ; then pour in one of the cups 
and give two or thrp« turns only with the stirring stick ; then 
put in the other in the same way ; and finally pour into a 
Buitable box, and when cold it can be cut into bars j or it i 
can be run in moulds, if desired ; it will become hard in a | 
short time ; giving most excellent satisfaction. If stirred 
thoroughly, ^ter putting in the colors, it would bo all of a 
mixed color ; but giving it only two or three turns, leaves 
it in streaks, more beautiful. 

Soap manufacturers generally use soda in preference to 
wood ashes, because less troublesome ; and to make it more 
caustiS, or, in other words, to absorb the carbonic acid gas, 
they must put about pound for pound for recently slacked 



lime with soda-ash, or sal-soda ; dissolving by heat or Btir- 
ring ; or by both ; using sufficient water to make the ley 
support a fresh laid egg, and drawing oflF clear of the lime 
seiiment. Thirteen hundred pounds of the tallow, or ther©*^ : 
atouts, with the ley, makes one ton of white soap ; and yel- 
hw soap, by using ten hundred of tallow and three hundred 
and fifty of yellow rosin, for each ton, boiling with the ley 
until they unite ; then pouring into frames, made to fit one 
upon another, to cool and harden ; finally taking off one 
frame at a time, and with a wire, having a handle at each 
end to draw it with, cut into slices, then bats, and cording 
up, as wood, to dry. If wood-ashes are used, plenty of lime 
muse be put into the bottom of the leach. ' :: 

TALLOW CANDLES— For Summer Use.— Most 
tallow, in summer, is more or less soft, and often quite yel- 
low, — to avoid both : 

Take your tallow and put a little bees-wax with it, especially if 
your bees-wax is dark and not fit to sell ; put into a suitable 
kettle, adding weak ley and gently boil, an hour or two eaoh day 
for 2 days, stirring and skimming well ; each morning cutting it 
out and scraping off the bottom which is soft, adding fresh ley 
(be sure it is not too strong) 1 or 2, or 3 gals., according to the 
amount of tallow. The third morning use water in which alum and 
saltpetre are dissolved, at the rate of 1 lb each, for 30 lbs. of tallow: 
then simmer, stir, and skim again ; let cool, and you can take it off 

the water for use. 


They may he dipped or run in moulds j for dipping, allow 
two pounds for each dozen candles. > 

Saltpetre and alum are said to harden lard for candles; but 

it can be placed amongst tke humbugs of the day. But 

I will give you a plan which is a little shorter for harden- 

ing tallow ; either will work well, take your choice : 

2. Tallow — To Cleanse and Bleach. — Dissolve alum 5 lbs., in 
water 10 gals., by boiling ; and when it is all dissolved, add tallow 
20 lbs. ; continue the boiling for an hour, constantly stirring and 
Bkimming ; when sufficiently cool to allow it, strain through thick 
musliii ; then set aside to harden j when taken from the water, lay; 
it by for a short time to drip. 

Dip or mould, as you please, not expecting them to "run" 
I in summer nor "crack" in winter. They will also bum 
I very brilliantly, at which, however, you will not be sur- 
i prised when you consider the amount of filth thrown off in 


DB. chases' BEOIPES. 

. FENCE POSTS— To Prevent Rottinq.— A <Mrre». 
pondent of the American Agriculturist says : ^, ,;", ,. 

« I think it would be well to call the attention of fanners to 
the u£e of coal-tar as a puint. The tar produced in coal gas* 
works is extensively used in England for painting fences, out- 
buildings, &c. ; and is being introduced in this country, also. It 
never alters by exposure to the weather ; and one or two ^good 
coats will last for many years. It is the cheapest and best black 
paint that can be used. Our buildings are painted with it ; all ^ 
our apparatus also ; and even the wrought-iron pipe we place la 
the ground '^ coated with it. I think if its advantages were 
fiilly known, it would be generally used throughout the United 
States. The Government soak the brick used in building the fort 
at Throgg's Neck in this tar, which renders them impervious to 
water ; and posts painted with it are protected from rot ; when ia 
the ground, as effectually as if they had been charred.'' 
'^ I know this tar in much more effectual than charring, and 
is not one-tenth the trouble. There are posts near thii city, 
which have iiow been set over ten years, and yet no ap- 
pearance of decay. The coating is still perfect also. 

The only objection to it as a paint above ground, is its 
offensive smell, from the heat of the sun. 

No persons should allow themselves to set a single post 
without its application, and farmers who are putting out 
much fence, cannot possibly be so short sighted as to neg- 
lect it after it comes to their notice, 

It is doubly important to railroad companies from the 
fact that these roads run through the most level portions of 
country, and consequently the most swampy and wet, there- 
fore fence posts are the most liable to roi The mode of 
application is ad follows : 

Have a large iron kettle so arranged that vou can maKe and 
keep the tar hot, then, after having removed the bark, if tt-y, set 
the end of the post into the tar ; a)id if Ihe tar is not oufEtcientlj 
deep to take the post into it as far as you wish to tar it, have a 
■wab of cloth tied upon a broom-handle or other stick, and swab 
it up at least 6 to 10 inches above the ground line, when the post 
is set ; then lift up the post, letting; it drip a moment, and lay it 
away upon rails or po'es placed lor that purpose, not allowing 
i^em to touch each other until dry. 

^' Two men will tar about five hundred posts in one day, 
and one barrel of tar will be sufficient for that number. 
Who then will hesitate to adopt its use ? especially when 
the tar can be purchased at the gas works for about two dol- 
lars per barrel* ; 




MEATS— TO Jf RESERVE— Beef— To Fickle for Lono Keep-j* 
ISO.— i^iRBT, thoroughly rub salt into it and let H remain in bulk 
for 24 hours to draw off the blood. Second, take it up letting it 
drain, and pack as desired. Third, have ready a pickle prepared 
as follows :— for every 100 lbs. of beef use 7 lbs. of salt ; salt- 
petre and cayenne pepper, of each 1 oz. ; molasses 1 qt., and soft 
water 8 gals. ; boil and skim well, and when sold pour it over the 

This amount will cover one hundred pounds, If it haa 
been properly packed. I have found persons who use 
nothing but salt with water, and putting on hot, scalding 
again at the end of three weeks, and putting on hot again. 
The only object claimed for putting the brine on the meat 
while hot, is, that it hardens the surface. <rhich retains the 
juices, instead of drawing them off. 

2. The Michigan Fabmers' Method. — Is, " for each 100 lbs. of 
beef, use salt 6 lbs. : saltpetre J- oz. ; brown sugar 1 lb. ; dissolve 
in sufficient water to cover tiie meat^ — two weeks after take up, ' 
drain— throw away the brine, make more the same as first, it will 
keep the season through — when to be boiled for eating, put into r 

I boiling water — for soups into cold water." 

I claim a preference for the first plan, of drawing off the^ 
blood before pickling, as saving labor ; and that the cayenne 
and saltpetre improves the flavor and helps preserve ; and 
I that boiling and skimming cleanse the brine very much. Of 
I late years I pursue the following : | 

3. Beef— To Pickle for Winter or Present Use, and for 
Drying. — Cut your beef into sizeable pieces, sprinkle a little salt 
] upon the bottom of the barrel only, then pack your beef without 
I Bait amongst it, and when packed pour over it a brine made by 

dissolving 6 lbs. of sail, for each 100 lbs. of beef in just sufficient 
I cold water to handsomely cover it. 

You will find that /ou can cut and fry as nice as fresh, 
for a long time ; just right for boiling also ; and when it gets 
a little too salt foi' frying, you can freshen it nearly as 
nicely as pork, for frying purposes ; or you can boil of it, 
thea '^.ake a stew for breakfast, very nice indeed. By the 
other plan it soon becomes too salt for eating, and the juices 
are drawn off by the salt. In three weeks, perhaps a little 
ieiis, such pieces as are designed for drying will be ready to 
hang up, by soaking over night to remove the salt from the 
outside. Do not be afraid of this way, for it is very nice 
for wiater and drying purposes ; but if any is left until^ 


DB. oHAi^s ^Bsscrpm^ -^ 


warn wisailier, throw away this brine, put salt amongst what 
is left and cover with the first brine, and all is ri^t for 
long keeping. 

4. Mutton Hams — To Pickle for Drying. — First take weak 
brine and put the hams into it, for 2 days, then pour oflf and 
apply- the following, and let it remain on from 2 to 3 weeks, ac- 
cording to the size : For each 100 lbs., take salt 6 lbs. ; saltpetre I 
oz. ; saleratus 2 oz. ; molasses 1 pt. ; water 6 gals., will cover these 
if closely packed. 

The saleratus keeps the mutton from becoming too hard. 

5. Curing, Smoking, and Keeping Hams. — Rose Cot- 
TAOE, MuNciE, Ind., Nov. 26th, 1859 : I noticed an article 
in the Gazette of yesterday, headed as above, from the 
pen of Mr. Alexander Brooks, taken from the Rural New 
Yorker^ and as I have some useful experience in that t line, I 
desire to suggest my plan for curing and keeping : 

• To a cask of hams, say from 25 to 80, after having packed 
them closely and sprinkled them slightly with salt, I let them lie 
thus for 3 days ; then make a brine sufficient to cover them, by 
putting salt into clear water, making it strong enough to bear 
up a sound egg or potato. I then add ^ lb. of saltpetre, and a 
gallon of molasses ; let them lie in the brine for 6 weeks — they 
are then exactly right. I then take them up and let them drain; 
then while damp, rub the flesh side and the end of the leg with 
finely pulverized black, red, or cayenne pepper ; let it be as fine 
as dust, and dust every part of the flesh side, then hang them up 
and smoke. You may leave them hanging in the smoke-house or 
other cool place where the rats cannot reach them, as they are 
perfectly safe from all insects ; and will be a dish fit for a prmce, 
or an American citizen, which is better. 

Respectfully yours. 

Thos. J. Sample. 

I find that Mr. Sample uses twice as much saltpetre and 
double the time, for my eating, but perhaps not for general 
market. ^; -' " 'v^?- •• , .•■; .- . ■ 

>- If grocers will take this plan for preparing their hams 
and shoulders, there will be no need for sacking; and such 
as they buy in during the summer should receive a coat of 
pepper imnediately, to prevent annoyance from flies. 

6. T. E. Hamilton's Maryland Method.— The hams 
of Maryland and Virginia have long enjoyed a wide cele- 
brity. At one of the exhibitions of the Maryland State 
Agricultural Society, four premiums were awarded for 





hams. The one which took the first premium was cured by 
Mr. T, E. Hamilton, from the following recipe : 

" To every 100 lbs. take best coarse salt 8 lbs. ; saltpetre 2 oz. ; 
brown sugar 2 lbs. ; potash 1\ ozs. ; and water 4 gals. Mix the 
above, and pour the brine over the meal, after it has lain in the 
tub for some two days. Let the h\ms remain G weeks in the brine 
and thon dry several days before smoking. I have generally haci 
the meat rubbed with fine salt, vhen it is packed down," 

The meat should be perfectly cool before packing. The 
potash keepa it from drying up and becoming hard. 

7. Pork. — To Have Fresh from Winter Killing, for Sdmmeb 
Frying. — Take pork when killed in the early part of the winter, 
and let it lie in pickle about a week or 10 days ; or until jusi 
Bufficiently salted to be palatable ; then slice it up and fry it aboul 
half* or two-thirds as much as you would for present eating ; now 
lay it away in its own grease, in jars properly covered, in a cool 
place, as you would lard. 

When desired, in spring or summer, to have fresh pork, 
take out what you wish and re-fry suitable for eating, and 
you have it as nice as can be imagined. Try a jar of it, and 
know that some things can be done as well as others. It is 
equally applicable to hams and shoulders, and I have no 
doubt it will work as well upon beef, using lard sufficient to 
cover it. So well satisfied am I of it *hat I have put in 
beef-steak this spring, with my fresh ham in frying foi 
summer use. It works upon the principle of (j^j\uing fruity 
to exclude the air. I put in no bone. - ;♦ t - ' -^ 

8. Salt Pork, for Frying — Nearly Equal to Fresh 
—For the benefit of those who are obliged to u..^ consider- 
able salt pork, the following method much improves it foi 

frying: „ '■t.m' 

Cut as many slices as may be needed ; if for ])reakra8t, tne 
night previous, and soak till morning in a quart or two of milkj 
and water, about one-half milk, skimmed-milk, sour ir.iik, oi 
buttermilk ; — rinse till the water is clear and then fry. It is near 
or quite as nice as fresh pork, — both the fat and lean parts. 

Occasionally I like to have this rolled in corn meal before 
frying, as it makes such a nice imitation of iresh fish. 

9. Fresh Meat — To Keep a Week or Two in Summer.— Fannerg 
or others, living at a distance from butchers, can keep i'lvsb 
iTieat very nicely, for a week or two, by putting it into sour milk, 
or buttermilk placing it in a cool cellar. The bone or fat need not 
be removed. 

Bwsf \jrell wlien use4, -^ .-.. ,. 


!L^t -l : 





10. Smoked Meat — To Preserve for Years, or poa 
Sea Voyages. — How often are we disappointed in our hopes 
of having sweet hams during the summer ? After carefully 
euring and smoking, and sewing them up in bags, and white- 
washing them ; we often find that either the fly has com- 
menced a family in our hams, or that the choice parts around 
the bone are tainted and the whole spoiled. '<; , - ),■ 

«!' Now this can be easily avoided, by packing them in pulverized 
charcoal. No matter how hot the weather, nor how thick the 
files ; hams will keep, as sweet as when packed, for years. The 
preservative quality of charcoal will keep them till charcoal de- 
cays ; or sufiQciently long to have accompanied Cook three times 
arouDd the world. 

11. The Bubal New Yorker's Method. — ^Tt says : " In th« 
Spring, cut the smoked hams in slices, fry till partly done, pack 

in a stone jar alternate layers of bam and gravy. If the ham 
should be very lean, use lard for gravy. Be sure and fry the ham 
in the lard, so that it will be well seasoned. When wanted for 
use, take up, finish fiying, and it is ready for the table." 

^ The only trouble is, that we can't keep it half long 
enough, it is so good and handy. 

12. The New England Farmer's "Saving His 
Bacon." — ^About a couple of years ago, we wera enter- 
odned at the house of a friend, with a dinner of eggs and 
bacon. We complimented our host on the superior quality 
of his bacon ; and were curious to inquire the way to like 
success in the preparation of a dainty article of diet, though 
one thr>t is better fitted for the palate of an epicure than for 
the stomach of a dyspeptic. To our surprise we were in- 
formed that that portion of our meal was cooked eight 
months before. 

Upon asking for an explanation, he stated that it was his prac- 
tice to slice and fry his bacon iramedi itely on its being cured, an4, 
then pack it in its own fat. When occasion came for using it, 
the slices, slightly re-fried, have all the freshness and flavor of 
new bacon just prepared. By this precaution, onr friend always 
succeeded in " saving his bacon," fresh and sweet, through the 
hottest of weather, — New England Farmer. \ 

I have no doubt but what it will do as well to pack meats 
if fried in this way, in tubs or barrels as in jars, but I 
rather prefer covered jars, putting a couple of thicknesses of 
cloth over the jar before putting on the cover ; placed in 9 
cool cellar, ,,,, . ., 





■ A ■ 

I also find it necessary to put in lard occasionally as you^ 
are frying, ds there is not generally enough brought out by^ 
the frying to fill the crevices between the slices, which must 
be filled. 

CANNING FRUITS— Peaches and Pears.— After paring and 
coring, put amongst them sufficient sugar to make them palatable ' 
for present eating— about 3 to 4 lbs. only for each bushel ; let 
them stand awhile to dissolve the sugar, not using any water ; 
then heat to a boil, and continue the boiling, with care, from 20 to 
30 minutes ] or sufficiently long to heat through, which expels the 
air. ■ ,., , ,.f, 

Have ready a kettle of hot water, into which dip the can 
long euCTAgh to heat it; then fill in the fruit while hot,^ 
corking it immediately, and dip the end of the cork into 
the " Cement for Canning Fruits." When cold it is best 
to dip the second time to make sure that no air holes are 
left which would spoil the fruit. All canned fruits are to 
be kept in a very cool cellar. 

We have, yesterday and to-day, been eating peaches put 
np in this way, two years ago, which were very nice indeed. 
See " Peaches, To Peel." ..t. ?• .. * 

2. Berries, Plums, Cherries, Ac— Raspberries, blackberries, 
Tvhortleberries, currants, cherries, and plums, need not be boiled 
over 10 or 15 minutes ; using sugar to make palatable, in all cases; 
as it must be put in some time, and it helps to preserve the 

fruit. " XJi^nir^ : 

They require the same care in heating caris, &o., as above, 
for peaches. v : ^ . ; v 

3. Strawberries.— For strawberries, put sugar J lb. for each lb. 
of berries ; and proceed as for berries above. 

Strawberries are so juicy, and have such a tendency to 

fermentation, that it is almost impossible to keep them. I 

<iave found it absolutely so, until I adopted the plan of 

using the amount of sugar above named : if others can do 

with less, they can benefit the public by telling me how 

they do it. 

6. Tomatoes.— For tomatoes, scald and peel theip as for other 
cooking ; then scald, or rather boil for about 15 minutes only, and 
can as above. ^ 

Or what I think best, is to use a little salt, and put them 
into half-gallon jugs ; for we want them in too great quan- 
tities to stop on a f^ glass jars, such as we use for otlior 




'^ DrT chase's REcftfe. 


fruits ; as for tin cans, I never use them ; if you do use 
tin cans for tomatoes it will not do to use salt with them, as 
it has a tendency to cause rust. 

6. Cement fgk Canning Fhuits. — Rosin 1 lb. j lard, tallow and 
beeswax, of eachi 1 oz. - ■ \ 

Melt and stir together j and have it hot, ready to dip into 
when cannin&c. 

' i"*-*' ",■<« ' ,>?! 'i 

i,»il'.''. * 

7. Rural New Yorker's Method. — The editor says : 

From four years' experience with not only strawberries, but 
peaches, cherries, raspberries, pine-apples, &c., without losing a 
single jar, the flavor being also perfect : Using only self-se?ling 
glass jars. Put into a porcelain preserving kettle, enough to fill 
two quart jars ; sprinkle on sugar ^ lb. ; place over a slow fire and 
heat through, not cooked. While the fruit is heating, keep the 
jars filled with hot water. Fill up to the brim, and seal ^mmo- 

As it cools, a vacuum is formed which prevents bursting. 
In this way every kind of fruit will retain its flavor. Some- 
times a thiclf leathery mould forms on the top — if so, all 
the better. 

CATCHUP — Tomato Catchup.— Take perfectly ripe toma- 
toes ^ bushel ; wash them clean and break to pieces ; then put 
over the fire and let them come to a boil, and remove from the 
fire ; when they are sufficiently cool to allow your hands in them, 
rub through a wire sieve ; and to what goes through, add salt 2 
tea-cups ; allspice and cloves, of each, ground, 1^ tia-cup ; best 
vinegar 1 qt. Put on to the fire again and cook 1 hour, stirring 
with great care to avoid burning. Bottle and seal for use. If too 
thick when used, put in a little vinegar. If they were very juicy 
they may need boiling over an hour. , ,,r. j^ ; , 

This recipe is from Mrs. Hardy, of the American Hotel, 
Dresden, 0., and is decidedly the best catchup which I have 
ever tasted ; the only fault I have ever heard attributed ta 
it was, ** I wish we had made more of it." " We have not 
got half enough of it," &o. But there are those who can- 
not use tomatoes in any shape; such persons will undoubt- 
edly like the following : 

. ' Currant CATcmrp. — Nice fdlly ripe currants 4 lbs. ; sugar IJ 
lbs. ; cinnamon, ground, 1 tablespoon ; salt, with ground clovea 
and pepper, of each 1 teaspoon ; vinegar 1 pt. ^ ; 

Stew the currants and sugar until quite thick ; then add 
the other ingredients; and bottle for use. 




PRBSERYES— Tomato Peeservbs.— As some per- 
sons will have preserves, I give them the plan of making 
the most healthy of any in use : .,,, ,i, 

Take ripe, scalded and peeled tomatoes, 13 lbs. ; nice, scalding 
hot molasses 1 gal. ; pour the molasses iipon them and let stand 
12 hours ; then boil until they are properly cooked ; now skim 
out the tomatoes, but continue boiling the syrup until quite thick ; 
then pour again upon the tomatoes, and put away as other pre- 
serves. A table-spoon of ginger tied up in a bit of cloth, and 
boiled in them, gives a nice flavor ; or.the extracts can be used ; or 
lemon peel, as preferred — if sugar is used, pound for pound is 
the amount. 

But I prefer to put them, or any other fruit, into jngs) 
cans, or bottles, which retain the natural flavor and does 
not injure the stomach, which all preserves do, to a greater 
or less extent. Yet I give you another, because it does so 
nicely in place of citron, in cakes. ' • ^ ^'^ ■•' - 

2. Preserved Water-Mei/)n in Place op Citron for Cakes. — 
The harder part of water-melon ; next the skin made into pre- 
Berves, with sugar, equal weights ; cooking down the syrup rather 
more than for common use, causes It to granulate, like,citron, whiph 
is kept for sale. ^ ,, .* > ■ -i; ^ .ii< yij.'vri' 

This chopped fine, as citron, makes an excellent substi- 
tute for that article ; and for very much less cost. Call in 
the neighbors, to help eat about a dozen good sized melons, 
and you have outside enough for the experiment ; and if 
the Doctor is near he will help without a fee. They are 
nice, also, in mince-pies in place of raisins. 

CURRANTS— To Dry with Sugar.— Take fully ripe currantSf 
stemmed, 6 lbs. ; sugar 1 lb. ; put into a brass kettle, stirring at 
first, then as the currants boil up to the top, skim them oflf ; boil 
down the juicy syrup until quite thick, and pour it over the cur- 
rants, mixing well, then place on suitable dishes, and dry tbem by 
placing in a low box, over which you can place musquito-bar, to 
bep away flies. --_ V ,, ,. i i;».. r 

When properly dried, put in jars and tie paper over them. 

Put cold water upon them and stew as other fruit for eating 

or pie-making, adding more sugar if desired. 

TIN-WARE— To Mend by the Heat of a Candle.— Take 
ft vial about two-thirds full of muriatic acid, and put into it 
little bits of sheet zinc, as long as it dissolves them ; then plit in a 
•ramli of s«l-aantouiao, and ill up with water, and it is ready to 

With tht eork <»f tht tiolvet thtfto* 








j^ith tho preparation ; then put a piece of sheet eine over 
bhe hole and hold a lighted candle or spirit lamp under the 
place, which melts the solder on the tin and causes the zinc 
to adhere without further trouble. Wet the zinc also with 
the solution. Or a little solder may be put on in place of 
the zinc, or with the zinc. ^ 

: WATER FILTER— Home-Made.— Rain water ii 
much liealthier than hard water as a beverage ; and the foj. 
lowing will be found an easy and cheap way to fit for drink- 
ing purposes : 

Have un ouk tub made, holding from half, to a barrel, accordinj; 
to the amount of water needed in the family ; let it stand on end 
with a faucet near the bottom : or, I prefer a hole through the 
bottom, near the front side, with a tube in it which prevents the 
water from rotting the outside of the tub ; then put clean pebbles 
3 or 4 inches in thickness over the bottom of the tub ; now have 
charcoal pulverized to the size of small peas (that made from hard 
maple is best) and put in half bushel or so at a time ; pound it 
down quite firmly, then put in more and pound again until the 
tub is filled to within 8 inches of the top ; and again put on 2 
inches more of pebbles ; then put a piece of clean white flannel 
over the whole top as a strainer. 

'■' The flannel can be washed occasionally, to remove the 
impurities collected from the water, and it might be well to 
put a flannel between the pebbles and flannel at the bottom 
also. When the charcoal becomes foul, it can be renewed 
as before, but will work a whole season without renewing, 
Put on your water freely until it becomes clear ; when you 
will be as well satisfied as you would be if it ran through a 
patent filter, costing six times as much as this. 

{ A large jar to hold the filtered water can be set in an ice- 
box if preferred ; or an occasional piece of ice can he put 
in tue water ; but if the filter is set in the cellar, as il 
should be, the water will be sufficiently cool for health. 
This makes a good cider filter, also, first straining the cider 
through cotton to free it from the coarsest pomace. 

TIRE —To Keep on the Wheel. — A correspondent of 
the Southern Planter says : '' I ironed a wagon some vears 
ago for my own use, and before putting on the ti 
the fellies with linseed oil ; and the tires have ,73 
were never loose. I ironed a buggy for my o.v 
yeans q^% and ih« tirag are now a« ti^t &d w 

■ -"I' ',3 






My method of filling the fellies with the oil is as tollows: 

I use a long, cast iron oil-heater, made for the purpose ; the oil 
Is brought to a boiling heat, the wheel is placed on a stick, so as 
to hang in the oil, each felly an hour, for a common-sized felly. 
The timber should be dry, as green timber will not take oil. 
Care should be taken that the oil be not made hotter than a boil- 
ing beat, in order that the timber be not burnt. Timber filled 
with oil is not susceptible to water, and is much more desirable.'^ 

I was amused some time ago when I told a hlacksmith 
how to keep tires tight on wheels, by his telling me it was 
a profitable business to tighten tires ; and the wagon maker 
will say it is profitable to him to make and repair wheels — 
but what* will the farmer, who supports the wheel-wright 
and the blacksmith say ? The greatest good to the greatest 
number, is my motto. ' - : r : ! ;; k;^ 

WEEDS— To Destroy in Walks.— The following 
method to destroy weeds is pursued at the. mint in Paris, 
with good effect : - *i ; 

Water 10 gals. ; stone lime 20 lbs. ; flour of sulphur 2 lbs. Boil 
ia an iron kettle ; after settling, the clear part is to be poured off 
and sprinkled freely upon the weedy walks. 

Care must be taken, for it will destroy weeds ; and as 
certainly destroy edging and border flowers, if sprinkled on 
them. ,r^';.-; ■',•■,. ,. , - 'M '.'■'■: 'u if '-'X-^"-':. 

CEMENTS — ^Cement for Caina, &o., wbrch Stands Fire and 
Water.— With a small camel's hair brush, rub the broken edges 
with a little carriage oil-varnish. 

If neatly put together, the frjwture will hardly be per- 
oeptible, and when thoroughly dry will stand both fire and 

2. Russian Cement. — Much is said about cements; but 
there is probably nothing so white and clear, and certainly 
Dothing better than the following : 

Russian isinglass dissolved in pure soft water, snow water ia 
best ; for it takes 12 hours to soften it by soaking in pure soft 
water, then considerable heat to dissolve it ; after which it is ap- 
plicable to statuary, china, glass, alabaster, &c., &c. ,, ^J l!,i^i 

Id dl oements tha pkn^es must be secured until dry. It 
is ea^ to reason th&t u twelve to fifteen hours are required 
to SQ^jf^ Uijs isinglass ihat no dish-washing will ever effeot 



It. You may judge from the price whetner you get the 

Russian, for thirty-seven cents per ounce, is as low as the 

5«nuine article can be purchased iii small quantities, whilst 

6ie common, bear a price of gnly from ten to twelve cents, 

ind even less. -^ *-'" 


3. Cement, Cheap and Valuable. — A durable cement is made 
by burning oyster shells and pulverizing the lime from them very 
ine ; then mixing it with white of egg to a thick paste, and 
ipplying it to the china or glass, and securing the pieces together 
antil dry. 

When it is dry, it takes a very long soaking for it to be- 
X)me soft again. I have lifted thirty pounds by the stem of 
% wine-glass which had been broken, and mended with this 
jement. Common lime will do, but it is not so good ; either 
should be fresh burned, and only mix what is needed, for 
ffhon once dry you cannot soften it. ,^ , ,, ^\ j 

■. 4. Cement — Water-Proof, for Cloth or Belting. — Take ale 
L pt. ; best Russia isinglass 2 ozs. ; put iiitm into a common glue 
kettle and boil until the isinglass is dissolved ; then add 4 ozs. of 
fche best common glue, and dissolve it with the other ; then slowly 
add H ozs. of boiled linseed-oil, stirring all the time while adding 
and until well mixed. When cold it will resemble India-rubber. 
When you wish to use this, dissolve what you need in a suitable 
quantity of ale to have the consistence -of thick glue. It is appli- 
cable for earthenware, china, glass, or leather ; for harness, bands 
for machinery ; cloth belts for cracker machines for bakers, &c., 
&c. If for leather, shave off as if for sewing, apply the cement 
»j. with a brush while hot, laying a weight to keep each joint firmly 
ssfor 6 to 10 hours, or over night. .., , , 

* This cement will supersede "Spaulding's Prepared Gliie," 
and all the white cements you can scare up, if you use 
good articles to make it of, — not less than thirty or forty 
cents a pound for common glue, and three shillings per 
ounce for the Russian isinglass ; but the expense of this will 
cause it only to be used yfhen dainpn93S is to be (^ontended 
with. '■■■''■ ■■ .-■■■''■' ^ i<. -,.-,•' .^^.■-. ^••Vr' ■ 

If you have not a glue kettle, take an oyster can and 
punch some holes through the top of it, putting in a string 
to suspend it on a stick in a common kettle of boiling water 
and keep it boiling in that way. -^^i^i'mmm'- 

J » 5. Cement, or Furniture Glue, for House Use — To mend ma^ 
l>4ile,wood>£lae8, china, and ornamental ware— tak« water Igal.: 



Mix by dissolving the glue in the water; remove from ' 

the fire and stir in the white lead, then add the whiskey, 

which keeps it fluid, except in the coldest weather. Warm 

and stir it up when applied. ^ 

White Cement.— Take white (fish) glue, 1 lb. 10 ozs. ; dry wldfe 
lead 6 ozs. ; soft water 3 pts. ; alcohol 1 pt. 

Dissolve the glue by putting into a tin kettle, or dish, 
containing the water, and set this dish into a kettle of water, 
to prevent the glue from being burned ; when the glue is 
all dissolved, put in the lead and stir and boil until all is 
thoroughly mixed; remove from the fire, and when cool 
enough to bottle, add the alcohol, and bottle while it is yet 
warm keeping it corked. This last recipe has been sold 
about the country for from twenty-five cents to five dollars, 
and one man gave a horse for it. 

7. German Cement. — Two measures of litharge, and one each of 
anslaked lime and flint glass ; each to be pulverized separately 
before mixing ; then to use it, wet it up with old drying-oU. 

The Germans use it for glass and china-ware only. Water 
hardens it instead of softening. ■ * : ' ^ ) :? ,j j 

8. ScRAP-BooK Paste or Cement. — A piece of common glue 2 
square inches ; dissolve it in water, adding as much pulverized 
rium in weight, as of the glue ; now mix flour ^ teaspoon in a 
little water ; stir it in and boil. When nearly cool stir in oil of 
lavender 2 teaspoons. 

This should make a pint of paste, which will keep a long 

tune if tightly covered when not in use. 

Cement — Preventing Leaks about Chimneys, &o, — ^Dry sand 1 
pt. ; anhes 2 pts. ; clay dried and pulverized 3 pts. ; all to be pul- 
verized and mixed into a paste with linseed oil. • i . . 

Apply it while soft, as desired, and when it becomes hard 
water will have no effect upon it. It may be used for walks 
and I think it would do well in cisterns, and on roofs, &o. 

MAGIC PA^ER— Used to Transfer Figures in Embroidery, 
OR Impressions op Leaves for Herbariums. — Take lard oil, or 
Bweet oil, mixed to the consistence of cream, with either of the 
following paints, the color of which is desired : Prussian blue, 
lamp-bla'ik, Venetian red or chrome green, either of which should 
be rubbed with a knife, on a plate or stone until smooth. Use 
rather thin, but firm paper ; put on with a sponge and wipe oflf as 
dry as convenient ; then lay them between uncolored paper, or 
between newspapers, and press by laying books or some other flat 
substance upon them. untU the surplus qU is absojrbed^ when it if 
wadyforuse, "^ j-'«(¥v,^..-'.^^. . ■' ""•'■■^■-;- f^- ^^'^^v^^^ .f^^^^m 't^^im-:^:: 




DB. OHiSE'S BS0IPX9. ■> 


Directions,— For taking off patterns of embroidery, 
place a piece of thin paper over the embroidery to prevent 
soiling ; then lay on the magic paper, and put on the cloth 
you wish to take the copy on, to embroider ; pin fast, and 
rub over with a spoon handle ; and every part of the raised 
figure will show upon the plain cloth. To take impressiona 
of leaves on paper, place the leavca between two sheets of 
this paper and rub over it hard, then take the leaf out and 
place it between two sheets of white paper ; rub again, and 
ou will have a beautiful impression of both sides of tlie 
eaf or flower. Persons travelling without pen or ink, can 
write with a sharp stick, placing a sheet of this paper ovet 
a sheet of white paper. 

RAT DESTROYERS— Rat Exterminator.— Flonr Slbe. ; water 
only sufiScient to make it into a thick paste : then dissolv^B phoa- 
phorus 1 oz., in butter 1 1-2 ozs., by heat. Mix. ' 

This you will leave, thickly spread on bread, where rats 
can get at it ; or make into balls, which is preferable, cov- 
ered or rolled with sugar. If it is desired to sell this article 
and you wish to color to hide its composition, work into it 
pulverized turmeric 2 ozs. Or 

' 2. Take warm water 1 qt. ; lard 3 lbs. ; phosphoras 1 oz. Mix, 
and thicken with flour. 

It is found best to make only in small quantities, as the 
phosphorus loses its power by exposure. Some will oh- 
ject to killing rats about the house ; but I had rather smcli 
their dead carcases than taste their tail prints, left on 
everything possible for them to get at, or suffer loss from 
their tooth prints on all thinf^s possible for them to devour 
or destroy. 

3. Death for the Old Sly Rat. — Some rats get so 

cunning that it is almost impossible to overcome theii 


Then get a few grains of strv^hnine, having a little fresh lean 
meat broiled ; cut it into small bits, by using a fork to hold it, 
for if held by the fingers, they will smell them and not eat it ; 
cutting with "a sharp peu-knife ; then cut a little hole into the 
bits, and put in a little of the strychnine, and close up the meat 
together again. ■■■^ v "• /;^ ^v<;;.> <.._ ; ■ v. ■■^f ^ -■■.'» '■-■ 

: , Put these on a plate where they frequent, but not neai 

thek holeS; laying a piece of po^ orer tiM seftt; wbeaj 



es, as the 
will ob- 

her smell 
left on 
OSS from 

o devour 

•ats get so 
>me theii 

fresh lean 
to hold it, 
lot eat it i 
le into tbe 
ip the meat 

; not neai 

these are eaten put more, for three or four daySj and you 
ire soon done with the wisest of them. 

i, Ratb— To Drive Away Altvb.— If yon chooBe to drive them 
•»way alive, ttJce potash pulverized, and put quite plenty of it into 
all their holes about the house. If the potash is pulverized and 
left to the air, it becomes pasty ; then it can be daubed on tho 
boards or planks, where they come through into rooms. 

They will sooner leave, than he obliged to have a con- 
tinual re-application of this " Doctor Stuff," every time they 
go through their holes. See " Potash, to Make." 

5. Scotch Bouff, or pulverized cayenne pepper, mixed together, 
or separate ; if freely put into their burrowing-holes, will certainly 
lend them off, at a sneezing pace. 

6. Rat Poison— From Sir Humphrey Davt.— A 
tasteless, odorless and infallfsble rat poison, he says, is made 
18 follows : 

*< Mix carbonate of baiytes, 2 ozs. ; with grease 1 lb.'* 
It produces great thirst, consequently water must be sel 
hy it, for death takes place immediately after drinking, not 
giving them time to go back to their holes. I obtained 
this A such a late day, that I have not had an opportunity of 
testing it. Be sure that no other animal can get at it,, 
except rats and mice, for it is a mott deadly poison. 
I Should this be found as effectual as recommended, it wiU 
I prove just the thing for rat-killing, as they can be gathered 
np and carried away, th,U9 avoiding the stench arising firom. 
I tiheir dead carcasses. 

FISH—Abt op CATcmNG.— Mix the juice of loveage or amellage 
I with any kind of bait, or a few drops of the oil of rhodium. In(Ua 
cockle, also ^Coculus Indicus), is sometimes mixed with flour 
I doQgh and sprmkled on the surface of still water. This intoxicates 
|i^e fish and makes them turn up, on top of the water. Mnllein 
lieed, palrerized, and used in place of the India cockle is about 
|eqaal to that article. 

They may be eaten vnthout fear, but this will destroy 
[many fish. Oil of rhodium is the best plan. 

" It is generally supposed," says Mr. B. I. Pell, " that 
sh are not possessed of the sense of smell. From the fol- 
lowing experiments I am convinced they are : I placed a 
Wk, well bated with an angle-worm, enticingly before a. 
6roh weighing one and a half pounda ; he did not take thf 

; I 

MRP III ^^r^^ 



least notice ot it. It was withdrawn, and a drop of rhodium 
brought in contact with it, when it was dropped very care- 
fully several feet behind him ; he immediately turned anc^ 
seized the ba'" This experiment was several times repeat- 
ed with like success. I find many varieties very sensitive 
to noise, and by numerous experiments am convinced that 
, tlieir sense of hearing is acute." 

?>TRAW A:aD chip HATS— To Varnish Black.— Best alcohol 
4 ozs.; pulverized black sealing-wax, 1 oz. ; puf. them into a vial, 
and put the vial iiito a warm place, stirring or shai.^.ing occasioQally, 
ViPiil the wax la dissolved ; apply it when warni, by means of i 
Bkju brush, before the fire or m the sun. 

It gives stiffness to old st^aw hats or bonnets, makes a 
beautiful gloss, and resists wet j if anything else is required, 
just apply it to Bmall baskets only, and see how Dicd|ly they 
will look. ^. 

2. Straw Bonnets— To Color a Bbautipdl Slate.— First soak 
the bonnet in rather strong warm suds for fifteen minutes ; this is 
. to remove siziag or stiflfening j then rinse in warm water, to get out 
the soap ; now scald cudbear 1 oz., in suflScient water to cover tiis 
hat or bonnet — work the bonnet in this dye at 180 degrees of heat, 
until you get a little purple ; now have a bucket of cold water 
blued with the extract of indigo, about | oz., and work or stir the 
bonnet in this, until the tint pleases. 

Dry, then rinse out with cold water and dry again, is 
the shade. If you get the purple too deep in shade, the 
final slate will be too dark. See " Extract of Indigo, or 

STUCCO PLASTERING—PoR Brick and C-ravel Houses-] 
First make up as much mortar as you need for ihe job with goou i 
common lime ; uising only f or four-ilfths, at mcs^. w much lime I 
as needed for common wor!i ; the other fourth or fifth is to Imj 
water-lime ; and not to be put in nnly as used. The sand musu ba j 
coarse, and free frora loism or dirt. 

To prepare the white and colored washes, run off common lima I 
enough with hot water, to make a white-wash v,o go over the whola 
Job. This white-wash is to be colored the tint desired for tha 
work. Be sure to make color-wash enough at one time, or yon 
will find it hard to net the shades alikrj ; saving a little of tba 
white-wash without <?oIor ; to pencil the Reams, and also for speck-l 
in^ as mentioned below. The colors used, are lamp-black, I 
Spanish-brown, or Venetian-red, as preferred, and these 8»l 
out or dissolved in whiskey ; then putting into iiie white-wash t)| 




When these wasneb are an prepared, wet up as much of the 
mortar aa cau be put on in twenty or forty minutes, and mix ip. 
the fourth or fifth of the cement, and put on as fast as possible: 
first wetting the wall very wet with water. Some cement will 
get in lO aud some in 40 to 60 minutes. When you see the time 
necessary for the kind you ar^ usins:, act accordingly, and only 
mix the cement into as much mortar as your help will put on 
before it sets ; beginning at the top of the wall with your scaffold- 
iug and working down, which prevents too much specking from 
the colors. Have a man to follow right after with a float, keeping 
the stticco very wet while floating down level and smooth ; and 
the longer it is floated and wet, thr better will be the job. Even 
after it is floated down well, keep a man wetting it with a brush 
antii you get the whole line on, around the house, as the water- 
lime must be kept quite wet for some considerable time, to set 
properly. Heed this caution, and if water never gets in behind 
tiie plastering from bad cornice or leaky voofe, it will never peel 
off. When this line of scaflbldlng is plastered, take out enough 
of the color-wash, running it through a seive, and go over the 
plastering ; lamp-black alone gives it a bluish slate color ; if a 
little of the brown is added with the black, it will be a little 
reddish, and if the red is used without the brown, it will be quite 
red. I prefer suflBicierft of the black only to make a gray stone 
color. A brown, however, looks exceedingly well.* If you 
choose, you can make one-half of the color-wash darker than 
the other— having laid it off into blocks resembling stone, by 
means of a straight-edge, and piece of board about half an Inch 
thick, paint every other block with the darker wash to represent 
different shades of stone. Some of our ' est buildings are done 
m this way, and look well. 

Then to give it a granite appearance, take a small pafait biush 
and dip it into the white-wash, saved lor tb's purpose \ strike it 
across a hammer handle, so as to throw tbo specks from the brush 
npoD the wall, then the same with black and red. Pencil the 
Beams with the white-wash, which gives it the cppear&uce of mor- 
tar, as in real stone-work. 

Now you are ready to move down the scaffold, and go 
over the ^amo thing as before. Aft<er the colors have been 
dissolved with ypirits, they can be reduced with water, at 
what is better for them and the color-wash also, is skimmed 
milk ; and where milk is plenty, it ought to be used in pl|us9 
I of water, for white-wash or color-washes, as it helps to resist 
[the weather, and prevents the colors from fading — see 
"Paint, to Make without Lead or Oil," which gives you 
the philosophy of using milk. Speck ((uite freely with the 
white, then about half as much with the blaek, and tuen 
i»tk«r froe ^un with the red. Th« pxopoftion of liiao 



probabi/, sboold not exceed one, to six or seven of gand. 
Our University buildings, represented in the frontispiece 
except the Laboratory, and Law-building, which have been 
^ore recently put up, are finished with it, and also whok 
blocks in the business part of our city. 

; Prof. Douglass' house is probably the prettiest color of 
any in the city — an imitation of " Free-stone," made with 
lamp-black, yellow ochre, and a larger proportion of Spanish 
brown. But al- will have a preference for some special color* 
then, with a little ingenuity and patience, nearly any colored 
fitone can be imitated. 

GRAVEL HOUSES— To Make—Prepabations oi 
Lime, Sand, and Geavel. — It has become quite common 
to put up grave? houses ; and many persons are at a great 
loss to know what proportions of materials to use. Y^^'^^^s 
proportions have been proposed ; but from the fact t^iat 'N 
philosophy was not explained, no real light was givi? ri, 
the subject. 

All that is required to know, is, that sand and lime are to be 
used in proportion to the size of the gravel— say for 15 bushels 
of clean gravel, from the size of peas up to that of hen's eggs, 
it ^11 take about 3 bushels of clean sharp sand and 1 o^ lime to 
fill the crevices \v4tiiout swelling the bulk of the gravel. If the 
l^ravel is coarse, up to 5 bushels of sand may be required, bnt 
ttkQ lime will not need to be increased but very little, if anr. 
Then the philosophy of the thing is this—about 1 to 1\ bushels 
lime to 15 biishels of gravel, and just sand enough to fiU tiif 
crevices without increaBing the bulk as above mentioned. 

If the gravel is free of dirt, the sand also clean, and the 
weather dry, tho walls can be raised one foot each day, if 
you have help to do that amount of labor. 

Some prefer to make the gravel and sand into mortar and 
press it into bricks ; then lay into walls, but the wall must 
be stronger if laid up solid, in board frames, made to raise 
up as required. 

Many persons argue for the eight-square or octagon hoase, 
but I like the square form much the best, carrying up the 
hall and main partition walls of the same material. The 
eight-square house looks like an old fort, or water tank, and 
is very expensive to finish ; costing much more than the ^| 
0ame room with square angles, for mechanioB cannot pvt 
up cornice outside, or in, in less than double the tuaoi» 
^Tiifed for making the uommon squarf» miliroe 


mad ' ( 
A delici 
in make 
a color 
ments o 




Prof. ^Vinchell, of the University, and State (Joologisfc, 
in this city, has put up one of the octagons which looks 
well, however, for the style of finish is what attracts atten- 
tion, instead of the style of form. 

LiANT Stucco Whitewash — Will Last on Brick or 
Stone, Twenty to Thirty Years. — Many have heard 
of the hrilliant stucco whitewash on the east end of the, 
President's house at Washington. The following is a recipe 
for it, as gleaned from the National Intelligencer j with somj 
additional improvements learned by experiments : ; ^ ^ j 

Nice imslacked lime ^ bushel; slack it with boiling water; 
cover i«: during the process, to keep in the steam. Strain the 
liqaid through a fine sieve or strainer, and add to it, salt 1 peck ; 
previously well dissolved in water ; r-iice 3 lbs. — ^boiled to a thin 
paste, and stirred^ in boiling hot ; Spanish whiting i lb. ; clean 
nice glue 1 lb., which has been previously dissolved by soaking 
it well, and then hanging it over a slow fire, in a small kettle, 
immersed in a larger one filled with water. Now add hot water 
5 gals., to the mixture, stir it well, and let it stand a few days 
covered from the dirt. 

It should be put on hot. For this purpose it can be 
kept in a kettle on a portable furnace. Brushes more or 
less small may be used, according to the neatness of job re- 
quired. It answers as well as oil paint for brick or stone, and 
is much cheaper. -* :??:;....... ;t \ 

There L one house in our '^'ty which had this applied 
twc^' 5 years ago, and is yet nice and bright. It has re- 
* Tiftd 'ta brilliancy over thirty years. 

. > )/ug matter, dissolved in whiskey, may be put in and 
maa ( . any shade you like; Spanish brown stirred in will 
make reu-pink, more or less deep, according to quantity. 
A delicate tinge of this is very pretty for inside walls. 
Finely pulverized common clay, well mixed with Spanish 
brown, makes reddish stone color. Yellow ochre stirred 
in makes yellow wash, but chrome goes further, and makes 
a color generally esteemed prettier. In all these cases the 
?v>; Jarkness of the shade, of course, is determined by the 
^ aaDtiiy of thb coloring used. It is difficult to make rules, 
because tastes are different — it would be best to try experi- 
jiaents on a shingle and let it dry. Green must not be mix- 
jed with lime. The lime destroys the color, and the color 





has an effect on the \vhitewash, which makes it crack a&d 
peel. When inside walls have been badly smoked, and you 
wish to make them a clean, clear white, it is well to squeeze 
indigo plentifully through a bag into the water you use, be- 
fore it is stirred into the whole mixture, or blue vitriol pul- 
verized and dissolved in boiling water and put into white- 
wash, gives a beautiful blue tint. If a larger quantity than 
five gallons be wanted, the same proportion should be ob- 

2. Whitewash— Vert Nice for Rooms.— Take whiting 4 
lbs. ; white or common glue 2 ozs. ; stand the glue in cold water 
over night ; mix the whiting with cold water, and heat the glae 
until dissolved ; and pour it into the other hot. Make of a proper 
consistence ^^nply with a common whitewash brush. 

Use these ^. jrtions for a greater or less amoanjt. In 
England scared^ any other kind of whitewash is used. 

A lady, of Black Eiver Falls, Wis., who had one of my 
books, Trrote to me, expressing her thankfulness for the 
beauty of (this whitewash. ^ 

3. Paint. — To Make without Lead or Oil.— Whiting 6 lbs. ; 
Bkinuned milk 2 qts. ; fresh slaked lime 2 ozs. Put the lime 
into a stoneware vessel, pour upon it a sufficient quantity of 
the milk to make a mixture resembling cream ; the balance of 
the milk is then to be added ; and, lastly, the whiting is to be 
crumbled upon the surface of the fluid, in which it gradually sinks. 
At this period it must be well stirred in, or ground as you would 
other paint, and it is fit for use. 

There may be added any coloring matter that suits the 
fancy (see the first whitewash for mixing colors), to be ap- 
plied in the same manner as other paints, and in a few 
'hours it will become perfectly dry. Another coat may then 
be added, and so on unti| the work is done. Tliis paint i 
of great tenacity, bears rubbing with a coarse cloth, hajJ 
little smell, even when wet, and when dry is inodoious, 
The above quantity is sufficient for fifty-seven yards. — An- 
napoUs Republican, 

*^ We endorse the recipe. The casein or curd of the 
milk, by the action of the caustic-lime, becomes insoluble, 
and has been used for time immemorial, as a lute for chem- 
ical experiments. It is good, and, in comparison mih 
white lead, a durable paint." — Moore^s Rural New Yorker, 

Most of the cheap paints will require about three «•»(& 




White lead always requires two, but some people tliink be- 
cause they get a cheap paint that one coat ought to make a 
good job. Two will generally do with any except white. 

4. White Paint — A New Wat op Manupaoturino. 
^The following was communicated by a man who was for- 
merly a carpenter in the U. S. Navy. ;^>v ij _ 

" During a cruise in the South Pacific, we went into the 
harbor of Coquimbo ; and as the ship had been out a long 
time, she was covered with rust from stem to stern. It 
was the anxious wibh of the commander that she should be 
restored to her original colors ; but on examining the store- 
room, it was ascertained that there was not a pound of white 
lead in the ship. In this emergency I bethought me of an 
expedient which concocted an admirable substitute, com- 
posed of the following ingredients : — 

"Air-slaked lime, pulverized until it was of the fineness of 
flour, which was then passed through » ^eive. Rice boiled in a 
large kettle until the substance was drawn entirely out of the 
grain : the water, then of a plastic nature, was strained to sepa- 
rate the grain, &c., from the clear liquid. A tub about the size 
of a half barrel, of the prepared lime and rice water, was mixed - 
with 1 gallon of linseed oil ; and the material had so much the 
appearance of paint that a novice could not have told the differ- 

'' The ship was painted outside and inboard with the 
above mixture (which cost next to nothing), and never pre- 
sented a finer white streak on her bends, or cleaner bulwarks 
and berth deck than on that occasion, and no other kind of 
white paint was used during the remainder of the cruise." 

If this is good for ships out and inboard, it is worth try- 
ing for fences and out-work requring a cheap white paint. 

6. Black and Green Paint— Durable and Cheap, for Odt-Door 
i jWoRK.— Any quantity of charcoal, powdered j a suflScient quan- 
tity of litharage as a dryer, to be well levigated (rubbed smooth), 
with linseed oil ; and, when used, to be thinned with well boiled 
linseed oil. The above forms a good black paint. 

By adding yellow ochre, an excellent green is produced, which 
is preferable to the bright green used by painters, for all gardea 
work, as it does not fade witii the sun. 

This composition was first used by Dr. Parry, of Bath, ' 

I on some spouts ; which, on being examined, fourteen years 

afterwards; were found to bo as perfect ftS when first put. 






% > 






6. Milk Paint for Barns— Ant Color.—" Mix water Ume with 
skim iiillk, to a proper consistence to apply with a brash, and it 
is t&aAj to use. It will adhere well to wood, whether smooth or 
rough, to brick, mortar or stone, where oil has not been used (in 
which case ic cleaves to some extent), and forms a very hard sub« 
stance, as durable as the best oil paint. It is too cheap to estimate, 
and any- one can put it on who can use a brush.-*'— Country Qen- 
Ueman, ■ .•■; :■"" .-' 7''' '. :' \;'*;v ■> ■'^ ■■-*'" ■ 

ni Any color may be given to it, by using colors of tlie 
tinge di sired, dissolving in whiskey first, then adding in to 

; Jiuit the /ancy, as in the first recipe. 

' If a red is preferred, mix Venetian-red with milk, not 
using any lime. It looks well for fifteen years. 

have a good glue always ready for use, just p-it a bottle two-thirda 
fdU of best common glue, and fill up the bottle with common 
whiskey ; cork it up, and set by for three or four days, aad it irill j 
dissolve without the application of heat. \ 

_ t 

It will keep for years, and is always ready to use without 
heat, except in very cold weather, when it may need to be { 
set a little while in a warm place, before using. 

2. Ijiitation op Spauldino's Glue.— First, soak in cold water, 
all the glue you wish to make at one time, using only glass, I 
earthen, or porcelain dishes ; then by gentle heat dfssolve tEi« 
glue in the same water, and pour in a little nitric aoid, sufficient 
to give the glue a sour taste, like vinegar, or from ^ oz. to loz.| 
to each pound of glue. 

ThQ acid keeps it in a liquilit state, and prevents it from I 
spoiling; as nice as Spaulding's or any other, for a veiy 
trifling expense. If iron dishes are used, the aoid conodefj 
them and turn^ the glue black. Or : 

''' 8. Acetic acid 1 oz., pure soft water 6 ozs.: glue 3 ozs.; gnal 
tragacanth 1 oz. Mix^ and if not as thick as dpaured^ add a littli| 
moreglue^ > # ; y-^i^- 

This keep3 in a liquid state, does not decompose; and if | 
valuable for druggists in labeling ; also for house use ; 
if furniture men were not prejudiced, they would findii] 
valuable in the shop. «^;:- x%t-j\ : ^ ;; :; ^ 

. , 4. Water-Proof Glue— la made by first soaking the glue in col 
water, fbr an hour or two, or until it becomes a little soft, yjj 
retaining its original form; then taking it, from the watev,ajl 
djWQllJDjLM. by gg^^i© %t, igr^g^in a^UtU©,>9Ued ""' 


vjBCE^LAi^6v& Biiifiininr. 




if manogany veneers were put oii with tnia gitie, tney 
would not fall off, as they now do, by the action of the at- 

.i»;iOt. : 

FIRE KINDLERS.- To make very nice fire kindlers, take rosin, 
any quantity, and melt it, putting in for each pound being used, 
from 2 to 3 ozs. of tallow, and when all is hot, stir in pine saw-dust 
to make very thick ; and, while yet hot, spread it out about 1 inch 
ick upon boards which have fine saw-dust sprinkled upon them 
to prevent it from sticking. When cold, break up into lumps about 
1 inch square. But if for sale take a thin board and press upon 
^, it, while yet warm, to lay it off into 1 inch squares ; this makes it 
j break regularly, if you press the crease sufficiently deep, grease 
I ie marking-board to prevent it from sticking. 

One of these blocks will easily ignite with a match, and 

I bam with a strong blaze long enough to kindle any wood 
fit to burn. The above sells readily in all our large towns 
land cities, at a great profit, v 

2. Most of the published recipes call for rosin 3 lbs. ; tar 

II qt. ; and 1 gill of turpentine ; but they make a black, 
sticky mess of stuff, which always keeps the hands daubed. 
On the other hand, this makes a rosin-colored kindler^ 

Iwhich breaks nicely also when cold ; and they are decidedly 
la nice thing ; and much more certain to start a fire than 
jBhavings. If the tar plan is used, 1 pt. is enough for 5 lbs. 
of rosin. 


STARCH POLISH.— .White-wax 1 oz, j spermaceti 2 ozflV J tMi " 
hem together witk a gentle heat. 

When you have prepared a sufficient amount of starch, itf ' 
ithe usual way, for a dozen pieces — put into it a piece of the 
polish the size of a large pea ; more or less, according to large 
Dr small washings. Or, thick gum solution (made by 
"waring boiling water upon gum arable), one table-spoon to 
ipint of starch, gives clothes a beautiful gloss. 

ate of potash } lb. ; glue 3 lbs. ; white lead, dry, 6 lbs. ; red lead 
lb. ; ijhosphorus 2| lbs. Directions.— First put the chlorate 
ttto a dish made for the purpose, deep and of a suitable size to 
et into a kettle of water, which can be kept on the fire for two or 
tree days, having 2 qts. of water on the chlorate : then put the glue 
p top of the chlorate water, and let soak until all Ls perfectly 
usolyed ; then add the leads and heat up quite hot, and tho- 
pugUy mix ; let cool and add the phosphorus ; let it dissolve, and 
^ Wtol never to heat hot after the phosphorus £9 added ; stir 



occasionally while dipping, and if little particles of pbospboniB 
fires push them down into the mixture, or put on warm water ; if you 
put on cold water it will fly all over you. Keep it rather thin 
after the phosphorus is put in, and there will be no danger ; 
although the chlorate of potash is considered a dangerous articlft 
to work with ; so is powder, ;^et when you know how to work with 
them, you can do as safely with one as the other. When dry give 
them a coat of varnish. 

I have been acquainted with a man for about fourteen 
years who makes them, and several others for a less time, 
without trouble or accident. A better match was never 
made to stand dampness, or bear transportation without set- 
ting on fire. I have used and sold them much of the time 
and speak from knowledge. One explosion has since taken 
place. .,;;:.,-■;-:;•:;:.,:" " .vr. :' ..; .: ;/T'I ■;•• 

The plan pursued here in preparing the splints is as fol* 
lows : Sawed pine timber from four to eight inches each 
way, is cut off the right length for the match, then one end 
of it is shaved smooth, with a drawing-knife ; the block is 
held upon the horse by a brace from the top of the horses' 
head against the back side of the block, so as to be out of 
the way of the knife instead of putting the block under the 
jaws of the horses' head, as the dents made in the end of 
match timber would not answer ; the front edge comes 
against a strip put on for that purpose ; then glue the other 
end and put on brown paper, which holds them together 
when split; machines are used to split with which feeds up 
the block enough each time the knife is raised, to make the 
eize of the match when split the other way, or about ten to 
the inch. These machines cost about fifty dollars, and the 
work goes ahead like a young saw-mill, by simply turning 
a crank. 

There are two standards bolted upon a base plank, four 
feet in length ; these standards support a shaft, with crank 
and balance wheel, which is two feet in diameter; the 
shaft has upon it an oval wheel, which sinks the knife, 
twioe in each revolution, the knife passing down through 
a space in a thin iron strip, standing out from the two 
blocks, under which the match block passes by the 
drawing of the chain seen to pass over a small drum, 
upon the shaft of the rag wheel, the notches being only 
one-fourth inch apart, md fed up by the hand, attached to 

* I 


i, ■■ 


the Iron frame being kept back to the cam wheel, which 
has two swells upon it^ bj a light spring. 

/ t 

,-'< i ■■ ;* 

The hand is kept down into the cogs or notches, by the 
little spiral wire spring ; the match-block to be split, sete 
in the frame forward of the block, which has a pin in it to 
draw back the frame. 


When the block^of matches is split, this frame goes for- 
ward to. touch a catch, the same as a saw-mill, which lets 
another spring raise the hand, when the feeding operation 
ceases. The frame is then drawn back and the samo re- 

J .' 

As the match is split they open and require a rounding 
mortice made through the base plank between the blocks, 
which allows them to remain in a half circular form — the 
knife is raised by a line attached to a spring pole, the knife 
is screwed upon a piece of cast-iron which works in the 
guide, having the back end ^rmly twisted by a bolt through 
one of the standards. This knife stands at right angles with 
the shaft. ^?^<y • 


' •''.■s-v-'*--'- 

When the matches are split and sufficiently dry to work 
upon, they are dipped in melted brimstone, kept hot, and 
tfie match also kept hot on a sheet iron stove, and all the 
brimstone is thrown off which can possibly be by jerking 
the block with the hand. 

■^^i> > .:■• f 

If any brimstone remains upon the end it must be 
Bcraped off before dipping into the match composition. 
Without the chlorate, the composition makes a &:8t-clasi 







" Friction Match." It ought to be known, however, that 
the match business is an unhealthy occupation^ from the 
poisonous effects of the phosphorous. 

STEAM BOILERS.— To Prevent Limb Deposits.— Put Into I 
yoi^r cistern or tank, from which the boiler is fed, a 8u£9cieiit 
amount of oak tan-bark, in the piece, to color the water rather dark * 
run 4 weeks and renew. ' 

This plan has been much used in the lime-stone sectioDj 
of Washington, 0., giving general satisfaction. 

2. Omo Rfter Plan.— Sprouts from barley, in malting, awl 
recommended by Captain Lumm, part owner of a steamboat, and 
engineer on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, to prevent the de^ 
posit of lime upon boilers, and he says tightens up old leal 
boilers, also. It may be used in quantities of from 3 pts. to 2 or 
3 qts., according to the size of boilers. l 

When it is put ia you must know the quantity of water j 
in the boiler, K)r unless you heat up quite slow it cau^s a j 
foaming of the water, and might deceive the engineer about 
the .amount of water in the boiler, but if heated up slow | 
there is no danger of this deception. 

3. To Peevent Explosion, with the Reason wht I 
THEY Explode. — At a recent meeting of the Association | 
for the advancement of science, Mr. Hyatt, of New York, 
prevented what we believe to be the true cause. He pre- 1 
sented the following table, showing the rapidity with whidi | 
preissure is doubled by only a slight increase of heat. 

At 212 degrees of heat water begins to boil ; at 868 degrees iroo I 
becomes of a red heat 

212 degrees of heat. 15 pounds to sqnare inch. 
• ^ 251 " « 30 " " " 

'? * 294 " « 60 " " / «« 

^^ 842 *' « 120 « «* ' ** 

398 " « 240 « ' ^^ . I* 

;.-r; ,? 464 " " 480 " ; /f, ,. ,n 

868 " « 7680 « « « 

It was stated [hy Mr. Hyatt, that, &om experiments he hai 
made, this great increase of pressure could be obtained in bIx to 
eeven minutes, with an engine at rest. This rapid doubling of 
pressure, with but a small increase of heat, is due to the con7e^ 
Bion of what is termed latent heat, in steam into sensible hsat. 
If we immerse a thermometer into boiliog water, it stands at 
- 212 J if we place it in steam immediately above the water, it 
indicates the same temperature. The question then arises, wliat 
iwei of all the heat whicli is commanicated to the w»t«f| 


lince it !s neither indicated by the water nor by the steam formed 
from it ? The answer is, it enters the water and conrerts it into 
(team without raising its temperatnro. One thousand degrees of 
beat are absorbed in the conversion of water into steam, and iUs 
is called its latent heat. And it is the sudden conversion of latent 
beat into sensible heat that preduoes the explosion. If an engino 
is stopped, evea if there is but a moderate fire, if ths escape valve 
is closed, there is rapid absorption or accumulation of latent beat. 
IThe pressure rises with great rapidity, and when the engineer 
thinks everything is safe, the explosion comes. 

That this is the true cause of nearly all the ozploeions 
ihat occur, will be plain to every one who will look at the 
relations between latent and sensible heat. Prof. Henrv 
and Prof. Silliman, Jr., endorse the view. What, then, is 
ihe security against explosions ? We know of no secaritiefl 
tot these — a sufficiency of water in the boilers, awd the 
escape valves open at light pressure, when the engine is at 
rest. — Springfield Republican. 

There is no question about the foregoing explanatioriir 
l)eing founded in true philosophy ; and if engineers will bo 
governed by them, instead of by a desire to hold on to steam 
for the purpose of getting ahead or of keeping ahead, as 
the case may be, of some other boat ; or on land, to save* 
the expense of fuel, not one explosiop would take plaoe 
iheie now there is at least a hundred • • ' itm Sv4 

Awful will be the reckoning with these murderers ; f<Jt in 
Heaven's sight they are one and the same. ! : ' 1 : 

A series oi experiments have recently been concluded on 
the U. S. Steamer Michigan, and a full but voluminous re^ 
port laid before the Navy Department, upon the subject of 
steam expansion. It would pay all interested in steam works 
to obtain and read it. 

PLUMS AND OTHER "FRUIT— To Prevent Insects from 
^BnNOiNO.— Take new dry lime. Sulphur and gunpowder, equal 
parts, pulverized very fine, and throw it amongst the flowers when: 
la full bloom ; use it freely, so that all may catch a little. 

This has been tried with success. Working upon the 
principle of pepper, to keep flies from meat. The injury 
to fruit being done while in blossom. 

BED-ROOM CARPETS— For Twelve and a Half Gents PBie 
Tard.— -Sew together the cheapest cotton cloth, the size of the 
voom, and tack the edges to the floor. Now paper the cloth as 
you would the sides of a room;^ with cheap rooniapaper y ipfct 



tbg A border aronnd the edge if desired. Tlie paste will be the 
better if a little gum arable is mixed with it. When thoroughly 
dry, give it two coata of fumiture or carriage Tarnish, and when 
dry it is done. 

It can be Trashed ; and looks well in proportion to the 
quality and figure of the paper used. It could not be ex- 
pected to stand the weaif of a kitchen, for any length of 
time, but for bed-rooms it is well adapted. 

COFFEE— More Healthy and Better Flavored, for One- 
Fourth THE Expense of Common. — Coflfee, by weight or measure, 
one-fourth, rye three-fourths. , ,. ' 

Look them over separately, to remove bad grains ; then 
wash to remove dust, draining off the water for a moment 
as you take it with the hands from the washing^ water, 
putting directly into the browning skillet, carefully stirring 
all the time, to brown it evenly. Brown each one sepa- 
rately J then mix evenly, and grind only as used ; settling 
with a beatened egg, seasoning with a little cream and sr t 
as usual. 

And I do sincerely say the flavor is better, and it L vuo 
hundred per cent, more healthy than all coffee. 

You may try barley, peas, parsnips, dandelion roots, &c., 
but none of their flavors are equal to rye. Yet all of them 
arc more or less used for coffee. - « 

Best vinegar 1 gallon ; sugar 4 lbs. ; apples all it will cover 
handsomely; cinnamon and cloves, ground, of each 1 table- 

Pare and core the apples, tying up the cinnamon &nd 
cloves in a cloth and putting with the apples, into the vine- 
gar and sugar and cooking until done, only. Keep in jars. 
They are nicer than preserves and more healthy, and keep 
a long tim' j not being too sour, nor too sweet, but an agree- 
able mixture of the two. It will be seen below that the 
different fruits require different quantities of sug;ar and 
vinegar, the reason for it is, the difference in the frait. 

2. Pickling Peaches. — Best vinegar 1 qt. 5 sugar 4 lbs. ; peaches 
peeled and stoned, 8 lbs. ; spices as desired, or as for apples. 

. Treated every other way as apples. If they should begin 

to ferment, at any time, simply boil down the juice ^ then 

t)oil the peaches in it for a few minutes only. 




3. Pbaohes — To Peel. — In peeling small peached with 
I knife, too much of the peach is wasted; hut by having a 
fire-cage, similar to those made for popping corn ; fill the 
cage with peaches, and dip it into boiling water, for a mo- 
ment, then into cold water for a moment, and empty out ; 
going on in the same way for all you wish to peel. This 
toughens the skin and enables you to strip it o£f, saving 
much in labor, as also the waste of peach. Why not, lui 
fell as tomatoes ? 

4 PicKijNO Plums.— Best vinegar 1 pt. ; sugar 4 lbs. j plums 8 
lbs. ; spices to taste. 

'3oil them in the mixture until soft ; then take out the 
plums, and boil the syrup until quite thick and pour it over 
them again; . ; 'I • . > i : ^: ' , ;> »;j' ■? 

6. PicKLiNO Cucumbers. — Pick each morning ; stand in weak 
brine 3 or 4 days, putting in mustard pods and horse raddish leaves 
to keep them green. Then take out and drain, covering with 
yinegar for a week ; at which time take out ar drain again, 
putting into new vinegar, adding mustard seed, ginger root, 
cloves, pepper and red pepper pods, of each about 1 or 2 ozs. ; or to 
luit diflferent ta'fites, for each barrel. 

The pickles will be nice and brittle, and pass muster at 
any man's table, or market. And if it wis generally known 
that the greenness of pickles was caus(^d by the action of 
the vinegar on the copper kettle, producing a poison (ver- 
digris), in which they are directed to be scalded, I think 
no one would wish to have a nice looking pickle at the ez' 
pense of health ; if they do, they can continue the bad prac- 
tice of thus scalding, if not, just put your vinegar on cold, 
I and add your red peppers, or cayennes, cloves, and other 
I Bpices, as desired ; but the vinegar must be changed once, 
as the large amount of water in the cucumber reduces the 
I Tinegar so much that this change is absolutely necessary ; 
and if they should seem to lose their sharp taste again, just 
I add a little molasses, or spirit, and all will be right.: -i J. a /l 

SANDSTONE— To Prevent Scallno by Frost.— Eaw linseed- 
loll, 2 or 3 coats. --^^Ixmii 

Apply in place of paint, not allowing the fif st cdat to get 

[entirely dry until the next is applied ; if it does, a skin is 

ifurmed which prevents the next from penetrating the 

jBtone. Poorly burned brick will be equally well preserved 

|l)y the same procefw. . 

'i I 




^ ^^HTG ^AX— Bed, Black, ind rTi7E.-^Gtu& «M1«o^8 ok. • 
Venice toiventine 4 ozs. ; Tennillion 2 1-2 czs. ; alcohol 2 ozs..; 
(UMoaphor gum 1-2 oz. Dissolve the camphor ia the rflcohol, then 
the shellac, adding the turpentine, and finally the yermillion, he* 
ing very careful that no blaze shall come in contact vriih its fiimes ; 
for if it does, it will fire very quickly. 

BLDE.--'-Sab8titute fine Prussian-blue for tlie venniUion, same 

SxAOc.— Lamp-black cnly suificie&t to color. Either color must 
be well rubbed into the mixture. a ,> ^ ^^ 

JlDVIQE — J^o YocNG Mbn and others out op Em- 
PLOYMBNT. — Advice — How few there are who will hear 
advioR at all; not because it is :idvice but from the fiict 
tint those who attempt to give it (rre not qualified for the 
work they assume, or that they endeavor to thrust , it upoo 
their notice at an inopportune time ; or upon persons over 
whom no control is acceded, if claimed. But a book or 
paper never give ofiFence from any of these causes ^ thsrfr 
fore, they are always welcomed with a hope that real benefit 
ma;) be derived from their suggestions. Whether that end 
will be attained in this case, I leave to the judgment of 
those for whom it is intended ; hoping they .nay find them- 
selves PT^imciently interested to give it a careful perusal, and 
eandia consideration. And although my remarks mist, in 
this woric, be necessarily short, yet every sentence shall be 
a text for your own thoughts to contemplate and enlarge 
upon ; and perhaps, in some future addition of the work, I 
may take room and time io give the subject that attention 
whioh is reaRy its due : &ad which would be a pleasure to 
devote to its consideration. 

^irst, then. Jet me a:!: "'hy are so many young men and 
other persons oat of employment ? The answer is very posi- 
tive ASf:well as very plain. It is this — indolence, coupled with 
a deteimination that they will do some great thing, on!;. 
And because that great thing does not turn up without effort, 
they are dmsg nothing. The point of di&oulty is simply 
this : they look for. the end, before the beginning. But 
^t «6n8ider how few there are that really accomplish any 
great thing, even with a whole life of industry and econonii- 
cal peniever^ce. And yet most of our youth calculate that 
i^eir beginning shall be amongst the greats. But as uo one 
oome0 to pffer them their expectations, indoleope says wailj 


MTflfffffiti^ffljbift tiijpjisiti^tissn. 


ifi^<5t1)6y^reiHll waiting. Kow mlna ydti, ltd i6ng fun 
/our expectations are placed upon a chance offer of some- 
Mng very remunerative, or upon the assistance of others ; 
)ven in a small way, 8o long will you continue to wait in 
min. ^.t this point, then, the question would arise, what 
tan be done ? and the answer is equally plain with the oUier, 
Fake hold of the first job you can find, for it will not find 
m\. No matter how insignificant it may be, it will be bet^ 
icr than longer idleness; and when you are seen doing 
jomethiftg for yourself, \ij those whose opinions are worth 
my consideration, they will soon offer you more and better 
jobs ; until, finally, you will find something which agrees 
vith your taste or inclination for a life business., ButrC' 
nember that the idle never have good oituations offered 
Ihem. It is the industrious and persevering only who are 
Deeded to adsist in life's great struggle. 

There are a few lines of poetry called " The Excellent 
Man," which advocates the principles I am endeavouring to 
acvance, so admirably, that I cannot deny myself the plea- 
Btre of quoting them. The old proverb, *- God helps t&ose 
wio help themselves," is as true as it is old, and after all 
tlat is said and done, in this country, if in no other, a man 
mist depend on his own exertions, not on patronage) if ho 
w«ald have or deserve success : 

i< Th^ gave me adyiod and oomiEMl in store, 
Praised me and honored me more and more ; 
Said that I only should ' wait awhile,' 
Offered their patronage, too, with a 8mU«. { 

" Bnt with all their honor and approbation, ' 
I should long ago have died of starvation, . 
Had there not come an bzcxllent man. 
Who, bravely to help me along began. ^ -. 

: ■,; v . 

** Good follow! he got me the food T ate, 

Ek kindness and otre I shall never foi^t ; : l 

Yet I cannot embrace him— though othor folSB OftO, 
For I, uxesuf^ am this excellent man I " 

U.U Im'.UM 



Up then, and at it, for there is 

•■' t-,>,-ic-' 


Knitting and sewing, and reaping and mowing; 

And all kinds of work for the people to do, 
To keep themselves busy, both Abram and Lizzio ; 

Begin then, ye idle, there is plenty for yon. 

When you have found a situation or a job of work, prOTO 
I yourself honest, industrious, peiSdveiifig, and faithful itt 




•■V '^'v 

oyery tmst) an^ no fears need be apprehended of your final 
success. Save a part of your wages as a sinking fund, oy 
rather as a floating fund, which shall keep your head abovQ 
water in a storm ; or to enable you, at no distant day, tg 
commence a business of your own. n; t V^k v ff /^jii^ | 

A poor orphan boy, of fourteen, once resolvea 'to sav^ 
half of his wages, which were only four dollars per month] 
for this purpose; and actually refused, even in sickness) 
although really suffering for comforts, to touch this businesj 
fund. He was afterwards the richest man in St. Louis. 
' His advice to young men was always this : " Go to work 
save half your wages, no matter how small they may be 
until you have what will enable you to begin what yoi; 
wish to follow ; then begin it, stick to it ; be ecoi^onlical 
prudent, and careful, and you cannot fail to prospeA" j 

My advice is the same, with this qualijfication, however,; 
that in choosing your occupation, you should be governed 
by the eternal principles of right I never choosing that 
which when done, injures a fellow creature more than it c^a 
possibly benefit yourself —I mean the liquor trafl&c. B^t 
with the feeling of St. Paul, when he saw the necessity of 
doing something diff'erent from what he had been doing, be 
eried out, " Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" Ask 
your own tastes, being governed by conscience, under tie 
foregoing principles ; knowing that if a person has to learn 
a trade or business against his own inclination, it requires 
double diligence to make only half speed, and hardly ever 
meeting with success. 

The question t^ be settled, then, is this : Shall I work 
the soil ; shall I be a mechanic, teacher, divine, physician, 
lawyer, merchant, druggist, or grocer, or shall it be some- 
thing else? Whenever you make up your mind what it 
shall be, make it up, also, to be the best one in that line of 
business. Set your mark high, both in point of moral 
purity and literary qualifications. 

If you choose any of the occupations of trade, you must 
save all that it is possible for economy and prudence to do, 
for your beginning. 

But if you choose one of the learned professions, you 
must work with the same care and prudence until you have 
aooumulated sufficient to make a fair commencement in youi 

i -i: 



studies; then prosecute them in ail fi^"^ fulness as far as 
the accumulated means will advance you ; realizing that 
this increase of knowledge will give you increased power in 
obtaining the further means of prosecuting your studies, 
aeoessary to qualify you to do one thing only in life. 

Nearly all of our best men are self-made, and men of one 
idea, i. c, they have set themselves to be mechanics, physi- 
3ians, lawyers, sculptors, &c., and have bent their whole 
energies and lives to fit themselves for the great work before 
them. Begin then ; offer no excuse. "Be sure you are on 
ihe right track, then go ahead : 

"Live for something," slothful be no longer, look around for some empby ; 

Labor always makes you stronger, ani also gives you sweetest Joy. 

Idle hands are always woary : faithful hearts are are always gay ; 

Lite for us, should not be dreaay ; nor can it, to the active, every day. ''-' ' 

Always remembering that industry, in study or labor, wil] 
keep ahead of his work, giving time for pleasure and enjoy* 
nent ; but indolence is ever behind ; being driven with hei 
york, and no prospect of its ever being accomplished, i >ic 

When you have made your decision, aside from what time 
you must necessarily devote to labor, let all possible time be 
given to the study of the best works upon the STibject of 
your occupation or profession, knowing that, one hour's 
reading in the morning, when the mind is calm and free 
from fatigue, thinking and talking wi your companions 
through the day upon the subjects of whit 'i you have been 
reading, will be better than twice that time in ovo .ing read- 
ing, yet if both can be enjoyed, so much the better ; but one 
of them must certainly be occupied in this way. 

If you choose something in the line of mercantile or tradfl 
life, do not put off, too long, commencing for yourself. Bet- 
ter begin in a small way and learn, as your capital increaseS| 
how to manage a larger business. 

I knew a gentleman to commence a business with fiv* 
dollars, and in two weeks his capital was seventeen dollars, 
besides feeding bis family. 

I knew one also to begin with sixty dollars, and in fifteen 
months he cleared over four hundred and fifty dollars, be- 
sides supporting his family ; then he sold out and lost all 
before he again got into successful business. » *!# t,^ 

No person should ever sell out, or quit an honorablo pay* 
ing husiness, ^ ...■■.■, a.^^-. ^^. ,..^ :.,*..,, . ..., -^ 






Those who choose a professional life, will hordly find a 
place in the West, equal to the University of Michigan, 
Ann Arhor, to obtain their literary qualifications. An en- 
tranoe fee of Ten Dollars, with Five Dollars yearly, pays 
for a full Literary, Law, Medical, or Civil Engineering 
course ; the first requiring four, the next two, and the 
last three years. 

Or, in the words of the catalogue : " The University 
having been endowed by the General Government, affords 
education, without money and without price. There is do 
young man, so poor, that industry^ diligence and persevor- 
^ce, will not enable him to get an education here. 
■ " The present condition of the University confirms this 
view of its character. While the sons of ike rich, and of 
men of more or less property, and, in large proportion, the 
eons o£ substantial farmers, mechanics, and merchants, aie 
educated here, there is also a very considerable number of 
young men dependent entirely upon their own ezertionsr- 
young men who, accustomed to work on the farm or in tlie 
mechanic's shop, have become smitten with the love of 
knowledge, and are manfully working their way through, to 
a liberal education, by appropi:*'>ting a portion of their time 
to the field or the workshop." 

Persons wishing to qualify themselves for teaching in 
this State, will find the Normal School, Ypsilanti, undoubt- 
edly preferable. 

And that none may excuse themselves from an effort be- 
cause somewhat advanced in life, let me say that Doctor 
Ebarle, who wrote several valuable medical works, did not 
begin his medical stu lies i^ til forty-five years of age; 
alt^^ough I could mention many more, I will only add, 
I, myself, always desired to become a physician, yet circum- 
itanoes did not favor nor justify my commencement until 
I was thirty-eight. See the remarks following "Eye 

i V There is no occupation, liowever, so free and independent 
US that of the farmer; and there h none, except parente, 
capable of using so great an influence, for good or for evil, 
as thai of teacher. 

All might and ought, to a greakr or less extent, bo fano 
on : but all cannot be teachers. Then let those ' 



tasto inolines them to teaob, not ehrmk the responsihility, 
bat fully qualify for the work ; learning also the ways of 
Truth and Righteousness for themselves ; teaching it 
through the week-school, by action as well as by word, and 
in the Sabbath-school fail not to take their stand for the 
right, like our President elect ; then when it comes your 
tarB to assist in the govemmeat of the State or Nation, the 
people will come to your support as you do to your work- 
as they have just done to his (1860) ; feeling, as now, that 
the government must bo safe in the hands of those who 
love God — deal honestly with their fellows ; and who, in re- 
menibering the Sabbath to keep it holy themselves, are not 
ashamed — nor forget to teach the children to love the same 
God, and reverence His Word. Only think— r-a Sabbath" 
School Teacher — a Eail Splitter-^a Iloi^tpi^, President of 
the United States I - ■% 

Who will hereafter be afraid of common labor ; or let 
indolence longer prevent their uv ivity ? when it is only 
those who begin with small things and persevere throu^ 
life, that reach the final gOp\ of greatness ; and, as in this 
case, are crowned with, the greatest honor which man can 
receive — the confidence of his Nation. 

Then let Industry take the place of Indolence, beginning 
to be great, by grappling with the small things of life — be 
faithful to yourself, and you may reasonably ezpeot the 
end shall indeed be great. ■ ' 

And although it could not be expected, in a work of tills 
kind, that much could or would be said directly regarding 
a future life, yet I should be recreant to duty if I did not 
Bay a word more upon that subject. It shall be only a word. 
Be as faithful to God, as I have recommei|,ded you to be to 
jourself, and all things pertaining to a future, wiU lue 
equally prosperous and glorious in its results. 

GRAMMAR IN RHYMB—For the Little Folks— 

It is seldom that one sees so much valuable matter as the 

I following lines contain, comprised in so brief a space. 

1 Every young grammarian, and many older heads, will find 

lit highly advantageous to commit the ''poem " to memoiy 






for with these lines at the tongue's end^ rone need evet j 
mistake a part of speech : . ,, 

1. Three little words you often Bee> 
Are articles — a, an, ard the. 


- --I 


2. A Noun's the name of any thing, 
As school or garden, hoop or swing, 

3. Adjectives tell the kind of Nonn^ ^' | 
As great, small,preUy, white or hrown* ''' 

4. Instead of Nouns the Pronouns stand— ' ^ ' | 
Her head, Ai^ face, your arm, my hand. f^''«^ ' 

5. Verbs tell of something to be done — •^r*'/ 
^.■■: To r&id, count, sing, laugh, jump or run. ";^-'' * 

6. How things are done the adverbs tell^ 
• ,.:^ As slowly, quickly, iU or toeU. ^ ^- _ . 

7. Coiy unctions join the words together— t^ , 
As men and women, wind or weather. 

i ■''■;' 
fa': !*< ] 



& The Preposition stands before 
■^ A Noun, as in, or through a door. 




9. The Inteijection shows surprise, .^. ,.. 
As oh I how pretty— o^ / how wise. ' J^ 

The whole are called Nine Parts of Speech^ , . 
Which reading, writing, speaking teach. %■ 

' AiiJSlCAL CURIOSITY— Scotch Genius m Tbachino.— A Hlg* 
land piper, having a scholar to teach, disdained to crack his brain 
with the names of semibreves, minims, crotchets and qaaven, 
** Here, Donald," said he, *' tak' yer pipes, lad, and gie us a blast 
So — verra weel blawn, indeed; but what's a sound, Donald, 
without sense ! Ye maun blaw forever without making a tout 
o't, if I dinna tell you how the queer things on the paper main 
hel^ ;^ou. You see that big fellow wi' a round, open facet 
(pomting to a semibreve between two lines of a bar.) He movei | 
slowly from that line to tlus, while ye beat ane wi' yer fist, a 
gie us a long blast. If, now, ye put a leg to him, ye mak' tn I 
o' him, and he'll move twice as fast ; and if ye black his face, 
he'll run four times faster than the fellow wd' the white face; 
but if, after blacking his face, ye'U bend his knees or tie his 1^, 
he'll hop eight times faster than the white-faced chap I showed 
you first. Now, whene'er ye blaw yer pipes, Donald, remember 
this— that the tighter those fellows' legs are tied, the faster thejill 
run, and the quicker they're sure to dance. 

^ That is, the more legs they have bent up; contraxyttj 
natare^ the faater goes the music. 



f?r ^ 

-!.)c: ^ • 

#; ■ 


>' ■ 

t.':i ■ 

. ^^'n''"^^'f !^ ^ ^t^ ' ^l: ft ' " ■ 


«' I 



REMARKS. — J may be necessary to remark, and I do 
it here, once for all, ^aat every article to be dyed, as well as 
everything used about dying, should be perfectly clean. 

In the next place, the article to be dyed should be weU 
scoured in soap, and then the soap rinsed out. It is also an 
advantage to dip the article you wish to dye in warm water, 
just before putting it into the alum or other preparation ; 
for the neglect of this precaution it is nothing uncommon 
to have the goods or yarn spotted. Soft water should al- 
ways be used, if possible, and sufficient to cover the goods 

As soon as an article is dyed it should be aired a little, 
then well rinsed, and afterwards hung up to dry. 

When dyeing or scouring silk or merino dresses, can 
should be taken not to wring them, for this has a tendency 
to wrinkle and break the silk. -^ ' ' *''^ >• ''^'^ 

Inputting dresses and shawls out to dry, that have been 
dyed, they should be hiuig up by the edge so as to dry 

Great confidence may be placed in these coloring recipes, 
as the author has had them revised by Mr. Storms, of this 
city, who has been in the business over thirty years. 


■AtW U 't-'i 

1. CHROME BLACK—SuPERiOR to Ant ts TTsk.— 
For 5 lbs. of goods — blu# vitriol 6 ozs.; boil it a few min- 
utes, then dip the goods f of an hour, airing often ; take 
out the goods, and make a dye with logwood 31bs. ; boil J 
hour; dip f of an hour and air the goods, and dip f of an 
hour more. Wash in strong suds. 

N. B. — This will not impart any of its color in fulling, 
nor fade by exposure to the sun. • W- 

2. BLACK ON WOOL— For Mixtures.— For 10 lbs. 
of wool — ^bi-chromate of potash 4 ozs. ; ground argal 3 ozs. ; 
boil together and put in the wool ; stir well and let it re- 
main in the dye 4 hours. Then take out the wool, rinse it 
slightly in clear water ^ then make a new dye, into which 

■>f ■■ . • 



pnt logwood 3} lbs. Boil 1 hour, and add chamber-ley 1 
pt., and let the wool lie in all night. Wash in clear water. 

3. STEEL MIX— Dark.— Black wool— It may be na- 
tural or colored, 10 lbs. — white wool IJ lbs. Mix evenly 
together and it will be beautiful. 

4. SNUFF BROWN— Dark, for Cloth or Wool.- 
For 5 lbs. goods — camwood 1 lb. ; boil it 15 minutes then 
dip the goods for f hour; take out the goods, and add to 
the dye, ftistio 2} lbs. : boil 10 minutes, and dip the goods 
J hour; then add blue vitrei 1 oz. ; copperas 4 ozs.; dip 
again ^ hour ; if not dark enough, add more copperas. It 
is dark and permanent. 

5. WINE COLOR.— Por 5 lbs. goods— camwoo^ 2 lbs.; 
boil 15 minutes and dip the goods ^ hour ; boil agkin and 
dip i hour ; then darken with blue vitrei 1} ozs. ; if not 
dark enough, add copperas ^ oz. 

6. MADDER RED.— To each lb. of goods— alum 5 
ozs. ; red, or cream of tartar 1 oz ; put in the goods and 
bring your kettle to a boil for J hour ; then air them and boil 
J hour longer ; then ampty your kettle and fill with clean 
water, put in bran 1 peck ; make it milk warm and let it 
stand until the bran rises, then skim off the bran and put 
in madder ^ lb. ; put in your goods and heat slowly until it 
boils and is done. Wash in strong suds. 

7. GREEN— On Wool or Silk, with Oak Bark.- 
Make a strong yellow dye of yellow oak and hickory bark, 
in equal quantities. Add the extract of indigo or chemio 
(which see), 1 tablespoon at a tiine, until you get the shade 
of color desired. Or : 

8. GREEN— With Fustic— For each lb. of goods- 

, fustic 1 lb. ; with alum 3} ozs. Steep until the strengtli M) 
out, and soak the goods therein until a good yellow is 'ob- 
tained ; then remove the chips, and add extract of indigo or 
ohemic, 1 table-spoon at a time, until the color suits. 

9. BLUE — Quick Process. — For 2 lbs. of goods—alum 
5 ozs. ; cream of tartar 3 ozs. ; boil the goods in this for 1 
hour ; then throw the goods into warm water, which has 
more or less of the extract of indigo in it, according to the 
depth of color desired, and boil again until it suits, adding 
l^ore of the him if needed. Jt is quick and pcnnanent, 



Between a Blue and Purple. — For 5 lbs. of wool, 
bi-chromate of potash 1 oz.; alum 2 ozs. ; dissolve them and 
bring the water to a boil, putting in the wool and boiling 1 
hour ; then throw away the dye and make another dye with 
logwood chips 1 lb., or extract of logwood 2J ozs., and boil 
1 hour. This also works very prettily on silk. , ' ; ,\ ., 

N. B. — Whenever you make a dye with logwood chips 
ciiher boil the chips J hour, and pour off the dye, or tie up 
the chips in a bag and boil with the wool or other goods, or 
take 2 J ozs. of the extract in place of 1 lb. of the chips is 
less trouble and generally the better plan. In the above 
recipe the more logwood that is used the darker will be the 


OR Cloth. — For 1 lb. of goods— cream of tartar ^ oz. ; 
cochineal, well pulverized, ^ oz. ; muriate of tin 2^ ozs. ; 
then boil up the dye and enter the goods ; work them briskly 
for 10 or 15 minutes, after which boil IJ hours, stirring 
the goods slowly while boiling, wash in clear water and dry 
In the shade. 

12. PINK. — For 3 lbs. of goods — alum 3 ozs., boil and 
dip the goods 1 hour ; then add, to the dye, cream of tartar 
4 ozs. ; cochineal, well pulverized, 1 ot. ; boil well and dip 
the goods while boiling, until the color suits. 

13. ORANGE.— For 5 lbs. of goods—Muriate of tin 6 
table-spoons ; argal 4 ozs. ; boil and dip 1 hour ; then add 
to the dye, fustic 2 J lbs. ; boil 10 minutes, and dip J hour, 
and add, again, to the, dye, madder 1 tea-cujp ; dip again ^ 

hour. '• -^ ^- . • ' " -v - 

N. B. — Cochineal in place of madder makes a much 
brighter color, which should be added in small quantities 
until pleaaed. About 2 ozs. \ / n,*. '^ 

14. LAC RED.— For 5 lbs. good»— argal 10 ozs. ; boil a 
few minutes; then mix fine ground lac 1 lb. with muriate 
of tm 1^ lb., and let them stand 2 or 3 hourt.^ ; then add 
1 half of the lac to the argal dye, and dip J hour ; then add 
I the balance of the lac and dip again 1 hour ; kctep tho dye 

I at a boiling heat; until the last half hour^ when the dye may 
[bQ cooled i)£^ 



' 15. PURPLB.-r-For 5 lbs. goods— cream of tartar 4 
ozs.; alum 6 ozs. ; cochineal, well pulyerized, 2 ozs. ; muri- 
ate of tin ^ tea-cup. Boil the cream of tartar, alum and 
tin 15 minutes ; then put in the cochineal and boil 5 min- 
utes ; dip the goods 2 hours ; then make a new dye with 
alum 4 ozs. ; Brazil wood 6 ozs. ; logwood 14 ozs- ; muriate 
of tin 1 tea-cup, with a little chemio; work again until 

: 16. SILVERDRAB— Light.— For 5 lbs. goods— alum 
1 small teaspoon, and logwood about the same amount ; boil 
well together, then dip the goods 1 hour; if not dark 
enough, add in equal quantities alum and logwood, until 

Beaoh Bark. — Boil the bark in an iron kettle, skim oat 
the chips after it has' boiled sufficiently, and then add cop- 
peras to set the dye. If you wish it very dark add more 
copperas. This is excellent for stockings. 

Make. — For good chemic or extract of indigo, take oil of 
vitriol J lb., and stir into it indigo, finely ground, 2 ozs., 
continuing the stirring at first for J hour; now cover over, 
and stir 3 or 4 times daily for 2 or 3 days ; then put in a 
crumb of saleratus and stir it up, and if it foams put in 
more and stir, and add as long as it foams ; the saleratus 
neutralizes any excess of acid ; then put into a glass vessel 
and cork up tight. It improves by standing. Druggists 
keep this prepared. 

^ 19. WOOL— To Cleanse.— Make a liquid of water 3 
parts and urine 1 part ; heat it as hot as you can bear the; 
hand in it ; then put in the wool, a little at a time, so as; 
not to have it crowd ; let it remain in for 15 minutes ; take 
it out over a basket to drain , then rinse in running water, 
and spread it out to dry ; thus proceed in the same liquor; 
when it gets reduced fill it up, in the same proportions, 
keeping it at hand heat, all the time, not using any soap. 

20. DARK COLORS— To Extract and Insert 
Light. — This recipe is calculated for carpet rags. In the 
first place let the rags be washed clean, the black or brown rags 
pan be colored red or purple; at the option of the dyer } 

cojjSBjxa; vjsp^vnarL 


ihifl, takd, for every 5 lbs. black or brown rags, muriate of 
tin f lb., and the lac } lb. ; mixed with the same, as for 
the lac red ; dip the goods in this dye 2 hours, boiling ^of 
the time, if not red enough add more tin and lac. The 
goods can then be made a purple, by adding a little log- 
wood ; be careful, and not get in but a very small handful, 
as more can be abided if not enough. White rags make a 
beautiful appearance in a carpet, by tying them in the skein 
tnd coloring them red, green, or purple ; gray rags will take 
a very good green — the coloring will be in proportion to the 
darkness of mix. 


1. BLACK. — For 5 lbs. goods — sumac, wood and bark 
Itogether, 3 lbs. ; boil ^ hour, and let the goods steep 12 
Ihoors ; then dip in lime water ^ hour ; then take out the 

goods and let them drip an hour ; now add to the sumao 
^uor, copperas 8 ozs., and dip another hour ; then run 
{them through the tub of lime water again for 15 minutes; 
now make a new dye with logwood 2J lbs., by boiling 1 
boor, and dip again 3 hours ; now add bi-carbonate of pot- 

sh 2 ozs., to the logwood dye, and dip 1 hour. Wash in 
^lear cold water and dry .in the shade. You may say this 

I doing too much. You cannot get a permanent black on 

Dtton with less labor. 

2. SKY BLUE.— For 3 lbs. goods— blue vitriol 4 ozs, ; 
|)oil a few minutes ; then dip the goods 3 hours, after which 

them through strong Hme water. You can make this 
olor a beautiful brown by putting the goods through a so- 
ation of prussiate of potash. 


-For Coloring. — Lime water is made by putting stone 
^me 1 lb., and strong lime water, 1} lbs. into a pail of wa- 

r, slacking, stirring, and letting it stand until it becomes 
Hear, then turn into a tub of water, in which dip the goods. 

?00D.— In all cases, if new, they should be boiled in 

)Dg soap-suds or weak ley and rinse dean ; then for cotton 
bs., or linen 3 lbs., take bi-carbonate of potash f lb. ; put 
tlid goods and dip 2 hoors^ then takd out^ rinso ; make » 



Dfi. osase's BEOtriiS. 


d^ with logwood 4 IbB. ; dip in this 1 hour, air, and let 
stand in the dye 3 or 4 hours, or till the dye is almost cold 
wash out and dry. 

5. BLUE ON COTTON— Without Logwood.— I'd 
5 lbs. of rags — copperas 4 ozs. ; boil and dip 15 minutes; 
then dip in strong suds, and back to the dye 2 or 3 times; 
then make a dye with prussiate of potash 1 oz. ; oil of vitriol 
3 table-spoons ; boil 30 minutes and rinse ; then dry. 

6. GREEN. — If the cotton is new, boil in weak ley or 
strong suds ; then wash and dry ; give the cotton a dip in 
the home-made blue dye tub until blue enough is obtained 
to make the green as dark as required, take out, dry, and 
rinse the goods a little ; then make a dye with fustic J lb.; 
logwood 8 ozs. to each lb. of goods, by boiling tlie dye 1 
hour ; when cooled so as to bear the hand, put in the cotton, 
move briskly a few minutes, and let lay in 1 hour ; take out 
and let it thoroughly drain ; dissolve and add to the dye, 
for each lb. of cotton, blue vitriol J oz., and dip another 
hour; wring out and let dry in the shade. By adding or 
diminishing the logwood and fustic, any shade of green may 
be obtained. v 

, 7. YELLOW.— For 5 lbs. of goods— sugar of lead 7 
ozs. ; dip the goods 2 hours ; make a qcw dye with bi-chro- 
matu of potash 4 ozs. ; dip until the color suits, wring oat 
and dry, if not yellow enough repeat the operation. 

8. ORANGE. — For 5 lbs. goods — sugar of lead 4 ozs.; 
boil a few minutes, and when a little cool put in the goods, 
dip 2 hours, wring out ; make a new dye with bi-chromate 
of potash 8 ozs. ; madder 2 ozs. ; dip until it suits ; if tbt 
color should be too red, take off a small sample and dip it 
into lime water, when the choice can be taken of the sam- 
ple dipped in the lime or the original color. 

9. Red. — Take muriate of tin § of a teacup ; add STiffi* 
cient water to cover the goods well, bring it to a boiling 
heat, putting in the goods 1 hour, stirring often; takeout 
the goods and empty the kettle and put in clean water, 
with nic-wood 1 lb., steeping it for J hour, at hand heat; 
then put in the goods and increase the heat for 1 hour, not j 
bringifig to a boil at all ; air the goods^ and dip an hour a 
before; wash witiiout soap. 



9. MURIATE OF TIK—Tnt Liottoe.— If dtUggld** 
keep it, it i» best to purchase of ihem already made ; bftt if 
yoa prefer, proceed as follows : 

Qet at a tinner's shop, block tin ; put it in a shovel and 
melt it. After it is melted, pour it from the height of 4 or 
6 feet into a pail of clear w^ter. The object of this is to ! 
have the tin in small particles, so that !;he acid can dissolvft [' 
it. Take it out of the water and dry it ; then put it into a" 
strong glass bottle ; pour over it muriatio acid 12 ozs. ; then ' 
slowly, add sulphuric acid 8 ozs. The acid should be added 
about a table-spoon at a time, at intervals of 5 or 8 min- 
tttfis, for if you add it too rapidly you run the risk of 
'raking the bottle, by heat. After you have all the acid , 
jD, let the bottle stand until the ebulition subsides ; then ' 
stop it up with a bees-wax or glass stopper, and set it away, 
and it will keep good for a year or more, or will be fit for'- 
use in'24 hours. /^ 



uREEN— Vert Handsome with Oak Bark.— For' 
][, uf silk — ^yellow oak bark 8 ozs. ; boil it J hour, turn off 
Ithe liquor from the bark and add alum 6 ozs. ; let stand 
until cold; while this dye is being made, color the goods 
in the blue dye-tub, a light blue ; dry and wash ; then dip 
in the alum and bark dye ; if it does not take well, warm 
[the dye a little. 

2. GREEN OR YBLLOW-.ON Silk OE Wool, w 
[Five to Fifteen Minutes.— For 5 lbs. of goods — blaek 
oak bark or peach leaves ^ peck ; boil well ; then take out- 
bark or leaves, and add muriate of tin ) tearoup, stir- ' 

ring well ; then put in the goods and stir them round, and^^ 
(t will dye a deep yellow in from 5 to 15 minutes, aooordins.: 
the strength of the bark^ take out the goods, rinse and' 
iry immediately. .- iv^,, 

N. K — For a green, add to the above dye, eitraist of 
1%)^ 01 chemio 1 table-spoon only, at a time, and worfe^i 
be goods 5 minutes, and air ; if not sufficiently dark use 
lie same imiount of chemks as before, and work again until 

3. MULBERRY.— For lib. of silk— alTm'4 ozs. i %|x' 







DB. cease's BEOIFES. 

hcnr; wash out, and make a dye with Brazil wood I ok., 
and logwood J oz. by boiling together ; dip ia this J hour, 
then add more Brazil wood and logwooJ, in equal proper- 
tions, until the color is dark enough. v , 
; 4. BLACK. — Make a weak dye is you '^culd for black 
on woollens, work the goods in bi-chromate of potash, at a 
little below boiling heat, then 'dip in the logwood in the 
same way ; if colored in the blue vitriol dyv?, use about the 
same heat. 

5. SPOTS — To Bemove and Prevent when Color. 
ING Black on Silk oji Woollen. — N.B. In dyeing silk or 
woollen goods, if they should become rusty or spotted, all 
that is necessary is to make a weak lye, and have it scalding 
hot, and put your goods in for fifteen minutes ; oi\ throw 
some ashes into your dye, and run your goods in it 5 
minutes, and they will come out a jet black, and an even 
color. I will warrant it. — Storms. 

The reason that spots of brown, or rust, as it is generally 
trailed, appear on black cloths, is that these parts take the 
color faster than the other parts ; but I have no doubt Mr, 
Storms' plan will remove them, for he regretted much to 
make public the information, which he says is not generallj 
known. And if the precaution, given in our leading re- 
marks on coloring, are heeded, there will be but very little 
danger of spotting at all. 

6. LIGHT CHEMIC BLUE.— For cold water 1 gaJ, 
dissolve alum ^ table-spoon, in hot water 1 teacup, and add 
to it ; then add chemio 1 teaspoon at a time, to obtain the 
desired color, — the more chemic that is used, the darker 
will be the color. 

7. PURPLE.— For 1 lb. of silk— having first obtained 
a light blue by dipping in the home-made blue dye-tub, and 
dried, dip in alum 4 ozs., to sufficient water to cover, when 
a little warm ; if the color is not full enough, add a little 

6. YELLOW.— For 1 lb. of silk— alum 3 ozs. ; sugar of 
lead f oz. ; immerse the goods in the solution over night; 
take out, drain, and make a new dye with fustic 1 lb. ; dip 
until the required color is obtained, 

N.B.— The yellow or gre«n, for wool, worka equally well 

oou>BiNa nBPismmn, 


9. OKANGE. — Take anottaand soda, and add in equal 
quantities, according to the amount 'of goods and darkness 
of the color wanted : say 1 02. of each, to each pound of 
eilk, and repeat as desired. * 

10. CRIMSON.— For 1 lb. of silk— alum 3 ozs. ; dip 
at hand-heat 1 hour ^ take Out and drain, while making a 
new ley, by boiling 10 minutes, cochineal 3 oza. ; bruized 
Dut-galls 2 ozs.; and cream of tartar ^ oz., in one pail of 
water ; when a little cool, begin to dip, raising the heat to 
a boil, continuing to dip 1 hour. 

SILK.— By a New Process— Vert Beautipul. — Givo 
the goods as much color, from a solution of blue vitriol 2 
ozs., to water 1 gallon, as it will take up iq dipping 
15 minutes ; then run it through lime-water ; this will 
make a beautiful sky-blue, of much durability ; it has now 
to be run through » solution of Frussiate of potasH 1 oz., 
jo water 1 gal ' ' 





"* ' ill . / 


• ■ri?,/:'^-'--;' 


r * r ■ 


■■ V' tV 


'J ' ^ 

'■ <.i» * 





INTEREST— Legal Kates allowed in each of thb 
i>n!EERENT States ; Also, showing what bates mat 
be contracted foe, and collected ; and giving the 
Forfeitures when Illegal rates are Attempted to 
BE COLLECTED. — FiRST, then. Six per cent is the Legal rate*i 
in the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, 
Connecticut, Vermont, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, 
Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, (Eight per cent, is allowed 
in thia State if agreed upon), Mississippi, Tenne^e, Ar- 
kansas, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, 
ai^d. New Jersey, excepting in Hudson and Essex Couqi 
ties, and the city of Patterson ; in this last State Seven pec 
cent, is allowed, when either of the parties reside therein. 

Second : Seven per cent, is the Legal rate in Michigan, 
New York, Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Carolina and 

Third : Ten per cent, is the Legal rate in California; 
Eight per cent, in Alabama and Texas, and as strange as it 
may appear, in Louisiana only Five per cent. 

Maine and Vermont allow no higher than legal interest 
to be collected, even if agreed upon. And if paid it can 
be recovered again, but no forfeiture. 

In New Hampshire, three times the legal rate is forfeited; 
if unlawfully taken. 

Ehode Island has no forfeiture, but allows legal interest 
to be collected, even on usurious contracts. > 

In Connecticut, if usurious contracts are made, the prin- 
cipal only can be collected, to the lender, or, if collected, 
can be recovered, one-half to the informer, the other half to 
the State Treasury. 

New York voids usurious contracts ; but, if paid, only 
allows the excess over legal rates to be collected back. 

New Jersey, also, voids usurious contracts, reserving half 
to the State, and half to the informer. 

Pexmsylyama allows j>nly legal interest to be colleotei 

'^•isKiw^^'^-.-.s-. jj^':;?*^.:""^"" 




legal rate*' 
3 Island, 
LS allowed 
jseee, Ar- 
iri, Iowa, 
ex Couni 
Seven pes 
I therein. 

olina and 

ange as it 

\\ interest 
)aid it can 


[, theprin- 



)aid, only 
[rving hall 


Delaware allows usurious contracts to be collected, half 
to the State and half to the prosecutor. 

Maryland allows only legal rates to he collected. 

Virginia voids the contract, and doubles the debt, half to 
the informer and half to the State. 

North Carolina igi the same as Virginia. 

South Carolina, Florida, and Alabama, allow forfeitures 
)f only the interest. 

In ^^''Salssippi, although six per cent, is the legal inter- 
58* on common debts, yet for money, actually borrowed, 
sight per cent, is allowed, and although a rate may bo 
igrced upon above what the law allows, simple interest may 
still be collected. 

Louisiana, although allowing only five per cent, where no 
stipulation is made, permits eight per cent, in agreement^ 
md Bank interest to be six per cent. 

In Texas, although eight per cent, only is the legal rate, 
yet twelve may be contracted for, but if higher rates are 
igreed upon, none can be collected. 

Arkansas allows as high as ten per cent, on contract, but 
raids usurious contracts. 

Tennessee allows a fine to be collected, not less in amount 
^an is unlawfully taken. 

Kentucky only voids usurious excesses. 

Michigan allows ten per cent, to be contracted for, and 
olds only excesses, if any are taken. 

Indiana allows only her legal rates to be contracted for^ 
id may be collected back, if, in any case, it should be ob- 

Illinois allows ten per cent, on money actually borrowed, 
d only lawful rates can be collected. 

In Missouri ten per cent, may be contracted for, but 
rfeits ten per cent, to the common school fund, in casea 
ere more than lawful rates are obtained. 
Iowa permits ten per cent, to be agreed upon, and allows 
ill^ interest to be collected back. 








Wiseonsin formerly permitted twelve per cent, to be 
agreed upon, and those who paid more than lawful rates 
might recover hack three times the amount paid ; hut more 
recently allows only seven per cent., and makes all above 
that amount usurious. 

California and Minnesota allow any rate agreed upon to 
be collected. 

The interest which the State allows to be collected on 
notes drawn, "with use," not specifying the rate, is called 
legal, and that which some States allow to be cdntracted for 
above the legal rate is lawful ; but when a larger rate is 
taken, or agreed upon, it is called usurious, and subjects 
the person agreeing for it, or receiving it, to the penalties, 
or forfeitures, as given in the foregoing explanations. 

Any Agent, or other person, who may know of ai 
eh^ges in their States from these rules, will confer a fayor 
OD the Author by Mnmiunicating the same. 










■ i , 

'.■,i!l : 


In th( 
any othe 
year, mu 
ftr whici 
or any ot 
in the ai 


1 one hunc 


And, oj 
tile tabic 



Desired to obtain the interest on $1,111.00, for 1 year, 4 
months, and 27 days, at 6 per cent. 

Turning to the tables you will see that the time is given 
in the left-hand column, the amounts on which you desiro 
to find the interest are given at the heads of the various 
right-hand columns, the sum sought is found at the meeting 
of the lines to the right of the time, and down from the 
amount, as follows : 

The interest on $1,000, 1 year, at 6 per cent •«$60.00 

« « « 100, " " " " " 6.00 

it t( K JQ t( <i a tC (( gQ 

U tl U 1 i( it t( U i( ^^ Qg 

« « « 1,000,' 4 months," " " .'!.'.'!!!!! 20.00 

« " « 100, " " " " " 2.00 

u tc a 20 « it « <t u 20 

(t It it 1 it tt (t t< ti g2 

« « « 1,000* 27 days, « « « !!!!!!!!! 4.50 

tt tt it -^QQ tt tl tt ft t( ^^^^ 45 

(( « « 10 tt tt tt tt tt ^^^ 05 

tt tt n 2 tt tt tt it « QQ 

Whole sum of interest sought^ $93.88 

In the same manner, proceed with any other amounts, or 
any other time, or rate per cent. ; and if for more than one 
year, multiply the interest for 1 year by the number of years 
for which the interest is sought ; if for twenty, thirty, sixty, 
or any other amount between ten and one hundred dollars, 
multiply the interest on ten dollars, by the number of tens 
in the amount, which gives you the whole sum of interest 
sought; the same rule holds good on hundreds, between 
one hundred and one thousand, and, also, on thousands. 

To find interest at 5 per cent., take one-half of the 10 
per cent. rate. 

And, of oourso, the principle works the same on all of 
[tU tables, for the difibvent rates of per oent. 




. • 1 


INTEREST table; 


i.' : . "^ ■ 

A I 

. i ; 

$2 $3 







V , 


8 12 

9 14 

10 15 

11 17 

12 18 

$4 $5 


$6 %1 



8 10 

10 13 

12 16 

14 18 

16 20 

18 23 

20 25 

22 28 

24 30 

$8 99 $10 


12 14 

15 18 

18 21 

20 25 

24 28 

27 32 

30 85 

33 39 

36 42 


2 2 

2 2 

2 2 2 

2 2 2 

2 2 2 

2 2 3 

2 2 3 

2 3 3 

2 3 3 

3 3 3 
3 3 3 
3 3 4 
3 3 4 
3 3 4 
3 4 4 
3 4 4 

3 4 4 

4 4 6 
4 4 6 
4 4 6 
4 6 6 
8 9 10 

12 14 15 

16 18 20 

20 23 25 

24 27 30 

28 32 35 

32 36 40 

36 41 45 

40 45 50 

44 60 64 

48 64 60 















































































, ^rxL 

' 2 




6: ' 

7. .. 

8 w 

9 ' . 

10 :,r 

11 . 

12 : 


14 ; 



17 ; 
















5 -P: -; 

6 1*. 

7 ^ 

8 - 



» ( 

inu \ 

I , 


P $1 92 

1 DAT. Of 

2 a 

•8 $4. 












2 1 







6 12 
6 IS 



|5 |6 |7 |8 $9 






2 2 
2 2 


lliiA 7 14 

9 12 

11 14 

18 16 

14 17 

1& 21 

18 ^ 

19 26 

it u 




9 11 12 

12 14 16 

15 18 20 

18 21 26 

20 25 29 

23 28 83 

26 32 ^ 

29 35 4^1 

32 89 4^ 

85 4ft 49 



14 16 

19 21 

23 26 

28 32 

33 37 

37 4& 

42 i7 

47 53 

51 58 

56 68 





$19 9166 $1000 
2 19 
4 39 
14 1.36 
16 1.56 
18 1.76 , 
1.94 ^ 
2.14 ^ 
23 2.33 
25 2.53 . 
27 2.72 I 
29 2.92 4 
81 8.11 '.; 
S3 3.31 ' 
35 3.50 
37 3.69 ' 
39 3.89 ■ 
41 4.08 f 
43 4.28 -- 
45 4.47 
47 4.67 
49 4.86 
51 5.06 ' 
63 5.26 •- 
6i 5.44 f^ 
56 5.64 ^^ 
58 6.88 ^ 
12 1.17 11 67 " 
18 1.75 17.50 
23 2 33 23.33 ' 
29 2.92 29 17 
36 3.60 35.00 ' 
41 4.08 40.83 * 
47 4.67 46.67 
53 6.25 52 50 
58 5.88 58.33 
64' 6.42 64.17 
7a7.00 70;0« 




DB. 0EiJ9B*S BECIPI8. « 






" f.i 








•vr" . 



". ■ 

• 1 

-/ , • 

' t 



'.',■■— .TT".' 

r ■ 








$7 |8 $9 $10 



1 DAT 

















^ S 
















1 2 




i 1 


2 2 






2 2 






2 2 







2 2 




■ l 13 



2 3 




1 1^ 




2 8 




■ 1^ 




3 3 




ill IS 




3 3 



in 17 





3 3 



■1. ^^ ' 18 





3 4 



H^ ^^ 





3 4 



W t 20 





4 4 



Jl 21 





4 4 




Sj 22 





4 4 




'II 23 






4 6 











4 6 










4 6 




H ^ 26 






6 6 




iH ^^ 






6 5 










5 6 










6 6 




^ 1 MOMTH 1 






6 6 











11 12 












16 18 












21 24 











27 30 











32 36 











37 42 












43 48 












48 64 












63 60 












69 66 












64 72 








i . . 








$8 $9 $10 $100 iidoof 

1 ]>iY 



2 ' . 





































































































































































































































1 uojsem 1 






































4 ••■ . 


























7f ? 

























8t M 


































































-... ..uLL.m 




- 4 




^ f2 fa 

$4 §6 



|8 $8 $10 


( 1 lUT 































































































































































































































luojrm 1 





























20 23 




3 33 












^!ltr? .>■' 























J|.a (M^ 












ft> i- 











7 50 

Ift? %f; 
























ImiiJU) ^ 4fi 





90 WV^'^ 

66 67 










66 67 


For an adult, (a peindn of 40 years,) t1i« dost of com* 
mon medicines is dlowed to be 1 draehm, 60 graiOBi 

Those^ at 20 years, 2-3 




















For baftOtf, tmdefr 1 year, the dose should go down by 
mmthSf at about the saine rate as by years^ for those over a 

Again, Ibr persons in adyanced life, say from $0 yeaarfl^ "^^ 
the doB^ must begin to lessen about 5 grains^ and frooi that 
OB) 5 graina for eaeh additional 10 years. 

Femalof^ however, need a littk less^ generaUy, thann^y 
males. w* 

The above rules hold good in all medicines, except castor* 
oil, the proportions of which cannot be reduced to muc\ 
and opium, and its various preparations, which must be r&* 
doced, generally, in a little ^eater proportion 



■\\^i--.,K. .A.'r-jiLikA'^A'iAjJjkt^ ^ :■ A.- 





, to., One pound (lb.) contains 12 ounces. ' • •'• " 
, One ounce (oz.) " 8 drachms. «<' 
: One drachm ?dr.) <* 3 scruples. 
One scruple (scru.) '' 20 grains, (gr.) 

One pint contains 16 fluid ozs., 4 gills. 
One ounce « 8 " drs^ 1-4 " \ 

One table-spoon '' ubout half a fluid ounce. 
,, / One teaspoon '^ ^' one fluid drachm. , 

; ,,, Sixty drops make about one teaspoon. ;,^^) - .,i v. 

Whenever a tea, or table-spoon is mentioned, it means 
Ibe same as it would to say spoonful ; the same of cup, in 
fluid measures, but in dry measures, where a spoon, or 
ipoonfVil is mentioned, the aesign is that the spoon should 
be taken up moderately rounding, unless otherwise men- 

Y> i-"'"':*H>> r 

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• ( 

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,'".' •' 


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Abdomen, — The lower front part of the body. 
Aromatic.^S^icy and fragrant drugs; used to prevent 

griping of drastio purgatives. 
Aperient. — A gentle laxative or purgative. '' '' 

Acidity, — Sourness. Acids neutralize alkalies. ■ ' 
Alhallne, — Having the properties of itlkali. Alkalies neu* 

tralize acids. 
Antacid, — Medicines which neutralize acids. 
Anti, — Being prefixed to any word signifies against. 
Antiscorbutic, — Alteratives for Scrofula; blood purifierfl. 
Antiiyphilitic. — Remedy for Venereal diseases. 
Alhis. — White, hence whites; fluor albus. [" 

Antisialagogue, — Remedy for Salivation. 'v*^'r.^..v 

Antiseptic, — That which will prevent putAfaction. 
Antiphlogistio, — Remedy for fever and inflammation* 
AntU^asmodic. — Remedy for spasms, cramps, or oonvul* 

-.Hi uiJ A 'i-^lil^rSionS. ^ ^ ^ ^ ■^••-■■'^'■^' -^yr'-^. 

Anodyne, — A medicine which will allay pain, and produce 

Alterative, — Medicines which will graduaUy restore healthy 

Astringent — Medicines which constringe, draw up surfaces 

with which they come in contact ; U8e.4. ^ 
^ Flooding, Diarrhea, Whit^, &c. '•,*;^ 

Abscess, — A cavity containing pus. "^^^ ^ "V^ v^ v^ »?a 4^ 
Anemia* — ^Without blood, more properly blood without its 

proportion of iron, which gives it the bright 

red. •• -■. -■.-■ ^- . ■'■ ,,? ■ 

Alvine, — Relating to the intestines. --- ^5 •,^, ; '' * ;^^ 
Aliment, — Any kind of food. 
Alimentary Canal. — The entire passage through the whole 

intestines from mouth to anus ; the passage 

for the aliment. 
Albumen»-^An element found in both animal and y^ta* 
i ^t Tu- ble substances, constituting the chief port of 

the white of eggs. .^ '^H iJ^f3Tffi-->«> 

Antimonial — Medicines containing antimony. 




Anu$, — The external opening of the rectum, lower intestine. 
Antipmodic, — ^That which onres periodic diseases, as 

Ague, Intermittent Fevers. 
Antidote. — An opposing medicine, used chiefly against 

Adult, — A person of full growth. — 

Aqua. — 77'ater. 

Aqua AmmorUa^-^Wster of Ammonia, "^l 
^mcTiorrAca.-^Ahsenoe of the menses. 
Antiemetic, — That which will stop Tomiting; against 

Artenic, — ^A metal, the o:i:ide of which is arsenxGUS aoid^ 

' commonly ealled ratsbane. \ 

Ahortion, — ^A premature birth or miscarriage. . • 
Abortives^ — That whi(^ will cause abortion. 
Abrasion, — Briiiising the skin. ;:^ 

Acetate, — A salt prepared with acetic acidi 
ulcncf,— Irritating, biting. 
Adkeaiw^-^A'p^lied to sticking plasters, and to parts ad^ 

hering from inflammations. 
Balm, — Aromatic and fragrant medicine, usually an oint« 

Balsam. — Kesinous substances^possessing healing properties. 
Basilicon, — An ointment containing wax, rosin, &o. 
Belladonna. — Nightshade. 
Bergamot, — Perfume made from the lemon peel. 
Bile^ — A secretion from the liver. 
Bilious. — An UEidue amount of bile. '^ .. -"' 

Bi-tartrate of PotasK'-^Qteua of tartar. 
Blanch, — To whiten. > -'"" 

Bowels, — ^Intestines. ' 

Boltu. — A large pill. ^ _ 

Bronchia. — Branches of the windpipe. 
Bronchitis, — Inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which 

lead into the lungs. 
.8roncAoce2e— Enlargement of the thyroid gland, enlaiged 

Butyric Add. — An acid obtained from but er. 
Cakitem, — The metalic basis of !ime, (see fluor spar;) 
Calimus. — Sweet flag. 
Calcareouh — A substance oontaining ohalk or lim«. 



(Jalcined, — ^Burned so as to be easily reduced to powder. 
Valculus, — Stone or gravel found in the bladder, gall 
ducts, kidneys and ureters ; ducts wliioh lead 
from the kidneys to the bladder. 

Callous. — A hard bony substance or growth. 

Capsicum. — Cayenne pepper. . . 

Catarrh. — Flow of mucus. 

Cathartic. — An active purgative. 

Catheter. — Tube for emptying the bladder. 
^Carminative. — An aromatic me limine. 

Caustic. — A corroding or destroying substance, as nitrate 
of silver, potash, &c. 

Citric Acid. — Acid made from lemons. 

Chronic. — Of long standing. 

Collapse. — A recession of the blood from the surface. 

Coma. — Stupor. 

Constipation. — Costiveness. 

Contagious. — A disease which may be given to another by 

Counter. — To work against, as counter-irritant, Spanish* 
flies, draughts to the feet, &c. 

Congestion. — Accumulation of blood in a part, unduly. 

Convalescence. — Improvement in health. 

Cuticle. — The outer or first portion of the skin, which con- 
sists of three coats. 

Datura Stramonium. — Stink-weed, jimpson, &o. 

Diaphoretics. — Medicines which aid or produce perspiration. 

Decoction. — To prepare by boiling. 

DentriJice.-^A preparation to cleanse the teeth. 

Defecation. — To pass the foeces, to go to stool. 

Dentition. — Act or process of cutting fceeth. 

Desiccation. — To dry, act of drying. 

Demulcent.' — Mucilaginous, as flax-seed and gum arable. 

Dermoid. — Resembling, or relating to the skin. 

Detergents. — Cleansing medicines, as laxatives and purga- 

Diagnosis. — To discriminate disease. 

Diaphragm. — Midrifl". 

Diarrhoea. — Loosenese of the bowels. 

Digest, — Assimilation or conversion of food into chjnne — to 
prepare medicines with continued, gentle heat. 




t>B. chase's beoifes. 

JXtcutienL-^ A medicbiQ which will scatter or drive away 

Diwretic* — That which increases the amount of urine. 

D^Uuted, — Reduced with watf^r, as dilute alcohol, half 
alcohol and half water. 

Digitalis.-^Fox glove, a narcotic. 

Dorsal. — Having reference to the hack. 

Douche, — A dash, or stream upon any part. 

Drachm, — Sixty grains, a teaspoonful, or a teaspoon of. 

Dulcamara. — The bitter-sweet or woody nightshade* 

jl!]^«pcp«a.— Difficult digestion. 

Dysphonia. — Difficulty in speaking. 

Dysuria. — Difficult or painful urination. \ 

JEau. — Water. 

Eau de Cologne. — Cologne water, 

Ehulition. — To boil. 

Eclectic. — To choose. 

Eclectic Physician. — One who professes to be liberal, in 
views, independent of party, and who favors 
progress and reform in medicine. 

Effervesce. — To foam. 

Efflorescence. — Redness of the general surface. 

Effete. — Worn out, waste matter. 

Elaterium. — E rult of the wild cucumber, a hydragogue. 

Electuary. — Medicine prepared at the consistence of honey. 

Elixir. — A tincture prepared with more than one article. 

Emesis — The act of vomiting. 

Emetic. — Medicines which produce emesis, vomiting. 

Emmenagogue. — A medicine which will aid to bring on the 

Emolients. — Softening and screening medicines, slippery- 
elm bark, flax-seed, gums, &o. 

Emulsion, — Mucilage from the emolients. 

Enema. — An injection by the rectum. * 

Ennui. — Lassitude, dullness of spirit^ disgust of condition, 
' &c. 

Epi. — Above or over. 

Epidermis. — Outer skin. 

Epigastrium. — Region of the pit of the stomach. 

Epilepsy. — Convulsion fits, with loss of sense for the tim^ 
foaming; at the mouth, and stupor. 

- * •^. 

eiJb^mj^ ms^lMiiismi 


JS^htHs^^Ttsp-^oor cartilage at the root of the tongao, 
preventing food, or fluid, from entering tho 

Epistcacis, — Nosebleed, H^^r^J^fcvv " • • .^ . 

Ergot. — Spurred rye. ^ 

Eructation. — Kaising wind from the Btomach, belching. 

Eruption, — Pimples or blotches on the skin, or pustules 
from small-pox. 

Etchar. — A slough on the surface, , t 

Escharottc. — That which will destroy the flesh. 

Eisentiah — Having reference to essences made firom essen* 
tial oils, and alcohol. -, .^ 

Ether. — A volatile fluid. .*,;^fj • ' •<*%>j»^ 

Etherial Oil. — Volatile oil. 

Eustachian Tube. — A tube leading from the side of th« 
throat to the internal ear. 

Eversion, — Turning inside out. 

Evacuation. — To discharge by stool, to haste-away. [See 
the remarks in the body of the work on " fcos- 

Evaporation, — To escape in vapor. . y* . '--i-s? 

Exacerbation. — ^Violent increase in disease. 

Exanthemata. — Eruptive disea£!e, as small-poz, scarlet fever, 
measles, &e. 

Excrement. — The foeces, that which passes by stool. 

Excretion. — That which is iurown off, become useless. 

Er.oriation. — Abrasion, to bruise the skin. 

Exhalents. — ^Vessels which throw out fluid upon the ex- 
ternal or internal surface of the body. 

*:!j:pectora/nt8. — That which produces or aids a discharge of 

^ mucus from the bronchial tubes, or from the 

lungs. ^ 

Excision. — To cut off an extremity. I 

Extremity. — Applied to the arms and legs, called upper 
and lower extremities. 

Extirpation. — To cut out, or to remove a part 

Extract. — To take out, as a tooth, to extract a ball or any 
foreign substance from a wound — an active 
principle obtained from vegetables. 

Express. — To press out juices, 

Kwrcficencfi.— An unnatural growth. 


' V, ' 




Extravasation. — A collection of blood into a cavity, or 

under the skin. 

Facial, — Belonging to, or having reference to the face. 

Farina. — Meal, or flour, from vegetables. 

Farcy. — A disease of the lymphatic vessels in the ekin of 
the flanks of a horse. 

Fauces. — The pharynx and back part of the mouth. 

Fascicular. — A bundle, in bundles. 

FcBces. — That which passes by stool. ' 

Febrile. — Having reference to fevers. 

Febrifuge. — Medicines to drive away fever, producing per- 

Felon. — A deep abscess of the finger, involving the bone, 
because under the periosteum, the membrane 
which covers the bone. \ 

Femur. — The thigh bone. 

Femoral. — Relating to the thigh. 

Fefrment.—To oxodize, to cfiervesce, to work, as emptyings, 
beer, wine, cider, &c. 

Fermentation. — To sour, to decompose, both heat and mois« 
ture being necessary to keep it up. 

Ferri Limatura. — Iron filings, very valuable in female de« 
bility, and for males of a weak habit of body. 

Ferrum, — Iron. 

Fever, — That which " Old School Physicians" call a disease, 
whilst another class (the Thomsonians) say it 
is an efibrt of nature to throw off disepRf*; but 
:' Eclectics take it as an indication that the circu- 
. •; lating medium is not regular, and go to work at 
; ,' once to equalise the circulation, |by the use of 
diaphoretics, combined with tonics and deter- 
gents, which soon sets all to rights ; for fever 
and perspiration cannot long eAiat together. 

^t7^«?^— To strain through paper made for that purpose. 

Fibre.— K very small, thread-like substance of animal or 
vegetable matter. 

Fibula.- The smallest bone of the leg below the knee. 

Fistula. — An ulcer. 

Flaccid.—Eldhhy, soft, relaxed. * -^^SlSf^ 

Flabby. — Loose and soft to the touch. • 

Flatus,— To inflate the stomach or bowels with gas. 


'"■^^1^:. '■ff^"j';'';3'i"Tr"-', 



Fluorie Add.^^K fltiid obtained from tiho fltior spur (ml 

with sulphuric acid. 
Flatulence. — Gas in the stomach. %^v,S « /• 

Flooding. — Uterine hemorrhage. '^^ J ' 

Fluor. — An increased discharge, to flow. • -^ 
Fluor Spar. — Fluoride of calcium. * '■< 

Fluor Albw. — White flow, lucorrhea, whites^ &c« 
Flux. — To flow, diarrhea. 

Friction. — Rubbing with the dry hand, or dry coarse olotb. 
Fumigate. — To smoke a room, or any article needing to bf 

Fundament. — The anus. 
Formula. — Medical prescription. 
Fulminating Powder. — An explosive preparation, used in 

Function. — The particular action of an organ, as the fuBO' 

tion of the stomach, liver, lungs, heart, &o. 
Fung^<< — Spungy flesh in wounds, proud-flesh, a soft cancer, 

which bleeds upon touching its broken surface. 
Fusion. — To fuse, to melt. 

Furor. — ^Very violent delirium, not accompanied by fever. 
Galhanum. — A resinous gum, from a genus of giants. 
Gmm^ — Family of plants, a group, all of a class, or natufe. 
GaW.— Bile. 
Gall Bladder. — A bag which receives the gall, or bile, 

through 4(icts, from the liver, delivering it to 

the stomach, in health, through the duct called 

communis oholedochus* 
Gall Stones. — Hard biliary concretions Ibund in the gall 

bladder, and sometimes causing death, from not 

being able to pass through the ductus oom^ 


Valla.—Thxi gall nut, an excrescence fouod upon the pak« 
Gallic Acid. — An acid from the nut-gall. 
Galipot. — A glazed jar, used for putting up gummy extracts* 
Galvanic. — Having reference to galvanism. 
Gamboge. — A drastic purgative, unless combined with mo* 

\G(mgrene, — Partial death of a part, often «ndii^ in entira 

mortification of the part, and s ojmitai es of the 

wholo body. 





1>B. tOBASti'fi fiEOII>I!S. 



OangUon^-^K knot, or lump on tendons^ ligaments, or 

Gaseous. — Having the nature of gas. 

Gastric. — Of, or belonging to the stomach. 

Gastric Juice. — Secretion of the stomach. 

Gastritis. — Inflammation of the stomach. 

GoMtrodynia. — Fain in the stomach, sometimes with spasms 
of the stomach. r 

Gelatine. — Isinglass. 

Gelatinous. — Like jelly. u 

Genitah. — Belonging to generation, the sexual organs. 

Gentian. — An European root, possessing tonic properties. 

Genu. — The knee. 

Genuflexion. — ^Bending the knee, kneeling. 

Germ. — The vital principle, or lifenspark. 

Gestation. — To be pregnant. 

Gland, — Secreting organs having ducts emptying into cavi- 
ties, which often become obstructed, caufiing 
them to enlarge ; hence, the enlargement of the 
thyroid gland in the neck, causing bronchocele. 

Glans. — A gland. 

Gleet. — Chronic gonorrhea. 

Globules, — Small round particles, having special reference to 
particles of the red part of the blood. 

Glossa.—The tongue, a smooth tongue. 

Gloss. — To give lustre ; to comment ; to write or make ex- 

Ghssarist. — A writer of glosses or commeiits. > 

Glossary. — An explanation of words. 

Ghs8arial.-—QoTiiQmuig explanations. 

Glossitis. Inflammation of the tongue. 

Glottis, — The opening into the wind-pipe at the root of the 
tongue, larynx, covered by the epiglottis. 

Gluten, — Coagulable lymph, white of an egg, a principle in 
. . wheat and other vegetables. 

Glutton. — One \7ho eats excessively. 

Gimorrhea, — An infectious discharge from the genital or- 

Gout, — ^Painful inflammation of the joints of the toes, or of 
the fingers. 

Orcmule, — A small particle of healthy matter, not pus. 



Granulation. — Healing up of an ulcer or wound with 
healthy matter. 

Gravel, — Crystaline particles in the urine. 

Green-Sickness. — Chlorosis, debility requiring iron. 

Griping. — Grinding pain in the stomach, or bowels. 

Gutta. — One drop, drops. 

Gutta Percha. — Dried juice of a genus of trees Isonandra 

Guttural. — Relating to the throat. ' 

Gymnasium. — A place for sportive exercises, which is very 
valuable to those who cannot or will not take 
exercise for the sake of dollars and cents. 

Gypsum. — Sulphate of lime, more commonly called plaster 
of Paris, because first introduced from that 

Eahit. — Good or bad habit, constitutionally, or prejudicially 
predisposed to do some particular thing ; medi- 
cally, as consumptive habit, rheumatic habit, &o. 

Eema. — ^Blood, prefixed to other words. 

Hematemesis. — Hemorrhage from the stomach. 

Hematuria. — Hemorrhage from the bladder. 

Hemoptysis. — Hemorrhage from the lungs. 

Hemorrhoids. — Piles, bleeding piles. 

Henbane. — Hyoseyamus. 

Hereditary. — Disease from parents. 

Hernia. — Rupture, which permits a part of the bowel to 

Herpes. — Disease of the skin. 

Hiera Picra. — ^A medicine containing aloes. 

Humerus. — The single bone of the upper arm. 

Humeral. — Pertaining to th*- arm. 

Humors. — The fluids of the body, excluding the blood. 

Hydragogues. — Medicines which produce watery discharges, 
used in dropsy, as elaterium. 

Hydrargyrum. — Metallic mercury, quicksilver, Dc^Jters' 
name for calomel. 

HydrocyarpU Acid. — Prussic acid, nothing moro poisonous. 

Hydrofluoric Add. — Same as fluoric acid. 

J^^rea.— Health. 

Sygime, — Preserving health by diet and other precau* 

.' ■ %: 


DB« Class's beoifes. 

ffl/jaOf-^'Blgm^oa low, a low state of health, more annoying 

to the sufferers than to their friends, who are 

constantly boring them about it; called hysterics 

in woman, (from hysteria, the womb or uterus,) 
^ but blues only, when it gets hold of men ; they 

come from the same cause, general debility ; 

takes a strong remedy, iron, as medicine. 
Hypoghttis, — Under the tongue. 
Hysteria, — The uterus, (womb,) also .disease, depending 

upon, or caused by uterine irregularities. 
JBTysfmiw.— Inflammation of the uterus. 
Ichor, — An acrid, biting watery discharge from ulcers, often 

corroding, eating the surface. 
Icteftvx. — Jaundice, a bilious disease which shows itself by 

yellowness of the eyes and skin. 
Icterus Alhus. — Chlorosis, Whites, &o. 
Ignition. — To catch on fire, from Ignis, fire. 
Ileus. — Colic in the small intestines. 
Iliac. — Situated near the flank. 
Hiac Region.— ^Sides of the abdomen, between the ribd and 

the thighs. 
Imbecile. — One of weak mind, imbecility. 
Imbibe. — To absorb^ to drink. 
Imbricate. — To over-lap, as tiles on a house. 
Immerse. — To plunge under water. 
Immobile. — Immovable, as stiff joints. 
Imper/orate. — Without a natural opening. 
Impervious. — Closed against water. 
Impetigo. — Tetter. 

Imponderable. — Not having weight, light or elasticity. 
Impoverished. — Exhausted vitality. 
Impotence. — Sterility, not being able to produce. 
Impregnation. — The act of producing. , 
• Incision. — To cut. 
Incombustible. — Incapable of being burned. 
Incompatibles. — Medicines which ought not to be mixed, or 

given together. 
Inconsistence. — Not being able to hold the nat ural excretions, j 
Incorporate. — To mix medicines together. 
'Incubation. — To hatch eggs, slow developmr ot of disease. 
Indication, — That which shows what oughi to be done. 



hdigenous, — Peculiarity of a country, or of a smnll section 
of country, applied to disease, plants, &c. 

Indigestion. — Dyspepsia. 

Indolent, — Slow in progress, applied to ulcers and tumors, 
which are slow, and with but little or no pain. 

Induration. — Hardening of any part of the system by dis- 

InfectioiLs. — Communicable disease, from one to another. 

Infirmary. — ^Where medicines are distributed gratuitously 
to the poor ; but more recently some physicians 
have got to calling their offices infiimaries. 

Inflammation. — Attended with heat, redness, swelling, ten- 
derness, and often with throbbing. 

Inflatiis. — To distend, to blow up with wind, or to fill up 
with gas, as the stomach, bowels, &c. 

Influenza. — A disease affecting the nostrils, throat, &o., of 
a catarrhal nature. 

Jn/Msion.-Medicines prepared by steeping in water,not to boil. 

Inquinal. — In the groin. 

Ingredient. — One article of a compound mixture. 

Inhalation. — To draw in the breath. 

Injection. — Any preparation to be introduced by the rectum. 

inor^aTitc— Matter not having organs, all alike, as metals. 

Insanity. — Derangement of tJie mind. 

Insertion. — The attachment of muscles and tendons to the 
bones, which they move by contraction. 

Inspiration. — The act of drawing in the breath. 

Insipissation. — To thicken by boiling,to make what is ealled 
the concentrated extracts, desiccation. 

Instinct. — An involuntary action, as closing the eyelids, 
breathing, &c., natural perception of animab. 

Integument. — ^A covering^ the skin. 

Inter. — A prefix denoting between. 

Intercostal. — Between the ribs. 

Intermission. — Time between paroxysms of fever, or other 

Intermittent Fever. — Fever which comes on at regular peri- 
• . ' ods, betwoen which periods there is little, and 
sometimes no fever, an interval. 

i/ntema?. — Upon the inside. 

[Interosseus, — Between the bones. 

). ' 


DB. chase's BEOIFES. 



Interval. — The period between the paroxyems of periodii 
diseases, as ague, &c. 

Intestines, — The contents of the abdomen. 

Intestinal Canal. — Embracing the deodenum (the first di< 
vision below the stomach,) the jejunum (tin 
second division of the small intestines,) thi 
ileum, (the third and longest portion of thi 
small intestines,) the secum, (the first portion ol 
the larpjo intestines,) the colon, (the large in 
tine,) and the rectum, (the lower trap-door.) 

Intolerance. — In medicine, applied to the eye, as intoleranc^eMCorr^ 
of light; to the stomach, as intolerance o levigate 
food. ^ 

Inversio Uteri. — Inversion of the uterus. ^ ^ 

Inversion. — To turn the inside out. 

Irreducible. — Applied to hernia, and to joints which h&'^MLinguist 
been put out and cannot be put back to the! 

Ischuria. — Not being able to pass the urine. 

Issue. — Sore made as a counter-irritant, to draw irritatioi 
from a diseased part. 

Itch, — Psora, scabies, a catching eruption of the skin. 

Itis.-^Aa addition to a word denoting inflammation, aspleu Hver. — 
ritis, pleurisy, &c. 

Ivorj/ Black. — Animal charcoal. 

Jaundice. — A disease caused by the inactivi^ of the ImM^otion.'- 

or ducts leading from it. [See Icterus.] 
Jelly. — Gelatine in a fluid state, as applied to medicine. 
Jesuits' Bark. — First name of Peruvian bark, from its hav 

ing been discovered by Jesuit missionaries. 
Juglar. — ^Applied to veins of the throat. 
Jujube. — ^An East India fruit, something like a plum, 

in coughs, but of doubtful reputation. 
Kali. — Potash. * 

Kelp. — Ashes of sea-weed. 
Knot. — Surgeons tie their knot by passing the thread t 

through the loop, which prevents slipping. 
Labia. — Lips. 

Labia Pudendi, — Lips, or sides of the vulva 
Labial, — Of, or belonging to the lips. 
Labor* — Child-birth, parturition. 






lute, — I 


fa?.— B 




ihofaUny, — A place of chemioal experiments, or operaUons. 

indnatin^. — Sharp, piercing, as lancinatiDg pain. 

iryngeai, — Of the larynx. 

[arynx. — The upper part of the throat. 

laryngitis. — Inflammation of the throat. 

It. — Hidden, as latent heat, see the remarks oonneoted 
with steam boiler explosion. 

jttitude. — Weakness, a feeling of stupor. 

^laxative. — A very gentle cathartic. " 

l^tandrin. — Powder made from the leptandria virginioa, 
blackroot, Culver's physic. v 

[mcorrTiea. — Fluor albus, whites, chlorosis, &c. 1 

[mgate. — To reduce to a very fine powder. 

ligature. — A thread, to ligate, to tie with a ligature. 

Itocated. — Fixed, seated upon the same organ. ^ 

\jingua. — The tongue. ^ 

dnguist. — A speaker, fluency, one who understands dif- 
ferent languages. 

Liniment. — A fluid preparation to be applied by friction. 

fithontriptic. — A medicine reported to dissolve gravel, or 
Btone in the bladder. 

khotomy. — The operation of cutting, to take out stone of 
the bladder. 

liver. — TL( largest gland, d largest organ of the body. 

^Avid. — ^A dark colored spot i the surface. 

Loins. — Lower part of the bacK. 

Lotion. — A preparation to wash a sor'*. 

' Mcate» — To soften with oil, or to moisten with a fluid. 
The internal organs are covered with a mem- 
brane which throws out a lubricating fluid, en- 
abling them to move easily upon each other. 
ite» — A pasto with which to close 'liemical retorts, the 
casein, curd of milk, is used for that purpose. 

^mph. — A thin, r»'^^'>Tless fluid, carried in small vein-like 
vesself Ci; d lymphatics. 

lacerate. — To stec:iv'ften by soaking. 

ial. — Bad, mal pra^uce, bad practice, not according to 

falformation. — Irregular, unnatural formation, 
jlfa^m. — ^Bad gases, causing disease, supposed to arise 
from decaying vegetable matter. , 




£t^ Mr 


*l.. 'S? 





Ii4 1^ l^ 

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•"o !III 2.0 

U III 1.6 












WEBSTER, NY. 14580 

(716,1 872-4503 



V MP. 








DB« (MIMtt^ V3l(St!SM, 




Jtfa%Mm{.-^A {MMiilential, and generally dangetmid Sit 


Mamma, — The female breast, which is composed of glands! 
:?A-y<:;.^ that secrete the milk, upon the principle that 

H ^: . ^ the liver secretes bile ; each organ for its spe- 
I i?^Mtfe%i«ifio purpose: but secreting organs, or glandfi, 
are the more liable to get obstructed, thus pro<| 
duoing disease. 
Masticafiofi* — The act of chewing. ^' 

j|^l»iiff^«<i^.*^£xcitement, by the hand, of the ^ .itd o^| 
gans. The most injurious, health-destroying, 
soul-debasing, of all evils introduced into the| 
> world, because its frequent repetition draws! 

.; . M0 very heavily upon the nervous systtui, prostrat- 1 
% ing the eneigies, destroying the memory, to- 

' gether with 'the life principle, as well as the} 

?^^ i>% ' iwrinoiples of morality which ought to govern 
every human being, between himself and hia 
«^ri.4 A Creator. 

MifiuHiii.'^lo beeome ripe, to arrive at adult age, beyond 
further growth, . ? ;^- 

Matsria, — Matter, healthy substance.* ; >^i^j?ii;^": /^;'' ; 

Materia Medica, — The science of medicine and medical 

Maturation, — Formation of p^s, tttihealthy xnatteh 

Matrix. — The womb. 

Meconium. — The first passages after birth. '*^ w^ 

it(i«iua2.--Eelating to medicine. ^ 

Medicated. — Having medicine in its prepilration. ^ ^/ ' 

MmbraiM.'***'A thin lining, or covering, skin^like, as the 
peritoneum) which lines the cavity of the bow- 
els and covers the intestines ; and the perios- 
teum membrane, which covers the bones, &o. 

Medieammi^i, — A remedy, hence, medieamentum, the Welsh 
remedy for every disease 

Medicinal. — Having m^ieal propertied 

^^kdidknry.'-'^Like marrow, biain^e. 

JIfe?.— Honey. -^^^ 

Men8truation,*^M<mih\y ficur. . ' ) 

Mmtka Fijperita.'^Fepperm!^ 



\Modu8 0^ 



(ucu8 Me 

(uriatic i 
(utole. — 'J 
iyrrh. — 1 
fares. — 1 
fasal. — C 

favel. — C 
fecTos, — ] 

Wtre.— Si 

oiAsaiBUi. DZPiBXHmrF. 


>f glanda 
liple that 
r itsspe- 
r glanod, 

into the 
in draws 
aoty, to- 
ll asthd 
) govern 
and his 

, beyond 

l^i \. IjTe^J^^^uoiM.-^Flowing with honey^ sweetnesa, deliaoiMi 
^^^ *"^ akin to lucious, juicy mellowneifl. 

Uenorrhagia. — Excessive flooding. A'^^. 

Micturition. — To urinati, to pasis the urine. 

Uidwifery. — Art of assisting at ehild-birth. 

Uinim. — About one drop, one-sixtieth of a flnid drMhni* 

Uinimum. — The smallest, the smallMt dose, the oppoiite of 

Uodus ()perandi.-^Th(^ way in which medioines act, api^ 
cable alsp to ftny action, the way of doing it, * 
Uorbid. — Unhealthy. 
Morbus, — A disease; hence, cholera morbus, disease of Ihf 

'Mordant. — That which fastens the colors in dyeing, as slunii 
cream of tartar, argt^), vitriols, tin, Uquor, &Q* 
]icuB, — Animal mucilage. 
^ucus Membrane. — See remarks under the head of " I^ 

flammation," in the body of the work. 
^itcilage. — A watery solution of gum, or elm bark, &«♦ 
^natic.-^B.Avin^ reference to sea salt. 
^uriatic Acid. — Marine acid, often called hydrochlorio floid* 
'mcle.'-^lL bundle of fibres. > 

iMcu^ar.— ^Having reference to the muscles, strong built. 
^yrrh. — A resinous gum. 

'arcofic.— Stupefying medicines, producing sleep. i?r-^> - 
^ares. — The nostrils. „,, kv 

<waZ. — Of the nose. " 
^aiiift»«9m8ickne88 of the stomach, may ineresae uqIU fOm* 

iting takes place, or it may not 
^au$eant. — That which produces nausea. 
^avel. — Centre of the abdomen. 
Wo«. — Death. ; ?!jv. . '., 

I, as the 
he bow- 
3 periofr 
B, &o. 

ITectYxt^.-^Beath of a bone^^^,y.v^■^:,;/^^^';■'•^l c-X'-^-sv^fju-jv^ie^^ 

^ephros. — The kidney. 

%)An<i«.— Inflammation of the kidney or kidneyVi 

Nervous, — Easily excited. 

fervtne. — That which will allay, or soothe nervous eiaiUk 


^ewralgia. — Pain in nerves. 
Wfre.— Saltpetre. 
Nttmol^— Oooorriog in the night 








fl ■' 

W I 

iW^ra^«.— Nitric acid combined with alkaUeis or 

Normal. — In a natural and healthy condition* 
Nostrum. — A medical preparation. 
NotJms. — Spnrious, illegitimate, a bastard. 
Nudus. — Nude, without clothing. 
NtUriHon» — Nourishment. , ..-^v 
Nutritious. — Nourishing. 

Obesity. — Corpulence, excess of fat, fleshy, t^ *'* ^^ 
Obstetrics. — The science of midwifery. •'i^,,^ 
Ochre. — An ore* of iron. 
OcuIvjS, — The eye. 

Oculist. — An eye-doctor. it' 

Oleagitums^—kn oily substance. 
Omentwrn^-^ThQ caul, peritoneal covering of the int 

Opacity. — To obstruct light. 
Opaque. — ^Not transparent, inability to see through* 
Opthalmos, — The eye. 
Opthalmia. — Disease of the eye, inflammation of the eye 
Opiate, — An anodyne. 
Organ. — ^A part of the body, which has a certain work 

perform, called the functioiis of organs^ as th^ 

stomach, lungs, womb, &c. 
Or^fonw.— Bodies made up of organs. 
Organism. — ^Vital organization. 
Organized. — Furnished with life. 
Orgasm. — The closing excitement of sexual connection* 
Origin. — The point of commencement. 
Orifice. — ^An opening. 
Os Tince. — Mouth of the womb, or uterus. 
Osseous. — A bony substance. 
Ossification. — To become bone ; from ost, or OBteo, a boi 

or like a bone. 
OstaJgia. — Pain in a bone. 
Osttoma. — Tumor, like bone. 
Ostitis. — Inflammation of a bone, or bones. 
Otic. — Having reference to the ear. 
Otitis. — Inflammation of the ear. 
OtorrAea.-^Discharge from the car. 
Ova^ — ^An egg made up of little c^. 



il tiUi 

L^ f>, 

I ^*^-^iJii.^ ('>,.- u'k;^ 

|l?tfaria<— Testes ; most generallj applied to the female ; fe- 
male testes, two egg-shaped bodies (made up 
of little particles, or eggs); having an attach* ^ 
ment to the titonxs in the broad ligaments^ "^ 
which support that organ, having tubes, or^^. 
ducts, opening from then* into the uterus, 
called Fallopian tubes, from the man's nam» 
who first ga^e a description of them. One of 
these particles is thrown off at each menstrual 
flow. I 

7tf^n>tM.— Birds, or any animals that produce their young 
from eggs, or by eggs. n-.#t OTFw^vvn? - v"^ 

I, — ^Anegg. 
Uic Acid. — An acid found in sorrel, very poisonous. 

tide, — A oombination of oxygen with a metal, or fluid, as 
oxygen combining with vinegar-fluid, forms 
vinegar, oxygen combining with iron, forms 
oxide of iron, rust of iron, &o. 
}/gen, — One of the elements of the air, an acidifying 
(souring) principle, and an element (a particle . 
or part) of water. 
it — ^A preparation of vinegar and honey, from mel ; 

(. — Fetid ulcer ^f the nose, or fetid discharge from 
the nose. , i •; . . ,», v 

^dbidum, — Food; aliment. 

^ad. — A cushion. 

^alliative. — To afford relief, only. ** ** ^ .v-^tii^ ^f.,* 

Mpitation. — Unhealthy, or unnatural beating of the heart. 

^an. — ^As a prefix, means all. 

^anacea, — Bemedy for all diseases, consequently (speaking 
ironically) any patent medicine. # 

^arali/sis. — Loss of motion, dumb palsy. } 

-'artus. — Labor; the young when brought forth. - ^ -- J 

^ariurUion. — Child-birth. 

'^aroxysm. — A fit of disease oocuring at certain periods. 

?enodicaL — Occurring at a certain time. 

?etal. — A flower leaf, as rose leaves, Ite. 

^hthini. — A wasting, consumption. 1 * 

Pa^Aof. — A disease. ^^u•^>■■ 

Mo^o^.— The dootrino tf diseut. "^fM 

3t H. 






I^^ mASA'B tm^Bs 

PeeiofKi^^'^VefUArArig t& the breftsf. 

P^?iii;t«*w.— A fbo^batb> , % v; ;«;<^' 

PwwtoJ^w*.— Td hfttig down. ■ » v^ i^l 

i'tfftti^'^The fiitUd ofgtm of generfttioti. 

PiipBiiiiii^^A peculiar flubstanoe in the stOnMtdr, wbicli aids 

^T? digestioDi 
P(^)<ieL--»l>iig^tiye; beftee, dyspeptie, not digesting. 
Fdfeokiiion.'^'S^ run, oi) draw througb some substance, 

vm; ,. . 'iv:;; st^liinkligr j. ifw ut.; -j-i ■T..»i/^i^;.^«».^ ,..>.:..Mr,< 

'Premonitory, — To give a previous notice, as pfemopitory 

Pen. — ^Around, a covering. 

Pericardium, — ^Around the heart, sac containing the heart. 

Pmc^mli^^^lnfliai&iBta^oa of the pericardium. 

''(0piiiiiP*^A tesUeie^ m!fi}e organs, corresponding with testes, 

» HK ,1 in females, wi& iJiis difference, however, that 

6,r.i i^ ^n witli males they are upon the outside, whilst 

■ I '.' ''■'■■ with females they are upon the inside of the 

Per&e^im^'^Tbtft' part tielt^ecn the anus snd^ organs of 

generation or genitals* 
PerMea&'^^elQitiiig to the region of the perineum. 
Period. — ^A certain time. 

PmM£ici^^.-^Beti^ing «t a oertain timCi'^' ' ' ' ' ' 
Periosteum, — The membrane which covers all bones. 
Perspective View, — As it appears* to the eye at a ceHdn 
"""■"?'■ ." distanctj. • '^•. .■'..■,. y:.-' ■ ■— - 

Perturbation, — To disturb. •• a* ' v---^' */ ^ 

Permrwion^^kSk unhesdthy' d^nge; to ebange from its 

proper or natural coisrse^ 
Pe«9i«^.-^That whi^ will support, 6t holcl up the womb, 
. in* prolapsus^; see our remarks on ^' Female 

Phagedenic-^Axi eating and fast spreading ulcer. ^ ^ 
Pharmacy, — The art of combining and preparing medicines. 
Phleg>m. — Mucus ^om the bronchial tubes and throat. 
PAfo^w^ic—Tendenoy to inflammfttioil4'^^y^^»»^^**7-^*^^t' ^ 
Phosphorus. — An inftammable and luminous sub^ance, 
* prepared from urine and boneSi "*^^""" ; 

PhospTiate, — Phosphoric acid in combinatiei!i#f(Ki^1ai!§; ^' 

phosphate of k^, ffhd0{^biK^ ^IMe, ^ 



«« V ♦ ,1 .; 


Pleura. — 


Potus. — I 

Frussic A 

Psora, — 1 



QummiAh Dzpuxmmt. 


Pilei, — Tumors at, or in the anua ; &ometimv}fl prdtti>di*g^; 

often attea(^ed with hemorrhage, then oaU<ed 

■ ■■i '. hemorrhoids. f • •- " ,^---i..>,i^>^p-^r.- 

F^p^w«.««A preparation from blac^ pef^i considered 

valuable in <)gue. 
Placenta. — After-birth, which has a conHectioB to *1W 

womb, and to the child, during pregnaw«y; 
•; ^ :4»i' but is naturally thrown oflf by the violent ooa- 

tractions of the womb, at this period, there 

.<;: being no further use for it. Oh, the wisdom 

• V V : of our Creator, how glorious to contemplate 1 

'^i\. . f/verything adapted to the neeessities of the 

Pletf^ora^-^ven foUnesff ; if healthy, causing obesity, cor* 

PleutiHs. — Inflammation of the pleura, pleurisy. ■'' ^ • '^ t 
Pneumon. — The lungs. '''' *' 

Pleura. — The serous membrane covering the luogSj and 

'---" folded upon the sides. , l- ' ^ V'<» ^i 

Pneumonia. — Inflammation of the lungs. ; i '► .i— i ".f- ' v 
Podophillin. — A powder made from the podophillum peltst- - 

tum, mandrake root. 
Pemum. — The apple ; hence, pomace, mBBht^ apple. 
Potassium. — The basis of potash. j 

Potus. — A drink ; hence, potion, a medicated drink. 
Predisposition. — ^A tendency to a certain diseasdi : 
Pregnancy. — Being with child. '''^ ^^ » 

Prognosis. — The art oi guessing how a diseasa will tor 
:,,l7i!iXo:i i minate. .; ■^n:i i>,f' 'v:>tm ii^'.\ a^^t . 
Prolapsus. — A felling. ^ .1^1/ i.^i -^^ *, 

Prolapsus Aid. — Falling of the anus, red T^Uiii A^-tJ/i^" 
Prolapsus Uteri. — Falling of the uterus, ^i p 0[^t^\ik.:^,^i 
Profifra^ia/i.-^— Without strength.^J^/ ' '* ^ '^\ 

Prussiate. — A eompound with prussio addi ' ' ' 
Prussio Acid. — Hydrocyanic acid; oue of, ps the most 

virulent poison in existence. '^''>' 

Psora.— The itch. «-..fc«\^ii^\ 

Pvhes. — The prominence at the lower front part o# ilw 

i \ 

* .» ■ 



^i:J ^ n'.xiitikim^d^^' 

Puberty. — Full growth; an adult; perfectioil. 

\Puhic — Having reference to the region of tli» piu¥esr <^4«.v*Sfc 

•-i!.' I 


i..Mk ^..oJifi^iaiAi-ja 



JFW!«n(;fi^m.— The female organs of generation. jV 

Pv^, — A boy, or child. 

PiLer^era,—K woman who has just brought forth a child; 

hence, peurperal fever, fever at, or soon after 
- child-birth. ^^i 'i^&js 

Pulmo. — A lung. ^^. ■;? ■>'*^'i ''-iA't- > 'vh^fi -'' 
Pulmonitis. — Inflammation of the lung or lungs. 
Pulmonary. — Relating to the lungs, as pulmonary Balsam^ 
V •?•>;;• pulmonic wafers, &o. ^i v r*vvy 
l\«?vi».— A powder ; hence, pulverize, to make fine. Al. 

these words show how heavily we have drawn 
n, lipon other languages, for our own, conse- 

; ' quently, the necessity of studying the Latin 

'"' and Greek, to properly understand ours. 
Pupil. — The dark circle in the eye. ^^ :>itrj^f? *; ^ , 4 
Purgative. — A gentle Cathartic, s- ^-a^ii^^iAAf };i- - ,^HUvi 
Pus. — Unhealthy matter. ■'■ .^ •; «''^^--^.u-'^^:; , i;' 

PvMtule. — K slight elevation, having pus. ^i^>i.^^'^ - 

Putrefaction. — To decompose, by fermentation. 
Putrid. — Rotten ; decomposed. 
Pyroligneous Add. — An acid obtained from wood; the 

essence of smoke; if a little of it is put into a 

n V . barrel with meat, in the brine, it smokes it 

J : / i without trouble. I think a giJl to the barrel 

. sufficient, perhaps a little less will do. It is 

' f ^ obtained by inserting an old gun barrel or other 

' iron tube into a coal-pit, near the bottom, when 

^^.1 Ifc burning; it condenses in the tube and drops 

from the outer end into a dish, then bottled 

for use. 
QuoMta.-^A bitter tonic ; the chips of the wood are used. 
Rachis. — The spine. 
Bachiti$» — Rickets, bending of the spine, and sometimes 

the long bones of the limbs ; may be also en- 
' &d largement of the head, bowels, and the ends of 

the long bones. ' :. ■ 

Raditu. — The bone of the upper arm. - s^ ,^^? ; ^i^-l-^N^^'s^v 
Radial. — Having reference to the upper arm. 
Radiated. — Diverging from a centre. J - . . 

Radix. — A root. C^.-^i^-i. 

Ranm9» — ^A braaok. ^>^ 





■■•4 . , 

li •»■?• ■»■ -■<,<* 

« "t 

Humification. — To brancli out. 

Ran^ity. — Rancid, stale ; applied to oil, fat, butter, &0t 

Rash. — A redness of the skin, in patches. . . 

Ratsbane. — Arsenious acid; arsenic. . -m-v^,/. 

Rattle. — Noise of air passing through mucus, as in croup. 

Reaction. — To return, after recession. 

Recession, — Striking in, the blood, or disease, going to the 
internal organs. ' , J 

Rectum. — The lower portion of the intestines. < : 1 ^* 

Reduction. — To set a fracture, or to return a hernia. ' ;^^ 

Refrigerant. — A cooling medicine, or drink. 

Regimen. — Eegulation of diet, and habits, to preserve 
health, or to cure disease. 

Relajpse, — Becurrence of disease after an approved appear- 
ance, which is generally woi'Se than the first 
attack. ' '* 

Relaxation, — Losing the healthy tone of any part, or the 
whole system. .' > ;' 

Repletion. — Fullness. ,' ' 

Reproduction. — Generation, procreation. 

Respiration, — To breathe, including both inspiration and 

Resolution, — To return to health, applied to inflammations. 

Retching, — ^An effort to vomi*-. 

Retention, — Delay of the natural passage of the urine or 
:.i4'.vr foDces. ' ^ ^^-^' 

Revulsion, — 'To draw away disease, as draughts, or blisterSi 
irritating plasters, &c. 

Rhevmatitm. — Inflammation of the fibrous tissue, mostly 
confined to the large joints. 
^fiedni Olernn. — Castor oil. 

Rigor. — Coldness, with shivering. 

RocheUe Salts. — A mixture of tartarate of potash and soda* 

Rubefacients, — Medicines which cause redness of the skioi 
' '' as mustard, raddish leaves, &o. 

Rupture, — Hernia ; by some, called a breach. 

Saccharine. — The properties of sugar. 

Saliva, — The secretio. of the mouth, spittle; hence, sali- 
vation, an increased flow of saliva. 

Salt, — ^A compound of acid, with an alkali, or metaU 

iSb2{pe<iv.-~'Nitrate of potash. ^ 

' i 


Il I ' 

f .■-..? 


zo. chase's bxoifes. 

^X' . 


;"* r 

^aZttdfiMM. — Climate favorable to health* > 

SafMtive. — A ouratiTe medicine. 

Sanguis. — ]t>lood. 

Sanguinious. — Bloody — SanguiDiOTis disohofgei AS bloody 

Satnonin. — A powder obtained from worm-seed. 
Sarcoma.'^A fleshy tumor, generally of a oanoerous n^- 
I ture. 

Scabies, — The itoh. 

Scirrhut^^-X hard tumor, generally of a cancerous nature 
Scrofula, — A constitutional tendency to disease of the 

glands. ^ ■ > t: V 

Scrotum, ^The sac which encloses the testicles. 
Sedativs^-^To depress, the opposite of stimulation. 
SeidUt».'-^J^ villi^e of Bohemia ; hence, seidiitz powders, 

which originated at that place. 
^inajpna.-^Mufltard ; hence, sinapisms, mustard plasters. 
Slouch, — Death of a part, allowing it to come out from the 

healthy part. 
Stimul:nt. — A medicine calculated to excite an increased 

and healthy action. ^Y^N^'i'tn 

Styptic. — To stop bleeding. 
Sndk^I^t—Qomm(m or Virginia snake-root ; but black 

snake-root is the black cohosh, v^ vr ■ .^ ^^ . 
i^pa«m.-^-Cramp, or convulsion. 
Specific. — A remedy haying a uniform action, producing 

Sperm. — Seminal fluid, oitm JAore^^n. called the semen, 

Spermatic. — Having reference to the testicles, or ovaries. 
Spina. — The back-bone ; hence, spine. ■'> *«<» >^^\i 

Stitch. — ^A spasmodic pain. r:,;m^ i 

/Sftomci,««T*>The mouth. j ^-^'ii^itH'xK-^^h^^,^^^^^ 

Stomatitis. — Inflammation of the mouth. 
Strangulation. — To choke; also applied to heiliia which 
cannot be reduced. ^ - ^ ^ - 

Sudor k — Sweat: hence, sudorific, to sweat. ■■' -'WnAi^^^h 
Svfyhate.-^A combination with sulphuric acid. '-■y't^:nv:^K 
' ~ " " ol. 

natural dischaige. ^^^ 





arrest of 



i' »l 



Sympathy. — To be affected by the disease of ano^Ver organ, 

as sick koadacho from overloading the stomaoh. 
Symptom. — A sign of disease. 
Syncope. — To swoon, fainting. 
)Syp7u7w.-— Disease from sexual connection with those who 

have venereal disease. , 

Tannic Add. — An acid from oak bark, an oatringent. 
Tartaric Add. — An acid from cream of tartar, found io 

Tenesmus. — -Dimculty and pain at stool, with a desire to go 

to stool often. 
Tent. — A roll of lint or cloth to keep wounds open until 

they heal from the bottom. 
Testes. — Testicles. 
Therapeutics. — Rekting to a knowledge of treating disease, 

the curative action of medicine. 
Thorax. — The chest. 
Tibia. — The large bone of the lower-leg. 
Tonsils. — Glands on each side of the throat. 
Trachea. — The windpipe. 
Translation, — Disease going to some other organ. 
Triturate. — To rub into a powder. 
Tum>or. — An enlargement of a portion, usually of the ex* 

ternal parts. 
Ulna. — Small or under bone of the arm. 
CFmhilicus. — The navel. 

Vretur. — ^Duct leading from the kidney to the bladder. 
Uterus. — The womb. 

Vayina. — The passage from the wonib to the vulva 
Vmery. — Sexual indulgence. 
Vermifuge. — Having the property to destroy worms 
Yvnu. — Contagious poison. 
VuLva. — External opening of the female genitalr 
TF%t<ef. — Eluor albus. 
jPom^. — The principle of fermentation. 
STtnei ^uZj?^.— Sulphate of zinc, white vitriol 





.-'i. .:ty